- "Modern Slavery" with Siddharth Kara
In his third book on slavery, which took 16 years of research, Siddharth Kara calculates that there are roughly 31 million slaves worldwide, at least half of them in South Asia. We need to apply much more resources and compassion to end "this horrible indignity."
- Moral Leadership Missing in Burma, with Ambassador Derek Mitchell
Former ambassador to Burma Derek Mitchell examines the complex situation there, including the roots of the ongoing Rohingya crisis and China's influence there. Aung San Suu Kyi is not providing the necessary leadership, he says--despite her constraints she should be speaking out about the Rohingya and about free speech, for example. Nevertheless, she has been given too much flak, and this has become counterproductive.
- Top Carnegie Council Resources, 2017
2017 will be remembered for upheavals across the board and Carnegie Council's audience picks reflect this. Our most popular podcasts and web resources this year focused on shifts in the established geopolitical order; migrants and refugees; and the disruptions brought about by new technologies.
- Rescue: Refugees and the Political Crisis of Our Time, with David Miliband
Today there are 65 million people who have fled their homes because of conflict or persecution, says the International Rescue Committee's David Miliband. These are refugees not economic migrants, and half of them are children. It's a long-term crisis that will last our lifetimes. Why should we care? And what can we do about it, both at a policy level and as individuals?
- The Rohingya Crisis: "Myanmar's Enemy Within" with Francis Wade
Francis Wade, author of "The Enemy Within," a new book on the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar, explains the historical background to the persecution of the Muslim Rohingya minority and gives a first-hand account of the terrible situation now. Has democracy been good for Burma? Will some Rohingya refugees become Islamic extremists?
- After Liberal Hegemony: The Advent of a Multiplex World Order with Amitav Acharya
The liberal order was never truly a global order, and we're not entering a multipolar era either, says Amitav Acharya. It's more accurate to call it a decentered, "multiplex" world, one where there are multiple consequential actors and complex global interdependence. Such a world is an unprecedented phenomenon and globalization will surely change. But it won't necessarily be a period of instability.
- The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World
To mark Carnegie Council's Centennial, Michael Ignatieff and team set out to discover what moral values people hold in common across nations. What he found was that while universal human rights may be the language of states and liberal elites, what resonate with most people are "ordinary virtues" practiced on a person-to-person basis, such as tolerance and forgiveness. He concludes that liberals most focus on strengthening these ordinary virtues.
- The Evolution of Corporate Ethics: A Strategic Case for Profit Maximization through Responsible Behavior
"We are now transitioning from a world where philanthropic social contributions, i.e., Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), influenced behavior, to one where authentic Positive Impact drives behavior," write Ben Ersing and Robert Matus of Palladium International. Change is always difficult, both for individuals and corporations, but there are a handful of visionary leaders showing the way.
- The Driver in the Driverless Car with Vivek Wadhwa
What are the social and ethical implications of new technologies such as widespread automation and gene editing? These innovations are no longer in the realm of science fiction, says entrepreneur and technology writer Vivek Wadhwa. They are coming closer and closer. We need to educate people about them and then come together and and have probing and honest discussions on what is good and what is bad.
- Heidi Grant on U.S. Air Force Global Partnerships
George Washington understood that building capable partners during peacetime can actually prevent war, says Heidi Grant. She is deputy under secretary of the Air Force, International Affairs, an organization which works with over a hundred countries to address shared security challenges. This includes selling them military equipment and increasing their capability to conduct their own ISR: intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
- Conversation with Raymond Kuo: Can Trump be a Bismarck in Asia?
"This has happened before where we've had a great power who is essentially the leader of the international system taking a transactional approach. The closest example would be maybe Bismarck in the 1870s until the eve of World War I. There it worked quite well. . . . The drawbacks of this, of course, are that it is highly unstable."
- The Earth Institute's Steven Cohen Offers Hope for a Sustainable Future
"I still believe that we're heading toward a renewable resource-based economy. I think that it's inevitable," declares Steven Cohen. How will we get there? A combination of market forces as renewables become cheaper, better technology, and the sharing economy.
- Steps To Resolve the Suicide Crisis among India's Farmers
In 2015, government statistics reported that over 12,000 farmers committed suicide, with bankruptcy/indebtedness cited as the top reason for ending their lives, and the numbers continue to increase. Chetan Pedadda and Naveen Kumar Emmadi propose three solutions as steps towards resolving this crisis.
- Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans
"Oceans dominate the world," says Admiral Stavridis. After all, 70 percent of the globe is covered by water. In this masterly overview of the seven seas, he touches on the maritime battles that changed history; current geopolitics from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean; and the fact that environmentally, the oceans are "the largest crime scene in the world."
