- Virtual Reality for Social Good, with Jeremy Bailenson
In this fascinating conversation, Jeremy Bailenson, director of Stanford University's Virtual Human Interaction Lab, describes how virtual reality (VR) can be used as a force for good. By immersing people in experiences they wouldn't otherwise have, such as the disastrous effects of climate change or the struggles of refugees, people can be galvanized to tackle problems that previously seemed remote and abstract.
- Munich Security Conference: Mixed Messages on American Values, Engagement
The United States sent mixed signals at the 2018 Munich Security Conference. On the one hand, a bipartisan group of officials stressed continuity and legislative oversight when it comes to American foreign policy. But on the other, while not in attendance, President Trump undermined this message with tweets and comments signalling a more transactional approach.
- "Modern Slavery" with Siddharth Kara
In his third book on slavery, which took 16 years of research, Siddharth Kara calculates that there are roughly 31 million slaves worldwide, at least half of them in South Asia. We need to apply much more resources and compassion to end "this horrible indignity."
- Carnegie Council Appoints Nikolas K. Gvosdev as Senior Fellow, U.S. Global Engagement Program
At Carnegie Council, Dr. Gvosdev will be focusing on American disengagement from global affairs in the Trump era. His work will advance discussion on one of the most pressing questions for U.S. foreign policy today: To what extent does the present international order rely on active and sustained U.S. engagement and support to function?
- Winners of Carnegie Council's 2017 International Student Photo Contest on Climate Change
Carnegie Council is delighted to announce the winners of its fifth annual International Student Photography Contest. The topic was Climate Change. We asked for photos that show examples of climate change OR examples of combating or adapting to climate change. The winners come from Beijing and Pennsylvania, with an honorable mention from Hong Kong.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2018 with Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer
Probably the most dangerous geopolitical environment in decades-China, AI, Trump, end of Pax Americana--yes, it's very bad. But all these challenges energize political scientist Ian Bremmer to do his best work! Don't miss this great talk.
- A Climate of Impunity? The Problem of Sexual Abuse by UN Peacekeeping Forces, with Justice Marie Deschamps
Over two years after the release of a report on sexual exploitation and abuse by international peacekeeping forces in the Central African Republic, chaired by Marie Deschamps, has anything changed? Not much, says Deschamps in this shocking interview. The report's recommendations have not been implemented and there is still a "climate of impunity" for abusers, even though the first allegations against UN forces date back to the 1980s.
- Climate Change Might Give Your Grandfather a Heart Attack: Changing Public Perception to Drive Action
"Climate change" is often framed as something that will occur in a distant time and place. But, as Mikaela Bradbury writes, it is already affecting our health, particularly among the elderly, and our choices as consumers. Are there more productive ways to discuss this issue?
- Banning Nuclear Weapons with 2017 Nobel Peace Prize Winner ICAN
Did you know that 122 countries have adopted a treaty to ban nuclear weapons? The organization behind this movement is the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). In this spirited and informative discussion, Ray Acheson and Beatrice Fihn of ICAN take apart the nuclear deterrence myth, expecially in the case of North Korea, and the belief that nukes are "special" and therefore exempt from the ban on targeting civilians.
- Rescue: Refugees and the Political Crisis of Our Time, with David Miliband
Today there are 65 million people who have fled their homes because of conflict or persecution, says the International Rescue Committee's David Miliband. These are refugees not economic migrants, and half of them are children. It's a long-term crisis that will last our lifetimes. Why should we care? And what can we do about it, both at a policy level and as individuals?
- Plutopia: Nuclear Families in Atomic Cities, with Kate Brown
Chernobyl is considered the greatest nuclear disaster of all time. But over decades America's Hanford plant and Russia's Mayak plant each issued almost four times the amount of radiation as Chernobyl. Historian Kate Brown explains that in the closed atomic cities serving these plutonium plants, "residents gave up their civil and biological rights for consumer rights." How does today's America mirror these segregated plutopias?
- Call for Papers, "Ethics & International Affairs" Journal
Ethics & International Affairs, the quarterly peer-reviewed publication of the Carnegie Council, is pleased to invite submissions for upcoming issues. The editors are particularly interested in articles for peer review that address the following broad topics: emerging technologies; issues of gender; and global health.
- Miranda Massie on the Impacts of Climate Change and New York's Climate Museum
Hurricane Sandy was the catalyst that impelled Miranda Massie to quit her job as a civil rights lawyer and found the Climate Museum. "I think that climate change is THE equality and THE civil rights issue of the 21st century," she says. Why open this museum in New York and what does it hope to accomplish? Find out more in this interview that covers not only the multi-faceted impacts of climate change, but also what we can do about it.
- Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative (C2G2) Launches New Website
Carnegie Council announces the launch of a new website for its Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative, known as C2G2. While the website will do its best to represent a multiplicity of views, consensus on this contentious topic will be difficult to achieve. Hopefully there is one issue everyone will agree on: if ever geoengineering technologies are to be applied, they will need to be governed.
- Fake News and Google with Daniel Sieberg
How much of a threat is fake news to the average citizen? What is Google doing to counteract its spread? Learn more with this conversation with Daniel Sieberg, co-founder of Google News Lab. Launched about three years ago, the News Lab is a small team of Google employees who collaborate with journalists and entrepreneurs around the world to use technology to strengthen digital storytelling and produce more in-depth reporting.
- After Liberal Hegemony: The Advent of a Multiplex World Order with Amitav Acharya
The liberal order was never truly a global order, and we're not entering a multipolar era either, says Amitav Acharya. It's more accurate to call it a decentered, "multiplex" world, one where there are multiple consequential actors and complex global interdependence. Such a world is an unprecedented phenomenon and globalization will surely change. But it won't necessarily be a period of instability.
- The Evolution of Corporate Ethics: A Strategic Case for Profit Maximization through Responsible Behavior
"We are now transitioning from a world where philanthropic social contributions, i.e., Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), influenced behavior, to one where authentic Positive Impact drives behavior," write Ben Ersing and Robert Matus of Palladium International. Change is always difficult, both for individuals and corporations, but there are a handful of visionary leaders showing the way.
- Carnegie Council Fellows Respond: Making Ethics Matter, 2017
Carnegie Council has pledged to be a counter-force to the corrosive tone that frequently dominates the news; to focus on the ethical principles at stake; and to set an example by demonstrating fact-based, civil dialogue. Carnegie Council Fellows respond with their perspectives on the troubling and divisive issues we face today.
- From the White House to the World: Food, Health, and Climate Change, with Chef Sam Kass
Entrepreneur Sam Kass talks about his experiences as chef and senior policy nutrition advisor in the White House, including titbits about the Obamas, initiatives to improve schoolchildren's health, and the lunch he served to world leaders made up of food waste. (Pass the "landfill salad"!) He also discusses the links between climate change and food, healthy eating, and hunger in the U.S. and abroad.
- The Risks and Rewards of Big Data, Algorithms, and Machine Learning, with danah boyd
How do we analyze vast swaths of data and who decides what to collect? For example, big data may help us cure cancer, but the choice of data collected for police work or hiring may have built-in biases, explains danah boyd. "All the technology is trying to do is say, 'What can we find of good qualities in the past and try to amplify them in the future?' It's always trying to amplify the past. So when the past is flawed, it will amplify that."
- Ninth Season of Carnegie Council's Weekly TV Show "Global Ethics Forum" Begins September 8
Carnegie Council's acclaimed weekly TV show, Global Ethics Forum, begins its ninth season on September 8, 2017. Watch it on PBS stations across the United States: Check MHz Networks for local listings. CUNY TV airs in New York City. Or watch it on Carnegie Council's YouTube page, where previous seasons are also available.
- The Driver in the Driverless Car with Vivek Wadhwa
What are the social and ethical implications of new technologies such as widespread automation and gene editing? These innovations are no longer in the realm of science fiction, says entrepreneur and technology writer Vivek Wadhwa. They are coming closer and closer. We need to educate people about them and then come together and and have probing and honest discussions on what is good and what is bad.
- Making Ethics Matter in 2017
"Ethics will be found in people of good will who believe in constructive responses to hard policy challenges. Ethics will be demonstrated by those who are willing to take a stand in defense of the core values of pluralism, rights, and fairness. Ethics will be invigorated by dialogue based on empirical knowledge, mutual respect, and equal regard for others. Carnegie Council will always be a home for these people and their voices."
- Back to School! Carnegie Council Expands its Online Education Section
Check out our Education Section, which provides materials for both high school and college classrooms. It includes short videos, worksheets, lesson plan ideas, international contests, and primary sources. We've added 15 new worksheets especially designed for educators, all of which are in .doc format for easy modifications.
- International Student Photo Contest, 2017: Climate Change
This year's topic is climate change: Send us your photos that show examples of climate change OR examples of combating or adapting to climate change. All students of every nationality are eligible. Non-students will be disqualified. The minimum age is 13. Deadline: December 31, 2017.
- International Student/Teacher Essay Contest, 2017: The World's Greatest Ethical Challenge
Essay topic: In your opinion, what is the world's greatest challenge, and how does it affect your local community and/or the world? What are the ethical issues involved and how can we work together to overcome this problem? Contest open to teachers and students anywhere in the world, deadline December 31, 2017.
- Pankaj Ghemawat on Global Strategy in the Age of Brexit and Trump
How should companies strategize in the age of "Brump" (shorthand for Brexit and Trump)? Should they think locally rather than globally? Are trade wars inevitable, and if so, how will they affect countries large and small? Don't miss this analysis from economist Pankaj Ghemawat.
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Podcasts for the 2016-17 Program Year
Carnegie Council presents the top 10 most downloaded podcasts from our program year, July 2016-June 2017. Topics include Japan and the Philippines; the potential effects of new technologies; and the troubled state of U.S. and global politics.
- The Earth Institute's Steven Cohen Offers Hope for a Sustainable Future
"I still believe that we're heading toward a renewable resource-based economy. I think that it's inevitable," declares Steven Cohen. How will we get there? A combination of market forces as renewables become cheaper, better technology, and the sharing economy.
- Tom Nichols on the Death of Expertise
Across the world today, there is active hostility towards experts, says Tom Nichols of the U.S. Naval War College, and this is a very dangerous trend. Donald Trump didn't create this, but he certainly weaponized it politically, just as Brexiteers did in the UK.
- Humanitarians Hope for ‘Risk Management Framework’ on Geoengineering – a Carnegie Discussion
"The potential impacts of geoengineering remain so uncertain as to be quite unknown; what seems clear is that in a geoengineered future there would be winners and losers, and we must do all we can to make sure vulnerable people are not disproportionately represented among the latter."
- Soldiers and Civilization: How the Profession of Arms Thought and Fought the Modern World into Existence
The soldier "is at once the most and the least civilized of persons," says Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Reed Bonadonna. In this thoughtful conversation, he discusses his new book; military ethics through the ages; and the relationship between the army, the state, and the culture at large, both past and present.
- Yvonne Terlingen on the UN Secretary-General Selection Process
Until very recently, the United Nations selected its secretary-general entirely behind closed doors. Yvonne Terlingen, of the 1 for 7 Billion Find the Best UN Leader campaign, explains how the system has been made much more transparent and democratic: for example, candidates' names and resumes are promptly made available, women are encouraged to apply, and there is even some civil society participation in the process.
- Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans
"Oceans dominate the world," says Admiral Stavridis. After all, 70 percent of the globe is covered by water. In this masterly overview of the seven seas, he touches on the maritime battles that changed history; current geopolitics from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean; and the fact that environmentally, the oceans are "the largest crime scene in the world."
- The U.S. Navy's View on Security in Asia and Beyond
Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart talks with Admiral John Richardson, the U.S. Navy's most senior-ranking officer. Topics include strategy; the security challenges the Navy faces today, focusing particularly on the Pacific; and the need for a bigger Navy. Admiral Richardson also discusses the Navy's core values: honor, courage and commitment.
- A Briefing and Discussion on Solar Geoengineering: Science, Ethics, and Governance
In response to stakeholder requests, the Forum on Climate Engineering Assessment (FCEA) and the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative (C2G2) jointly convened this webinar to present an overview of the current state of research and understanding around key issues pertaining to proposed solar geoengineering technologies, in the context of global climate policy. The goal is to enable increased engagement by stakeholders from all interested sectors in the rapidly evolving global conversation about if, and how to conduct research and consider possible deployment of solar geoengineering technologies.
- Crisis of the Liberal Order
What explains the global resurgence of populism and the rise of political actors on the right? And what are the effects on longstanding alliances, international institutions, and accepted norms? Don't miss this lively conversation with Leon Botstein, president of Bard College, and international affairs expert Walter Russell Mead.
- The Coming War with China? The Ethics of Confrontation in the Pacific
Are the United States and China on the brink of war? Can the two nations avoid miscalculation and instead find common ground? Find out what this expert panel has to say.
- A Conversation on Statelessness with Kristy A. Belton
There are over 10 million stateless people around the world, says researcher Kristy A. Belton, with, often, limited access to banking, education, health care, and countless other services. What does this situation look like in the Dominican Republic and Haiti? How can civil society and the world's "citizens" help to address this problem?
- Easternization: Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond
"Financial Times" chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman says, "We've reached the point where the West's grip on world affairs begins to loosen." China's economic rise is, indeed, a big reason for this shift, but how do Brexit, Crimea, and "red lines" fit into the story? What will be the effect on Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa?
- Megatech: Technology in 2050
In this insightful interview, "Economist" executive editor Daniel Franklin discusses driverless cars, gene-editing, artificial intelligence, and much more. Are we entering an "accelerando" stage of technological change? And what are the ethical implications?
- Protestants: The Faith that Made the Modern World
Understanding Protestantism is fundamental to understanding the modern world, says Professor Alec Ryrie. It has shaped democratic liberalism, capitalism, limited government, the notion of free inquiry, and continues to gain converts all over the world. How did this all blossom from Martin Luther's "Ninety-five Theses" 500 years ago?
- The Gene Machine: How Genetic Technologies are Changing the Way We Have Kids—and the Kids We Have
Scientists already have the ability to edit genes to treat hereditary diseases, and to screen in vitro embyros for such diseases. Where will these evolving technologies lead and what are the ethical issues involved? For example, will "designer babies" increase the already growing divide between rich and poor? How do we regulate this new frontier?
- Orville Schell on China's Role in the World
Orville Schell has been reporting on China since 1970. In this wide-ranging and insightful conversation he looks at China and the U.S. exit from TPP; North Korea; the South China Sea; China's values system (or lack of one); human rights; climate change; and more.
- Just Out: "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2017 Issue
The topics in this issue include human rights, statelessness, refugee camps, immigration ethics, and a section on the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the refugee protection regime.
- Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 31.1 (Spring 2017)
This issue includes essays by Michael Ignatieff on human rights and the ordinary virtues; Kristy A. Belton on the prospect of ending statelessness in the Americas, the second of a two-part series; and Carmen Gómez Martín on the problematic nature of refugee camps as de facto long-term solutions. It also contains two features, one by Dan Bulley and the other by Alise Coen, presenting differing views on the relationship between the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the refugee protection regime, with a brief introduction by Jason Ralph and James Souter; a review essay on immigration ethics by Linda Bosniak; and book reviews by Andrew Altman, Andrew Hurrell, and William Gochberg.
- A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order
Concerned about where the world is heading? Don't miss this measured and comprehensive overview from Richard Haas, in which he lays out the global situation facing President Trump and what may lie ahead. Topics include the Middle East, Europe, Asia, Russia, NATO, the UN, and the main factor behind job losses.
- Cultural Relations and their Effects on Politics and Economics
J. P. Singh describes himself as working at the intersection of culture and political economy, examining how ways of life and their symbolic representations bleed over into politics and economics. This discussion ranges from cultural politics in the U.S. and the UK, to Singh's book "Sweet Talk" on post-colonialism paternalism in trade deals, and more.
- Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow
Soon, humankind may be able to replace natural selection with intelligent design and to create the first inorganic lifeforms, says Yuval Noah Harari. If so, this will be the greatest revolution since life began. But what are the dangers, and are they avoidable?
- Winners of the 2016 International Student/Teacher Essay Contest on Nationalism
Carnegie Council is delighted to announce the winners of its 2016 International Student/Teacher Essay Contest. Essay topic: Is nationalism an asset or hindrance in today's globalized world? The winners came from Canada, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Russia, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
- Is Nationalism an Asset or a Hindrance in Today's Globalized World?
"Nationalism is a hindrance to the world as a whole, slowing down globalization and driving the world apart. A system of organization must suit all 7 billion people, not the privileged few: we must move away from nationalism."
- Nationalism: A Reason for Optimism
"In the end, there is something that we ought to take from the example of Korean nationalism. Nationalism can indeed exist along with globalization, without causing a hindrance."
- The Bane of Nations: Nationalism in the Modern World
"Today, a European Pole might rub shoulders with an Iraqi while walking in the streets of Shanghai, and in Los Angeles an Ecuadorian store owner might sell shirts to a Ghanaian customer. The traditional notion of nationalism simply cannot exist in this multicultural amalgamation."
- Coexistence in the World of Nations
"Why don't we then just write off nationalism as an unacceptable element from the past (similar to racism and imperialism)? There are two main reasons. First of them is that in certain circumstances nationalism might have cohesive power in a society. It can be used to boast certain positive trends. Secondly, nationalism is a resilient and adaptable enemy."
- Nationalisms: Constructive and Destructive
The goal of peace in the 21st century is likely to be advanced far less by grand projects aimed at nationalism's demise and more at the hard, practical work of revising nationalist feelings to maximize their constructive potentials.
- Launch of Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative
C2G2 serves a vital purpose: connecting and mobilizing actors from many sectors of society to look at the very real possibilities of engineering the climate--a prospect which offers great potential but also great peril. This discussion tackles geoengineering from different perspectives, including those of scientists, the Red Cross, and Greenpeace.
- Stoking the Flames of Competitiveness on an Overheating Planet
"Although consumer responsibility and global collaboration in an endeavor to reverse global warming trends are laudable, it is important to recognize the risks these steps pose on global trade, the citizens of developing countries, and the debt developed nations have as beneficiaries of the first fruits of fossil fuels."
- Data for the People: How to Make our Post-Privacy Economy Work for You
"I want people to be empowered by the data they create and not to be stifled by the data they create," says Andreas Weigend, one of the world's top experts on the future of big data, social mobile technologies, and consumer behavior. Learn more about this important issue, which affects us all.
- A Conversation with Robert Quinn on Scholars at Risk
Scholars at Risk provides temporary teaching positions and advisory services to hundreds of threatened scholars around the world. Quinn describes how its caseload has doubled recently, largely because of Syria and Turkey. He also discusses challenges for U.S. colleges, from fake news, to Trump's immigration policies, to free speech on campuses.
- The Global Phenomenon of #GivingTuesday
Jessica Schneider, of the Belfer Center for Innovation and Social Impact at the 92nd Street Y in New York City, explains how and her team were responsible for spawning the global phenomenon of #GivingTuesday. Created in response to the annual shopping frenzy of "Cyber Monday," this day of charitable giving has been a success right from the start.
- Shalini Kantayya: The Intersection of Ethics, the Environment, & Economics
"I think we as a movement have not done a good job of making climate change a kitchen-table issue, of making this an economic issue for working families, and that is what it is. This is about taking money from the 1 percent and putting it in the hands of the many," says filmmaker Shalini Kantayya.
- Carnegie Council and the New Administration
Other organizations will no doubt focus on analyses of leadership style, rhetoric, and political conflict. At Carnegie Council, we will focus on the ethical principles at stake in the actual policies of the new administration--specifically its foreign policy. We are following three policy areas closely: alliances, climate, and free speech.
- Winners of the 2016 International Student Photo Contest on Urbanization
Carnegie Council congratulates the winners of its annual International Student Photo Contest. The topic was cities/urbanization. What are the pros and cons? Who gains and who loses? The winning photos are by students from the United States, Canada, and Romania.
- Virtual Citizenship for Refugees: A Proposal
At last, a practical, humane, and cost-effective proposal to help cope with the nearly 20 million refugees and asylum seekers worldwide, from philosophers Christian Barry and Philip Gerrans.
- Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist's Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations
From massive leaps in technology to ever-increasing globalization to the acceleration of climate change, workplace, politics, geopolitics, and ethics are all going through tectonic shifts. Why is this happening? Why was 2007 such a turning point and what's next? Thomas Friedman makes sense of it all, and offers hope going forward.
- Process or End Goal: When to Begin Genocide Prevention
"This discussion ultimately will help the public to understand that preventative actions need to take place if violence is to be thwarted. We can't wait until we are in the midst of a war to resolve conflict."
- The Ethics of Climate Change Activism: Fear vs. Reality
"The time has come to act on climate because we can no longer afford not to. We know what consequences are in store for us if we continue on our current trajectory."
- Women's Rights are Human Rights: Global Challenges to Reproductive Health
How will the Trump presidency affect women's rights, not only in the U.S. but around the world? Will the Sustainable Development Goals really succeed in improving women's health and reducing gender inequalities? Emotions run high on these issues. How can we find common ground? Don't miss this important discussion.
- GroundTruth's Charles Sennott on the Future of Journalism
Despite all the challenges, right now is one of the most exciting moments for a new generation to redefine journalism, says Charles Sennott. The core goals of great journalism will never change--being there on the ground, giving voice to the voiceless--but the way we can push stories out through social media is extraordinary.
- Foreign Fighters, Homegrown Terrorism, and the Prevention of Violent Extremism
What are the driving forces behind the increase in homegrown terrorism and what can be done to stop it? Ali Soufan and Seamus Hughes, veterans in preventing violent extremism, explain the complexities and challenges of this global threat.
- The Ethics and Governance of Geoengineering
The definition of geoengineering is "large-scale human intervention with the Earth in order to change the climate," says Janos Pasztor, and to manage the world's climate responsibly, we may have to consider deploying it someday. If we do, the most important issue will be governance: How do you decide how far to go? When do you start? When do you stop?
- The Question Is: Can the UN Survive the Trump Era?
The United Nations will swear in António Guterres as its ninth secretary-general on December 12, when the organization will be only weeks away from the inauguration of Donald Trump and the potentially most threatening, hostile political opposition to the UN ever assembled in Washington, DC.
- Solidarity in Dark Times: Why the World Must Fight for Collective Human Rights Now
"It is time for the world to move away from liberal and neoliberal-centric understandings of human rights that underline the importance of the individual, and recognize instead the importance of emphasizing a collective human rights regime. Such recognition may be the only solution to our present malaise and the path toward an improved global solidarity."
- Donald Trump. . . . . Commander-in-Chief
Donald Trump is now president-elect. Despite the bitter opposition that occurred throughout the campaign, all Americans should want him to be successful. This is particularly true for his most important role as commander-in-chief, as he must deal with a variety of significant threats.
- A Conversation on Climate Change & Forced Displacement with David Sussman
Conflict and war are often talked about as main drivers of forced displacement, but researcher David Sussman also points to climate change and consumerism as major factors. How is this playing out in Latin America and the Pacific islands? And, in regards to these issues, what can we expect from the Trump administration?
- Calling Students & Teachers:
Essay & Photo Contests
Carnegie Council is pleased to announce its two annual international contests: an essay contest for teachers and students on nationalism, and a photo contest for students on cities/urbanization. Whether you choose to express yourself in words or in photos, we're looking for thoughtfulness, originality, and vision.
- Honoring Those who Served:
Veterans Day 2016
For this Veterans Day, we present a collection of resources recognizing the tireless and often thankless work of the U.S. military. There are legitimate arguments about ethics and policies when it comes to war, but nobody can deny the commitment and patriotism of the men and women who serve and the debt that is owed to them when their service is over.
- What is Populism?
There's a wave of populist leaders around the world right now, from Erdoğan to Trump. What defines a populist exactly, and why are they so dangerous? Learn more in this most timely interview.
- Briefing Paper on Climate Engineering
Climate engineering is defined as large-scale, deliberate intervention in the Earth system to counteract climate change. Two major sets of techniques are usually included: those that could remove significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and those that might offset the amount of incoming solar radiation in order to cool the planet.
- Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World
In today's connected world--a "cosmopolis" dominated by the "four superpowers" Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon--what we need is to have more but also better free speech, declares Garton Ash. The West, particularly the U.S., should strive to promote global free speech, and we must foster a "robust civility" despite our differences.
- The Will to Lead: America's Indispensable Role in the Global Fight for Freedom
"The world is on fire," says Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former secretary general of NATO and former prime minister of Denmark. He goes on to make a strong case for the U.S. to be world policeman to restore international law and order: "I don't see any capable, reliable, and desirable candidate for that function other than the United States."
- The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence
From driverless cars to lethal autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence will soon confront societies with new and complex ethical challenges. What's more, by 2034, 47 percent of U.S. jobs, 69 percent of Chinese jobs, and 75 percent of Indian jobs could all be done by machines. How should societies cope and what role should global governance play?
- Measuring Positive and Negative Peace with the Global Peace Index
If you're running a business you need metrics to succeed, and it's the same with peace, says Steve Killelea, founder of the Global Peace Index. The Index provides empirical ways to measure both "negative peace"--the absence of violence and fear of violence--and "positive peace"-- attitudes, institutions, and structures which create and sustain peace.
- The UN's Peter Sutherland on the Migrant Crisis
In the run-up to the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Joanne Myers talks with Peter Sutherland about the challenges of implementing the 1951 Refugee Convention, which states that the obligation to provide for refugees is not simply an obligation for countries in proximity to the refugees. It's a global responsibility that should be shared.
- Robert Kaplan on the Underlying Forces that Drive our "Post-Modern" World
"To understand the events of the next 50 years, then, one must understand environmental scarcity, cultural and racial clash, geographic destiny, and the transformation of war." Robert Kaplan wrote these prescient words back in 1994. In this fascinating discussion, he analyses how his predictions are playing out and where we are headed.
