- Would the World Be Better Without the UN? with Thomas G. Weiss
Thomas Weiss, a leading expert on the history and politics of the United Nations, gives incontrovertible evidence of the UN's achievements, such as the eradication of smallpox, but also details where the organization has fallen short. This is a critical time for all multilateral organizations and treaties, he stresses, as Trump has no regard for international cooperation.
- Restoring Trust: How Can the American Public Regain its Confidence in its National Security Apparatus?
There is a huge divide in the way Americans assess U.S. foreign policy. Take for example, the June G7 meeting, which ended in a clash between Trump and some of America's closest allies: Some say it was a disaster; others say Trump did the right thing. Where do we go from here to restore trust in expertise and government? Don't miss this fascinating conversation with two leading commentators, Colin Dueck and Kori Schake.
- The Impeachment of South Korean President Park Geun-hye
This report explores the timeline and details of South Korean President Park Geun-hye's impeachment, and the aftermath that followed. Park Geun-hye's history begins with her father's military takeover of the South Korean government in 1961, the assassination of her mother and father, her handling and alleged mismanagement of the Sewol Ferry Disaster, and her ties to the Choi family.
- Democracy Promotion in the Age of Trump
In this panel Adrian Basora makes a strong case for democracy as not only promoting American values but also serving U.S. interests, while Maia Otarashvili gives a frightening overview of the rise of "illiberal values" (Viktor Orbán's phrase) in the Eurasia region. Basora and Otarashvili are co-editors of "Does Democracy Matter? The United States and Global Democracy Support" and Nikolas Gvosdev is one of the contributors.
- Carnegie Council Congratulates Michael Ignatieff on Winning Eighth Annual Zócalo Book Prize for "The Ordinary Virtues"
Michael Ignatieff's latest book, "The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World," which grew out of his Centennial project for Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, has won the prestigious Zócalo Book Prize for 2018.
- "End of an Era" in China, with Carl Minzner
"I'm not making an argument that Maoism is coming back; we're very far away from that. But the crucial thing to recognize is just what we had known as characterizing the reform era is going away, and China is shifting into a more personalized authoritarian regime and one which is more closed with respect to outside influence. For me, I think when you see those things happening it makes you worried about what's the next norm that starts to break."
- Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War, with Paul Scharre
"What happens when a predator drone has as much as autonomy as a self-driving car, moving to something that is able to do all of the combat functions all by itself, that it can go out, find the enemy, and attack the enemy without asking for permission?" asks military and technology expert Paul Scharre. The technology's not there yet, but it will be very soon, raising a host of ethical, legal, military, and security challenges.
- Crime and Global Justice: The Dynamics of International Punishment, with Daniele Archibugi
Are we witnessing a new era of cosmopolitan justice or are the old principles of victors' justice still in play? Economic and political theorist Daniele Archibugi discusses his new book, "Crime and Global Justice," which examines the history of global criminal justice and presents five case studies: Augusto Pinochet, Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić, Saddam Hussein, and Omar al-Basheer.
- Poverty Reduction & Social Welfare in China, with Qin Gao
Professor Qin Gao, director of Columbia's China Center for Social Policy, explains the workings of the Chinese "Dibao" (limited income guarantee) system. "Dibao is doing relatively better than many other similar programs in developing countries," says Gao, yet it has limitations and some negative aspects. She also discusses Xi Jinping's ambitious goal to eradicate poverty by 2020, and the benefits of a Universal Basic Income (UBI)system.
- The Peacemakers: Leadership Lessons from Twentieth-Century Statesmanship, with Bruce Jentleson
What are the qualities and conditions that enable people to become successful peacemakers? At a time when peace seems elusive and conflict endemic, Bruce Jentleson makes a forceful and inspiring case for the continued relevance of statesmanship and diplomacy and provides practical guidance to 21st-century leaders seeking lessons from some of history's most accomplished negotiators, activists, and trailblazers.
- Reading List and Discussion Questions on President Park's Impeachment in South Korea
This 10.5-week Asia Dialogues reading list with discussion questions adresses the impeachment of South Korea's president, Park Geun-hye.
- The Living Legacy of WWI: Chemical Weapons from the Great War to Syria, with Zach Dorfman
"What you stopped seeing after World War I was great power conflict involving chemical weapons, and what you started seeing was asymmetric conflicts or regional conflicts that involved chemical weapons. That actually disturbed me even more because what I started realizing was that as time went on the weaker you were, the more likely that another state would use chemical weapons against you or your people."