- The Coming War with China? The Ethics of Confrontation in the Pacific
Are the United States and China on the brink of war? Can the two nations avoid miscalculation and instead find common ground? Find out what this expert panel has to say.
- Democracy and the Deep State in Myanmar
In this fascinating interview, Maureen Aung-Thwin, founder of the Burma Project at Open Society Foundations, describes how the Project helped Burma's transition to democracy starting in 1993, and what the situation is today. Our aim was to put ourselves out of a job, says Aung-Thwin, and you could say we succeeded--but there's still a lot of work to do.
- The Intersection of Religion, Identity, and Peacemaking with Rev. Robert Chase
Rev. Robert Chase has spent 10 years as director of Intersections International, working "to bring disparate groups together in search of peaceful and socially just resolution to long-held conflicts." In this wide-ranging talk, he discusses his time in Pakistan and Kazakhstan, working with New York's Muslim community, and how then-Senator Obama inspired him in 2004.
- Easternization: Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond
"Financial Times" chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman says, "We've reached the point where the West's grip on world affairs begins to loosen." China's economic rise is, indeed, a big reason for this shift, but how do Brexit, Crimea, and "red lines" fit into the story? What will be the effect on Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa?
- A Question of Order: India, Turkey, and the Return of Strongmen
Journalist Basharat Peer recounts the rise of two strongmen: Erdogan in Turkey and Modi in India. What they have in common "is a lack of concern or respect for all liberal democratic values, whether it's rule of law, dissent, freedom of expression, or the rights of minorities."
- Pankaj Mishra on our "Age of Anger"
"I think the reason why so many people feel angry and disaffected is that too much has been promised to them in recent decades and the globalized economy has not delivered to large numbers of people on these promises," says Pankaj Mishra, in this discussion about his very timely book, "Age of Anger: A History of the Present."
- Rekindling Nationalism through Symbolism: Asset or Hindrance to Globalism?
Globalization is a forum, a union of the world's nations to collaborate as a family. However, for all to be heard, all must be on a level playing field. Developing nations like India require citizens to work together to reach the goal of an equal say. Hence for India, nationalism--a cultural unification to rekindle the sense of belonging and confidence--is indispensable.
- Shalini Kantayya: The Intersection of Ethics, the Environment, & Economics
"I think we as a movement have not done a good job of making climate change a kitchen-table issue, of making this an economic issue for working families, and that is what it is. This is about taking money from the 1 percent and putting it in the hands of the many," says filmmaker Shalini Kantayya.
- Carnegie Council and the New Administration
Other organizations will no doubt focus on analyses of leadership style, rhetoric, and political conflict. At Carnegie Council, we will focus on the ethical principles at stake in the actual policies of the new administration--specifically its foreign policy. We are following three policy areas closely: alliances, climate, and free speech.
- Will Trump be a "Madman" in Asia?
Are there advantages to Trump being seen as an unpredictable "madman" when dealing with Asia, as Nixon was once described in relation to Vietnam? Or will it just make things worse? Devin Stewart discusses Trump's potential foreign policy approaches to Asia with former State Department official Daniel Markey.
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Resources, 2016
In a year that will be remembered as era-defining, Carnegie Council's most popular 2016 podcasts and web resources focused on Asia, Russia, human rights, technology, and the fight against terrorism. Check out this varied list, which gives you an idea of the scope of the Council's work.
- Donald Trump. . . . . Commander-in-Chief
Donald Trump is now president-elect. Despite the bitter opposition that occurred throughout the campaign, all Americans should want him to be successful. This is particularly true for his most important role as commander-in-chief, as he must deal with a variety of significant threats.
- Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle over Islam Is Reshaping the World
Many liberals hope that Islam will follow the same trajectory as Christianity and the West: a reformation and eventually secularization. But we should beware of assuming that all societies will follow the same path, says Shadi Hamid. Indeed, he has come to the reluctant conclusion that Islam will be resistant to secularization for a long time to come.
- Southeast Asia—The Islamic State's New Front?
From Bangladesh to the Philippines, the Islamic State's efforts to win over South and Southeast Asians have been substantial and have increased over the past two years. What have been the results across the region, home to the largest number of Muslims in the world? What does the future hold?
- Instagram Take-Over #10: Kashmir Photo Series by Ahmer Khan
Kashmir has been a flashpoint between India and Pakistan for over six decades. The violence in the area is the worst it has been since 2010, and the protests have triggered a heavy crackdown by Indian government forces, including strict curfews. Ahmer Khan is an independent documentary photographer based in Kashmir. Check out his moving photos.
- Top 10 Podcasts for the 2015-16 Carnegie Council Program Year
Topics for the top 10 podcasts span the globe, and include Chinese immigrants in New York, India's Constitution, U.S-Russian relations, the future of technology, the teachings of Buddha, and the intricacies of global tax avoidance. Quite a varied collection!
