- Honduras: Hearing the Call for Democracy
Less than 800 miles from our shores, Hondurans protesting against a fraudulent presidential election have been clubbed, shot at, terrorized, and arbitrarily arrested by the hundreds. Yet this crisis has hardly produced a blip on the radar screen of mainstream U.S. news.
- A Tangled Embrace: What the JFK Papers Tell Us about the CIA's Anti-Castro Cuban Agents
In 1976, Cubana Flight 455 was brought down by a terrorist bomb. All 72 people aboard perished. Anti-Castro terrorist and longtime CIA asset Luis Posada is widely considered responsible, yet today he lives in Florida, a free man. Why was critical information about Posada and the CIA buried in the recently released JFK assassination files, even though his case has no relation to JFK?
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2018 with Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer
Probably the most dangerous geopolitical environment in decades-China, AI, Trump, end of Pax Americana--yes, it's very bad. But all these challenges energize political scientist Ian Bremmer to do his best work! Don't miss this great talk.
- Rescue: Refugees and the Political Crisis of Our Time, with David Miliband
Today there are 65 million people who have fled their homes because of conflict or persecution, says the International Rescue Committee's David Miliband. These are refugees not economic migrants, and half of them are children. It's a long-term crisis that will last our lifetimes. Why should we care? And what can we do about it, both at a policy level and as individuals?
- Over 60 Organizations in 30+ Countries Celebrate Global Ethics Day, 2017
October 18, 2017 marked the fourth annual Global Ethics Day, with participation from over 60 organizations and individuals from 31 countries on five continents. Founded by Carnegie Council in 2014 to celebrate its centennial, Global Ethics Day is a global teach-in, an opportunity for institutions to explore the role of ethics in a globalized world. From Gambia to Nicaragua to Romania, everyone celebrated in their own way.
- The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World
To mark Carnegie Council's Centennial, Michael Ignatieff and team set out to discover what moral values people hold in common across nations. What he found was that while universal human rights may be the language of states and liberal elites, what resonate with most people are "ordinary virtues" practiced on a person-to-person basis, such as tolerance and forgiveness. He concludes that liberals most focus on strengthening these ordinary virtues.
- New Book, "The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World" by Carnegie-Uehiro Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff
Carnegie Council congratulates Michael Ignatieff on the publication of "The Ordinary Virtues." This important book is the culmination of his Carnegie Council Centennial project, Global Ethical Dialogues, a multi-year initiative that engaged societies across the world in the quest for a global ethic--shared values with which to tackle problems that transcend national boundaries.
- Community Referenda on Mining in Guatemala
Katherine Fultz spent a total of three years in Guatemala studying environmental and cultural politics. "By using referenda to make a statement about mining," she writes, "indigenous people are reshaping aspects of a democratic system that largely fails to represent them and making it their own."
- Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans
"Oceans dominate the world," says Admiral Stavridis. After all, 70 percent of the globe is covered by water. In this masterly overview of the seven seas, he touches on the maritime battles that changed history; current geopolitics from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean; and the fact that environmentally, the oceans are "the largest crime scene in the world."
- Just Out: "Ethics & International Affairs" Summer 2017 Issue
This issue contains a special section on legitimate authority, war, and the ethics of rebellion; essays on reforming the UN secretary-general selection process and on de facto refugees in the Northern Triangle of Central America; a feature on motivating soldiers to fight in cosmopolitan wars; and a review essay on international security norms.
- Carnegie Council Appoints Three New Senior Fellows
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs is pleased to welcome three new senior fellows: Alexander Görlach, German scholar on politics and religion; Richard Katz, expert on the Japanese economy and business; and Marlene Laruelle, political scientist specializing in Russia and Central Asia.
- The Main(e) Concern in the South China Sea
On the 119th anniversary of the start of the Spanish-American War, the U.S. is facing another potential maritime conflict, this time with China. What lessons should the Trump administration learn from this war? What are the ethical and economic considerations of a possible conflict in the South China Sea?
- A Conversation on Statelessness with Kristy A. Belton
There are over 10 million stateless people around the world, says researcher Kristy A. Belton, with, often, limited access to banking, education, health care, and countless other services. What does this situation look like in the Dominican Republic and Haiti? How can civil society and the world's "citizens" help to address this problem?
- Easternization: Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond
"Financial Times" chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman says, "We've reached the point where the West's grip on world affairs begins to loosen." China's economic rise is, indeed, a big reason for this shift, but how do Brexit, Crimea, and "red lines" fit into the story? What will be the effect on Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa?
- Just Out: "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2017 Issue
The topics in this issue include human rights, statelessness, refugee camps, immigration ethics, and a section on the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the refugee protection regime.
- Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 31.1 (Spring 2017)
This issue includes essays by Michael Ignatieff on human rights and the ordinary virtues; Kristy A. Belton on the prospect of ending statelessness in the Americas, the second of a two-part series; and Carmen Gómez Martín on the problematic nature of refugee camps as de facto long-term solutions. It also contains two features, one by Dan Bulley and the other by Alise Coen, presenting differing views on the relationship between the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the refugee protection regime, with a brief introduction by Jason Ralph and James Souter; a review essay on immigration ethics by Linda Bosniak; and book reviews by Andrew Altman, Andrew Hurrell, and William Gochberg.
