- Virtual Reality for Social Good, with Jeremy Bailenson
In this fascinating conversation, Jeremy Bailenson, director of Stanford University's Virtual Human Interaction Lab, describes how virtual reality (VR) can be used as a force for good. By immersing people in experiences they wouldn't otherwise have, such as the disastrous effects of climate change or the struggles of refugees, they can be galvanized to tackle problems that previously seemed remote and abstract.
- Trump and the Intelligence Community: The View from a Former CIA Analyst
Eisenstat spent most of her government career in the background, but Trump's unorthodox CIA address convinced her to add to the public discourse in "a calm and credible way." In this talk, she discusses her powerful "New York Times" editorial, the dangers of an executive/intelligence community rift, and why this is a complicated time for government employees.
- A Conversation on Climate Change & Forced Displacement with David Sussman
Conflict and war are often talked about as main drivers of forced displacement, but researcher David Sussman also points to climate change and consumerism as major factors. How is this playing out in Latin America and the Pacific islands? And, in regards to these issues, what can we expect from the Trump administration?
- Managing Resource Conflict with a Human Rights Approach
Earth Institute research scientist Joshua Fisher explores the links between natural resource management, conflict, and climate change in this conversation with Senior Fellow Devin Stewart. With a focus on gold mining in Papua New Guinea, how can governments, corporations, and citizens work together to build trust?
- Measuring Positive and Negative Peace with the Global Peace Index
If you're running a business you need metrics to succeed, and it's the same with peace, says Steve Killelea, founder of the Global Peace Index. The Index provides empirical ways to measure both "negative peace"--the absence of violence and fear of violence--and "positive peace"-- attitudes, institutions, and structures which create and sustain peace.
- Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism
ISIS consists of three interlocked threats and is quite different from al-Qaeda, says counterterrorism authority David Kilcullen. To come up with a workable strategy going forward, we have to understand exactly what went wrong in the years since 9/11 and admit that everyone bears part of the blame, from "reckless" Bush to "feckless" Obama.
- Winners of the 2015 International Student Photo Contest on Climate Change
Carnegie Council congratulates the winners of the 2015 International Student Photo Contest. The topic was climate change. We asked contestants to send us examples of climate change OR examples of combating or adapting to climate change. See all the winning photos here.
- Ethical Leadership: A Conversation with Chuck Hagel
The one constant in Chuck Hagel's varied and pressure-filled career has been ethical leadership. How have his experiences--in war, the boardroom, Congress, and as secretary of defense--shaped his leadership style?
- Global Ethics and the Point of View of the Universe
Sidgwick's concept of looking at issues from "the point of view of the universe"--in other words, giving equal weight to everyone's interests, irrespective of who they are, now or in future--can be the basis for a global ethic, says utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer. He goes on to explain what this means for all of us in practical, concrete terms.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "The Fifth Estate"
"The Fifth Estate" tells the story of Julian Assange and his Wikileaks organization. Since the story is still ongoing, was it too early to make this film? What are Assange's motives--ethics, self-agrandizement, or both? How accurate is the film? At this point, perhaps only the two main characters know for sure.
- Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism
Journalists sorely need more expertise in the topics they report on, such as business, education and geopolitics, says Thomas Patterson, Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press at Harvard. For unless they know their subject area well, they are vulnerable to their sources and their reporting may be skewed or incomplete.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Argo"
"Argo," which tells the story of a creative and daring escape from revolution-era Iran, won the Oscar for Best Picture and was a resounding commercial and critical success. Yet the film has angered diplomats and governments from New Zealand to Iran. Was "Argo" too well done for its own good?
- Ethics, International Relations, and Global Environmental Governance
Lorraine Elliott's recent lecture in Singapore drew on more than a decade of work to canvass ways in which we might understand--and indeed make sense of--the links between ethics and global justice, key organizing principles in international relations, and a critical-practical politics of global environmental governance.
- Boat Migrants to Australia Deserve Their Refugee Rights
Asylum seekers who come to Australia by boat have been accused of jumping the queue in the immigration process, but are they really gaining an unfair advantage?
- Technology for Development: Why Training Trumps Technology
An innovative project is bringing a "Solar-Computer-Lab-in-a-Box," along with solar-powered Internet, to a tiny, off-the-grid Pacific island. But while the technology is exciting, it's not enough. For projects of this kind to be sustainable, training, skill-building, and partnering are equally important.
- The Business of Peace
Is it possible to quantify peace? Australian entrepreneur Steve Killelea found a correlation between peace and business and at Stanford's Peace Innovation Lab, researcher Mark Nelson and lab director Margarita Quihuis are looking to get businesses involved in encouraging peace.
- Microinequalities Inflicted on Women
Why is it that a woman can lead a country, yet women are slower to be served in coffee shops? In the West, women and men share equal status under the law. But in countless practical ways, women experience inequality on a daily basis.
- Lessons from the Old Guard: Can Gen Y Best the Challenges that Bettered the Baby Boom?
Fresh out of college, and frustrated with his own generation's political apathy, Brian Till set out to interview the former world leaders he most admired, including Bill Clinton and Vaclav Havel. What can Gen Y'ers learn from these leaders' successes and failures?
- Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science
In this fascinating talk, theoretical physicist Michael Nielsen describes today's groundbreaking new era, where scientists, mathematicians, and ordinary people worldwide are working together online to solve problems and expand scientific knowledge.