- Us Vs. Them: The Failure of Globalism, with Ian Bremmer
"The failure of globalism [an ideology of bringing people closer together] is very different than the failure of globalization," says Ian Bremmer. "I don't think globalization has failed. It has led to a lot more wealth. It has taken a lot of people out of poverty." But in many Western countries the losers have not been taken care of, so the backlash is hardly surprising. What about the Chinese approach? Is it more successful?
- On Grand Strategy, with John Lewis Gaddis
Are there such things as timeless principles of grand strategy? If so, are they always the same across epochs and cultures? What can we learn from reading the classics, such as Thucydides, Sun Tzu, and Clausewitz? "The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing," according to Isaiah Berlin. Which type makes better strategists, or do you need to be a bit of both? John Lewis Gaddis has some wise and thoughtful answers.
- #MeToo in China, with Maura Cunningham and Jeffrey Wasserstrom
China experts Cunningham and Wasserstrom start by talking about the small, mainly campus-based #MeToo campaign in China--to avoid internet censorship young people often use emojis of a rice bowl and a rabbit, which sound the same as "me too" in Chinese, but now the censors have figured that out--and go on to consider more general issues of censorship, repression, and the ups and downs of gender equality in China.
- The Dangers of a Digital Democracy, with Rana Foroohar
The revelations about the misuse of Facebook data have started a pushback against the top five big tech companies: Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, and Google. How do approaches to privacy and data use differ in the U.S., Europe, and China? What kind of transparency should we demand? How will AI affect workers? All this and more in a lively and informative discussion with author and "Financial Times" columnist Rana Foroohar.
- How to Deal With Xi's China? Engage, but Be Wary
"With the recent moves aimed at consolidating power within the presidency of Xi Jinping, a new era may be beginning in terms of how China both runs its internal politics and engages with the rest of the world," writes Carter Vance. How should the world respond?
- Liberalism in the Philippines, with Lisandro Claudio
Populist leader President Duterte has killed thousands in his "war on drugs," idolizes Putin, and openly uses fake news and excessive nationalism to consolidate his power. And it's working: he has an 82 percent popularity rating right now. What happened to the nation's liberal democratic heritage? Author and historian Lisandro Claudio discusses the situation and how he is using Youtube videos, articles, and a new book to fight back.
- Anti-Pluralism: The Populist Threat to Liberal Democracy, with William A. Galston
Some unpleasant truths for liberals, from William Galston: The rise of anti-pluralist populist movements is caused by a combination of economic factors and migration; we need to take these concerns seriously, instead of feeling morally superior. In the U.S., this will require reintegrating our economy so that small towns and rural areas thrive again; breaking through government gridlock; and purging the "poison" of our immigration policies.
- The United Nations, Human Rights, and American Disengagement
A new "Foreign Policy" article says that as the United States has disengaged from the United Nations, Russia and China have moved to fill the vacuum. But they are not seeking to dismantle the liberal order--a theme discussed and debated in the current issue of "Ethics & International Affairs"--but reshape it more to their liking and preferences.
- The Origins of Happiness, with Richard Layard
Today we can accurately measure happiness and we know much more about its causes, says Professor Layard. It turns out that getting richer is often not enough for real happiness. So now, instead of just looking at GDP, many policymakers around the world are focusing on how to raise the level of people's satisfaction with their lives, including their mental and physical health, for example.
- Uncertainties About America's Global Reliability
Doubts about America's reliability as a guarantor and support of the liberal international order have been increasing since the 2016 election. What impact is this having on America's closest and most critical relationships?
- The Return of Marco Polo's World, with Robert D. Kaplan
If you wish to understand the depth and breadth of the geographical, historical, technological, and political forces that are shaping our world, there is no better guide than Robert Kaplan. Using Marco Polo's journey as "a geographical framing device for Eurasia today," he examines China's ambitious One Belt One Road project, dissecting China's imperial dream and its multiple, under-reported objectives.
- The Lost History of Prosecuting Axis War Crimes, with Dan Plesch
Before Nuremberg--indeed, long before the end of the war--there was the United Nations War Crimes Commission, a little-known agency which assisted national governments in putting on trial thousands of Axis war criminals in Europe and Asia. Why do we know so little about it? "With the onset of the Cold War and the repression of civil rights in America, this whole Commission was shut down," says Dan Plesch. Learn more about this buried history.