- A Conversation with Robert Quinn on Scholars at Risk
Scholars at Risk provides temporary teaching positions and advisory services to hundreds of threatened scholars around the world. Quinn describes how its caseload has doubled recently, largely because of Syria and Turkey. He also discusses challenges for U.S. colleges, from fake news, to Trump's immigration policies, to free speech on campuses.
- Asylum in the United States for Unaccompanied Children
The current magnitude of child migration to the United States is unprecedented. How does the U.S. asylum process for unaccompanied children work? The views and analyses expressed in this article are the author's alone and do not represent the positions of any U.S. government entity or the American Bar Association.
- Women's Rights are Human Rights: Global Challenges to Reproductive Health
How will the Trump presidency affect women's rights, not only in the U.S. but around the world? Will the Sustainable Development Goals really succeed in improving women's health and reducing gender inequalities? Emotions run high on these issues. How can we find common ground? Don't miss this important discussion.
- A Conversation on Climate Change & Forced Displacement with David Sussman
Conflict and war are often talked about as main drivers of forced displacement, but researcher David Sussman also points to climate change and consumerism as major factors. How is this playing out in Latin America and the Pacific islands? And, in regards to these issues, what can we expect from the Trump administration?
- What is Populism?
There's a wave of populist leaders around the world right now, from Erdoğan to Trump. What defines a populist exactly, and why are they so dangerous? Learn more in this most timely interview.
- Foreign Affairs & U.S. History Materials, Curated for High School Teachers by a Teacher
The new Worksheets & Excerpts section of Carnegie Council's online educational resources includes material useful for comparative government, world history, and U.S. history courses, and is specially designed for high school teachers.
- Strangers in Strange Lands: Migration
In 2015, the number of international migrants worldwide—people residing in a country other than their country of birth—reached a record-breaking 244 million. And 65.3 million of these migrants were refugees, the largest number since World War II. We present a collection of useful resources on the ethical and practical challenges of migration.
- Codename: Chilbom
On a fall morning in 1976, a bomb exploded in the middle of Washington. The shock waves were felt for the next 30 years.
- A World History of Political Violence
Rachel Kleinfeld discusses with Devin Stewart her research--which took her to five continents over the past three years--and forthcoming book on how violence is perpetuated and curtailed in societies around the world. Kleinfeld discusses the role of political power, corruption, law enforcement, leadership, and grassroots movements.
- Move Over, Black Swan: Here Comes the Gray Rhino
Black swans are unforeseeable, but gray rhinos are the looming threats right in front of our noses that we choose to ignore, says policy analyst Michele Wucker. Her top five rhinos right now are: the fragmentation of the EU; liquidity shocks in the financial markets; political instability in the U.S.; climate change; and the Middle East.
- The Next Pandemic: On the Front Lines Against Humankind's Gravest Dangers
In over 20 years at the CDC, Dr. Ali Khan battled Ebola, SARS, and other deadly diseases. But, as he reveals in this fascinating talk, what really worries him is the effect that political and social factors can have on fighting these outbreaks. With Zika emerging as the newest threat, what can governments--and individuals--do to be better prepared?
- In Search of a Global Ethic
Research in 25 cities in eight countries on five continents shows that norms across cultures may not be so different after all.
- Better Transportation for a Better City
Did you know that the longest traffic jam ever recorded--192 miles--occurred in São Paulo? "Not only would an expansion of the subway system increase the safety and sustainability of the city, but it would improve the city's inclusiveness by addressing social inequality," argues 16-year-old Jack Conway, a São Paulo resident for the past four years.
- Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist
From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
- The Aging of the Cuban Embargo and the Coming Era in U.S.-Latin American Relations
The decades-long U.S.trade embargo is still in force, yet meanwhile time has not stood still for Cuba. Lynn Holland looks at Cuba's network of overseas alliances, which range from trade to education, medical diplomacy, and peacekeeping. She goes on to discuss areas of fruitful cooperation between the U.S. and Cuba.
- Pope Francis Among the Wolves: The Inside Story of a Revolution
Francis is the first pope who wasn't born in a village, says Vatican expert Marco Politi, but in a mega-city with many social-economic levels and faiths. "This explains why when he speaks he doesn't speak only to Catholics, not only to Christians. He speaks beyond religious borders. He speaks to men and women as they are in contemporary society."
- American Energy Challenges and Global Leadership in the Years Ahead
Thanks to new technologies for extracting oil and natural gas, such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), the United States is now the biggest producer of energy in the world. What do plummeting energy prices mean for sellers and consumers around the world--and what will be the likely consequences for climate change?
- Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics
Medical tourism is big business, involving millions of patients who travel abroad to get health care. Some travel to avoid queues and save money. Others seek services that are illegal in their own country, such as abortions and surrogate pregnancies. As Cohen explains, this growing industry opens a Pandora's box of legal and ethical questions.
