- Does Fake News Matter? with Brendan Nyhan
What are the real facts about fake news? Brendan Nyhan is co-author of an important new study on fake news consumption during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign. He discovered that a staggering one in four Americans visited a fake news site in the month before the election. But what was the actual agenda for most of these sites and what effect did they have on voters? His findings may surprise you.
- Virtual Reality for Social Good, with Jeremy Bailenson
In this fascinating conversation, Jeremy Bailenson, director of Stanford University's Virtual Human Interaction Lab, describes how virtual reality (VR) can be used as a force for good. By immersing people in experiences they wouldn't otherwise have, such as the disastrous effects of climate change or the struggles of refugees, they can be galvanized to tackle problems that previously seemed remote and abstract.
- Dangerous Delegation: Military Intervention & the U.S. Public, with Kori Schake
Are Americans too deferential to the armed forces, becoming increasingly willing to "outsource" judgement to the military? Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev talks with Dr. Kori Schake of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, co-author with James Mattis of "Warriors and Citizens: American Views of Our Military."
- Munich Security Conference: Mixed Messages on American Values, Engagement
The United States sent mixed signals at the 2018 Munich Security Conference. On the one hand, a bipartisan group of officials stressed continuity and legislative oversight when it comes to American foreign policy. But on the other, while not in attendance, President Trump undermined this message with tweets and comments signalling a more transactional approach.
- American Engagement: When It Comes to Foreign Policy, Does America Deserve Trump?
As the 2018 State of the Union address illustrated and to the great dismay of the "elites," President Trump is truly taking an "America First" approach to foreign policy. In this speech, he framed immigration, conflict with North Korea, and the fight against ISIS in terms of how they have affected invidiual Americans. But, with many citizens uninterested in the intricacies of foreign policy, could this be an effective strategy?
- To Fight Against This Age: On Fascism and Humanism, with Rob Riemen
No more euphemisms and denials, says Rob Riemen in this frightening and inspiring talk. Call it by its name: fascism. Neither technology, nor economic growth, nor political activism can fix this, he continues. We must create a new counterculture that replaces kitsch and conformism with truth, empathy, beauty, and justice.
- State of the Union: The Era of the Liberal Leviathan Is Over
Donald Trump delivered his first State of the Union address–and used the rostrum in the House of Representatives to again break with some of the precepts which have defined the so-called "bipartisan American foreign policy consensus," even though, at the same time, he continues to reframe some of the policies generated under that consensus in terms of a more "America First" approach.
- A Liberal Democracy Doesn't Fall from the Sky
"The West appears to face its end," writes Alexander Görlach. "After 70 years of hegemony, fundamental opposition carries the day in countless places. This opposition stands in stark denial of the West's core principles of citizenship and social liberties: tolerance of religious minorities, equality of the sexes, free speech, and openness to diverse lifestyles." But we shouldn't accept this as inevitable, he declares. We must go into battle.
- Moral Leadership Missing in Burma, with Ambassador Derek Mitchell
Former ambassador to Burma Derek Mitchell examines the complex situation there, including the roots of the ongoing Rohingya crisis and China's influence there. Aung San Suu Kyi is not providing the necessary leadership, he says--despite her constraints she should be speaking out about the Rohingya and about free speech, for example. Nevertheless, she has been given too much flak, and this has become counterproductive.
- Trump at Davos: Trickle-Down American Engagement
President Donald Trump became the first U.S. president to address the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland in 2018, where he offered his audience of world leaders and major global business figures his parameters for continued American engagement with, involvement in, and support of the international system: what I have termed "American-led globalization with Trumpian characteristics."
- Just a Journalist: On the Press, Life, and the Spaces Between, with Linda Greenhouse
Where is the line between the role of a citizen and that of a journalist? Should reporters be able to attend demonstrations as private citizens or give money to causes? What about "fair and balanced" and "objectivity" in reporting? Has this model become a trap to manipulate the press, especially in the Trump era? Veteran journalist Linda Greenhouse has strong views on these topics. Find out more.
- A Tangled Embrace: What the JFK Papers Tell Us about the CIA's Anti-Castro Cuban Agents
In 1976, Cubana Flight 455 was brought down by a terrorist bomb. All 72 people aboard perished. Anti-Castro terrorist and longtime CIA asset Luis Posada is widely considered responsible, yet today he lives in Florida, a free man. Why was critical information about Posada and the CIA buried in the recently released JFK assassination files, even though his case has no relation to JFK?
- Tackling Inequality in the United States, with "Born on Third Base" Chuck Collins
Chuck Collins grew up in a wealthy family and gave away his fortune at the age of 26, yet he realizes that he still has advantages accrued over generations. The current level of inequality is bad for society as a whole, he declares. "It is not in anyone's interest to keep moving toward a sort of economic and racial apartheid." But it doesn't have to be this way. It can be reversed.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2018 with Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer
Probably the most dangerous geopolitical environment in decades-China, AI, Trump, end of Pax Americana--yes, it's very bad. But all these challenges energize political scientist Ian Bremmer to do his best work! Don't miss this great talk.
- Deciphering the Middle East and Trump's National Security Stategy, with Asha Castleberry
Asha Castleberry, Fordham professor and U.S. Army veteran, describes her "mixed reaction" to Trump's National Security Strategy--touching on China and Russia, cybersecurity, and climate change--and what effect it will actually have on the military's operations. Plus, she details an increasingly complicated Middle East, with the Saudi crown prince on a warpath and a dangerous transitional period in Syria and Iraq after major victories against ISIS.
- Extreme Poverty in the United States, with the UN's Philip Alston
The UN's Philip Alston traveled across the U.S. recently and found appalling conditions, from homelessness in California to open sewage in rural Alabama. He discusses the political choices that allow this to continue and proposes solutions.
- A Climate of Impunity? The Problem of Sexual Abuse by UN Peacekeeping Forces, with Justice Marie Deschamps
Over two years after the release of a report on sexual exploitation and abuse by international peacekeeping forces in the Central African Republic, chaired by Marie Deschamps, has anything changed? Not much, says Deschamps in this shocking interview. The report's recommendations have not been implemented and there is still a "climate of impunity" for abusers, even though the first allegations against UN forces date back to the 1980s.
- Trump's National Security Strategy, with Julianne Smith
"I would say most of the people I have talked to outside of government, including some people in Congress, have been a little taken aback," says Julie Smith, senior fellow at Center for a New American Security. "A lot of people have been left scratching their heads because a lot of what appears in the strategy has actually been contradicted by the president himself in one or another of his tweet storms."
- A New World? Changes in the Global Order
Lowell Schwartz of the Naval War College says that we are in the midst of a major shift: the prevailing assumptions of the last 25 years about the convergence of interests among the major players is giving way to the return of great power competition. What does this mean in practice?
- Top Carnegie Council Resources, 2017
2017 will be remembered for upheavals across the board and Carnegie Council's audience picks reflect this. Our most popular podcasts and web resources this year focused on shifts in the established geopolitical order; migrants and refugees; and the disruptions brought about by new technologies.
- Slowing the Proliferation of Major Conventional Weapons with Jonathan D. Caverley
Although today's hot topic is nuclear proliferation, let's not forget that wars like Syria are being fought with conventional ones, such as aircraft and artillery. Jonathan Caverley has an intriguing and practical proposal to slow down the spread of these deadly weapons.
- America's Selective Burden Shedding?
Instead of the standard "burden sharing," Daniel Hamilton says that the U.S. under Trump is engaging in "selective burden shedding." In other words, the U.S. is re-evaluating its commitments and engagements and selectively (and perhaps unilaterally) deciding which ones to retain and resource and which ones to abandon.
- Fractured Continent: Europe's Crises and the Fate of the West, with William Drozdiak
In some ways Europe is more fragmented than at any time in the last three decades, says Drozdiak. There's a north/south split between wealthy creditor nations and deeply indebted ones; an east/west divide, as Poland and Hungary revert to nationalism; pressures of regional separatism; Brexit; and the migrant crisis. Then there's Trump, who sees Europe as a burden and economic rival. 2018 could be a pivotal year. What will happen?
- Banning Nuclear Weapons with 2017 Nobel Peace Prize Winner ICAN
Did you know that 122 countries have adopted a treaty to ban nuclear weapons? The organization behind this movement is the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). In this spirited and informative discussion, Ray Acheson and Beatrice Fihn of ICAN take apart the nuclear deterrence myth, expecially in the case of North Korea, and the belief that nukes are "special" and therefore exempt from the ban on targeting civilians.
- Rescue: Refugees and the Political Crisis of Our Time, with David Miliband
Today there are 65 million people who have fled their homes because of conflict or persecution, says the International Rescue Committee's David Miliband. These are refugees not economic migrants, and half of them are children. It's a long-term crisis that will last our lifetimes. Why should we care? And what can we do about it, both at a policy level and as individuals?
- Digital World War: Islamists, Extremists, and the Fight for Cyber Supremacy, with Haroon Ullah
Despite defeats like Mosul and Raqqa, ISIS and other extremist groups are thriving, says Ullah. For them, the most important battlefield is not the physical one but the information one, and there they are winning. They are nimble, moving from open-source platforms to encrypted ones and are not afraid to fail, getting instant feedback on what propaganda works best. We need a much more concerted effort--a "Manhattan project"--to combat this.
- Bioethics and Community Engagement with Jess Holzer
Hofstra University's Jess Holzer is focused on improving public health at the community level. But she teaches that good intentions alone are not enough to build an inclusive and succesful project. What are the tangible benefits of showing respect as a medical reseacher? And what's the connection between bioethics and biking on Long Island?
- Don't Be Fooled by Cosmetic Changes: The West-Saudi Alliance Is More Morally Dubious Than Ever
"Aside from inertia and vague promises of support in fighting terrorist groups, there is little to justify the continuation of the close relationship between self-professed liberal democratic nations and Saudi Arabia," argues Carter Vance.
- From Charlottesville to North Korea: Filming Social Change with Josh Davis
In a wide-ranging conversation, Emmy award-winning Vice News producer Josh Davis takes Devin Stewart behind the scenes of his in-depth documentaries, from the deadly white nationalist rally in Charlottesville to daily life in North Korea.
- Carnegie Council Appoints Nine Fellows for the Project, "The Living Legacy of the First World War"
Carnegie Council announces the selection of nine fellows who will receive stipends and other support to pursue research under the project "The Living Legacy of the First World War." The selected fellows will pursue original research and writing for publication. They will conduct podcasted interviews and attend a conference at a location to be determined.
- Over 60 Organizations in 30+ Countries Celebrate Global Ethics Day, 2017
October 18, 2017 marked the fourth annual Global Ethics Day, with participation from over 60 organizations and individuals from 31 countries on five continents. Founded by Carnegie Council in 2014 to celebrate its centennial, Global Ethics Day is a global teach-in, an opportunity for institutions to explore the role of ethics in a globalized world. From Gambia to Nicaragua to Romania, everyone celebrated in their own way.
- Trump, North Korea, China: War or Peace, with Gordon G. Chang
There is disturbing evidence that China is weaponizing North Korea, and it's time that Washington started asking Beijing some pointed questions, says Gordon Chang. The fact is, the United States has overwhelming leverage over China--we just don't use it enough--and China has overwhelming leverage over North Korea. "These two points lead to one conclusion, and that is, we can, without the use of force, disarm North Korea."
- Elizabeth Economy on China, Climate Change, and the Environment
How does climate change play into Xi Jinping's larger strategy for China's economy and its role on the global stage? Xi has a vision for addressing climate change and pollution; but how is it implemented in practice, especially in the hinterlands far from the rich coastal provinces? Elizabeth Economy is an expert on Chinese domestic and foreign policy, especially related to environmental matters. She explores these questions and more.
- The Rise of Duterte in the Philippines, with Richard Heydarian
Duterte is part of an arc of populism in emerging market democracies such as Turkey and India, says author Haydarian, but unlike populist movements in developed economies, its main supporters are the rising middle class. This newly prosperous group demands better living conditions and is increasingly attracted to strongmen leaders like Duterte, "who promise overnight solutions to very complicated 21st-century problems."
- Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? with Graham Allison
Thucydides is not saying that the inevitable frictions between a rising power and a ruling one will always lead to war, says Allison. The danger is when "third-party actions become provocations to which one or the other feels obliged to react, to which the other primary actor feels obliged to respond, which then leads to a cascade, often dragging people where they do not want to go." Think North Korea.
- Plutopia: Nuclear Families in Atomic Cities, with Kate Brown
Chernobyl is considered the greatest nuclear disaster of all time. But over decades America's Hanford plant and Russia's Mayak plant each issued almost four times the amount of radiation as Chernobyl. Historian Kate Brown explains that in the closed atomic cities serving these plutonium plants, "residents gave up their civil and biological rights for consumer rights." How does today's America mirror these segregated plutopias?
- Democracy and Its Crisis, with A. C. Grayling
Representative democracy in the UK has been corrupted by the three B's, says Grayling: blackmail, bullying, and bribery. There are similar problems in the United States. To make things worse, covert persuasion tactics via social media are rampant. Yet we can still make representative democracy work, he says. We need transparency, breaking of the grip of the party machine, and control of the amount of money spent on elections.
- False Dawn: Protest, Democracy, and Violence in the New Middle East, with Steven A. Cook
Half a decade after Arabs across the Middle East poured into the streets to demand change, hopes for democracy have disappeared in a maelstrom of violence and renewed state repression. How did things go so wrong so quickly across a wide range of regimes? What role can and should the United States play? Don't miss this conversation with Steven Cook, an expert on Arab and Turkish politics as well as U.S.-Middle East policy.
- Miranda Massie on the Impacts of Climate Change and New York's Climate Museum
Hurricane Sandy was the catalyst that impelled Miranda Massie to quit her job as a civil rights lawyer and found the Climate Museum. "I think that climate change is THE equality and THE civil rights issue of the 21st century," she says. Why open this museum in New York and what does it hope to accomplish? Find out more in this interview that covers not only the multi-faceted impacts of climate change, but also what we can do about it.
- The Future of War: A History, with Lawrence Freedman
"Though most of the literature you will read on the future of war certainly talks about war as between regular armies, as proper fights, now with drones or with autonomous vehicles or robots or whatever, or even painless--cyber and so on--yet actually the reality of war is as it has always been: it is vicious, and it is nasty, and it kills the wrong people, and it does so in considerable numbers."
- What the Qur'an Meant: And Why It Matters with Garry Wills
How can we engage with Muslims around the world without really understanding what they believe? On studying the Qur'an, religious scholar Garry Wills found that many of our perceptions of Islam are false or distorted. Most surprisingly, Islam is a very inclusive religion, more so than Judaism or Christianity. What's more, the Qur'an gives women more property rights than early Christian women had. Don't miss this important talk.
- Free-Enterprise Solutions to Climate Change, with Bob Inglis
Republican politician Bob Inglis used to think that climate change was nonsense; but his son--and science--changed his mind. Today he advocates letting market forces do their work. "The thing to do is to make it apparent in the marketplace what the costs of energy are, and eliminate all the subsidies, and have a level playing field and a strong competition. If you do that, we can fix climate change. That is what needs to be done."
- Fake News and Google with Daniel Sieberg
How much of a threat is fake news to the average citizen? What is Google doing to counteract its spread? Learn more with this conversation with Daniel Sieberg, co-founder of Google News Lab. Launched about three years ago, the News Lab is a small team of Google employees who collaborate with journalists and entrepreneurs around the world to use technology to strengthen digital storytelling and produce more in-depth reporting.
- After Liberal Hegemony: The Advent of a Multiplex World Order with Amitav Acharya
The liberal order was never truly a global order, and we're not entering a multipolar era either, says Amitav Acharya. It's more accurate to call it a decentered, "multiplex" world, one where there are multiple consequential actors and complex global interdependence. Such a world is an unprecedented phenomenon and globalization will surely change. But it won't necessarily be a period of instability.
- The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World
To mark Carnegie Council's Centennial, Michael Ignatieff and team set out to discover what moral values people hold in common across nations. What he found was that while universal human rights may be the language of states and liberal elites, what resonate with most people are "ordinary virtues" practiced on a person-to-person basis, such as tolerance and forgiveness. He concludes that liberals most focus on strengthening these ordinary virtues.
- The Evolution of Corporate Ethics: A Strategic Case for Profit Maximization through Responsible Behavior
"We are now transitioning from a world where philanthropic social contributions, i.e., Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), influenced behavior, to one where authentic Positive Impact drives behavior," write Ben Ersing and Robert Matus of Palladium International. Change is always difficult, both for individuals and corporations, but there are a handful of visionary leaders showing the way.
- Carnegie Council Fellows Respond: Making Ethics Matter, 2017
Carnegie Council has pledged to be a counter-force to the corrosive tone that frequently dominates the news; to focus on the ethical principles at stake; and to set an example by demonstrating fact-based, civil dialogue. Carnegie Council Fellows respond with their perspectives on the troubling and divisive issues we face today.
- Russian Media and Politics from Soviet Times to Putin, with Jonathan Sanders
Jonathan Sanders lived in Russia for a total of roughly 20 years, both as an academic researcher and as a journalist for CBS News, and has an insider's perspective on Russia and its people. He discusses the contradictions of Russian media under Putin--the "mass, crass" state-controlled media and the dissident material and rambunctious memes on RuTube--and shares personal stories of his connections with Yeltsin, Putin, and more.
- The Once and Future Liberal: After Identity Politics with Mark Lilla
"Democrats/liberals need to understand how we lost our grip on the American imagination. Why is it that we are unable to project an image of the kind of country that we want to build together, a vision that would draw people together?" Mark Lilla blames identity politics and argues that the U.S. case offers a window on the crisis of democratic citizenship worldwide.
- An Uncertain Ally: Turkey Under Erdoğan's Dictatorship with David L. Phillips
"We need to face the fact that Turkey under Erdoğan has become a rogue regime," declares David L. Phillips. It's a corrupt, repressive, Islamist dictatorship. The U.S. should no longer regard it as an ally, but as a strategic adversary.
- New Book, "The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World" by Carnegie-Uehiro Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff
Carnegie Council congratulates Michael Ignatieff on the publication of "The Ordinary Virtues." This important book is the culmination of his Carnegie Council Centennial project, Global Ethical Dialogues, a multi-year initiative that engaged societies across the world in the quest for a global ethic--shared values with which to tackle problems that transcend national boundaries.
- From the White House to the World: Food, Health, and Climate Change, with Chef Sam Kass
Entrepreneur Sam Kass talks about his experiences as chef and senior policy nutrition advisor in the White House, including titbits about the Obamas, initiatives to improve schoolchildren's health, and the lunch he served to world leaders made up of food waste. (Pass the "landfill salad"!) He also discusses the links between climate change and food, healthy eating, and hunger in the U.S. and abroad.
- The Risks and Rewards of Big Data, Algorithms, and Machine Learning, with danah boyd
How do we analyze vast swaths of data and who decides what to collect? For example, big data may help us cure cancer, but the choice of data collected for police work or hiring may have built-in biases, explains danah boyd. "All the technology is trying to do is say, 'What can we find of good qualities in the past and try to amplify them in the future?' It's always trying to amplify the past. So when the past is flawed, it will amplify that."
- North Korea: A Conversation between Joel Rosenthal and Devin Stewart
Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal and Senior Fellow Devin Stewart discuss the tense North Korea situation. What does Kim Jong-un want? How should the United States respond? What would the "enlightened realist" do?
- Islam in Indonesia's Political Economy with Wayne Forrest
Indonesia is enjoying economic growth and the reemergence of democracy, yet it is troubling that the influence of Islam in politics is also growing. "I'm still optimistic that Indonesia can weather these outside Islamic influences that come from the Middle East and that are not really from their culture," says Wayne Forrest, president of the American Indonesian Chamber of Commerce (AICC).
- The Trump Effect in Japan with Robert Dujarric
"When you have a president like Trump, you do have to ask yourself: 'What will the United States look like in five years or in ten years?' A strong United States is what the government of Japan wants. In that sense, Trump is a threat. It is one that not all, but I feel a lot of Japanese analysts, are oblivious to. And second, what can they do? The answer is they can't do anything."
- Making Ethics Matter in 2017
"Ethics will be found in people of good will who believe in constructive responses to hard policy challenges. Ethics will be demonstrated by those who are willing to take a stand in defense of the core values of pluralism, rights, and fairness. Ethics will be invigorated by dialogue based on empirical knowledge, mutual respect, and equal regard for others. Carnegie Council will always be a home for these people and their voices."
- Heidi Grant on U.S. Air Force Global Partnerships
George Washington understood that building capable partners during peacetime can actually prevent war, says Heidi Grant. She is deputy under secretary of the Air Force, International Affairs, an organization which works with over a hundred countries to address shared security challenges. This includes selling them military equipment and increasing their capability to conduct their own ISR: intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Malcolm X"
Malcolm X is seen by some as a symbol of the enduring struggle for equal rights for all human beings; but for others his legacy is tainted by his embrace of the Nation of Islam's fiery rhetoric. Spike Lee's epic film explores all incarnations of the civil rights icon and shows how and why he evolved. Fifty years after Malcolm X's assassination and 25 years after the film was made, it is as relevant as ever.
- Scott D. Sagan on the Nuclear Necessity Principle
Major changes must be made if U.S. nuclear war plans are to conform to the principles of just war doctrine and the law of armed conflict, declares Stanford University's Scott Sagan. He proposes a new doctrine: "the nuclear necessity principle." In sum, the U.S. will not use nuclear weapons against any target that could be reliably destroyed by conventional means.
- Michele Wucker on when the Gray Rhino Hits Asia
Michele Wucker describes a gray rhino as the "love child of the black swan and the elephant in the room." In other words, "it's a metaphor for the big, obvious thing that's coming at you that you've got a choice to deal with or not." Why has this concept struck such a chord in China, Taiwan, and Korea, while Americans tend to be more in denial about their gray rhinos?
- George Friedman: The End of the International Order and the Future of Asia
Tired of conventional wisdom? Check out geopolitical forecaster George Friedman. The period that began at the end of World War II was a freak, he says. "We're returning to a more normal structure in which the nation-state is dominant, international trade is intense but managed by states for their own benefit, and where this idea that the nation-state is obsolete goes away." And find out why he's bullish on Japan and thinks we overestimate China.
- General Donald Bolduc on the U.S. War in Afghanistan
In this inspiring interview, Brig. Gen. Bolduc discusses his time in Afghanistan and his assessment of the situation there as well as in Africa, where he was in charge of countering violent extremism. He also reveals his experiences with PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and multiple other physical injuries, explaining how he finally got help and how he is working hard to help others with the same issues.
- Alexander Klimburg on "The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace"
In the West we view cyber threats as largely a technical issue, while in Russia and China they see it in terms of propaganda, information control, and influencing their domestic affairs, says Alex Klimburg. When we confuse these two narratives, we risk missing other nations' key strategies to push the Internet in unwanted directions. Indeed, almost without realizing it, we are contributing to something approaching an arms race in cyber.
- Graham Allison on "Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?"
Thucydides's Trap is the dangerous dynamic that occurs when a rising power threatens to displace a ruling power, explains Harvard's Graham Allison. So is war between China and the United States inevitable? No, says Allison, but both nations will have to make "painful adaptations and adjustments" to avoid it, starting with U.S. policy adjustments regarding the South China Sea and the Korean Peninsula.
- Isaac Stone Fish: Facts and Fiction on North Korea
Asia Society's Isaac Stone Fish is working on a novel set in Pyongyang, but he's also looking for the truth in the "world's most opaque country." Why does he think the North Koreans are acting rationally? What are the possible outcomes if tensions continue to rise between Kim and Trump?
- Mira Rapp-Hooper on "Subcontracting" U.S. Policy Toward Asia
The U.S. and China have fundamentally different priorities regarding the Korean Peninsula, explains Asia expert Rapp-Hooper. "So, by subcontracting North Korea policy to China," she says, "I think the United States is evincing some amount of naïveté on how far Beijing is likely to actually be willing to go."
- Pankaj Ghemawat on Global Strategy in the Age of Brexit and Trump
How should companies strategize in the age of "Brump" (shorthand for Brexit and Trump)? Should they think locally rather than globally? Are trade wars inevitable, and if so, how will they affect countries large and small? Don't miss this analysis from economist Pankaj Ghemawat.
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Podcasts for the 2016-17 Program Year
Carnegie Council presents the top 10 most downloaded podcasts from our program year, July 2016-June 2017. Topics include Japan and the Philippines; the potential effects of new technologies; and the troubled state of U.S. and global politics.