- The (Ethical) Taste of Success
Ashok Vasudevan has what it takes to build commercially viable and socially responsible global companies. Tasty Bite, an all-natural, ready-to-eat food sold in the U.S. and Australia, is ranked one of India's "Top-100 Best Companies to Work For."
- The Ethical Implications of Sea-Level Rise Due to Climate Change [Abstract]
Does humanity have a moral obligation toward the estimated millions of individuals who will be displaced from their homes over the course of this century primarily due to sea-level rise as the earth's climate warms? What form should these actions take?
- Islands of Inertia
In the wake of Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan's victory over Ichiro Ozawa for control of the ruling Democratic Party of Japan, is more inertia in store for economically stagnant Japan? Devin Stewart interviews Jeffrey Kingston on his new book Contemporary Japan.
- NWFZs: Pursuing a World Free of Nuclear Weapons
Today there are five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, yet only one has been fully ratified. Sadly, the reservations of the nuclear weapon states, specifically those of the United States, hinder the success and complete denuclearization of these designated zones.
- Diversifying Diplomacy
Independent Diplomat's goal of giving diplomatic assistance on a not-for-profit basis fills a niche in international politics and may broaden the understanding of diplomacy in the context of globalization.
- Public Ethics Radio: Sarah Holcombe on Indigenous Intellectual Property Rights
What rules should govern business and academic interactions with so-called traditional knowledge? Sarah Holcombe examines questions of knowledge management, intellectual property rights, and research ethics through the lens of Australia's Aboriginal groups.
- Obama's ASEAN Policy Looks Auspicious
American diplomacy in Southeast Asia should strengthen ASEAN's regional prominence and push for an international forum to resolve territorial disputes in the South China Sea.
- Devin Stewart Interviews Unmesh Brahme, Cofounder of the Climate Civics Institute
Unmesh Brahme of HSBC India discusses his newly-launched Climate Civics Institute, which grew out of a Yale World Fellowship. The Institute's mission is to create climate adaptation communities worldwide, so that their experiences can lead to policy innovations.
- Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization
Everything hinges on water; it is essential to life and to civilization. Will there be enough fresh water for 9 billion of us by 2050? In this talk, journalist Steven Solomon discusses the impending global water crisis.
- Defining Environmental Migrants
As the world attempts to solve the growth in climate migrants and refugees, accurate and legally justifiable definitions will be a crucial first step.
- Changing the Tide for Small Island Nations
A Tobin Tax on financial transactions could generate significant funds for climate change adaptation in vulnerable island states while also helping to stabilize the global financial system.
- A Close Relationship Requires Compromise
The most important accomplishment of President Obama's trip to Japan would be to reassure Prime Minister Hatoyama that the tensions around Marine Corps Air Station Futenma will not interfere with the overall bilateral relationship.
- Hilary Charlesworth on Bills of Rights
What does a country gain by enacting a bill of rights? Do countries that lack bills of rights, like Australia, protect human rights as well as those, like the United States and Canada, that have them?
- The Happy Planet Index
The fact that economic growth can be conceived of in opposition to the health of the planet suggests that neither can claim to be regarded as the true overall measure of success in human society. A much more convincing case is made by the concept of well-being.
- Understanding Election Twitter
How does what happens online translate into pressure on leadership, and influence policy outcomes? This summer's major elections in India, Iran, and Indonesia show that we need to understand the relationship between search trending, social network perspectives, and political behavior.
- Setting the Bar at 350
Where do we draw the political and ecological lines on climate change? How much carbon will the atmosphere take? Policy Innovations Managing Editor Evan O'Neil talks with Phil Aroneanu, director of creative media for 350.org, an international campaign to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
- The G-20's Global Hit-and-Run
The economic crisis has been compared to familiar catastrophes such as the sinking Titanic and a tsunami. But the car crash analogy works much better for moral judgments about who should bear the costs of the financial crisis.
- Kung Fu Peace-building
Government and NGO efforts have helped to rehabilitate East Timor's martial arts youth gangs in the wake of election violence and the 2006 riots.
- Black Gold Shows Bitter Trade Problems
Why can't Africa access trade as a tool to generate wealth? Black Gold delves into the international coffee supply chain to find out where the system is broken.
- A Megacommunity at Work on Great Barrier Reef
Christopher Kelly explains how business leaders launched the Great Barrier Reef Foundation to coordinate scientific research and protect the ecosystem. Gradually a megacommunity formed around the foundation, uniting government, industry, and civil society.
- Responsible Profit: Climate Change and the Green Economy
This rapporteur's summary from the third Workshop for Ethics in Business features discussion of the social aspiration gap, personal carbon trading, building megacommunities to solve collective problems, fair negotiating with developing countries, and a carbon price for the financial sector.
- The Stolen Generation: Aboriginal Children In Australia
The Australian government's policy to eradicate Aboriginal culture constitutes a clear-cut violation of the group's cultural rights.
- Mining a Sacred Land
Walton describes Freeport McMoRan's devastation of the Amungme and Kamoro people in Papua in what has become one of the best known cases of environmental injustice perpetrated by a multinational extractive industry.
- Geoff Lawton
Geoff Lawton is managing director at The Permaculture Research Institute.
- Gary Flomenhoft
Gary Flomenhoft is research associate professor at the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont.
- George Kent
George Kent is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Hawaii, where he works on human rights, international relations, peace, development, and environmental issues, with a special focus on nutrition and children.