- Instagram Take-Over #7: Arati Kumar-Rao, Climate Change and South Asian Ecosystem
Due to climate change, a huge oil spill, and piracy, life is hard for the fisherfolk in the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans on the India-Bangladesh border. Arati Kumar-Rao, an independent photographer and journalist based in Bangalore, documents this region in a series featured as Carnegie Council's seventh Instagram take-over.
- Sujata Gadkar-Wilcox on Political Responsibility in India and the United States
What do citizens living in a democracy owe their country in terms of upholding its values and laws? Both Gandhi and Obama emphasize the importance of individual responsibility, which has to go beyond just voting, says Gadkar-Wilcox. Don't miss this fascinating discussion on Indian and U.S. perspectives, both historically and in today's fraught politics.
- The Lonely Resistance: Protesting Chinese Resource Exploitation on the Tibetan Plateau
China has dammed every major river in Tibet with many more dams in the planning stage. This and the pollution of waters through mining have created serious problems for Tibetans and those in neighboring countries. Despite political repression and profound isolation, Tibetans are struggling to make these dire conditions known to the rest of the world.
- Winners of the 2015 International Student Photo Contest on Climate Change
Carnegie Council congratulates the winners of the 2015 International Student Photo Contest. The topic was climate change. We asked contestants to send us examples of climate change OR examples of combating or adapting to climate change. See all the winning photos here.
- Sujata Gadkar-Wilcox Discusses the Indian Constitution
Quinnipiac professor Sujata Gadkar-Wilcox recently spent three months researching the Indian Constitution in Delhi. In this talk, she details the document's framework, its main architect B. R. Ambedkar, and why it is the world's longest constitution. Is it revered, like its American counterpart? What are some of the constitutional debates in India today?
- Back to the Future? Battlefield Nuclear Weapons in South Asia
In this information-filled talk, Jeff McCausland, a retired U.S. Army colonel, explains why the India/Pakistan border may be the most dangerous place on the planet. With nuclear weapons, a contentious history, and world powers vying for influence, a crisis could easily escalate to a "catastrophic" level. Are there lessons to be learned from the Cold War?
- Afghanistan and Pakistan: The Re-emergence of the Taliban and the Arrival of ISIS
Ahmed Rashid and Barnett Rubin dissect the complicated situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan--a region of many competing terrorist groups--and also comment on ISIS in the Middle East and Europe. ISIS is actually a war within Islam, declares Rashid, and the West's main task should be to help mobilize and unite the Muslim world to fight it.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Gandhi"
This film is a textbook on Gandhi's political philosophy and the Indian quest for statehood. And for many, Ben Kingsley's performance in the title role, which won him an Oscar and worldwide fame, is THE definitive portrayal of the man.
- Migrant Deaths Worldwide
There is no going back to a world in which migration can be prevented. The only solution to the global crisis of migrant deaths is to merge humanitarian efforts to aid and rescue migrants with coordinated, cooperative efforts to open safe, long-term migration channels throughout regions, and even the world.
- Militarization in India & Beyond: Suchitra Vijayan & the Borderlands Project
What's it like to live in a disputed, militarized border region with a tangled history? In this fascinating podcast, Carnegie New Leader Suchitra Vijayan discusses two such places: Arunachal Pradesh, which lies along the Tibet/India border, and the much fought-over Kashmir. She also talks about her 2009 trip across Sudan.
- Clip of the Month: I. Glenn Cohen on the Ethics of Medical Tourism
Harvard Law professor Glenn Cohen, the author of "Patients With Passports," details some of the moral considerations to keep in mind about traveling to a foreign country to get an organ transplant, including unexpected post-operative regret from the donor.
- The Business of Humanitarian Aid and Philanthropy: A Case Study
By using a single organization, SaveLIFE Foundation in India, as a case study, this episode of Impact explores how NGOs in emerging markets adopt business language, metrics, and strategy, and what that says about our society's approach to humanitarian work.
- Citizenship, Identity, and Conflict in South Asia's Borderlands
The intrepid Suchitra Vijayan is working on a 9,000-mile journey through South Asia, which has taken her to Afghanistan and Pakistan, the disputed territory of Kashmir, and India's borders with Burma and China. What has she learned so far about the effects of borders on human lives?
- Crisis Breeds Opportunity for Worker Safety and Global Labor Rights
Tragic incidents in Bangladesh brought the issue of labor rights to the global stage once again. What are some new approaches to keeping factory workers safe? What is the role of different actors in taking responsibility for workplace conditions?
- The Awakening of Muslim Democracy: New Book by Global Ethics Fellow Jocelyne Cesari
Why and how did Islam become such a political force in so many Muslim-majority countries? Cesari investigates the relationship between modernization, politics, and Islam in Muslim-majority countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Tunisia, and Turkey--countries that were founded by secular rulers and have since undergone secularized politics.
- Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific
No wonder the South China Sea is important to China, says Robert Kaplan. It's the Mediterranean of Asia, the center of international commerce, including energy shipments. Plus, if the Chinese control it and thus gain access to the Indian Ocean, China will have a two-ocean navy, transforming it in military terms from a regional power into a world power.
- Climate Change Mitigation, Peacebuilding, and Resilience
How are our efforts to reduce the impact of climate change affecting post-conflict societies? Drawing on his empirical data on micro hydropower development in post-conflict Nepal, Florian Krampe investigates whether climate change mitigation contributes to peacebuilding there. The results are nuanced and rather unexpected.
- "War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh
As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
- Thought Leader: Chan Heng Chee
"Globally, have we reached a point where we accept that genocide is not acceptable? I think we have. But what to do about it is something different. I'm not sure that, while we know what we have to do, the wherewithal is there, the resources are there, the will is there to deal with some of the larger egregious behavior in the world."
- Thought Leader: Fazle Hasan Abed
Fazle Hasan Abed is the founder of BRAC, the world's largest non-governmental development organization, measured by the number of employees and the number of people it has helped. He discusses what he sees as the greatest challenges facing us today: poverty, gender equality, and curbing consumption in order to save the planet.
- Book Review: Colored Cosmopolitanism: The Shared Struggle for Freedom in the United States and India
"South Asians and African Americans learned from each other in ways that not only advanced their respective struggles for freedom but helped define what freedom could and should mean," argues historian Nico Slate in his debut book.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "The Island President"
As "The Island President" makes clear, it is impossible to overstate the catastrophic effect global warming will have on the Maldives. During the 2009 Copenhagen Summit, an interviewer asked Mohamed Nasheed, the country's president, what Plan B is for the Indian Ocean archipelago. Without missing a beat, Nasheed answered, "None. We will all die."
- Sir Adam Roberts on "Democracy, Sovereignty and Terror"
Roberts discusses his book on Sri Lankan statesman Lakshman Kadirgamar, who fought against the terrorism of the Tamil Tigers and was assassinated by them in 2005. Roberts also answers questions about the legacy of colonialism and about his work and thoughts on civil resistance and nonviolence.
- Human Trafficking Around the World: Hidden in Plain Sight
Victims of trafficking are both young and old, male and female. They can be found working in factories, fields, brothels, private homes, and innumerable other settings. They may be hidden behind walls or seen in plain view. How can trafficking be stopped?
- The World of Wal-Mart
With the deadly April 2013 collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh, once again the spotlight is on multi-national companies like Wal-Mart, whose production is often out-sourced to factories with substandard conditions. As usual, there are promises of reforms, along with denials of culpability. But will the world of Wal-Mart ever change?
- Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles
Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
- Public Affairs: China's Search for Security
In this masterly and comprehensive talk, Andrew Nathan looks at the world from Beijing's viewpoint and sees a very challenging environment for China. He identifies four rings of security concerns: inside China's territory; its 24 surrounding countries; six regional systems; and the rest of the world.
- The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World
As more people become prosperous and interstate conflicts diminish, there is a convergence between East and West, says Kishore Mahbubani. Now we have to change our mindset accordingly and act as one united world on issues such as climate change. One important step is to reform the UN.
- A Fragile New Burma
Back from a recent fact-finding trip to Burma, veteran Asia correspondent Barbara Crossette reports on the complex situation there. People have high hopes for more openness and prosperity, yet there is a total lack of infrastructure, several serious religious ethnic conflicts, and some simmering doubts about the leadership capabilities of icon Aung San Suu Kyi.
- The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics
In the Cold War, the path to nuclear war always led through Moscow and Washington. In the second nuclear age the triggers to nuclear war are in Tel Aviv, Islamabad, Pyongyang, and in the future possibly Tehran, and possibly in other places too, because you can start a nuclear war even if you don't have nuclear weapons.
- Talibanistan: Negotiating the Borders Between Terror, Politics, and Religion
"Talibanistan" is the nickname for the embattled territory from Kandahar in Afghanistan to Pakistan's Northwest Frontier Province and Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Two experts explode some of the myths about Afghanistan and discuss the U.S. presence there, both past and future.
- Public Affairs: America in the 21st Century: A View from Asia
The good, the bad, and the ugly: distinguished Singaporean Kishore Mahbubani politely but firmly tells Americans how Asians see them, and warns, "the world that is coming is a world outside your comfort zones."
- Is the World Becoming More Peaceful?