- International Student Photo Contest, 2016: Cities/Urbanization
Across the world, there is an ongoing mass migration from the countryside to the cities. Please submit photos that depict urbanization and city life, showing either the advantages or the drawbacks. All students of every nationality are eligible. Non-students will be disqualified. The minimum age is 13.
- The Conscious Consumer
Part one of this three-part series on conscious capitalism examines the role of the conscious consumer. In this episode, hear the story of a victim of capitalism at its worst--and how one shopper is helping him tell his story. We also explore if and how consumers can use purchasing power to influence corporations' behavior.
- International Student/Teacher Essay Contest, 2016: Nationalism
Is nationalism an asset or hindrance in today's globalized world? Nationalism as used here is a broad term and can be viewed in terms of patriotism, economic nationalism, national identity that holds a diverse country together, nativism, or any other logical way you think fit, as long as you define it clearly.
- Strangers in Strange Lands: Migration
In 2015, the number of international migrants worldwide—people residing in a country other than their country of birth—reached a record-breaking 244 million. And 65.3 million of these migrants were refugees, the largest number since World War II. We present a collection of useful resources on the ethical and practical challenges of migration.
- Top 10 Podcasts for the 2015-16 Carnegie Council Program Year
Topics for the top 10 podcasts span the globe, and include Chinese immigrants in New York, India's Constitution, U.S-Russian relations, the future of technology, the teachings of Buddha, and the intricacies of global tax avoidance. Quite a varied collection!
- A World History of Political Violence
Rachel Kleinfeld discusses with Devin Stewart her research--which took her to five continents over the past three years--and forthcoming book on how violence is perpetuated and curtailed in societies around the world. Kleinfeld discusses the role of political power, corruption, law enforcement, leadership, and grassroots movements.
- Carnegie Council Is Media Partner for New York Times Athens Democracy Forum, September 14-18, 2016
The New York Times Athens Democracy Forum brings together politicians, policy-makers, journalists, scholars, and experts from the fields of business, finance, and technology to explore the challenges to liberal democracy and ways to meet them. Friends and supporters of the Council receive a special discount. Learn more.
- The Needs of Refugee Women and Children in the Global Humanitarian Crisis
In this powerful talk, executive director Sarah Costa explains the work of the Women's Refugee Commission, and discusses the current crisis. The numbers are staggering: one in 122 people across the world have been forced to flee, and the majority are women and children. The average length of displacement is 20 years. What can be done to help?
- Time to Wake Up
"The story of our failure on climate change is a story of our failure to understand the truly manipulative and evil effects of money in politics," declares Senator Whitehouse. "It's being deployed right now. You undo Citizens United and we will have a bill in a month."
- Move Over, Black Swan: Here Comes the Gray Rhino
Black swans are unforeseeable, but gray rhinos are the looming threats right in front of our noses that we choose to ignore, says policy analyst Michele Wucker. Her top five rhinos right now are: the fragmentation of the EU; liquidity shocks in the financial markets; political instability in the U.S.; climate change; and the Middle East.
- The Next Pandemic: On the Front Lines Against Humankind's Gravest Dangers
In over 20 years at the CDC, Dr. Ali Khan battled Ebola, SARS, and other deadly diseases. But, as he reveals in this fascinating talk, what really worries him is the effect that political and social factors can have on fighting these outbreaks. With Zika emerging as the newest threat, what can governments--and individuals--do to be better prepared?
- Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism
ISIS consists of three interlocked threats and is quite different from al-Qaeda, says counterterrorism authority David Kilcullen. To come up with a workable strategy going forward, we have to understand exactly what went wrong in the years since 9/11 and admit that everyone bears part of the blame, from "reckless" Bush to "feckless" Obama.
- "Ethics & International Affairs" Celebrates its 30th Anniversary
As "Ethics & International Affairs" journal celebrates its 30th anniversary, it is more committed than ever to encouraging reflection, advancing scholarship, fostering respectful debate, and offering deep analysis of the values and ideals that animate global affairs.
- "The Assault on International Law" by Jens David Ohlin
Jens David Ohlin seeks to expose the shaky social scientific and philosophical foundations of what he calls "New Realism," which questions whether international law can ever compel or even guide states to act differently than according to what they perceive as their self-interest.
- Defining Down Sovereignty: The Rights and Responsibilities of Nations
The international community should spell out the kinds of failures to protect civilians that can justify armed interventions by other states, and should establish a responsibility to prevent international terrorism.
- Table of Contents, Volume 30.1 (Spring 2016)
This issue includes an essay by Amitai Etzioni on how to define national sovereignty through rights and responsibilities; a roundtable on the relationship between Hans Morgenthau and America, with contributions by Cornelia Navari, Felix Rösch, Hartmut Behr, Christoph Frei, Richard Ned Lebow, and Douglas B. Klusmeyer; features by Patti Tamara Lenard on revocation of citizenship in democracies and by Robert Sparrow on the case against autonomous weapons; a response by Helen Frowe to Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun's article on "jus ad vim" (EIA 27.1), with a rejoinder by Daniel Brunstetter; and book reviews by Robert Howse and Jeffrey Mankoff.
- Free for a Limited Time! "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2016 Issue
This issue includes: Amitai Etzioni on national sovereignty; a roundtable on the relationship between Hans Morgenthau and America; Patti Tamara Lenard on revocation of citizenship in democracies; Robert Sparrow on the case against autonomous weapons; an exchange between Helen Frowe and Daniel Brunstetter on "jus ad vim;" and book reviews.
- The Industries of the Future
Driverless cars, designer babies, crypto currencies, cyber warfare, pervasive "sousveillance" that erodes our privacy, often with our consent--what are the upsides and downsides of this brave new world? Alec Ross, who is neither a utopian nor a dystopian, expertly guides us through it.
- Carnegie Council Announces Global Ethics Day, October 19, 2016
It's the third annual Global Ethics Day! Why not use this day to hold an event exploring the role of ethics in international affairs? In the tradition of a "teach-in" model, these events will be run by each institution as it sees fit while being part of a worldwide Global Ethics Day. We hope you'll join us.
- Interview with Thomas Weiss on Change and Continuity in Global Governance
The term global governance grew up to describe the fact that there is an increasing number of civil society actors. Nevertheless, these new actors are not going to solve terrorism; they're not going to halt mass atrocities; they're not going to halt Ebola. States are still the main actors and they must be pushed and shoved by all the rest to take effective action.
- International Holocaust Memorial Day, January 27: What We Can Still Learn
Holocaust survivor Gene Klein: "On Holocaust Memorial Day we remember the suffering, death and destruction of the camps. This year I also ask you to make a human connection to today's refugees. When you see them on your television or in your community, try to walk in their shoes."
- Sidelined at the Summit: Indigenous Peoples Ignored in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement
It is no exaggeration to say that Indigenous Peoples are the frontline defenders in the fight against the forces perpetuating climate change. Yet despite lip-service about their importance, the richer, more powerful countries saw to it that Indigenous Peoples and their voices were largely unseen and unheard at the Paris Conference.
- The Unprecedented Jihadi Threat in Europe
"At this very moment, ISIS is recruiting probably 100 people a week from all over the world, including this very country. So it is not a European problem, it is not an Arab issue; it is a global threat and global challenge. That is why I insist on the fact that the threat has to be dealt with at the source, which is basically Syria."
- Competing Moral Claims over the Nuclear Power-Weapons Crossover
"Although the military–industry complex remains resilient, the only ultimate solution to nuclear danger and the best disaster prevention is a nuclear-free world in both military and civil terms."
- The Concept of Humane Democracy and a New Global Order
"Differing from liberal democracy whose political goal is rather negatively conceived in a sense of protecting individual rights, the concept of humane democracy is envisioned to promote humanity's higher and nobler ethical ideals such as building solidarity, upholding diversity, and enhancing the capabilities of all, beyond protecting individual rights."
- Carnegie Council President Joel H. Rosenthal Appointed Dorsett Fellow, Ethics Institute, Dartmouth College
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs is proud to announce that its president Joel H. Rosenthal has been appointed Dorsett Fellow 2016 by the Ethics Institute, Dartmouth College.
- Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
"Artificial intelligence" is a misnomer, says computer scientist Jerry Kaplan. Machines are not intelligent; their programmers are. What we're seeing is a huge acceleration of automation, which will eliminate all kinds of jobs and create all kinds of unimaginable new ones. This will create a great deal of wealth. But the question is who will get that wealth?
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016
Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Resources for 2015
Russia, human rights, energy, business ethics—these were among the most popular topics our varied audiences accessed this year. Check out the most popular podcasts and web resources from 2015.
- COP21: Six Things You Need to Know About Climate Change
It is no exaggeration to say that the outcomes of the Paris climate conference will determine the future of our planet. As world leaders gather for COP21 this December and try to agree on a global legally binding climate treaty, we offer you six great posts that will help you understand the implications of climate change.
- Carnegie Council Launches First Instagram Take-Over, "The World Through My Eyes," with Helen Osborne
For this exciting new project, talented photographers will "take over" the Council's Instagram account for a week out of every month. In the spirit of cultural exchange, the Council is partnering with photographers from around the world to share images from their work and life, highlighting aspects of our common humanity.
- Report: Conference on Cultural Rights, Copenhagen, Denmark, November 2015
Can cultural rights become a global discourse for supporting inclusive social and political development, and for fostering intercultural dialogue for the mutual understanding of cultures? And can cultural rights become a prime mover--an enabler and driver for development by providing a much-needed cultural legitimacy for human rights?
- Beyond Silicon Valley: Elmira Bayrasli on Innovation in Unlikely Places
Elmira Bayrasli, founder of "Foreign Policy Interrupted" and author of "Beyond Silicon Valley," is all about shattering stereotypes and bringing disregarded groups to the fore, from talented women who must be encouraged to "raise their hands" to the millions of successful entrepreneurs around the world that we never hear about.
- Secular Ethics: Old/New Shakyamuni, Dalai Lama
In this lively, learned, and funny talk, leading U.S. expert on Tibetan Buddhism Robert Thurman riffs off the Dalai Lama's secular ethics project, laying out the theory--and science--of karma and why it's important for all of us to learn to be more compassionate and other-directed. After all, it's a form of enlightened self-interest.
- Global Ethics Day: Feeding the Planet
There are roughly 2 billion people who are under-nourished and another 2 billion who are overweight or obese. In other words, about half the world's population is malnourished. How can we feed the world ethically, sustainably, and well? This panel provides some answers, from food aid to producing milk and meat in cell cultures.
- The Normative Terrain of the Global Refugee Regime
The issues of who, why, and how to protect refugees pose a series of normative challenges that can only be addressed by recognizing the dynamic nature of refugee protection today.
- Karenna Gore on Faith Communities and the Environment
Karenna Gore, daughter of Al Gore and director of the Center for Earth Ethics, discusses how faith communities (including indigenous peoples) are rallying to combat climate change; what she sees as a shift in consciousness in how we define success; and much more.
- Carnegie Council Announces the Publication of "Beyond Individualism: The Challenge of Inclusive Communities" by Senior Fellow George Rupp
In his latest book, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow George Rupp pushes modern individualism beyond its foundational beliefs to recognize the place of communal practice in our world.
- Democracy as Myth and Fact
"Do democracies have the capacity to adjust? Can they expand their ideas of national interest to tackle collective challenges? Can they function in ways that serve the weak as well as the strong? I am an optimist. But the results are not certain."
- INTERNATIONAL PEACE DAY, 2015
"We need to be aroused to our duty and banish war." Andrew Carnegie, 1914, on the founding of the Church Peace Union (now Carnegie Council). Continuing Carnegie's mission, the Council presents a selection of resources on the struggle for peace.
- International Student/Teacher Essay Contest, 2015: Goals for a Better World
Focusing on one of the following SDGs, propose specific measures for your country (or region or city) to reach the goal's objectives in the next 15 years: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls; OR take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts; OR make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.
- Seventy Years after Hiroshima: Nuclear Weapons, 2015
Seventy years after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear weapons remain one of the greatest dangers we face. What is the situation today, given that the world has an estimated 15,700 nuclear weapons? Carnegie Council presents a selection of resources on this crucial topic.
- A Conversation on Climate Change with Conservation International's M. Sanjayan
In late June, "Ethics & International Affairs" senior editor Zach Dorfman sat down with M. Sanjayan, senior scientist at Conservation International, at the Aspen Ideas Festival to discuss our climate-changed world, and why--on some days at least--he's hopeful about our environmental future.
- Top 10 Resources for the 2014-15 Carnegie Council Program Year
We hope you enjoy this list of audience favorites from our previous program year (July 2014–June 2015). The impressive array of vital ethical issues covered here gives you an idea of the scope of Carnegie Council's work. Topics include Russia's foreign policy, U.S. challenges both at home and abroad, digital piracy, online activism, and much more.
- Agenda for the Future: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
"Our planet is indivisible. There is no longer such a thing as a small, faraway country. No such thing as an acceptable level of discrimination, against any group." Don't miss this moving speech by UN High Commissioner Al Hussein, which covers all aspects of the universal principles of human rights, including the current refugee crisis.
- From Nuclear Deterrence to Disarmament: Evolving Catholic Perspectives
In this timely and important discussion on nuclear weapons, Des Browne provides the broader policy context; Archbishop Auza presents the Holy See's position over the last 70 years; Father Hehir connects the policy debate and the moral debate; and Professor Love connects the nuclear debate to the wider debate about peacebuilding.
- The UN's Efforts in International Development: Relevant or Not?
Which development initiatives really work? Drawing on his personal and professional experience, the UN's David Malone notes that experts' projects often fail and there are many paths to growth--take India and China, for example. The trend now is to move away from grand schemes. What's important are each group's social preferences.
- Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution
The Middle East needs a double revolution--not just a political one, but a social/sexual one as well, says fiery, courageous feminist Mona Eltahawy. It's time to destroy the oppressive patriarchy of "the trifecta:" the state, the street, and the home. But Arab women don't need "rescuing." Misogyny exists everywhere in varying degrees. Fight it at your own, local level.
- Towards Non-Western Histories in International Relations Textbooks
"Exceptionalism" and many other concepts didn't originate solely in the West, yet most international relations textbooks continue to focus on Western history when outlining the evolution of the international order. Francis Grice shows what a lopsided, misleading worldview this is, and suggests how to move towards providing truly global histories.
- Full Planet, Empty Plates
"We are in transition today from an age of surpluses to an age of scarcity," says Lester Brown. The reasons are manifold: population growth; climate change; water scarcity; a substantial part of the U.S. grain harvest being used for fuel; increased demands because of rising affluence; and a glass ceiling for crop yields.
- Rethinking the Prevention Mandate of Peace NGOs: An EastWest Route
How can peace NGOs be more effective, both at preventing conflict and maintaining peace? Greg Austin of the EastWest Institute looks at the record of the last two decades with special reference to the International Crisis Group and EastWest Institute. He analyzes NGOs' strengths and weaknesses, and proposes a way forward.
- American Energy Challenges and Global Leadership in the Years Ahead
Thanks to new technologies for extracting oil and natural gas, such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), the United States is now the biggest producer of energy in the world. What do plummeting energy prices mean for sellers and consumers around the world--and what will be the likely consequences for climate change?
- Carnegie Council Receives Grant from Carnegie Corporation of New York to Promote Ethics through Global Education
"As we enter our second century, this grant will help us build upon the accomplishments produced by Carnegie Corporation's prior support of the Council," said Joel Rosenthal. "In 2014, the Council reached nearly 50 million people across the globe. Our vision is to bring the best scholarship on ethics and international affairs directly to everyone worldwide, through their smartphones, laptops, and TVs."
- "The Endtimes of Human Rights" by Stephen Hopgood
Is the Human Rights "project" coming to an end? Hopgood believes it has sold its moral clarity for an alliance with interventionist liberal states.
- Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics
Medical tourism is big business, involving millions of patients who travel abroad to get health care. Some travel to avoid queues and save money. Others seek services that are illegal in their own country, such as abortions and surrogate pregnancies. As Cohen explains, this growing industry opens a Pandora's box of legal and ethical questions.
- Ebola and Other Viral Outbreaks: Providing Health Care to the Global Poor in Times of Crisis
Why were initial responses to the Ebola outbreak so disastrously inadequate? How can dysfunctional health systems--at all levels--be improved, so that this doesn't happen again? Dr. Klitzman of Columbia University and Dr. Karunakara, former international president of MSF, discuss these issues and more, including why doctors treating Ebola should not be called heroes.
- Global Ethics Day, October 16, 2015
We invite academic institutions around the world to use this day to hold events, such as lectures, film screenings, debates, panel discussions, or another educational activity to explore the idea of a "global ethic." In the tradition of a "teach-in" model, these events will be run by each institution as it sees fit while being part of a worldwide Global Ethics Day.
- Letter to 2114, a Century from Now
"At the beginning of our hundredth year, I wrote a letter to Andrew Carnegie, reporting on the progress of our Council and the prospects for the more peaceful world that he so fervently desired. Tonight I'd like to share with you a brief letter to the future. With any luck, maybe our successors will find it as they prepare for the council's bi-centennial in 2114."
- Flashpoints: The Emerging Crisis in Europe
"Europe has always been a place of conflict and malice and anger and hatred, between classes and between nations. The question now is, can it be contained? I doubt it very much. The period from 1992 to 2008 was an interregnum, and an unnatural one. Europe is returning to itself, and when Europe gets sick, the world gets sick with it."
- "Imagining a Better Future: Trust in Our Protectors" by Angela Yoon
"In order to rebuild peace in this century of discord, nations who have or are currently experiencing strife should pursue Security Sector Reform (SSR), with the support and assistance of the international community."
- "Peace" by Cadel Watson
"The chaotic nature of recent years should serve as an example of the dangers of allowing cultural hatred to dominate the decision making of the planet. There are concrete and implementable ideas that nations and the international community can use to create peace throughout the world."
- "Hopes for the Next Century: Religious Tolerance" by Kavya Deshpande
"It is vital that humanity seizes the 21st century to establish liberalism in the field of faith. There is still a long and arduous path ahead, but it is undeniable that religious tolerance will make the world a better place."
- "What's Needed Is the Emergence of a New Mind-Set" by Ademola Adekunbi
"We must each work to remove the labels that we have imbibed over the years. Black does not equal gangster; Muslim does not equal terrorist; and Nigerian does not equal scammer."
- "'Acta Non Verba' (Deeds Not Words)" by Joshua M. Asaro
"If we are to see growth in our society in the next hundred years, we have got to see an end to the days where words supplant deeds."
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015
"The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
- Top 20 Council Resources for 2014
Corporations, human rights, warfare, Edward Snowden—these were among the most popular topics our varied audiences accessed this year. Check out the most popular podcasts, web resources, journal articles, and TV programs from 2014.
- HUMAN RIGHTS DAY 2014
To mark Human Rights Day 2014, we present a selection of Carnegie Council resources from the past year. They include discussions of children's rights and the power of online activism, and a special Centennial Roundtable from our journal, "Ethics & International Affairs," on the future of human rights. This Roundtable is free online for a limited time.
- From "Indispensable Nation" to "Realism-Based Restraint": Reconsidering U.S. Engagement with the World
Former ambassador Chas Freeman has had a wide breadth of diplomatic experience, from the Middle East to Africa, East Asia, and Europe. In this conversation he eloquently speaks his mind on the negative effects of sanctions, the folly of U.S. unqualified support for Israel, the U.S. strategy and diplomacy deficits, and much more.
- Winners of the 2014 International Student Photo Contest, Fairness and Its Opposite
Carnegie Council congratulates the winners of the 2014 International Student Photo Contest, "Fairness and Its Opposite." The theme is deliberately very broad, and the judges were delighted to see the wide range of creative and thoughtful interpretations.
- A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
In this candid and thoughtful conversation, General Dempsey tackles the difficult questions, from ISIS to Ebola to cyber threats. And throughout, he stresses the importance of ethics, education, and service.
- Global Ethics and the Point of View of the Universe
Sidgwick's concept of looking at issues from "the point of view of the universe"--in other words, giving equal weight to everyone's interests, irrespective of who they are, now or in future--can be the basis for a global ethic, says utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer. He goes on to explain what this means for all of us in practical, concrete terms.
- Carnegie Council Announces Establishment of the Robert J. Myers Fellows Fund
In memory of former Carnegie Council president Robert Myers, the Myers Family has established the Robert J. Myers Fellows Fund to sponsor and promote activities of the Council's Global Ethics Fellows.
- Philip Alston on a World Court for Human Rights
"The reason why governments are violating human rights on a grand scale is not because there is an absence of a world court," says Philip Alston. "The reason is that human rights culture has not taken off sufficiently in a great many countries." Instead, what's needed is first to develop regional mechanisms and then subsequently, regional courts.
- Free for a Limited Time! New E-Book Publication, "Ethics for a Connected World: The Carnegie Council Centennial Roundtables"
This publication is a special collection of seven roundtables in honor of the Carnegie Council Centennial. They explore the concept of a global ethic; the ideal of peace; the justness of war; the nuclear threat; the international rule of law; the future of human rights; and the challenges of climate change.
- If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities
In the face of the most perilous challenges of our time, from terrorism to climate change, nation-states seem paralyzed. Can cities and the mayors who run them do a better job? The answer is yes, says Benjamin Barber, and in fact they are already doing it.
- The Shifts and the Shocks: What We've Learned--and Have Still to Learn--From the Financial Crisis
Why did the 2008 financial crisis occur? What should it teach us about modern economies and economics? Martin Wolf does a masterly job of untangling this complex catastrophe and proposes how we can avoid repeating our past mistakes.
- Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy
What are the requirements for a liberal democracy? It's not just voting, says Fukuyama. It needs a distinction between public and private interest; rule of law; and accountability. Although the U.S. started off as a weak, corrupt state, it became a liberal democracy. Yet all political systems are subject to decay, and that's what's happening to the U.S. today.
- Carnegie Council Timeline: The First Hundred Years
In honor of its Centennial, Carnegie Council presents an online history timeline, based on the book "Toward Peace with Justice" by Kate Hallgren. Like the book, this lavishly illustrated account offers a fresh perspective on the Council’s first 100 years, placing its story in the context of 20th century American and world history.
- A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire
In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
- How to Prevent Another Great Recession
First, there will definitely be another recession, says Ay. As long as people make free economic decisions, they will make mistakes. But it's important to understand the fundamental reasons behind the recent subprime crisis. She goes on to discuss financial regulation, loan securitization, and the pitfalls of encouraging home ownership.
- Podcast with Joel Rosenthal and Devin Stewart for Global Ethics Day
What is Global Ethics Day? "Our dream is that this becomes a global educational effort and that people come to learn from each other from all around the world," says Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal. The Council welcomes educational institutions, no matter where they are, to join this teach-in on October 16.
- Climate Change and the Future of Humanity
Climate change is already here. The seas are rising, the glaciers are melting, and the atmosphere is warming. How can we work together to set a different course for humanity?
- Clip of the Month: Mary Robinson on Climate Change's Effect on Women & the Poor
Mary Robinson, former president of Ireland and UN special envoy for climate change, says that environmental problems have an outsized effect on women and the poor and that her foundation is working on their behalf.
- World War to a Global Ethic
"We come here—100 years to the day from the calamitous events of the summer of 1914—to remember, to take stock, and to recommit to the ideals passed on to us by Andrew Carnegie and others. The Carnegie ideal was simple but audacious: it is indeed realistic and possible to use reason and experience to improve the ways in which we live."
- Religion in War and Reconciliation
"There is a long way to go before religious communities become more of a resource for reducing rather than a source for increasing antagonism. But to move in that direction clearly requires greater understanding at the local level."
- Sarajevo Symposium, Closing Remarks
"We have all got to live with each other. There will be Serbs here in a thousand years, Croats here in a thousand years. We're stuck with each other. We don't have to love each other. This is not a council of brotherhood and unity. We did that. It didn't go so well. It's just a council of deep individual responsibility for ourselves as historical agents in time."
- Carnegie's Vision for Peace: WNYC's Brian Lehrer Interviews Joel Rosenthal
On the eve of the 100th anniversary of World War I, Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal discusses the legacy of Andrew Carnegie, who thought that international arbitration would eventually put an end to war. We haven't reached that point yet, but are we more peaceful than we were 100 years ago?
- Toward Understanding Our World's Moral Landscape: Carnegie Council's Centennial Projects on a "Global Ethic"
As part of its Centennial activities, Carnegie Council launched several projects, including the Global Ethical Dialogues and Thought Leaders Forum, to explore the concept of a "global ethic." Senior Fellow Devin Stewart writes on the highlights from these two projects, including what leading thinkers believe to be the greatest ethical challenges.
- Global Ethics Day, October 16, 2014
Join the Carnegie Council teach-in! As part of its Centennial activities, Carnegie Council is inaugurating a worldwide Global Ethics Day on October 16 at City College of New York (CCNY). We encourage academic institutions around the world to use this day to hold their own events, lectures, or other educational activity to explore a "global ethic." In need of ideas? Have a look at our resources.
- Japan’s "'76ers" Gain Global Attention: New Liberal Elite Can Change Japan
In this "Nikkei Business" interview, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow discusses his research on Japan's generation known as "76ers"--i.e. those born around 1976. He talked to non-political elites, such as activists, researchers, students, journalists, and CEOs, and found that incremental but very significant changes are underway in Japan.
- We Have a Plan: From Sarajevo to Baghdad
How should we mark the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the event that led to WWI? Here in Sarajevo, remembering its tragic history at both the beginning and end of the 20th century, it's clear that passivity in the face of instability is not an answer. But it's equally clear that we should be humble about remedies.