- The Earth Institute's Steven Cohen Offers Hope for a Sustainable Future
"I still believe that we're heading toward a renewable resource-based economy. I think that it's inevitable," declares Steven Cohen. How will we get there? A combination of market forces as renewables become cheaper, better technology, and the sharing economy.
- Tom Nichols on the Death of Expertise
Across the world today, there is active hostility towards experts, says Tom Nichols of the U.S. Naval War College, and this is a very dangerous trend. Donald Trump didn't create this, but he certainly weaponized it politically, just as Brexiteers did in the UK.
- New Fellowship Program "The Living Legacy of the First World War," Led by Senior Fellow Reed Bonadonna
"The Living Legacy of the First World War" project will create up to 10 new non-resident fellowships to conduct original research and analyses on the war, its long-term impacts on societies around the world, and its lasting imprint on the present. The fellows will publish and publicly present their findings in articles and podcasts in the months leading up to Armistice Day, 2018.
- Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans
"Oceans dominate the world," says Admiral Stavridis. After all, 70 percent of the globe is covered by water. In this masterly overview of the seven seas, he touches on the maritime battles that changed history; current geopolitics from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean; and the fact that environmentally, the oceans are "the largest crime scene in the world."
- James Traub on Immigrants and Refugees
What happens when Sweden, one of the most welcoming countries on Earth for migrants, simply runs out of beds? What are the unpleasant (and politically incorrect) truths about the difficulties of assimilation in Europe? How can we have honest policy discussions about this? Author James Traub has been spending time in Sweden, France, and Germany and has given these sensitive issues much thought. Don't miss his unflinching analysis.
- The Soul of the First Amendment
In this timely event, Floyd Abrams, a noted lawyer and award-winning legal scholar specializing in First Amendment issues, examines the degree to which American law protects free speech more often, more intensely, and more controversially than is the case anywhere else in the world, including democratic nations such as Canada and England.
- The U.S. Navy's View on Security in Asia and Beyond
Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart talks with Admiral John Richardson, the U.S. Navy's most senior-ranking officer. Topics include strategy; the security challenges the Navy faces today, focusing particularly on the Pacific; and the need for a bigger Navy. Admiral Richardson also discusses the Navy's core values: honor, courage and commitment.
- Privacy in a Digital Age - Carnegie UK Trust Seminar on Future of Public Libraries
This seminar, sponsored by the Carnegie UK Trust as part of a study tour on the future of public libraries, explores privacy and the role that libraries can play in this arena. Keynote speaker Bruce Schneier paints a bleak picture of the erosion of privacy, since we are all constantly creating a data trail. Yet he declares that none of this is irreversible. It's a question of changing our laws, policies, and norms, and libraries can help.
- Asha Castleberry on Trump's Generals and the Fight Against ISIS
Asha Castleberry, Fordham professor and U.S. Army veteran, gives detailed updates of the campaigns against ISIS in Mosul and Raqqa and the endlessly complicated Syrian Civil War. She also discusses the ups and downs of Trump's strategy in the Middle East and the influence of Secretary Mattis and National Security Advisor McMaster.
- Crisis of the Liberal Order
What explains the global resurgence of populism and the rise of political actors on the right? And what are the effects on longstanding alliances, international institutions, and accepted norms? Don't miss this lively conversation with Leon Botstein, president of Bard College, and international affairs expert Walter Russell Mead.
- #Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media
How is today's Internet driving political fragmentation, polarization, and even extremism—and what can be done about it? Legal scholar Cass Sunstein shares the results of his research.
- Limiting Civilian Casualties as Part of a Winning Strategy
"Limiting civilian casualties is always morally and ethically the right thing to do," declares Joseph Felter, speaking from both his research and personal military experience. "But in some situations, it is also part of winning."
- The Coming War with China? The Ethics of Confrontation in the Pacific
Are the United States and China on the brink of war? Can the two nations avoid miscalculation and instead find common ground? Find out what this expert panel has to say.
- The Main(e) Concern in the South China Sea
On the 119th anniversary of the start of the Spanish-American War, the U.S. is facing another potential maritime conflict, this time with China. What lessons should the Trump administration learn from this war? What are the ethical and economic considerations of a possible conflict in the South China Sea?
- The Intersection of Religion, Identity, and Peacemaking with Rev. Robert Chase
Rev. Robert Chase has spent 10 years as director of Intersections International, working "to bring disparate groups together in search of peaceful and socially just resolution to long-held conflicts." In this wide-ranging talk, he discusses his time in Pakistan and Kazakhstan, working with New York's Muslim community, and how then-Senator Obama inspired him in 2004.
- Easternization: Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond
"Financial Times" chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman says, "We've reached the point where the West's grip on world affairs begins to loosen." China's economic rise is, indeed, a big reason for this shift, but how do Brexit, Crimea, and "red lines" fit into the story? What will be the effect on Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa?
- Local Politics and Criminal Justice Reform with Mohammed Alam
With his roles at Center for Court Innovation, focusing on criminal justice reform, and with the Young Democrats, working to find the next generation of progressive New York politicians, Mohammed Alam is at the center of some of America's most pressing debates. As the federal government goes in a different direction, what can be done at the local level?
- Toward Democracy: The Struggle for Self-Rule in European and American Thought
"Democracy begins in bloodshed and it comes to life only through conflict," says Harvard's James T. Kloppenberg in this masterful talk. How have the French Revolution and civil wars in England and America "poisoned the ethic of reciprocity on which democracy depends"? Why is this so important in 2017?
- Protestants: The Faith that Made the Modern World
Understanding Protestantism is fundamental to understanding the modern world, says Professor Alec Ryrie. It has shaped democratic liberalism, capitalism, limited government, the notion of free inquiry, and continues to gain converts all over the world. How did this all blossom from Martin Luther's "Ninety-five Theses" 500 years ago?
- Nuclear War with North Korea?
The North Koreans are not crazy, says Korea scholar Joel S. Wit. They have valid reasons for feeling threatened and their nuclear strategy has actually paid off for them. So what are the U.S. options at this point?
- Duterte's Drug War and Human Rights in the Philippines and Southeast Asia
President Duterte has created a human rights calamity, says Phelim Kine of Human Rights Watch. In just over over eight months, 7,000 of the poorest, most marginalized Filipinos have been killed. What's needed is a UN special investigation. Without one, and without sustained exposure of these killings, things are only going to get worse.
- The Lockerbie Bombing: The Search for Justice
In 1988, a bomb detonated on Pan Am 103, killing all on board and devastating the Scottish town of Lockerbie. A Libyan was convicted of the crime. His subsequent release from prison and deportation to Libya caused an international controversy. Kenny MacAskill explains his decision to release him and the complex intrigues involved in this case.
- Teaching Ethics at the Coast Guard Academy with Lt. Tony Gregg
Lt. Tony Gregg is an active-duty officer and instructor of moral and ethical philosophy for the Coast Guard Academy. In this talk, he discusses his path to his current role, how ethics is intertwined with the mission of the Coast Guard, and why his students surprise him.
- Orville Schell on China's Role in the World
Orville Schell has been reporting on China since 1970. In this wide-ranging and insightful conversation he looks at China and the U.S. exit from TPP; North Korea; the South China Sea; China's values system (or lack of one); human rights; climate change; and more.
- Breaking Barriers: The Air Force and the Future of Cyberpower
The Air Force is heading America's efforts to modernize and secure its digital infrastructure and incorporate cyberspace into every aspect of its operations. Learn more in this talk with Lt. Gen. Bender, the Air Force's chief information officer and the leader of nearly 55,000 cyber operators.
- Just Out: "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2017 Issue
The topics in this issue include human rights, statelessness, refugee camps, immigration ethics, and a section on the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the refugee protection regime.
- Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 31.1 (Spring 2017)
This issue includes essays by Michael Ignatieff on human rights and the ordinary virtues; Kristy A. Belton on the prospect of ending statelessness in the Americas, the second of a two-part series; and Carmen Gómez Martín on the problematic nature of refugee camps as de facto long-term solutions. It also contains two features, one by Dan Bulley and the other by Alise Coen, presenting differing views on the relationship between the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the refugee protection regime, with a brief introduction by Jason Ralph and James Souter; a review essay on immigration ethics by Linda Bosniak; and book reviews by Andrew Altman, Andrew Hurrell, and William Gochberg.
- Pankaj Mishra on our "Age of Anger"
"I think the reason why so many people feel angry and disaffected is that too much has been promised to them in recent decades and the globalized economy has not delivered to large numbers of people on these promises," says Pankaj Mishra, in this discussion about his very timely book, "Age of Anger: A History of the Present."
- Human Rights Narratives and Active Resistance, with Sujata Gadka-Wilcox
Gadkar-Wilcox says that when it comes to human rights, we need to ask more questions about systems and origins. This is especially important now, as Americans confront a powerful executive branch pushing simplistic narratives and "alternative facts." What are the responsibilities of individuals? How can we start these challenging discussions?
- A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order
Concerned about where the world is heading? Don't miss this measured and comprehensive overview from Richard Haas, in which he lays out the global situation facing President Trump and what may lie ahead. Topics include the Middle East, Europe, Asia, Russia, NATO, the UN, and the main factor behind job losses.
- Cultural Relations and their Effects on Politics and Economics
J. P. Singh describes himself as working at the intersection of culture and political economy, examining how ways of life and their symbolic representations bleed over into politics and economics. This discussion ranges from cultural politics in the U.S. and the UK, to Singh's book "Sweet Talk" on post-colonialism paternalism in trade deals, and more.
- A "Chaotic" White House, and the U.S. Role in Asia and the World
In this outspoken and thoughtful interview, former State Department adviser Eliot Cohen expresses his dismay at the "chaotic and very badly run administration" and discusses the threats from China and North Korea, the role of the U.S. in the world, and the different approaches to military strategy taken by the West (Clausewitz) and China (Sun Tzu).
- Geoeconomics and Statecraft: Is China Outdoing the United States?
Co-author of "War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft," Jennifer Harris defines geoeconomics as "the use of economic instruments to achieve specific geopolitical results." Why and how are the Chinese so good at this and how will Trump do? While the verdict is still out, says Harris, "Trump's instincts run exactly 180 degrees in the opposite direction."
- Alexander Görlach on Threats to Liberal Democracy
In this wide-ranging and lively discussion, Alexander Görlach, founder of the debate magazine "The European," tackles the rise of populism and the far right in Europe, Brexit, the results of the U.S. election, the refugee crisis, and more.
- A Conversation with Robert Quinn on Scholars at Risk
Scholars at Risk provides temporary teaching positions and advisory services to hundreds of threatened scholars around the world. Quinn describes how its caseload has doubled recently, largely because of Syria and Turkey. He also discusses challenges for U.S. colleges, from fake news, to Trump's immigration policies, to free speech on campuses.
- The Secret War in Laos and the Role of the CIA
Josh Kurlantzick, author of a new book on the U.S. secret war in Laos from 1961-73, notes that the war was responsible for greatly increasing the power of the CIA. "Today the CIA, together with Special Forces, has become the tip of the spear in the U.S. war on terror," he continues, and it's very unlikely that it will be "de-fanged" under the new administration.
- Former U.S. Ambassador to Myanmar Reflects on the Democratic Transition
What were Myanmar's major challenges during its transition to democracy--and indeed to this day? What was the U.S. role in the transition? What is the situation with the Rohingya minority? How will the Trump administration approach Myanmar, and Southeast Asia in general? For answers, don't miss this discussion with Ambassador Mitchell.
- Trump in Asia: Back to the Future?
In many ways, we're back to the future of reassuring every friend and ally--and adversary--that U.S. constancy is there, says Chris Nelson. In some sense, that's the case for every new administration. But the difference this time is that during the campaign Trump "did not present well" as far as Asian observers, especially Republicans, were concerned.
- Asylum in the United States for Unaccompanied Children
The current magnitude of child migration to the United States is unprecedented. How does the U.S. asylum process for unaccompanied children work? The views and analyses expressed in this article are the author's alone and do not represent the positions of any U.S. government entity or the American Bar Association.
- The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics
How exactly should we define populism? What led to its current resurgence in Europe and the United States, on both the right and the left? And in particular, how can we explain the Trump phenomenon? For answers, don't miss this fascinating discussion with author and journalist John Judis.
- Freedom of Expression in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Beyond
Freelance journalist Ismail Einashe sees a dangerous backsliding of democracy and free media in sub-Saharan Africa, alongside an increase in Internet access and the influence of foreign media organizations. Two weeks into the new administration, are there parallels in the United States?
- Shalini Kantayya: The Intersection of Ethics, the Environment, & Economics
"I think we as a movement have not done a good job of making climate change a kitchen-table issue, of making this an economic issue for working families, and that is what it is. This is about taking money from the 1 percent and putting it in the hands of the many," says filmmaker Shalini Kantayya.
- Carnegie Council and the New Administration
Other organizations will no doubt focus on analyses of leadership style, rhetoric, and political conflict. At Carnegie Council, we will focus on the ethical principles at stake in the actual policies of the new administration--specifically its foreign policy. We are following three policy areas closely: alliances, climate, and free speech.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2017
The world is entering a geopolitical recession, i.e. an unwinding of the old global order, says political scientist Ian Bremmer, in his grimmest forecast ever. Topics include the potential challenges from a Trump administration, President Obama's legacy of a more fractured world, human rights in the Middle East, and the fate of liberalism.
- Andreas Hatzigeorgiou on Global Cities, Migration, and Stockholm's Economy
Stockholm is now the fastest growing capital in Europe, and Andreas Hatzigeorgiou brings a useful international perspective to his position as chief economist at the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. In this wide-ranging conversation he discusses Stockholm's enormous success as a tech hub, Sweden's immigration policies, and much more.
- Women's Rights are Human Rights: Global Challenges to Reproductive Health
How will the Trump presidency affect women's rights, not only in the U.S. but around the world? Will the Sustainable Development Goals really succeed in improving women's health and reducing gender inequalities? Emotions run high on these issues. How can we find common ground? Don't miss this important discussion.
- GroundTruth's Charles Sennott on the Future of Journalism
Despite all the challenges, right now is one of the most exciting moments for a new generation to redefine journalism, says Charles Sennott. The core goals of great journalism will never change--being there on the ground, giving voice to the voiceless--but the way we can push stories out through social media is extraordinary.
- Foreign Fighters, Homegrown Terrorism, and the Prevention of Violent Extremism
What are the driving forces behind the increase in homegrown terrorism and what can be done to stop it? Ali Soufan and Seamus Hughes, veterans in preventing violent extremism, explain the complexities and challenges of this global threat.
- Donald Trump. . . . . Commander-in-Chief
Donald Trump is now president-elect. Despite the bitter opposition that occurred throughout the campaign, all Americans should want him to be successful. This is particularly true for his most important role as commander-in-chief, as he must deal with a variety of significant threats.
- A Conversation on Climate Change & Forced Displacement with David Sussman
Conflict and war are often talked about as main drivers of forced displacement, but researcher David Sussman also points to climate change and consumerism as major factors. How is this playing out in Latin America and the Pacific islands? And, in regards to these issues, what can we expect from the Trump administration?
- Honoring Those who Served:
Veterans Day 2016
For this Veterans Day, we present a collection of resources recognizing the tireless and often thankless work of the U.S. military. There are legitimate arguments about ethics and policies when it comes to war, but nobody can deny the commitment and patriotism of the men and women who serve and the debt that is owed to them when their service is over.
- What is Populism?
There's a wave of populist leaders around the world right now, from Erdoğan to Trump. What defines a populist exactly, and why are they so dangerous? Learn more in this most timely interview.
- The Constitution Today: Timeless Lessons for the Issues of Our Era
BC--before the Constitution--the history of the world was the history of kings, emperors, and tsars. AD--after the document--the world would never be the same again, says Constitutional law scholar Akhil Reed Amar. And the Constitution is particularly important in a fraught presidential election like this one.
- Karen Greenberg on Terrorism and "Rogue Justice"
What attracts young people to terrorism? Targeted killings, indefinite detention, mass surveillance--have Americans allowed too much power to be vested in the presidency? How are different governments grappling with the tension between civil rights and security? Security expert Karen Greenberg discusses these difficult questions.
- Major Security Challenges for the Next President
Afghanistan, terrorism, U.S.-Russia relations: Col. McCausland gives an expert analysis of all these security challenges and more. Yet he concludes on a hopeful note: "We need to remember that we are a great country. There are a lot of reasons to be optimistic. We endured in the past and by golly, we're going to endure in the future."
- Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World
In today's connected world--a "cosmopolis" dominated by the "four superpowers" Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon--what we need is to have more but also better free speech, declares Garton Ash. The West, particularly the U.S., should strive to promote global free speech, and we must foster a "robust civility" despite our differences.
- Is Successful Integration Possible? Best Practices from North America and Europe
How can societies help migrants integrate into the schools, work forces, and cultures of their new communities? In a partnership with the Government of Catalonia, this distinguished panel describes concrete ways that communities can cast aside their fears and create, as Secretary Omoros puts it, "a balance between diversity and integration."
- The UN's Peter Sutherland on the Migrant Crisis
In the run-up to the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Joanne Myers talks with Peter Sutherland about the challenges of implementing the 1951 Refugee Convention, which states that the obligation to provide for refugees is not simply an obligation for countries in proximity to the refugees. It's a global responsibility that should be shared.
- U.S. Elections & Brexit: Can Liberalism Survive?
Why are liberal values eroding across the world? Will this continue? Realist Stephen Walt says maybe not, if the U.S. can set a good example at home and engage in less military interventions abroad. But although Nikolas Gvosdev of the U.S. Naval War College wants to be hopeful, he strikes a more pessimistic note.
- Robert Kaplan on the Underlying Forces that Drive our "Post-Modern" World
"To understand the events of the next 50 years, then, one must understand environmental scarcity, cultural and racial clash, geographic destiny, and the transformation of war." Robert Kaplan wrote these prescient words back in 1994. In this fascinating discussion, he analyses how his predictions are playing out and where we are headed.
- Asha Castleberry on the 2016 Election and the Fight Against ISIS
U.S. Army veteran Asha Castleberry discusses veterans' reactions to the 2016 presidential campaign, and also the ongoing U.S. anti-ISIS military campaign, which is preparing to liberate Mosul in Iraq. "This is definitely a big push from the Obama administration before President Obama leaves office--he wants to liberate Mosul."
- The Conscious Company
Corporate leaders are increasingly aware that businesses can provide a positive (or negative) impact on the environment and community. But how can conscious companies prioritize social benefit while still pursuing profit? In part 2 of our series on conscious capitalism, we hear from Eileen Fisher, Patagonia, and other leading thinkers in the field.
- Foreign Affairs & U.S. History Materials, Curated for High School Teachers by a Teacher
The new Worksheets & Excerpts section of Carnegie Council's online educational resources includes material useful for comparative government, world history, and U.S. history courses, and is specially designed for high school teachers.
- The Conscious Consumer
Part one of this three-part series on conscious capitalism examines the role of the conscious consumer. In this episode, hear the story of a victim of capitalism at its worst--and how one shopper is helping him tell his story. We also explore if and how consumers can use purchasing power to influence corporations' behavior.
- Strangers in Strange Lands: Migration
In 2015, the number of international migrants worldwide—people residing in a country other than their country of birth—reached a record-breaking 244 million. And 65.3 million of these migrants were refugees, the largest number since World War II. We present a collection of useful resources on the ethical and practical challenges of migration.
- The U.S. Election Is a Referendum on American Values
Liberalism is the simple but powerful idea that freedom and equality are values worth defending. It has been a guiding light for U.S. politics since the country's founding. And yet, faced with Trump's radical departure from American principles, voters are in effect being asked to defend liberal values at the polls this fall.
- Welcome to Canada: the Ryerson University Lifeline Syria Challenge
In just under a year, Toronto's universities raised more than CAD$4.3 million and helped 19 Syrian families (99 people) settle in Canada, with many more on the way. And it all began at Ryerson University. Cukier and Jackson tell the inspiring story of how they mobilized support. Jackson even cancelled her wedding reception and donated the funds to RULSC.
- A World History of Political Violence
Rachel Kleinfeld discusses with Devin Stewart her research--which took her to five continents over the past three years--and forthcoming book on how violence is perpetuated and curtailed in societies around the world. Kleinfeld discusses the role of political power, corruption, law enforcement, leadership, and grassroots movements.
- Time to Wake Up
"The story of our failure on climate change is a story of our failure to understand the truly manipulative and evil effects of money in politics," declares Senator Whitehouse. "It's being deployed right now. You undo Citizens United and we will have a bill in a month."
- Move Over, Black Swan: Here Comes the Gray Rhino
Black swans are unforeseeable, but gray rhinos are the looming threats right in front of our noses that we choose to ignore, says policy analyst Michele Wucker. Her top five rhinos right now are: the fragmentation of the EU; liquidity shocks in the financial markets; political instability in the U.S.; climate change; and the Middle East.
- The July NATO Warsaw Summit: How Will NATO Adapt to a New Security Environment?
Today NATO must protect itself from Russian threats on its Eastern borders and ISIS to the South, plus terrorism and cyber attacks, while also managing the flow of migration and patrolling the seas. Therefore the upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw is of paramount importance.
- The Progressive's Paradox
Can left-wing ideologies ever co-exist comfortably with military intervention? U.S. foreign policy over the past two decades has failed to align squarely with the two major domestic political parties—is the liberal/conservative distinction here a myth?
- The Next Pandemic: On the Front Lines Against Humankind's Gravest Dangers
In over 20 years at the CDC, Dr. Ali Khan battled Ebola, SARS, and other deadly diseases. But, as he reveals in this fascinating talk, what really worries him is the effect that political and social factors can have on fighting these outbreaks. With Zika emerging as the newest threat, what can governments--and individuals--do to be better prepared?
- Sujata Gadkar-Wilcox on Political Responsibility in India and the United States
What do citizens living in a democracy owe their country in terms of upholding its values and laws? Both Gandhi and Obama emphasize the importance of individual responsibility, which has to go beyond just voting, says Gadkar-Wilcox. Don't miss this fascinating discussion on Indian and U.S. perspectives, both historically and in today's fraught politics.
- A Filmmaker's Experience on Leaving Japan
Documentary filmmaker and TV journalist Kyoko Gasha discusses her film "Mothers' Way, Daughters' Choice," which is about Japanese women (like she herself) who remade their lives in New York City. She also talks about the difficulties facing working mothers in Japan, especially the long working hours, and how the culture is beginning to change.
- Us and Them? Bridget Anderson on Migrants and Nation-States
Underlying people's economic fears about migrants taking their jobs are much deeper anxieties about nationality, culture, and race, says Bridget Anderson, professor of migration and citizenship at Oxford. The nation-state is simply not working for a lot of humanity, and we need to come up with new ways of thinking about political communities.
- New Edited Volume, "Religion, Public Policy and Social Transformation in Southeast Asia"
Carnegie Council's Pacific Fellow Dr. Dicky Sofjan is the editor of the new volume, "Religion, Public Policy and Social Transformation in Southeast Asia: Managing Religious Diversity." It is the first volume of a three-part book series dealing with religion and its interface with the state and society in Southeast Asia.
- In Search of a Global Ethic
Research in 25 cities in eight countries on five continents shows that norms across cultures may not be so different after all.
- A Conversation with Krista Tippett on Becoming Wise
What does it mean to be human, and how do we want to live? "We possess intelligence. We possess consciousness. And we have this capacity as human beings to take this further step to become wise, which leavens intelligence and I think has an ability to advance evolution in the direction we want it to go."
- The Geopolitics of the Iran Deal: Winners and Losers
In the short term, one of the biggest winners in the Iran deal is China, and the biggest loser is Saudi Arabia. But 10, 15 years from now, we may see that the deal was a seminal factor in reintegrating Iran into the global political economy and strengthening civil society--making the U.S. and Europe the winners and countries like Russia and Syria the losers.
- Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism
ISIS consists of three interlocked threats and is quite different from al-Qaeda, says counterterrorism authority David Kilcullen. To come up with a workable strategy going forward, we have to understand exactly what went wrong in the years since 9/11 and admit that everyone bears part of the blame, from "reckless" Bush to "feckless" Obama.
- "The Assault on International Law" by Jens David Ohlin
Jens David Ohlin seeks to expose the shaky social scientific and philosophical foundations of what he calls "New Realism," which questions whether international law can ever compel or even guide states to act differently than according to what they perceive as their self-interest.