In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
- From the Ruins of Empire: The Intellectuals Who Remade Asia
Pankaj Mishra explores the little-known history of the first generation of Asian intellectuals, such as China's Liang Qichao and the Persian political activist al-Afghani, and discusses how their ideas influenced Asia's postcolonial state-building programs.
- Thought Leader: Nobuo Tanaka
"It is amazing that more than 2 billion people do not have access to electricity. All people equally have a right to have a very healthy and comfortable life. Access to energy, access to electricity, is a very important part of the issue that we have to tackle."
- Confronting Youth Unemployment
With an unemployment rate three times higher than that of adults, there are 75 million youth worldwide looking for work. International Labour Organization head Juan Somavia gives his take and Indian employer Rahul Mirchandani speaks about training youth for the workforce.
- The Phone Hacking Scandal: Global Implications
The UK hacking scandal was a major breach of law and ethics. Yet too extreme a backlash runs the risk of throwing the baby out with the bathwater, and any legislative or regulatory changes in the UK could also have consequences for international freedom of the press.
- Pax Ethnica: Where and How Diversity Succeeds
The headlines are full of stories of deep-simmering hatreds and ethnic strife. How about some good news for a change? Historians Meyer and Brysac explore places where diversity is actually working, from Kerala to Queens. What can we learn from these "oases of civility"?
- Global Ethics Corner: When Are Drones Strikes Ethical?
President Obama's top counterterrorism adviser recently defended drone strikes, saying they are legal, wise, and moral. But, citing international law, many critics question this approach, especially in a non-combat zone like Pakistan. Is it ethically problematic to rely on drone strikes?
- Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan, and Afghanistan
Courageous journalist Ahmed Rashid discusses the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan as the U.S. approaches its scheduled withdrawal in 2014. He goes on to analyze the deepening crisis in Pakistan, which he considers to be even worse.
- No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn
How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
- UN Population Fund Report
Now that the population has reached seven billion, most of the focus is on the numbers. In this report, however, Crossette explores individual stories around the world to shed light on such issues as aging populations, migration, and the desire of women for family planning.
- Entering India: Creating an Ethical Multicultural Business
In this interactive, case-based workshop, CEO Ashok Vasudevan shares how he bought a failing company and turned it into an ethical, innovative, and highly successful business. Although the business is in India, he points out that the ethical issues are universal.
- The Unraveling: Pakistan in the Age of Jihad
U.S. Foreign Service officer John Schmidt explains how the complex, dangerous relationship between the leaders of Pakistan and various jihadist groups came about, and how it all began to unravel after 9/11.
- Global Ethics Corner: China's Aircraft Carrier: Who Rules the Waves?
Is a far-reaching Chinese navy a threat to American naval superiority or to the West? Is China simply a major power, peacefully rising and pursuing its natural national interests? Perhaps, ruling the waves doesn’t have the same importance in the 21st century? What do you think?
- Does the Elephant Dance?: Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy
Former Canadian High Commissioner to India David Malone gives a comprehensive survey of contemporary Indian foreign policy. He begins by focusing on India's geography, history, and capability, and covers relations with the U.S., China, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
- What Should be the Next Phase in U.S.-Russia Relations?
Reflecting on U.S.-Russia relations, Thomas Graham and Nikolas Gvosdev agree that there is an urgent need to find a common strategic purpose that suits the interests of both the U.S. and Russia.
- Ethics Matter: Microfinance Pioneer Susan Davis
Microfinance started as a movement for social justice and women's equality and gave birth to an industry, says Davis. This gave rise to scale, efficiency, and large numbers of people being served--over 150 million of the world's poorest households.
- Anatol Lieven on Pakistan
Pakistan expert Anatol Lieven unravels Pakistan's troubled and complex relationships with the U.S., Afghanistan, the Taliban, and its own army--and adds a special note on what bin Laden's death means for U.S.-Pakistan relations.
- Swan Paik on Nike Foundation and the Girl Effect
Women and girls are a powerful accelerator for change, says Nike Foundation's Swan Paik. By allowing girls to fall through irreversible trap doors in adolescence, the world is missing out on the tremendous potential that they have to offer.
- Behind the Headlines: Pakistan
With its mix of militants, nuclear weapons, and chronic domestic unrest, Pakistan's problems have implications for the entire world. Prize-winning author and journalist Ahmed Rashid gives a chilling account of the situation in his homeland.
- The Future of Power
"In the information age, the mark of a great power is not just whose army wins, but also whose story wins," says Joseph Nye. This talk includes his thoughts on China, Egypt, Afghanistan, Iran, and more.
- Just Business: Susan Davis on Business Solutions to Fight Poverty
"Although there is no magic bullet, social entrepreneurship unlocks everybody's ability to be a change maker and to participate in the solutions to their own problems," says Susan Davis of BRAC, the world's largest development agency and a microfinance pioneer.