- Carnegie Council Video Wins Two Bronze Awards in the Annual Telly Awards
The Telly Awards has named "Ethics Matter," a video produced by Mindfile Multimedia and the Carnegie Ethics Studio for Carnegie Council, as the winner of two bronze awards in the 35th Annual Telly Awards. With nearly 12,000 entries from all 50 states and numerous countries, this is truly a remarkable achievement.
- Of Moonshots and Slingshots
Only if policy people and technologists work together better will we change the world in ways that are congruent with our most critical human needs and planetary risks.
- "Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy" by Aaron James
This book brings political economy, international relations, and development economics into conversation with moral philosophy, making a critical contribution to the ethics of globalization.
- FAIRNESS AND ITS OPPOSITE: International Student Photo Contest, Deadline October 31, 2014
Carnegie Council announces its second annual International Student Photography Contest. This year's theme is "Fairness and Its Opposite." The contest is open to all students over the age 13. DEADLINE: October 31, 2014.
- 3 Tools for Turning Fragile States into Inclusive Societies
In Seth Kaplan's new book he identifies three tools for successful development in fragile states: social cohesion, an inclusive ideology, and incentives for elites.
- Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the Front Lines
Journalists have always faced attacks on their freedom to report stories and often on their physical safety as well. Now they face a new threat: digital surveillance. Electronic spying means that journalists cannot protect their sources, and undermines the public's confidence in the media's ability to operate without government interference.
- Scrambling to Adapt to Climate Change
For years, climate change activists avoided "adaptive" solutions because they thought it was admitting defeat. But with the reality of extreme weather and resource shortages, even the UN is calling for this strategy. This episode explores whether this increased focus on adaptation is equitable, and whether it distracts from mitigation efforts.
- Blueprint or Scramble?
Climate change is impacting the globe in surprising ways. The Maldives might be submerged, but Canadian trade could benefit from new waterways. What's the best way forward--short-term responses or long-term solutions? Don't miss the next episode, which looks at the shift from climate change mitigation to adaptation.
- A United Front in the War for Wildlife
Conservationists need a unified approach to stop the illegal trade in wildlife: species protection, human development, good governance, and enforcement.
- The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Jonathan Hansen on World War I (Part II)
"What does it mean to be patriotic in a nation founded on a set of putative universal principles and composed primarily of immigrants and their descendants? This is a timeless question that first came to a head in World War I and received renewed attention (though not much debate) in the wake of 9/11."
- The Ethics of Avoiding Conflict with China
Is there a policy prescription that can avoid turning predictions of a Sino-American clash into a self-fulfilling prophecy?
- Blowing the Whistle
Has the perception of whistleblowers changed? With high-profile cases like Edward Snowden and increased protections for those who accuse their employers of misconduct, have we moved away from the view that it "takes a rogue to catch a rogue"? Tobacco industry whistleblower Jeffrey Wigand and others discuss blowing the whistle in the U.S.
- INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY 2014
In honor of International Women's Day on March 8, we present a selection of Carnegie Council's resources from the past year. It features interviews with extraordinary, inspiring women from around the world, materials on overcoming violence against women, and thoughts on women and world peace.
- The Secret of Political Jiu-Jitsu
"While oppression may appear to be a display of the government's power, skilled activists know that it's actually a sign of weakness."
- The Global War for Internet Governance
Who controls the Internet? Internet governance is so technically and institutionally complex that it takes place mostly out of public view. But Internet control points do exist, and they affect civil liberties, national security, and global innovation policy. Laura DeNardis explains the inner workings of online governance and discusses its future.
- Carnegie Council Debuts Thought Leaders Forum: Leading Minds on the Ethical Challenges of the 21st Century
We invited world-changing visionaries and role models from diverse professions, backgrounds, and regions to identify the greatest ethical questions facing the planet and offer creative advice on how to respond to them. The result is the Thought Leaders Forum, a multimedia micro-site featuring the insights from more than 50 leading minds.
- New Interview Series, "Ethics in Security Bulletin," with an Initial Focus on Ukraine
This podcast interview series explores the ethical dimensions of issues around the world, from Eastern Europe to the Middle East, and discusses the role played by U.S. foreign policy and the West.
- Secrecy and Privacy in the Aftermath of Edward Snowden
In order to be morally justifiable, any strategy or policy involving the body politic must be one to which it would voluntarily assent when fully informed about it. What, however, is inherent in being fully informed when it comes to surveillance?
- From Dehumanization to Rehumanization
"Rehumanization is the restoration of human dignity and the reassertion of the priority of humans above the systems originally intended to serve humanity. If we are to achieve rehumanization, we need to domesticate the techno-economic complex and quell its divisive forces," writes philosophy professor Laura Rediehs.
- Norway’s Sovereign Wealth Fund and Global Justice: An Exchange
Dozens of countries have established Sovereign Wealth Funds. Just how should the money be spent, and how good are national claims to this money in the first place? Four experts respond to Chris Armstrong's "Ethics & International Affairs" article, "Sovereign Wealth Funds and Global Justice."
- Introducing: CARNEGIE COUNCIL
Want to learn more about Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs? This five-minute video gives a quick introduction to our past, our present, and our ambitions for the future.
- As it Turns 100, Carnegie Council Continues to Work for a More Ethical World
In the spirit of Andrew Carnegie, the Council serves as a nonpartisan, educational resource for international affairs professionals, journalists, educators and students, business people, and the attentive public. And with today's technology and the rise of social media, it has a global outreach that surpasses even Mr. Carnegie's wildest imaginings.
- Honorable Mention, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
Ebuka Francis Okoli cites examples of many inspiring moral leaders, including Mother Teresa, Peter Benenson, founder of Amnesty International, and Dora Nkem Akunyili, former head of Nigeria's Food and Drug Administration.
- 1st Prize Undergraduate Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
"All I ask of you today is to think these three questions through: Why do you believe in your morals? Why should I believe in your morals? Are you sure it's not because everybody else thinks so?; and it is your ability to answer these three questions that makes you a moral leader that I would want to follow."
- 3rd Prize High School Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
"For me, a moral leader is any individual, big or small, who can change at least one person's life for the better. Without fame and money, the doctor changed the lives of so many children, pushing himself to be there when no one else was, arms always spread out to catch anyone who fell."
- 2nd Prize High School Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
"Why can't economics and social justice have similar creeds? In my future, I hope I can see a world in which they can. The society that we should strive for should exhibit moral behavior in all fields and in all groups of people. Businessmen, politicians, doctors, lawyers, and teachers alike should all make ethical decisions."
- 2nd Prize High School Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
"It may be yet another morning in Fairfax, Virginia, but there is yet another massacre happening in Egypt. In Syria. In Somalia. The world is, now more than ever, desperately in need of moral leadership to stop these atrocities from happening."
- 1st Prize High School Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
In a world where journalists are crucial in shining a light on immoral actions by both local and national governments, countries such as Turkey and China are fighting to restrict the media. Despite threats of losing their jobs and being imprisoned, these journalists risk everything in the name of freedom. Truly, these journalists display moral leadership.
- 1st Prize High School Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013
"Moral leadership is the transcendence of political realities by a person of conscience in the pursuit of a grand ideal. I define moral leadership as such because the annals of history, though saturated with the exploits of leaders seeking fame or power, are shaped by the work of those who defiantly held onto their ideals, no matter the political cost."
- The Moral Operating System of a Global City: Los Angeles
For global cities to solve the central problem of collaboration among strangers, they need a moral operating system: shared codes and behaviors that enable people from different backgrounds to live together on a daily basis.
- Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2014 with Ian Bremmer
So what should we look out for in 2014? "The economic risks are receding. The geopolitical risks are becoming more important," says political risk guru Ian Bremmer. Don't miss this entertaining but fact-filled talk for insights on global affairs, from U.S. foreign policy, to the Middle East, Asia, Russia, Europe, and emerging markets.
- Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Online Activist Ricken Patel
A brilliant student, Ricken Patel could have had a stellar career in any field he wished. Instead he chose to live among the poor in some of the world's most dangerous places, and ultimately founded Avaaz, a successful activist organization with more than 30 million members. Learn more about Patel and Avaaz in this remarkable interview.
- Symposium at the Scottish Parliament: From War to a Global Ethic
Is it possible to create a global code of ethics? In this Carnegie Council Centennial Symposium at the Scottish Parliament, the panelists discuss Andrew Carnegie's legacy; what has changed since his time; and Carnegie Council's contribution to the vital task of moving toward a shared international understanding with which to face today's problems.
- Innovating Aid
Neha Bhat talks with innovators in humanitarian and development aid about new and efficient solutions to the crises of our time.
- Multi-stakeholder Governance Seeks to Dislodge Multilateralism
Multi-stakeholder consultations have gained support as a framework for solving global problems, but are they a legitimate stand-in for the multilateral system?
- Check out Carnegie Council's Global Ethics Forum TV Series, Available on TV and Online
Looking for thought-provoking programming on current affairs? Watch "Global Ethics Forum," a weekly half-hour TV series featuring the world's top policymakers and scholars.
- Beyond CSR: Doing Good Business
Recalibrating toward sustainable practices can be challenging and risky. Here are six steps for building a business with higher purpose.
- A Letter to Andrew Carnegie on the Eve of the Council's Centennial
From our vantage point 100 years on, Andrew Carnegie got some things right and others wrong; but the core issue remains the same. "Today's Carnegie Council focuses on the one central question that preoccupied you and your colleagues at our founding: How can we learn to live together peacefully while acknowledging our deepest differences?"
- Joel Rosenthal Awarded Honorary Degree by University of Edinburgh
In October 2013, Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal received an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science in Social Sciences from the University of Edinburgh. The degree was awarded in recognition of his contribution to the field of international relations and ethics.
- Chile's Opportunity to Eradicate Violence Against Women—and Set an Example for the Region
If Michelle Bachelet regains the Chilean presidency in the 2013 election, she has the opportunity to create a lasting legacy for women. What's needed is a multi-pronged approach that properly funds and enforces regulations, but even more importantly, goes to the root of the problem by bringing about cultural change.
- The Nonproliferation Complex by Campbell Craig and Jan Ruzicka
In this essay, Campbell Craig and Jan Ruzicka trace the history of the rise of the nuclear nonproliferation complex during and immediately after the Cold War. They show how nonproliferation and disarmament organizations and advocates turned toward ameliorative approaches in the face of great-power refusal to accept more substantial change, or indeed defended an international order favoring the status quo.
- Peace Pays for Itself
The global economic impact of violence in 2012 was estimated to be $9.5 trillion. Governments need a way to account for and recuperate these unproductive expenditures.
- Arash Abizadeh on Immigration
As the U.S. moves toward a major overhaul of its immigration system, many of those most significantly affected are being left out of the debate--not just illegal immigrants already in the U.S., but also anyone who might ever want to come. The same is true everywhere immigration is being debated. Arash Abizadeh thinks all those outsiders deserve a say.
- The Failure of the Mainstream Media to Cover the UN: Who's to Blame?
Former "New York Times" UN bureau chief Barbara Crossette explains why the U.S. media has lost interest in the UN, and how the UN makes it hard to report there. What is being lost? A gateway to world opinion, the opportunity to meet influential people of many cultures, and the ability to tap into a vast store of expertise and data.
- Immigration Reform: Truths, Myths, and Politics
The great wave of illegal immigration to the United States is over, says Edward Schumacher-Matos. Our real challenge now is what to do with those 11–12 million people who are here illegally but who are part of our communities--and this is not only a legal issue but an ethical one.
- The Ethics of Hacking Back: Cybersecurity and Active Network Defense
The Internet is "a global free fire zone," yet it is illegal for companies to hack back against cyber attacks--although rumor has it that many are doing so. How much of the responsibility to protect their assets should rest with the private sector and how much with the government? This expert panel explores these difficult legal and ethical questions.
- Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God
Created and armed by Iran, Hezbollah's reach stretches around the world, including inside the United States. Matthew Levitt traces its terrifying activities and discusses how Iran/Hezbollah might retaliate in response to a U.S. strike on Syria.
- Carnegie Council Presents "Ethics & International Affairs" Fall 2013 Issue
This issue features Richard Schiffman on the land grab in Africa; Frances Moore Lappé, Jennifer Clapp, Molly Anderson, Robin Broad, Ellen Messer, Thomas Pogge, and Timothy Wise on anti-hunger strategies; a special Centennial roundtable on nonproliferation in the 21st century, with J. Bryan Hehir, Jacques E. C. Hymans, Nina Tannenwald, and Ward Wilson; Campbell Craig and Jan Ruzicka on the nuclear nonproliferation complex; and book reviews.
- The Fate of Cultural Property in Wartime: Why it Matters and What Should Be Done
Cultural property protection in conflict is often neglected as people argue that the lives of individuals in warzones are far more important than old buildings, pots, and books. However, it is not a question of prioritizing. We must not dismiss cultural property protection in conflicts as secondary to humanitarian tragedy, but as part of the effort to save humanity.
- Ten Billion
Stephen Emmott's short, bold manifesto asks the world to wake up and recognize that not only are the problems we face increasingly interconnected--including energy, climate, food, and water--but that the connection is us.
- 2020 Olympics: A Fourth Arrow for Abenomics?
"The Diplomat" quotes senior fellow Devin Stewart at length when discussing the significance of Japan's successful bid to host the 2020 Olympics. Stewart argues that "[Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe] took a big risk by making the bid personally and his risk will likely pay off in his popularity and political capital."
- Some Thoughts on the Ethics of China's Rise
In this nuanced and knowledgeable piece, Wyne analyses China's changing values and challenges as the country takes a more prominent role on the world stage, from human rights, to humanitarian intervention, to the environmental cost of its breathtaking growth over the last few decades. He concludes with some thoughts on U.S. policy towards China.
- Top 10 Resources for 2012-13 Program Year
Resources focusing on ethics and technology featured prominently in our global audience's favorites this last program year. Topics include the UK phone hacking scandal, drone warfare, and climate change. Join the conversation by posting comments!
- Thought Leader: Rowan Williams
"The heart of a global ethic for our time, or a convergent point of global ethical systems, is that twofold sense of recognizing one another's dignity and sharing our resources in justice. That is one of the areas where the religious traditions of the world have a very significant role to play, since they all in their different ways have a strong sense of how human dignity is to be understood and a strong commitment to justice."
- Book Review: Colored Cosmopolitanism: The Shared Struggle for Freedom in the United States and India
"South Asians and African Americans learned from each other in ways that not only advanced their respective struggles for freedom but helped define what freedom could and should mean," argues historian Nico Slate in his debut book.
- Proven Anti-hunger Strategies [Excerpt]
Beyond economic growth and safety nets there exists a wide range of proven anti-hunger strategies. This policy brief highlights four strategies--fundamental building blocks for stronger food security policies that deserve greater attention in the current policy-making context.
- Capitalism as Our Greatest Hope
"What I'm hoping is that we as Americans, and people in other countries, too, can think more clearly about capitalism as the engine of growth that lifts people out of poverty," writes social psychologist Jonathan Haidt in this "Huffington Post" article. This series is co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders Forum.
- Book Review: Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments
This collection of essays edited by Catherine Zuckert provides an overview of the work and lives of 18 thinkers who made significant contributions to the development of political philosophy in the last century.
- Venezuela: An Ethical Foreign Policy?
Some observers see Venezuela's foreign policy as promoting international solidarity with the oppressed, combating poverty, and pushing for a just world order free of uni-polar domination. Others argue that it has been incoherent, militaristic, and prejudicial to regional stability. What does the evidence tell us?
- UNDP Uses a New Human Development Eco Footprint
The 2013 Human Development Report has brought hybrid economic-ecologic metrics into a new era, providing a clear path to a broader meaning of development.
- China's Ecological Pivot
The World Cultural Forum held this spring in Hangzhou witnessed what may be an epochal pivot by the Chinese leadership toward an ecological future.
- Review of "Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments"
"This collection of essays edited by Catherine Zuckert provides an overview of the work and lives of 18 thinkers who made significant contributions to the development of political philosophy in the last century," writes Kei Hiruta, Carnegie-Uehiro Fellow and Global Ethics Fellow, in this book review in "Philosophy in Review (33:3)."
- WEF Proposes a Public-Private United "Nations"
The United Nations faces further erosion of authority if the World Economic Forum gets its way on global governance.
- Burma’s Reforms and Regional Cooperation in East Asia
Thein Sein, his advisors, and his closest allies are committed to the reform process and to improving Burma's image in the world--whether the majority of the military agrees is open to question, argue Asia scholar Joshua Kurlantzick, and Devin Stewart, senior program director at Carnegie Council, in this report on Myanmar.
- Global Ethical Dialogues: Concept Paper
How can Carnegie Council, an organization with a global mandate but based in New York, contribute to generating egalitarian dialogue within and between unequal societies? We hope to do so by organizing an inter-connected series of global dialogues on the ethical roots of problems we face in common and what we need to do together to solve them.
- Foreign Policy Begins at Home: The Case for Putting America's House in Order
We have been guilty of overreaching abroad and underachieving at home, says Richard Haass, and these sins are really two sides of the national security coin. After all, "our capacity to act abroad is obviously directly limited and affected by the capacities we have created here at home, whether the capacities are military or economic or human."
- What the World Bank Does Not Understand About "Doing Business"
The World Bank's research on Doing Business fails to focus on the obstacles that matter most to entrepreneurs in emerging markets.
- Using SMART Technology to Stop Wildlife Poachers
Several major wildlife organizations collaborated on a free, open-source Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool to help park rangers improve their anti-poaching patrols.
- Human Trafficking Around the World: Hidden in Plain Sight
Victims of trafficking are both young and old, male and female. They can be found working in factories, fields, brothels, private homes, and innumerable other settings. They may be hidden behind walls or seen in plain view. How can trafficking be stopped?
- Is World Peace Possible? Answers to This and other Big Questions from 50 Thought Leaders around the World
As part of its 2014 Centennial project, Carnegie Council is asking Thought Leaders around the world to answer big moral questions. We just reached the symbolic milestone of 50 interviews, and there will be many more to come.
- The Undivided Past: Humanity Beyond Our Differences
"A divided past is only part of the human story. It may be the one that makes the headlines, but, arguably, it's not the only one and it's probably not the most important one either," says David Cannadine. "Human relations are extremely messy. They are not primarily Manichean at all, but they are about blending, borrowing, interacting, and interconnecting."
- EARTH DAY 2013
These multimedia resources include exploring how individuals, governments, and corporations can take on climate change and sustainability; the intersection of ethics and the mining and forestry industries; and the growing sustainability movement in Asia.
- Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles
Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
- Thought Leader: Mary Robinson
"What strikes me about the world today is that it's a world of 7 billion people who are more connected than ever before, and yet the divides are huge. We see growing inequality both within countries and between countries. I'm not sure that we can continue like this and be socially cohesive."
- Will Global Voluntarism Supersede Rule of Law?
The World Economic Forum is advocating a move toward coalitions of the willing and able for solving global problems. Will it work?
- The Measure of Civilization: How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations
Ian Morris demonstrates that social development can be measured across thousands of years. Based on past trends, what can we expect in the future? For one thing, the pace of change has accelerated. Morris predicts that the 21st century is going to be a "race between shifts in the balance of power, a transformation of humanity, and catastrophe."
- Innovation to the Rescue: New Ideas and Tech for Helping Refugees
The UN refugee agency is adopting an innovation-centered approach in pursuit of better services, products, and outcomes for displaced populations.
- Public Affairs: Everybody Matters: My Life Giving Voice
In this inspiring talk about her extraordinary life so far, Mary Robinson tells us of her early years and how she became president of Ireland, even though the odds were 100-1; her work as a champion of human rights, especially those of women; and about her current work as president of the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice.
- Shefa Siegel on the Ethics of Mining
Mining harms the environment irreversibly, yet this is often ignored, and mining is on the increase, often without clear ecological or economic development benefits. "We're still using the model created at the end of the 19th century, but in a very different period, where the resources are increasingly scarce and the economy has changed dramatically."
- INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY 2013
This collection in honor of International Women's Day starts on a high note, with some inspiring stories of progress. But the struggle is not over. We move on to accounts of how far we still have to go before women enjoy equal rights, freedom of choice, and freedom from fear.
- Thought Leader: Srdja Popovic
"There are two kinds of countries in this world, the good ones and the bad ones. The good ones I count as the countries where the governments are afraid of their people. The bad ones I count as the countries where people are afraid of their governments."
- Thought Leader: Ethan Zuckerman
"I'd really like to see us get globalization right. For me, getting globalization right wouldn't mean that we have stuff from every corner of the world, but would mean that we have people and ideas and opportunities and solutions from every corner of the world."
- "Traffic Lights" by By Jae Woo Jang
At the age of 14, Sarina was tricked into becoming a sex slave--and there are hundreds of thousands of teenage girls just like her. What can we do to help?
- "Consumerism" by Anjana Aravind
"I live in a small town in India. People have a notion that consumerism is a "first-world" problem but it is not. Wherever you come from, people measure wealth by how big your cars are and how many things you own. The richer you are, the more waste you generate. But in countries like mine, recycling is a term that is rarely used because there is no infrastructure for that."
- "Population" by Juinn-Ren "Andrew" Wang
Our governments don't like to talk about population control because it is unpleasant; it is unethical to tell others how many or how few children they are allowed to have. Solving the problem of our world's exploding human population is thus the greatest ethical challenge humanity will face in the 21st century.
- "Terrorism" by Madueke Michael-Francis Nezie
Terrorism is like a virus. It cannot be said to be bound within certain political states or geographic boundaries. To end terror, extremism and its attendant acts of terrorism must be addressed simultaneously. To fight an idea, we need an idea. The best way to eradicate terrorism is to never let it happen. It is a little like vaccination.
- "Saving the World Is Indifferent, Acting for it Isn't" by Ilari Aula
"The greatest ethical challenge facing the planet is to discover how we ordinary people reach and maintain the motivation to change the world. It is we, not the leaders, institutions or experts who play a critical role in bringing a momentum to a pro-poor trade regime, a CO2-neutral global line or a realizable nuclear disarmament plan."
- Carnegie Council Appoints New Global Ethics Fellows and Senior Fellow
Carnegie Council is pleased to announce four additions to its distinguished group of fellows around the world. The new fellows are from Brazil, Ghana, Singapore, and South Africa.
- "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring Issue
This issue features an essay by Shefa Siegel on the missing ethics of mining; a Carnegie Council Centennial special section on "Just War and its Critics," with contributions by James Turner Johnson, Cian O'Driscoll, John Kelsay, and Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun; and book reviews by Charli Carpenter and Deen K. Chatterjee.
- Public Affairs: China's Search for Security
In this masterly and comprehensive talk, Andrew Nathan looks at the world from Beijing's viewpoint and sees a very challenging environment for China. He identifies four rings of security concerns: inside China's territory; its 24 surrounding countries; six regional systems; and the rest of the world.
- The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World
As more people become prosperous and interstate conflicts diminish, there is a convergence between East and West, says Kishore Mahbubani. Now we have to change our mindset accordingly and act as one united world on issues such as climate change. One important step is to reform the UN.
- After the Music Stopped: The Financial Crisis, the Response, and the Work Ahead
Alan S. Blinder, Princeton professor, "Wall Street Journal" columnist, and former vice chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, explains how the worst economic crisis in postwar American history happened, what the government did to fight it, and what we can do from here.
- Ethical Leaders Have A Vision for Helping Others
In February 2013, Global Thinkers Forum's website featured an interview with Devin Stewart, Carnegie Council senior program director and senior fellow.
- The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
With a breadth and depth of knowledge spanning not only current geopolitics but centuries of history, Robert Kaplan shows us the crucial importance of geography in shaping our destinies. Geography still matters, and always will.
- Five Myths About Nuclear Weapons
What if everything we believe about nuclear weapons is wrong? "Reexamine the facts and you'll see that the arguments for nuclear weapons aren't powerful; they're preposterous. They are an unpersuasive collection of wishful thinking held together by nothing more than fear and rationalization."
- Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2013 with Ian Bremmer
"There are three big things happening right now in the world: China rising, Middle East exploding, Europe muddling through. Those are the things that truly matter, in the sense that they have potentially very different kinds of trajectories and outcomes depending on where they go."
- Reimagining a Global Ethic
What status do we give a global ethic in a pluralistic world that, as a matter of fact, is composed, ethically speaking, of competing moral universes?
- A World Without a Moral Guidepost?
Political scientist Ian Bremmer's piece, "A World Without a Moral Guidepost," was featured in the "Huffington Post." This series is co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders Forum.
- Thought Leader: Rebecca MacKinnon
"Even dictatorships go to great lengths to create these fake elections to prove to the world that they have consent of the governed. It's sort of an organizing principle of the nation-state."
- Thought Leader: Jonathan Haidt
"My general view is that left and right are like yin and yang. I think it's great to have one side that's calling attention to global issues and one side that's wary of the solutions."
- Table of Contents, Volume 26.4, Winter 2012
- "Ethics & International Affairs" Winter Issue
This issue features an essay by Oran R. Young on stewardship of the Arctic; a special section on "Safeguarding Fairness in Climate Governance" with articles by Jonathan Pickering, Steve Vanderheiden, Seumas Miller, and David Schlosberg; and book reviews by Patrick Hayden, Henry S. Richardson, Henry Radice, and Ayse Kaya.
- Cultural norms and limits of tolerance
On January 7, executive editor John Tessitore's piece "Cultural norms and limits of tolerance" was published on "Providence Journal Blog."
- The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics
In the Cold War, the path to nuclear war always led through Moscow and Washington. In the second nuclear age the triggers to nuclear war are in Tel Aviv, Islamabad, Pyongyang, and in the future possibly Tehran, and possibly in other places too, because you can start a nuclear war even if you don't have nuclear weapons.
- Hard Questions for Humanitarians
Do international laws intended to constrain war and uphold human rights unwittingly legitimate violence? Zach Dorfman of Carnegie Council reviews Eyal Weizman's book, "The Least of All Possible Evils."
