Michael Barnett, Eyewitness to Genocide: The United Nations and Rwanda (Cornell 2002). See the review by Anthony F. Lang, Jr., Ethics & International Affairs 16, no. 1 (2002).

Alex Bellamy, Responsibility to Protect (Polity 2009)

Gareth Evans, The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and For All (Brookings 2008)

Romeo Dallaire, Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda (De Capo 2004). See Carnegie Council Public Affairs talk.

Martha Finnemore, The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs About The Use Of Force (Cornell 2004). See the review by Sophia Cardenas in Ethics & International Affairs 18, no. 1 (2004).

Philip Gourevitch, We Wish to Inform You that Tomorrow We Will Be Killed with Our Families: Stories from Rwanda (Picador 1999)

J. L. Holzgrefe and Robert Keohane, eds., Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas (Cambridge 2003)

Samantha Power, A Problem From Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (Harper Perennial 2007). See the review by Peter Ronayne in Ethics & International Affairs 16, no. 2 (2002) and transcript of a Carnegie Council Public Affairs book talk.

David Rieff, A Bed for the Night: Humanitarianism in Crisis (Princeton 2003). Review by T.K. Vogel available in Ethics & International Affairs 17, no. 1 (2003).

Fiona Terry, Condemned to Repeat? The Paradox of Humanitarian Action (Cornell 2002)

Thomas Weiss, Humanitarian Intervention (Polity 2007)

Jennifer Welsh, ed., Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations (Oxford 2006)

Nicholas Wheeler, Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society (Oxford 2003). See the review by Julie Mertus in Ethics & International Affairs 15, no. 1 (2001).