- Suicide Terror and the Preoccupation with Occupation
According to Robert Pape, suicide bombers the world over are not motivated by religion; they are all secular nationalists resisting foreign occupation. Is there really a single explanation? Erik Schechter disagrees and musters evidence to prove it.
- Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power
Robert D. Kaplan declares that the Indian Ocean area will be the true nexus of world power and conflict in the coming years and it is here that U.S. foreign policy must concentrate if America is to remain dominant in an ever-changing world.
- Pakistan, the United States, and the West: David Speedie Interviews Anatol Lieven
Anatol Lieven discusses Pakistan's surprising degree of stability; the role of the army and ISI; the drug trade; and Pakistan's relationship with the U.S., Afghanistan, and other countries, including India, China, and Russia.
- On Amartya Sen and "The Idea of Justice" [Full Text]
"The Idea of Justice" summarizes and extends many of the themes Amartya Sen has been engaged with for the last quarter century: economic versus political rights, cultural relativism and the origin of notions such as human rights, and entitlements and their relation to gender equality.
- The Ethical Implications of Sea-Level Rise Due to Climate Change [Abstract]
Does humanity have a moral obligation toward the estimated millions of individuals who will be displaced from their homes over the course of this century primarily due to sea-level rise as the earth's climate warms? What form should these actions take?
- Captive: My Time as a Prisoner of the Taliban
Journalist Jere Van Dyk tells of his decades-long involvement with Afghanistan, and gives a harrowing account of his 2008 kidnapping and imprisonment by the Taliban in the no-man's land between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- The Responsibility to Protect—Five Years On [Abstract]
States' Responsibility to Protect vulnerable populations has become a prominent feature in international debates about preventing genocide and mass atrocities and about protecting potential victims. But profound disagreements persist about RtoP's function, meaning, and proper use.
- Devin Stewart Interviews Unmesh Brahme, Cofounder of the Climate Civics Institute
Unmesh Brahme of HSBC India discusses his newly-launched Climate Civics Institute, which grew out of a Yale World Fellowship. The Institute's mission is to create climate adaptation communities worldwide, so that their experiences can lead to policy innovations.
- The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities Are Reshaping the World
Ben Wildavsky shows how international competition for the brightest minds is transforming the world of higher education, and why this revolution should be welcomed, not feared.
- Rise of the Rest
The Council's "Rise of the Rest" project focuses not on decline of existing powers but on the emergence of others. The U.S. should accept these developments for what they are, recognize the interests of others, and see opportunity for burden sharing rather than threat to primacy.
- The Politics of Happiness: What the Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being
How can governments use the latest research on well-being to improve the quality of life for all their citizens? What role can government policy play in creating individual happiness?
- How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace
Diplomatic engagement with rivals, far from being appeasement, is critical to rapprochement between adversaries, says Charles Kupchan, and diplomacy, not economic interdependence, creates the path to peace.
- Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization
Everything hinges on water; it is essential to life and to civilization. Will there be enough fresh water for 9 billion of us by 2050? In this talk, journalist Steven Solomon discusses the impending global water crisis.
- Taming the Gods: Religion and Democracy on Three Continents
Focusing on Muslims in Europe, Ian Buruma argues that religions (including Islam) and liberal democracies are compatible, despite many peoples' fears. Democracy allows space for religion as long as believers obey their society's laws.
- Darrel Moellendorf on the Climate Change Negotiations in Copenhagen
Darrel Moellendorf (author of "Treaty Norms and Climate Change Mitigation") discusses what happened in Copenhagen and what it means for future negotiations on climate change.
- Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What it Will Mean for Our World
The real key to bringing economic and political change to the Muslim world is capitalism, says Vali Nasr. Entrepreneurial middle classes the world over have a stake in the system and are more interested in economic success than religious extremism.
- Afghanistan Briefing
"Afghanistan makes Iraq look easy," says U.S. Army Colonel (Ret.) Senior Fellow Dr. McCausland. His comprehensive and evenhanded briefing analyzes the situation on the ground and the possible consequences of sending more troops.
- Future Challenges: The UN and the UNA. David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Miller
President and CEO of the UN Association of the USA, Ambassador Miller discusses the U.S. role in the world and the power of grass roots commitment. Citizens can change policy by reminding leaders of their obligations on issues such as climate change.
- Pakistani, Afghan, and Iranian Factors of Influence on the Central Asian Region
This article is an attempt to define the possibilities for changing the disconnect between the U.S. and Russia which limits the potential for cooperation between the two nations on Afghan, Pakistani and Iranian issues.
- Get out of the GWOT
Despite Obama's promises of change, U.S. defense policy is geared almost exclusively to a dangerous counter-insurgency posture designed to prevent a new 9/11. It's time to mount a full frontal attack on the crass ignorance inherent in the GWOT concept.