- Human Rights Watch: Promoting Ethical Behavior When It's Contested
It's the job of Human Rights Watch to shine a spotlight on human rights abuses worldwide, including in the U.S., says its executive director Ken Roth. We speak not for the public conscience, but to it, "and if we have hit that conscience accurately, it’s reflected in shame, and governments then have to respond to that."
- Ethics Matter: Dan Ariely on the Hidden Forces that Shape our Decisions
Why do smart people cheat? Why do we eat more than we should or text while driving? In this funny and insightful talk, behavioral economist Dan Ariely explores the hidden factors that shape our most puzzling decisions and shows how emotions, peer pressure, and sheer irrationalism dictate our behavior.
- America in the 21st Century: A View from America
"Why is it that the political system today seems so gridlocked? Why is the issue of brinkmanship in America so incredibly debilitating and so very real? Is there something which has always been the case in U.S. history or is there something else going on today which is fueling this problem and making this age of brinkmanship so pernicious?"
- Forecasting the Future of Countries
Measuring how countries develop is all the rage, but are these indicators examining the most appropriate data? Seth Kaplan says it's time we start looking more at social and political performance.
- The Energy of Society: What's at Stake this Election
This election gives us a choice between two clearly different paths. Will we take the first halting steps toward developing a sustainable civilization, or will we stay the course with infinite-planet economics?
- 3D Printing Can Unlock Development Potential
3D printing is the new frontier in manufacturing, with potentially radical effects on patterns of global trade and development.
- Ethics Matter: Environmentalist Bill McKibben on Climate Change
It's wrong to say Americans are addicted to fossil fuel. The addicts are oil and gas company executives, who won't give up their profits. Until we put a price on carbon that reflects the damage it does in the atmosphere, we’ll continue to have this catastrophic market failure and moral failure.
- Rethinking Development Finance for City "Slums"
The Asian Coalition for Community Action is challenging the top-down Big Aid funding model by providing small grants to low-income communities for the initiatives of their choosing.
- Senator Richard Lugar on Nuclear Weapons Reduction
Senator Lugar tells the dramatic story of his bipartisan work on the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (also known as Nunn–Lugar), which provides funding and expertise for states in the former USSR nations to reduce nuclear weapons.
- Frank Vogl on Corruption
Corruption is not a victimless crime, as many believe. Transparency International's Frank Vogl discusses the global, grass-roots fight against this age-old problem.
- Is the World Becoming More Peaceful?
In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
- How Religious Leaders Can Come Together to Work on Global Problems
Religious leaders must come together as never before and take an active role in making an interfaith dialogue with global peace and security as its goal, says Grand Mufti of Bosnia-Herzegovina Mustafa Ceric. He cites three important initiatives from his own experiences.
- The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion
"Haidt is one of the smartest and most creative psychologists alive, and his newest book, "The Righteous Mind," is a tour de force--a brave, brilliant and eloquent exploration of the most important issues of our time. It will challenge the way you think about liberals and conservatives, atheism and religion, good and evil."--Paul Bloom, Yale University.
- Ethics Matter: Dambisa Moyo on How Aid to Africa is Harmful
Aid has failed to create economic growth, says Moyo, and allows governments to evade their responsibilities. So when people say that aid provides essential services, they're missing the point. Except when disaster strikes, governments should be responsible for their citizens, not the international community.
- Peace: What Is it Good for?
Andrew Carnegie was ahead of his time; he questioned the essence of imperial Great Power politics and offered an alternate future. He debunked the glorification of war. Carnegie raised our expectations--and this, in the end, is his most enduring peace legacy.
- America in the 21st Century: A View from the Arab World
The key is still the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Muasher. "The U.S. is not going to be able to regain its credibility in the region if it tells the Arab public that 'If you are Egyptians or Tunisians or Syrians or Libyans yearning for freedom, we are with you, but if you are Palestinians yearning for freedom, it's complicated.'"
- Thought Leader: Luis Moreno-Ocampo
"The new world, the 21st century is about global communication and global citizenship. I see this particularly in the young people."
- Thought Leader: Michael Walzer
"Where is the political space within which you can organize and mobilize for greater equality across the globe? That's a question I don't have an answer to, but I think it is a central question for those of us who set a high value on human equality."
- Thought Leader: David Shinn
"What is important is to keep the global ethics debate alive in as many arenas as possible so that an increasing circle of individuals and opinion leaders can increase their common agreement."
- Thought Leader: Enrique Penalosa
"The wealthy have a responsibility to have a certain degree of austerity, to show that they are admired and respected, not because they have material wealth, but because of their contribution to society."
- Thought Leader: Kwame Anthony Appiah
"The more our societies are in conversation, the more likely it is, when it comes to having to make the hard decisions that are involved in discussions where you have to settle something, the more likely we are to be able to do it."
- Thought Leader: Juan Somavia
"We may have globalization, we have more interconnectedness, lots of things are happening, more trade. But what's the moral compass? You have the feeling that the compass is 'If you can get away with it, it's all right. If you are not found out, okay.'"
- Thought Leader: Pankaj Ghemawat
"What I have in mind with rooted cosmopolitanism and distance sensitivity is something that's much, much more practical and to my mind achievable."
- Thought Leader: Carne Ross
"At the heart of this form of anarchist theory, which is what this is, is a belief that true self-determination, self-realization of the self, can only be fulfilled without authority."
- Thought Leader: Victor Cha
"Technology creates all this open space that needs to be filled. And if you leave space to be filled, people fill it by saying things that don't make a whole lot of sense and so there's less accountability in today's day and age and less care is put into what is said publicly."
- Thought Leader: Ian Bremmer
"When we talk about international affairs, you can be as 'Realpolitik' as you want, but you're talking about people, you're not talking about assets. You're talking about living, feeling, breathing beings."
- Thought Leader: Emily Lau
"I hope that world leaders will really sit down and think about the circumstances of those people who have been suffering for many years. Why can't we all try to sort it out and give them something better to look forward to?"
- Thought Leader: Steve Coll
"I do believe there is a global ethic. It has to do with the dignity of individuals, the right to security and liberty, both. I do believe that the human condition in its social setting is universal enough to give rise to global rights and global ethics."
- Thought Leader: Ahmed Rashid
"Violence is linked to a continued intolerance of minorities. In many countries in many parts of the world, this is something we inherited from the 20th century."
- Thought Leader: Parag Khanna
"The best global governance is local governance. It is not a punch line; it is a rule of thumb."
- Thought Leader: Mary Ellen Iskenderian
"I'm a huge believer in role models. I think that pretty much any woman who gets up and puts herself out there, whether she wants to be or not, is a role model."
- Thought Leader: Nobuo Tanaka
"It is amazing that more than 2 billion people do not have access to electricity. All people equally have a right to have a very healthy and comfortable life. Access to energy, access to electricity, is a very important part of the issue that we have to tackle."
- Policy Simulations Could Help Combat Sex Trafficking
Through virtual simulation of anti-trafficking policies, enforcement agencies would get a better grasp on how to target their efforts.
- New Approaches to Humanitarian Migration
Many people cross international borders because their lives have been ruined by an earthquake, flood, drought, or hurricane. But they face a black hole of international law.
- Repairing the Shattered Sky
A new film looks at American leadership during the ozone crisis and compares it to the situation with global warming today. The clock is ticking for the United States to step up to the plate this time around.
- Global Ethics Corner: Is Censorship Ever Justified?
From jailing bloggers in Ethiopia to legislating religion-neutral clothing in France, censorship takes many forms. Is censorship ever warranted, even if it's used to promote tolerance? Or should the American model, in which the First Amendment reigns, be the world's standard?
- Can Bioregionalism Go Global Before Collapse?
Bioregionalism proposes an alternative future in which overconsumption is drastically reduced, the natural environment is preserved, and proactive measures are taken to provide basic needs.
- The Practice of Bioregionalism
Through local governance, appropriate technologies, and the occasional confederation for solving big problems, bioregionalism promotes human flourishing along with natural sustainability.
- Building Bioregional Politics for an Ecological Civilization
The developed countries need to learn to live more sustainably within the confines of the local resources available to them rather than exploiting the resources of others, writes Richard Evanoff, author of Bioregionalism and Global Ethics.
- Confronting Youth Unemployment
With an unemployment rate three times higher than that of adults, there are 75 million youth worldwide looking for work. International Labour Organization head Juan Somavia gives his take and Indian employer Rahul Mirchandani speaks about training youth for the workforce.
- The Phone Hacking Scandal: Global Implications
The UK hacking scandal was a major breach of law and ethics. Yet too extreme a backlash runs the risk of throwing the baby out with the bathwater, and any legislative or regulatory changes in the UK could also have consequences for international freedom of the press.
- Global Ethics Corner: Prosecuting Pirates: Enforcing the Rule of Law at Sea
With Somali piracy surging over the last four years, the UN is calling for travel and financial sanctions on senior pirate leaders. Is this an effective way to punish the ringleaders or could it make piracy more violent? Should the focus, instead, be on the underlying problems in Somalia?
- Fair Ideas for Saving the Planet
There were some glimpses of a sustainable future at IIED's Fair Ideas conference in Rio, but local innovations still need to scale up and penetrate the mainstream.
- Garrett Cullity on Climate Change
Since there is very little any given individual can do to address climate change, there is a problem drawing a line from collective responsibility to individual responsibility. Fortunately, philosopher Garrett Cullity has a solution for morally motivating individuals.
- The Business of Peace
Is it possible to quantify peace? Australian entrepreneur Steve Killelea found a correlation between peace and business and at Stanford's Peace Innovation Lab, researcher Mark Nelson and lab director Margarita Quihuis are looking to get businesses involved in encouraging peace.
- Global Ethics Corner: Should America Stop Selling Weapons to Human Rights Violators?
A recent report showed that the American arms industry made billions last year selling to states with questionable human rights records. Should a global treaty be enacted mandating greater transparency on international arms sales? Should Americans stop selling to these countries altogether?
- Competitive Ethics
The field of competitive intelligence illustrates the distinction we draw in our professional lives between ethics and law. Attorney Richard Horowitz shares some legal insights and Knowledge inForm's Cynthia Cheng Correia checks in from the corporate side of competitive intelligence.
- Globalizing Censorship
Consent of the Network by Rebecca MacKinnon is a must-read on how businesses and governments wield influence over the Internet.
- Dealing with "Enablers" in Mass Atrocities: A New Human Rights Concept Takes Shape
Because mass atrocities are organized crimes, crippling the means to organize and sustain them--money, communications networks, and other resources--can disrupt their execution, writes George Lopez.
- Global Ethics Corner: The ICC Turns 10: Is International Justice Both Just and Effective?
The International Criminal Court turns 10 in July after a tumultuous first decade. With only a handful of rulings handed down, critics say the ICC is not efficient and beholden to Western ideals. Is it possible for international justice to be fair and effective?
- The Leaderless Revolution: How Ordinary People Will Take Power and Change Politics in the 21st Century
Countries the world over are suffering from a deficit of democracy, says Carne Ross, and it's not enough just to protest and/or tinker with the existing system. Radical change is needed. We, the people, must take on the burden of governing ourselves.
- What Does It Mean to Prevent Genocide?
It's essential to understand that genocide is a process, not an event, says Tibi Galis from the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation. It doesn't just happen out of the blue. So there are chances to step in and change the course of this process.
- How Much is Enough?: Money and the Good Life
Our obsession with amassing ever more wealth is actually robbing us of the good life, argue Robert and Edward Skidelsky. They identify seven basic needs that together make up the good life and lay out some radical social proposals to achieve them.
- Global Ethics Corner: The Ethics of Cyber Warfare
An influential Russian engineer recently called for an international ban on cyber weapons, saying that they could have unforeseen consequences, but many American analysts disagree. Are these weapons dangerous or are they a cheaper and more ethical alternative to traditional warfare?
- Tired of Waiting for a 21st Century Trade Agreement
A leaked version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement reveals that the United States continues to buck a broad consensus in favor of allowing members to regulate global finance.
- Rio+20: The Key Issues
Was the real action at the Rio+20 summit outside the negotiating hall, where civil society could share ideas horizontally?
- Antonio Franceschet on the International Criminal Court
What is the role of the International Criminal Court today? What are its strengths and limitations? In this informative interview, Professor Antonio Franceschet discusses the evolution of the ICC; its basic structure and function; and its current and future challenges.
- Every Nation for Itself: Winners and Losers in a G-Zero World
What's a G-zero world? It's when no one takes a global leadership role, when no one is willing to, and no one is capable of doing it--and that's the world we're living in now, according to political scientist Ian Bremmer. So what does this mean for both now and the future?
- Supply Chain Accountability
How can ethical practices be made an integral part of overseas supply chains? Here's reporter Charles Duhigg on how habits can impact the ethical behavior of businesses, and Hasbro's Alan Hassenfeld on establishing a global toy industry safety code.
- City Development States: Why Lagos Works Better than Nigeria
With a national government plagued by corruption and poisoned by dependence on oil money, state- and city-led development may be the best way for Nigeria to achieve progress.
- Coming Unstuck
What is the role of the nation-state in a globalizing world? The need is not for a relinquishment of national identity per se, but for becoming "unstuck" from the almost sacrosanct nation-state-centered doctrines that undergird policy at multiple levels.
- What We Talk About When We Talk About Isolationism
Today, American supremacy is assumed rather than argued for: in an age of tremendous political division, it is a bipartisan first principle of foreign policy. In this area at least, one wishes for a little less agreement, writes Carnegie Council's Zach Dorfman.
- Global Ethics Corner: Should Universities be Giving so Many Ph.D.'s?
A Ph.D. used to be a ticket to a comfortable career in academia. But, in recent years, increasing numbers of Ph.D.'s have had trouble finding jobs or are earning less than minimum wage with no benefits. Are universities responsible for matching supply and demand in the Ph.D. job market?
- Pax Ethnica: Where and How Diversity Succeeds
The headlines are full of stories of deep-simmering hatreds and ethnic strife. How about some good news for a change? Historians Meyer and Brysac explore places where diversity is actually working, from Kerala to Queens. What can we learn from these "oases of civility"?
- America in the 21st Century: A View from Europe
It's likely that the U.S. will cease to be the world's largest economic power by not later than the 2020s, predicts Martin Wolf. However--depending on its policy choices--it will probably remain a center of world innovation in research, technology, and business.
- Public Affairs: Private Empire: ExxonMobil and American Power
ExxonMobil is rather like France, says Steve Coll. It's mostly aligned with the U.S; it's sometimes opposed, but a lot of the time it's just busy keeping track of its own separate system and really doesn't want to be entangled in U.S. power unless it serves ExxonMobil interests.
- Ethics Matter: Dov Seidman, a Moral Philosopher in a Suit
Leadership is going from being command-and-control to connect-and-collaborate; from inspecting for trust to giving it away; and from discussing success towards significance: "If we make a difference for our consumers, our people, and the world, success will find us."
- EARTH DAY 2012
These multimedia resources include exploring what it means to be sustainable; some practical solutions; the role of legislation; and finally, what we can learn from novelists' visions of a climate-changed world.
- Human Rights Watch World Report 2012
How have governments responded to the recent events in Libya, Syria, Egypt, and other countries such as Bahrain? Ken Roth of Human Rights Watch gives a masterly analysis of international reactions, including those of the U.S., France, India, China, Russia, Turkey, and the Arab League.
- No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn
How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
- New Models for Corporate Giving
Two experts from the world of philanthropy discuss a new kind of corporate citizenship. Today, companies are increasingly making more sophisticated contributions that build on employee expertise or that engage the experts to fight global poverty.
- Finance and the Good Society
Despite the financial industry's bad reputation in the wake of the financial crisis, finance could be one of the most powerful tools we have for solving our common problems. How can we harness it for the greater good? Robert Shiller has some groundbreaking ideas.
- The Race for What's Left: The Global Scramble for the World's Last Resources
As we run out of resources, the human race is at a pivotal point. We have two options: We can continue along the same path, leading to much of the planet becoming uninhabitable. Or we can create an alternative future where we use resources in a much more sustainable and frugal way.
- Global Ethics Corner: Ethics in Banking: Is There Hope for Wall Street?
The very public resignation of Goldman Sachs executive Greg Smith is the low point in a bad year for Wall Street. With the Occupy movement and a rumored recruiting crisis in mind, is there any hope left for Wall Street? Can the banks rebound and find a way to be ethical?
- Ethics Matter: Mary Ellen Iskenderian, CEO of Women's World Banking
CEO of Women's World Banking Iskenderian explains why investing in women makes so much sense. She also tackles the recent critiques of microfinance and discusses how it is evolving.
- Power, Inc.: The Epic Rivalry Between Big Business and Government--and the Reckoning That Lies Ahead
David Rothkopf issues a wake-up call to Americans: We have to drop our knee-jerk, partisan attitudes and ask, "What will produce the kind of society that we want to have?" We also have to stop assuming that U.S. capitalism and U.S. views will be dominant in the future.
- Seth Lazar on Self-Defense in War
Does all killing in war come down to self-defense? This view makes a lot of intuitive sense, but it turns out to pose a serious challenge to the traditional view of just war theory. What about civilians, for example? Philosopher Seth Lazar explores this complex issue.
- In A G-Zero World, It's Every Nation For Itself
The new book by Carnegie Council Trustee Ian Bremmer provides a fresh perspective on world politics, writes reviewer Devin Stewart. Some of his conclusions are startling; Bremmer therefore warns his book is not "the feel-good movie of the year."
- The Responsibility to Protect: A New International Norm?
What is Responsibility to Protect exactly? Dutch Ambassador Herman Schaper gives an expert talk on how it developed, how it is defined, how it was implemented in Libya, and what are the implications for the future.
- Do World Bank Country Classifications Hurt the Poor?
The incoming World Bank president should create a more sophisticated system for classifying countries as low or middle income, using broad development indicators.
- The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations
According to Michael Ross, it's no coincidence that major oil-producing countries have less democracy, fewer opportunities for women, more frequent civil wars, and more volatile economic growth than the rest of the world.
- Common Good and the Crisis of Globalization
The idea that our self-interests are always bound in some way to the interests of others takes on a new dimension in the age of globalization. Establishing the common good in the 21st century will depend on forging common interests around issues of global concern.
- DarkMarket: Cyberthieves, Cybercops, and You
If you use a computer or a credit card, watch out! Governments, companies, and individuals are losing billions of dollars a year fighting an ever-morphing, often invisible, and often supersmart new breed of criminal: the hacker.
- Carnegie Council Partners with Best-Selling Textbook, "World Politics: Trend and Transformation"
Used by more than 200 colleges in 20 countries, "World Politics" is one of the most popular and influential textbooks on the market today. And now Carnegie Council has created a multimedia supplement, which is freely available to all on iTunes U.
- Ethics Matter: Policymaker and Scholar Anne-Marie Slaughter
Anne-Marie Slaughter on the responsibility to protect: "I believe in a values-based foreign policy and looking to cooperate as often as I can. I also think that's basic self-interest. We don't do well when we go in without the support of other nations."
- Why Are We Surprised at Egypt's Backlash against Foreign NGOs?
The outrage over Egypt's arrest of 43 NGO workers, at least 16 of whom are American, is understandable and well deserved. But it also speaks to a little acknowledged paradox: These organizations are conducting democracy-building work that would never be tolerated in the U.S.
- Carnegie Council Turns 98 and Launches Centennial Projects
"This is an adventure such as has never been tried before," announced Andrew Carnegie, as he launched what is now the Carnegie Council. And almost 100 years later, we continue to have a bold vision for the future.
- Winners of the 2011 International Student/Teacher Essay Contest, "Making a Difference"
Carnegie Council announces the results of its 2011 International Student/Teacher Essay Competition, "Making a Difference." Winners are from Nepal, India, the UK, and the U.S.A., with honorable mentions for essays from the U.S.A. and Kenya.
- 2nd Prize Postgraduate and Teacher Category, "Making a Difference" Essay Contest, 2011
We've developed an understanding of "sustainability" that indicates that we can "switch" to something else and be okay, but the hard truth that no politician and very few environmentalists want to say is that merely "switching" may not be enough.
- 1st Prize Postgraduate and Teacher Category, "Making a Difference" Essay Contest, 2011
My students are always shocked to realize that the global environment is one interconnected system. We have only one ocean mass, one land, and one atmosphere. For sustainability to prevail, this interconnectedness needs to be understood and experienced at all levels of society.
- All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals
David Scheffer was at the forefront of the efforts leading to criminal tribunals for the Balkans, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia. His quest has been to "to discover the right formula, in ever-changing international circumstances, to confront monstrous evil and to do so in the courtroom."
- Lessons from the Old Guard: Can Gen Y Best the Challenges that Bettered the Baby Boom?
Fresh out of college, and frustrated with his own generation's political apathy, Brian Till set out to interview the former world leaders he most admired, including Bill Clinton and Vaclav Havel. What can Gen Y'ers learn from these leaders' successes and failures?
- Ethics Matter: Philosopher Thomas Pogge, Crusader for Global Justice
In this fascinating conversation, Thomas Pogge explains how growing up in post-war Germany awakened him to injustice. He lays out his plan for reforming the pharmaceutical industry, and much more.
- Public Parts: How Sharing in the Digital Age Improves the Way We Work and Live
Well-known blogger Jeff Jarvis celebrates what he calls the "emerging age of publicness," arguing that anything we have to fear in this new networked world is overwhelmingly outweighed by all the good that will come from it.
- A Single Roll of the Dice: Obama's Diplomacy with Iran
Trita Parsi recounts the previously unknown story of American and Iranian negotiations during Obama's early years as president, and the real reasons for their current stalemate. Contrary to prevailing opinion, Parsi contends that diplomacy has not been fully tried.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2012 with Ian Bremmer
What are the biggest political risks in 2012, and the associated ethical decisions? Political risk guru Ian Bremmer discusses his annual list, and his conclusions may surprise you.
- A Look at Global Sustainability, with a Focus on China
Carnegie Council's Evan O'Neil ponders the future of mega-cities, and leading Chinese environmentalist Ma Jun discusses China's air and water crisis and the work of his watchdog group, the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, which names and shames the worst polluters.
- Unpaid Internships: Is Free Labor Fair Labor?
Unpaid internships are a valuable and sometimes necessary experience for college students and recent graduates, especially in light of the global financial crisis. But is this really a fair labor practice and does it just give an unfair advantage to more well-off job-seekers?
- Global Ethics Corner: Was Durban Doomed?
With the 17th annual global climate change talks foundering in Durban, little hope is left for a worldwide initiative designed to combat global warming. Will local efforts be enough or does this latest setback truly doom a future of sustainability and worldwide cooperation?
- Justice for Hedgehogs
"The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing." Ronald Dworkin argues for one big thing: the unity of value. He asserts that value is what makes sense of how we act as individuals, how we relate to others, and how we construct our lives.
- Disruptive Management: Fostering Transparency, Dialogue, and Innovation in Today's Business Climate
Technological innovation and the spread of social media have created a bevy of new considerations for companies, such as learning how to engage in meaningful dialogue with their stakeholders--including their employees.
- Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science
In this fascinating talk, theoretical physicist Michael Nielsen describes today's groundbreaking new era, where scientists, mathematicians, and ordinary people worldwide are working together online to solve problems and expand scientific knowledge.
- Ken Kraft on Leadership and Ethics Training in Financial Institutions
The two most important leadership attributes are empathy and humility, says Ken Kraft. He works with Bank of New York Mellon employees in 36 countries around the world to promote a culture of leadership and ethics within the organization.
- Ethics Matter: Economist and Development Expert Jeffrey Sachs
Jeffrey Sachs discusses America's economic and moral crisis; development aid; the Occupy Wall Street movement; and the mobilization of youth around the world, fighting for the basic principles of freedom, justice, and equality.
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
Looking back at the truly revolutionary rise in global living standards over the last 150 years, what have we learned about economic policies? There are clear lessons about what works and what doesn't, says Sylvia Nasar, author of "A Beautiful Mind."
- The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade
In 2010, global military expenditure was roughly $1.6 trillion--that's $235 for every person on earth. This has profound impacts, from the perpetuation of conflict, to the corrosion of democracy, to massive socioeconomic costs.
- Ian Hurd on International Law and Security
"I would disagree with those who suggest international law doesn't really matter. If we look at what states do, they work very hard to marshal legal resources behind their foreign policy choices. They clearly care very much about being seen as following international law."
- Re-Imagining a Global Ethic
"A global ethic makes it possible for us to agree to disagree about ultimate questions, provided we have the philosophical clarity that comes from that process of adversarial justification," says Ignatieff in this thoughtful and challenging talk.
- Global Ethics Corner: Privacy and Responsibility on the Internet: Who Should Control your Identity on the Web?
Who should control your Internet identity? In an age when bills are paid via PayPal, relationships are forged over Facebook, and revolutions are fueled by Twitter, these questions take on great prominence. How we answer them may define the Internet for years to come.
- International Reporting and the Brave New World of New Journalism
Veteran journalist Barbara Crossette discusses how international reporting has changed dramatically over the last few decades: new dangers, new competitors, and new ethical and professional challenges.
- The Darwin Economy: Liberty Competition and the Common Good
Should economic policies be guided less by economist Adam Smith and more by naturalist Charles Darwin? Robert Frank thinks so, and has some provocative tax reform proposals.
- The Climate Change Novel: A Faulty Simulator of Environmental Politics
Ultimatums. Floods. Ecotage. More than 200 novels have been written that imagine life in a climate-changed world, and they point to some of the fundamental difficulties we have in articulating a just and sustainable future.
- Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
"It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."
- But Will the Planet Notice?: How Smart Economics Can Save the World
You recycle? You turn down plastic and paper? Good. But none of that will save the tuna or stop global warming. If you want to make the planet notice, follow the economics, says Gernot Wagner.