- Cuba's Pivotal Role on the World Stage
One might not think that a small island like Cuba could play a critical role in world politics. Yet the circumstances of Obama's decision to restore diplomatic relations with Cuba should prompt us to see the country in a new light. We should examine the role of Russia in this event, as well as the repercussions in the rest of Latin America.
- Public Health in Brazil
Few countries in the world match Brazil's pledge to provide universal, free health care as a constitutional right. This promise extends far beyond routine check-ups and vaccinations. How is this ambitious goal being carried out in practice?
- Brazil at a Crossroads: The 2013 Protests and the Upcoming Presidential Elections
Who will win the Brazilian election on October 26, and which--if either--of the candidates is more likely to fulfill the demands of the protesters who took to the streets in 2013? How much change can either of them offer, given the entrenched political status quo and the economic problems facing the country?
- The Central American Child Emigration Crisis: Facts, Figures, and Root Causes
Beginning in early 2014, news reports noted the rising number of unaccompanied minors attempting to cross the U.S. border with Mexico. Soon, it was described as a crisis. What made this flow of migrants a crisis? Who are these unaccompanied minors? What caused their migration? Did the United States play a role in it?
- Toward Understanding Our World's Moral Landscape: Carnegie Council's Centennial Projects on a "Global Ethic"
As part of its Centennial activities, Carnegie Council launched several projects, including the Global Ethical Dialogues and Thought Leaders Forum, to explore the concept of a "global ethic." Senior Fellow Devin Stewart writes on the highlights from these two projects, including what leading thinkers believe to be the greatest ethical challenges.
- The Participation Gap
"Inequality doesn't result only from differences in income or wealth (the focus of French economist Thomas Piketty). It also has a political dimension, fueled by unequal access to power and the norm that all citizens deserve an equal voice."
- The Lower Aguán in Honduras and the Deadly Battle Over Land Rights
The tumult in the Lower Aguán calls for a more thorough examination of the nature of land rights conflict and its role in making Honduras the murder capital of the world. Each side claims ownership of the land based on agrarian reform measures undertaken in different eras. And both the U.S. and the World Bank have played an important part.
- "Watchers of the Sky": Film Screening & Conversation with Luis Moreno-Ocampo
What are the challenges facing the International Criminal Court? How can it be more effective? Former ICC prosecutor Moreno-Ocampo explains.
- The Secret of Political Jiu-Jitsu
"While oppression may appear to be a display of the government's power, skilled activists know that it's actually a sign of weakness."
- By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World
As China's urban middle class expands, China's government--and private companies--are traveling the globe in pursuit of fuel, ores, water, and farmland. And the government has all kinds of tools to bring to bear, from public diplomacy and backroom deals, to low-cost financing and low-cost labor. How is this quest changing the world, including China itself?
- Chile's Opportunity to Eradicate Violence Against Women—and Set an Example for the Region
If Michelle Bachelet regains the Chilean presidency in the 2013 election, she has the opportunity to create a lasting legacy for women. What's needed is a multi-pronged approach that properly funds and enforces regulations, but even more importantly, goes to the root of the problem by bringing about cultural change.
- Immigration Reform: Truths, Myths, and Politics
The great wave of illegal immigration to the United States is over, says Edward Schumacher-Matos. Our real challenge now is what to do with those 11–12 million people who are here illegally but who are part of our communities--and this is not only a legal issue but an ethical one.
- Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God
Created and armed by Iran, Hezbollah's reach stretches around the world, including inside the United States. Matthew Levitt traces its terrifying activities and discusses how Iran/Hezbollah might retaliate in response to a U.S. strike on Syria.
- Global Ethical Dialogues: South America Slideshow June 2013
Slideshow from June 2013 Global Ethical Dialogue in South America with Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff.
- Globalization Is the Unsung Champion of the Protests Happening Around the World
Through the late 80s and 90s, protests everywhere from Berlin to Seattle revealed a common target of public unrest: globalization. Now, however, globalization has become an unsung champion of an empowered, rising global middle class that is more connected and has higher expectations politically. The June protests in Brazil are a good example.
- Venezuela: An Ethical Foreign Policy?
Some observers see Venezuela's foreign policy as promoting international solidarity with the oppressed, combating poverty, and pushing for a just world order free of uni-polar domination. Others argue that it has been incoherent, militaristic, and prejudicial to regional stability. What does the evidence tell us?
- Michael Ignatieff: "No hay democracia verdadera sin limitación y control efectivo del poder"
In this interview with the Argentinian newspaper, "Clarin," which took place during the Council's site visit to South America, Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff discussed democracy and the limitations of power. (In Spanish)
- The Ethics of Globalization and the Globalization of Ethics
In this rousing and eloquent speech in Rio, given during the biggest protests there in 25 years, Michael Ignatieff salutes the protesters' "patriotic anger" and discusses how to combat corruption, a 2,000-year-old problem common to societies worldwide.
- Global Ethical Dialogues: Lessons from Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina
Most societies agree on certain global norms. For example, in most countries, corruption is considered unethical. But what happens when global norms are applied locally? How does a society define corruption and what is it doing about it? In June, 2013, our research team got to see firsthand how these forces play out in Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil.
