Michael E. Conroy

Colibrí Consulting


Michael E. Conroy is a principal of Colibrí Consulting – Certification for Sustainable Development. He is an economist who taught Economics and Latin American Studies at the University of Texas, from 1971 to 1996, and who then spent 12 years working for two U.S. private foundations, the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. From 2003 to 2006 Conroy also had an appointment as a Senior Lecturer and Senior Research Scholar at Yale University's School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.

At the University of Texas, Conroy taught and wrote about Latin American political economy, urban and regional economics, and the global economics of sustainable development. At the Ford Foundation, his work focused on the development of advocacy-led certification systems that encourage and reward higher social and environmental accountability on the part of corporations worldwide, with special emphasis on sustainable forestry, fair trade in agricultural commodities, sustainable tourism and ecotourism, responsible mining, and sustainable finance. At the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, his work focused on global governance, including support for new mechanisms of governance for the global commons and new global mechanisms for accountability on the part of multinational corporations. And at Yale he developed and taught, with Benjamin Cashore, a new seminar on markets, certification systems, and corporate accountability.

Featured Work

DEC 7, 2007 Podcast

Branded! How the Certification Revolution is Transforming Global Corporations

Michael Conroy discusses how certification systems, market campaigns, and champions within corporations are driving a major shift in global corporate accountability on social and environmental ...

DEC 7, 2006 Podcast

Global Civil Society Mechanisms for Creating Fairer Trade

Michael Conroy argues that while the multilateral trade regime is not designed for fair, moral, or sustainable trade, global civil society has created mechanisms that ...