Articles, Papers, and Reports

Japan’s "'76ers" Gain Global Attention: New Liberal Elite Can Change Japan | 07/22/2014 Devin T. Stewart In this "Nikkei Business" interview, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow discusses his research on Japan's generation known as "76ers"--i.e. those born around 1976. He talked to non-political elites, such as activists, researchers, students, journalists, and CEOs, and found that incremental but very significant changes are underway in Japan.

July 1914: Sean McMeekin on the Outbreak of World War I | 07/10/2014 Sean McMeekin, Mladen Joksic Would Europe have gone to war had Franz Ferdinand survived his visit to Bosnia? What were the blunders and miscalculations on all sides that fateful July 1914? Read historian Sean McMeekin's take.

We Have a Plan: From Sarajevo to Baghdad | 06/26/2014 Joel H. Rosenthal How should we mark the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the event that led to WWI? Here in Sarajevo, remembering its tragic history at both the beginning and end of the 20th century, it's clear that passivity in the face of instability is not an answer. But it's equally clear that we should be humble about remedies.

The Participation Gap | 06/25/2014 Devin T. Stewart "Inequality doesn't result only from differences in income or wealth (the focus of French economist Thomas Piketty). It also has a political dimension, fueled by unequal access to power and the norm that all citizens deserve an equal voice."

Can Japan Change? Yes, It Can! | 06/20/2014 Devin T. Stewart It may not be a revolution, but change is happening in Japan in important ways. A more open attitude is emerging toward entrepreneurship, global education, civil society, and women in leadership positions, especially among people in their 30s and 40s.

Cataclysm: David Stevenson on World War I as Political Tragedy | 06/18/2014 David Stevenson, Mladen Joksic David Stevenson discusses the military and political decisions on both sides that led to World War I; the Eastern, Balkan, and Italian Fronts, which are often overlooked; the role of the colonies for the Allies; and much more.

Do Global Networks Require "Cruise Directors"? | 06/16/2014 Rachel Kleinfeld, Devin T. Stewart On April 30, 2014, Carnegie Council and the Melton Foundation convened a group of representatives of leading global networks to investigate and share best practices. Read about the discussion, take-aways, and next steps.

The European Parliament Elections and Rise of the Far Right: Three Reasons for Reassurance, Three for Concern | 06/06/2014 David C. Speedie The European Parliament election results are in, and the ominous has become the grim reality. Fueled by high unemployment across the continent and anti-immigrant anger, Far-Right (and in some isolated cases Far-Left) parties achieved momentous gains. What does this mean for the future and why does it matter to the United States?

Sarajevo is a Symbol: Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Assassination | 05/28/2014 Joel H. Rosenthal In this interview with the Turkish news organization Andalou Agency, Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal explains the reasons behind the Council's upcoming visit to Sarajevo and why its participation in the commemoration of the outbreak of World War I is important.

"The Past is Another Country:" The Epic Battle for the Civil Rights Act | 05/21/2014 Zach Dorfman The 1964 Civil Rights Act was a triumph of one vision--one history--of one America over another. Clay Risen's "The Bill of the Century: The Epic Battle for the Civil Rights Act" tells the story of the unsung heroes, and the shortcomings, of the Act.

The Little Red Dot and the Land of the Free: Singapore and the United States | 05/21/2014 Salina Lee, Nelson Chew What defines your country? How do you perceive someone from a totally different background? Who would have guessed that an exchange between a Singaporean and an American would offer insights on the subtle connections that make two vastly different countries so very comparable.

The Long Shadow: David Reynolds on World War I | 05/19/2014 David Reynolds, Zach Dorfman David Reynolds discusses the different ways the carnage of World War I is memorialized in Europe and its different long-term effects on Western and Eastern Europe; England, Scotland, and Ireland; and lastly, the United States.

Japan's Change Generation | 05/05/2014 Devin T. Stewart For the past two decades, Tokyo has been described as stagnant, glacial, and arthritic. But that is only part of the story. Outside the government, a new generation of liberal reformers is bringing about real change.

Ukraine: A Federalist Future? | 04/23/2014 Rene Wadlow One possibility of lowering tensions in Ukraine on a longer-term basis is the start of discussions on a federal-decentralized government structure that would not divide the country but would foster local and regional autonomy. However, although federalism is not a first step to Ukraine's disintegration, neither is it a "magic solution."

Jingo Unchained: What World War I Wrought | 04/17/2014 Zach Dorfman When we think about the centenary of World War I in 2014, we should consider first and foremost what it has meant for the life of our republic, and how the corrosive actions of a few can have enormously outsized consequences for the rest of us. One hundred years later, we are still fighting for or against Woodrow Wilson's war.

Dance of the Furies: Michael Neiberg on Europe and the Outbreak of World War I | 04/16/2014 Michael Neiberg, Mladen Joksic "It is impossible for me to see how a Second World War, a Holocaust, a Cold War, a globally-engaged United States, and decolonization could happen without the First World War. In fact, in my view we can gain a lot of clarity by seeing the two world wars as one war, almost as a second Thirty Years War."

Ukraine, The Great Powers, Budapest, and "Astheneia" | 04/16/2014 Nikolas K. Gvosdev Was it unethical for the United States to give Ukraine non-binding security guarantees as an inducement for giving up nuclear weapons?

On the Moral Implications of Torture and Exemplary Assassination | 04/10/2014 Paul W. Blackstock First published in May 1970 during the Vietnam War, this WORLDVIEW magazine article is just as relevant today.

The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Jonathan Hansen on World War I (Part II) | 03/24/2014 Jonathan Hansen, Zach Dorfman "What does it mean to be patriotic in a nation founded on a set of putative universal principles and composed primarily of immigrants and their descendants? This is a timeless question that first came to a head in World War I and received renewed attention (though not much debate) in the wake of 9/11."

The Ethics of Avoiding Conflict with China | 03/19/2014 Nikolas K. Gvosdev Is there a policy prescription that can avoid turning predictions of a Sino-American clash into a self-fulfilling prophecy?

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