Carnegie Ethics Online

Carnegie Ethics Online is a monthly column featuring short, prescriptive contributions from writers who examine ethical dilemmas in current policy issues.

The founding editor of this column from June 2006–January 2008 was Devin Stewart. The current editor is Madeleine Lynn. Please contact her about submissions and other inquiries.

Carnegie Council provides an open forum for discussion. Views expressed are not necessarily those of Carnegie Council.

Hashtags and Human Rights: Activism in the Age of Twitter | 11/12/2014 Johanna Herman It's very exciting when an activist social media campaign goes viral. But what if all that energy is misdirected, or merely "slacktivism"? This essay examines five campaigns, including #bringbackourgirls and the Ice Bucket Challenge, to think about how to harness social networking to work towards real engagement and positive change.

Security Threats in Africa: A Critical Perspective | 10/10/2014 Claire Metelits The U.S. is still seeing Africa from a Cold War perspective rooted in political realist thought, writes Africa security expert Metelits. But characterizing non-Western institutions as having a lack of governance and generalizing about political violence can lead to grave errors in assessing the threat environment.

The Central American Child Emigration Crisis: Facts, Figures, and Root Causes | 09/24/2014 Carlos Vargas-Ramos Beginning in early 2014, news reports noted the rising number of unaccompanied minors attempting to cross the U.S. border with Mexico. Soon, it was described as a crisis. What made this flow of migrants a crisis? Who are these unaccompanied minors? What caused their migration? Did the United States play a role in it?

Modern Europe's Roma: Still Denied Social Justice | 08/02/2014 Margareta Matache, Jacqueline Bhabha Despite sustained EU efforts to develop a vigorous Roma inclusion policy, the vast majority of the 10–12 million strong European Roma remain severely marginalized, frequent targets of violence, and mired in entrenched poverty. How can we ensure that the EU does indeed become a fierce defender of human rights for all those who live within its borders?

It's Time for the United States to Ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child | 07/07/2014 Tara Collins America is one of only two countries that has not yet ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The other is Somalia. As the 25th anniversary of the CRC approaches this November, isn't it time the United States finally ratified it?

The Intergenerational and International Justice Dilemmas of Multinational Nuclear Waste Repositories | 06/06/2014 Behnam Taebi Despite Fukushima, the use of nuclear power is increasing worldwide. What about the growing mountain of nuclear waste? It has already been accumulating for over 50 years and will remain highly radioactive for many thousands of years to come. Safe disposal presents a massive challenge to humanity and one that still has to be addressed.

The Lower Aguán in Honduras and the Deadly Battle Over Land Rights | 05/06/2014 Lynn Holland The tumult in the Lower Aguán calls for a more thorough examination of the nature of land rights conflict and its role in making Honduras the murder capital of the world. Each side claims ownership of the land based on agrarian reform measures undertaken in different eras. And both the U.S. and the World Bank have played an important part.

Climate Change Mitigation, Peacebuilding, and Resilience | 04/10/2014 Florian Krampe How are our efforts to reduce the impact of climate change affecting post-conflict societies? Drawing on his empirical data on micro hydropower development in post-conflict Nepal, Florian Krampe investigates whether climate change mitigation contributes to peacebuilding there. The results are nuanced and rather unexpected.

Redrawing the Map of Global Knowledge: from Access to Participation | 03/13/2014 Laura Czerniewicz It's tempting to think that more money and machines will solve the problems of knowledge production inequality between the global North and South, writes Laura Czerniewicz. Yet values and practices shaped by the Northern agenda contribute just as much to global imbalances as material disparities do, and this must be confronted head on.

From Dehumanization to Rehumanization | 02/14/2014 Laura Rediehs "Rehumanization is the restoration of human dignity and the reassertion of the priority of humans above the systems originally intended to serve humanity. If we are to achieve rehumanization, we need to domesticate the techno-economic complex and quell its divisive forces," writes philosophy professor Laura Rediehs.

Secrets and Allies: UK and U.S. Government Reaction to the Snowden Leaks | 01/08/2014 Alexa van Sickle Is Edward Snowden a whistleblower, a traitor, or a mixture of both? How should he and the media that published his leaks be treated? Journalist Alexa van Sickle analyzes the different approaches taken by the UK and the U.S., explaining their historical, legal, and cultural underpinnings.

Jeffrey Sachs: Idealist or Extreme Pragmatist? | 12/16/2013 Shefa Siegel Nina Munk's book about economist Jeffrey Sachs portrays his defense of the global poor as an act of faithful idealism. She could not have it more wrong.

Passionate Conviction and Inclusive Community | 11/19/2013 George Rupp "Convictions matter. At least our own convictions—the affirmations, commitments, and practices that are central to our personal and social identity—matter to us. Yet because we live in an era of unprecedented global interaction, the convictions of people everywhere also matter to all of us whether we know it or not."

Chile's Opportunity to Eradicate Violence Against Women—and Set an Example for the Region | 10/21/2013 Julia Taylor Kennedy If Michelle Bachelet regains the Chilean presidency in the 2013 election, she has the opportunity to create a lasting legacy for women. What's needed is a multi-pronged approach that properly funds and enforces regulations, but even more importantly, goes to the root of the problem by bringing about cultural change.

The Fate of Cultural Property in Wartime: Why it Matters and What Should Be Done | 09/17/2013 Jennifer Otterson Mollick Cultural property protection in conflict is often neglected as people argue that the lives of individuals in warzones are far more important than old buildings, pots, and books. However, it is not a question of prioritizing. We must not dismiss cultural property protection in conflicts as secondary to humanitarian tragedy, but as part of the effort to save humanity.

Some Thoughts on the Ethics of China's Rise | 08/14/2013 Ali Wyne In this nuanced and knowledgeable piece, Wyne analyses China's changing values and challenges as the country takes a more prominent role on the world stage, from human rights, to humanitarian intervention, to the environmental cost of its breathtaking growth over the last few decades. He concludes with some thoughts on U.S. policy towards China.

Venezuela: An Ethical Foreign Policy? | 07/10/2013 Ewan Robertson Some observers see Venezuela's foreign policy as promoting international solidarity with the oppressed, combating poverty, and pushing for a just world order free of uni-polar domination. Others argue that it has been incoherent, militaristic, and prejudicial to regional stability. What does the evidence tell us?

China's Unilateral Sanctions | 06/13/2013 James Reilly China's opposition to economic sanctions is legendary, yet there has been a subtle but significant shift in its own use of such sanctions. This represents an important trend in Chinese foreign policy--one that U.S. policymakers should take seriously.

The World of Wal-Mart | 05/09/2013 S. Prakash Sethi With the deadly April 2013 collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh, once again the spotlight is on multi-national companies like Wal-Mart, whose production is often out-sourced to factories with substandard conditions. As usual, there are promises of reforms, along with denials of culpability. But will the world of Wal-Mart ever change?

Exit, Voice, and Loyalty at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal: Should the International Community Stay or Go? | 04/23/2013 Jinah Roe The Khmer Rouge Tribunal is in big trouble, much of it financial. But the financial deficit is the result of something  deeper: a responsibility deficit. The UN and the international community owe it to the victims to persevere--and quickly, before all those under indictment die of old age.

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