- Ethics & International Affairs Volume 32.1 (Spring 2018)
The heart of this Special Issue is a roundtable on the theme of "Rising Powers and the International Order," with contributions from G. John Ikenberry, Shiping Tang, Anne L. Clunan, Deepa M. Ollapally, Ole Wæver, and Andrew Hurrell. Each essay in the collection examines the future of the global order from the perspective of one or more major rising powers, as well as the EU and the United States. The issue also contains an essay on golden visas and the marketization of citizenship by Ayelet Shachar; a review essay on eliminating corruption by Gillian Brock; and book reviews from Kevin Macnish, Colleen Murphy, Brigit Toebes, and Steven Vanderheiden.
- Just Out: "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2018 Issue
The heart of this Special Issue is a roundtable on the theme of "Rising Powers and the International Order." Each essay in the collection examines the future of the global order from the perspective of one or more major rising powers, as well as the EU and the United States.
- Motorcycles & the Art of Politics in Thailand, with Claudio Sopranzetti
Anthropologist Sopranzetti's new book discusses the surprising role of motorcycle taxi drivers in a recent coup in Thailand, and their important place in everyday Thai life. In this fascinating interview, he also looks at the bigger picture: "there is a larger trend in East Asia of a certain Chinese model of authoritarianism that is not outside the rule of law, but in fact uses the rule of law to govern through other methods."
- Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations, with Amy Chua
"The United States today is starting to display destructive political dynamics much more typically associated with developing countries: ethno-nationalist movements, the erosion of trust in our institutions and electoral outcomes, and above all, the transformation of democracy into an engine of zero-sum political tribalism."
- Sexual Exploitation: The Dynamics of Gender and Power
The Harvey Weinstein scandal ignited a crusade against sexual assault, which has expanded internationally. "This pivotal movement has made one thing absolutely clear: sexual harassment is everywhere. The relationship between power and sexual exploitation affects every industry in every country and is the most pressing ethical issue in the world."
- "Modern Slavery" with Siddharth Kara
In his third book on slavery, which took 16 years of research, Siddharth Kara calculates that there are roughly 31 million slaves worldwide, at least half of them in South Asia. We need to apply much more resources and compassion to end "this horrible indignity."
- Deciphering the Middle East and Trump's National Security Stategy, with Asha Castleberry
Asha Castleberry, Fordham professor and U.S. Army veteran, describes her "mixed reaction" to Trump's National Security Strategy--touching on China and Russia, cybersecurity, and climate change--and what effect it will actually have on the military's operations. Plus, she details an increasingly complicated Middle East, with the Saudi crown prince on a warpath and a dangerous transitional period in Syria and Iraq after major victories against ISIS.
- Trump's National Security Strategy, with Julianne Smith
"I would say most of the people I have talked to outside of government, including some people in Congress, have been a little taken aback," says Julie Smith, senior fellow at Center for a New American Security. "A lot of people have been left scratching their heads because a lot of what appears in the strategy has actually been contradicted by the president himself in one or another of his tweet storms."
- Top Carnegie Council Resources, 2017
2017 will be remembered for upheavals across the board and Carnegie Council's audience picks reflect this. Our most popular podcasts and web resources this year focused on shifts in the established geopolitical order; migrants and refugees; and the disruptions brought about by new technologies.
- Banning Nuclear Weapons with 2017 Nobel Peace Prize Winner ICAN
Did you know that 122 countries have adopted a treaty to ban nuclear weapons? The organization behind this movement is the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). In this spirited and informative discussion, Ray Acheson and Beatrice Fihn of ICAN take apart the nuclear deterrence myth, expecially in the case of North Korea, and the belief that nukes are "special" and therefore exempt from the ban on targeting civilians.
- From Charlottesville to North Korea: Filming Social Change with Josh Davis
In a wide-ranging conversation, Emmy award-winning Vice News producer Josh Davis takes Devin Stewart behind the scenes of his in-depth documentaries, from the deadly white nationalist rally in Charlottesville to daily life in North Korea.
- Over 60 Organizations in 30+ Countries Celebrate Global Ethics Day, 2017
October 18, 2017 marked the fourth annual Global Ethics Day, with participation from over 60 organizations and individuals from 31 countries on five continents. Founded by Carnegie Council in 2014 to celebrate its centennial, Global Ethics Day is a global teach-in, an opportunity for institutions to explore the role of ethics in a globalized world. From the Gambia to Nicaragua to Romania, everyone celebrated in their own way.
