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Articles, Papers, and Reports

Carnegie Council - Articles, Papers, and Reports. Image by shutterstock.com CREDIT: Shutterstock

This section includes Articles, Papers, and Reports from Carnegie Council staff, programs, associates, essay contests and other sources.

Carnegie Council provides an open forum for discussion. Views expressed are not necessarily those of Carnegie Council.

 

The Question Is: Can the UN Survive the Trump Era? | 12/07/2016 Barbara Crossette The United Nations will swear in António Guterres as its ninth secretary-general on December 12, when the organization will be only weeks away from the inauguration of Donald Trump and the potentially most threatening, hostile political opposition to the UN ever assembled in Washington, DC.

Donald Trump. . . . . Commander-in-Chief | 11/28/2016 Jeffrey D. McCausland Donald Trump is now president-elect. Despite the bitter opposition that occurred throughout the campaign, all Americans should want him to be successful. This is particularly true for his most important role as commander-in-chief, as he must deal with a variety of significant threats.

Carnegie Council's 2016 Gender Research Delegation to Tokyo, Japan | 11/22/2016 Devin T. Stewart Twelve delegates from seven countries and diverse professional backgrounds visited Tokyo to examine moral issues around gender equality in Japanese society. They participated in classroom discussions, expert lectures, cultural activities, and site visits, and described the trip as "eye opening" and "life-changing."

Briefing Paper on Climate Engineering | 10/28/2016 Janos Pasztor, Simon Nicholson, David Morrow Climate engineering is defined as large-scale, deliberate intervention in the Earth system to counteract climate change. Two major sets of techniques are usually included: those that could remove significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and those that might offset the amount of incoming solar radiation in order to cool the planet.

Greece, the Greeks, and the Crisis: Reaching Beyond "That's how it Goes" | 09/07/2016 Anna Visvizi Understandably, international attention focuses on the sufferings of migrants arriving in Greece. But what of the Greeks themselves? Though largely invisible to tourists, the country's multiple economic and social problems include a suicide epidemic and an increase in homelessness. What's particularly worrying is that this is now "the new normal."

Hold the Salmon, How About Scup? For Sustainable Seafood, Variety is Key | 08/12/2016 Amrita Gupta Atlantic salmon and blue fin tuna have been overfished nearly to extinction and farmed fish come with concerns such as the overuse of antibiotics. Yet there are hundreds of delicious and sustainable fish like mullet, dogfish, and scup, species often referred to as "trash fish." For sustainable seafood, let's be more adventurous and try fish like scup.

Higher Education's Role in Japan's Recovery | 08/04/2016 Mary Vo Japan has been investing in major reforms to improve its higher education system and therefore its economy. The goal is to foster a new class of globally-minded, creative, and entrepreneurial citizens who can compete with the rest of the world and help reverse Japan's downward slide. But how much will these reforms really achieve?

Codename: Chilbom | 07/19/2016 Zach Dorfman On a fall morning in 1976, a bomb exploded in the middle of Washington. The shock waves were felt for the next 30 years.

Buyers' Remorse? | 07/07/2016 David C. Speedie Internationalist and Scot David Speedie reflects on Brexit: what happened, how it happened, and what the ramifications will be for Britain and beyond. Is this the beginning of a great unraveling?

The July NATO Warsaw Summit: How Will NATO Adapt to a New Security Environment? | 06/17/2016 Bartlomiej E. Nowak, Artur Kluz Today NATO must protect itself from Russian threats on its Eastern borders and ISIS to the South, plus terrorism and cyber attacks, while also managing the flow of migration and patrolling the seas. Therefore the upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw is of paramount importance.

The Progressive's Paradox | 06/15/2016 Zach Dorfman Can left-wing ideologies ever co-exist comfortably with military intervention? U.S. foreign policy over the past two decades has failed to align squarely with the two major domestic political parties—is the liberal/conservative distinction here a myth?

Obama at Hiroshima | 05/23/2016 Joel H. Rosenthal The president's visit to Hiroshima to affirm his commitment to a world without nuclear weapons is no doubt a legacy-burnishing gesture, writes Rosenthal. "Yet there is also a substantial seven-year record to offer up. Channeling Lincoln at Gettysburg, Obama will try to turn a moment of mourning into a rededication to 'unfinished work.'"

Gender Imbalance in the UN Leadership | 05/16/2016 Ourania S. Yancopoulos, Devin T. Stewart "Despite the UN's repeated commitment to 50/50 gender parity, the UN has never been even close to this goal," writes Ourania Yancopoulos in this follow-up interview about her winning presentation for the Council's Research Conference. "In fact the closest it ever got was in 2012 at about 24 percent."

The Fifth Annual Moscow Conference on International Security | 05/12/2016 David C. Speedie David Speedie attended this important three-day conference and reports that "a global array of speakers articulated a corresponding range of country/area-specific concerns, much of which was familiar but nevertheless important to hear." There were more than 600 official delegates from 83 countries--the most notable absentees being the U.S. and the UK.

In Search of a Global Ethic | 04/21/2016 Devin T. Stewart Research in 25 cities in eight countries on five continents shows that norms across cultures may not be so different after all.

Better Transportation for a Better City | 02/23/2016
Did you know that the longest traffic jam ever recorded--192 miles--occurred in São Paulo? "Not only would an expansion of the subway system increase the safety and sustainability of the city, but it would improve the city's inclusiveness by addressing social inequality," argues 16-year-old Jack Conway, a São Paulo resident for the past four years.

The Fight Against Climate Change | 02/23/2016
"Climate change is happening," writes 15-year-old Dheera Vuppala. "Nine out of ten scientists say it is. The U.S. has to deal with it, so let's take the proper steps to fight it. Limiting industries' carbon emissions, lowering households' use of electricity, and researching and switching to renewable energy forms are only a few of those steps."

Defining the Undefinable: Gender in Developed Nations | 02/23/2016
"I yearn to live in a society where we can be ourselves without prejudice," writes Se Bin Ahn, a South Korean student. "It is therefore crucial to be on guard for peddlers of pseudo-science, advertising 'brain-based learning theories,' who unwittingly divest us of independence and integrity."

Goals for a Better World: Taking Urgent Action to Combat Climate Change in the United States within the Next 15 Years | 02/23/2016
American student Annabelle Dunbar advocates for the United States and its citizens to begin a transition towards more ecologically and economically sustainable ways of living by turning to alternative sources of energy, implementing more viable innovations, and altering certain lifestyles (including eating less meat).

The Making of Sustainable India | 02/23/2016
"Sustainable development will not be easy. Yet, it is an unavoidable responsibility that is achievable with better planning, stronger policies, and effective execution," writes Indian student Sanyam Khare. "By adopting frugal innovation methods, India can show the world how to do more and better with less."

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