- The Afghan Challenge
Rebuilding Afghanistan will be a long process, says Stewart, and so our presence there needs to be much lighter. It's inconceivable that for the next 30-40 years we can sustain annual investments of $85 billion and up and maintain 90,000 troops.
- The Accidental Guerrilla: Fighting Small Wars in the Midst of a Big One
Have U.S. actions in the "war on terror" blurred the distinction between local and global struggles? How can the U.S. develop strategies that deal with global threats, avoid local conflicts where possible, and win them where necessary?
- Barbara Crossette Interviews Nandan Nilekani
Journalist Barbara Crossette talks to Indian software entrepreneur Nandan Nilekani about his book, "Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation." Their topics include politics, philanthropy, and India's role in the world.
- Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation
Nandan Nilekani argues that India's recent economic boom has triggered tremendous social, political, and cultural change. He discusses India's challenges and advantages, such as its current "demographic dividend"--a large population of working age.
- How to Deal with Pakistan after Mumbai
Despite their mutual antipathy, Pakistan's stability is in India's national interest. A stable Indian subcontinent is in America's strategic interest. And for all its limitations the new Pakistani government is a potential partner in this process.
- The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century
George Friedman, founder and CEO of Strategic Forecasting, Inc., asks: What's in store during this new century? Which nations will gain and lose power? How will new technologies change the way we live? He has some predictions that may surprise you.
- The Rise of the Rest II: How the Ascent of Russia and China Affects Global Business and Security
From economic growth to cultural exports, the global distribution of power is shifting from "the West" to the rest of the world. This panel addresses the effects of this emerging new reality.
- The Economic and Strategic Rise of China and India: Asian Realignments after the 1997 Financial Crisis
David Denoon argues that although China's rise has received much attention, much less has been given to the relative decline of the Pacific Rim states or the rapid rise of India's economic and strategic position.
- Descent into Chaos: The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia
"Almost every single important extremist leader is living on the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan," says Ahmed Rashid. Compared to this threat, Iraq is a sideshow.
- "The Clash Within: Religion, Violence, and India's Future" [Full Text]
Nussbaum argues that her contribution is as that of a loudspeaker, since she feels that Indian developments are wrongly ignored in the United States and Europe.
- Pakistan: The Struggle Between Politics and Extremism
Created as a Muslim state 60 years ago this August, Pakistan is in crisis, wrestling with Draconian laws, the conflict between secularism and Islam, and an increasing terrorist threat. Ahmed Rashid, author of "Taliban," analyses the situation.
- The Elephant, the Tiger, and the Cell Phone: Reflections on India, the Emerging 21st-Century Power
Diversity, says Shashi Tharoor, is the very essence and strength of India. Rather than a melting pot, it is more like an Indian "thali," with each dish separate but combining in the mouth to make a harmonious whole.
- Hog Pilots, Blue Water Grunts: The American Military in the Air, at Sea, and on the Ground
The Pacific is no longer an American lake, says Robert Kaplan, and with the rise of China and India, we should accept that we are moving once again towards a multipolar world.
- Children and Armed Conflict: Sri Lanka, a Case in Point
There are now 250,000-300,000 child soldiers, deployed in 20 countries across three continents. Allan Rock discusses the UN's efforts to change this, with special reference to Sri Lanka.
- The Clash Within: Democracy, Religious Violence, and India's Future
The Hindu right poses a threat to India's secular democracy, says Martha Nussbaum, and this example of the impact of religious nationalism is relevant to democracies everywhere.
- Energy Security in the Gulf and the Growing Importance of "the East"
The panelists discuss newly emerging relationships between the Persian Gulf States and India, two regions with close ties for millennia, and which have increasingly convergent trade and strategic interests.
- Frontline Pakistan: The Struggle with Militant Islam
This is a tense time in Pakistan and Afghanistan, says Zahid Hussain. The Pakistan intelligence service and militant Islam are connected, Musharraf is walking a tightrope, and the Taliban is back in force in Afghanistan.
- In Spite of the Gods: The Strange Rise of Modern India
Edward Luce argues that despite problems such as poverty and corruption, India is undergoing an extraordinary transformation, emerging as an economic powerhouse and an important geopolitical force.
- Van Dyk Diary: Baluchistan, Pakistan
Baluchistan borders on Afghanistan and Iran. In the past it was a haven for the Mujahideen; now it harbors the Taliban and perhaps al-Qaeda.
- ROUNDTABLE: Baluchistan and the War on Terror
Is the rugged province of Baluchistan a haven for al-Qaeda and the Taliban? How do Pakistanis and Afghans view the situation there?