- Trump, North Korea, China: War or Peace, with Gordon G. Chang
There is disturbing evidence that China is weaponizing North Korea, and it's time that Washington started asking Beijing some pointed questions, says Gordon Chang. The fact is, the United States has overwhelming leverage over China--we just don't use it enough--and China has overwhelming leverage over North Korea. "These two points lead to one conclusion, and that is, we can, without the use of force, disarm North Korea."
- Elizabeth Economy on China, Climate Change, and the Environment
How does climate change play into Xi Jinping's larger strategy for China's economy and its role on the global stage? Xi has a vision for addressing climate change and pollution; but how is it implemented in practice, especially in the hinterlands far from the rich coastal provinces? Elizabeth Economy is an expert on Chinese domestic and foreign policy, especially related to environmental matters. She explores these questions and more.
- Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? with Graham Allison
Thucydides is not saying that the inevitable frictions between a rising power and a ruling one will always lead to war, says Allison. The danger is when "third-party actions become provocations to which one or the other feels obliged to react, to which the other primary actor feels obliged to respond, which then leads to a cascade, often dragging people where they do not want to go." Think North Korea.
- The Future of War: A History, with Lawrence Freedman
"Though most of the literature you will read on the future of war certainly talks about war as between regular armies, as proper fights, now with drones or with autonomous vehicles or robots or whatever, or even painless--cyber and so on--yet actually the reality of war is as it has always been: it is vicious, and it is nasty, and it kills the wrong people, and it does so in considerable numbers."
- Fake News and Google with Daniel Sieberg
How much of a threat is fake news to the average citizen? What is Google doing to counteract its spread? Learn more with this conversation with Daniel Sieberg, co-founder of Google News Lab. Launched about three years ago, the News Lab is a small team of Google employees who collaborate with journalists and entrepreneurs around the world to use technology to strengthen digital storytelling and produce more in-depth reporting.
- After Liberal Hegemony: The Advent of a Multiplex World Order with Amitav Acharya
The liberal order was never truly a global order, and we're not entering a multipolar era either, says Amitav Acharya. It's more accurate to call it a decentered, "multiplex" world, one where there are multiple consequential actors and complex global interdependence. Such a world is an unprecedented phenomenon and globalization will surely change. But it won't necessarily be a period of instability.
- The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World
To mark Carnegie Council's Centennial, Michael Ignatieff and team set out to discover what moral values people hold in common across nations. What he found was that while universal human rights may be the language of states and liberal elites, what resonate with most people are "ordinary virtues" practiced on a person-to-person basis, such as tolerance and forgiveness. He concludes that liberals most focus on strengthening these ordinary virtues.
- The Evolution of Corporate Ethics: A Strategic Case for Profit Maximization through Responsible Behavior
"We are now transitioning from a world where philanthropic social contributions, i.e., Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), influenced behavior, to one where authentic Positive Impact drives behavior," write Ben Ersing and Robert Matus of Palladium International. Change is always difficult, both for individuals and corporations, but there are a handful of visionary leaders showing the way.
- New Book, "The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World" by Carnegie-Uehiro Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff
Carnegie Council congratulates Michael Ignatieff on the publication of "The Ordinary Virtues." This important book is the culmination of his Carnegie Council Centennial project, Global Ethical Dialogues, a multi-year initiative that engaged societies across the world in the quest for a global ethic--shared values with which to tackle problems that transcend national boundaries.
- North Korea: A Conversation between Joel Rosenthal and Devin Stewart
Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal and Senior Fellow Devin Stewart discuss the tense North Korea situation. What does Kim Jong-un want? How should the United States respond? What would the "enlightened realist" do?
- Podcast Series on Rising Tensions in Asia
Over the summer, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow and Asia Dialogues Director Devin Stewart continued his series of interviews with a wide range of experts on Asia. Topics covered include U.S.-Asia relations under President Trump, North Korea, the Trump effect in Japan, Islamic influence in Indonesian politics, avoiding war with China, and more.
- The Trump Effect in Japan with Robert Dujarric
"When you have a president like Trump, you do have to ask yourself: 'What will the United States look like in five years or in ten years?' A strong United States is what the government of Japan wants. In that sense, Trump is a threat. It is one that not all, but I feel a lot of Japanese analysts, are oblivious to. And second, what can they do? The answer is they can't do anything."
