Garry Kasparov

Human Rights Foundation; Oxford Martin School

Garry Kasparov is the chairman of the Human Rights Foundation, a senior visiting fellow at the Oxford Martin School, and a former world chess champion.

Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, in the Soviet Union, Kasparov was the youngest world chess champion in history in 1985 at the age of 22. He retired from professional chess in 2005 after a record 20 years as the world’s top-ranked player.

In 2004, Kasparov helped to found the Committee of 2008, a group of Russian freedom advocates and organizations seeking democratic elections. He also created the United Civil Front, a social movement with a mission to prevent Russia from returning to totalitarianism. In 2012, Kasparov was named chairman of the Human Rights Foundation.

He has been a contributing editor at The Wall Street Journal since 1991, and he is a frequent contributor to The New York Times, Financial Times, The Daily Beast, and various other publications. Kasparov is the author of Winter is Coming: Why Vladimir Putin and the Enemies of the Free World Must be Stopped, How Life Imitates Chess, and two series of chess books, My Great Predecessors and Modern Chess.

Last Updated: July 1, 2017