- Van Dyk Diary: Islamabad, Karachi, and Peshawar
Jere Van Dyk reports on the mood in Pakistan and the situation in the border areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan, scene of several aerial attacks on villages by the CIA and the Pakistan government.
- Van Dyk Diary: Ramadan in Peshawar
Jere Van Dyk returns to his old haunts in Peshawar and is awed by the faith that permeates life there. Yet violence is just beneath the surface. He talks to one Afghan who has once again become a guerrilla leader, and another who was wrongfully imprisoned in Guantanamo.
- The Council Salutes Muhammad Yunus, Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
Muhammad Yunus and the organization he founded, Grameen Bank, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on October 13, 2006. They pioneered microcredit loans—small loans extended to those too poor to qualify for regular bank loans—which are helping millions to help themselves.
- Can Cultural Values Save the Environment?
Drawing from the book "Forging Environmentalism," which focuses on China, India, the United States, and Japan, a panel of experts discusses the social and cultural values that people bring to bear on environmental problems.
- Shopping for Bombs: Nuclear Proliferation, Global Insecurity, and the Rise and Fall of A. Q. Khan's Nuclear Network
"Khan has wreaked havoc on attempts to restrain the spread of nuclear technology," says Gordon Corera. "He has lowered the barriers of entry for the nuclear game. He has irreversibly changed the mechanics of supply and demand, and left a really damaging legacy."
- Chapter 3 Rethinking Indian Environmentalism
This chapter from Forging Environmentalism describes two case studies in India: air pollution control in Delhi and fisheries management in Kerala.
- Three Billion New Capitalists: The Great Shift of Wealth and Power to the East
Economist Clyde Prestowitz believes that the United States is sliding toward economic decline under globalization, arguing that these trends are creating not only increased economic strength in Asia, but also geopolitical power.
- Workers' Rights and Pollution Control in Delhi
According to Kelly D. Alley and Daniel Meadows, India's judicial efforts to protect the "right to life" by shutting down and relocating polluting industries in Delhi have marginalized, displaced, or dispossessed thousands of the city's working poor.
- Nehru: The Invention of India
Shashi Tharoor assesses the legacy of Nehru, the man who "through his writings, his speeches, his leadership,...invented India in an extraordinary way."
- Environmental Values, Policy, and Conflict in India
Many think that Indian environmentalism arose in opposition to an anti-environmental government (as well as, at an earlier point, British colonial rule), leading to "a backward-thinking anti-ecological state and a pro-environmental civil society." In fact, what is really taking place is "a battle between two [strands] of environmental discourse," argues Shiv Visvanathan.
- Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India
Why are some cities in India rife with ethnic conflict whereas others are not? According to Varshney, a city's proneness to violence is directly linked to its level of civic integration.
- Sectarian Violence in India: The Story of the One Riot
In this talk, Shashi Tharoor discusses his latest novel, based on a series of religious riots in India in the late 1980s and addressing issues of communal tension in that country.
- Balancing Population Concerns with Women's Rights
India's population policy has adopted a human rights language. But, as Rachel Kumar explains, women's reproductive rights are still in danger
- The Camera Never Lies: Trauma in Sri Lanka
Is there a condition that may be called collective trauma? Arjuna Parakrama thinks so. He has filmed his fellow Sri Lankans discussing the impact of nearly 20 years of civil war on their nation's sense of well-being.
- Women's Rights in the Context of Insurgency: A Report from Northeast India
India’s Northeast is under a near-constant state of emergency, with tensions frequently erupting between locals and the Indian security forces. L. Anna Pinto examines role and contribution women's rights can have in this hostile region.
- Annotated Resource Links: A Comparative Study of Values in Environmental Policy Making in China, India, Japan, and the U.S.A. (2000)
Useful links on the subject of the environment to academic programs, NGOs, governmental organizations, funding, journal, and online resources.
- Human Rights, Soccer Balls, and Better Business Practices
Reebok has sought a solution that reflects its long-standing commitment to human rights and its own human rights standards by implementing many different programs in Pakistan.
- The Ethics of Excess and Indian Intervention in South Asia [Abstract]
India has promoted its power through intervention in neighboring countries under the cloak of morality. The United States, Great Britain, and Russia have nonetheless tacitly endorsed India's role as the policing force in the region. Does this recognition justify India's actions toward its weaker and smaller neighbors?
- India's Nuclear Tests: The Consequences for International Security (Case Study #19)
Nuclear testing in South Asia broke the global norm against proliferation and testing. How did India's rejection of the NPT and CTBT impact the cause of disarmament? What can the international community do to further disarmament?
- The Two-headed Problem of Asian Hydropolitics: Security and Scarcity
With the Tibetan plateau serving as a third pole of available water, and the rift widening between China and the Dalai Lama's government in exile, it is high time that innovative strategies be considered for conflict resolution and water scarcity in Asia.