- Heidi Grant on U.S. Air Force Global Partnerships
George Washington understood that building capable partners during peacetime can actually prevent war, says Heidi Grant. She is deputy under secretary of the Air Force, International Affairs, an organization which works with over a hundred countries to address shared security challenges. This includes selling them military equipment and increasing their capability to conduct their own ISR: intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
- Joshua Eisenman on "Chinese National Socialism"
Under Xi Jinping, China is stepping up a crackdown on freedom of expression, including in universites, reports China expert Joshua Eisenman. Is this the beginning of a new Cultural Revolution, as some people fear? If so, we need to understand that this time it will be a Cultural Revolution of the political right, not the left, says Eisenman. "The tactics that they're using are neo-Maoist tactics, but the ideas are neo-fascist."
- Scott Kennedy of CSIS: Worst Case Scenarios for China's Economy
After four decades of stellar growth, where is China's economy headed today? "In the last few years not only has the economy slowed down, but the government's commitment to economic liberalization has waned," warns Scott Kennedy, an expert on China's economy.
- Stratfor's Rodger Baker on the Rebalancing of World Politics and Asia
"I think the biggest impact of Donald Trump's presidency, particularly in Asia-Pacific, has been the concept of uncertainty," says Baker, citing the lack of a clear and concise policy from the administration. "Uncertainty, if the United States were just a small peripheral country, is manageable; uncertainty when the United States is such a large and impactful country becomes very difficult to manage."
- Ziad Haider: U.S.-Asia Economic Ties Under Trump
In this post-TPP world where the U.S. has taken a step back from Asia, the vacuum is being filled by China's initiatives, such as the One Belt One Road, says Ziad Haider, former State Department special representative for commercial and business affairs. Nevertheless, we shouldn't fall into the narrative of "The United States and China are locked into competition." China's actions also offer opportunities for the U.S.
- Scott D. Sagan on the Nuclear Necessity Principle
Major changes must be made if U.S. nuclear war plans are to conform to the principles of just war doctrine and the law of armed conflict, declares Stanford University's Scott Sagan. He proposes a new doctrine: "the nuclear necessity principle." In sum, the U.S. will not use nuclear weapons against any target that could be reliably destroyed by conventional means.
- Michele Wucker on when the Gray Rhino Hits Asia
Michele Wucker describes a gray rhino as the "love child of the black swan and the elephant in the room." In other words, "it's a metaphor for the big, obvious thing that's coming at you that you've got a choice to deal with or not." Why has this concept struck such a chord in China, Taiwan, and Korea, while Americans tend to be more in denial about their gray rhinos?
- George Friedman: The End of the International Order and the Future of Asia
Tired of conventional wisdom? Check out geopolitical forecaster George Friedman. The period that began at the end of World War II was a freak, he says. "We're returning to a more normal structure in which the nation-state is dominant, international trade is intense but managed by states for their own benefit, and where this idea that the nation-state is obsolete goes away." And find out why he's bullish on Japan and thinks we overestimate China.
- Meredith Sumpter: The "G-Zero" World Hits Asia
"First and foremost, a G-zero is a world in which no one country has dominant power or can influence the international system of governance," explains political risk expert Meredith Sumpter. "We are amidst a transition to a multipolar world, a world that is marked by the relative rise and power of other countries, even while the United States continues to be the most powerful country."
- Alexander Klimburg on "The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace"
In the West we view cyber threats as largely a technical issue, while in Russia and China they see it in terms of propaganda, information control, and influencing their domestic affairs, says Alex Klimburg. When we confuse these two narratives, we risk missing other nations' key strategies to push the Internet in unwanted directions. Indeed, almost without realizing it, we are contributing to something approaching an arms race in cyber.
- Graham Allison on "Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?"
Thucydides's Trap is the dangerous dynamic that occurs when a rising power threatens to displace a ruling power, explains Harvard's Graham Allison. So is war between China and the United States inevitable? No, says Allison, but both nations will have to make "painful adaptations and adjustments" to avoid it, starting with U.S. policy adjustments regarding the South China Sea and the Korean Peninsula.
- Isaac Stone Fish: Facts and Fiction on North Korea
Asia Society's Isaac Stone Fish is working on a novel set in Pyongyang, but he's also looking for the truth in the "world's most opaque country." Why does he think the North Koreans are acting rationally? What are the possible outcomes if tensions continue to rise between Kim and Trump?
