Roundtable: Reflections on International Peace
Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 27.2 (Summer 2013)
May 31, 2013
Ethics & International Affairs and Carnegie Council are proud to present a special Centennial roundtable, “Reflections on International Peace,” with contributions from David C. Hendrickson, Akira Iriye, Laura Sjoberg, Nigel Young, and Andrew Hurrell.
International Peace: One Hundred Years On
David C. Hendrickson
Americans have registered one set of lessons too well—those deriving from the 75-year war against German imperialism and Soviet communism. They have forgotten, or want to forget, another set of lessons—those deriving from the history of U.S. involvement in the Philippines and Vietnam, in Nicaragua and Panama, and on to Afghanistan and Iraq.
Peace as a Transnational Theme
To consider war and peace purely in the context of international relations, therefore, is insufficient, even anachronistic. What we need is less an international than a transnational idea of peace.
Concepts of Peace: From 1913 to the Present
The Great War and its imagery imprinted itself on the human imagination. In poetry and prose, photography, art, film, and other modes of expression, its influence on cultural memory and identity, on modern meaning and human sensibility, has been remarkable.
Viewing Peace Through Gender Lenses
Feminist theorizing of peace suggests a number of transformative observations. Feminist perspectives focus a critical lens on the meaning of peace, often making invisible violence visible; help to critically interrogate the role of the United States in furthering "peace" in the international arena; and make different theoretical and policy prescriptions than perspectives that omit gender from their analyses.
Power Transitions, Global Justice, and the Virtues of Pluralism
Today’s optimists stress the degree to which globalization appears much more firmly institutionalized than it was a hundred years ago, the rather striking success of global economic governance in responding to the financial crisis of 2007–2008, and the longer-term trend within international society to move away from major-power war. Pessimists are less sure.
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