- Table of Contents, Volume 30.1 (Spring 2016)
This issue includes an essay by Amitai Etzioni on how to define national sovereignty through rights and responsibilities; a roundtable on the relationship between Hans Morgenthau and America, with contributions by Cornelia Navari, Felix Rösch, Hartmut Behr, Christoph Frei, Richard Ned Lebow, and Douglas B. Klusmeyer; features by Patti Tamara Lenard on revocation of citizenship in democracies and by Robert Sparrow on the case against autonomous weapons; a response by Helen Frowe to Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun's article on "jus ad vim" (EIA 27.1), with a rejoinder by Daniel Brunstetter; and book reviews by Robert Howse and Jeffrey Mankoff.
- Free for a Limited Time! "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2016 Issue
This issue includes: Amitai Etzioni on national sovereignty; a roundtable on the relationship between Hans Morgenthau and America; Patti Tamara Lenard on revocation of citizenship in democracies; Robert Sparrow on the case against autonomous weapons; an exchange between Helen Frowe and Daniel Brunstetter on "jus ad vim;" and book reviews.
- The Industries of the Future
Driverless cars, designer babies, crypto currencies, cyber warfare, pervasive "sousveillance" that erodes our privacy, often with our consent--what are the upsides and downsides of this brave new world? Alec Ross, who is neither a utopian nor a dystopian, expertly guides us through it.
- A Conversation with Sarah Chayes on Corruption and Global Security
Around the world from Afghanistan to Nigeria, systemic corruption is fueling instability, declares Sarah Chayes in this electrifying conversation. And the United States and other enablers are part of the problem. "If we don't prioritize corruption more—and that means here as well as there—the world is going to become an increasingly dangerous place."
- The Refugee/Migrant Crisis
The migrant/refugee crisis is a defining moral issue for our generation, declares Peter Sutherland, UN special representative on international migration. And proximity should not define responsibility. It's a global responsibility.
- The Fight Against Climate Change
"Climate change is happening," writes 15-year-old Dheera Vuppala. "Nine out of ten scientists say it is. The U.S. has to deal with it, so let's take the proper steps to fight it. Limiting industries' carbon emissions, lowering households' use of electricity, and researching and switching to renewable energy forms are only a few of those steps."
- Goals for a Better World: Taking Urgent Action to Combat Climate Change in the United States within the Next 15 Years
American student Annabelle Dunbar advocates for the United States and its citizens to begin a transition towards more ecologically and economically sustainable ways of living by turning to alternative sources of energy, implementing more viable innovations, and altering certain lifestyles (including eating less meat).
- Beyond a New Cold War? International Security and the Need for U.S.-Russia Cooperation
The United States must stop its demonization of President Putin, according to members of this distinguished panel, all with long associations with Russia and all founding members of the American Committee for East-West Accord. Syria, Ukraine, the UN, nuclear weapons: compelling reasons why the United States and Russia must work together.
- The Need for Ethical Grounding in Social Activism: A Banker's Perspective of the Occupy Movement
Why did the Occupy Movement, that should have resonated with 99 percent of the population, lack the support to achieve the changes that it sought?
- Interview with Thomas Weiss on Change and Continuity in Global Governance
The term global governance grew up to describe the fact that there is an increasing number of civil society actors. Nevertheless, these new actors are not going to solve terrorism; they're not going to halt mass atrocities; they're not going to halt Ebola. States are still the main actors and they must be pushed and shoved by all the rest to take effective action.
- Human Rights in Asia and the West
The geographical, national, or ethnic East-West division in human rights thinking is increasingly irrelevant. Instead, multiple layers of horizontal solidarity have been formed through global networks, and liberals in both regions have been significantly marginalized.
- Values and the Ethics of International Order
At a time when U.S. primacy is in doubt, when many are concerned that China might become a global political power, when the threat of radical Islam goes hand in hand with anti-Western attitudes, the question of the right repertoire of values, along with the legitimacy and ethics of the international order, could not be more important.
- The "Singapore School" of Asian Values: Down But Not Out?
When the Asian financial crisis of 1997 blunted the so-called "Asian Economic Miracle," critics--many Westerners, but also Asians tired of the tendentious claims of their cultural elites--bid good riddance to the end of "Asian values." Yet the "Singapore school" could well experience a revival in the foreseeable future, albeit in a different form.
- International Holocaust Memorial Day, January 27: What We Can Still Learn
Holocaust survivor Gene Klein: "On Holocaust Memorial Day we remember the suffering, death and destruction of the camps. This year I also ask you to make a human connection to today's refugees. When you see them on your television or in your community, try to walk in their shoes."
- Sidelined at the Summit: Indigenous Peoples Ignored in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement
It is no exaggeration to say that Indigenous Peoples are the frontline defenders in the fight against the forces perpetuating climate change. Yet despite lip-service about their importance, the richer, more powerful countries saw to it that Indigenous Peoples and their voices were largely unseen and unheard at the Paris Conference.
- The Unprecedented Jihadi Threat in Europe
"At this very moment, ISIS is recruiting probably 100 people a week from all over the world, including this very country. So it is not a European problem, it is not an Arab issue; it is a global threat and global challenge. That is why I insist on the fact that the threat has to be dealt with at the source, which is basically Syria."
- Competing Moral Claims over the Nuclear Power-Weapons Crossover
"Although the military–industry complex remains resilient, the only ultimate solution to nuclear danger and the best disaster prevention is a nuclear-free world in both military and civil terms."
- Rethinking U.S. Strategy Towards China
"To improve U.S. policy towards China to avoid, and yet be prepared for, conflict requires going beyond simplistic applications of international relations theory. It means opening the 'black box' of China's policymaking process to understand why it makes the decisions it does and how this process has and is changing."
- Carnegie Council Senior Fellow David Speedie is Founding Member of The American Committee for East-West Accord
The Council is pleased to announce that David C. Speedie is a founding member of The American Committee for East-West Accord, an organization whose fundamental premise is that no real or lasting American, European, or international security generally is possible without essential kinds of stable cooperation with Russia.
- Winners of the 2015 International Student Photo Contest on Climate Change
Carnegie Council congratulates the winners of the 2015 International Student Photo Contest. The topic was climate change. We asked contestants to send us examples of climate change OR examples of combating or adapting to climate change. See all the winning photos here.
- Winter is Coming: Why Vladimir Putin and the Enemies of the Free World Must be Stopped
Garry Kasparov is an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin's authoritarianism, but he is equally critical of the United States and its allies for their unwillingness to confront Moscow. In this fascinating discussion, he and journalist Robert Kaiser grapple with complex and difficult questions about Russia and the "free world," and what we mean by a moral foreign policy.
- Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
"Artificial intelligence" is a misnomer, says computer scientist Jerry Kaplan. Machines are not intelligent; their programmers are. What we're seeing is a huge acceleration of automation, which will eliminate all kinds of jobs and create all kinds of unimaginable new ones. This will create a great deal of wealth. But the question is who will get that wealth?
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016
Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
- Back to the Future? Battlefield Nuclear Weapons in South Asia
In this information-filled talk, Jeff McCausland, a retired U.S. Army colonel, explains why the India/Pakistan border may be the most dangerous place on the planet. With nuclear weapons, a contentious history, and world powers vying for influence, a crisis could easily escalate to a "catastrophic" level. Are there lessons to be learned from the Cold War?
- Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist
From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Resources for 2015
Russia, human rights, energy, business ethics—these were among the most popular topics our varied audiences accessed this year. Check out the most popular podcasts and web resources from 2015.
- The State of the European Union: Challenges for the Future
Yes, says former EU Commission president José Manuel Barroso, the European Union is facing extraordinary challenges. But the EU also possesses extraordinary resilience and resources. Unlike many, Barroso is very optimistic about its future.
- Suchitra Vijayan on the Politics and Rhetoric of the Refugee Crisis
The co-founder of the Resettlement Legal Aid Project in Cairo during the Iraq War, Suchitra Vijayan discusses the refugee crisis from a legal, political, and humanitarian point of view. She details the remarkable empathy needed to work in the field and why the United States and Europe have an ethical responsibility to respond to the situation.
- Afghanistan and Pakistan: The Re-emergence of the Taliban and the Arrival of ISIS
Ahmed Rashid and Barnett Rubin dissect the complicated situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan--a region of many competing terrorist groups--and also comment on ISIS in the Middle East and Europe. ISIS is actually a war within Islam, declares Rashid, and the West's main task should be to help mobilize and unite the Muslim world to fight it.
- Perspectives from Inside a Tumultuous Middle East: Syria-Iraq-ISIS-Russia and Iran
The majority of the Arab World seeks justice, accountability, and democracy, says Beirut-based Rami Khouri. What we are dealing with now is bad governance in the region combined with the terrible consequences of continuous foreign military intervention: American, Russian, European, Iranian, Israeli, and inter-Arab.
- Beyond Paris: The Refugee Crisis in Europe
"Closing borders in the West will not only worsen the already unimaginable human rights disaster that asylum seekers are facing, but it will also add fuel to the Eurosceptics' fire as they work to destabilize the European Union. And this is all compounded by the fact that closing borders doesn't work."
- Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
Master storyteller, researcher, and traveler Simon Winchester takes us on a fascinating voyage through the Pacific, tying it all together with two ethical questions: Should the Americans and the Chinese have a level playing field? And should we respect the ways of the Pacific ancients?
- Addressing Root Causes of Unrest in Arab Countries
What's the best way to create stability in the Middle East and North Africa? Get more young people into the workforce, says Ron Bruder, founder of Education for Employment. EFE programs are all run by locals; training is carefully matched to real job opportunities; and for maximum social impact, EFE trains mainly women.
- Julia Taylor Kennedy on Unlocking the Value of Veterans in the Workforce
Veterans face life-or-death challenges during their military service, but adjusting to a life in the workforce can be even trickier for some. Just in time for Veteran's Day, Julia Taylor Kennedy discusses her new book "Mission Critical," which offers in-depth research and tangible solutions on this important and under-reported issue.
- Carnegie Council Applauds new Book, "Mission Critical: Unlocking the Value of Veterans in the Workforce"
Companies are using up to 30 percent of recruiting budgets to source and hire veterans, yet a new study finds that, despite their valuable skill sets, veterans are stalling out once they enter the U.S. workforce. What can be done to change this?
- The Aging of the Cuban Embargo and the Coming Era in U.S.-Latin American Relations
The decades-long U.S.trade embargo is still in force, yet meanwhile time has not stood still for Cuba. Lynn Holland looks at Cuba's network of overseas alliances, which range from trade to education, medical diplomacy, and peacekeeping. She goes on to discuss areas of fruitful cooperation between the U.S. and Cuba.
- The Putin Worldview, Russia in Syria, and the Ukraine Elections
Professor Nicolai Petro was one of a few American experts to attend the Valdai Discussion Club, an annual conference in Moscow on Russia's foreign policy attended by President Vladimir Putin. Here, Petro discusses Putin's worldview and the Russian military intervention in Syria and analyzes the recent elections in Ukraine.
- Jiyoung Song on Asia and the West: "Whose Century?"
Is this the end of the American Century, the beginning of an Asian Century, or none of the above? Is there a model for the state in Asia? Is there a common set of values? Is there a set of ethics that will be attractive to the rest of the world? These are just some of the questions that Jiyoung Song addresses in this interview on Asia and the West.
- Riverkeeper, Defending New York's Hudson River
Riverkeeper fights to protect the Hudson and the drinking water for nine million New Yorkers. Paul Gallay relates three of its success stories, offering lessons for other communities. Whether working on a local level or tackling climate change on a global one, his advice is the same: be realistic, honest, and, above all, creative and courageous.
- Chinese Immigrant Experiences in New York City
Manhattan's Chinatown is a city within a city; it's very poorly understood by outsiders. This panel of insiders helps change that. Topics include migrant financing, an overview of Chinese migration, the Chinatown gang wars of the 1970s, the "model minority" myth, and today's encroaching gentrification.
- American Century, Asian Century, or Nobody's Century?
Is the American century coming to a close, and if so, what's taking its place? Was there ever an American century to begin with? These questions have been around for at least a decade, but are still under debate. In this lively discussion, three experts with different perspectives give their opinions and forecasts for the future.
- Clip of the Month: Michael Weiss on the Morality of the American Fight Against ISIS
Daily Beast senior editor Michael Weiss discusses the complexities of the U.S. fight against ISIS, including how it has fed into a conspiracy theory that Obama wants to "disenfranchise Sunnis," with the help of Iran and Russia.
- Doomed to Succeed: The U.S.-Israel Relationship from Truman to Obama
Today, America's ties to Israel are so close that when there are differences, they tend to make the news. But it was not always this way. Ambassador Ross deftly lays out the surprising history of the U.S-Israel relationship. He goes on to answer questions on U.S. policies and the current worrying situation across the Middle East.
- Trans-Pacific Partnership: Prospects and Challenges
After nearly five years of difficult talks, 12 Pacific Rim states have finalized the text of the TPP, a free-trade agreement that has the potential to change the face of global commerce. Ankit Panda of "The Diplomat" spoke to Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart, who worked on the preliminary blueprint for the TPP earlier in his career.
- Russia's Intervention and the Fight against ISIL with U.S. Army Veteran Asha Castleberry
The good news is that ISIL has lost one-third of the key areas that it took over, both in Iraq and Syria, says Castleberry. But the Russian intervention in Syria has complicated things; she explains just how.
- Karenna Gore on Faith Communities and the Environment
Karenna Gore, daughter of Al Gore and director of the Center for Earth Ethics, discusses how faith communities (including indigenous peoples) are rallying to combat climate change; what she sees as a shift in consciousness in how we define success; and much more.
- Pope Francis Among the Wolves: The Inside Story of a Revolution
Francis is the first pope who wasn't born in a village, says Vatican expert Marco Politi, but in a mega-city with many social-economic levels and faiths. "This explains why when he speaks he doesn't speak only to Catholics, not only to Christians. He speaks beyond religious borders. He speaks to men and women as they are in contemporary society."
- Messrs. Obama and Putin: Put Syria and Syrians First
While the U.S. and Russia disagree over the fate of Assad, they share a self-interested resolve to defeat the ISIL forces that now control large swathes of eastern Syria. It is frustrating to look on as the two leaders snipe at each other over how to accomplish this--rather like two Neros fiddling while Rome, or in this case Damascus, burns.
- NATO in the 21st Century: Addressing New and Urgent Challenges
NATO is now in its third historical phase, says U.S. Ambassador to NATO Douglas Lute in this informative, useful talk. "There is now a sense that NATO faces maybe not just one threat, a newly aggressive, newly assertive Russia, but also concerns from the Southeast with ISIS and potentially from instability in the South across the Mediterranean as well."
- Is the Eurozone Crisis Over?
Economist Martin Wolf lays out the three enormous problems Europe faces today: relations with Russia; a possible Brexit; and the migration crisis. He goes on to analyze Europe's economic situation, declaring that the 2008 crash resulted in well over a lost decade, and the economic and political repercussions will be felt for many more years to come.
- Democracy as Myth and Fact
"Do democracies have the capacity to adjust? Can they expand their ideas of national interest to tackle collective challenges? Can they function in ways that serve the weak as well as the strong? I am an optimist. But the results are not certain."
- INTERNATIONAL PEACE DAY, 2015
"We need to be aroused to our duty and banish war." Andrew Carnegie, 1914, on the founding of the Church Peace Union (now Carnegie Council). Continuing Carnegie's mission, the Council presents a selection of resources on the struggle for peace.
- Let's Be Realistic About the "Military Option" Against Iran
Three dozen retired generals and admirals recently signed a letter supporting the agreement with Iran and declaring it a better option than military action. Why? Because they know that the benefits of such a campaign are doubtful while the costs are certain, says Gulf War veteran Col. Tom Davis, who cogently lays out the pitfalls of using force.
- Global Tax Avoidance: Who's Responsible?
We investigate the complex world of tax avoidance, starting with the mining industry in Zambia. Activists, documentarians, and economists give perspectives on how corporations avoid taxes and how this practice is now entrenched in business and government.
- Compromise and Rotten Compromises: A Reflection on the Iran Deal
Ultimately, will the Iran nuclear deal be a good compromise or a rotten one? For an ethicist, one question lingers. Why did the American-led negotiators de-link the nuclear issue from every other issue? If the agreement enables Iran to pursue its most malign policies by other means, the deal may prove rotten after all.
- Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran: Assessment and Prospects
Professor Gary Sick, Iran expert at Columbia University and lead White House negotiator during the 1979 Iran hostage crisis, assesses the merits of the recently negotiated agreement on Iran's nuclear program and the prospects for the upcoming vote in Congress.
- Bringing Ukraine Back Into Focus: How to End the New Cold War and Provide Effective Political Assistance to Ukraine
Peacemaking efforts in Ukraine have failed because two crises must be addressed simultaneously. The first is the crisis within Ukraine over whether it should be a monocultural or bicultural nation. The second is the crisis in Russian relations with the West. The key is viewing Russia as part of the solution, rather than as the problem.
- Seventy Years after Hiroshima: Nuclear Weapons, 2015
Seventy years after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear weapons remain one of the greatest dangers we face. What is the situation today, given that the world has an estimated 15,700 nuclear weapons? Carnegie Council presents a selection of resources on this crucial topic.
- "Soft Power": The Values that Shape Russian Foreign Policy
In the increasingly frigid environment of U.S.-Russia relations, much attention is given to what may be seen as Russia's strategic "interests." Of at least equal significance for understanding Russian attitudes, however, is a grasp of the values, the moral framework for Russia's foreign policy.
- To Sow the Wind: An Argument Against the War on Terror
The just war tradition--a tradition that once thought war tragically endemic and sometimes justified, but never simply, unambiguously just--has lost its profound Augustinian political skepticism and moral realism, argues David Widdicombe. Wasn't the restraint of force always a better (foundational) idea than the pursuit of justice?
- A Conversation on Climate Change with Conservation International's M. Sanjayan
In late June, "Ethics & International Affairs" senior editor Zach Dorfman sat down with M. Sanjayan, senior scientist at Conservation International, at the Aspen Ideas Festival to discuss our climate-changed world, and why--on some days at least--he's hopeful about our environmental future.
- When CEOs Become Activists
Corporate leaders' influence reaches beyond the walls of their businesses. How do they use that power, and what are the ethical, business, and political consequences? Discover how BP's John Browne and Shell's Mark Moody-Stuart influenced politics in oil-producing countries and how Browne and Apple's Tim Cook weighed in on LGBT issues. *This podcast was amended on August 3, 2015; see transcript.
- Ukraine and the Future of Reforms
In May 2015, a time of crisis not only for Ukraine but also for the future of the entire EU, Cloud and Gvosdev went to Lithuania, Poland, Germany, and Belgium and had frank discussions on Ukraine with former and current government officials and think-tank representatives, and with EU officials in Brussels. Here are their findings.
- Iraqi Unity & the Fight Against ISIL with U.S. Army Veteran Asha Castleberry
"The most important thing right now is that the Iraqis have to defeat ISIL, and in order to do that, they have to achieve national unity," says Castleberry, who recently returned from the Middle East. She also discusses the roles of Egypt, Jordan, and the Gulf Cooperation Council in this important and complex mission.
- The Republic of Conscience
According to former U.S. Senator Gary Hart, Congress, the military, and even the Supreme Court have fallen victim to special interests and ignored America's founding principles. What can we do about it? "Get angry," he says, in this enlightening and ultimately hopeful talk.
- U.S.-Russia Relations: Critical and Unstable
"What was a troubled relationship is now on life support, and the deterioration has taken place in the most existentially perilous area of arms control, specifically nuclear weapons," says David Speedie. How can the United States and Russia move from "zero-sum" to "constructive engagement"?
- Ethical Leadership: A Conversation with Chuck Hagel
The one constant in Chuck Hagel's varied and pressure-filled career has been ethical leadership. How have his experiences--in war, the boardroom, Congress, and as secretary of defense--shaped his leadership style?
- An Interview with Jim Sleeper on the Future of Liberal Education
Is anything in liberal education nonnegotiable? In this EIA interview, Jim Sleeper, author of "Innocents Abroad: Liberal Educators in Illiberal Societies," published in the journal's summer 2015 issue, talks about how numerous American universities are testing these limits.
- Innocents Abroad? Liberal Educators in Illiberal Societies
Is anything in liberal education nonnegotiable? With numerous expansions abroad, American universities are testing these limits.
- Agenda for the Future: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
"Our planet is indivisible. There is no longer such a thing as a small, faraway country. No such thing as an acceptable level of discrimination, against any group." Don't miss this moving speech by UN High Commissioner Al Hussein, which covers all aspects of the universal principles of human rights, including the current refugee crisis.
- A Conversation with Ethan Zuckerman on the Ethics of the Internet
"We have the capacity to get stories from every part of the globe. The question is, what do we want to pay attention to? The crazy thing that has happened over 20 years of the consumer Internet is that we have told the market that we care about people who look like us, act like us, feel like us, and we don't much care about anybody else."
- Migrant Deaths Worldwide
There is no going back to a world in which migration can be prevented. The only solution to the global crisis of migrant deaths is to merge humanitarian efforts to aid and rescue migrants with coordinated, cooperative efforts to open safe, long-term migration channels throughout regions, and even the world.
- The Strategic Importance of U.S.-China Trade Ties
Everyone worries about the escalation of China's maritime disputes in the South China Sea. But the greatest long-term threat to U.S.-China relations may be something far less vivid, warns analyst Ali Wyne.
- From Nuclear Deterrence to Disarmament: Evolving Catholic Perspectives
In this timely and important discussion on nuclear weapons, Des Browne provides the broader policy context; Archbishop Auza presents the Holy See's position over the last 70 years; Father Hehir connects the policy debate and the moral debate; and Professor Love connects the nuclear debate to the wider debate about peacebuilding.
- Ethics in U.S. Foreign Policy: Spymaster Jack Devine on the CIA
"The thing that attracted me to the Agency was a sense of mission," says 32-year CIA veteran Jack Devine. In this discussion he talks candidly about Allende's fall, Iraq, Iran, Edward Snowden, torture, drones, and more. And when asked if he were young would he join today's post-9/11 CIA, he replies without hesitation: "You betcha!"
- An Interview with Shefa Siegel on Liberia, Ebola, and the Cult of Bankable Projects
It's not for lack of money that international organizations failed to prevent the disastrous spread of Ebola, says Shefa Siegel. It's for lack of flexibility and an inability to develop a comprehensive picture of what's going on and what the development needs are in any given country--take Liberia, which has a mere 50 doctors to serve its population of 4 million.
- Crisis in Yemen: Instability on the Arabian Peninsula
In this grim, masterful talk Bernard Haykel explains the complex historical background and current realities of the crisis in Yemen. In doing so, he analyzes key foreign players: the Saudis, now with a new king, whose favorite son is playing a major role; the Iranians and their proxy, Hezbollah; and the Americans, whose policy he describes as "catastrophic."
- U.S.-China MOOC Cooperation: Toward Educational Advancement
Although MOOCs are booming in China, the country still faces structural and technical challenges. A U.S.-China partnership on MOOCs will offer educational benefits to the large labor force in China and an additional market to expanding MOOCs in the United States.
- Addressing Modern-Day Slavery in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)
Of the world's 36 million trafficking victims, nearly two-thirds are from Asian countries. In order for the United States and Asia to have a promising future in trade, foreign policy negotiations, and mutual investment in socioeconomic development, there must be a closer collaboration to eradicate this terrible crime.
- Israel, Iran, and ISIL: A Report on Security Challenges for the Greater Middle East
Charles Freilich, former Israeli deputy national security advisor, speaks on a wide-ranging set of topics, from Israel's post-election domestic politics to external threats from ISIL--and why the May 2 preliminary agreement between the P5 + 1 and Iran may be seen as a positive development for Israel.
- The UN's Efforts in International Development: Relevant or Not?
Which development initiatives really work? Drawing on his personal and professional experience, the UN's David Malone notes that experts' projects often fail and there are many paths to growth--take India and China, for example. The trend now is to move away from grand schemes. What's important are each group's social preferences.
- Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution
The Middle East needs a double revolution--not just a political one, but a social/sexual one as well, says fiery, courageous feminist Mona Eltahawy. It's time to destroy the oppressive patriarchy of "the trifecta:" the state, the street, and the home. But Arab women don't need "rescuing." Misogyny exists everywhere in varying degrees. Fight it at your own, local level.
