Ethics & International Affairs Volume 36.1 (Spring 2022)

Mar 15, 2022

The editors of Ethics & International Affairs are pleased to present the Spring 2022 issue of the journal!

The highlight of this issue is a roundtable organized by Jesse Kirkpatrick on moral injury, trauma, and war, featuring contributions by Kirkpatrick, Daniel Rothenberg, and David Wood. Additionally, the issue includes feature articles by Yuna Han on the normative questions raised by universal jurisdiction, and by Megan Price on Sri Lanka's challenge to the standing of international humanitarian law. The issue also contains a review essay by Deen Chatterjee on Amartya Sen's memoir Home in the World, and book reviews by Mary Dudziak, Michael Struett, and James Ketterer.


ROUNDTABLE: MORAL INJURY, TRAUMA, AND WAR

Introduction
Jesse Kirkpatrick and Daniel Rothenberg

In August 2021, the United States withdrew from Afghanistan, ending a twenty-year war—the longest in American history. The past two decades of armed conflict, fought in complex environments among civilian populations, provided daily reminders of the ethical complexities of warfare. One concept that provides a promising path for reflection on such complexities is moral injury.

The War Is Over but the Moral Pain Continues
David Wood
This essay discusses the moral pain that many veterans experience in wartime and the vast emptiness they often encounter when their military service ends.

Moral Injury and the Lived Experience of Political Violence
Daniel Rothenberg

This essay argues that moral injury is a useful means of addressing political violence at a societal level. It explores the term's value within international human rights discourse and practice, particularly in efforts to document and analyze the systematic commission of atrocities to achieve accountability and reconciliation.

Moral Injury and Revisionist Just War Theory
Jesse Kirkpatrick
This essay explores the relationship between revisionist just war theory and moral injury. It discusses how philosophical moral injury can inform just war theory.


FEATURES

Should German Courts Prosecute Syrian International Crimes? Revisiting the “Dual Foundation” Thesis
Yuna Han

Should Germany be prosecuting crimes committed in Syria pursuant to universal jurisdiction (UJ)? This article revisits the normative questions raised by UJ—the principle that a state can prosecute serious international crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes committed by foreigners outside of its territories—against the backdrop of increasing European UJ proceedings regarding Syrian conflict–related crimes, focusing on Germany as an illustrative example.

The End Days of the Fourth Eelam War: Sri Lanka's Denialist Challenge to the Laws of War
Megan Price
During the final months of Sri Lanka's 2006–2009 civil war, Sri Lankan armed forces engaged in a disproportionate and indiscriminate shelling campaign against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which culminated in the deaths of tens of thousands of civilians. Drawing on Clark et al.'s concept of denialism, this article details the nature of Sri Lanka's challenge to the standing of international humanitarian law.


REVIEW ESSAY

Identity and Shared Humanity: Reflections on Amartya Sen’s Memoir
Deen Chatterjee
Amartya Sen's memoir Home in the World is a compelling read, giving a fascinating view of the making of the mind of one of the foremost public intellectuals of our time. This essay highlights some of the life experiences and lessons shared in Sen's memoir, grounded in his ideas of identity and shared humanity.


REVIEWS

Humane: How the United States Abandoned Peace and Reinvented War
Samuel Moyn
Review by Mary L. Dudziak

The concept of "forever war" has moved from the margins to the mainstream in recent years. In his important new book Humane: How the United States Abandoned Peace and Reinvented War, Samuel Moyn puts the law of armed conflict at the center of the forever war.

The “Third” United Nations: How a Knowledge Ecology Helps the UN Think
Tatiana Carayannis and Thomas G. Weiss
Review by Michael J. Struett
If the United Nations is to "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, pandemics, and climate change," as Tatiana Carayannis and Thomas G. Weiss put it in The "Third" United Nations, it must succeed at identifying viable global solutions, and solutions that reflect reasonable consideration of perspectives of people all over the earth.

Delta Democracy: Pathways to Incremental Civic Revolution in Egypt and Beyond
Catherine E. Herrold
Review by James Ketterer
Delta Democracy makes important contributions to scholarly literature and to our understanding of international development and foreign policy concerning the complex role of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Egypt and elsewhere.

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