- PepsiCo's Donna Hrinak on Public Policy and Business in Latin America
In a wide-ranging conversation, former U.S. ambassador Donna Hrinak discusses her regional responsibilities in Latin America, and her global work with other food and beverage companies, together with NGOs, to make packaged foods and drinks healthier.
- Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order
The U.S. may no longer be a unipolar power, but the world order it helped create is alive and well. The rise of other nations and the deepening of economic and security interdependence have resulted from the success and expansion of the postwar liberal order, not its breakdown.
- Entering India: Creating an Ethical Multicultural Business
In this interactive, case-based workshop, CEO Ashok Vasudevan shares how he bought a failing company and turned it into an ethical, innovative, and highly successful business. Although the business is in India, he points out that the ethical issues are universal.
- America the Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime, and Warfare
From the personal to the corporate to the national, our data is constantly at risk, says Joel Brenner. But it's like gravity; there's not much we can do about it. We just have to learn to live with the situation, stay alert, and limit potential damage.
- Global Ethics Corner: Occupy Wall Street: Does Rising Income Inequality Threaten American Democracy?
Does rising income inequality pose a threat to American democracy? This question has long been taboo in American politics. Yet as "Occupy Wall Street" spreads across the United States, the political consequences of income inequality are grabbing headlines as never before.
- Ethics Matter: Conversation with Moral Philosopher Peter Singer
Utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer lives up to his beliefs, giving away 25-30 percent of his income to alleviate absolute poverty, and defending animal rights--or as he puts it, "extending equality beyond the species boundary." Here are his thoughts on these topics and more.
- Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh to Wall Street
Why pretend that economics is value free? It's a product of our civilization and riddled with moral judgements, says Sedlacek. By separating economics from ethics we have created a zombie, a monster without a soul. The two have to be put back together.
- Global Ethics Corner: Space Junk
According to NASA, over 135 million pieces of man-made metal debris orbit the Earth. While the space race may be over, someone's got to do the cleaning up. But who?
- SEPTEMBER SUSTAINABILITY MONTH 2011
This year's resources feature three forums on aspects of sustainability; a special profile of Mayor Michael Bloomberg; an essay on sustainability in China; a Global Ethics Corner on the proposed Keystone XL pipeline; and a teacher/student essay competition.
- Ethics Matter: Economist and Foreign Aid Specialist William Easterly
The best system for discovering new approaches is not to have one planner at the top trying to decide what are going to be the successful innovations, says Bill Easterly. It's to have lots and lots of people at the bottom experimenting and finding their own innovations.
- New Reproductive Technologies Are Not a Panacea
Investing in the future of women would have been more expensive than providing methods for reducing their numbers, and it would have taken longer to yield results, but it would have been a good in itself.
- Yahoo! and YouTube: Balancing Human Rights and Business
How do companies such as Yahoo! and YouTube decide on whether disturbing material should be banned from their sites? What are the free speech and human rights issues involved? What guidelines do they use? This fascinating workshop discusses specific cases.
- Sustainability Leader Michael Bloomberg
As part of our September Sustainability Month, the Carnegie Council honors Mayor Michael Bloomberg for his values-based vision and environmental leadership--both local and global.
- SUSTAINABILITY FORUM: What Individuals Can Do
What is the most important thing a person can do to have a sustainable impact? From consumer purchases to political action, how should we prioritize solutions?
- In an Era of Increased Transparency, A New Approach to Business Branding
As he retools Lipman, a New York advertising agency, Michael Mendenhall discusses a new approach to branding. He also talks about how companies' ethics are on display in an era of increased transparency, and how they can turn transparency into a business advantage.
- "Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power" by Richard W. Miller [Full Text]
In "Globalizing Justice," Miller argues that although we have a limited duty to respond to "neediness as such," the major source of our "vast, unmet global responsibility" to help the global poor is a duty not to take advantage of their deprivation when pursuing our own goals.
- Global Ethics Corner: Genocide Denial in Rwanda: Dealing with the Past or Subverting Democracy?
Do laws that make it a crime to deny the existence of genocide help to lessen the chances of renewed conflict? Or, do they stifle freedom of speech--and risk eliminating political dissent? These are the questions currently debated in Rwanda.
- Happy Park(ing) Day 2011
Urban advocates, planners, officials, and artists join forces each September to install miniature parks and pop-up cafes in parking spaces normally reserved for cars.
- SUSTAINABILITY FORUM: The Population and Sustainability Debate
According to UN projections, our world will be home to more than 9 billion people by 2050, increasing competition for livable space and critical resources such as water. What ethical standards should guide the debate about reproduction and sustainability? What do you think?
- That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back
What can America do as it faces four major challenges--globalization, the revolution in information technology, chronic deficits, and its energy consumption?
- In Search of a Global Ethic
Life on earth is fast becoming a shared destiny, and a global ethic is no longer a luxury but a necessity. If we can create a world where empathy, responsibility, and humility are taken seriously, then the search for a global ethic need not be in vain.
- SUSTAINABILITY FORUM: What are the Limitations and Benefits of the Sustainability Approach?
Is sustainability the only, or even the most desirable framework for environmental issues? What are the limitations and benefits of the sustainability approach, and what kind of alternative conceptual approaches may be preferable? What do you think?
- The U.S. Credit Rating Downgrade: What Does it Mean?
Is the U.S. no longer the center of the economic universe? Credit expert Ann Rutledge discusses the recent credit rating downgrade of the U.S. economy and tackles the deeper underlying economic and moral issues, such as attitudes towards risk.
- The Ethics of the Nuclear Security Summit Process
This paper examines the ethical questions around two intertwined 21st century issues: nuclear terrorism and the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process. Does the process take into account the principles of pluralism, fairness, and rights and responsibilities?
- A Win-Win: Communications Technology and Global Health
David Aylward specializes in a new sector called mobile health, which uses cell phone and other communications technology to connect poor patients in developing nations to high-level health care. He is working to educate corporations about the opportunities in these markets.
- Love and Legislation: The International Politics of Inter-country Adoption
In an era supposedly characterized by a desire for pluralism, multi-culturalism, and hybridity, the many dilemmas of inter-country adoption demonstrate how far we have come, but also how far we still have to go.
- Ireland's Tough Path to Economic Recovery
What brought down the Celtic Tiger and will it rise again? Barry O'Leary, head of IDA Ireland (Industrial Development Agency), explains how and why Ireland went from boom to bust, and how foreign direct investment can play a role in its recovery.
- Legislating Transparency in the Extractive Sector: Will the Securities and Exchange Commission Take the Lead?
The SEC has an opportunity to demonstrate that the United States takes transparency and accountability seriously and intends to act as a global leader in fostering secure, equitable, long-term resource partnerships with developing nations.
- Legislating Transparency in the Extractive Sector
The SEC has an opportunity to demonstrate that the United States takes transparency and accountability seriously and intends to act as a global leader in fostering secure, equitable, long-term resource partnerships with developing nations.
- Ethics Matter: Microfinance Pioneer Susan Davis
Microfinance started as a movement for social justice and women's equality and gave birth to an industry, says Davis. This gave rise to scale, efficiency, and large numbers of people being served--over 150 million of the world's poorest households.
- Mindy S. Lubber: Working with Companies to Address Sustainability Challenges
Even though U.S. public policies are often lagging behind, pressures from shareholders and investors, greater transparency, and heightened risk awareness are all contributing to a new focus on sustainability for many companies, says Mindy Lubber.
- Leif Wenar on Natural Resources and Clean Trade Policies
Consumers in countries that import natural resources are often unwittingly in business with dictators, corrupt officials, and armed groups, says Leif Wenar. Yet we could change our laws to make powerful groups in exporting countries more accountable to their own people.
- Shooting the Global City
Photographer and arts educator Mathew Pokoik has traveled the world crafting a unique vision of The Global City, from jumbled bazaars stacked with goods to simulated landscapes and advertising saturation.
- Rise of the Rest IV: Critical Regions in Crisis
Optimistic and bleak by turns, a panel of experts analyzes the dilemmas facing the rising and existing powers--from protests across the Middle East, to the earthquake and nuclear disaster in Japan, to rising food and oil prices across the world.
- Follow the Money: Krishen Mehta on Capital Flight
How does capital flight work and how big a problem is it? Krishen Mehta of Global Financial Integrity (GFI) explains that in total, developing countries lose close to $1 trillion every year, of which 65 percent is related to commercial tax evasion.
- Going Green: Initiatives in the Workplace
Michael Ellis, from the sustainability consulting firm GreenOrder, discusses how companies can work with employees to make sure they're onboard with green initiatives--and why that's such an important part of green workplaces.
- Ethics Matter: Political Scientist and Economist Francis Fukuyama
How does Francis Fukuyama view state formation, normative issues, and human behavior? Does he believe (as Andrew Carnegie did) that history moves in an upward direction and we can eventually put an end to war? This fascinating interview explores these questions and more.
- EARTH DAY 2011
To mark Earth Day 2011, we present a selection of our resources from the past year on climate change, the environment, and sustainability. They range from pioneering solutions for everyday living, to calls for international policies that go far beyond our current system.
- Scott Belsky on Making Ideas Happen
Scott Belsky's mission is to organize and empower creative professionals. "There's so much talk about how to be more creative, but there isn't enough discussion about the execution side of the equation--how can individuals and teams better execute and follow through on their ideas."
- The Good Book: A Humanist Bible
Philosopher A.C. Grayling has created a non-religious Bible that draws from the wealth of secular literature and philosophy in both Western and Eastern traditions. Whatever your beliefs, you will find food for thought in this wise and witty talk.
- How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance
We're living in a multi-polar, multi-civilizational world, says Parag Khanna, and the old rules no longer apply. Increasingly, states, international organizations, NGOs, and corporations must work in partnerships and find ways to strengthen mutual accountability.
- The World Ahead: Conflict or Cooperation?
After the Cold War, Fukuyama, Huntington, and Mearsheimer each presented a bold vision of what the driving forces of world politics would be. Yet all have proved to be out of step with recent U.S. foreign policy. Is there a fourth vision for the world ahead?
- Valid Solutions for Malnutrition
Health and nutrition pioneer Steve Collins is building a social enterprise to battle severe acute malnutrition with ready-to-use therapeutic foods grown and manufactured in the developing world.
- Zhang Yue: A Call for Discipline in a World Out of Control
Air conditioning pioneer Zhang Yue has bold ideas for energy efficiency, sustainable buildings, and corporate culture: discipline today to preserve life in the future.
- Rahim Kanani Interviews Joel Rosenthal
Joel Rosenthal gives his assessment of President Obama's foreign policy, the Middle East and North Africa protests, the WikiLeaks revelations, U.S. leadership in the age of globalization, the future of U.S. diplomatic engagement, and much more.
- Interview with John Tessitore, Editor of Ethics & International Affairs Journal
As Ethics & International Affairs journal celebrates its 25th anniversary and its move to Cambridge University Press, Editor John Tessitore discusses the journal's mission, its themes, its peer-review process, and its global reach.
- The Unfinished Global Revolution: The Pursuit of a New International Politics
Is the world ready to embrace more powerful international institutions and the values needed to underpin a truly globalist agenda--the rule of law, human rights, and opportunity for all?
- Better Safe than Sorry
Corporate executives should never have to apologize for violations when they can instead build global opportunities by advancing human rights.
- The End of Arrogance: America in the Global Competition of Ideas
Free market capitalism, Western culture, democracy—the ideas that shaped 20th century world politics and underpinned U.S. foreign policy—have lost a good deal of their strength. Authority is now more contested and power more diffused. How should the U.S. meet these challenges?
- Is Famine the New Norm?
If we truly consider world hunger an abomination, and not merely an investment opportunity, big changes need to be made in food policy.
- The Next Decade: Where We've Been...and Where We're Going
The challenge of the next decade is not American power, says George Friedman. It is the preservation of the republic through a management of the international system that faces the fact that, intended or not, we're an empire. So long as we refuse to face that, we can't be effective.
- The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom
Amid the euphoria about the power of the Internet and social media, Morozov sounds a note of caution. He reminds us that these tools can also entrench dictators, threaten dissidents, and make it harder--not easier--to promote democracy.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2011
In this lively discussion, economist Daniel Altman, political scientist/risk expert Ian Bremmer, and economic and political analyst Zachary Karabell present what each sees as the top risks for this year—-and well beyond.
- Global Ethics Corner: 2011 Top Risks and Ethical Decisions
The annual announcement from the Eurasia Group of top global risks is here. Do you agree with their choice of fundamental issues for 2011?
- Ethics Matter: Chris Brown, LSE Professor of International Relations
Chris Brown reveals the roots of his current thinking, and discusses his views on Marxism, human rights, humanitarian intervention, direct versus representational democracy, and cosmopolitanism versus communitarianism.
- Suicide Terror and the Preoccupation with Occupation
According to Robert Pape, suicide bombers the world over are not motivated by religion; they are all secular nationalists resisting foreign occupation. Is there really a single explanation? Erik Schechter disagrees and musters evidence to prove it.
- Negotiating with Evil: When to Talk to Terrorists
When, how, and under what conditions should governments talk to terrorists? Can opening a dialogue bring conflicts to a faster resolution?
- Rare Earths Diplomacy
The world should expect China to leverage its dominance in rare earth elements to climb up the manufacturing value chain and build green technologies in its push to modernize.
- Global Ethics Corner: Handpicking Successors and the Brazilian Elections
Brazil's President Lula da Silva handpicked Dilma Rousseff as his successor, even though she has never held political office. How important is continuity in governments? Is handpicking a successor acceptable in order to win an election or to direct a government? What do you think?
- Peer-to-Peer Microfinance Empowers Young Entrepreneurs
United Youth Development Organization facilitates peer-to-peer microlending between young people to tap their energy and innovation for sustainable entrepreneurship and development.
- Global Ethics Corner: Neo-liberalism and Welfare
Do markets promote the greatest good for the greatest number? What do you think? Should long-term economic growth, promised by a free market, be prioritized over concerns about inequality? How do you balance a society's need both to create wealth and insure welfare?
- Welcome to the Urban Revolution
We must become masters of a sustainable, just, and ecological urbanism writes Jeb Brugmann in his analysis of how the advantages of urban settlement are changing our societies and the face of the Earth.
- What Technology Wants
In a brand-new view of technology, co-founder of "Wired" magazine Kevin Kelly suggests that it is not just a jumble of wires and metal. He argues that technology is actually a living, evolving organism that has its own unconscious needs and tendencies.
- Sustainable Societies
What will it take to build sustainable societies? The panel includes Sartaz Ahmed of Booz and Company on building sustainable cities; Larry Burns (formerly of GM) on clean vehicles; and architect Joan Krevlin on green buildings.
- SEPTEMBER SUSTAINABILITY MONTH 2010
Here are the resources from the Carnegie Council's second annual SEPTEMBER SUSTAINABILITY MONTH, which include events, articles, videos, and a teacher/student competition. This launches a full year of sustainability programming, from September 2010 to June 2011.
- Recycling Global Imbalances
Is the United States at long last getting serious about global imbalances, or are we risking currency wars that can end in unmitigated disaster for all?
- The Missing MDG
Access to sustainable, affordable, and clean energy sources underpins the ability to realize all the Millennium Development Goals.
- Grand Strategies: Literature, Statecraft, and World Order
Reading classical literature teaches us that there are seldom clear answers to real-life dilemmas, says Charles Hill. It gives us the breadth of knowledge to realize that a multitude of factors need to be taken into account.
- EIA Interview: Mathias Risse on Justice and Common Ownership of the Earth
Philosopher Mathias Risse discusses his concept of common ownership of the earth--the equal claim of each person to the planet and its resources--and what this means for worldwide immigration policies and for climate change refugees, for example.
- Ethics in Business: Interview with Ian Yolles, Chief Marketing Officer at RecycleBank
RecycleBank's mission is to entice consumers to recycle with a rewards system similar to frequent flyer programs. "You can think of it, in a sense, as a form of behavioral economics, a carrot-versus-stick approach."
- Reviving Nuclear Ethics: A Renewed Research Agenda for the Twenty-First Century [Abstract]
Since the end of the Cold War, international ethicists have focused largely on issues outside the traditional scope of security studies. The nuclear ethics literature needs to be revived and reoriented to address the new and evolving 21st century nuclear threats and policy responses.
- WATER: Resources from Carnegie Council
Lack of clean water causes the death of at least five million people every year. As part of its second annual SEPTEMBER SUSTAINABILITY MONTH, the Carnegie Council presents a collection of materials on this essential natural resource.
- Eco Innovations: Small Spark, Big Impact
How do sustainable innovations make it to market? Three very different inventors talk about their creative process, how their inventions have had a social impact, and what a more sustainable society might look like.
- Forty Years After Friedman: What is the Proper Role of Business in Society?
In 1970 Milton Friedman published an article entitled "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Its Profits." In light of current business problems, such as the BP oil spill,what is the social responsibility of companies today?
- Journalism Students Interview Policy Innovations
Indian Institute of Journalism & New Media students interview editor Devin T. Stewart on how journalists can use social media for newsgathering, research, interviews, crowdsourcing, and publishing.
- Facing the Crises of our Time: The United Nations and the United States in the 21st Century
"The UN can do better and it can do more, and when the U.S. is fully committed the chance of success is always greater. The UN is imperfect but indispensable. Our challenge is to build upon its strengths and address its weaknesses in the most constructive way."
- Ethics in Business: Interview with Christoph Lueneburger, Sustainability Practice Leader
Christoph Lueneburger is the leader of the sustainability practice and the U.S. private equity practice at Egon Zehnder International, a human capital advisory firm. His prior career includes water investment, and he has brought sustainability into both his personal and professional life.
- NWFZs: Pursuing a World Free of Nuclear Weapons
Today there are five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, yet only one has been fully ratified. Sadly, the reservations of the nuclear weapon states, specifically those of the United States, hinder the success and complete denuclearization of these designated zones.
- Carnegie Council Launches Year of Programming on Sustainability
Carnegie Council's second annual SEPTEMBER SUSTAINABILITY MONTH launches a full year of sustainability programming, September 2010 to June 2011, including events, articles, and a teacher/student competition.
- Is Peace Worth Fighting For?
Peace is worth fighting for--but that doesn't mean a blank check for military options, writes Joel Rosenthal. There are better, smarter, more moral ways to fight.
- Should We Stop the Next Genocide?
Should the United States, as the world's greatest military power, use its might to prevent the next outbreak of ethnic violence from turning into a full-fledged genocide? The answer is not an easy one, writes security affairs analyst Erik Schechter.
- Altered Genes and Their Vendors
The evidence on both sides of the genetic modification debate is inconclusive, but attentive regulation could ensure crop safety in developed and developing countries.
- Ethics for a 21st Century Army: Creating a Code of Professional Military Ethics
Major Chris Case (West Point) and David Rodin (Oxford University): What are the basic principles that should guide professional soldiers in the 21st century?
- NUCLEAR WEAPONS, 2010
Sixty-five years after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear weapons remain one of the greatest dangers we face. Today the world has an estimated 23,000 nuclear weapons, the equivalent of about 150,000 Hiroshima bombs.
- Ethics in Business: Interview with Digital Activist Mary Joyce
Joyce, who worked on Obama's campaign, defines digital activism as the use of digital technology in campaigns for social and political change. But technology is just another tool. Strategy must come first.
- Diversifying Diplomacy
Independent Diplomat's goal of giving diplomatic assistance on a not-for-profit basis fills a niche in international politics and may broaden the understanding of diplomacy in the context of globalization.
- Declaration of Support for an Efficient Renewable Energy Future
Fossil fuel business as usual courts ecological catastrophe, resource wars, failed states, and mass migration of the desperate. Ten prominent clean energy analysts, researchers, and engineers voice their support for eliminating 80 percent of fossil fuel use in the next 20 years.
- Brain Scan Lie Detection
Brain scan data can be powerfully persuasive, but has the science behind it progressed far enough to warrant its use in the courtroom?
- Ethics and International Relations in Today's Classrooms without Borders
Today's students come to the classroom inundated with information from a myriad of electronic sources. This essay focuses on ethical issues that students of international relations are likely to confront.
- Beyond the NPT
Doctors Roald Sagdeev and Frank von Hippel have collaborated for decades on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation between the U.S. and the USSR. They discuss their work and their insights for the future arms control agenda.
- Can Ethics Save Investors?
It is time for ethical conduct to graduate from being a cost of doing business associated with compliance, to a more prominent role as a standard business practice.
- Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction
After wars end, what steps should countries take to consolidate peace? Graciana del Castillo identifies five premises that are necessary for war economies to transition into sustainable and productive markets.
- Future Leaders and Global Business Values: The IBM Worldwide Student Survey
How do the views of today's students and CEOs differ with regard to business on a shared planet? IBM engages with the Council's Carnegie New Leaders and the Workshops for Ethics in Business program to understand these emerging perspectives.
- Simulating Environmental Diplomacy
Incorporating environmental issues in conflict resolution may have positive psychological effects on the willingness of parties to cooperate.
- Public Ethics Radio: Matthew Rimmer on Intellectual Property and Clean Technology
Matthew Rimmer discusses intellectual-property policy for clean technologies. How do we both create new technologies and spread them as widely as possible? We need climate-friendly technology to be used everywhere, including in developing countries with limited resources.
- Global Justice and the Social Determinants of Health [Full Text]
The final report of the WHO's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health is the first to apply social epidemiological analysis to global health.
- Green Bonds: Devin Stewart Interviews Christopher Flensborg
Banker Chris Flensborg is one of the pioneers who developed green bonds. Issued by the World Bank, these bonds give institutional investors the opportunity to earmark their investments into climate-friendly projects.
- Afghan Women: Artfully Unforgotten
Afghan women are the last ones to see themselves as merely victims. The creative nonprofit Artfully Unforgotten helps tell their stories of resilience through artistic media.
- The Betrayal of American Prosperity: Free Market Delusions, America's Decline, and How We Must Compete in the Post-Dollar Era
Clyde Prestowitz argues that the U.S. is rapidly losing the basis of its wealth and power, as well as its freedom of action and independence. If we do not make dramatic changes quickly, we will confront a painful, permanent slide in our standard of living.
- Global Ethics Corner: Development Aid
Should the U.S. be helping developing countries when it has its own dramatic domestic problems?
- Book Review: Ethics & International Affairs: A Reader, Third Edition
"...this is a fantastic, easily accessible and well-written series of contributions," writes Brent J. Steele. "...these are selections from some of the most serious, vibrant, and esteemed scholars in today's field of international ethics."
- The End of the Free Market: Who Wins the War Between States and Corporations?
Ian Bremmer demonstrates the growing challenge that state capitalism will pose for the entire global economy, and what free market nations must do to protect their economies as this new system gains popularity.
- Global Ethics Corner: After the War on Terror
Will the next dominant international conflict be between state capitalism and free market capitalism? Will it supplant the war on terror? What do you think?
- "The End of the Free Market:" Devin Stewart Interviews Ian Bremmer
In a discussion about his latest book, Ian Bremmer analyzes the troubled relationship between the U.S. and China, and the rise of what he calls "state capitalism"--where the state is the principal actor and there is an absence of the rule of law.
- After START--What Next? David Speedie Interviews Jayantha Dhanapala
Jayantha Dhanapala, former under-secretary-general for Disarmament Affairs at the UN, gives his views on "getting to zero" on nuclear weapons.
- The Evolution of God
Robert Wright's astute analysis uses game theory: a religion that sees itself in a zero-sum relationship with outsiders will prove exclusionist and violent, while a religion that sees itself in a non-zero-sum relationship will adjust its theology accordingly. What does this mean for the future?
- Global Ethics Corner: Global Fertility and U.S. Politics
How do we meet the massive global issue of fertility without being mired in the abortion debate?
- Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy
Raghuram Rajan traces the deepening fault lines in a world overly dependent on the indebted U.S. consumer to power global economic growth, and where the U.S. has growing inequality and a thin social safety net. If these flaws are not fixed, we should be prepared for an even more serious financial crisis.
- Carnegie New Leaders Join Next Generation Project Assembly on U.S. Grand Strategy
Is Obama's administration guided by a fresh approach to global strategy, as he promised? Fifty Next Generation Project Fellows, including five Carnegie Council New Leaders, met in Washington to make an assessment. Here are their findings.
- Global Ethics Corner: Are We Born Good?
Are babies born with the morality they need or do they learn it from society? Is morality a biological trait that builds communities through enlightened self-interest, or does it come from a spiritual being? What do you think?
- Faith and Power: Religion and Politics in the Middle East
Bernard Lewis is one of the world's foremost Western scholars on Islam. In this eloquent talk he shares some of his knowledge, and explains how the different world views held by Christians and Muslims can lead to misunderstanding.
- The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities Are Reshaping the World
Ben Wildavsky shows how international competition for the brightest minds is transforming the world of higher education, and why this revolution should be welcomed, not feared.
- TOP TEN 2009: The Most Downloaded "Ethics & International Affairs" Articles
Wiley-Blackwell has just issued its 2009 report on the Council's quarterly journal, "Ethics & International Affairs." These are the ten most downloaded articles from the Wiley-Blackwell site.
- The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity
What, asks Oxford economist Paul Collier, are realistic and sustainable solutions to correcting the mismanagement of the natural world? Can an international standard be established to resolve the complex issues of unchecked profiteering on the one hand and environmental romanticism on the other?
- Global Ethics Corner: The U.S.: Shedding Hegemony with Grace
Should the U.S. shed some global ambitions and responsibilities? Or, is America's global role simply too important, both to the U.S. and the world? What do you think?
- Rise of the Rest
The Council's "Rise of the Rest" project focuses not on decline of existing powers but on the emergence of others. The U.S. should accept these developments for what they are, recognize the interests of others, and see opportunity for burden sharing rather than threat to primacy.