- Global Ethical Dialogues: Concept Paper
How can Carnegie Council, an organization with a global mandate but based in New York, contribute to generating egalitarian dialogue within and between unequal societies? We hope to do so by organizing an inter-connected series of global dialogues on the ethical roots of problems we face in common and what we need to do together to solve them.
- Human Rights Expert and Former Politician Michael Ignatieff Leads Ethical Dialogue in South America
The "Wall Street Journal" website featured a Carnegie Council press release on the Council's Global Ethical Dialogues visit to Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil.
- Human Rights Expert and Former Politician Michael Ignatieff Leads Ethical Dialogue in South America
Given that global dialogue on ethical issues is already going on in thousands of places, how can Carnegie Council make a distinctive contribution? Led by Centennial Chair Dr. Michael Ignatieff, the Council is meeting this challenge by setting up Global Ethical Dialogues across the world, starting with a June 2013 visit to Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil.
- Evangelical Catholicism: Deep Reform in the 21st Century
In this in-depth, erudite talk, George Weigel discusses the historic shift taking place in the Catholic church; the character of the new mode of Catholicism that is coming into being; his personal impressions of the new pope; and the flourishing church in Africa.
- Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles
Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
- Why Dictators Don't Like Jokes
Pro-democracy activists around the world are discovering that humor is one of the most powerful weapons in the fight against authoritarianism.
- Carnegie Council Appoints New Global Ethics Fellows and Senior Fellow
Carnegie Council is pleased to announce four additions to its distinguished group of fellows around the world. The new fellows are from Brazil, Ghana, Singapore, and South Africa.
- The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
With a breadth and depth of knowledge spanning not only current geopolitics but centuries of history, Robert Kaplan shows us the crucial importance of geography in shaping our destinies. Geography still matters, and always will.
- Global Ethics Corner: How Should the Media Cover Natural Disasters?
As Superstorm Sandy made clear, natural disasters can wreak havoc on rich and poor countries, alike. However, the Western media's coverage often tilts away from the developing world. Is this a problem? What can individuals do to change this?
- Thought Leader: Luis Moreno-Ocampo
"The new world, the 21st century is about global communication and global citizenship. I see this particularly in the young people."
- Thought Leader: Enrique Penalosa
"The wealthy have a responsibility to have a certain degree of austerity, to show that they are admired and respected, not because they have material wealth, but because of their contribution to society."
- Thought Leader: Juan Somavia
"We may have globalization, we have more interconnectedness, lots of things are happening, more trade. But what's the moral compass? You have the feeling that the compass is 'If you can get away with it, it's all right. If you are not found out, okay.'"
- Confronting Youth Unemployment
With an unemployment rate three times higher than that of adults, there are 75 million youth worldwide looking for work. International Labour Organization head Juan Somavia gives his take and Indian employer Rahul Mirchandani speaks about training youth for the workforce.
- The Leaderless Revolution: How Ordinary People Will Take Power and Change Politics in the 21st Century
Countries the world over are suffering from a deficit of democracy, says Carne Ross, and it's not enough just to protest and/or tinker with the existing system. Radical change is needed. We, the people, must take on the burden of governing ourselves.
- What Does It Mean to Prevent Genocide?
It's essential to understand that genocide is a process, not an event, says Tibi Galis from the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation. It doesn't just happen out of the blue. So there are chances to step in and change the course of this process.
- No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn
How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
- Ethics Matter: Mary Ellen Iskenderian, CEO of Women's World Banking
CEO of Women's World Banking Iskenderian explains why investing in women makes so much sense. She also tackles the recent critiques of microfinance and discusses how it is evolving.
- Iran: A Diplomatic Solution
In this knowledgeable and detailed talk, Ambassador Pickering cuts through the current hysteria about Iran, stressing that we still have time for diplomacy. In fact it may finally be the right moment for both sides to engage in constructive talks.
- The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations
According to Michael Ross, it's no coincidence that major oil-producing countries have less democracy, fewer opportunities for women, more frequent civil wars, and more volatile economic growth than the rest of the world.
- Global Ethics Corner: A Force for Good or Evil? Google Maps and Border Wars
Border disputes have been around for thousands of years, but in the age of Google Maps, they are taking on another dimension. Does Google bear any responsibility if a conflict arises because of borders it has drawn? Or should we all realize that these maps are just for "entertainment"?
- Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America
Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Gabriel Marcia Marquez, Octavio Paz, and many more: Krauze discusses Latin America's intellectual, literary, and political figures who were inspired by revolutionary ideas, and hopes that his book will be "a requiem for the Latin American passionate revolution."
- Global Ethics Corner: The Cuban Embargo Turns 50: Time to Rethink U.S. Policy?
As the Cuban embargo reaches a milestone, a majority of Americans think it's time for a change. Many argue that the communist stronghold is no longer a threat and the sanctions only serve to hurt the Cuban people. Is it time to lift the embargo or should Obama maintain the status quo?
