Articles, Papers, and Reports

Romania: On the Edge of a Democratic Cliff? | 01/23/2015 Patrick Basham Responding to Teo Stan's article written just before Romania's November 2014 elections, Patrick Basham argues that unfortunately, Stan was over-optimistic. "On the ground in Romania, the opposite of Stan's forecast is happening. Democratic institutions are under threat and the forces of democracy are in retreat."

Leveraging Networks for Impact, Part 2: Best Practice Roundtable | 01/21/2015 Winthrop Carty On November, 2014, Carnegie Council and the Melton Foundation convened a group of representatives of leading global networks to investigate how to measure and maximize their impact. Read about the discussion, take-aways, and next steps.

Cuba's Pivotal Role on the World Stage | 01/09/2015 Lynn Holland One might not think that a small island like Cuba could play a critical role in world politics. Yet the circumstances of Obama's decision to restore diplomatic relations with Cuba should prompt us to see the country in a new light. We should examine the role of Russia in this event, as well as the repercussions in the rest of Latin America.

Public Health in Brazil | 12/15/2014 Valeria Guimarães de Lima e Silva Few countries in the world match Brazil's pledge to provide universal, free health care as a constitutional right. This promise extends far beyond routine check-ups and vaccinations. How is this ambitious goal being carried out in practice?

Lawlessness: Malaysia and Its Law of Rules | 12/03/2014 Jayson Browder With restrictive laws and harassment touching NGOs, journalists, religious and ethnic minorities, and the LGBT community, Malaysia's rule of law problem cannot be ignored. How can the country's "rotting" institutions be reformed?

On the Verge of Democratic Consolidation: The Romanian Presidential Elections | 11/07/2014 Teodor Stan It was David against Goliath in the Romanian presidential elections, and David won! For valuable background, read Teodor Stan's in-depth analysis of the complex political situation in his native country, written just before the election.

Brazil at a Crossroads: The 2013 Protests and the Upcoming Presidential Elections | 10/23/2014 Valeria Guimarães de Lima e Silva Who will win the Brazilian election on October 26, and which--if either--of the candidates is more likely to fulfill the demands of the protesters who took to the streets in 2013? How much change can either of them offer, given the entrenched political status quo and the economic problems facing the country?

Needs Work: A Troubled U.S.-Russia Relationship | 10/16/2014 David C. Speedie "The febrile hyperbole of criticism directed at Russia as a result of the crisis in Ukraine is misdirected and harmful to both Russia and the United States," argues David Speedie.

The Ottoman Road to War: Mustafa Aksakal on the Ottomans' Fateful Decision | 10/15/2014 Mustafa Aksakal, Zach Dorfman Why did the Ottoman Empire side with Germany in World War I? It was a rational decision, given the circumstances at the time, argues Aksakal. But it brought down the empire and violently reshaped the region's borders at horrifying human cost. Indeed, WWI informs national identities even today.

Ethics Fellows for the Future 2014 Essay Collection | 09/25/2014
This booklet is a collection of the Ethics Fellows for the Future (EFF) essays and project outlines as well as the winning essay of Carnegie Council's 2014 Trans-Pacific Student Contest. Read their essays in magazine form or download the PDF.

Mary Dudziak on Civil Liberties During WWI and Beyond | 09/04/2014 Mary Dudziak, Zach Dorfman "Just as the nation is perpetually focused on security, we must also be perpetually focused on maintaining constitutional liberty."

A Clear and Present Danger: Why We Need the UN Security Council to Help Defeat ISIL | 08/19/2014 David C. Speedie, Zach Dorfman The relentless advance of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant poses an existential threat to countries of the region and a grave challenge to the world at large. The curbing and crushing of ISIL requires extraordinary measures, a "coalition of the concerned," led by the United States and working through and in cooperation with the UN Security Council.

Sarajevo: Perspectives from a Carnegie New Leader | 08/18/2014 Conor Moran Conor Moran, a member of the Carnegie Council Centennial delegation, shares some complex thoughts on the city of Sarajevo and the nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 years after World War I and 20 years after the Yugoslav Wars. How can this part of the world move on from its troubled history?

Helpless Bosnia and Its Women, 20 Years After Ethnic War | 08/07/2014 Barbara Crossette Carnegie Council Trustee Barbara Crossette looks at courageous women who have gone from victims of the Bosnian War (1992-1995) to heroines. Yet many foresee a potential worsening of Bosnia's political situation, a bleak prospect all Bosnians, especially Bosnia's women.

Toward Understanding Our World's Moral Landscape: Carnegie Council's Centennial Projects on a "Global Ethic" | 08/04/2014 Devin T. Stewart As part of its Centennial activities, Carnegie Council launched several projects, including the Global Ethical Dialogues and Thought Leaders Forum, to explore the concept of a "global ethic." Senior Fellow Devin Stewart writes on the highlights from these two projects, including what leading thinkers believe to be the greatest ethical challenges.

Japan’s "'76ers" Gain Global Attention: New Liberal Elite Can Change Japan | 07/22/2014 Devin T. Stewart In this "Nikkei Business" interview, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow discusses his research on Japan's generation known as "76ers"--i.e. those born around 1976. He talked to non-political elites, such as activists, researchers, students, journalists, and CEOs, and found that incremental but very significant changes are underway in Japan.

July 1914: Sean McMeekin on the Outbreak of World War I | 07/10/2014 Sean McMeekin, Mladen Joksic Would Europe have gone to war had Franz Ferdinand survived his visit to Bosnia? What were the blunders and miscalculations on all sides that fateful July 1914? Read historian Sean McMeekin's take.

We Have a Plan: From Sarajevo to Baghdad | 06/26/2014 Joel H. Rosenthal How should we mark the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the event that led to WWI? Here in Sarajevo, remembering its tragic history at both the beginning and end of the 20th century, it's clear that passivity in the face of instability is not an answer. But it's equally clear that we should be humble about remedies.

The Participation Gap | 06/25/2014 Devin T. Stewart "Inequality doesn't result only from differences in income or wealth (the focus of French economist Thomas Piketty). It also has a political dimension, fueled by unequal access to power and the norm that all citizens deserve an equal voice."

Can Japan Change? Yes, It Can! | 06/20/2014 Devin T. Stewart It may not be a revolution, but change is happening in Japan in important ways. A more open attitude is emerging toward entrepreneurship, global education, civil society, and women in leadership positions, especially among people in their 30s and 40s.

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