Global Ethics Corner: "Kony 2012": The Power of Simplicity or the Perils of Oversimplification?

March 16, 2012

To have mass appeal, a global message needs to be clear. But when does a simplified message risk misinforming the public?

The runaway and controversial success of Invisible Children's Kony 2012 documentary demonstrates the challenge of global messaging. Other global campaigns like Save Darfur, Product RED, or even popular movements like Occupy Wall Street face similar challenges. In each case, activists have been accused of oversimplifying complex issues to gain mass appeal.

The uproar has been particularly loud in the case of Invisible Children. Thanks to its 30-minute documentary, Joseph Kony has become a household name. The head of a Ugandan guerilla group, Kony is said to have ordered the abduction of thousands of children to become sex slaves and soldiers. According to the International Criminal Court, he may even be guilty of war crimes.

Yet in raising awareness of Kony's crimes, critics complain that Invisible Children has introduced a misleading good guy-bad guy narrative that risks whitewashing the evils of other players in this story, like the Ugandan government. They also warn that the organization's appeal for donations transforms activism into a mere financial transaction. Ultimately, winning the hearts and dollars of Western sympathizers won't cure Uganda's ills.

For the documentary's supporters, it is the very simplicity of Invisible Children's message that accounts for its appeal. Making the issue more complex would only risk diluting the larger point: that Kony is evil and needs to be stopped. Moreover, portraying the issue as overly complicated could make the problem seem unsolvable. This, advocates warn, is a recipe for inaction.

As Invisible Children continues its campaign, do you think global success has come at the cost of oversimplification? Is this a price worth paying if it leads to Kony's arrest?

By Marlene Spoerri

For more information see

Ethan Zuckerman, "Unpacking Kony 2012," My heart's in Accra, March 8, 2012

Noam Cohen, "A Video Campaign and the Power of Simplicity," The New York Times, March 11, 2012

Photo Credits in order of Appearance:
Jane Rahman [also for picture 11]
Robert Raines
Ally Mauro
Paul Stein
sean dreilinger
Pierre Holtz, UNICEF CAR
Tech. Sgt. Jeremy T. Lock/U.S. Air Force
VOA - I. Broadhead
Adele Booysen
Uncommon Fritillary

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