- The Dictator's Handbook: Why Bad Behavior Is Almost Always Good Politics
Cynics or realists? Just follow five rules and you can be a successful dictator, say Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith--at least until old age or sickness catch up with you. They go on to argue that these precepts apply to all systems of governance, including U.S. democracy.
- Ethics Matter: Economist and Development Expert Jeffrey Sachs
Jeffrey Sachs discusses America's economic and moral crisis; development aid; the Occupy Wall Street movement; and the mobilization of youth around the world, fighting for the basic principles of freedom, justice, and equality.
- Philanthropic Foundations, Think Tanks, and Development: Understanding and Assessing the Think Tank Initiative
Can think tanks really facilitate growth? How robust are the Think Tank Initiative's evaluative and accountability processes? Measuring how the TTI fares will not only enable us to gauge the venture's efficacy, but also help us to better understand the role that philanthropic foundations play.
- UN Population Fund Report
Now that the population has reached seven billion, most of the focus is on the numbers. In this report, however, Crossette explores individual stories around the world to shed light on such issues as aging populations, migration, and the desire of women for family planning.
- Justin Harlow on Political Risk and Investment in Emerging Markets
Justin Harlow discusses investing in the energy sector in emerging markets. He is the founder and managing partner of Tau Energy Partners, an energy investment advisory firm dedicated to emerging markets.
- Angela M. Kelley on Ethics and U.S. Immigration Policy
Angela Maria Kelley, of the Center for American Progress, talks frankly about the difficult practical and ethical questions surrounding U.S. immigration, and the inconsistent approaches in different states because of the deadlock at the federal level.
- Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
"It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."
- PepsiCo's Donna Hrinak on Public Policy and Business in Latin America
In a wide-ranging conversation, former U.S. ambassador Donna Hrinak discusses her regional responsibilities in Latin America, and her global work with other food and beverage companies, together with NGOs, to make packaged foods and drinks healthier.
- AMRO and the IMF: The Need for Global Economic Governance Reform
At this critical juncture, many emerging nations believe that global economic governance is derelict. This explains the rise of regional organizations such as AMRO, a Singapore-based regional monetary surveillance apparatus. What does this mean for the future of the IMF?
- Ist Prize, Post Secondary Education Category, "Making a Difference" Essay Contest, 2010
Phaedra Jaggernauth, University of Trinidad and Tobago, gives a detailed blueprint on how to transform her school, from installing solar panels and reducing energy needs, to fostering leadership skills and working with organizations such as local TV stations.
- Interview with Colette Lespinasse on Haiti
Colette Lespinasse discusses pre-existing governance and human rights issues in disaster-stricken Haiti. She addresses the recent earthquake and cholera outbreak, as well as her work with migrants on the Haitian-Dominican border.
- AMEXICA: War Along the Borderline
In a horrific account, Ed Vulliamy describes the ultraviolent, nihilistic narco-traficante culture of the Mexican-American border, a land of drug addicts and cartels.
- Las Presidentas
A new era in Latin America or status quo in another form? While female politicians' success in Latin American elections is laudable, this trend does not necessarily herald either the end of machismo or a new dawn for women's liberation in the region.
- Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories
Master raconteur Simon Winchester tells a series of gripping and little-known tales of the Atlantic, the ocean he calls "the inland sea of modern civilization."
- Global Ethics Corner: Handpicking Successors and the Brazilian Elections
Brazil's President Lula da Silva handpicked Dilma Rousseff as his successor, even though she has never held political office. How important is continuity in governments? Is handpicking a successor acceptable in order to win an election or to direct a government? What do you think?
- Global Ethics Corner: Neo-liberalism and Welfare
Do markets promote the greatest good for the greatest number? What do you think? Should long-term economic growth, promised by a free market, be prioritized over concerns about inequality? How do you balance a society's need both to create wealth and insure welfare?
- Interview with William Powers, Living Off the Grid
William Powers discusses his life's journey, including time in Liberia and Bolivia, and a stay in a 12 x 12-foot cabin with no electricity or running water. It's all about learning to live sustainably and happily with less, as many societies do.
- The Ethical Implications of Sea-Level Rise Due to Climate Change [Abstract]
Does humanity have a moral obligation toward the estimated millions of individuals who will be displaced from their homes over the course of this century primarily due to sea-level rise as the earth's climate warms? What form should these actions take?
- NWFZs: Pursuing a World Free of Nuclear Weapons
Today there are five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, yet only one has been fully ratified. Sadly, the reservations of the nuclear weapon states, specifically those of the United States, hinder the success and complete denuclearization of these designated zones.
- Ethics in Business: Interview with Felipe Botero, VP, MetLife
Felipe Botero is a VP at MetLife Insurance. Day-to-day, he develops insurance for retiring baby-boomers. But he is also taking on the enormous responsibility of putting together microinsurance products for MetLife in the developing world.
- Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction
After wars end, what steps should countries take to consolidate peace? Graciana del Castillo identifies five premises that are necessary for war economies to transition into sustainable and productive markets.
- Book Review: "The End of the Free Market" by Ian Bremmer
State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.