- Towards Non-Western Histories in International Relations Textbooks
"Exceptionalism" and many other concepts didn't originate solely in the West, yet most international relations textbooks continue to focus on Western history when outlining the evolution of the international order. Francis Grice shows what a lopsided, misleading worldview this is, and suggests how to move towards providing truly global histories.
- Full Planet, Empty Plates
"We are in transition today from an age of surpluses to an age of scarcity," says Lester Brown. The reasons are manifold: population growth; climate change; water scarcity; a substantial part of the U.S. grain harvest being used for fuel; increased demands because of rising affluence; and a glass ceiling for crop yields.
- Teaching About Intractable Conflicts: The Olive Tree Initiative
How can students learn to think more critically about conflicted regions and to engage people with different views in constructive dialogue? The Olive Tree Initiative combines a short study trip to a conflicted region, rigorous study both pre- and post-trip, and close mentorship that focuses on leadership development.
- The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe
When it comes to medical research using human beings, who decides what's right? How do the U.S. institutional review boards work? What does "informed consent" mean when you need a law degree to understand the consent forms? How are clinical trails conducted overseas? Dr. Klitzman explores these troubling and complex ethical concerns.
- How to get from Soviet Studies to Russian Studies
The end of major government funding for Russian studies offers a chance to start studying Russia properly, argues Nicolai Petro, and that's something which is sorely needed.
- Defending our Borders vs. Defending our Liberties: ACLU's Anthony D. Romero
From the NSA and the kill list, to the failure to close Guantanamo and prosecute those who committed torture, Obama's national security policies are not substantively different from those of George W. Bush, laments Romero. He also discusses 9/11, the history of the ACLU, and the troubling privatization of U.S. prisons.
- Blueprint for Revolution: How to Use Rice Pudding, Lego Men, and Other Nonviolent Techniques to Galvanize Communities, Overthrow Dictators, or Simply Change the World
In the late 1990s, using humor, irony, and imagination, Popovic and his friends toppled Serbian dictator Milošević. They went on to found CANVAS, which now advises activists in more than 15 countries. Popovic explains that nonviolent struggle is a teachable skill, and that nonviolence is not only the most ethical, but the most successful path to revolution.
- Are We At War With Islam?
In Europe, both non-Muslims and Muslims need to honestly confront and contend with the stereotypes, anxieties, and resentments they have about each other, says Professor Cesari in this probing conversation on Muslims in Europe.
- Juan Cole on Europe's Muslims and More
In this enlightening conversation, Professor Cole, an expert in relations between the Muslim world and the West, gives an on-the-ground perspective on the Iran nuclear talks and the reaction to them in the Arab world, Muslims in Europe, Yemen, ISIS, and much more.
- Ethical Systems Design: Bringing Behavioral Science Into Corporate Life
This is the first in a series of podcasts in collaboration with EthicalSystems.org to explore behavioral science in the workplace. In this installment, we're turning to the financial industry, specifically Deutsche Bank and the Federal Reserve, to explore how the financial system is beginning to apply behavioral economics to incentivize ethical decision-making and foster internal ethical cultures.
- P5 + 1 + Iran: Report on the Ongoing Nuclear Talks
Speaking on the very day of the nuclear framework, Ambassador Mousavian explains why he believes the agreement is positive progress for both sides. And in a candid and forthright discussion with the audience, he explains the Iranian perspective on Israel, the U.S.-Israel relationship, ISIS, and also the workings of the Iranian government.
- Clip of the Month: Michael Walzer on the Radicalism of Early American Secularism
Michael Walzer, professor emeritus of the Institute for Advanced Study, tells a story about changes to postal law in the 1800s to illustrate the strictness of American secularism, even among religious citizens and politicians.
- American Energy Challenges and Global Leadership in the Years Ahead
Thanks to new technologies for extracting oil and natural gas, such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), the United States is now the biggest producer of energy in the world. What do plummeting energy prices mean for sellers and consumers around the world--and what will be the likely consequences for climate change?
- It's the Fears not the Fear Mongering that We Should Focus On
"Instead of focusing on Netanyahu's fear mongering, let's focus on trying to assuage Israeli fears. Only then will Israelis vote for someone who really supports Palestinian statehood."
- Russia's Orthodox Soft Power
Russia's values are often overlooked, or treated simplistically as the antithesis of Western values. We should understand that the close relationship between the Orthodox Church and the state provides Russia's foreign policy with a definable moral framework, one that given its popularity, is likely to continue to shape policies well into the future.
- The Kurdish Spring: A New Map of the Middle East
In this stirring, information-filled talk on the Kurdish people, David Phillips recounts centuries of abuse and repression against the world's "largest stateless people." But he also illuminates the vitality of today's Kurds, who are "pro-Western and secular" and have proven to be America's most capable regional partners in the fight against ISIS.
- The United States, Russia, and Ukraine: Report from Moscow
Dmitri Trenin, director of Carnegie Endowment's Moscow Center, served in the Soviet and Russian military for two decades and understands both the Russian and U.S. points of view. He warns that U.S.-Russia relations are heading for a new version of the Cold War, and also discusses the Russian economy and its relations with China and other countries.
- Nigeria and the Horror of Boko Haram
"Like other radical insurgencies, Boko Haram is fueled by poor governance, political marginalization, and its region's deepening impoverishment," says former Ambassador to Nigeria John Campbell. "However, it is also shaped by specifically Nigerian circumstances and factors." This talk helps us understand Boko Haram's roots, ideology, and goals.
- Dual Legacy: The Effect of Business Thinking on the Social Sector
This month on "Impact," we're taking a close look at a huge issue--legacy. In this case, we're examining how it relates to contemporary philanthropy and the social sector in general. Specifically, we examine the $37-billion Gates Foundation's dual legacy in promoting global health, and in shaping the social sector at large.
- The Nemtsov Tragedy, and the Blame Game
Since Boris Nemtsov's murder in Moscow on February 27, we have been regaled by a range of ill-informed conspiracy theories, writes David Speedie. Yet Putin would have almost nothing to gain, and something to lose, from Nemtsov's fate. Speedie argues that there is another theory that is as chilling as it is plausible.
- Carnegie Council Congratulates Sayaka Osakabe on her International Women of Courage Award
Ms. Osakabe has become a national symbol of women's rights in Japan, leading a campaign to combat discrimination against pregnant women. Read more about her and about Devin Stewart's research on the changing role of women in Japan, including an interview with Ms. Osakabe.
- Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics
Medical tourism is big business, involving millions of patients who travel abroad to get health care. Some travel to avoid queues and save money. Others seek services that are illegal in their own country, such as abortions and surrogate pregnancies. As Cohen explains, this growing industry opens a Pandora's box of legal and ethical questions.
- Killing and Cartoons
This year Paris and Copenhagen learned that there are still people willing to kill for cartoons. The dilemma of what to think about their publication remains. What to do? Moral philosopher David Rodin tackles the difficult questions surrounding free speech in liberal societies.
- Then and Now: Eight Lingering Questions on U.S.-Russia-Ukraine
In March 2014, David Speedie posed eight questions on the Ukraine crisis. With an ongoing civil war in Ukraine some 15 months after the Maidan rebellion and overthrow of Ukraine's elected president, it seems time for eight new questions reflective of the ongoing crisis, and of the consequent relentless downward spiral in U.S.-Russia relations.
- Clip of the Month: I. Glenn Cohen on the Ethics of Medical Tourism
Harvard Law professor Glenn Cohen, the author of "Patients With Passports," details some of the moral considerations to keep in mind about traveling to a foreign country to get an organ transplant, including unexpected post-operative regret from the donor.
- Ukraine: The New Cuban Missile Crisis?
"There can be no military solution to the war in Ukraine, only a political one," says Carnegie Council Global Ethics Fellow Rajan Menon, co-author of "Conflict in Ukraine: The Unwinding of the Post-Cold War Order." "And sending arms to Ukraine to gain political leverage against Russia will set back prospects for a solution."
- Secularism and Liberalism in the Middle East: Conversation with Ahed Al Hendi (Syria) and Faisal Al-Mutar (Iraq)
How can the international community help human rights activists on the front lines? David Keyes and two dissidents discuss practical steps individuals can take.
- A Conversation with Leon Botstein, President of Bard College and Champion of Liberal Arts Education
In this wide-ranging and entertaining conversation, Leon Botstein discusses Bard's innovative programs to serve the underserved, which include Bard high schools, prison education programs, and international operations; the marginalization of the humanities; and his refreshing and inclusive approach to classical music.
- Examining the Potential for an American Truth and Reconciliation Commission
The deaths of Michael Brown and Eric Garner catalyzed discussions nationwide over race relations in the United States. Surely it's time for some kind of Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). But how would it work? This essay examines other TRCs--including two in the U.S.--and proposes a solution tailored to fit America in all its diversity.
- Flashpoints: The Emerging Crisis in Europe
"Europe has always been a place of conflict and malice and anger and hatred, between classes and between nations. The question now is, can it be contained? I doubt it very much. The period from 1992 to 2008 was an interregnum, and an unnatural one. Europe is returning to itself, and when Europe gets sick, the world gets sick with it."
- "Imagining a Better Future: Trust in Our Protectors" by Angela Yoon
"In order to rebuild peace in this century of discord, nations who have or are currently experiencing strife should pursue Security Sector Reform (SSR), with the support and assistance of the international community."
- The Afghan Challenge
With a new president in charge, can Afghanistan find a way out of decades of conflict and oppression? What will be the effect of the U.S. troop drawdown? UN Ambassador Zahir Tanin and Afghan expert Barnett Rubin discuss Afghanistan's future.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015
"The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
- Cuba's Pivotal Role on the World Stage
One might not think that a small island like Cuba could play a critical role in world politics. Yet the circumstances of Obama's decision to restore diplomatic relations with Cuba should prompt us to see the country in a new light. We should examine the role of Russia in this event, as well as the repercussions in the rest of Latin America.
- Unaccountable: Janine Wedel on how Elite Power Brokers have Corrupted the U.S. System
Anthropologist Janine Wedel exposes America's "new corruption"--the unprecedented ways that many politicians, retired generals, academics, bankers, and physicians exploit their prestige and insider knowledge.
- Money and American Politics: A Conversation with Lawrence Lessig
On a crusade against the corrupting influence of money in politics, Lawrence Lessig founded a "super PAC" which raised $10 million to support candidates committed to radical reform of campaign financing. Most of them lost, but Lessig is not daunted. He fights on, convinced that the majority of Americans agree with him and that change will come.
- The Rise of ISIS: Implications for U.S. Strategy, Interests, and Values
How did ISIS grow so quickly? What is the best strategy to overcome it and how long will it take? How should the U.S. deal with Syria and Iran? Is this the beginning of a complete restructuring of the Middle East? This in-depth analysis from an expert panel shows that there are no easy answers, and a long struggle lies ahead.
- A Conversation with Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster
How can U.S. soldiers be trained to maintain ethical and legal standards in today's complex and often brutal environment? How is the Army preparing for current and future conflicts, in terms of military hardware, technology, and even social media? In this wide-ranging talk, Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster discusses these challenges and more.
- America in Retreat: The New Isolationism and the Coming Global Disorder
America is not in decline, but it's certainly in retreat, says Stephens, and this is a mistake. He argues that the United States is the ultimate guarantor of a relatively decent, stable, liberal world order, governed by a sense of rules and the knowledge, both among its friends and adversaries, that it has the will and the wherewithal to ensure its interests.
- Clip of the Month: Lt. Gen. Michael T. Flynn on American Values & the Senate Torture Report
General Michael T. Flynn (Ret.) discusses the Senate’s torture report, commending senators Feinstein and McCain on their respective statements and arguing for the importance of American values.
- Strategies for Countering Violent Extremists
Jean-Paul Laborde, executive director of the UN Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) discusses the role of the UN in countering terrorism worldwide.
- Outpost: Life on the Frontlines of American Diplomacy
Former ambassador Hill has worked on some of the most dangerous and difficult problems in U.S. diplomacy, from the Balkans, to North Korea, to Iraq. In this astute and often funny talk, he gives an inside look at his work as a diplomat, and also discusses the latest crises, from ISIS and Syria, to Ukraine and dealing with Russia.
- From "Indispensable Nation" to "Realism-Based Restraint": Reconsidering U.S. Engagement with the World
Former ambassador Chas Freeman has had a wide breadth of diplomatic experience, from the Middle East to Africa, East Asia, and Europe. In this conversation he eloquently speaks his mind on the negative effects of sanctions, the folly of U.S. unqualified support for Israel, the U.S. strategy and diplomacy deficits, and much more.
- Michael Ignatieff in Conversation with Paul Holdengräber at the NYPL
Carnegie Council Centennial Chairman Michael Ignatieff, a Canadian writer, teacher, and former politician, discusses his life, his work, and the Council's Centennial project, Ethics for a Connected World.
- Clip of the Month: Chas W. Freeman, Jr. on Wrestling, the Ottoman Sultan, & Fighting ISIS
Chas Freeman, former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia, says that Arab countries need to provide the moral response to ISIS, or Da'ish. He also compares national security to sports and America to the Ottoman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
- A Conversation with David Keyes on Advancing Human Rights
In the Soviet era, it was difficult to alert the world of what was happening to dissidents, says David Keyes. Today, however, there's an overload of information from YouTube and other sources and the challenge is how to overcome "human rights fatigue." He explains how crowd-sourcing and other means can get the word out.
- A Conversation with Will Kymlicka on the Challenges of Multiculturalism
From Canada to Europe, how do different societies deal with immigrant groups? How have their policies evolved and where are they headed? What rights should domestic animals have? Will Kymlicka ably shows that the world is going through a rights revolution, demolishing the old hierarchies and gradually becoming more and more inclusive.
- A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
In this candid and thoughtful conversation, General Dempsey tackles the difficult questions, from ISIS to Ebola to cyber threats. And throughout, he stresses the importance of ethics, education, and service.
- Global Ethics and the Point of View of the Universe
Sidgwick's concept of looking at issues from "the point of view of the universe"--in other words, giving equal weight to everyone's interests, irrespective of who they are, now or in future--can be the basis for a global ethic, says utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer. He goes on to explain what this means for all of us in practical, concrete terms.
- Clip of the Month: General Martin Dempsey on ISIS
General Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, describes how the U.S. Military is fighting ISIS in Syria, amidst the brutal civil war.
- From Paris to Moscow: The Rise of New Far-Right Movements Across Europe
What effect has the Ukraine crisis had on the rise of ultra-nationalist forces in Russia and what has been the impact on Russia's neighbors? What is the situation among Europe's different far-right movements? Russia/Eurasia/Europe expert Marlene Laruelle has answers to these complex questions and more.
- If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities
In the face of the most perilous challenges of our time, from terrorism to climate change, nation-states seem paralyzed. Can cities and the mayors who run them do a better job? The answer is yes, says Benjamin Barber, and in fact they are already doing it.
- The Shifts and the Shocks: What We've Learned--and Have Still to Learn--From the Financial Crisis
Why did the 2008 financial crisis occur? What should it teach us about modern economies and economics? Martin Wolf does a masterly job of untangling this complex catastrophe and proposes how we can avoid repeating our past mistakes.
- Needs Work: A Troubled U.S.-Russia Relationship
"The febrile hyperbole of criticism directed at Russia as a result of the crisis in Ukraine is misdirected and harmful to both Russia and the United States," argues David Speedie.
- The Middle East in Crisis: A View from Israel
Chuck Freilich, former Israeli deputy national security adviser, speaks from Tel Aviv on turbulence across the greater Middle East, including the ISIL threat, Iran and the P5+1 negotiations, and prospects for the peace process.
- Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy
What are the requirements for a liberal democracy? It's not just voting, says Fukuyama. It needs a distinction between public and private interest; rule of law; and accountability. Although the U.S. started off as a weak, corrupt state, it became a liberal democracy. Yet all political systems are subject to decay, and that's what's happening to the U.S. today.
- Elite Perceptions of the United States in Europe and Asia
An interesting new report finds that political and business leaders in Asia value U.S. hard power while Europeans focus on American values. Both, however, view U.S. business and entrepreneurial spirit more positively than the government. What do these attitudes mean for policymakers and civil society?
- A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire
In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
- Foreign Fighters in Syria
How is ISIS structured? Why are young Muslims from many countries going to Syria to join it? What is the nature and extent of the threat and how can it be overcome? Counterintelligence expert Richard Barrett (formerly with MI5, MI6, and the UN) gives an informative, balanced, and perceptive report. Don't miss it.
- The Central American Child Emigration Crisis: Facts, Figures, and Root Causes
Beginning in early 2014, news reports noted the rising number of unaccompanied minors attempting to cross the U.S. border with Mexico. Soon, it was described as a crisis. What made this flow of migrants a crisis? Who are these unaccompanied minors? What caused their migration? Did the United States play a role in it?
- How to Prevent Another Great Recession
First, there will definitely be another recession, says Ay. As long as people make free economic decisions, they will make mistakes. But it's important to understand the fundamental reasons behind the recent subprime crisis. She goes on to discuss financial regulation, loan securitization, and the pitfalls of encouraging home ownership.
- Climate Change and the Future of Humanity
Climate change is already here. The seas are rising, the glaciers are melting, and the atmosphere is warming. How can we work together to set a different course for humanity?
- Big Data, Virginia Woolf, and the Right to be Forgotten
As a society, we're still developing vocabulary to talk about data technology and the moral questions it raises. In this first of a series of podcasts on data and privacy, we’ll explore how big data is used and the underlying moral questions that impact how our global economy--and society--develops in this world of increasingly data-driven commerce.
- Mary Dudziak on Civil Liberties During WWI and Beyond
"Just as the nation is perpetually focused on security, we must also be perpetually focused on maintaining constitutional liberty."
- World War to a Global Ethic
"We come here—100 years to the day from the calamitous events of the summer of 1914—to remember, to take stock, and to recommit to the ideals passed on to us by Andrew Carnegie and others. The Carnegie ideal was simple but audacious: it is indeed realistic and possible to use reason and experience to improve the ways in which we live."
- Religion in War and Reconciliation
"There is a long way to go before religious communities become more of a resource for reducing rather than a source for increasing antagonism. But to move in that direction clearly requires greater understanding at the local level."
- Sarajevo Symposium, Closing Remarks
"We have all got to live with each other. There will be Serbs here in a thousand years, Croats here in a thousand years. We're stuck with each other. We don't have to love each other. This is not a council of brotherhood and unity. We did that. It didn't go so well. It's just a council of deep individual responsibility for ourselves as historical agents in time."
- Ukraine and the New Divide between the United States and Russia
David Speedie interviews Dr. Dmitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, on how the Ukraine crisis has opened a new fissure in the relationship between the United States and Russia.
- A Clear and Present Danger: Why We Need the UN Security Council to Help Defeat ISIL
The relentless advance of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant poses an existential threat to countries of the region and a grave challenge to the world at large. The curbing and crushing of ISIL requires extraordinary measures, a "coalition of the concerned," led by the United States and working through and in cooperation with the UN Security Council.
- Carnegie's Vision for Peace: WNYC's Brian Lehrer Interviews Joel Rosenthal
On the eve of the 100th anniversary of World War I, Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal discusses the legacy of Andrew Carnegie, who thought that international arbitration would eventually put an end to war. We haven't reached that point yet, but are we more peaceful than we were 100 years ago?
- Toward Understanding Our World's Moral Landscape: Carnegie Council's Centennial Projects on a "Global Ethic"
As part of its Centennial activities, Carnegie Council launched several projects, including the Global Ethical Dialogues and Thought Leaders Forum, to explore the concept of a "global ethic." Senior Fellow Devin Stewart writes on the highlights from these two projects, including what leading thinkers believe to be the greatest ethical challenges.
- Crisis Breeds Opportunity for Worker Safety and Global Labor Rights
Tragic incidents in Bangladesh brought the issue of labor rights to the global stage once again. What are some new approaches to keeping factory workers safe? What is the role of different actors in taking responsibility for workplace conditions?
- Iran Nuclear Threat: Fact or Fiction?
Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews Dr. Gareth Porter, scholar, journalist, and skeptic concerning U.S. claims of an Iranian nuclear weapons program.
- It's Time for the United States to Ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child
America is one of only two countries that has not yet ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The other is Somalia. As the 25th anniversary of the CRC approaches this November, isn't it time the United States finally ratified it?
- We Have a Plan: From Sarajevo to Baghdad
How should we mark the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the event that led to WWI? Here in Sarajevo, remembering its tragic history at both the beginning and end of the 20th century, it's clear that passivity in the face of instability is not an answer. But it's equally clear that we should be humble about remedies.
- A Conversation with Law Professor and Columnist Rosa Brooks on Obama's Foreign Policy
With an insider's perspective, Rosa Brooks candidly discusses U.S. foreign policy, from Kosovo to Afghanistan, Syria, and Ukraine, along with her views on Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. Would Clinton have made a better president?
- The Naked Future: What Happens in a World That Anticipates Your Every Move?
Today we create information in everything that we do, and there is no going back. But instead of seeing this as as a threat, we should seize the opportunity to use it to our advantage, says Patrick Tucker. Big data can improve our lives, offering everything from more informed consumer choices to more accurate and detailed medical data.
- The Last Empire: The Final Days of the Soviet Union
Serhii Plokhy presents a bold new interpretation of the Soviet Union's final months, which places Ukraine at the center of the drama. And by providing the historical background for what is happening now, he shows that there are many key points linking 1991 to today.
- Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings
It's tempting to see today's Middle East conflicts as the continuation of centuries-old sectarian divisions, but Frederick Wehrey cautions against it. "Sectarianism is really a local institutional governance phenomenon that needs to be addressed through political reform in the Gulf, through ending discrimination, through greater participation in governance."
- A Conversation with Ezekiel Emanuel on Health Care Reform
A doctor, a former advisor to the Obama administration, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Emanuel has spent a generation advocating on health care reform. In this lively and sometimes heated discussion, he clearly and succinctly explains "Obamacare," why it evolved as it did, and what it will mean for Americans going forward.
- Corporations as Agents of Change
Can today's powerful multinational corporations be a force for social good? Should they be, and if so, how should this be implemented? Are they out for themselves, their customers, society, or some combination of all three?
- Essay on Singapore and the U.S. Wins 2014 Trans-Pacific Student Contest
The winning entry from Salina Lee (USA) and Nelson Chew (Singapore) is written as a seemingly light-hearted conversation between two good friends on a sightseeing trip in New York Harbor. Yet the essay goes deeper, looking at serious topics that concern both nations: civil liberties, education methods, and race.
- "The Past is Another Country:" The Epic Battle for the Civil Rights Act
The 1964 Civil Rights Act was a triumph of one vision--one history--of one America over another. Clay Risen's "The Bill of the Century: The Epic Battle for the Civil Rights Act" tells the story of the unsung heroes, and the shortcomings, of the Act.
- The Little Red Dot and the Land of the Free: Singapore and the United States
What defines your country? How do you perceive someone from a totally different background? Who would have guessed that an exchange between a Singaporean and an American would offer insights on the subtle connections that make two vastly different countries so very comparable.
- Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China
In Chinese, the word for ambition is "wild heart" and for millennia individual aspirations were looked down on, as the group always came first. How China has changed!
- Moral Imagination
David Bromwich draws upon thinkers such as Burke, Lincoln, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. to show that it is moral imagination which allows us to judge the right and wrong of actions apart from ourselves, to see the needs of strangers as clearly as the needs of friends. Thus it is essential to governing and to the well-being of the state.
- Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the Front Lines
Journalists have always faced attacks on their freedom to report stories and often on their physical safety as well. Now they face a new threat: digital surveillance. Electronic spying means that journalists cannot protect their sources, and undermines the public's confidence in the media's ability to operate without government interference.
- The Invisible Casualties Of America's Longest Wars
Did you know that one in three U.S. women veterans has been sexually assaulted? In 2013, even with about 85 percent of the assaults going unreported, they occurred at an average of more than 70 per day. Yet only about 35 percent of the reports went to court-martial proceedings.
- Scrambling to Adapt to Climate Change
For years, climate change activists avoided "adaptive" solutions because they thought it was admitting defeat. But with the reality of extreme weather and resource shortages, even the UN is calling for this strategy. This episode explores whether this increased focus on adaptation is equitable, and whether it distracts from mitigation efforts.
