Ethics & International Affairs Volume 8 (1994): Articles: The Collective Enforcement of International Norms Through Economic Sanctions [Abstract]

Dec 3, 1994

In the less than three-and-a-half year period from the Kuwait crisis to the end of 1993, the UN Security Council adopted sanctions as a means of addressing unrest in Haiti, Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Somalia. Damrosch examines the international community's shift from unilateral to collective enforcement and assesses the moral legitimacy and conclusive results of this policy. Several important questions are addressed: Are sanctions justifiable even if they penalize the civilian populations and not the targeted elites? Are sanctions the best way for the international community to enforce moral and legal norms? Can economic pressure eventually translate into positive political change for the recipients of sanctions? In recognizing the devastating effects of sanctions on civilian populations, Damrosch asks: Do the noble intentions of eliminating military aggression, dictatorships, and genocide justify the devastating hardship of citizens for whom the principled application is sought? When is it politically advantageous for the leading powers to direct sanctions against selected countries rather than employ sanctions on a consistent and internationally agreed upon basis?

To read or purchase the full text of this article, click here.

You may also like

Hillary Clinton at the United Nations Fourth World Congress on Women. Beijing, China, September 1995. <br>CREDIT: <a href=",_China.jpg"> Sharon Farmer/White House Photograph Office</a>/<a href="">Public Domain</a>

NOV 12, 2020 Podcast

The United Nations at 75: Looking Back to Look Forward, Episode 3, with Noeleen Heyzer

In the third episode of "The United Nations at 75: Looking Back to Look Forward," host Margaret P. Karns and Noeleen Heyzer, former executive director of ...

United Nations Environment Programme headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya. CREDIT: Maria Ivanova.

OCT 22, 2020 Podcast

The United Nations at 75: Looking Back to Look Forward, Episode 2, with Maria Ivanova

In the second episode of this podcast series marking the 75th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations, host Margaret Karns, professor emerita at ...

CREDIT: <a href="">Pixabay</a>

AUG 7, 2019 Podcast

AI & Human Rights: The Practical & Philosophical Dimensions, with Mathias Risse

Mathias Risse, director of Harvard Kennedy School's Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, discusses the many connections between artificial intelligence and human rights. From practical ...