- Rise of the Rest
The Council's "Rise of the Rest" project focuses not on decline of existing powers but on the emergence of others. The U.S. should accept these developments for what they are, recognize the interests of others, and see opportunity for burden sharing rather than threat to primacy.
- Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization
Everything hinges on water; it is essential to life and to civilization. Will there be enough fresh water for 9 billion of us by 2050? In this talk, journalist Steven Solomon discusses the impending global water crisis.
- Darrel Moellendorf on the Climate Change Negotiations in Copenhagen
Darrel Moellendorf (author of "Treaty Norms and Climate Change Mitigation") discusses what happened in Copenhagen and what it means for future negotiations on climate change.
- Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present
Should civil resistance be seen as potentially replacing violence completely, or as a phenomenon that operates in conjunction with, and as a modification of, power politics?
- Global Ethics Corner: Military Intervention and Democracy?
Is it ever ethical to violate a democratic constitution? If the rationale for military intervention is to save democracy, does that make it legitimate?
- "The Moral Force of Indigenous Politics: Critical Liberalism and the Zapatistas" by Courtney Jung [Full Text]
Jung offers a normatively informed and empirically grounded critique of approaches that justify minority rights on the basis of the need to protect culture.
- Populism and Democracy in Latin America [Excerpt]
The populism that is sweeping Latin America seeks, like democracy, to enact the sovereign rule of the people. Nevertheless, democrats and populists diverge over how to establish a just and enduring political order.
- Global Ethics Corner: Budgets, Cuban Policy, and Ethics?
Do we respect the wishes of anti-Castro Americans, to restrict trade, or the wishes of agriculture and medical sales interests, to open Cuban markets? If we relax restrictions, do we reward repression? What do you think?
- Political Futures Mar 09 Segment 4: The Petro-states (6:13 mins)
Everyone is affected by the global economic crisis. But what are the special challenges facing petro-states, such as Venezuela, Iran, and Iraq?
- The Dictator's Shadow: Life Under Augusto Pinochet
In his first-hand account of the brutal Pinochet years and their aftermath, H.E. Mr. Heraldo Muñoz asks, "The agonizing question is: Was Pinochet necessary? Could Chile have reached its present prosperity without him?"
- Global Ethics Corner: Immigrants and Jobs
A Colombian immigrant was recently denied her investor's visa, forcing her to shut down her U.S. company and fire her six employees. Does immigration help or hurt American workers?
- The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States and the Next Revolution
As Castro finally leaves the stage and a new president arrives in Washington, both the Cuban system and U.S.-Cuba relations could be on the brink of a new era. What will happen next?
- David Speedie Interviews Ted Sorensen
"A president who doesn't go to war may show more courage than one who does," said JFK. In a wide-ranging conversation, Sorensen discusses JFK, Cuba, and Vietnam; the 2008 Russia/Georgia conflict; McCain's idea of a League of Nations; and the promise of Obama.
- Counselor: A Life at the Edge of History
In this 2008 talk, Special Counsel and Advisor to John F. Kennedy Ted Sorensen recalls his life and times with JFK, including the dramas of desegregation and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
- Dealing Fairly with Developing Country Debt
Barry Herman, Lydia Tomitova, and Jonathan Shafter of the joint Carnegie Council–New School Ethics and Debt Project present the new book, Dealing Fairly with Developing Country Debt.
- The Resource Curse: A Clean Hands Trust for the People of Sudan (Part 4)
Wenar argues that a trust-and-tariff mechanism could be used against countries that insist on buying resources from the worst regimes. The revenues would go to repressed peoples such as the Sudanese.
- The Enclave Economy: Foreign Investment and Sustainable Development in Mexico's Silicon Valley
Kevin Gallagher finds that Mexico's post-NAFTA experience of foreign direct investment in its information technology sector, particularly in the Guadalajara region, did not result in the expected benefits.
- The Carnegie Council Announces the Publication of "Dealing Fairly with Developing Country Debt"
In this important volume edited by Christian Barry, Barry Herman, and Lydia Tomitova, philosophers, theologians, lawyers, and economists examine questions related to how to deal fairly with the over-indebted governments of developing countries.
- A Human Rights Argument for the Colombia Free Trade Agreement
Many human rights and labor rights leaders argue that the U.S. should not reward Colombia with a permanent free trade agreement right now because it has not made sufficient progress in labor rights and basic human rights. But if not now, when?
- Argentina, the Church, and the Debt [Abstract]
The Argentine debt crisis of 2001–2002 and its aftermath are examined in the light of the moral framework of Catholic social teaching on the debt problems of poor countries.
- The New Faces of Christianity: Believing the Bible in the Global South
Professor Philip Jenkins argues that by the year 2025, Africa and Latin America will have the largest number of Christians in the world. According to Jenkins, this is a different kind of Christianity from that which we are used to in the Global North.
- Redefining Politics: Latin American Style
"The poor, the indigenous, isolated rural communities are easily attracted by radical populists who offer simple solutions to complex problems," says Shapiro. He suggests paths to economic growth; the audience is most interested in the rise of "leftist" politicians across Latin America.
- The Future of Culture and Rights for Bolivia's Indigenous Movements
Present hostilities in Bolivia are fundamentally a war over the representation and status of the rights of the country’s majority indigenous population.