- Report from Ukraine: The Crisis Moves East
David Speedie discusses with Dr. Nicolai Petro, currently a Fulbright Fellow in Odessa, the recent outbreaks of violence in pro-Russia majority regions of Eastern Ukraine, the prospects for scheduled May elections, and the impact of the continuing crisis on U.S.-Russian relations.
- The Evolution of a Corporate Idealist: When Girl Meets Oil
How can corporations work to prevent human rights violations on their watch, as well as disasters like the BP Deepwater Horizon explosion? Christine Bader discusses her time at BP, where she was part of the invisible army of people inside corporations who are pushing for safer and more responsible practices.
- Jingo Unchained: What World War I Wrought
When we think about the centenary of World War I in 2014, we should consider first and foremost what it has meant for the life of our republic, and how the corrosive actions of a few can have enormously outsized consequences for the rest of us. One hundred years later, we are still fighting for or against Woodrow Wilson's war.
- Dance of the Furies: Michael Neiberg on Europe and the Outbreak of World War I
"It is impossible for me to see how a Second World War, a Holocaust, a Cold War, a globally-engaged United States, and decolonization could happen without the First World War. In fact, in my view we can gain a lot of clarity by seeing the two world wars as one war, almost as a second Thirty Years War."
- Ukraine, The Great Powers, Budapest, and "Astheneia"
Was it unethical for the United States to give Ukraine non-binding security guarantees as an inducement for giving up nuclear weapons?
- Iran and Nuclear Proliferation: Update with Joseph Cirincione
Joseph Cirincione, president of the Ploughshares Fund, discusses the status and prospects for the ongoing P5+1 talks in Vienna on Iran's nuclear program, and the importance of successful negotiations for the global nuclear nonproliferation agenda.
- Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East
What if a group decides democratically that they don't want to be liberal--that they want an "illiberal democracy"? Shadi Hamid argues that repression originally compelled Islamists to moderate their politics. But ironically, democratic openings pushed them back to their original fundamentalism, leaving no space for liberal norms such as women's rights.
- Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific
No wonder the South China Sea is important to China, says Robert Kaplan. It's the Mediterranean of Asia, the center of international commerce, including energy shipments. Plus, if the Chinese control it and thus gain access to the Indian Ocean, China will have a two-ocean navy, transforming it in military terms from a regional power into a world power.
- Blueprint or Scramble?
Climate change is impacting the globe in surprising ways. The Maldives might be submerged, but Canadian trade could benefit from new waterways. What's the best way forward--short-term responses or long-term solutions? Don't miss the next episode, which looks at the shift from climate change mitigation to adaptation.
- Conviction, Conflict, Community: A Conversation with George Rupp
The United States' problem is the presumption of individualism, which is deeply resented and resisted in most of the world, except in some parts of Western Europe. Until we get over that, we are not going to be able to engage with international issues, because we are unaware of how deeply unacceptable our default position is to all those other communities.
- Iran's Nuclear Program: Status and Prospects for the P5+1 Negotiations
Discussions among the Iran and the P5 countries and Germany on the Iranian nuclear energy program are ongoing in Vienna. William O. Beeman, professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Minnesota, who has written extensively on these issues, discusses the current state of affairs and possible outcomes.
- Driving Competitive Advantage through Values-Based Leadership
"There can be no choice between doing well financially and behaving responsibly in business," declares Barclays Group Chief Executive Antony Jenkins. "The last half-dozen years make it obvious that you cannot have long-term success without behaving responsibly. This has to be integral to how you operate a company."
- "Watchers of the Sky": Film Screening & Conversation with Luis Moreno-Ocampo
What are the challenges facing the International Criminal Court? How can it be more effective? Former ICC prosecutor Moreno-Ocampo explains.
- The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Jonathan Hansen on World War I (Part II)
"What does it mean to be patriotic in a nation founded on a set of putative universal principles and composed primarily of immigrants and their descendants? This is a timeless question that first came to a head in World War I and received renewed attention (though not much debate) in the wake of 9/11."
- The Ethics of Avoiding Conflict with China
Is there a policy prescription that can avoid turning predictions of a Sino-American clash into a self-fulfilling prophecy?
- Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Sebastian Junger
Journalist Sebastian Junger knows about war from the inside: the horror and pain, the excitement and heightened awareness, and the fierce brotherhood between soldiers. In this moving conversation he talks about his life and work, and ponders on what everyone owes their country, whether they choose to fight or stay home.
- The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Jonathan Hansen on World War I (Part I)
Jonathan Hansen refers to a group of American scholars, public intellectuals, and social reformers—such as W. E. B. Du Bois, Eugene V. Debs, Jane Addams, and Randolph Bourne—as "cosmopolitan patriots." What were their reactions to World War I and how were they different from their peers? To find out, read this fascinating interview.
- Blowing the Whistle
Has the perception of whistleblowers changed? With high-profile cases like Edward Snowden and increased protections for those who accuse their employers of misconduct, have we moved away from the view that it "takes a rogue to catch a rogue"? Tobacco industry whistleblower Jeffrey Wigand and others discuss blowing the whistle in the U.S.
- The Leading Indicators: A Short History of the Numbers That Rule Our World
"By relying so heavily on things like GDP, unemployment, and the suite of statistics that grew up in their wake, we are using a really good 1950s set of tools designed to answer questions of global depression, World War II, and 1950s industrial nation-states that made stuff. We're really good at measuring that world, but we're not living in that world."
- Taking Effective and Practical Steps Regarding Ukraine
Putin's ultimate goal is to avoid having a Ukraine that is a Western outpost on his border. He needs to be shown that the policies he is now pursuing, if aggressively continued, will result in the very outcome he wants to avoid. The U.S. and its allies must take steps that create conditions and provide time for him to seriously think about it.
- The Struggle for Iraq's Future: How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy
In this bleak and revealing talk, Iraqi lawyer Zaid al-Ali provides an insider's analysis of Iraq's many failures of governance, from creating a constitution to providing Iraqis with jobs, electricity, and most of all safety.
- Crisis in Ukraine: Crimean Stand-Off
In the latest Security Bulletin, Russia expert Professor Nicolai Petro speaks from Odessa in southern Ukraine on the ongoing crisis, with a particular focus on the strategically vital Crimean Peninsula, home to Russia's Black Sea Fleet and to a substantial ethnic Russian population.
- The Global War for Internet Governance
Who controls the Internet? Internet governance is so technically and institutionally complex that it takes place mostly out of public view. But Internet control points do exist, and they affect civil liberties, national security, and global innovation policy. Laura DeNardis explains the inner workings of online governance and discusses its future.
- "War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh
As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
- The Future of American Warfighting: Lessons of the Contemporary Battlefield
What are the ethical and legal questions raised by unmanned aerial vehicles, drones, and surveillance? How do they affect combatants, decision-makers, and civilians? An expert panel explores these crucial issues.
- New Interview Series, "Ethics in Security Bulletin," with an Initial Focus on Ukraine
This podcast interview series explores the ethical dimensions of issues around the world, from Eastern Europe to the Middle East, and discusses the role played by U.S. foreign policy and the West.
- Secrecy and Privacy in the Aftermath of Edward Snowden
In order to be morally justifiable, any strategy or policy involving the body politic must be one to which it would voluntarily assent when fully informed about it. What, however, is inherent in being fully informed when it comes to surveillance?
- Mobilize Your People Like Obama: Applying Lessons from the 2012 Campaign to Your Everyday Work
In 2012, Barack Obama won a hard-fought victory in a campaign driven by advanced community organizing tactics, big data, and technology. In this lively workshop with Obama campaign alum David Osborne, he and the participants explore how lessons from the campaign can lead everyone to inspire their teams to achieve greater results.
- The Frackers: The Outrageous Inside Story of the New Billionaire Wildcatters
Thanks to fracking and the unlikely characters who made this revolution happen, the United States is now the biggest energy producer in the world. The fracking bonanza is here to stay, argues Gregory Zuckerman, and the environmental hazards can be overcome. Our best course is to work with the industry to improve safety standards.
- The Moral Operating System of a Global City: Los Angeles
For global cities to solve the central problem of collaboration among strangers, they need a moral operating system: shared codes and behaviors that enable people from different backgrounds to live together on a daily basis.
- Carnegie Council Ranked 18th in List of Top Think Tanks in USA
According to the "2013 Global Go To Think Tank Index," Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs ranks number 18 in the list of top think tanks in the United States, out of a total of 1,984 in the country.
- Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2014 with Ian Bremmer
So what should we look out for in 2014? "The economic risks are receding. The geopolitical risks are becoming more important," says political risk guru Ian Bremmer. Don't miss this entertaining but fact-filled talk for insights on global affairs, from U.S. foreign policy, to the Middle East, Asia, Russia, Europe, and emerging markets.
- Secrets and Allies: UK and U.S. Government Reaction to the Snowden Leaks
Is Edward Snowden a whistleblower, a traitor, or a mixture of both? How should he and the media that published his leaks be treated? Journalist Alexa van Sickle analyzes the different approaches taken by the UK and the U.S., explaining their historical, legal, and cultural underpinnings.
- Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy
Why did Japan recklessly attack the United States in 1941, launching a war that most of the nation's leaders knew they were almost certain to lose? Why did they go ahead, despite heated internal debates? Get the inside story from a Japanese perspective.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "The Fifth Estate"
"The Fifth Estate" tells the story of Julian Assange and his Wikileaks organization. Since the story is still ongoing, was it too early to make this film? What are Assange's motives--ethics, self-agrandizement, or both? How accurate is the film? At this point, perhaps only the two main characters know for sure.
- Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Online Activist Ricken Patel
A brilliant student, Ricken Patel could have had a stellar career in any field he wished. Instead he chose to live among the poor in some of the world's most dangerous places, and ultimately founded Avaaz, a successful activist organization with more than 30 million members. Learn more about Patel and Avaaz in this remarkable interview.
- November 22, 1963. "John F. Kennedy Has Been Taken From Us."
"John F. Kennedy has been taken from us; there is an aching emptiness where there was once a bright presence. We are left now to assess his accomplishments and to meditate on the meaning of his death and the almost universal grief it inspired."
- Symposium at the Scottish Parliament: From War to a Global Ethic
Is it possible to create a global code of ethics? In this Carnegie Council Centennial Symposium at the Scottish Parliament, the panelists discuss Andrew Carnegie's legacy; what has changed since his time; and Carnegie Council's contribution to the vital task of moving toward a shared international understanding with which to face today's problems.
- Citizenship Within and Across Nations
Philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah explores the role of civic honor, and its negative counterpart, shame, in shaping the political behavior of individuals and of nations, and in particular, in shaping the moral dimensions of political behavior.
- Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Writer Kurt Andersen
Journalist, novelist, entrepreneur, cultural critic, award-winning radio broadcaster--all of these describe Kurt Andersen. In this lively conversation, he talks about his career (including being fired by "New York" magazine for writing about Wall Street); the lasting effects of the 1960s; American politics today; Edward Snowden; and much more.
- Joel Rosenthal Awarded Honorary Degree by University of Edinburgh
In October 2013, Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal received an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science in Social Sciences from the University of Edinburgh. The degree was awarded in recognition of his contribution to the field of international relations and ethics.
- The Men Who United the States
Simon Winchester tells of the men--some famous, but most of them forgotten--who united America. They did it through geological surveys and maps, canals, railways, highways, telegraph, and radio, and their stories are both fascinating and surprising.
- Protecting Women Refusing to be Victims of Violence
"Our goal is to truly provide justice to incredibly courageous women and girls who have suffered things that make us uncomfortable. They have suffered things that are hard to speak out loud." In this wise, inspiring talk, Miller-Muro tackles uncomfortable ethical questions, such as cultural relativism and our responsibilities towards those in trouble.
- The Road to War: Presidential Commitments Honored and Betrayed
The last declaration of war authorized by Congress was World War II, yet the U.S. has been entangled in many wars since. Why have presidents been allowed to sidestep Congress for the last 70 years? The U.S. should have an agreed-upon set of guidelines for going to war, says Marvin Kalb. It should not be left up to presidents to decide.
- Arash Abizadeh on Immigration
As the U.S. moves toward a major overhaul of its immigration system, many of those most significantly affected are being left out of the debate--not just illegal immigrants already in the U.S., but also anyone who might ever want to come. The same is true everywhere immigration is being debated. Arash Abizadeh thinks all those outsiders deserve a say.
- U.S. Policy on Iran and the Middle East: Where Do We Go From Here?
Are we on the brink of a new era in Iran-U.S. relations? Maybe. Iran expert Gary Sick discusses President Rouhani's UN speech, which took place just before this event, plus previous missed opportunities and the current possibilities of rapprochement. While condemning the regime, he sees an opening for constructive negotiations.
- Immigration Reform: Truths, Myths, and Politics
The great wave of illegal immigration to the United States is over, says Edward Schumacher-Matos. Our real challenge now is what to do with those 11–12 million people who are here illegally but who are part of our communities--and this is not only a legal issue but an ethical one.
- Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God
Created and armed by Iran, Hezbollah's reach stretches around the world, including inside the United States. Matthew Levitt traces its terrifying activities and discusses how Iran/Hezbollah might retaliate in response to a U.S. strike on Syria.
- Why Michael Ignatieff is Glad He Entered Politics
"People sometimes ask me whether, looking back now, I think my political career was a mistake," writes Michael Ignatieff, Carnegie Council Centennial chair and former leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in "The Globe and Mail." "Yes, we lost it all in the end, and losing was brutal. But as I said on election night, failure is a great teacher."
- Michael Ignatieff Writes of Hard Lessons Learned in Politics
Susan Delacourt, senior writer for the "Toronto Star," discusses Centennial chair and former Canadian opposition leader Michael Ignatieff's book "Fire and Ashes: Success and Failure in Politics." The book focuses "on what he, as a newcomer to the business, learned about politics in the trenches and on an unforgiving public stage."
- A Lifeline for Peace in Syria--and for Obama
Why are we so reluctant to say the following? The overriding priority is to end the killing; defanging the Syrian chemical weapons complex will be difficult and long-term, although the U.S.-Russia agreement offers a bold, if challenging, timetable; and Russia has come up with a better idea than we could, and we are prepared to follow and support its lead.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Fire in the Blood"
With the tagline "Medicine, Monopoly, Malice," this powerful documentary tells how Western drug companies fought to keep discounted AIDS medications from reaching HIV-positive citizens of the developing world.
- Living With Injustice: Lessons from 1963
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the writing of three seminal texts in 20th century philosophy. An examination of these texts--by King, Arendt, and Levinas--illustrates their timelessness, and their importance in articulating and responding to contemporary injustice.
- Guantanamo Ethics
Senior fellow Jeffrey McCausland is featured in a "PBS Religion & Ethics Newsweekly" segment that discusses some of the ethical issues surrounding the continued use of the Guantanamo Bay detention center. "The big moral principle that we have to wrestle with," says McCausland, "is this question of 'when is the war over?'"
- Life, Money, and the Pursuit of Happiness
"The pursuit of wealth will continue to be the engine of American society. But let's not forget that the pursuit of happiness demands more. The signers of the Declaration of Independence pledged not only their lives and fortunes, but their 'sacred honor.' There are some things that cannot be bought."
- No, the Sky Is Not Falling
Controversy surrounding the Magnitsky Act and the Edward Snowden affair has led some observers to believe a "new Cold War" is underway between the U.S. and Russia. Are these concerns overblown? Can Moscow and Washington find common ground on other more significant issues?
- Why the West Fears Islam: New Book from Global Ethics Fellow Jocelyne Cesari
Are Muslims threatening the core values of the West? Jocelyne Cesari examines this question through the lens of testimonies from Muslims in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.
- New Book by Harvard's Islam in the West Scholar, Jocelyne Cesari
Harvard University issued a press release for the book "Why the West Fears Islam: An Exploration of Muslims in Liberal Democracies" by Jocelyne Cesari, Global Ethics Fellow and Director of Harvard University's Islam in the West Program.
- Book Review: Colored Cosmopolitanism: The Shared Struggle for Freedom in the United States and India
"South Asians and African Americans learned from each other in ways that not only advanced their respective struggles for freedom but helped define what freedom could and should mean," argues historian Nico Slate in his debut book.
- Capitalism as Our Greatest Hope
"What I'm hoping is that we as Americans, and people in other countries, too, can think more clearly about capitalism as the engine of growth that lifts people out of poverty," writes social psychologist Jonathan Haidt in this "Huffington Post" article. This series is co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders Forum.
- Globalization Is the Unsung Champion of the Protests Happening Around the World
Through the late 80s and 90s, protests everywhere from Berlin to Seattle revealed a common target of public unrest: globalization. Now, however, globalization has become an unsung champion of an empowered, rising global middle class that is more connected and has higher expectations politically. The June protests in Brazil are a good example.
- Book Review: Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments
This collection of essays edited by Catherine Zuckert provides an overview of the work and lives of 18 thinkers who made significant contributions to the development of political philosophy in the last century.
- Why the West Fears Islam: An Exploration of Muslims in Liberal Democracies
Are Muslims threatening the core values of the West? In her latest book, Global Ethics Fellow Jocelyne Cesari examines this question through the lens of testimonies from Muslims in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.
- Review of "Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments"
"This collection of essays edited by Catherine Zuckert provides an overview of the work and lives of 18 thinkers who made significant contributions to the development of political philosophy in the last century," writes Kei Hiruta, Carnegie-Uehiro Fellow and Global Ethics Fellow, in this book review in "Philosophy in Review (33:3)."
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
Since the late 1970s, says George Packer, we've been living in a new era. The structures that supported ordinary Americans' ambitions, from government to business to schools, have stopped working on their behalf. Instead, people felt they were on their own. Some have thrived greatly and others have been left behind, with a rising sense of panic.
- China's Unilateral Sanctions
China's opposition to economic sanctions is legendary, yet there has been a subtle but significant shift in its own use of such sanctions. This represents an important trend in Chinese foreign policy--one that U.S. policymakers should take seriously.
- Global Ethical Dialogues: Concept Paper
How can Carnegie Council, an organization with a global mandate but based in New York, contribute to generating egalitarian dialogue within and between unequal societies? We hope to do so by organizing an inter-connected series of global dialogues on the ethical roots of problems we face in common and what we need to do together to solve them.
- Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era
Joseph Nye asks: "If the United States starts out the 20th century as a second-tier power and it ends up the 20th century as the world's only superpower, did it matter who was president? Would it all have occurred or turned out the same way anyway, or did individual leaders make a big difference?"
- Foreign Policy Begins at Home: The Case for Putting America's House in Order
We have been guilty of overreaching abroad and underachieving at home, says Richard Haass, and these sins are really two sides of the national security coin. After all, "our capacity to act abroad is obviously directly limited and affected by the capacities we have created here at home, whether the capacities are military or economic or human."
- "Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order" by G. John Ikenberry
This book masterfully draws on history, advances international relations theory, and illuminates foreign policy choices.
- Essay on Ethics of Cybersecurity Wins Trans-Pacific Contest: Co-Authors from China (Stanford U) and U.S. (Oxford U)
What is the greatest ethical challenge facing U.S.-Asia relations? In this unique contest, we challenged American and East Asian students to submit a joint essay or video to answer this question. Responses included the threat of cyber-war, sweatshops, human rights, censorship, neo-imperialism, and climate change.
- The U.S., China, and Cybersecurity: The Ethical Underpinnings of a Controversial Geopolitical Issue
Though commonly conceptualized as a strategic geopolitical issue, cybersecurity's underpinnings are comprised by a series of fundamental ethical considerations. Addressing these will provide a better framework for easing bilateral tensions and promoting cooperation than surface-level tit-for-tat negotiations and public naming and shaming.
- The Growing Heap of Problems on Stephen Harper's Desk
"This government has talked of joining trade talks as if that’s an accomplishment," Global Ethics Fellow Roland Paris says. "But they haven’t yielded anything yet that's an actual accomplishment." Quoted in "Maclean's" article.
- When God Talks Back: Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship with God
What does it mean to have frequent conversations with God, as so many evangelicals say they do? Anthropologist Tanya Luhrmann spent over 10 years as an active member of evangelical churches in different parts of the U.S., and uses her personal experiences, interviews, and scientific training to report on the evangelical faith.
- Human Trafficking Around the World: Hidden in Plain Sight
Victims of trafficking are both young and old, male and female. They can be found working in factories, fields, brothels, private homes, and innumerable other settings. They may be hidden behind walls or seen in plain view. How can trafficking be stopped?
- The World of Wal-Mart
With the deadly April 2013 collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh, once again the spotlight is on multi-national companies like Wal-Mart, whose production is often out-sourced to factories with substandard conditions. As usual, there are promises of reforms, along with denials of culpability. But will the world of Wal-Mart ever change?
- After Boston: An Intelligence Blame Game with no Winner
Immediately after the Boston Marathon bombings there was a sadly predictable flurry of mutual recriminations between the intelligence services of the U.S. and Russia. It's time to put suspicions aside and work together against terrorism directed at both countries.
- The New American Militarism: How Americans Are Seduced by War (2013)
Andrew Bacevich argues that militarism now permeates U.S. society. These attitudes emerged in the decades after the Vietnam War, and are at odds both with U.S. interests and with its founding traditions.
- To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism
Very soon, "smart" technologies and "big data" will allow us to make sophisticated interventions in everyday life. Technology will create incentives to get more people to do the right thing. But how will this affect society, once political and moral dilemmas are recast as uncontroversial and easily manageable matters of technological efficiency?
- Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles
Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
- The Measure of Civilization: How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations
Ian Morris demonstrates that social development can be measured across thousands of years. Based on past trends, what can we expect in the future? For one thing, the pace of change has accelerated. Morris predicts that the 21st century is going to be a "race between shifts in the balance of power, a transformation of humanity, and catastrophe."
- Drones: Legal, Ethical, and Wise?
The U.S. drone program raises serious ethical concerns, particularly about accountability and due process. Congress, with support from President Obama, must develop new oversight rules to ensure that U.S. values are safeguarded.
- Thought Leader: Jay Winter
"One of the things I've seen over my lifetime is a move away from war and from the place of the military in political life. This to me is astonishing and unpredictable."
- Shefa Siegel on the Ethics of Mining
Mining harms the environment irreversibly, yet this is often ignored, and mining is on the increase, often without clear ecological or economic development benefits. "We're still using the model created at the end of the 19th century, but in a very different period, where the resources are increasingly scarce and the economy has changed dramatically."
- The Missing Ethics of Mining
The "Ethics & International Affairs" article "The Missing Ethics of Mining," by Shefa Siegel was cited in a "Toronto Star" article entitled "Canada must do much more to promote ethical mining."
- U.S.-Russian Juvenilia
"The action of the U.S. Congress in passing the Magnitsky Act and the reaction of Russian politicians that followed it remind me of school kids exchanging imprecations in the schoolyard. Except that, in the current instance, the fallout affects innocent people."
- Saddam's Pistol, and Yours
"In the current debate over gun regulation a simple point is being missed. Every citizen has the right to a gun. But shouldn't every man, woman, and child also have the right not to have a gun and expect to live in a safe and secure environment?"
- After the Music Stopped: The Financial Crisis, the Response, and the Work Ahead
Alan S. Blinder, Princeton professor, "Wall Street Journal" columnist, and former vice chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, explains how the worst economic crisis in postwar American history happened, what the government did to fight it, and what we can do from here.
- Arctic Stewardship: Maintaining Regional Resilience in an Era of Global Change [Full Text]
What sorts of harms arising from changes now occurring in the Arctic are actionable, and who can and should take the actions required to respond to these harms?
- The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
With a breadth and depth of knowledge spanning not only current geopolitics but centuries of history, Robert Kaplan shows us the crucial importance of geography in shaping our destinies. Geography still matters, and always will.
- Five Myths About Nuclear Weapons
What if everything we believe about nuclear weapons is wrong? "Reexamine the facts and you'll see that the arguments for nuclear weapons aren't powerful; they're preposterous. They are an unpersuasive collection of wishful thinking held together by nothing more than fear and rationalization."
- Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2013 with Ian Bremmer
"There are three big things happening right now in the world: China rising, Middle East exploding, Europe muddling through. Those are the things that truly matter, in the sense that they have potentially very different kinds of trajectories and outcomes depending on where they go."
- Why Tolerate Religion?
Why do Western democracies single out religion for preferential treatment? For example, why can a Sikh boy carry a dagger to school while other children cannot? Is this morally and legally justifiable?