- Mira Rapp-Hooper on "Subcontracting" U.S. Policy Toward Asia
The U.S. and China have fundamentally different priorities regarding the Korean Peninsula, explains Asia expert Rapp-Hooper. "So, by subcontracting North Korea policy to China," she says, "I think the United States is evincing some amount of naïveté on how far Beijing is likely to actually be willing to go."
- Pankaj Ghemawat on Global Strategy in the Age of Brexit and Trump
How should companies strategize in the age of "Brump" (shorthand for Brexit and Trump)? Should they think locally rather than globally? Are trade wars inevitable, and if so, how will they affect countries large and small? Don't miss this analysis from economist Pankaj Ghemawat.
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Podcasts for the 2016-17 Program Year
Carnegie Council presents the top 10 most downloaded podcasts from our program year, July 2016-June 2017. Topics include Japan and the Philippines; the potential effects of new technologies; and the troubled state of U.S. and global politics.
- Conversation with Raymond Kuo: Can Trump be a Bismarck in Asia?
"This has happened before where we've had a great power who is essentially the leader of the international system taking a transactional approach. The closest example would be maybe Bismarck in the 1870s until the eve of World War I. There it worked quite well. . . . The drawbacks of this, of course, are that it is highly unstable."
- The Earth Institute's Steven Cohen Offers Hope for a Sustainable Future
"I still believe that we're heading toward a renewable resource-based economy. I think that it's inevitable," declares Steven Cohen. How will we get there? A combination of market forces as renewables become cheaper, better technology, and the sharing economy.
- Amitai Etzioni on Avoiding War with China
The result of a war with China? "At best we have to spend hundreds of billions of dollars on weapons nobody will use which are badly in need of nation building at home; at worst, we get into a war with a major power that has nuclear weapons."
- Ali Wyne on the Risks of U.S. Disengagement from Asia
"Unless we are able to overcome our strategic attention deficit disorder for lack of a better phrase, and unless we are able to not only compete anew economically in the region, but also shape a constructive economic agenda in the region, I fear that that perception of American disengagement will only intensify," says Atlantic Council Fellow Ali Wyne.
- Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans
"Oceans dominate the world," says Admiral Stavridis. After all, 70 percent of the globe is covered by water. In this masterly overview of the seven seas, he touches on the maritime battles that changed history; current geopolitics from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean; and the fact that environmentally, the oceans are "the largest crime scene in the world."
- The U.S. Navy's View on Security in Asia and Beyond
Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart talks with Admiral John Richardson, the U.S. Navy's most senior-ranking officer. Topics include strategy; the security challenges the Navy faces today, focusing particularly on the Pacific; and the need for a bigger Navy. Admiral Richardson also discusses the Navy's core values: honor, courage and commitment.
- Carnegie Council Appoints Three New Senior Fellows
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs is pleased to welcome three new senior fellows: Alexander Görlach, German scholar on politics and religion; Richard Katz, expert on the Japanese economy and business; and Marlene Laruelle, political scientist specializing in Russia and Central Asia.
- The Coming War with China? The Ethics of Confrontation in the Pacific
Are the United States and China on the brink of war? Can the two nations avoid miscalculation and instead find common ground? Find out what this expert panel has to say.
- The Main(e) Concern in the South China Sea
On the 119th anniversary of the start of the Spanish-American War, the U.S. is facing another potential maritime conflict, this time with China. What lessons should the Trump administration learn from this war? What are the ethical and economic considerations of a possible conflict in the South China Sea?
- Easternization: Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond
"Financial Times" chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman says, "We've reached the point where the West's grip on world affairs begins to loosen." China's economic rise is, indeed, a big reason for this shift, but how do Brexit, Crimea, and "red lines" fit into the story? What will be the effect on Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa?
- "In Cambodia, 'democracy' is just a term . . ."
Phnom Penh-based human rights lawyer Sophorn Sek discusses the state of his nation's governance in this eye-opening interview. From corruption and nepotism to suspicious murders of government critics to tension over the role of China, Cambodia is facing a challenging time.
- Protestants: The Faith that Made the Modern World
Understanding Protestantism is fundamental to understanding the modern world, says Professor Alec Ryrie. It has shaped democratic liberalism, capitalism, limited government, the notion of free inquiry, and continues to gain converts all over the world. How did this all blossom from Martin Luther's "Ninety-five Theses" 500 years ago?