- "Argentina--Hope in Hard Times" Conversation with Filmmakers Mark Dworkin and Melissa Young
At the end of 2001, after years as the poster child for corporate globalization, the Argentine economy collapsed. Film-makers Dworkin and Young were there. In the midst of disaster, they found a resurgence of grass-roots democracy, and a spirit of community.
- Language Rights And Guarani Renaissance In Bolivia
Guarani claim the right to native language schooling not just to reproduce their distinct identity, but also to engage in a pluralistic society as equals.
- Liberty for Latin America: How to Undo 500 Years of State Oppression
Most Latin American countries have not overcome their inheritance from the colonial past: corporatism, state mercantilism, privilege, bottom-up wealth redistribution, and political law. By adopting true market reform under the rule of law, these countries can build prosperous democracies.
- History Education and Reconciliation in Guatemala
Carnegie Council Fellow Elizabeth Oglesby investigates to what degree the findings of the Guatemalan Historical Clarification Commission [CEH], have been integrated into secondary school history programs, how this happened and what are the politics of post-war and post-Commission education in Guatemala today.
- A Nascent Agenda for the Americas
As Taillant writes, recently in Latin America the enforcement of human rights and environmental legislation has been making headway.
- Interview with Cristobal Osorio Sanchez
Sánchez is a survivor of massacres perpetrated against the Maya-Achí community of Rio Negro, Guatemala, and one of the Chixoy Dam-affected people. He is president of the Peasant Association of the Community of Rio Negro Maya-Achí and sits on the board of the Association of Chixoy Dam Affected Communities.
- "The Chixoy Dam Destroyed Our Lives"
Monti Aguirre describes the tragedy of the Maya-Achi people of Guatemala, victims of a World Bank-funded hydro-electric dam, and their efforts to reclaim their lives.
- Opening Mexico: The Making of a Democracy
Julia Preston and Samuel Dillon discuss Mexico’s extraordinary democratic transformation.
- Sharing the Riches of the Earth: Democratizing Natural Resource-Led Development [Abstract]
Many developing countries are attempting to use their natural resource endowments as the basis for economic growth and development. But countries that depend heavily on resource extraction do poorly on a variety of economic indicators, including growth rates, education levels, and income inequality.
- How the Seed Was Planted
Alda Facio explains how women in Latin America put the issue of violence against women on the map.
- Impunity and Women's Rights in Ciudad Juárez
Lydia Alpízar explains how women’s organizations are responding to the systematic killings of women in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.
- From Ciudad Juárez to the World
Charlotte Bunch responds to Lydia Alpízar.
- The Constructive Role of Private Creditors [Full Text]
Policy-makers in Washington and other capitals of G-7 countries have been flogging the idea that the functioning of the world’s financial markets must be improved by making it easier for insolvent governments to obtain debt relief.
- Winning the Water War
Olivera and Viaña recount how Bolivians mobilized a successful campaign to overturn the government’s decision to privatize their local water system.
- Cooperation and Conflict
Acknowledging that the international anti-sweatshop movement has been effective in achieving higher labor standards for workers in the South, Carolina Quinteros contends that transnational alliances are a mixed bag for activists working at the local level.
- Prioritizing Rights
Argentina Santacruz and Juana Sotomayor illustrate the different ways that their organization is attempting to hold the Ecuadorian government accountable for undermining economic and social rights by devoting much of the country’s resources to debt repayment.
- Monitoring International Financial Institutions: An Interview with Flavia Barros
In an interview with Dialogue, Flavia Barros discusses her work with the network of social organizations in Brazil that has been monitoring projects funded by international financial institutions.
- "Firm Hand, Large Heart"
According to Adam Isacson, the tough new leader of Colombia has the support of a war-weary population, making human rights work in the region more challenging, and more critical, than ever. Jorge Rojas responds.
- The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity
Christian influence on world events is less likely to originate in the United States or Europe than in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, where a version of Pentecostalism has been spreading, says Philip Jenkins.
- Transforming Practice through Activism
In the systematic promotion and defense of a person's right to adequate health care, Chilean activists have a multitude of opportunities both to require health care institutions to carry out their promises and to identify what new commitments can and should be made.
- Using Indicators to Guide Advocates
Oil production in the Ecuadorian Amazon made people sick, and there emerged the Frente de Defensa de la Amazonia, a coalition of 300 indigenous and environmental groups, and "colono" communities to generate public pressure against the government's oil policies.
- Impact and Repercussions: U.S. Military Aid to Colombia
The current war in Colombia has been raging for at least four decades, but civil conflict has been present in Colombia at least since the time of colonization. Economic inequalities, political marginalization, a lack of a viable national development model, and the absence of the rule of law are some of the key underlying causes that have led to the now seemingly uncontrollable violence that has engulfed this country at the northern tip of South America.
- A Template for Ground-Up Workable Codes
As Northern labor, religious, and nongovernmental organizations press apparel retailers and manufacturers for stronger codes of conduct and transparent verification systems, in Latin America and Asia the discussion focuses on both the strengths and limitations of such codes.