- How the Economy Works: Confidence, Crashes, and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
We need to synthesize the idea that a free-market economy is a self-correcting mechanism and the Keynesian principle that capitalism needs some guidance, says UCLA economist Roger Farmer. The goal is to correct the excesses without stifling entrepreneurship and instituting central planning.
- The Fate of the Paperless
Detention centers are on the rise as a means to control illegal immigration, while reports of human rights abuse and rising financial costs call into question their effectiveness.
- CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABILITY
To mark Earth Day, we present this selection of Carnegie Council resources. They address ways to cope with the alarming changes brought about by climate change and the increasing degradation of our environment.
- Global Ethics Corner: The Irony of Nuclear Weapons?
This short video on ethics asks: Are nuclear weapons a necessary evil? Is it better to live in a world with nuclear deterrence or one that is free of nuclear threats? What do you think?
- How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace
Diplomatic engagement with rivals, far from being appeasement, is critical to rapprochement between adversaries, says Charles Kupchan, and diplomacy, not economic interdependence, creates the path to peace.
- Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization
Everything hinges on water; it is essential to life and to civilization. Will there be enough fresh water for 9 billion of us by 2050? In this talk, journalist Steven Solomon discusses the impending global water crisis.
- Rage against Virtual Rape
It is up to the Japanese to decide what regulations the nation wants to prescribe for sex industry software.
- It's Been a Year... Some Thoughts on the Obama Administration
This collection presents perspectives on some of the many challenges facing the new administration. A little over a year is a short time, but is Obama fulfilling his promises?
- Recent Advances in the Prevention of Mass Violence
How can we prevent mass violence? Drawing on insights from leaders in the field, David Hamburg identifies the clear warnings that always appear long before genocide erupts and the critical points of entry for early help to countries with troubled intergroup relations.
- Freedom for Sale: Why the World Is Trading Democracy for Security
From Russia and China to the U.S. and the U.K., many seemingly dissimilar countries have an "unwritten pact," under which, consciously or not, the population trades some of their democratic rights for better living standards and political stability.
- Global Economic Policy and Human Rights: Three Sites of Disconnection
In this critical post-financial crisis period, Margot Salomon of LSE underscores the demands that international human rights law place on a more ethical form of economic globalization.
- Obama's "New" Trade Policy: What Happened to Multilateralism?
The Obama administration's new trade agenda shows little consideration for developing countries and may hurt the United States in the long run.
- Taming the Gods: Religion and Democracy on Three Continents
Focusing on Muslims in Europe, Ian Buruma argues that religions (including Islam) and liberal democracies are compatible, despite many peoples' fears. Democracy allows space for religion as long as believers obey their society's laws.
- Rise of the Rest III: Climate Change, Energy, and Global Governance after the Financial Crisis
This panel focuses on global governance since the financial crisis, in particular on climate change, energy security, and issues of consensus, common ethics, and trust.
- Darrel Moellendorf on the Climate Change Negotiations in Copenhagen
Darrel Moellendorf (author of "Treaty Norms and Climate Change Mitigation") discusses what happened in Copenhagen and what it means for future negotiations on climate change.
- Deliberation and Global Criminal Justice: Juries in the International Criminal Court [Abstract]
Juries could bolster the ICC's legitimacy by promoting public trust, increasing procedural fairness, foregrounding deliberative reasoning, and embodying democratic values. ICC juries would present novel logistical, philosophical, and legal problems, but these could be overcome.
- Democracy in a Pluralist Global Order: Corporate Power and Stakeholder Representation [Abstract]
Global democratization cannot be achieved by simply replicating familiar democratic institutions on a global scale. We must explore alternative institutional means for establishing democratic institutions at the global level within the present pluralist structure of global power.
- Introduction [Full Text]
If global democratization is to advance beyond the current point, it is necessary to confront the practical challenge of institutional design: How might ideals of global democracy be put effectively into practice given the many constraints imposed by the existing global political order?
- Briefly Noted [Full Text]
This section contains a round-up of recent notable books in the field of international affairs.
- The Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward Cosmopolitan Democracy by Daniele Archibugi [Full Text]
This book provides not only an exhaustive treatment of the benefits and drawbacks of cosmopolitan democracy, but also the most detailed statement to date of how some form of cosmopolitan democracy could be realized, writes reviewer Luis Cabrera.
- War in an Age of Risk by Christopher Coker [Full Text]
This book adds several new elements to the relation between war and the risk society. They are anxiety, complexity, and the future, writes reviewer Claudia Aradau.
- Michael Doyle on Nonintervention and the Responsibility to Protect
What circumstances justify overriding sovereignty? Michael Doyle discusses the difficult questions surrounding nonintervention and the "unanimous revolution" of 2005, which led to the new norm known as the Responsibility to Protect.
- Public Procurement with a Conscience
Although efforts to adopt decent labor standards through free trade agreements are stymied on the international level, a network of activists are working to make ethical procurement a government priority in the United States.
- The Future of Capitalism and Danger of Returning to Business as Usual
When it comes to making sense of international finance and economics, the era of so-called scientific certainties is over. To address the structural challenges the world faces now, we need to explore the feasibility of global public policy.
- Defining Environmental Migrants
As the world attempts to solve the growth in climate migrants and refugees, accurate and legally justifiable definitions will be a crucial first step.
- Obama's Grade on Trade: B
Beyond the uncertain fate of trade agreements left over from the Bush years, President Obama has yet to implement the promises for trade reform he made on the campaign trail.
- Obama and Democracy Assistance: Challenges and Responses
Although Obama has largely avoided the term democracy assistance, in fact he has delivered a considered and astute response to overcoming Bush's tarnished legacy--a response which promises to deliver a more sophisticated and coherent brand of democracy assistance.
- Winners of the 2009 Student Contest "Making a Difference"
The Carnegie Council is delighted to announce the results of the 2009 Student Competition on Sustainability. The winners, two essays and a video, are posted in full.
- The Right to Move
A collection of essays from our joint Sophia University-Carnegie Council conference exploring the ethics of an international right to migration.
- Cosmopolitanism as Virtue
Without high levels of migration, and a related ethical commitment to cosmopolitanism, nation-states will fail to develop the individual and collective virtues suitable to "living well" in a global society.
- The Capabilities Approach and Collective Ownership of the Earth
If people of a particular country are using more than their proportionate share of the collectively owned planet, they should allow for immigration.
- Reconciling an Ethical Immigration Policy with the Nation-state Myth
Don't we, as collective owners and stewards of the Earth, have a basic right to move? Indeed, the right to move is necessary to realize basic human rights such as the right to life, food, and work.
- The Ethics of Language Choice in Immigration
Should language rights be understood as collective rights or individual rights? Do language rights entail active endorsement of immigrant languages on the part of the state, or only passive toleration in the private sphere?
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2010
What's next? Using Eurasia Group's Top Risks as a starting point for identifying the major global challenges in 2010, the panelists identify what they see on the horizon and discuss the ethical issues involved.
- Defining a Right to Move?
Beyond the ethical and practical arguments for immigration reform, the strongest case for an internationally recognized right to move may arise out of the "worst-case scenarios" of global climate change.
- Changing the Tide for Small Island Nations
A Tobin Tax on financial transactions could generate significant funds for climate change adaptation in vulnerable island states while also helping to stabilize the global financial system.
- Ending War in Our Lifetimes?
President Obama will need to discard old foreign policy doctrines and steer with a more global moral compass to meet the vision of eradicating war in our lifetime.
- "Universal Human Rights in a World of Difference" by Brooke A. Ackerly [Full Text]
In a book full of thought-provoking questions for theorists of human rights, Ackerly presents an "account of the normative legitimacy of human rights" that is distinctive in several respects.
- Briefly Noted [Full Text]
This section contains a round-up of recent notable books in the field of international affairs.
- "War, Torture and Terrorism: Rethinking the Rules of International Security" Edited by Anthony F. Lang, Jr., and Amanda Russell Beattie [Full Text]
This volume provides a fresh and engaging set of discussions, approaches, and case studies on how rules established to promote peaceful international order can instead result in conflict.
- In Pursuit of Peace [Abstract]
Traditional international relations scholarship has concentrated on war, but has not provided deep theoretical consideration of the concept of peace.While the focus of each of these three books differs, they share a common goal: to better place "peace" into the study of international affairs.
- An Ethic of Political Reconciliation [Abstract]
The core proposition of this article is that reconciliation, both as a process and an end state, is a concept of justice. Its animating virtue is mercy and its goal is peace. These concepts are expressed most deeply in religious traditions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
- Introduction [Full Text]
This symposium is comprised of three key articles from a 2008 conference to honor Michael Walzer. Each article discusses one of the most fundamental aspects of Walzer's philosophy: the moral significance of statehood.
- The Moral Standing of States Revisited [Abstract]
"The Moral Standing of States" is the title of an essay Michael Walzer wrote in response to four critics of the theory of nonintervention defended in "Just and Unjust Wars." It states a theme to which he has returned in subsequent work. Beitz offers four sets of comments.
- Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration: An Interview with John Isaacs
John Isaacs, Executive Director of the Council for a Livable World, discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.
- Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration
John Isaacs discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.
- Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present
Should civil resistance be seen as potentially replacing violence completely, or as a phenomenon that operates in conjunction with, and as a modification of, power politics?
- Micro-donations Can Make a Massive Difference in Global Health
Policy Innovations talks with Bernard Salome, managing director of the Millennium Foundation, about raising funds for global health through small donations made when people purchase travel.
- America: Example or Moral Champion?
What is the U.S. role in the world? There are two extremes. Being an example, or employing forceful U.S. engagement and being a moral champion. Neither pole will or should prevail, but which might best drive America's interests?
- Prize-Winning Student Essay: Globalization and Opportunity
Katie Carns, winner of the Carnegie Council/Semester at Sea Student Competition, reflects on what she learned about other countries--and the U.S.--on her voyage through the Mediterrannean.
- Contested Governance in a Global-Corporate World
Can nation-states, global corporations, and civil society alliances stabilize in a new form of effective global governance?
- Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do?
Political philosopher Michael Sandel turns the Council into a classroom. Using questions such as military service, he engages the audience in a lively debate on what individuals owe society.
- How Rights Move: Losing and Acquiring Rights in the International Domain
David Rodin explores the logic which governs how rights may be lost, acquired and transferred--how they 'move'--and examines in particular the implications this has for the way we justify and prosecute war.
- Emerging Challenges in a Network World
In an increasingly interconnected world, soft power and engagement with all the world's players will become increasingly important--and that includes talking to Hamas and the Taliban, says Ancram.
- America Shouldn't Blow an Opportunity for Green Diplomacy
By not being a global leader on climate change over the past decade America has blown a major opportunity to engage in Green Diplomacy -- the strategic use of clean energy projects to boost development and security in poor countries.
- Public Ethics Radio: Christopher Heath Wellman on Immigration and Citizenship
From education and health care, to access to credit and the rule of law, a host of factors that influence quality of life depend simply on which side of a border a person is born on. Yet what could be more arbitrary, morally speaking, than where a person happens to be born?
- Future Challenges: The UN and the UNA. David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Miller
President and CEO of the UN Association of the USA, Ambassador Miller discusses the U.S. role in the world and the power of grass roots commitment. Citizens can change policy by reminding leaders of their obligations on issues such as climate change.
- Five to Rule Them All : The UN Security Council and the Making of the Modern World
What has been, is, and should be the role of the UN Security Council? Bosco chronicles its history--its successes and its failures—and concludes with some positive suggestions for the future.
- Smallpox--the Death of a Disease: The Inside Story of Eradicating a Worldwide Killer
Real-life hero D.A. Henderson reveals how a small but fiercely dedicated team under his direction succeeded in eliminating smallpox, a disease which had killed over half a billion people in the preceding 100 years.
- The Land Ethic
An economic restructuring based on a full understanding of the role of economic rent is needed for a new economic framework beyond both the old right and the old left.
- The Paradox of Securitization
The financial crisis has demonstrated that if we are going to act responsibly and make sound economic decisions from inside the capitalist framework, we need new models that deal with fraud risk.
- Power Rules: How Common Sense Can Rescue American Foreign Policy
How can America build partnerships and coalitions to solve today's global problems? Will the nation continue to dominate world affairs, or are we fast approaching a "post-America" era?
- End of ICE Age, Dawn of Smart Grid
The largest fuel shift in world history will push America's antiquated electricity system to evolve into a smart grid, and in the process it will also reshape the geopolitical energy map.
- Global Ethics Corner: When Your Island Sinks
By 2050 some estimate that climate change will displace 150 million people, but the displaced won't qualify as refugees under international law. What should be done about relocation?
- Minding Our Minerals
Certain resources are destined for depletion if they become locked into built infrastructure or recovery costs prove too high. But this could all change if more attention is paid globally to material cycling and consumer responsibility. We need a global strategy for efficient minerals extraction, use, and reclamation.
- The Idea of Justice
The traditional theory of social justice is out of touch with practical realities, says Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen. Instead he proposes a theory of comparative justice that is applicable to the real world.
- The Rise of Climate Protectionism
A new and dangerous form of trade and technology protectionism is fast emerging in the name of climate change, and it is poisoning North-South relations in two negotiating arenas.
- The Predictioneer's Game: Using the Logic of Brazen Self-Interest to See and Shape the Future
Iran, Iraq, Israel, and North Korea--all are rational players, acting in their own self-interest as they perceive it, and with game theory we can predict what they and other players will do next.
- Civilizing Globalization: Human Rights and the Global Economy
Policy Innovations interviews human rights expert David Kinley on his new book Civilising Globalisation: Human Rights and the Global Economy. Kinley explains his strategy for "principled engagement" with problematic states, a middle ground between the orthodoxies of ostracism and engagement.
- Global Ethics Corner: Whose Art Is It?
Should cultural treasures, acquired under dubious circumstances, be returned to their places of origin?
- Six Models for Brand-CSR Integration
Integrating CSR and brand development can be daunting without a road map. This analysis identifies six models that companies can readily replicate in their own situation.
- ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: On Goodhart's Global Democracy (A Critique)
In this critique of Michael Goodhart's "Human Rights and Global Democracy," Eva Erman argues that Goodhart has reconceptualized democracy and therefore does not offer a better understanding of the relationship between human rights and global democracy.
- Reform of the International Monetary and Financial System
The spread of the financial crisis from a few developed countries to the entire global economy provides tangible evidence that the international trade and financial system needs to be profoundly reformed, says Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz and Columbia economist Jose Antonio Ocampo.
- Global Ethics Corner: Oceans, Garbage, and Food
Can we regulate international space like the oceans? Pollution and illegal or unregulated fishing plague international waters. How can the problem be managed to maintain the health and beauty of our seas?
- Under the Cover: Global Corruption Report 2009
Policy Innovations interviews Robin Hodess of Transparency International on her organization's brand new Global Corruption Report 2009, which this year focuses on corruption and the private sector.
- Global Ethics Corner: Who Pays for Global Warming?
This short clip on ethics asks: Who pays to stop global warming? How to allocate emissions allowances? If people are entitled to an equal share of the world's resources, should national allowances be allocated on a per capita basis? How about the billionaire in India who pollutes more than a poor person in urban Paris?
- Interview with Richard Kauffman, CEO, Good Energies
"There is really nothing quite as essential, both in the developed and the developing world, as energy. You literally cannot have economic development without energy."
- "National Responsibility and Global Justice" by David Miller [Full Text]
Miller builds on his seminal work on national identity and special duties to co-nationals to carve out a position on such issues as global poverty and immigration that is distinct from both the recent stream of cosmopolitan theories and a narrow "citizens-only" account of obligations.
- "What's Wrong with the United Nations and How to Fix It" by Thomas G. Weiss [Full Text]
Drawing on his own UN experience and studying it from outside, Weiss clears away a lot of the debris of superficial critiques to uncover the deeper explanations for why the more world problems become interconnected and global in scope the less the UN seems able to cope with them.
- Justice and the Convention on Biological Diversity [Abstract]
By legislating for a system of justice-in-exchange covering nonhuman biological resources in preference to a free-for-all situation, the Convention on Biological Diversity provides a small step forward in redressing the distributive justice balance.
- Treaty Norms and Climate Change Mitigation [Full Text]
UNFCCC norms tightly constrain the range of acceptable agreements for the distribution of burdens to mitigate climate change, restricting us to two viable guiding principles: the equitable distribution of responsibilities and the right to development. Both principles place much heavier mitigation burdens on industrialized countries.
- More Money, Less Cure: Why Global Health Assistance Needs Restructuring [Full Text]
Is more money for global health always good news? No, argues Esser, who suggests that many of the problems that plague decision-making in global health assistance lie not in the global South but in the North, where the monetary flows originate and where most policies are conceived.
- "The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror" by Manfred B. Steger [Full Text]
Faced with the political, economic, and social challenges of a globalized planet, are we bereft of any coherent political guideposts or do we still possess realistic and robust idea-systems? Steger, a prolific scholar of globalization, adopts a cautiously optimistic version of the second position.
- Realism as Pragmatic Cooperation
Remedies to global challenges are less about romantic dreams to improve the world and more about pragmatism and sustainability. The pragmatic and ethical thing to do is to recognize that our interests are tied up with those of others in new and potentially creative ways.
- The Emerging Alliance of World Religions and Ecology
John Grim and Mary Evelyn Tucker argue that although the world's religions have been slow to respond to our current environmental crises, their moral authority and their institutional power may help effect a change in attitudes, practices, and public policies.
- ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: For a Federation of Democracies (Response to Stephen Schlesinger)
Davenport argues for a federation of democracies to replace the United Nations Security Council. This new level of government, he says, is necessary to achieve the international cooperation needed to manage a global economy and address global problems.
- Interview with Robert S. Harrison, CEO, Clinton Global Initiative
"I hope that CGI is able to serve as the catalyst for action, the group that is essentially creating a market between companies and governments and NGOs to create the difference that moves the ball on each of these great global challenges."
- Michael Selgelid on Infectious Diseases
Can we infringe individual rights to promote public health? Should, say, people be allowed to decide for themselves when they are too infectious to get on a plane?
- September is Sustainability Month at the Carnegie Council
For decades now, and with growing concern, the Carnegie Council has produced materials on the environment. Marking September as Sustainability Month, the Council offers a series of events and resources.
- Interview with Michele Wucker
"People should be able to pursue whatever helps them to fulfill their greatest potential, and that's what migration is about," says World Policy Institute's Michele Wucker.
- The Happy Planet Index
The fact that economic growth can be conceived of in opposition to the health of the planet suggests that neither can claim to be regarded as the true overall measure of success in human society. A much more convincing case is made by the concept of well-being.
- The Balance between Risk and Return Is Everybody's Business
The 2008 taxpayer bailout and a long string of corporate restructurings and downsizings have shifted risk from corporations to individuals, writes Ann Rutledge. Most Americans were caught in a high-stakes Monopoly game where they didn't know the rules.
- Good Ideas Are From Anywhere
The recent confirmation hearings of Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayor touched upon a central issue of the international legal and moral order: natural law and global constitutionalism.
- EDITOR'S PICKS: Program Year September 2008 - June 2009
This small sample of the year's crop is just a taste of what we have to offer from this program year. See if you agree with our picks.
- "No Compromise in Defense of the Earth"
December 31, 2020 -- Dear Colleagues, Supporters, and Friends, I hereby resign as president of the Reputable Mainstream Environmental Lobbying Organization. The global political will necessary to thwart catastrophic climate change has not materialized. I hold myself partially responsible.
- Leadership as Practical Ethics
If we accept leadership as goal-driven and compromise-ridden, then we see that ethics should not be a peripheral to any public policy curriculum or program of leadership development. Ethics is neither a luxury nor a hurdle to be cleared. It is central to decision-making and leadership itself.
- American Sugar Policy Leaves a Sour Taste
As evidenced by the minor flap last week over the tariff provision that snuck into the American Clean Energy and Security Act, trade decisions are being actively contested by our political leaders. It's critical to scrutinize the new administration as it quietly gears up its agriculture and trade policies.
- Institutional Trappings
The institutionalization of religion seems symptomatic of the human tendency to mistrust our own intuitions, which can result in an abdication of responsibility.
- The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today
Slaves are all around us, from the dishwasher in your local restaurant, to kids on the corner selling cheap trinkets. Bales and Soodalter provide a blueprint on how to recognize slavery and how to finally put an end to this horrific practice, which still flourishes here in "The Home of the Free."
- "The Refugee in International Society: Between Sovereigns" by Emma Haddad [Full Text]
How is it that within a couple of short decades refugees in European public perception went from being the archetypal "heroes" of the international system to being a disparaged and unwanted "flood" of migrants?
- "On Global Order: Power, Values, and the Constitution of International Society" by Andrew Hurrell [Full Text]
"This is one of the finest books on the normative dimension of global governance published in the past decade," writes reviewer Samuel Makinda. "[It] should serve as a resource for a wide range of readers."
- "Defending Humanity: When Force is Justified and Why" by George Fletcher and Jens David Ohlin [Full Text]
The authors seek a legal foundation for humanitarian intervention without Security Council authorization squarely within the UN Charter's Article 51, which grants UN members an "inherent right of individual or collective self-defense" in response to armed attack.
- Moral Responsibilities and the Conflicting Demands of Jus Post Bellum [Abstract]
The inclusion of jus post bellum in just war theory may be justified. But, according to Evans, it becomes problematic when confronted with tenets of "just occupation," namely that sovereignty or self-determination should be restored to the occupied people as soon as is reasonably possible.
- Briefly Noted [Full Text]
This section contains a round-up of recent notable books in the field of international affairs.
- Ethical Competence in International Relations [Full Text]
In order to participate effectively in international relations, this essay argues that international actors of all kinds, including states, international organizations, corporations, and individuals, have to acquire the skills necessary to protect freedom and diversity in the modern world.
- Interview with Christine Bader
"Increasingly, human rights is the lens through which people view how business impacts them," says Christine Bader, formerly of BP and now Advisor to the UN Special Representative on business and human rights.
- Setting the Bar at 350
Where do we draw the political and ecological lines on climate change? How much carbon will the atmosphere take? Policy Innovations Managing Editor Evan O'Neil talks with Phil Aroneanu, director of creative media for 350.org, an international campaign to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
These resources on world poverty look at our moral obligations; root causes and possible solutions; the problems of aid; development through trade; and the effects of the financial crisis.
- The Consensus before the Consensus
Building mini-consensuses before the Consensus is the best way anything will get done at the December climate negotiations in Copenhagen. Here is a quick glance at five areas with friction and promise.
- Information Gaps Hinder CSR Achievement
IBM recently completed its second annual survey of senior executives from around the world on the importance of green and sustainability issues to their corporate strategies, and the results are encouraging in some respects. But they also indicate how far businesses still need to go to be truly sustainable.
- Forced to Labor: The Cost of Coercion
The Carnegie Council and the International Labour Organization (ILO) present a unique look at modern slavery from the personal, policy, and enforcement perspectives, to shed light on an insidious practice that has become part of today's labor markets.
- The Means of Reproduction: Sex, Power, and the Future of the World
Michelle Goldberg exposes the global war on women's reproductive rights and its disastrous and unreported consequences for the future of global development.
- TOP TEN 2008: The Most Downloaded Ethics & International Affairs Articles
Wiley-Blackwell has just issued its 2008 report on the Council's journal, Ethics & International Affairs. The following is a list of the top ten downloaded articles on the Blackwell Synergy site in 2008.
- Our Biology Makes Us All Truly Equal
"Race" is a persistent example of our imagination.
- The Global Deal: Climate Change and the Creation of a New Era of Progress and Prosperity
Renowned economist Lord Nicholas Stern estimates that it will cost only about 2 percent of global GDP to control climate change at manageable levels by 2050. But we cannot delay. The cost of inaction is far greater and more perilous.
- Carnegie Council Launches the Global Ethics Network
The Carnegie Council is establishing partnerships with educational institutions around the world to create the Global Ethics Network, a group that engages in non-partisan, interactive education about global issues.
- THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
These resources look at the root causes and ethical implications of the financial crisis and explore how the financial system can be rebuilt in a sustainable way that fosters trust and avoids future mistakes.
- A Human Rights Analysis of the G20 Communique: Recent Awareness of the 'Human Cost' Is Not Quite Enough
The global economic crisis and its impact on the poor are issues of international human rights law, in particular of state obligations to take collective action to create a global economic system amenable to the fulfillment of basic rights to subsistence, security, and freedom, say Sakiko Fukuda Parr and Margot Salomon.
- When Swine Flu Strikes
Given the small overall number of confirmed swine flu cases, the current situation warrants the caution associated with a normal flu season. But domestic and international health care inequities are an underlying pandemic risk factor in a world of global travel.
- Economic Crisis: A National and International Perspective
How is globalization affecting the economies of developed and developing nations? What should government, business, and labor do to alleviate the global economic crunch?
- A Blight on the Nation: Slavery in Today's America
Certain things we know to be true. We know that the South kept slaves, and the North fought a righteous war of liberation. We know that the Emancipation Proclamation freed all the slaves, and that the United States has been slavery-free ever since. These things we know –- and none of it is true.
- The G-20's Global Hit-and-Run
The economic crisis has been compared to familiar catastrophes such as the sinking Titanic and a tsunami. But the car crash analogy works much better for moral judgments about who should bear the costs of the financial crisis.
- Restoring Trust in the Global Financial System
This Workshop for Ethics in Business panel analyzes the growing lack of trust in the financial system and how it threatens to keep the global economy in the doldrums. What are the ways to best restore that trust?
- God Is Back: How the Global Revival of Faith Is Changing the World
John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge argues that God is back as part of politics. On the street and in the corridors of power, religion is surging worldwide. Can religion and modernity thrive together? What impact will the world's rise of faith have in this century?
- The Fat Tail: The Power of Political Knowledge for Strategic Investing
A fat tail is an event that seems unlikely to occur, but when it does, it causes havoc--like the global financial crisis. What will the next fat tail be? Will it come from Iran? Russia? China? The U.S.?