- Corey Brettschneider on Hate Speech
How should states deal with hate speech? In the U.S., the prevailing attitude is that hate speech should be protected. In other liberal democracies, hate speech is more restricted. Corey Brettschneider, a professor of political science at Brown University, has a new take.
- The Digital Revolution and the Role of Newspapers in Civic Life
Newspapers have long straddled an awkward line between public service and profit. Now those values are in conflict. The internet has upended the industry and profits are way down. But is the web a good substitute? What happens when a city loses its daily paper?
- America in the 21st Century: A View from America
"Why is it that the political system today seems so gridlocked? Why is the issue of brinkmanship in America so incredibly debilitating and so very real? Is there something which has always been the case in U.S. history or is there something else going on today which is fueling this problem and making this age of brinkmanship so pernicious?"
- Global Ethics Corner: How Should the Media Cover Natural Disasters?
As Superstorm Sandy made clear, natural disasters can wreak havoc on rich and poor countries, alike. However, the Western media's coverage often tilts away from the developing world. Is this a problem? What can individuals do to change this?
- What Is American?
What does it mean for a product to be American? Or to be from anywhere? The truth is, many items today are global products, from autos to iPhones. It's not just imports and exports, it's the whole supply chain. Forget USA. We're talking made in the world.
- Public Affairs: America in the 21st Century: A View from Asia
The good, the bad, and the ugly: distinguished Singaporean Kishore Mahbubani politely but firmly tells Americans how Asians see them, and warns, "the world that is coming is a world outside your comfort zones."
- Senator Richard Lugar on Nuclear Weapons Reduction
Senator Lugar tells the dramatic story of his bipartisan work on the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (also known as Nunn–Lugar), which provides funding and expertise for states in the former USSR nations to reduce nuclear weapons.
- Is the World Becoming More Peaceful?
In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
- Peace: What Is it Good for?
Andrew Carnegie was ahead of his time; he questioned the essence of imperial Great Power politics and offered an alternate future. He debunked the glorification of war. Carnegie raised our expectations--and this, in the end, is his most enduring peace legacy.
- America in the 21st Century: A View from the Arab World
The key is still the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Muasher. "The U.S. is not going to be able to regain its credibility in the region if it tells the Arab public that 'If you are Egyptians or Tunisians or Syrians or Libyans yearning for freedom, we are with you, but if you are Palestinians yearning for freedom, it's complicated.'"
- Global Ethics Corner: Can We Know Too Much About Osama bin Laden's Death?
With the publishing of "No Easy Day," a tell-all from a retired Navy SEAL about the raid that killed bin Laden, questions are being asked about how much the public needs to know. Should free speech be limited when it comes to national security matters?
- The Power of Safety: How Safe Habits Triggered Responsibility at Alcoa
Business ethics professor and former Alcoa VP Bill O'Rourke shows how making safety a top priority transformed Alcoa across the board, in every aspect of its business. In this interactive session, he works through specific cases to demonstrate its impact.
- Thought Leader: Enrique Penalosa
"The wealthy have a responsibility to have a certain degree of austerity, to show that they are admired and respected, not because they have material wealth, but because of their contribution to society."
- Thought Leader: Kwame Anthony Appiah
"The more our societies are in conversation, the more likely it is, when it comes to having to make the hard decisions that are involved in discussions where you have to settle something, the more likely we are to be able to do it."
- Thought Leader: Pankaj Ghemawat
"What I have in mind with rooted cosmopolitanism and distance sensitivity is something that's much, much more practical and to my mind achievable."
- Global Ethics Corner: Are Party Conventions Necessary?
Do the presidential nominating conventions still serve a purpose in American politics? Do these events need to be reformed or scaled down? Or should they be scrapped altogether?
- The Last Protestant?
There is only one Protestant in the highest offices of U.S. politics today: Barack Hussein Obama. This new religious diversity is unpalatable to some, who would like "faith-based" values to play a larger role in politics. Yet the separation of church and state--a Protestant creation--is clearly here to stay.
- Changes in the American Middle Class
Both left and right agree that the U.S. income gap is widening. It's harder to agree on how to solve it. Fred Setterberg yearns for the solidarity and job opportunities of his childhood. Rea Hederman says a new tax structure and programs encouraging individual initiative will grow the middle class.
- Global Ethics Corner: Do Stricter Gun Controls Reduce Gun-Related Violence?
The gun control debate in the United States has been revived in the wake of the Aurora massacre. With thousands of firearm-related homicides each year in the U.S., should it be harder to buy a gun? Or is gun ownership a core liberty that defines the American way of life?
- Global Ethics Corner: Should America Stop Selling Weapons to Human Rights Violators?
A recent report showed that the American arms industry made billions last year selling to states with questionable human rights records. Should a global treaty be enacted mandating greater transparency on international arms sales? Should Americans stop selling to these countries altogether?
- Global Ethics Corner: How Should Domestic Drones Be Regulated?
Americans are used to hearing about drones being used in Pakistan and Yemen, but they are increasingly being deployed domestically. With organizations from NASA to community colleges flying unmanned aerial vehicles in the U.S., what is the best way to regulate this technology?
- Global Ethics Corner: Patriotism: Unquestioned Commitment or Dangerous Justification?
Can you acknowledge dissenters as patriots? Can you dissent and still sing the national anthem wholeheartedly? Can you live in a middle ground?
- The Leaderless Revolution: How Ordinary People Will Take Power and Change Politics in the 21st Century
Countries the world over are suffering from a deficit of democracy, says Carne Ross, and it's not enough just to protest and/or tinker with the existing system. Radical change is needed. We, the people, must take on the burden of governing ourselves.
- How Much is Enough?: Money and the Good Life
Our obsession with amassing ever more wealth is actually robbing us of the good life, argue Robert and Edward Skidelsky. They identify seven basic needs that together make up the good life and lay out some radical social proposals to achieve them.
- The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future
Policy expert and scholar Victor Cha lifts the curtain on North Korea, one of the world's most isolated, poorly-understood, and dangerous nations, and explains why he believes that the level of risk has escalated since Kim Jong-il's death.
- Global Ethics Corner: The Ethics of "Citizens United": Does Corporate Cash Threaten Democracy?
Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker recently won his recall election and many are saying this is due, in part, to the "Citizens United" decision, which gave corporations and unions free reign to spend on elections. Does the influx of corporate cash make elections less fair or more free?
- Every Nation for Itself: Winners and Losers in a G-Zero World
What's a G-zero world? It's when no one takes a global leadership role, when no one is willing to, and no one is capable of doing it--and that's the world we're living in now, according to political scientist Ian Bremmer. So what does this mean for both now and the future?
- Supply Chain Accountability
How can ethical practices be made an integral part of overseas supply chains? Here's reporter Charles Duhigg on how habits can impact the ethical behavior of businesses, and Hasbro's Alan Hassenfeld on establishing a global toy industry safety code.
- What We Talk About When We Talk About Isolationism
Today, American supremacy is assumed rather than argued for: in an age of tremendous political division, it is a bipartisan first principle of foreign policy. In this area at least, one wishes for a little less agreement, writes Carnegie Council's Zach Dorfman.
- The Intersection of Global Health and Business
How can global health be improved? PepsiCo executive Derek Yach speaks about the positive changes corporations are making, and Professor Yanzhong Huang discusses China's health care challenges.
- Global Ethics Corner: Should Universities be Giving so Many Ph.D.'s?
A Ph.D. used to be a ticket to a comfortable career in academia. But, in recent years, increasing numbers of Ph.D.'s have had trouble finding jobs or are earning less than minimum wage with no benefits. Are universities responsible for matching supply and demand in the Ph.D. job market?
- Pax Ethnica: Where and How Diversity Succeeds
The headlines are full of stories of deep-simmering hatreds and ethnic strife. How about some good news for a change? Historians Meyer and Brysac explore places where diversity is actually working, from Kerala to Queens. What can we learn from these "oases of civility"?
- America in the 21st Century: A View from Europe
It's likely that the U.S. will cease to be the world's largest economic power by not later than the 2020s, predicts Martin Wolf. However--depending on its policy choices--it will probably remain a center of world innovation in research, technology, and business.
- Farewell Dick Lugar: A Gentleman Departs
Despite certain Republicans' claims to the contrary, Dick Lugar was a genuine conservative, albeit a responsible one who saw the advantage of engaging the other side, whether that be Democrats in Congress or Russians on arms control.
- Public Affairs: Private Empire: ExxonMobil and American Power
ExxonMobil is rather like France, says Steve Coll. It's mostly aligned with the U.S; it's sometimes opposed, but a lot of the time it's just busy keeping track of its own separate system and really doesn't want to be entangled in U.S. power unless it serves ExxonMobil interests.
- Special Preview: May Day and Occupy Wall Street
This "Just Business" preview features two Occupy Wall Street (OWS) activists. OWS has hibernated a bit since New York City shut down its flagship encampment in November. May Day has long represented labor rights and on this May Day, OWS will try to reinvigorate public interest.
- Global Ethics Corner: Is the World Bank Outdated?
With the election of another American to head the World Bank, some are questioning the institution's legitimacy and role in the world. Since once-impoverished nations are driving world economic growth, should the developing world have a greater say in the bank's governance?
- Global Ethics Corner: Do Super-Maximum Security Prisons Constitute Cruel and Unusual Punishment?
A surprise ruling from the European Court of Human Rights could send five terror suspects to a super-maximum security prison in the United States. Is keeping inmates in solitary confinement for years a form of torture? Or is Supermax a necessary tool to combat global terror?
- No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn
How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
- Two Faces of Apple
On the customer side, Apple is one of the world's most innovative and successful companies. But when it comes to working conditions at its plants in China, its record is marred by significant violations. Will new CEO Tim Cook work to set a new standard for tech industry workers in Asia?
- Global Ethics Corner: Health Care in America: Should all Americans have a Right to Affordable Care?
With the Supreme Court set to make a decision, the Affordable Care Act is a major source of debate in the United States. Do all Americans have the right to affordable health care? Or does the individual mandate, which requires that all Americans buy insurance, go too far?
- The Race for What's Left: The Global Scramble for the World's Last Resources
As we run out of resources, the human race is at a pivotal point. We have two options: We can continue along the same path, leading to much of the planet becoming uninhabitable. Or we can create an alternative future where we use resources in a much more sustainable and frugal way.
- Global Ethics Corner: Ethics in Banking: Is There Hope for Wall Street?
The very public resignation of Goldman Sachs executive Greg Smith is the low point in a bad year for Wall Street. With the Occupy movement and a rumored recruiting crisis in mind, is there any hope left for Wall Street? Can the banks rebound and find a way to be ethical?
- Power, Inc.: The Epic Rivalry Between Big Business and Government--and the Reckoning That Lies Ahead
David Rothkopf issues a wake-up call to Americans: We have to drop our knee-jerk, partisan attitudes and ask, "What will produce the kind of society that we want to have?" We also have to stop assuming that U.S. capitalism and U.S. views will be dominant in the future.
- Responsible Oversight: How Boards Can Promote Profitable and Ethical Organizations
In this in-depth discussion, participants examine two case-studies, one for-profit and one non-profit organization: Kimberly-Clark (parent company of Kleenex and Huggies, among other brands), and iMentor, a youth-mentoring program that helps students graduate from high school.
- The Emergency State: America's Pursuit of Absolute National Security at All Costs
David Unger argues that because of national security fears, the U.S. has bypassed its Constitution, creating an "emergency state." The result is excessive military spending, a series of unconstitutional wars, and skewed global trade policies. He also tackles Europe's economic crisis.
- Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America
Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Gabriel Marcia Marquez, Octavio Paz, and many more: Krauze discusses Latin America's intellectual, literary, and political figures who were inspired by revolutionary ideas, and hopes that his book will be "a requiem for the Latin American passionate revolution."
- Global Ethics Corner: China on the Rise: Is China's Political Model Superior?
With economic malaise and political stalemates commonplace across the U.S. and Europe, some are beginning to look to China for answers. Is democracy, with its check and balances, still the best form of governance? Or could the West learn a few things from the "China model"?
- Russia Bulletin, Issue 3
What lies behind Russia's veto and its opposition to the U.S.-led hard line on Damascus? Whether or not we agree with them, Russia has its reasons.
- Microinequalities Inflicted on Women
Why is it that a woman can lead a country, yet women are slower to be served in coffee shops? In the West, women and men share equal status under the law. But in countless practical ways, women experience inequality on a daily basis.
- Why Are We Surprised at Egypt's Backlash against Foreign NGOs?
The outrage over Egypt's arrest of 43 NGO workers, at least 16 of whom are American, is understandable and well deserved. But it also speaks to a little acknowledged paradox: These organizations are conducting democracy-building work that would never be tolerated in the U.S.
- Global Ethics Corner: The Cuban Embargo Turns 50: Time to Rethink U.S. Policy?
As the Cuban embargo reaches a milestone, a majority of Americans think it's time for a change. Many argue that the communist stronghold is no longer a threat and the sanctions only serve to hurt the Cuban people. Is it time to lift the embargo or should Obama maintain the status quo?
- The Varieties of Protest Experience: How Accountability Gaps Link the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street
Can the recent eruption of protests be interpreted as a single phenomenon, even though spread out across great distances and separated by barriers of language and culture? Can we locate a common strand of thought or purpose that binds them together?
- Russia Bulletin, Issue 2
David Speedie examines Russia's position on Iran; the upcoming Russian elections, including the Moscow demonstrations and the West's attitude towards them;and Jackson-Vanik and U.S.-Russia trade.
- A Look at Income Inequality in the United States
Hedge fund manager Philippe Burke gives us an inside look at what went wrong with the financial system and explains why he supports Occupy Wall Street; and Marlene Spoerri discusses the tension between income inequality and democracy.
- Currency Wars: The Making of the Next Global Crisis
We are already in Currency War III, says Rickards, who sees four possible outcomes--none of them good--that he calls "the four horsemen of the dollar apocalypse." Here's a tip: keep your eye on gold.
- Global Ethics Corner: Made in the USA: The Return of American Manufacturing
President Obama's plan for a manufacturing revival has seen bipartisan support, but some economists are asking serious questions. Will more Americans on assembly lines stifle innovation? And can the U.S. compete with the lower wages and willing workers found overseas?
- Global Ethics Corner: Primaries and Democracy: Debating the Costs and Benefits of Primary Elections
With primary season starting up, the Republican candidates are traveling around the nation, making stump speeches, kissing babies, and spending millions. Is this staple of American politics a showcase for democracy? Or does it just exacerbate ideological polarization in the U.S.?
- A Global Look at Migration
Global migration is a key part of our economic future and one that is often overlooked. Three experts offer very different takes on migration, spanning Europe, the USA, and lastly the Gulf States, where migrants make up the majority of the population and citizens are in the minority.
- Making our Democracy Work: A Judge's View
The nine unelected justices of the U.S. Supreme Court have the power to strike down laws enacted by elected representatives. Why does the public accept the Court's decisions as legitimate, even when the decisions are highly unpopular? How does the Court help make democracy work?
- The Dictator's Handbook: Why Bad Behavior Is Almost Always Good Politics
Cynics or realists? Just follow five rules and you can be a successful dictator, say Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith--at least until old age or sickness catch up with you. They go on to argue that these precepts apply to all systems of governance, including U.S. democracy.
- Ethics Matter: Economist and Development Expert Jeffrey Sachs
Jeffrey Sachs discusses America's economic and moral crisis; development aid; the Occupy Wall Street movement; and the mobilization of youth around the world, fighting for the basic principles of freedom, justice, and equality.
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
Looking back at the truly revolutionary rise in global living standards over the last 150 years, what have we learned about economic policies? There are clear lessons about what works and what doesn't, says Sylvia Nasar, author of "A Beautiful Mind."
- The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade
In 2010, global military expenditure was roughly $1.6 trillion--that's $235 for every person on earth. This has profound impacts, from the perpetuation of conflict, to the corrosion of democracy, to massive socioeconomic costs.
- George F. Kennan: An American Life
George Kennan was one of the great men of the 20th century, says John Lewis Gaddis. And he was great in multiple dimensions: as the grand strategist of the Cold War; as a historian; and as author of one of the greatest of American diaries.
- Re-Imagining a Global Ethic
"A global ethic makes it possible for us to agree to disagree about ultimate questions, provided we have the philosophical clarity that comes from that process of adversarial justification," says Ignatieff in this thoughtful and challenging talk.
- Philanthropic Foundations, Think Tanks, and Development: Understanding and Assessing the Think Tank Initiative
Can think tanks really facilitate growth? How robust are the Think Tank Initiative's evaluative and accountability processes? Measuring how the TTI fares will not only enable us to gauge the venture's efficacy, but also help us to better understand the role that philanthropic foundations play.
- Angela M. Kelley on Ethics and U.S. Immigration Policy
Angela Maria Kelley, of the Center for American Progress, talks frankly about the difficult practical and ethical questions surrounding U.S. immigration, and the inconsistent approaches in different states because of the deadlock at the federal level.
- Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
"It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."
- PepsiCo's Donna Hrinak on Public Policy and Business in Latin America
In a wide-ranging conversation, former U.S. ambassador Donna Hrinak discusses her regional responsibilities in Latin America, and her global work with other food and beverage companies, together with NGOs, to make packaged foods and drinks healthier.
- Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order
The U.S. may no longer be a unipolar power, but the world order it helped create is alive and well. The rise of other nations and the deepening of economic and security interdependence have resulted from the success and expansion of the postwar liberal order, not its breakdown.
- America the Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime, and Warfare
From the personal to the corporate to the national, our data is constantly at risk, says Joel Brenner. But it's like gravity; there's not much we can do about it. We just have to learn to live with the situation, stay alert, and limit potential damage.
- Global Ethics Corner: Occupy Wall Street: Does Rising Income Inequality Threaten American Democracy?
Does rising income inequality pose a threat to American democracy? This question has long been taboo in American politics. Yet as "Occupy Wall Street" spreads across the United States, the political consequences of income inequality are grabbing headlines as never before.
- Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh to Wall Street
Why pretend that economics is value free? It's a product of our civilization and riddled with moral judgements, says Sedlacek. By separating economics from ethics we have created a zombie, a monster without a soul. The two have to be put back together.
- Carnegie Council's Program on U.S. Global Engagement: a Two-Year Retrospective
These materials from a June 2011 international conference examine U.S.-Russian relations; nuclear arms control and nonproliferation; European and NATO security challenges for the future, including Afghanistan; and competition and cooperation in the Arctic region.
- Yahoo! and YouTube: Balancing Human Rights and Business
How do companies such as Yahoo! and YouTube decide on whether disturbing material should be banned from their sites? What are the free speech and human rights issues involved? What guidelines do they use? This fascinating workshop discusses specific cases.
- European Security and Arms Control
Although Russia and the West are confronting each other on a number of issues, it is premature to write off their strategic partnership. The New START Treaty establishes stability of the nuclear balance for the next decade. This will help them eventually move to mutual assured security.
- The Precarious State of Flux of the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE)
This paper's main predictive theoretical proposition is that, in fact, progress on conventional arms control in Europe will continue to move at a pace dictated by nuclear atmospherics.
- In an Era of Increased Transparency, A New Approach to Business Branding
As he retools Lipman, a New York advertising agency, Michael Mendenhall discusses a new approach to branding. He also talks about how companies' ethics are on display in an era of increased transparency, and how they can turn transparency into a business advantage.
- Jackson-Vanik: Time for Reconsideration?
The Jackson-Vanik amendment has been imposed on Russia for 37 years. Is it time for repeal? This event is in cooperation with EastWest Institute.
- Decision Points: The American Dream in the Balance
Led by Sam Speedie, who stepped up immediately after 9/11 and went into public service, this group of under-40s Carnegie New Leaders discuss how to move the country forward and help other young people to make a difference, whether in government, business, or the non-profit sector.
- That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back
What can America do as it faces four major challenges--globalization, the revolution in information technology, chronic deficits, and its energy consumption?
- Global Ethics Corner: Ten Years After 9/11: What Have We Learned?
As we take stock of the decade since 9/11, the lessons we have learned are still unclear. Ten years on, analysts impart contentious lessons that may even be irreconcilable. As you reflect on the past decade, what did you learn from 9/11?
- What Should be the Next Phase in U.S.-Russia Relations?
Reflecting on U.S.-Russia relations, Thomas Graham and Nikolas Gvosdev agree that there is an urgent need to find a common strategic purpose that suits the interests of both the U.S. and Russia.
- The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations
Can the United States and Russia finally put their zero-sum competition in Eurasia behind them so that they can concentrate on the common strategic challenges before them, such as how to deal with China and with the former Soviet space?
- Russia's High Ambitions and Ambivalent Activities in the Arctic
The Arctic is often seen as a no-mans-land where natural resources are up for grabs. In reality, international cooperation is working well and the regions's wealth has been overestimated. Nonetheless, Russia's ambitions are bound up with the Arctic, and this can lead to tensions.
- Global Ethics Corner: The Keystone XL Oil Pipeline and the National Interest
A proposed Canadian pipeline would transport bitumen from the tar sands of Alberta to refineries on the Gulf Coast, crossing the border. Is Keystone XL in the national interest? Is secure access to oil worth the climate change consequences?
- The U.S. Credit Rating Downgrade: What Does it Mean?
Is the U.S. no longer the center of the economic universe? Credit expert Ann Rutledge discusses the recent credit rating downgrade of the U.S. economy and tackles the deeper underlying economic and moral issues, such as attitudes towards risk.
- The Ethics of the Nuclear Security Summit Process
This paper examines the ethical questions around two intertwined 21st century issues: nuclear terrorism and the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process. Does the process take into account the principles of pluralism, fairness, and rights and responsibilities?
- The Soviet and U.S. Experiences in Military Intervention in Afghanistan and Current U.S.-Russian Cooperation
This paper examines the similarities and differences in the 1980s Soviet experience in Afghanistan and the current U.S.-led coalition effort, and the mutual interests for Washington and Moscow to avoid the kind of end-game of 1992, when the Najibullah regime fell.
- European/Eurasian Security and the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE)
What is the role of the CFE Treaty as part of contemporary European security architecture? How has it performed since its signing and what is its current status? What steps must be taken to ensure that this agreement remains relevant and continues its "cornerstone" role?
- Global Ethics Corner: Libya After Qaddafi: Redefining our Responsibilities
As Libya prepares for its future, do NATO member states have a moral responsibility to protect peace and stability? Or should Libya's future be of its own making? What do you think?
- Don't Build Keystone XL, the Pipeline to Nowhere
Higher gas prices, negligible energy security, more global warming: The logic stacks up against the Keystone XL tar sands pipeline. Will Secretary Clinton deny the permit?
- Global Ethics Corner: In America, Does Pluralist Democracy Still Work?
Has pluralism in America emphasized private interest over public good? Does the market for ideas need more supervision, or should the market rule?
- Global Ethics Corner: The Debt Crisis: Are Politicians the Problem?
Instead of taking a leadership role, U.S. politicians merely "kicked the can down the road" to resolve the debt ceiling crisis, kicking off a U.S. credit rating downgrade and a global stock market meltdown. Should the U.S. government be given more or less authority in light of recent events?
- AMRO and the IMF: The Need for Global Economic Governance Reform
At this critical juncture, many emerging nations believe that global economic governance is derelict. This explains the rise of regional organizations such as AMRO, a Singapore-based regional monetary surveillance apparatus. What does this mean for the future of the IMF?
- Legislating Transparency in the Extractive Sector: Will the Securities and Exchange Commission Take the Lead?
The SEC has an opportunity to demonstrate that the United States takes transparency and accountability seriously and intends to act as a global leader in fostering secure, equitable, long-term resource partnerships with developing nations.
- Global Ethics Corner: "To Kill a Mockingbird" and Justice
In "To Kill a Mockingbird" an innocent man is wrongfully sentenced. The author argues that all we can do in the face of injustice is try, accept, and move on. Should we trust always trust institutions? When the system fails is it enough to have fought, or should we go on to fight again?
- John Brademas and Mickey Edwards: Civility in Politics
Two distinguished former politicians, one Democrat and one Republican, agree on concrete proposals for improving U.S. politics. They include campaign finance reform; abolishing gerrymandering; and encouraging our brightest young people to enter public service.
- Leif Wenar on Natural Resources and Clean Trade Policies
Consumers in countries that import natural resources are often unwittingly in business with dictators, corrupt officials, and armed groups, says Leif Wenar. Yet we could change our laws to make powerful groups in exporting countries more accountable to their own people.