- A Labor Viewpoint on Workplace Codes of Conduct
The plight of banana workers highlights the need for new international trade union action: the code of conduct campaign to fight the brutal consequences of unregulated corporate hegemony. The right to form unions is not just one of many codes needed: It is the primary one.
- Basic Christian Communities: Reaching Women in Brazil's Popular Sectors
The Basic Christian Communities (CEBs) provide a space for discussion of patriarchy and other social justice concerns. They have helped women to reflect upon their own understandings of themselves and to bond in common cause, inspiring them to make human rights ideals a reality.
- The Meaning of a Legal Victory in the Ecuadorian Amazon
Tamara Jezic and Chris Jochnickv try to find the meaning of a legal victory in the case of Arco Oriente and towns of Shuar and Achuar in terms of expliotation of oil, and wheter it was effective or not.
- Crime: A Latin American Challenge for Human Rights
Carlos Basombrío writes on the the issue of crime in Latin America. Crime presents human rights advocates with challenges that must be resolved if Latin American countries are to build legitimacy for human rights principles.
- Latin American Amnesties in Comparative Perspective: Can the Past Be Buried? [Abstract]
Throughout Latin America during the past 15 years, new democratic or postwar governments have faced demands for transitional justice following the end of authoritarian rule or the conclusion of internal armed conflicts.
- Chile's Innovations in Social Welfare: Principles and Policies
Chile has been converted into a prototype of policy experimentation in social welfare, not only because of the "revolutionary" character of many of its reforms, but also because of the early and growing internationalization of intellectual and political elites and policy paradigms.
- Humanitarian Intervention: An Overview of the Ethical Issues [Abstract]
The capacity to focus on the issues of humanitarian intervention signals the maturation of the field of ethics and international affairs.
- The Politics of Privatization in Argentina
The process of privatization provides the tool most needed to keep both the economy and politics working: it provides confidence and trust from the people--and privatization equals accountablilty.
- Debt and Wrong-Way Resource Flows in Costa Rica [Abstract]
External debt, poverty, and the use of natural resources are inextricably linked. Annis argues that the direction in which a country's economic resources are transferred—from poor to rich, or rich to poor—also sets the pattern for the flow of natural resources.
- Polarization and Legitimacy in Latin America [Abstract]
Sigmund examines aspects of democratic transformation in Latin America, emphasizing that these transitions occurred despite the absence of the accepted cultural and economic preconditions for democracy.
- FDR's Good Neighbor Policy Revisited
Mexican diplomat Francisco Cuevas-Cancino pays tribute to President Roosevelt for pursuing a Latin American policy that was based on moral principles while at the same time serving the interests of the American nation. He regrets the loss of the Good Neighbor approach in more recent U.S. dealings with Latin America, citing the invasion of Grenada as a prime example.
- Carlos Fuentes on Politics, Language, and Literature
Carlos Fuentes, Mexico's former ambassador to France and famed novelist, short story writer, and essayist, spent the 1979-80 academic year teaching at Princeton. In this wide-ranging conversation at the University of Notre Dame, he discusses "El boom" generation of Latin American writers, politics, education, and more.
- Confronting Revolution in Nicaragua: U.S. and Canadian Responses (Case Study #7)
From 1977 to 1989, the period of the Carter and Reagan administrations, Canada did not support the U.S.-backed Contra rebels; their policy rested on differing views about human rights and their place in foreign policy.
- Covert Action in Chile, 1970-1973 (Case Study #3)
This case examines ethical questions about U.S. decisions to intervene secretly in the politics of Chile from the period before the 1970 presidential elections to the military coup that overthrew and killed President Allende in 1973.
- Ethics and Intervention: The U.S. in Grenada, 1983 (Case Study #2)
This case study considers the non-intervention principle with respect to Grenada and raises questions about the ethical issues at the heart of efforts to justify or place limits on armed intervention.
- Rising Fences: Migrants, Borders, and a New Frontier for Ethics
"What will 2015 be remembered for? The image that comes to mind is 'rising fences.' If we took a satellite photo of the planet, that would be the story; fences going up everywhere. The wars and political chaos of the past year created a massive wave of truly desperate people. The wave is global in scale. Europe has borne the brunt. But the United States, Canada, Australia and many other nations are not immune."
- Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 31.2 (Summer 2017)
This issue contains a special section on legitimate authority, war, and the ethics of rebellion, with contributions from Christopher J. Finlay, Jonathan Parry, and Pål Wrange; essays by Yvonne Terlingen on reforming the UN secretary-general selection process and by Celia Medrano on de facto refugees in the Northern Triangle of Central America; a feature by Lior Erez on motivating soldiers to fight in cosmopolitan wars; a review essay on international security norms by Denise Garcia; and book reviews by Don Scheid and Jochen Prantl.
- Democratic Dilemmas in the U.S. War on Drugs in Latin America (Case Study #21)
This case study highlights the dilemmas for democracy posed by U.S. drug control policy and the role of international supply reduction, tracking the evolution of U.S. programs launched during and after the Andean Initiative.