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Articles, Papers, and Reports

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This section includes Articles, Papers, and Reports from Carnegie Council staff, programs, associates, essay contests and other sources.

Carnegie Council provides an open forum for discussion. Views expressed are not necessarily those of Carnegie Council.

 

In Search of a Global Ethic | 04/21/2016 Devin T. Stewart Research in 25 cities in eight countries on five continents shows that norms across cultures may not be so different after all.

Better Transportation for a Better City | 02/23/2016
Did you know that the longest traffic jam ever recorded--192 miles--occurred in São Paulo? "Not only would an expansion of the subway system increase the safety and sustainability of the city, but it would improve the city's inclusiveness by addressing social inequality," argues 16-year-old Jack Conway, a São Paulo resident for the past four years.

The Fight Against Climate Change | 02/23/2016
"Climate change is happening," writes 15-year-old Dheera Vuppala. "Nine out of ten scientists say it is. The U.S. has to deal with it, so let's take the proper steps to fight it. Limiting industries' carbon emissions, lowering households' use of electricity, and researching and switching to renewable energy forms are only a few of those steps."

Defining the Undefinable: Gender in Developed Nations | 02/23/2016
"I yearn to live in a society where we can be ourselves without prejudice," writes Se Bin Ahn, a South Korean student. "It is therefore crucial to be on guard for peddlers of pseudo-science, advertising 'brain-based learning theories,' who unwittingly divest us of independence and integrity."

Goals for a Better World: Taking Urgent Action to Combat Climate Change in the United States within the Next 15 Years | 02/23/2016
American student Annabelle Dunbar advocates for the United States and its citizens to begin a transition towards more ecologically and economically sustainable ways of living by turning to alternative sources of energy, implementing more viable innovations, and altering certain lifestyles (including eating less meat).

The Making of Sustainable India | 02/23/2016
"Sustainable development will not be easy. Yet, it is an unavoidable responsibility that is achievable with better planning, stronger policies, and effective execution," writes Indian student Sanyam Khare. "By adopting frugal innovation methods, India can show the world how to do more and better with less."

Measures for Nigeria to Reach the Objective "Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient, and Sustainable" in the Next 15 Years | 02/23/2016
"I have always seen my dear country as the proverbial elephant up a tree: I do not understand how come it got there, but I sense it's surely going to fall," writes Nigerian student Agbeyo Temitope. Nevertheless, he believes the Sustainable Development Goals are achievable in Nigeria. His first concerns are eliminating terrorism and disease.

Ethics in Online Activism: False Senses of Social Action or Effective Source of Change? | 02/22/2016 Rimah Jaber "There is a growing skepticism of whether or not sectors of online activism are more self-interested than socially interested," writes Rimah Jaber. When and how does online activism become unethical? How can we stop this from happening?

The Need for Ethical Grounding in Social Activism: A Banker's Perspective of the Occupy Movement | 02/11/2016 Philippa Girling Why did the Occupy Movement, that should have resonated with 99 percent of the population, lack the support to achieve the changes that it sought?

Tokyo's Ambition Generation | 02/11/2016 Devin T. Stewart Despite a host of cultural and structural difficulties, Japanese business culture is slowly becoming more welcoming to start-ups, writes Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart in "Foreign Affairs."

Can Wars Ever be Just or Are Wars Merely Justifiable?: The Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo | 02/05/2016 Louise Boshab From the standpoint of ethics of war, the conflict in the eastern region of the DRC would be deemed to be justifiable because it fills the criteria of war for a just reason and of legitimate war. On the other hand, in this ethical context as well we find ourselves not able to attribute any just qualities to the act of war, because war needs to preserve its independent identity.

Deterrence or Disarmament?: The Ethics of Nuclear Warfare | 02/04/2016 Kayla Giampaolo Is using a nuclear weapon morally permissible under some circumstances? Is it ethical to implement nuclear deterrence (threatening to use atomic weapons) as a self-defense strategy?

Human Rights in Asia and the West | 01/28/2016 Jiyoung Song The geographical, national, or ethnic East-West division in human rights thinking is increasingly irrelevant. Instead, multiple layers of horizontal solidarity have been formed through global networks, and liberals in both regions have been significantly marginalized.

Values and the Ethics of International Order | 01/28/2016 Jean-Marc Coicaud At a time when U.S. primacy is in doubt, when many are concerned that China might become a global political power, when the threat of radical Islam goes hand in hand with anti-Western attitudes, the question of the right repertoire of values, along with the legitimacy and ethics of the international order, could not be more important.

The "Singapore School" of Asian Values: Down But Not Out? | 01/26/2016 See Seng Tan When the Asian financial crisis of 1997 blunted the so-called "Asian Economic Miracle," critics--many Westerners, but also Asians tired of the tendentious claims of their cultural elites--bid good riddance to the end of "Asian values." Yet the "Singapore school" could well experience a revival in the foreseeable future, albeit in a different form.

International Holocaust Memorial Day, January 27: What We Can Still Learn | 01/26/2016 Gene Klein Holocaust survivor Gene Klein: "On Holocaust Memorial Day we remember the suffering, death and destruction of the camps. This year I also ask you to make a human connection to today's refugees. When you see them on your television or in your community, try to walk in their shoes."

Competing Moral Claims over the Nuclear Power-Weapons Crossover | 01/22/2016 Katsuhiko Mori "Although the military–industry complex remains resilient, the only ultimate solution to nuclear danger and the best disaster prevention is a nuclear-free world in both military and civil terms."

The Reduction of Mass Atrocity Crimes in Southeast Asia, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), and the Individual Responsibility to Protect (IR2P) | 01/22/2016 David Frank For a variety of reasons, Southeast Asia has experienced a significant reduction in mass atrocity crimes in the last 30 years. Frank suggests that R2P and the individual responsibility to protect (IR2P, advanced by Edward Luck and Dana Luck), when yoked, can help entrench, sustain, and strengthen norms that help prevent mass atrocity crimes.

The Concept of Humane Democracy and a New Global Order | 01/21/2016 Ilsup Ahn "Differing from liberal democracy whose political goal is rather negatively conceived in a sense of protecting individual rights, the concept of humane democracy is envisioned to promote humanity's higher and nobler ethical ideals such as building solidarity, upholding diversity, and enhancing the capabilities of all, beyond protecting individual rights."

Rethinking U.S. Strategy Towards China | 01/21/2016 Joshua Eisenman "To improve U.S. policy towards China to avoid, and yet be prepared for, conflict requires going beyond simplistic applications of international relations theory. It means opening the 'black box' of China's policymaking process to understand why it makes the decisions it does and how this process has and is changing."

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