- Philip Howard on Civility in Everyday Life
Philip Howard argues that an excess of government regulations and the law has corroded the institutions of authority in our society, with many deleterious effects, and one of the victims of that is our sense of ethics and civility.
- Rise of the Rest IV: Critical Regions in Crisis
Optimistic and bleak by turns, a panel of experts analyzes the dilemmas facing the rising and existing powers--from protests across the Middle East, to the earthquake and nuclear disaster in Japan, to rising food and oil prices across the world.
- Ethics Matter: Political Scientist and Economist Francis Fukuyama
How does Francis Fukuyama view state formation, normative issues, and human behavior? Does he believe (as Andrew Carnegie did) that history moves in an upward direction and we can eventually put an end to war? This fascinating interview explores these questions and more.
- The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution
How did human beings succeed in creating the ideal of strong, accountable governments that adhere to the rule of law? Francis Fukuyama provides a sweeping account of how today's basic political institutions developed.
- Powering the Dream: The History and Promise of Green Technologies
Author Alexis Madrigal examines the history of green technologies in America and shows how they have been entangled with culture, ethics, and government policies.
- Arkady Murashev on "Reforming" the Moscow Police Force (1991-92)
Active in Russian politics since the early days of Perestroika, Arkady Murashev discusses his part in bringing down the Soviet Union and and working towards a new form of government.
- One Nation Under Surveillance: A New Social Contract to Defend Freedom Without Sacrificing Liberty
The boundaries between public and private are crumbling fast, often with the active or passive consent of those whose privacy is breached. What limits, if any, should be placed on a government's efforts to spy on its citizens in the name of national security?
- Canadian Tar Sands: There's No Such Thing as Ethical Oil (or Nuclear Power)
After the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and now the nuclear meltdown in Japan, it should be clear that oil and nuclear power are not benign forces. Both are toxic, dirty, and insecure forms of energy. It is thus astonishing that the Canadian energy industry proposes a combination of the two.
- Ethics Matter: Political Scientist Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Joseph Nye discusses the sources of his ideas, his major concepts such as soft power, the impact of these concepts, and his thoughts on the information revolution.
- Jerusha Klemperer of Slow Food USA
Jerusha Klemperer, associate director of programs at Slow Food USA, explains the differences between slow and fast food and discusses food equity--how to make slow food more affordable and more widely available.
- The End of Arrogance: America in the Global Competition of Ideas
Free market capitalism, Western culture, democracy—the ideas that shaped 20th century world politics and underpinned U.S. foreign policy—have lost a good deal of their strength. Authority is now more contested and power more diffused. How should the U.S. meet these challenges?
- AMEXICA: War Along the Borderline
In a horrific account, Ed Vulliamy describes the ultraviolent, nihilistic narco-traficante culture of the Mexican-American border, a land of drug addicts and cartels.
- Interview with Alex Felson, Landscape Architect and Urban Ecologist
A professor at Yale University, a landscape architect, and an urban ecologist, Alex Felson creates designs that take local and built environments into account. His projects include the New York City Reforestation Plan and The East River Marsh.
- Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories
Master raconteur Simon Winchester tells a series of gripping and little-known tales of the Atlantic, the ocean he calls "the inland sea of modern civilization."
- The U.S. Navy's New Energy Revolution
Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus is working to chart a new course for the Navy and Marine Corps, that by 2020 will dramatically reduce the Navy's consumption of fossil fuels. He also prepared the long-term recovery plan for the Gulf of Mexico in the aftermath of the oil spill.
- Why the West Rules--For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future
Ian Morris draws on 50,000 years of history, archeology, and the methods of social science, to make sense of when, how, and why the paths of development differed in the East and West—and what this portends for the 21st century.
- Global Ethics Corner: Neo-liberalism and Welfare
Do markets promote the greatest good for the greatest number? What do you think? Should long-term economic growth, promised by a free market, be prioritized over concerns about inequality? How do you balance a society's need both to create wealth and insure welfare?
- The Lost Peace: Leadership in a Time of Horror and Hope, 1945-1953
In a striking reinterpretation of the postwar years, Robert Dallek examines what drove leaders around the globe—Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, Mao, de Gaulle, and Truman—to rely on traditional power politics, and the lessons we can draw from their mistakes.
- Interview with William Powers, Living Off the Grid
William Powers discusses his life's journey, including time in Liberia and Bolivia, and a stay in a 12 x 12-foot cabin with no electricity or running water. It's all about learning to live sustainably and happily with less, as many societies do.
- One Nation Under Contract: The Outsourcing of American Power and the Future of Foreign Policy
Allison Stanger shows how contractors became an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, often in scandalous ways, but maintains that the problem is not contractors, but the absence of good government. Outsourcing done right is, in fact, indispensable to U.S. interests today.
- Ukraine: Reset to a Future of Strength
The "reset button" between Washington and Moscow, far from leaving our former Soviet allies in the cold, has enabled a country like Ukraine to pursue interests and alliances with new vigor. And this is positive for all parties involved, writes Jay Hallen.
- The Frugal Superpower: America's Global Leadership in a Cash-Strapped Era
Michael Mandelbaum says that in this age of soaring deficits, the era marked by an expansive U.S. foreign policy is coming to an end. He recommends a new policy, centered on a reduction in the nation's dependence on foreign oil.
- Just War, Jihad, and the Study of Comparative Ethics [Full Text]
What can the study of the comparative ethics tell us about the similarities and divergences between the just war and jihad traditions? How can the discipline help locate shared concerns, identify persistent differences, and reveal common narratives?
- The Politics of Carbon Leakage and the Fairness of Border Measures [Abstract]
It is possible to design fair border measures that address carbon leakage, are consistent with the leadership responsibilities of developed countries, do not penalize developing countries, and ensure that consumers take some responsibility for the emissions outsourced to developing countries.
- NWFZs: Pursuing a World Free of Nuclear Weapons
Today there are five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, yet only one has been fully ratified. Sadly, the reservations of the nuclear weapon states, specifically those of the United States, hinder the success and complete denuclearization of these designated zones.
- NUCLEAR WEAPONS, 2010
Sixty-five years after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear weapons remain one of the greatest dangers we face. Today the world has an estimated 23,000 nuclear weapons, the equivalent of about 150,000 Hiroshima bombs.
- What Are You Reading? Carnegie Council Staff Picks
These recommendations from our staff cover a lot of ground both emotionally and geographically, but they all involve some aspect of ethics and international affairs. Please feel free to add your recommendations.
- Beyond the NPT
Doctors Roald Sagdeev and Frank von Hippel have collaborated for decades on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation between the U.S. and the USSR. They discuss their work and their insights for the future arms control agenda.
- Future Leaders and Global Business Values: The IBM Worldwide Student Survey
How do the views of today's students and CEOs differ with regard to business on a shared planet? IBM engages with the Council's Carnegie New Leaders and the Workshops for Ethics in Business program to understand these emerging perspectives.
- Green Bonds: Devin Stewart Interviews Christopher Flensborg
Banker Chris Flensborg is one of the pioneers who developed green bonds. Issued by the World Bank, these bonds give institutional investors the opportunity to earmark their investments into climate-friendly projects.
- The Betrayal of American Prosperity: Free Market Delusions, America's Decline, and How We Must Compete in the Post-Dollar Era
Clyde Prestowitz argues that the U.S. is rapidly losing the basis of its wealth and power, as well as its freedom of action and independence. If we do not make dramatic changes quickly, we will confront a painful, permanent slide in our standard of living.
- Soviet Fates and Lost Alternatives: From Stalinism to the New Cold War
Washington has squandered the opportunity for a fundamentally new U.S.-Russian relationship after the Cold War, says Stephen Cohen.
- Dealing with Iran: "Missed Opportunities" and "Holding Contradictory Ideas at the Same Time"
How, ask David Speedie and Gary Sick, can we move the U.S.-Iran dialogue beyond the current mutually recriminatory stalemate?
- A Mosque in Munich: Nazis, the CIA, and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in the West
What do Nazis, the CIA, and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in the West have in common? Journalist Ian Johnson tells the untold story of a group of ex-Soviet Muslims who defected to Germany during World War II has a lesson for today: beware of using religion as a tool.
- Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy
Raghuram Rajan traces the deepening fault lines in a world overly dependent on the indebted U.S. consumer to power global economic growth, and where the U.S. has growing inequality and a thin social safety net. If these flaws are not fixed, we should be prepared for an even more serious financial crisis.
- Book Review: "The End of the Free Market" by Ian Bremmer
State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.
- The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities Are Reshaping the World
Ben Wildavsky shows how international competition for the brightest minds is transforming the world of higher education, and why this revolution should be welcomed, not feared.
- Open Primaries: William Vocke Interviews Abel Maldonado, Lieutenant Governor of California
Under the current system, California has a deadlocked, polarized legislature that can't get anything done, says Lt. Gov. Maldonado. The solution is to create an open primary system. California voters will vote on this proposal in June.
- This Is about Leadership: The Circular Debate of the Military's Gay Ban
In August 2010, three months after writing this article, West Point Cadet Katherine Miller publicly announced she was gay and resigned from West Point, saying that "Don't Ask Don't Tell" had caused her to lie and thus violate West Point's Honor Code.
- Global Ethics Corner: Should American Elections be Reformed?
Is it time to reform the U.S. electoral structure? Should more views be represented? Do narrow interests have too much power? What do you think?
- How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace
Diplomatic engagement with rivals, far from being appeasement, is critical to rapprochement between adversaries, says Charles Kupchan, and diplomacy, not economic interdependence, creates the path to peace.
- The Education of an American Dreamer
Peter G. Peterson tells his remarkable life story, from growing up in Nebraska, to advertising, to secretary of commerce under Nixon, to Lehman Brothers, and to the creation of The Blackstone Group, one of the great financial enterprises in recent times.
- Global Ethics Corner: Sports, NCAA Basketball, and Money
Is the role of the NCAA to help students succeed through sports, or to garner money for educational institutions? With the high drop-out rate of NCAA basketball players, should the organization change its rules to encourage student athletes to complete their undergraduate degrees?
- It's Been a Year... Some Thoughts on the Obama Administration
This collection presents perspectives on some of the many challenges facing the new administration. A little over a year is a short time, but is Obama fulfilling his promises?
- Taming the Gods: Religion and Democracy on Three Continents
Focusing on Muslims in Europe, Ian Buruma argues that religions (including Islam) and liberal democracies are compatible, despite many peoples' fears. Democracy allows space for religion as long as believers obey their society's laws.
- Superpower Illusions: How Myths and False Ideologies Led America Astray--and How to Return to Reality
Jack Matlock, American ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1987 to 1991, corrects a number of pervasive myths about the Cold War, including the belief that it ended with the fall of the Soviet Union and that the U.S. effectively won.
- Global Jobs Update: Assessing the Quality and Pace of Recovery
A panel of experts from the International Labour Organization, business, academia, and the EU discuss the actions taken to address this multi-faceted crisis, and give suggestions for further ways to generate jobs.
- Obama and God
As President Obama completes his first year in office, little attention has been given to a question that sparked raucous argument during the campaign. How would Barack Obama's religious beliefs affect his performance as president?
- Is the American Dream Dead?
America's global future seems in doubt with a frozen political process, mountains of debt, stagnant exports, global military commitments, and less secure friendships. Is the American Dream dead?
- U.S-Russia Relations and the Arctic
This set of two papers, one by a Canadian and one by a Russian, focuses on U.S.-Russian competition and cooperation in the Arctic region, looking particularly at security, commercial, and environmental issues of shared concern.
- The Arctic: The Next "Hot Spot" of International Relations or a Region of Cooperation?
Dr. Morozov identifies several key points regarding both the existing problems and challenges of the Arctic region, as well as possible ways to overcome them through joint efforts by the actors operating in the region.
- Cold Peace: International Cooperation Takes Hold in the Arctic
Thanks to international law, there is no race for Arctic resources, nor any appetite for military confrontation. The Arctic has become a zone of quiet cooperation, as countries work together to map the seabed, protect the environment, and guard against new, non-state security threats.
- Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration: An Interview with John Isaacs
John Isaacs, Executive Director of the Council for a Livable World, discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.
- Rationing Healthcare? We're Already Doing It
The question today is not whether to start rationing healthcare. We are already rationing, based in large part on the ability to pay. The question is how to alter the terms in a way that balances fairness and efficiency.
- America: Example or Moral Champion?
What is the U.S. role in the world? There are two extremes. Being an example, or employing forceful U.S. engagement and being a moral champion. Neither pole will or should prevail, but which might best drive America's interests?
- Hilary Charlesworth on Bills of Rights
What does a country gain by enacting a bill of rights? Do countries that lack bills of rights, like Australia, protect human rights as well as those, like the United States and Canada, that have them?
- Realism as Pragmatic Cooperation
Remedies to global challenges are less about romantic dreams to improve the world and more about pragmatism and sustainability. The pragmatic and ethical thing to do is to recognize that our interests are tied up with those of others in new and potentially creative ways.
- Global Migration: Open the Doors or Build the Walls?
Do immigrants help or hurt America? Closed borders cut off the world's best and brightest, while open borders may invite the world's desperate, criminal, and crazy. Should we err on the side of opening doors or building walls?
- The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today
Slaves are all around us, from the dishwasher in your local restaurant, to kids on the corner selling cheap trinkets. Bales and Soodalter provide a blueprint on how to recognize slavery and how to finally put an end to this horrific practice, which still flourishes here in "The Home of the Free."
- Ethical Policy Dilemmas in the Promotion of U.S. Human Rights Values
What are realistic processes of social change that should inform effective human rights policy and its implementation? Should human rights issues be pressed even if their primary effect is to assure domestic American constituencies that an administration's "heart is in the right place?"
- The American Future: A History
In a dazzling display of learning and verbal virtuosity, Simon Schama takes us from Arlington Cemetery to the contrasts between the Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian worldview; to China and Afghanistan; and to many points in between.
- George Kennan, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War Reconsidered
Historian John Lukacs discusses his close friend George Kennan. Kennan was an architect of the Cold War, but after 1950 he became one of its critics and recommended a dialogue with the Russians. Why the seeming contradiction?
- The Geopolitics of Emotion: How Cultures of Fear, Humiliation, and Hope are Reshaping the World
What are the driving emotions behind our cultural differences? How do these varying emotions influence the political, social, and cultural conflicts that roil our world?
- Devin Stewart Interviews Kazumasa Iwata
Kazumasa Iwata, head of the Japanese Cabinet Office's Economic and Social Research Institute, discusses moving towards a low-carbon society, Japan's response to the financial crisis, and in terms of the U.S.-Japan relationship, the growing threat of trade protectionism.
- Global Ethics Corner: Is the Free Market Central to America's Future?
New York is no longer viewed as the financial capital of the world, or even of the United States. Given the recent government intervention in states' economies, will the free-market model be able to compete?
- Global Ethics Corner: Jumping Parties: Principles or Pragmatism?
Senator Specter is now a Democrat. Was his decision to switch parties principled, pragmatic, or just expedient?
- Global Ethics Corner: Obama and Ethics
Can public discussion of issues acknowledge gray areas despite being polarized by the media and single issue groups?
- "The End of the West? Crisis and Change in the Atlantic Order" by Jeffrey Anderson, G. John Ikenberry, and Thomas Risse [Full Text]
This edited collection takes stock of the state of the Western alliance, seeking both to improve our theoretical understanding of conflict and crisis and to examine the relevance of theories of politics and international relations.
- Great Powers: America and the World after Bush
Military geostrategist Thomas P. M. Barnett argues that the 21st century will see the rise of a global middle class for the first time, which is in the U.S. national interest. He says that although we will have to make compromises, we should work to hasten this globalization process.
- A Necessary Engagement: Reinventing America's Relations with the Muslim World
In an informed assessment of the past, present, and future of America's relations with the Muslim world, the CIA's point person on Islam, Emile A. Nakhleh, makes a vigorous case for a renewal of American public diplomacy.
- Global Ethics Corner: Budgets, Cuban Policy, and Ethics?
Do we respect the wishes of anti-Castro Americans, to restrict trade, or the wishes of agriculture and medical sales interests, to open Cuban markets? If we relax restrictions, do we reward repression? What do you think?
- Political Futures Mar 09 Segment 2: Obama (7:16 mins)
How is President Obama managing the country in an environment of fear and anger caused by the economic crisis?
- Global Ethics Corner: Immigrants and Jobs
A Colombian immigrant was recently denied her investor's visa, forcing her to shut down her U.S. company and fire her six employees. Does immigration help or hurt American workers?
- The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States and the Next Revolution
As Castro finally leaves the stage and a new president arrives in Washington, both the Cuban system and U.S.-Cuba relations could be on the brink of a new era. What will happen next?
- Global Ethics Corner: Buy American? Is There a Choice?
While saving jobs is an urgent task in today's economy, promoting "Buy American" policies may hurt our chances of recovering from the recession. How can we apply the Golden Rule to our trade and consumption patterns?
- Lessons in Disaster: McGeorge Bundy and the Path to War in Vietnam
For Bundy, the ultimate actor in Vietnam was not the military, the secretary of state or of defense, or the national security advisor. It was the president. What does this teach us about other American wars?
- An Agenda for Obama: End America's Counterproductive Pursuit of Space Dominance
It's time to go back to President Eisenhower's original goal of space for peaceful purposes and ditch America's position that it has the right to militarily dominate outer space.
- Global Ethics Corner: Morgenthau and the New Administration
Should we observe Morgenthau's principles--avoid the crusading spirit and heed others' perspectives--or is promoting democracy and taking a forceful stand indispensable to U.S. foreign policy?
- A Conversation on NATO
The post-Cold War NATO has expanded, both in mission and membership. In each instance, problems have arisen with Russia. What are the lessons to be learned from these stresses, and what are NATO's prospects?
- The Measure of America
Following the UNDP model, this report uses a Human Development Index that provides a single measure of well-being for all Americans. The disturbing results reveal huge disparities in the health, education, and living standards of different groups across the nation.
- Beyond Terror and Martyrdom: The Future of the Middle East
The neocons and al-Qaeda have both failed to reach their objectives, says Gilles Kepel. We are now facing one big power in the Middle East: Iran.
- The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World
Does the symbiotic relationship between China and America--"Chimerica" as Niall Ferguson calls it--give reason to hope that America's present economic situation will turn out to be not a crash, but a correction?
- Global Ethics Corner: Market Capitalism Questioned
Will people associate U.S. power with "global misery" or with the opportunity and pluralism that Obama's victory represents? There is clearly a need to reflect on the future of market capitalism.
- The Squandering of America: How the Failure of Our Politics Undermines Our Prosperity
For 30 years, the economic condition of most Americans has become ever more precarious. To change this requires a cogent ideology and politics of a managed, rather than laissez-faire, brand of capitalism, says Robert Kuttner.
- Global Ethics Corner: Obama: Hope and Change, but for Whom?
How will President Obama deal with the hopes and fears of people abroad? Will his priority be the interests of the U.S. or will the welfare of those beyond America's borders also count?
- The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism
America is facing a profound triple crisis: the economy, the government, and an involvement in endless wars. This threatens all of us, Republicans and Democrats alike, says Andrew Bacevich.
- Ark of the Liberties: America and the World
Ted Widmer shows that from its beginnings, the United States, for all its shortfalls, has been by far the world's greatest advocate for freedom.
- After Georgia: Russia, NATO, and the CFE
Can the CFE Treaty assist in reestablishing security in the North Caucasus or has both its credibility and utility been undermined permanently?
- God and Race in American Politics: A Short History
Historian Mark A. Noll argues that the reason Barack Obama's candidacy is such an important matter for the American history of race, religion, and politics goes back to the 1830s. Noll focuses on the political effects of religion intermingling with race from a historical perspective.
- Global Ethics Corner: McCain and Obama: The Public Diplomacy Dance
The presidential candidates assert that America must renew its global moral authority, but they dance, offering no solutions. Let's take a closer look.
- Global Ethics Corner: U.S. Elections and World Opinion
Should the opinions of the world be important in American elections? This is a crucial question in applied ethics as we choose a president.
- The Freedom Agenda: Why America Must Spread Democracy (Just Not the Way George Bush Did)
According to James Traub, although Bush bungled his famous Freedom Agenda—that American liberty is dependent on liberty in other lands—the concept still holds true.
- The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought [Full Text]
Aydin challenges popular assumptions that non-Western ideological movements are always hostile to Western values, on the one hand, and that such movements emerge as a function of either anticolonial struggles or conservative and religious reactions to global modernity, on the other.
- Public Diplomacy and the 2008 Election
Hidden in the U.S. presidential election is the promise of a renewed emphasis on public diplomacy. But how will America renew a lost love affair with the rest of the world?
Should nations restrict the flow of newcomers? What rights should immigrants have? The Carnegie Council presents a selection of essential resources on the dilemmas and effects of international migration.
- SPECIAL REPORT: Proposed U.S. Missile Defenses in Europe
The U.S. proposal to establish missile defense sites in Poland and the Czech Republic has greatly exacerbated relations with Russia. Are we headed towards a new Cold War? Two U.S. and two Russian defense experts analyze the situation.
- ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: On U.S. Plans to Deploy ABM Systems in Europe and Possible Compromise Solutions
Petr Romashkin and Pavel Zolotarev argue that the current state of Russian-U.S. relations in the area of missile defense cannot be evaluated without taking a retrospective look at the problem.
- Counselor: A Life at the Edge of History
In this 2008 talk, Special Counsel and Advisor to John F. Kennedy Ted Sorensen recalls his life and times with JFK, including the dramas of desegregation and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
- The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East
Kishore Mahbubani argues that the Western dominance is waning and Asia has adopted many Western best practices, from meritocracy to free-market economics. Therefore it's high time that the West gives up its domination of global institutions, from the IMF to the UN Security Council.
- The First Campaign: Globalization, the Web, and the Race for the White House
The Internet has transformed the election process, says Graff, and whether candidates like it or not, fundraising and campaigning will never be the same again.
- Nobodies: Modern American Slave Labor and the Dark Side of the New Global Economy
Does labor abuse and outright slavery still exist in the United States? Yes, says author and journalist John Bowe, who travels from Florida to U.S.-owned Saipan to investigate modern global slave labor.
- Head and Heart: American Christianities
Garry Wills says that the U.S. separation of church and state both unleashed evangelical feelings and tempered them with reason and rationality. "Putting together the head and the heart is not easy, but we have been most successful as a country when that has happened."
- Faith in the Halls of Power: How Evangelicals Joined the American Elite
D. Michael Lindsay says that evangelicals have become the new internationalists working at both policy and grassroot levels for more American engagement abroad. How does this affect America and the rest of the world?
- Hog Pilots, Blue Water Grunts: The American Military in the Air, at Sea, and on the Ground
The Pacific is no longer an American lake, says Robert Kaplan, and with the rise of China and India, we should accept that we are moving once again towards a multipolar world.
- U.S.-Russia Relations and Climate Change After the G8
Nikolas K. Gvosdev examines the declining effectiveness of the G8 summits and the U.S.-Russian politics of climate change and missile defense that played out at this year's meeting.
- Off the Record: The Press, the Government, and the War over Anonymous Sources
Norman Pearlstine gives the scoop on Time Inc.'s role in the Scooter Libby/Valerie Plame case. He supports creating federal shield laws so that reporters can protect their sources.
- The Good Fight: Why Liberals--and Only Liberals--Can Win the War on Terror and Make America Great Again [Full Text]
Peter Beinart's new book offers the Democratic Party a "new liberalism," a vision he bases on the party's history of moral leadership and success in combating totalitarianism in the post–World War II era.
- America Against the World: How We Are Different and Why We Are Disliked
Once America was considered the champion of democracy, but now we are seen as a militant hyperpower. Why has the world turned against America and what can we do about it?
- American Islam: The Struggle for the Soul of a Religion
Over six million Muslims of different backgrounds live in the United States, and for the most part, says Paul Barrett, they are highly assimilated. But in certain areas this group has very different views of the world, and we need to understand their complexity.
- Environmental Treaties: Inconvenience or Opportunity?
The Kyoto Protocol took effect on February 16, 2005, as the first legally binding environmental treaty committed to reducing greenhouse emissions. But the United States, the world's largest polluter, continues to boycott the agreement. Parties to the convention recently started debating how the system will be extended after it expires in 2012. President Bush has said he does not intend to submit the treaty for ratification because of the exemptions granted to developing countries such as China, the world's second biggest emitter of atmospheric carbon.