- Homo sociens and the New Ecological Growth Economy
What does it mean to build an economy on sound ecological principles? It means that all forms of business and other human activity will be directed toward a truly cyclical use of resources, zero carbon emissions, and restoration and reinvestment in natural capital.
- A Realistic Japan Policy for the Obama Administration
This memo aims to give U.S. President Barack Obama an overview of Japan and of the U.S.-Japan alliance, and to suggest policy options on security, base location, technology, the rise of China, and economy, currency, and trade.
- Fallout, Denials, and Trials: Recognizing the Health Legacy of Nuclear Test Veterans
David Willcox writes on a U.K. court case brought by participants in the U.K.'s nuclear testing program which raises a moral dilemma for governments.
- Evan O'Neil Interviews Michael Rea and Scott Kaufman of Carbon Trust
Evan O'Neil talks with the COO and the U.S. Project Manager of Carbon Trust, an independent company set up by the U.K. government that works with organisations to reduce carbon emissions and develop commercial low carbon technologies.
- Public Ethics Radio: David Singh Grewal on Network Power
To explain how power can be at work in apparently voluntary processes, Grewal introduces the concept of "network power." He argues that this dynamic drives many key aspects of globalization.
- Simultaneous Policy for Global Problems
Instead of a global race to the bottom, coordinated international action could help governments make tough policy choices without scaring off capital and factories. John Bunzl explains his Simultaneous Policy campaign.
- Briefly Noted [Full Text]
This section contains a round-up of recent notable books in the field of international affairs.
- "Torture Lite": A Response [Excerpt]
A morally significant distinction between full torture and torture lite, says Sussman, would attend to the role that fear and hope play in the experience. Full torture would thus be treatment that aims to make its victim feel absolutely vulnerable and utterly powerless.
- The Dangers of Democratic Delusions [Full Text]
A "League of Democracies," according to Mahbubani, will divide the world at the very time that a new global consensus needs to be created to address pressing global challenges.
- Why a League of Democracies Will Not Work [Full Text]
The proposal for a league of democracies is fraught with a number of fundamental flaws. In fact, much of what these democracy strategists are seeking can be obtained within the existing universal security institution, the UN.
- The Case for a Concert of Democracies [Full Text]
Over a whole range of challenges, the world is essentially undergoverned. New institutions are needed that recognize how much the world has changed and that mobilize those states most capable of meeting the dangers we confront.
- Roundtable Introduction: Can Democracies Go It Alone? [Full Text]
The idea that democratic states should establish exclusive venues for international cooperation provides an opportunity for reflection on the global role of the U.S. and other liberal democracies, and on the future of multilateralism and the UN system. With James M. Lindsay, Stephen Schlesinger, Kishore Mahbubani, and Ruth Wedgwood.
- "Multicultural Odysseys: Navigating the New International Politics of Diversity" by Will Kymlicka [Full Text]
Kymlicka extends his well known and widely respected defense of a liberal conception of multiculturalism to all states of the world, and asks causal questions about why liberal multiculturalism is spreading internationally.
- "Network Power: The Social Dynamics of Globalization" by David Singh Grewal [Full Text]
According to Grewal, we need to understand globalization as a process in which we participate by choice but not necessarily voluntarily—one in which common standards allow more effective coordination, yet also entrap us in their pull for convergence.
- Democracies, Human Rights, and Collective Action [Full Text]
A caucus of democracies and liberal states within the UN could aim to crosscut the UN's deeply entrenched hegemonic voting patterns and support and celebrate the purposes and claims of democracy.
- Global Ethics Corner: Baseball and Global Sports Development
What are the ethics of global sports development? Now that America's favorite pastime has gone global, is baseball watched and played for the love of the game? Or is it just business?
- The Foreign Exchange Transaction Reporting System
The April G-20 summit in London should aim to achieve oversight of global banks and other financial players. Transparent foreign exchange reporting and a currency transaction tax would help.
- Great Powers: America and the World after Bush
Military geostrategist Thomas P. M. Barnett argues that the 21st century will see the rise of a global middle class for the first time, which is in the U.S. national interest. He says that although we will have to make compromises, we should work to hasten this globalization process.
- The Global Ethics & Integrity Benchmarks
Global Ethics & Integrity Benchmarks is a tool for helping multinational organizations assess and measure their progress in making a formal and transparent commitment to ethics and integrity in the workplace.
- Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet
Economist Jeffrey Sachs focuses on the financial crisis, both in the U.S. and worldwide. He concludes that we should look at it as a wakeup call that we were not on a sustainable path, and as an opportunity to invest in the future.
- Political Futures Mar 09 Segment 4: The Petro-states (6:13 mins)
Everyone is affected by the global economic crisis. But what are the special challenges facing petro-states, such as Venezuela, Iran, and Iraq?
- Political Futures Mar 09 Segment 3: US Foreign Policy (4:53 mins)
Is the new U.S. administration off to a good start with its approach to foreign policy?
- Political Futures Mar 09 Segment 1: Davos (5:13 mins)
The news out of Davos is that this is the year of governments. Globally decisions are being made by public sectors, not Wall Street. But what's going to be done to fix the current financial crisis?
- Ann Florini on Global Governance
Florini discusses the difference between "global government" and "global governance," intergovernmental organizations such as the UN, and the role and achievements of civil society and transnational networks, particularly on environmental issues.
- Global Ethics Corner: Who Cares What You Wear on Your Head?
Banning headscarves may violate an individual's right of religious expression and choice. Allowing headscarves may violate a state's commitment to secularism. How do we marry public goods and religious imperatives?
- Fiona Robinson on the Ethics of Care
Care is not only a moral issue, but also a feminist one, says Robinson, noting that two-thirds of care around the world is done by women, for little or no pay. She also discusses the evolving concept of human security.
- Shallow Cuts
British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline was lauded in recent headlines for the announcement that it would voluntarily act to improve access to medicines in developing countries. But will GSK's measures really enhance the health of the global poor?
- Alex Bellamy on the Responsibility to Protect
"This is just the beginning of the road for R2P," says Bellamy. "There are a lot of skeptics...but it is a principle that has commanded the support of 192 governments, and that creates a tremendous political impetus."
- The United Nations and Gender: Has Anything Gone Right?
The UN's record on women's issues has been abysmal, declares Stephen Lewis, particularly in dealing with HIV/AIDS. In order to give 52 percent of the world's population the representation they deserve, it's time to create a special UN Women's Agency.
- Peer-to-Peer Finance: A Flight to Simplicity
Since bank capital will likely be further depleted as the credit crunch spreads into the productive economy, peer-to-peer finance offers a solution from an entirely unexpected direction.
- Simon Dalby on Environmental Security
"Peace-building is literally about building now," says Dalby. "It's about constructing buildings that don't need large quantities of energy, both because of climate change and so that they are not dependent on supplies from the other side of the planet."
- Political Futures Feb 09 (Video in full) (27:12 mins)
Ian Bremmer (Eurasia Group) and Joel Rosenthal (Carnegie Council) discuss top risks for 2009, including the dangers of over-regulation; Bush legacy issues, such as Guantanamo; climate change; and U.S. relations with China, Russia, Israel, Iran, and Cuba.
- Political Futures Feb 09 Segment 1: Top Risks--U.S. Congress (7:53 mins)
What are the top political risks of 2009? Bremmer argues that the rise of the U.S. Congress brings the risk of over-regulation and over-legislation.
- Managing Water Well
The economic stimulus bill signed this week by President Obama includes billions for water projects in the United States, but this is just a drop in the bucket when compared to the need for global water management.
- The New Ethic of Public Diplomacy
With President Obama's choice for under secretary of public diplomacy still unknown, it's hard to gauge where strategic communications are headed. But in the era of new media, information warfare and "messaging" can't continue to outrank authentic and ethical communication among cultures.
- Understanding Islam through Virtual Worlds
After a year of exploring digital Islamic communities, Senior Fellows Joshua S. Fouts and Rita J. King present their findings, along with video of their virtual explorations on the diplomatic frontier and a performance by Iranian hip hop artist Yas.
- Global Ethics Corner: Has Water Become a Right?
Less than one percent of the earth's water is consumable, and many parts of the world may be heading toward water bankruptcy. Should private ownership of water rights and delivery systems be encouraged, rejected, or better managed?
- Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century
Once the stuff of science fiction, robotics are already changing the way wars are being fought, says P.W. Singer. How will they affect the politics, economics, laws, and ethics of warfare?
- Black Carbon an Easy Target for Climate Change
The particulate matter called black carbon is the second most potent greenhouse warming agent after carbon dioxide. Filtering it out of diesel emissions today would have a quick impact on climate change.
- Global Ethics Corner: Buy American? Is There a Choice?
While saving jobs is an urgent task in today's economy, promoting "Buy American" policies may hurt our chances of recovering from the recession. How can we apply the Golden Rule to our trade and consumption patterns?
- Digital Diplomacy: Understanding Islam through Virtual Worlds
This project examines how the Internet can lead to a greater firsthand understanding of Islam for policymakers, diplomats, and people worldwide.
- Doing the Right Thing: How Organizations Can Help us Make Ethical Decisions
What sorts of features must we instill in a collective to make it easier for people to make the decision to tell the truth? What can we do, as a group, so we don't have to rely on the ethical compass of individuals?
- The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century
George Friedman, founder and CEO of Strategic Forecasting, Inc., asks: What's in store during this new century? Which nations will gain and lose power? How will new technologies change the way we live? He has some predictions that may surprise you.
- How Japan Became an Efficiency Superpower
Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso pushed for concrete carbon reductions at Davos this year, three decades after oil shocks propelled Japan toward "efficiency superpower" status. Will the Obama administration apply Japan's lessons to create a green economy at home and globally?
- Public Ethics Radio: Jeff McMahan on Proportionality
Israeli officials insist that their attacks on Gaza were judiciously planned so as to minimize harm to civilians. What role do civilian casualties play in assessing the justice of war?
- The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: Wilsonianism in the Twenty-First Century
Was George W. Bush the true heir of Woodrow Wilson, the architect of liberal internationalism? Was the Iraq War a result of liberal ideas about America's right to promote democracy abroad? Anne-Marie Slaughter begs to differ.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2009
What dangers are lurking for 2009? Taking Eurasia Group's list of Top Risks as a starting point, this lively discussion examines the ethical aspects of these issues.
- Redefining Progress
Prahlad Singh Shekhawat attended the fourth Gross National Happiness conference in Bhutan this past November. He reports on the conference proceedings for us and shares some of his thoughts on the growing constellation of efforts to calculate alternative measurements of well-being.
- Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery
"The exploitation of sex slaves for commercial sex generated profits of $35.7 billion in 2007," says Siddharth Kara. "This makes slavery second only to drug trafficking in terms of global illicit enterprises."
- Is Ethical Capitalism Possible?
How can business models become more sustainable? Fortunately, global human civilization has all the moral tools it needs.
- Global Ethics Corner: Choosing between Markets, Regulation, and Rewards
How can we resolve the financial melt-down and prevent another? Solutions focus on free markets, regulation, or rewards. Perhaps we should balance all three? How?
- Political Futures Jan 09 (Video in full) (27:04 mins)
Ian Bremmer and Joel Rosenthal discuss the possible risks they see on the horizon for 2009, including the financial crisis, "black swans," security, and Russia, Iran, and Turkey.
- Political Futures Jan 09 Segment 1: Financial Crisis (5:14 mins)
Does the U.S. have the political capacity and willingness to respond to the global economic crisis?
- Political Futures Jan 09 Segment 2: Global Structure (5:00 mins)
Is the financial crisis going to force us to take our eye off the big global issues like poverty and the environment?
- Political Futures Jan 09 Segment 3: Security (6:10 mins)
Are the biggest risks to our public security overseas, in places like Iraq and Afghanistan? What about domestic risks? How would you evaluate the various security risks for 2009?
- Political Futures Jan 09 Segment 6: Insuring Against Global Riots (9:35 mins)
If we look around and see all the different threats and we had some money to spend on insurance, where should we be investing against risk?
- China's Diplomacy Contradicts Power Politics
Beijing's patient approach toward Taiwan has become an integral part of its global strategy, one characterized by confidence and an emphasis on using non-military instruments such as diplomacy, economy, culture, and psychology.
- Theory of World Security [Full Text]
Booth aims to illuminate a "New 20 Years' Crisis" that global society is now entering. His central thesis is that in order to respond, we need a critical theory of world security.
- Human Rights and Global Democracy [Abstract]
This essay argues that human rights are a necessary condition for global democracy. Human rights constrain power, enable meaningful political agency, and support and promote democratic regimes within states, all of which are fundamental elements in any scheme for global democracy.
- Global Ethics Corner: Trade Liberalization and the Financial Crisis
What does the financial crisis imply? Should we liberalize trade on agriculture and services? Or should we protect domestic producers?
- The New Science of Sustainable Dynamics
The concept of sustainability is used as a policy guide today, but beyond this important sense of applied ethics sustainability must also become a science.
- Time Out
As vital as it has become to modern life, keeping track of Coordinated Universal Time is no mean feat.
- Health as a Human Right: Rights, Roles, and Responsibilities
The international community has begun to consider the "highest attainable standard of health" as a fundamental component of the human rights agenda, alongside related issues of poverty and adequate access to water and sanitation.
- Network Power: The Social Dynamics of Globalization
How can we understand the dynamics of globalization? Author David Singh Grewal explains that the idea of network power supplies a coherent set of terms and concepts, which are applicable to individuals, businesses, and countries alike.
- Global Ethics Corner: Robots, the Battlefield, and Ethics
Can intelligent robot soldiers be designed to be more ethical in battle than human soldiers? Would you prefer a robot or a human deciding about the possibility of civilian casualties, about collateral damage?
- Creative Capitalism: A Conversation with Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and other Economic Leaders
Michael Kinsley and William Easterly discuss Bill Gates's controversial proposal for "creative capitalism," in which big corporations integrate doing good into their way of doing business.
- A Redistribution of Services in International Youth Exchange Programs
The number of international youth exchange programs has increased in the last eight years. Yet for young people in the developing world from poor backgrounds, such opportunites are still limited.
- Thinking Outside the Bicycle
As the Doha Round drags on in the shadow of the financial crisis, a splattering of bilateral and regional agreements could push convergence on socially sensitive forms of trade liberalization.
- Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy
We are harming our children--and almost anyone who creates, enjoys, or sells any art form--with a restrictive copyright system driven by corporate interests. Lessig reveals the solutions to this impasse offered by a collaborative yet profitable "hybrid economy."
- The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World
Does the symbiotic relationship between China and America--"Chimerica" as Niall Ferguson calls it--give reason to hope that America's present economic situation will turn out to be not a crash, but a correction?
- Global Ethics Corner: Market Capitalism Questioned
Will people associate U.S. power with "global misery" or with the opportunity and pluralism that Obama's victory represents? There is clearly a need to reflect on the future of market capitalism.
- Economic Gangsters: Corruption, Violence, and the Poverty of Nations
From the scapegoating of "witches" in Africa, to the pitfalls of speed-dating, to the cultures that foster corruption, Raymond Fisman explores the economics and psychology behind the choices we make.
- Global Ethics Corner: Obama: Hope and Change, but for Whom?
How will President Obama deal with the hopes and fears of people abroad? Will his priority be the interests of the U.S. or will the welfare of those beyond America's borders also count?
- Don't Give Up on Globalization
Globalization is an attitude of openness, and whether in cultural attitudes or economics, openness improves the lives of citizens by expanding opportunities for choice, says Matthew Hennessey of the Manhattan Institute.
- Business and Human Rights: Achievements and Prospects
UN Special Representative John Ruggie presents his conceptual framework for business and human rights, and his plan to develop practical recommendations for all relevant stakeholders.
- Global Ethics Corner: Disaster Relief and Ethics
We enter a slippery ethical slope when we begin to make distinctions between victims. When can an individual's rights be set aside?
- The Shape of the World to Come: Charting the Geopolitics of a New Century
French intellectual Laurent Cohen-Tanugi argues that economic globalization exists in a complex dialectic with the traditional geopolitics that it has, ironically, helped to revive.
- Ark of the Liberties: America and the World
Ted Widmer shows that from its beginnings, the United States, for all its shortfalls, has been by far the world's greatest advocate for freedom.
- Global Ethics Corner: Slow Versus Fast Food
Is fast food an ethical as well as a dietary issue? Yes, says the slow-food movement whose motto is: good, clean, fair food. Let's look at this claim more closely.
- Can Web 2.0 Revolutionize Corporate Responsibility?
This lively panel examines the intersection of Web 2.0 technologies and the effort to hold corporations to account for both the harms and benefits they create.
- Financial Crisis Hurts U.S. Soft Power
The financial crisis could spell the end of America's global economic leadership, but working with other nations and building new institutions of governance may reinvigorate American influence.
- Beyond Microfinance: Entrepreneurial Solutions to Poverty Alleviation
Although microfinance has helped millions of individuals to survive, it doesn't create much real economic growth, says Michael Strong. But some organizations are moving beyond microfinance to create more substantial rural enterprises.
- Lovers with Borders
Young international couples find the strict Danish immigration policies rotten, but a new ruling from the European Union could ease cross-border marriages.
- A Slick Solution for Oil Markets
Although oil prices are declining, the global oil market is out of whack and prices remain high, causing economic suffering around the world. To get things back on track, policymakers will have to attempt some slick solutions.
- Green Jobs
A panel including Peter Poschen, International Labour Organization and Michael Renner, Worldwatch Institute, discuss the new report "Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-Carbon World."
- Green Jobs Transition Must Accelerate
Jobs will be created by the transition from a high-carbon economy to an energy-efficient one, but the transformation will have to be rapid and global to make an impact on climate change along with poverty and employment patterns.
- Remittances Take a Hit
A weak dollar, a flattening globe, and resurgent inflation are decreasing financial transfers from overseas workers, commonly known as remittances.
- Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Nature [Full Text]
This volume is political theory at its best, providing an invaluable review of the contemporary literature, subverting traditional political categories and distinctions, and suggesting new directions for politics and policy.
- An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration [Full Text]
Writing in EIA 22, no. 1, Mathias Risse presented a novel way to think about the problem of immigration in the context of global justice, adopting the standpoint of the common ownership of the earth. The following Exchange is in response to that essay.
- Public Ethics Radio: Leif Wenar on the Resource Curse
There is a powerful case that corporations and countries that buy natural resources from bad actors in developing countries are violating the property rights of the people of those countries.
- The Difference Makers
Sandra Waddock's book "The Difference Makers" tells the stories of nearly two dozen innovators who pioneered the corporate responsibility movement over the past quarter century.
- Terror and Consent: The Wars for The 21st Century
The world is in the midst of a great transition from nation states to "market states", says Philip Bobbitt, and consequently almost every widely-held idea we currently have about 21st century terrorism is wrong.
- Yoga Bends the Globalization Stereotype
The worldwide popularity of yoga proves that globalization is flowing in every direction, and has been for a while.
- Globalization of Language Will Muzzle the Nation-State
Improved communication and translation between people will deprive nation-states of their raison d'etre.
- Oil Revenue Sharing for Iraq
Developing a fair system for sharing Iraqi oil revenues will ensure that no one can aspire to be the next Saddam Hussein.
- From Mules to Biofuels
Policymakers have two main concerns when it comes to ethanol: the effect of demand on food prices, and the environmental benefits. While families were sharing corn at barbecues this summer, both issues perked up ears across the globe.
- Public Ethics Radio: Thomas Pogge on Pharmaceutical Innovation
Philosopher Thomas Pogge explains his proposal for dealing with the thorny intersection of public health, property rights, and poverty. As he sees it, the patent system doesn't work as well for medicines as it does for, say, consumer electronics.
- ROUNDTABLE: The Nation-State
The nation-state is an anachronistic myth which should be shed once and for all, declares Devin Stewart. Gvosdev and Andelman disagree.
- Cogeneration Can Slash Carbon and Costs
At home or on the city level, cogeneration of electricity and heat is one of the most promising means of using existing technologies to increase efficiency, save money, and slash emissions.
- Humanitarian Aid Politicized
Humanitarian aid is often viewed as a political commodity, no matter how well intentioned the donors may be. As swelling urban centers make disasters deadlier, this poses a crucial policy problem for international relief and diplomacy.
- The New MAD World
The current system may be Cold War Lite in which noncooperation is the new mutual assured destruction (MAD). Yet if we fail to cooperate, our destruction is mutually assured. Welcome to the new MAD world.
- Cyberethics: The Emerging Codes of Online Conduct
A panel of old and new media experts explore the changing communications landscape as new media grows in different directions and becomes more and more influential.
- A United Nations Parliamentary Assembly Could Drive Global Innovation
As a hinge between parliaments, civil society, the UN, and governments, a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly could become an important catalyst for the reform and development of the international system.
- Fuel Costs Clip Airline Wings
The rising price of jet fuel has the global airline industry struggling to cut costs and stay aloft, but it also incentivizes the development of alternative power sources and experimental planes.
- The Resurgent Idea of World Government [Full Text]
The idea of world government is returning to the mainstream of scholarly thinking about international relations. Will the world-government movement become a potent political force, or will it fade away as it did in the late 1940s?
- In Search of Common Ground: The Role of a Global Ethic in Inter-Religious Dialogue
Initiatives such as "A Common Word Between Us" and Hans Küng's Global Ethic may mark the beginning of constructive dialogue between the West and the Muslim world.
- Ready or Not, Here Comes the World
More than one country that is about to host a prestigious sporting event is facing international criticism over human rights and diplomacy.
- Big Beer Brewing
Many beer lovers fear that industry consolidation will lead to homogenization -- a process some deride as "lagerization."
- It's Like Oil, But Different
Water shortages could be as lethal in the twenty-first century as terrorism and the relentless exhaustion of energy reserves, but the U.S. presidential candidates have said little about this crisis.
- The Future of the Automobile
General Motors' Larry Burns envisions the future: Electric cars that will deliver today's freedoms at more reasonable prices, and without today's environmental, safety, and congestion problems.
- Twilight War: The Folly of U.S. Space Dominance
Except for the U.S. and Israel, every nation favors a treaty to prevent the weaponization of space. China has been pushing the U.S. on this since 1999. What are we waiting for?
- Speaking Fairly
The rise of English as a global lingua franca is one of the most striking developments of the last few decades, but the use of universal standards raises concerns about distributive justice and identity.
- Rising Powers in Space
Balancing development and security in outer space will be an important international challenge in coming decades as rising powers force realignment here on Earth.
- Networks Power Globalization
A globalized world isn't flat, it's networked, says David Grewal. This underlying social dynamic leads to shared standards as well as social exclusion.
- When Principles Pay: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Bottom Line
Geoffrey Heal examines how social and environmental performance affects a corporation's profitability and how the stock market reacts to a firm's behavior in these areas.
- No Skipping Class
Ivy League brand names are leading the globalization of higher education as increasing numbers of highly competitive applicants come from Asia.
- AN ENGAGING OUTLOOK: A New Foundation for U.S. Foreign Policy
A new U.S. foreign policy based on cooperation and engagement is not just morally appealing, but strategically smart, declares David Speedie.
- Market and Community Approaches to Food Crisis
The food crisis has tempted governments to enact export bans and pull other market levers, but helping small-scale farmers might be a better long-term target for food stability.
- In Vitro Meat, a More Humane Treat
As a growing world population demands more calories, new food technologies may help alleviate some of the hunger, cruelty, and environmental problems associated with industrial livestock farming.
- Sovereign Wealth Funds under Scrutiny
Sovereign wealth funds could face a backlash if they fail to allay concerns over transparency.
- MYANMAR: Reviewing the Argument for Humanitarian Intervention
In the face of the disastrous cyclone in Myanmar, the question of humanitarian intervention inevitably arises. A selection of journal articles explores this complex issue.
- Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World
Drawing on his background at the World Bank and as the first post-Taliban finance minister of Afghanistan, Ashraf Ghani (and co-author Clare Lockhart) develops a comprehensive framework for understanding the problem of state-building. In 2014, Dr. Ghani became president of Afghanistan.
- Redesigning Global Economic Governance
The financing for development conference to be held later this year in Doha could set the stage for building economic and financial multilateralism in a new mold.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "An Inconvenient Truth"
Al Gore explains the science of global warming, describes its present-day effects, and forecasts what the future may hold in store. We can reverse this trend, he declares, but we are running out of time.
- The Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order
Americans ask, "Why do they hate us? Is this country pro or anti-American?" But what Khanna finds as he travels the world is that increasingly, many just don't care about the United States. Countries are going their own way and making multiple alliances.
- Marrying Trade and Human Rights
When human rights are violated, policymakers are pressured to do something, and they often turn to trade for leverage. Is this incentive effective?
- Deliberation and Global Governance: Liberal, Cosmopolitan, and Critical Perspectives [Abstract]
This paper develops a critical analysis of deliberative approaches to global governance. After first defining global governance and with a minimalist conception of deliberation in mind, the paper outlines three paradigmatic approaches: liberal, cosmopolitan, and critical.
- On the Morality of Immigration [Full Text]
This essay makes a plea for the relevance of moral considerations in debates about immigration. It offers a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global justice.
- Growing Green During Downturn
With the threat of recession, the emphasis on green in business is shifting from the environment back to dollars.
- Rising Sun for Electric Cars
Southern New Hampshire University is experimenting with parking lot solar to charge electric cars and feed renewable energy back into the grid.
- More Loraxes, Less Axes
Deforestation accounts for about 20 percent of global warming emissions, making innovative conservation a key factor in any climate strategy.
- Climate Change and New Security Issues
H.E. Dr. Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, President of Iceland, discusses how Iceland has successfully reduced its use of oil and coal, and how the fate of nations large and small is being affected by climate change.