- Dan Rather Interviews Alberto J. Mora, Former U.S. Navy General Counsel
Alberto Mora discusses the damage that the abuses at Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib have done to the United States, both domestically and internationally.
- Is Democracy Possible Here? Principles for a New Political Debate
If we want substantial political argument--and without it, true democracy is impossible--both "the red" and "the blue" must recognize shared moral principles, says Ronald Dworkin.
- Faith and Politics: How the "Moral Values" Debate Divides America and How to Move Forward Together
Senator John Danforth argues that religious people should engage in politics, but, he notes, "there is a difference between engaging in politics and transforming politics and government into an extension or an enforcer of your religious point of view."
- Uberpower: The Imperial Temptation of America
International resentment and lack of legitimacy is the high price that America is paying for its imperial ambitions, says Josef Joffe. To repair the damage, the United States needs to resist ideological temptations in its foreign policy and focus on rebuilding alliances and multilateral institutions.
- Stop the Bleeding of American Legitimacy
Branding the suicides of three Guantanamo detainees "an act of asymmetric warfare" is an act of superpower suicide. The global perception of a disregard for ethics and human life costs the United States the currency of international affairs: legitimacy.
- Chapter 4 Two Faces of American Environmentalism
This chapter from Forging Environmentalism presents two case studies: the small town of Grand Bois, Louisiana, which was sickened by the oilfield waste deposited in a nearby pit; and Civano, on the outskirts of Tucson, Arizona, which was originally conceived as a solar village demonstration project.
- Shaping Race Policies: The United States in Comparative Perspective [Full Text]
This book examines why racial incorporation is successful in some arenas of American public policy—affirmative action has diversified the labor market—while it has failed in others—notably in the area of welfare, where policies have tended to marginalize minorities.
- Decade of Nightmares: The End of the Sixties and the Making of Eighties America
In a wide-ranging talk, Professor Philip Jenkins argues that the mid-to-late 1970s were a crucial turning point in religious and political landscapes around the world.
- The Place of Faith in Public Life
"I have said, "Yes" to the question, "Does religious faith have a place in public life?" says John Brademas. "But I must at the same time insist that there be limitations on the relationship."
- Public Philosophy: Episodes and Arguments in American Civic Life
Professor Michael Sandel argues that there is an allergy among liberals to using substantive moral, and even religious arguments in politics. Yet, he notes, "it's often not possible, and in any case not desirable, to separate political argument from moral and religious argument."
- The Twelve Religious Tribes of American Politics
Steven Waldman, founder of the website belief.net.com, presents some surprising conclusions about how beliefs affect voting in the United States.
- Cousins and Strangers: America, Britain, and Europe in a New Century
According to Chris Patten, Europe wants to be a partner to the United States rather than a rival. Meanwhile, America and Europe both need to recognize that they no longer set the global agenda, and that they must work with and through China and India.
- American Vertigo: Traveling America in the Footsteps of Tocqueville
In his entertaining and sometimes provocative book, celebrated French intellectual Bernard-Henri Lévy takes a fascinating new look at the country that Americans think they know, investigating issues at the heart of U.S. democracy.
- America and the Challenges of Religious Diversity
Princeton Professor Robert Wuthnow asks whether we are willing to do the hard work required to achieve genuine religious diversity and understanding.
- Freedom of Worship
This chapter in the booklet "Four Freedoms" discusses America as a moral (and Christian) nation, the new threats to religious liberty, and growing religious diversity and extremism. It also contains discussion questions and recommended resources.
- Introduction: A Study Guide To The Four Freedoms
This provocative booklet examines the foreign policy of the George W. Bush Administration in the light of FDR's "Four Freedoms." Dr. Felice's introduction outlines the four freedoms and their roles as guiding principles.
- Foreword: A Study Guide To The Four Freedoms
This 2005 booklet explores the George W. Bush administration's policies in the light of FDR's "Four Freedoms" and asks, "How are we measuring up?"
- Evangelical Reflections on the U.S. Role In the World
A discussion of the growing importance of religious groups in advancing international human rights causes, from the Sudan to Korea.
- Conversation with Andrew Bacevich on "The New American Militarism"
"Family values", says Bacevich, used to apply to domestic politics; "but today this concept is aligned with a foreign policy agenda based on a belief in the efficacy of military power along with a revived sense of the American mission in the world."
- The New American Militarism: How Americans Are Seduced by War (2005)
Bacevich argues that military force has increasingly become the preferred instrument of American foreign policy, a process that began not with 9/11, but with the end of the Cold War.
- Ending Torture and Secret Detention in America's Name
The abuses at Abu Ghraib, Guantánamo, and elsewhere, have undermined our standing around the world, say Posner and Hutson.
- The Distinctive Culture Test
In Canada, the application of a "distinctive culture test" is a well-intentioned effort to apply standards to cultural distinctiveness. Yet it is not without its shortcomings.
- Return to Greatness: How America Lost Its Sense of Purpose and What It Needs to Do to Recover It
In a candid discussion of American politics and ideals, Alan Wolfe looks to the future and how the U.S. can keep liberty and equality alive and available to others around the world.
- The United States and the Muslim World Today
Karabell examines some of the most pervasive myths about the Middle East, including those surrounding the U.S. quest for oil, the Israel connection, and xenophobia.
- American Power and Development
Dr. Birdsall illuminates the intersection of globalization, development and American dominance, with special interest in improving America's use of soft power in foreign policy.
- Green Giants? Environmental Policies of the United States and the European Union, Norman J. Vig and Michael G. Faure, eds. [Excerpt]
Understanding the ways in which the EU and the U.S. approach issues of global environmental importance can presumably help to predict and guide future environmental action; to that end, the authors attempt to explain the similarities and differences in the respective policies.
- Lightning Out of Lebanon: Hezbollah Terrorists on American Soil
"Hezbollah makes Al-Qaeda look like Sunday-schoolers, children, kindergartners" according to an FBI contact interviewed by journalists Diaz and Newman.
- America and the World: Ethical Dimensions to Power
Taking Roosevelt's "Four Freedoms"—freedom from fear, freedom from want, freedom of worship, and freedom of expression—as a departure point, Joel Rosenthal and Michael Smith discuss the ethical dimensions of U.S. foreign policy.
- Beyond the Age of Innocence: Rebuilding Trust Between America and the World
Mahbubani observes that much of the world is disappointed with America's leadership, and yet would like it to take the lead in creating a stable world order. But can America revive the kind of leadership necessary to do this?
- Conflict and Order in the New Age of Preventive War
Nichols believes that the norm against preventive military action is rapidly being eroded and that we are headed into an era where preventive war will be an accepted feature of the international system.
- Three Challenges for the Human Rights Movement: Darfur, Abu Ghraib, and the Role of the United Nations
Kenneth Roth, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch, discusses Darfur, Abu Ghraib, and the role of the UN.
- America the Vulnerable: How Our Government is Failing to Protect Us from Terrorism
Flynn analyzes America's failure to address the reality that terrorism will continue as a form of warfare, and offers a prescription for making our networks more resilient to the inevitability of terrorist attacks.
- Exporting America: Why Corporate Greed Is Shipping American Jobs Overseas
The loss of numerous jobs to outsourcing harms the middle class and presents a grave threat to the U.S. economy, argues Lou Dobbs.
- New Perspectives on the Transatlantic Alliance
Lionel Barber identifies several crucial tests that will determine the future of the transatlantic alliance.
- Free World: America, Europe, and the Surprising Future of the West
EU-U.S. strategic cooperation is required to tackle the main security challenges of the 21st century.
- American Power and Empire
John Judis uncovers troubling parallels between America's foreign policy in the beginning of the 21st century and its imperialist experiments in the 1890s.
- Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum
"Because of the geographic shifts in the production of oil to areas of instability, growing competition for access to that oil, and the militarization of foreign oil policy, we are risking a very high level of violence emerging. We must move swiftly and systematically to develop a post-petroleum economy."
- American Power and Human Rights
The success of the war on terror will ultimately depend on optimal respect for fundamental rights at home and abroad, not on curtailing them in the name of security, says William Schulz of Amnesty International.
- Ask the Candidates--and Ourselves
Election seasons are a time of easy claims of moral clarity and virtue. Yet elections can also heighten our awareness of important issues, encouraging sharp debate on contested principles. To take the debate beyond the usual platitudes, the Carnegie Council offers a shortlist of questions focusing on current policy choices and the tradeoffs they entail.
- Gag Rule: On the Stifling of Dissent and the Suppression of Democracy
Lewis Lapham criticizes the suppression of dissenting voices in the aftermath of September 11th and the complicity of the media in manipulating public opinion on the war against Iraq.
- 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft and Debs: The Election That Changed the Country
James Chace looks back at the 1912 presidential elections and their effect on U.S. foreign policy.
- The Right Nation: How Conservatism Won
How did conservatism achieve the extraordinary dominance of American politics it enjoys today? Among other reasons, by being better organized and more in tune with core American values, say John Micklethwait and Adrian Woodridge.
- Power, Terror, Peace, and War
"We are creating new and ever more dangerous problems for ourselves simply by doing what it is that we like to do," says Walter Russell Mead, "And the idea that more capitalism necessarily creates more stability in the world is an illusion...." We must get our foreign policy back on track.
- Reason: Why Liberals Will Win the Battle for America
Robert Reich is optimistic about John Kerry’s victory in the presidential elections, because his research shows that most Americans adhere to fundamental liberal principles.
- Colossus: The Price of America's Empire
Ferguson argues that the United States would be better off embracing, rather than denying, its imperial destiny.
- Environmental Rights Enforcement in U.S. Courts
Osofsky notes that, unless advocates can convince courts to accept a characterization of these problems as violations of international law, victims of severe environmental harm will be limited to domestic law and non-legal strategies for obtaining redress.
- Climate Change and Human Rights
For the Arctic's Inuit, climate change is having very real human rights effects. Sheila Watt-Cloutier describes their creative efforts to hold governments accountable.
- Environmental Protection in the United States: A Right, a Privilege, or Politics?
Environmental justice in the U.S. has historically related to the need to redress the disproportionate effects of pollution on low-income and minority communities. Today, the effects of mounting pollution go far beyond these communities.
- Where is the Lone Ranger When We Need Him? America’s Search for a Post-Conflict Stability Force
Perito argues the need for creating a new U.S. force that is trained to assist with post-conflict operations in places like the Balkans, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
- Of Paradise and Power: America vs. Europe in the New World Order (With a New Afterword)
The widening military gap between Europe and the United States has an unavoidable effect, says Robert Kagan. "It is a natural human phenomenon that if you have more power, you are more likely to use it. When you have less power, you are less likely to use it, and also less likely to consider it a legitimate activity."
- Battered Mothers vs. U.S. Family Courts
Carrie Cuthbert and her colleagues write that battered mothers facing a family court system that lacks accountability have found hope in the human rights framework. The hard part is getting the courts themselves to change.
- The Great Unraveling: Losing Our Way in the New Century
According to economist and New York Times columnist Paul Krugman, the radicalism of the current administration’s political agenda, from its Social Security plans to its anti-environmental policies, is throwing the country into a deep crisis.
- The Invisible Hand of the American Empire [Excerpt]
Economic globalization looks like the "powerless" expansion of communications and markets, but allows the United States to harness the rest of the world to its rhythms and fortify its empire-like power. Action by Europe, China, and East Asia is a vent for hope.
- Shall We Call It An Empire?
The projection of American power inspires the great debate of our time. Is the United States a twenty-first century empire, and if so, what kind? If “empire” is not the right term, what is?
- Rogue Nation: American Unilateralism and the Failure of Good Intentions
Clyde Prestowitz sees American unilateralism, rooted in the claim to exceptionalism, as the main reason behind the growing anti-American sentiments around the world.
- At War with Ourselves: Why America Is Squandering Its Chance to Build a Better World
The world’s remaining superpower has failed to grasp the importance of its global leadership responsibilities, argues Michael Hirsch. Assuming a leadership position within a multilateral international system will serve best both American and the world’s security interests.
- Unilateralism and U.S. Foreign Policy
How is U.S. unilateralism in foreign policy perceived from abroad? This panel of international affairs experts presents a range foreign perspectives and discusses the challenges the U.S faces by adopting a "go it alone" policy.
- The End of the American Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century
International relations authority Charles Kupchan argues that America ignores Europe at its own peril.
- Of Paradise and Power: America vs. Europe in the New World Order
The widening military gap between Europe and the United States has an unavoidable effect, says Robert Kagan. "It is a natural human phenomenon that if you have more power, you are more likely to use it. When you have less power, you are less likely to use it, and also less likely to consider it a legitimate activity."
- The September 11 Effect [Full Text]
Since it seems that the leaders of the antiterrorist campaign are scripting their objectives to fit as they go along, the public should be more careful in deciding which policies it wants to support.
- First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power
The U.S. has always been an expansionist power, but between 1891-1909, it was exceptionally so, says Zimmerman. Five individuals in particular helped to drive the U.S. government in this direction: Theodore Roosevelt; naval strategist Alfred T. Mahan; Senator Henry Cabot Lodge; Secretary of State John Hay; and corporate lawyer turned colonial administrator Elihu Root.
- The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power
The United States has a long but largely uncelebrated history of fighting "small wars," and "if the past is a prologue of what is to come, small wars will be the main occupation of the American military for the foreseeable future," says Max Boot.
- Public Intellectuals: A Study of Decline
"The nature of modern academic life is inimical to creative public intellectual activity," says Richard A. Posner. In his view, today academic public intellectuals serve only an entertainment function and a solidarity function, but they rarely influence policy.
- The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone
Joseph Nye argues that U.S. leaders must create a framework that preserves American values congruent with those of other people in the world. "If you're going to play three-dimensional chess by looking at only one board, you're going to lose," he says.
- Warrior Politics: Why Leadership Demands a Pagan Ethos
The teachings of ancient Greek, Roman and Chinese philosophers are relevant in today's foreign policy environment because every current and future challenge to civilization has some parallel in the ancient past.
- The Secret Strength of American Foreign Policy
Many have accused the United States of being negligent in the area of foreign policy, yet, according to Walter Russell Mead, almost no other country has had more success in international affairs over the last 225 years.
- Way Out There In the Blue: Reagan, Star Wars and the End of the Cold War, Frances Fitzgerald [Full Text]
Fitzgerald analyzes Reagan and his Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), attempting to answer the question of how the United States committed itself to a multibillion dollar missile defense program that was technically infeasible and threatened U.S.-Soviet relations.
- Six Nightmares: Real Threats in a Dangerous World and How America Can Meet Them
Anthony Lake argues that the United States cannot afford to be lax about its security in a world plagued by episodes of high terrorism and political instability. He examines six scenarios that threaten America's safety and recommends steps to prevent them.
- Factory Rules versus Codes of Conduct: Which One Makes Sense for Business?
Some activists believe corporations are making sacrifices to implement codes, but it seems clear that corporations could in fact be doing much more. To businesses, levying fines for lateness makes sense, enforcing codes of conduct doesn’t.
- Interview with Medea Benjamin
Human Rights Dialogue interviews Medea Benjamin on the role of NGOs in establishing a global code of conduct from the global north to the global south, and from China to the U.S.
- Reflections of a Global Women's Activist
The focus of criminal justice systems on “finding the bad guy,” without a comprehensive analysis of what perpetuates abuses, often renders women as “victims.” Creating the economic, social, and political conditions that lead to the securing of rights is as important as finding the violators and seeking redress.
- Big Oil in Louisiana and a Community's Bottom Line
"Everyone was sick–sore throats, burning eyes, headaches, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea. Convoys of trucks were bringing in waste daily, and the smell was everywhere. In March 1994 we decided that it was time we stood together and fought for our lives."
- Why a Social Dimension to Foreign Policy Is Vital to U.S.-East Asia Relations
Mark Malloch Brown stresses the importance of a social awareness when the U.S. and East Asian countries are involved in foreign policy affairs in order to strengthen their relationship with one another.
- The Housing Issue: Parallels in the United States and East Asia
Shyama Venkateswar examines the American and Asian perspective on what were some of the barriers to adequate housing for citizens on both sides of the Pacific.
- The U.S. and Asia: Cultivating Common Ground for a “Social Foreign Policy”
Globalization should not mean the imposition of a dominant Western culture on the rest of the world, but rather it should be about learning what is rich in our own cultures and our own ways of doing things.
- Housing in the United States
Harold O. Wilson covers the development work of community development corporations (CDCs) in the U.S. Local CDCs, with the help from non-profit intermediaries have revitalized urban and rural communities across the country.
- Addressing the Plight of Migrant Workers in the United States and Asia: Opportunities and Challenges in Applying Human Rights Standards
In order to protect international migrant workers in the midst of the tumultuous and erratic markets in which they seek employment and labor, nongovernmental organizations and states should apply international human rights standards.
- "The West" Is Not Only the United States: European Assessments of Human Rights
Peter R. Baehr analyzes the human rights of European nations. These countries continue to contribute to the development of more balanced human rights assessments in the West.
- On Moral Equivalency and Cold War History [Abstract]
"National History Standards" and the Smithsonian's abortive effort to mount a 50th anniversary exhibit on the decision to drop the atomic bomb suggest that historians need to rethink some of their academic approaches to this subject, wrote John Lewis Gaddis in 1996. Free online till December 31, 2014.
- America and the World: Isolationism Resurgent? [Abstract]
The U.S. rejected isolationism during the standoff with the Soviet Union during the Cold War because of the perceived direct threat to U.S. security. Schlesinger argues that we must now both reexamine the Wilsonian doctrine of collective security and focus on preventive diplomacy.
- Ethical Issues for Today
What is the difference between ethics and law? Unlike the law, ethics involves other people, says Elie Wiesel, in this powerful, moving, and wide-ranging talk in 1996. We must be sensitive to the needs of others and constantly ask ourselves if we are doing enough to stand up for victims and care for others, both compatriots and strangers.
- America and the World: Isolationism Resurgent?
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. argues for a reexamination of the Wilsonian doctrine of collective security and a greater concentration on preventive diplomacy, to enhance the effectiveness of global organizations already in place. Introduction by Joel H. Rosenthal.
- William Faulkner's Old Verities: "It's Planting Time in America"
"Faulkner's words stir a dark, punishing wisdom, a plain, spare design for civic conduct," says Jack Valenti. Introduction by Robert Myers.
- Privatization: The Canadian Story
Crown corporations were created not out of ideological fervor, but pragmatically, to serve social, cultural, and economic priorities the private sector could not be expected to meet at that time.
- Covert Intervention as a Moral Problem [Abstract]
Often manipulative and sometimes anonymous, covert operations raise critical morality concerns in a democratic society. Written in 1989 in light of scandals in the mid-1970s and 1980s such as the Iran-Contra affair, this article poses questions that still need to be addressed today. Free online until December 31, 2014.
- A Trade Strategy for the United States [Abstract]
Krasner considers the decline of the global economic power the United States enjoyed from the 1940s through the 1960s and prescribes a policy of repricocity to restore the country's postwar position, allowing it to compete effectively in an emerging and changing economic climate.
- The Prudent Cold Warrior [Abstract]
Reinhold Niebuhr's Cold War stance, which he applied to both the USSR and to China, was a middle ground between the harsh amorality of the realists and the overly hopeful liberal view. Sizemore explicates Niebuhr's Chinese position to provide a skeptical criticism of Reagan's Central American policies.
- Reagan's Ambiguous Economic Legacy [Abstract]
The introductory piece attempts to set forth as objectively as possible the economic legacy of the Reagan Administration, with emphasis on its international aspects, and thereby to provide the background for the other articles.
- Superpower Ethics: The Rules of the Game [Abstract]
International systems have historically come in two forms: those based on the balance of power and those of a revolutionary nature, including systems organized around bipolar competition. Stanley Hoffmann finds the world order of 1987 to contain both these systems and judges it both ambiguous and original. To mark Dr. Hoffmann's death on September 13, 2015, this article is free online for a limited time.
- Superpower Ethics: Western European Dilemmas: Man, State, and History [Abstract]
Hassner reflects upon the profound differences among the European views of the superpowers and the challenge the United States and the Soviet Union face in establishing a common ethics.
- Living with Iran [Abstract]
Beeman uses Islamic history to show how contentious stances have evolved towards the West and how ignorance of that history has handicapped the United States in developing effective policies towards Iran.
- Is There An Ethic To NATO? [Abstract]
Phillips suggests ways to reaffirm the rule of law and the commitment to social justice and to build such values into Western foreign policy, rather than use them as public relations tinsel.
- Superpower Ethics: A Third World Perspective [Abstract]
In 1987, the philosophies of a U.S. grounded in political liberalism and a Soviet Union grounded in economic redistribution were at odds. Mazrui argues that each superpower's actions ultimately supported the other's philosophy.
- Helsinki, Human Rights, and the Gorbachev Style [Abstract]
Korey traces the evolution of the dispute over the Helsinki Accord and discusses Gorbachev's uneven attempts to improve the Soviet Union's recognition of human rights.
- "Do Not Forget Us!"
Activist Bayard Rustin reports on meeting Indochinese refugees in Thai camps, who fled their countries in fear of their lives. He exhorts America to open its doors and makes a special appeal to his fellow African-Americans, declaring: "Black people must recognize these people for what they are: brothers and sisters, not enemies and competitors."
- A New Sense of Direction (1968)
Dr. King gave this speech just a few months before his assassination and it is his last thorough evaluation of the movement. Still sadly relevant, he discusses U.S. racism, injustice, and militarism, and despite all, reaffirms his commitment to non-violence.
- Mission to Hanoi, 1968
In February 1968, peace activist Father Daniel Berrigan and historian Howard Zinn flew to Hanoi to obtain the release of three American prisoners of war. Here are Berrigan's notes from that historic trip. "The mission is calculated to outrage some on both sides," he writes.
- The Year that was 1963
"Nineteen sixty-three has proved a turbulent and a humbling year....The deaths of two men did most to remind us sharply of the kind of world we live in and the values we hold most dear. Both Pope John XXIII and John F. Kennedy emphasized the use of reason and the necessity for peace, and the need for reason in the pursuit of peace."
- America's Minority Problems
In 1960, the editors of WORLDVIEW Magazine argued that the freedom and democracy that United States leaders were espousing abroad during the Cold War were not being applied to minorities within their own country. To this aim, the editors called on church leaders to play a larger role in the civil rights movement, as they remained one of the most segregated places in America.
- The Problem of Race
1959 may not seem like a landmark year for the Civil Rights movement. It is sandwiched between the 1957 desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas and the 1960 sit-ins. Yet precisely because no defining event or triggering point happened that year, this editorial on the trajectory of Civil Rights is all the more interesting.
- Hope Rises from Ashes of World War I: CPU President William Merrill
The first major initiative of the Church Peace Union (now Carnegie Council) was an international conference in southern Germany, opening on August 1, 1914. However, in a bitter irony, Germany invaded Belgium on August 4. CPU president William Merrill explains the mixture of despair and hope with which the CPU faced the outbreak of World War I.
- Superpower Ethics: An Introduction [Abstract]
Aristotle's "virtue," Kant's "good intent," and the "good result" of the consequentialists are inadequate to determine right on the superpower playing field. In reference to this insufficiency, Nye sketches the arguments of the subsequent articles on the state of superpower ethics.
- Confronting Revolution in Nicaragua: U.S. and Canadian Responses (Case Study #7)
From 1977 to 1989, the period of the Carter and Reagan administrations, Canada did not support the U.S.-backed Contra rebels; their policy rested on differing views about human rights and their place in foreign policy.
- Rising Fences: Migrants, Borders, and a New Frontier for Ethics
"What will 2015 be remembered for? The image that comes to mind is 'rising fences.' If we took a satellite photo of the planet, that would be the story; fences going up everywhere. The wars and political chaos of the past year created a massive wave of truly desperate people. The wave is global in scale. Europe has borne the brunt. But the United States, Canada, Australia and many other nations are not immune."
- George Weigel
A distinguished senior fellow of Washington's Ethics and Public Policy Center, George Weigel is one of the world's leading authorities on the Catholic Church. He is author of the widely acclaimed biography of Pope John Paul ll, "Witness to Hope."
- Western Pessimism, Asian Optimism: Three Perspectives on Global Governance
Each of these books underlines the predicaments and challenges of global governance today. Stronger initiatives are urgently needed to provide the opportunities for more positive national action.
- Mass Civil Disobedience
In this short excerpt, MLK describes a new form of protest—"mass civil disobedience"—and explains why riots will not help advance the civil rights movement.