- Torture and Democracy
In his exhaustive study, Rejali traces the history of torture through the ages. "It's not so much that torture never works," he says. "The point is, works better than what?" There are better alternatives.
- Beijing Serves Up Sports Etiquette
Sports fans train in cheering and manners to help China shine during the Summer Olympics.
- Moral Medals
With violence in Darfur and Tibet, competition at the Olympics this summer will be political as well as athletic.
- Renewable Energy Hedges
Instead of being price takers in an unstable power market, customers can use renewable energy hedges to transform their purchases into a tool for sustainability.
- Fostering Ethical Globalization
Former UN official Michael Doyle thinks it's unfair to scapegoat globalization for the world's problems, but the world needs to tackle health, fair trade, and immigration to make globalization fairer.
- Watching the Government Watch You
A growing movement is using the Internet to expose government problems and protect rights and privacy.
- A Billion Lives: An Eyewitness Report from the Frontlines of Humanity
"In spite of being stingy, and in spite of being late, and in spite of being half-hearted, we are making progress," says Egeland. But we must respond to all disasters, not just those that hit the headlines.
- Waging Peace through Commerce
Prosperity has the potential to strengthen democracies and enhance security, but only in a global atmosphere of nonaggression.
- Uniting Against Terror: Cooperative Nonmilitary Responses to the Global Terrorist Threat
George Lopez gives an overview of effective, multilateral counter-terrorism measures, and as an illustration, Ambassador McNamara analyzes how Libya went from rogue state to member of the Security Council.
- A League of Democracies
John McCain introduced the idea of global democracy during his 2008 U.S. presidential election campaign. The idea is worth exploring, and perhaps further than McCain intended.
- Business Ethics Gone Without TRACE
As a neutral third party, TRACE works with commercial competitors to address the challenges they all face, delivering an antibribery message to corrupt officials.
- Global Strategies for Child Nutrition
So long as we treat ending child malnutrition only as a series of national problems, the effort is doomed to failure. There must be a strong global strategy that complements national initiatives.
- Whither the Grapes of Worth?
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault opened in Norway this week, but genetically modified organisms are not allowed. As global warming pushes wine grapes away from the equator, a natural French Chardonnay could become passe.
- Chess Takes World
When people think of chess, they usually think of Russia. But chess excellence has now gone global: The current World Champion is from India, and the current World Junior Champion is an Egyptian.
- Russia and the New Great Game
Two recent energy deals are the latest moves in the Great Game for energy security, with the world's main powers jockeying for access to resources and markets.
- In Pursuit of a Carbon-Free Economy
The climate crisis requires better tools to compare the true environmental value of greenhouse gas reduction versus sequestration, so that we know whether to invest our limited resources in efficiency or forests, renewable energy or carbon storage.
- Typing TERROR in a Crowded Chat
Like many tools of globalization, the power of the Internet can cut both ways. What then is the solution to extremism on the Internet? Paradoxically, it might be more Internet use.
- The Resource Curse: Stopping the Flow of Stolen Resources (Part 3)
Calculations show that oil companies illicitly transport into the U.S. over 600 million barrels of oil each year. This is 12.7 percent of U.S. oil imports--more than one barrel in eight.
- The Resource Curse: Might Makes the Right to Sell? (Part 2)
Customary practices left over from the era of absolute state sovereignty still give property rights to whoever can exert coercive control over a population. This might-makes-right rule contradicts the movement toward citizen ownership of natural resources.
- The Resource Curse: Property Rights and the Resource Curse (Part 1)
Because of a major flaw in the international trade system, consumers in rich countries unknowingly buy stolen goods every day. The raw materials used to make these goods are taken from the poorest people in the world, by stealth and by force.
- The Melting Pot, the Salad Bowl, and the Confucian Ideal
Many have argued we are entering a multipolar world. Yet, this competition will not simply take place in terms of varying approaches to foreign policy but also as a result of internal policies toward minorities.
- The Fair Trade Future
The Fair Trade movement is a promising vehicle for alternative globalization, yet its dramatic growth has fueled a number of new challenges. Has Fair Trade's original agenda been eroded by the market forces it set out to change?
- Globalization Poison
The blame game for toxic toys and bad loans makes big headlines. But international scrutiny can also promote accountability.
- Role Addiction
The global growth of Internet use and online role-playing games has spawned a public health crackdown on addictive and antisocial behaviors.
- Forming a Donor Monitor NGO
Money stuffed in envelopes. Gifts of cars, computers, and overseas junkets. It sounds like the criticism typically leveled at corrupt MNCs, but it also occurs in the international development community. A Donor Monitor NGO could bring accountability and standards to the field.
- Cooperative Energy Security for Sustainable Development
Cooperative energy security for sustainable development implies a long-term balancing of energy, environment, and economic development. Only a strategic triad of publics, governments, and industry can bring to bear the distributed knowledge required to accomplish this task.
- Maquilapolis: City of Factories
What is the human price of industrialization and globalization? Maquilapolis: City of Factories highlights what happens when capital comes to town and when it flies elsewhere.
- Black Gold Shows Bitter Trade Problems
Why can't Africa access trade as a tool to generate wealth? Black Gold delves into the international coffee supply chain to find out where the system is broken.
- Trade Policy for Humanity
Devin Stewart talks with Susan Aaronson about her new book, "Trade Imbalance: The Struggle to Weigh Human Rights Concerns in Trade Policymaking," coauthored with Jamie Zimmerman.
- A Kite Runner Approach to Understanding Corruption
All sins are a variation of theft, according to the father character in Khaled Hosseini's novel The Kite Runner. Corruption is theft of public trust in institutions.
- The Opt-out Marriage
Globalization increases the flexibility of labor markets, but increased mobility goes hand in hand with increased economic uncertainty, especially among young professionals. Their romantic lifestyles are adapting to the new pressures.
- Tapping Partnerships for Drinkable Water
About 1.2 billion people live without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation, a number that will certainly grow without continued pressure for innovative solutions. Cross-sector partnerships and local projects are leading the way.
- Cap and Trade vs. Carbon Tax
What's the difference between taxing carbon emissions and a market-based system of cap and trade, asks Matthew Hennessey of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research? Which approach will more effectively reduce emissions? Which is fairer?
- Cap and Trade vs. Carbon Tax
What's the difference between taxing carbon emissions and a market-based system of cap and trade? Which approach will more effectively reduce emissions? Which is fairer?
- Selling Security
When the traditional tasks of national militaries are delegated to private military firms, civil authorities enter into two contracts with them: commercial and moral. If leaders aren't adamant about enforcing both, the results are potentially destabilizing.
- Inflation Fuels Global Hunger
Despite the best efforts of central bankers everywhere, inflation is making a comeback, and everyone's feeling the pinch of rising food and fuel prices.
- A Blueprint for Today's Sustainability
Today's sustainability builds CSR and environmental awareness on brand value and the bottom line. But what are companies actually doing to achieve this? The good news is that sustainability initiatives follow a common blueprint across industries.
- Shaping the Change
Evan O'Neil talks with Dr. Manuel "Butch" Montes of the UN's Financing for Development Office about well-being, trade negotiations, and social change in the Asian economies.
- Searching for the Ethical Blogger
Blogs have evolved into a powerful sociopolitical force capable of shaping opinion, breaking news, and giving a voice to the voiceless. But with great chatter comes great responsibility. Should an explicit code of conduct govern the blogosphere?
- Local Produce vs. Global Trade
Food policy based on think global, buy local may create contradictory choices when it comes to helping the environment and poor-country farmers.
- Has Trade Run Aground?
As astonishing as it seems, globalization is playing better in Pretoria than in Peoria. Two recent surveys show Western attitudes toward global trade hardening even as the developing world is eager for more.
- ROUNDTABLE: Future of U.S. Trade Policy
With Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton calling for a "timeout" on future free trade agreements and support for free trade waning among Republicans, Policy Innovations asked three trade experts what they see for the future of U.S. trade policy.
- The Impulse to Truck and Trade
Devin Stewart interviews YaleGlobal Online editor Nayan Chanda about his new book, Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers, and Warriors Shaped Globalization.
- The Enclave Effect
New research suggests that signing a trade agreement with the United States may not bring the desired investment, and if investment comes it may not translate into economic growth.
- Spoofing Big Brother
Conceptual artist Hasan Elahi documents his every move online with hundreds of pictures. He photographs the toilets he uses, the food he eats, the places he sees. He even posts copies of his banking statements. Why has Hasan Elahi become his own Big Brother?
- Pushing against the Protectionist Drift
Policy Innovations talks with Professor Matthew Slaughter of Dartmouth's Tuck School of Business about his New Deal for globalization.
- Business & Human Rights Resource Centre Website Redesign
Devin Stewart interviews Annabel Short of the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre about the recent redesign of their website. The Centre tracks the positive and negative impact of more than 3,600 businesses in more than 180 countries.
- Energy Security Depends on Where You Live
Your definition of energy security might just depend on where you live. For consumer countries, energy security means reliable sources of supply. For producer states, it equates to high prices and stability in global markets.
- Musicians Spread the Enviro Vibe
Evan O'Neil talks with Brian Allenby of Reverb about the carbon offset market and how musicians are reducing their environmental footprint.
- Climate Change and the Precautionary Principle
Officials from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency discuss the success of the Montreal Protocol in limiting ozone depletion. They also reflect on scientific certainty, public policy, and the relevance of the precautionary principle for remedying climate change.
- Offsets, the Indulgences of Today?
More and more, Saul Gomez says, wealthy individuals and companies are offsetting their carbon consumption out of a sincere concern for the environment, for good public relations, and for economic value.
- Offsets, the Indulgences of Today?
More and more, wealthy individuals and companies are offsetting their carbon consumption out of a sincere concern for the environment, for good public relations, and for economic value.
- The Tale of Sushi in the Global Economy
Devin Stewart talks with writer Sasha Issenberg about the culture, ethics, and evolution of sushi as a globalized commodity.
- The Blogger's Democratic Revolution
Thanks to the human love of commentary and information, blogs have created more connections among people and helped propel citizen journalism and democratic change. As the medium matures, will a code of ethics be necessary?
- Organic Cosmetics Break Out
The global cosmetics industry is booming and the organic market is the next frontier. But in a sector built on a foundation of eternal youth, can the claims of organic content be trusted?
- Who's to Blame for Brain Drain?
The lure of wealth and opportunity elsewhere leaves labor-exporting economies in a self-reinforcing bind: How to develop when the best and brightest routinely set out in search of greener pastures?
- Rules for Globalization's Unruliness
Globalization provides a unique opportunity to rethink the rules of the international system. One way to combine the need for rules with the need for flexibility is the idea of constitutionalism. A constitution creates a rule-bound system, one that can be written as in the U.S. or unwritten as in the UK.
- Cap and (Fair) Trade
Climate change is rising on the agenda in many world capitals due in part to the emergence of market-based mechanisms and their embrace by both industry and environmental advocates.
- The Man Who Could Right the Trade-Development Imbalance
Few development advocates perceive Robert Zoellick as a man committed to making trade fairer for the world's poor. But he has long tried to realign U.S. trade policies to meet development objectives. This history suggests he will manage the World Bank to facilitate greater coherence.
- Splitting the Atomic Energy Debate
Interest in low-emission nuclear energy has mushroomed alongside rising energy prices and fear of climate change. But the picture of a green future is clouded by security concerns over weapons proliferation and stubborn states like Iran, which has so far refused to stop enriching uranium.
- WHO Pushes Pharmaceutical Innovation
The innovation gap is especially troubling in the pharmaceutical industry, where only a small portion of funding goes toward the diseases that disproportionately affect developing countries. The WHO has responded by creating a working group to promote innovations in needs-driven medical R&D.
- Confronting Climate Change
Michael Oppenheimer of Princeton explains climate change and discusses ways to deal with this mounting crisis. A self-described optimist, he believes that we can change our behavior and prevent complete catastrophe.
- Realist Democracy Promotion
Democracy's positive contributions to quality of life have caused some to elevate it to the status of a universal value. But universal value does not equal universal application. When it comes to developing strategies for democracy promotion, treating democracy as a universal value can be a stumbling block.
- Estados Unidos Debe Redefinir el Comercio Justo
Devin Stewart establece un esquema que reconcilia la libertad y la justicia para crear una politica comercial mas etica. En el ejercicio de alcanzar el justo medio entre el proteccionismo y el libre mercado fundamentalista es util hacer tres preguntas: Es legitimo el intercambio de bienes? Comparten valores y se benefician equitativamente las partes en el intercambio? Cuales son las consecuencias?
- Labor's Comparative Disadvantage
If you care about the hotly contested issues of trade and immigration, then you should know something about comparative advantage, the 200-year-old economic theory that describes the benefits of specialization. These three ideas are inextricably linked, yet not much attention is paid to the implications.
- Free Trade Means Empty Oceans
Rather than force poor nations to accept further liberalization of fisheries, rich countries must establish new rules for sustainable and equitable management of the oceans. Unregulated free trade in this sector threatens marine life, food security, and developing world income.
- Greening U.S. Trade
President Bush is trying to pass trade bills with Panama, Peru, Colombia, and South Korea. Unfortunately, these treaties fall far short of a Congressional mandate stating that U.S. trade bills must have significant environmental provisions and backpedal on effective precedents that were set under NAFTA.
- United States Obligated to Promote Labor Rights
The United States has been a strong advocate of linking trade agreements and worker rights since the 19th century. But the United States will not be a credible advocate of labor rights unless it consistently applies international labor rights standards abroad as well as at home.
- Central versus Local
More than any other countries on Earth, says Timothy Savage, China and the United States hold the key to whether humanity can put the brakes on its greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the dire consequences of global warming. Tension has been growing in both countries between local and central government approaches to climate change.
- Central versus Local
More than any other countries, China and the U.S. hold the key to whether humanity can put the brakes on its greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the dire consequences of global warming. Tension has been growing in both countries between local and central government approaches to climate change.
- Creative Industries as Growth Engine
The cultural and creative industries are areas in which many developing countries enjoy some comparative advantage. The rise of the digital economy and the increasing commercialization of the arts create a window of opportunity for these countries.
- Wiki Influence
This story reminds us that a community like Wikipedia's editors is vulnerable to manipulation by commercial interests—and that information is power.
If you could peek inside their corporate playbooks, you would find that most sports franchises are searching for ways to globalize their brands.
- Send the SOS for Globalization?
Is globalization over, or just stuck in a gyre? From Russia to Venezuela, governments appear to be turning their backs on open markets, economic liberalization, and foreign investment, causing many thinkers to sound the SOS.
- United States Must Redefine "Fair Trade"
Devin Stewart argues that it is in the enlightened self-interest of the United States, as the greatest beneficiary of globalization, to foster freedom and fairness not only at home but also in the global economy.
- Gross Domestic Innovation
OECD countries will need to be ever more innovative in order to adapt to a growing global workforce that is increasing in technological savvy. Rao proposes measuring Gross Domestic Innovation (GDI) as a means of tracking progress and influencing policy.
- Remember Bird Flu?
While the spread of the dreaded H5N1 virus across Southeast Asia garnered much press coverage in 2005, the topic seemed to slip off the radar in 2006. Rest assured, however: bird flu has not gone away. In fact, there were more cases reported in 2006 than in any previous year.
- The Positive Deviance Initiative Story
Policy Innovations interviews Jerry Sternin of the Positive Deviance Initiative.
- Environmental Treaties: Inconvenience or Opportunity?
The Kyoto Protocol took effect on February 16, 2005, as the first legally binding environmental treaty committed to reducing greenhouse emissions. But the United States, the world's largest polluter, continues to boycott the agreement. Parties to the convention recently started debating how the system will be extended after it expires in 2012. President Bush has said he does not intend to submit the treaty for ratification because of the exemptions granted to developing countries such as China, the world's second biggest emitter of atmospheric carbon.
- Environmental Treaties: Inconvenience or Opportunity?
The Kyoto Protocol took effect on February 16, 2005, as the first legally binding environmental treaty committed to reducing greenhouse emissions. But the United States, the world's largest polluter, continues to boycott the agreement.
- The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Story
The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) has expanded the scope of research by introducing six novel vaccine candidates into clinical testing in the past six years. Senior Vice President Robert Hecht explains IAVI's groundbreaking practices in science as well as policy and advocacy.
- The Microfinance Moment
Over the last three decades, the popularity of microfinance has steadily increased. And now, with Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank winning the Nobel Peace Prize, microfinance has hit the front page.
- In Coherence Lies Opportunity
If global leaders are serious about reducing poverty, they are really talking about efforts to provide the world’s poor with the public goods and the human rights protection that many governments have been unable or unwilling to supply.
- Equitable Legalization: Give Consumers Legal Protection against Amoral Trade
Kim Beng Phar describes the difficult and often impossible legal paths that citizens and consumers face when trying to sue for human rights violations in a system where trade is globalized but justice is not, and proposes a solution.
- Reversing Babel
Nikolas K. Gvosdev, editor of The National Interest, discusses the emergence of English as globalization’s lingua franca and the moral implications of greater ease of communication across traditional political boundaries.
- Development and the WTO: Two Separate Undertakings
Liem Giok In asserts that developing countries must claim their own negotiation space in global trade talks. She proposes a two-track approach to multilateral negotiations: one track with a clear development agenda, and another for the market-expansion agenda of the stronger economies.
- Ethical Debate Simmers over GM Food
As with all of humanity’s efforts to tinker with nature, GM food has its share of benefits and risks—as well as vocal dissidents and supporters. It is clear that Europeans simply do not want GM food.
- Devin Stewart Interviews Ian Bremmer
"The J Curve is the nonlinear relationship between openness and stability," says Ian Bremmer, and it is important to recognise that a sudden increase of openness in closed societies such as North Korea and Cuba can lead to instability in the short-term.
- Valuing and Validating Nonpaid Work
If people, instead of raw growth, were the focus of our economic thinking, then nonmarket activities would assume their proper value in our understanding of the economy.
- Human Rights Must Be a Consideration for Economic Development Organizations
It is often argued that organizations that deal with economic development should avoid human rights issues because the two topics are distinct. This argument holds true only if people see human rights as strictly legal obligations.
- Jere Van Dyk Interviews Joseph Stiglitz
"I firmly believe that aid and trade have to work together," says Dr. Stiglitz. "If we provide assistance to help people to take advantage of the new opportunities, we can get real growth, and they won’t need the handouts as much as in the past."
- "Saving Amina": Global Justice for Women and Intercultural Dialogue [Abstract]
Western moral and political theorists have devoted much attention to the victimization of women by non-western cultures, wrote Alison Jaggar in 2005. But, conceiving injustice to poor women in poor countries as a matter of their oppression by illiberal cultures yields an incomplete understanding of their situation. Free online till December 31, 2014.
- Debt and Trade: Time to Make the Connections
Debt reduction, or even cancellation, cannot have lasting benefits unless structural features of developing-country trade are also addressed.
- Democratizing Globalization
Over 50 intellectual, political, and civil society leaders convened at Carnegie Council to debate the links between poverty, democracy, security and globalization. Participants explored the role that the U.S. and other G8 countries can and should play with regard to promoting human rights and development.
- American Power and Responsibility in a New Century [Excerpt]
Assuming that this is, indeed, a historic opportunity for the United States to exercise its power on behalf of liberal, democratic values how can it do so in a morally responsible fashion?
- Ethical Issues for Today
What is the difference between ethics and law? Unlike the law, ethics involves other people, says Elie Wiesel, in this powerful, moving, and wide-ranging talk in 1996. We must be sensitive to the needs of others and constantly ask ourselves if we are doing enough to stand up for victims and care for others, both compatriots and strangers.
- "In Your Hands: A Guide for Community Action"
"America's advances depend on every citizen. From now until the Declaration's tenth anniversary on December 10, 1958, you will want to study and discuss the Declaration, examine the human rights situation in your town and plan an observance that will lead to action."
- Patriotism and Altruism: Prize-Winning Essay by Reinhold Niebuhr
As a response to World War I, in 1915-16 the Church Peace Union (now Carnegie Council) launched an innovative program of peace education in churches and Sunday Schools. It also held an essay contest, and the young Reinhold Niebuhr won the top prize for seminary students. Here is his winning essay, dated 1915.
- Table of Contents, Volume 27.2, Summer 2013
- Table of Contents, Volume 27.1, Spring 2013
- Join Our Annual Teach-in! Global Ethics Day, October 18, 2017
October 18 is Global Ethics Day! Why not hold an event exploring the role of ethics in international affairs? These events will be run by each institution as it sees fit while being part of a worldwide Global Ethics Day. We hope you'll join us.
- Western Pessimism, Asian Optimism: Three Perspectives on Global Governance
Each of these books underlines the predicaments and challenges of global governance today. Stronger initiatives are urgently needed to provide the opportunities for more positive national action.
- Sovereign Virtues: Aziz Al-Azmeh and Michael Ignatieff on the Failures of Globalization
This article was posted in "Carnegie Reporter" on May 25. The following excerpt is posted with permission from Carnegie Corporation of New York. Michael Ignatieff was Carnegie Council's Centennial Chair. The results of his project for the Council, Global Ethical Dialogues, are the subject of his book, "The Ordinary Virtues," due out in September 2017.
- Todd Moss
Todd Moss is vice president for programs and senior fellow at the Center for Global Development.
- Didier Jacobs
Didier Jacobs is senior policy advisor at Oxfam America.
- Martin Khor
Mr. Martin Khor joined South Centre as executive director on March 1, 2009. Prior to this, he was the director of the Third World Network, a leading developing-country civil society organization involved in research and publications in trade, environment, and development issues.
- Elizabeth Arkell
Elizabeth Arkell is summer associate at Public International Law and Policy Group.
- George Kent
George Kent is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Hawaii, where he works on human rights, international relations, peace, development, and environmental issues, with a special focus on nutrition and children.
- Ann Roberts
Ann Roberts edited the Financial Times's twice monthly Global Water Report from 1996-2006. She has also written on water issues for the UK's Independent and The Scotsman newspapers, and commented on water matters for BBC radio and television current affairs programs. She has traveled through rural South Africa examining small water projects as well as touring the Palestinian West Bank to report on the dire water situation there.
- Nayan Chanda
Nayan Chanda is the Director of Publications and the Editor of YaleGlobal Online magazine at the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization.
- Sasha Issenberg
Sasha Issenberg has written for Slate, The Washington Monthly, Inc., Philadelphia, Conde Nast Traveler, and George, where he served as a contributing editor. The Sushi Economy is his first book. He lives in Philadelphia.
- Liem Giok In
Liem Giok In is the author of Interdependent Economy: From Political Economy to Spiritual Economy. She received her Master's Degree in economics from the University of St. Gallen (Switzerland) in 1974.
- Alfredo Sfeir-Younis
Alfredo Sfeir-Younis recently retired from the World Bank, where he held various key positions for nearly 29 years. His last position was Senior Advisor to the managing directors, and the Institutional Focal Point on human rights.
- Mathew Pokoik
Mathew Pokoik is a photographer, arts activist, educator, and arts administrator.
- Phil Aroneanu
Phil Aroneanu is Creative Media Coordinator of 350.org, an international campaign to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
- Emma Stokes
- Gabriele Köhler
Gabriele Koehler is a development practitioner based in Munich.
- Zhang Yue
Zhang Yue is the founder, chairman, and CEO of BROAD Group.
- Jeb Brugmann
Jeb Brugmann, founding partner of The Next Practice, is a strategist and innovation expert in the fields of business and development.
- Heather Metcalfe
Heather Metcalfe is the founder and executive director of Artfully Unforgotten, a nonprofit dedicated to raising funds and awareness for disadvantaged women and children through the creative arts.
- Geoff Lawton
Geoff Lawton is managing director at The Permaculture Research Institute.
- Juliet Michaelson
Juliet Michaelson is a project manager and researcher at the the new economics foundation centre for well-being.
- John Bunzl
John Bunzl founded the International Simultaneous Policy Organisation, a group that seeks coordinated solutions to global problems.
- Andreas Bummel
Andreas Bummel is founding Chairman and CEO of Democracy Without Borders (formerly Committee for a Democratic U.N.) and coordinator of the international Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly.
- Alexandra Wrage
Alexandra Wrage is the president of TRACE, an international nonprofit membership association working with companies to raise their antibribery compliance standards.
- Laura Raynolds
Laura T. Raynolds is codirector of the Center for Fair and Alternative Trade Studies and professor of sociology at Colorado State University.
- Douglas Murray
Douglas Murray is codirector of the Center for Fair and Alternative Trade and professor of sociology at Colorado State University.
- Dean Baker
Dean Baker is Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C. He previously worked as a senior economist at the Economic Policy Institute and an assistant professor at Bucknell University.
- David Lempert
Professor Lempert is a California attorney, M.B.A., social anthropologist, educator, author and consultant who has worked in more than 20 countries on five continents since the early 1980s, pioneering new mechanisms in rights, law, education, development work, and social science.
- Valeria Budinich
Valeria Budinich launched the Ashoka's Full Economic Citizenship initiative in 2003 after having worked for 20 years in the creation of business development programs in 22 countries.
- Olivier Kayser
Based in London, Olivier Kayser is Ashoka's vice-president for Europe.
- Jerry Sternin
Jerry Sternin, the director of the Positive Deviance Initiative, has extensive experience working with PD around the world.
- Catherine Shimony
Catherine Lieber Shimony is the cofounder and codirector of Global Goods Partners and the former director of international programs at American Jewish World Service (AJWS), an independent nonprofit organization founded in 1985 to help alleviate poverty, hunger and disease among the people of the world regardless of race, religion or nationality.
- Zhang Jin
Zhang Jin is the outreach officer at the secretariat of the UN Secretary-General’s High-level Panel on Global Sustainability (GSP).
- Whitney Eulich
Whitney Eulich is studying toward a master of international affairs at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs. She focuses on the use of media and communications in conflict resolution and peace-building.