- Nuclear War with North Korea?
The North Koreans are not crazy, says Korea scholar Joel S. Wit. They have valid reasons for feeling threatened and their nuclear strategy has actually paid off for them. So what are the U.S. options at this point?
- Orville Schell on China's Role in the World
Orville Schell has been reporting on China since 1970. In this wide-ranging and insightful conversation he looks at China and the U.S. exit from TPP; North Korea; the South China Sea; China's values system (or lack of one); human rights; climate change; and more.
- Breaking Barriers: The Air Force and the Future of Cyberpower
The Air Force is heading America's efforts to modernize and secure its digital infrastructure and incorporate cyberspace into every aspect of its operations. Learn more in this talk with Lt. Gen. Bender, the Air Force's chief information officer and the leader of nearly 55,000 cyber operators.
- A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order
Concerned about where the world is heading? Don't miss this measured and comprehensive overview from Richard Haas, in which he lays out the global situation facing President Trump and what may lie ahead. Topics include the Middle East, Europe, Asia, Russia, NATO, the UN, and the main factor behind job losses.
- Integrating the Roles of Women into Japan's Climate Change Strategies
Among Shinzo Abe's most important initiatives are Cool Earth 50 to reduce greenhouse gases and Womenomics to increase women's participation in the labor force. Yet despite women's important roles in agriculture and environmental protection at many levels, when it comes to the environment, women's contributions and potential have been ignored.
- Nationalism: A Reason for Optimism
"In the end, there is something that we ought to take from the example of Korean nationalism. Nationalism can indeed exist along with globalization, without causing a hindrance."
- A "Chaotic" White House, and the U.S. Role in Asia and the World
In this outspoken and thoughtful interview, former State Department adviser Eliot Cohen expresses his dismay at the "chaotic and very badly run administration" and discusses the threats from China and North Korea, the role of the U.S. in the world, and the different approaches to military strategy taken by the West (Clausewitz) and China (Sun Tzu).
- Geoeconomics and Statecraft: Is China Outdoing the United States?
Co-author of "War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft," Jennifer Harris defines geoeconomics as "the use of economic instruments to achieve specific geopolitical results." Why and how are the Chinese so good at this and how will Trump do? While the verdict is still out, says Harris, "Trump's instincts run exactly 180 degrees in the opposite direction."
- Trump and the "Trilateral Relationship" in Northeast Asia
Asia expert and former Bush administration official Michael Green discusses the recent meeting between Trump and Abe and what may come of it, on trade in particular; the crucial trilateral alliance between the U.S., Japan, and South Korea; and finally, he offers some advice for the Trump administration going forward.
- Trump in Asia: Back to the Future?
In many ways, we're back to the future of reassuring every friend and ally--and adversary--that U.S. constancy is there, says Chris Nelson. In some sense, that's the case for every new administration. But the difference this time is that during the campaign Trump "did not present well" as far as Asian observers, especially Republicans, were concerned.
- Sensible Advice for Trump's Asia Policy
"Hopefully, 'America First' really means peace through strength; it means putting our economy and our economic policy at the forefront of our strategy; it means staying strong but using our force in only the most judicious manner." Asia-Pacific security expert Patrick Cronin analyzes the situation in Asia and offers practical advice for the new administration.
- Shalini Kantayya: The Intersection of Ethics, the Environment, & Economics
"I think we as a movement have not done a good job of making climate change a kitchen-table issue, of making this an economic issue for working families, and that is what it is. This is about taking money from the 1 percent and putting it in the hands of the many," says filmmaker Shalini Kantayya.
- Carnegie Council and the New Administration
Other organizations will no doubt focus on analyses of leadership style, rhetoric, and political conflict. At Carnegie Council, we will focus on the ethical principles at stake in the actual policies of the new administration--specifically its foreign policy. We are following three policy areas closely: alliances, climate, and free speech.
- Instability on the Korean Peninsula and the Trump Administration
North Korea is one of the most serious security risks facing the new U.S. administration and South Korea has a political vacuum at the top after impeaching its president. What are the possible scenarios over the next few years? Don't miss this in-depth conversation with Devin Stewart and Korea expert Scott Snyder.
- Will Trump be a "Madman" in Asia?
Are there advantages to Trump being seen as an unpredictable "madman" when dealing with Asia, as Nixon was once described in relation to Vietnam? Or will it just make things worse? Devin Stewart discusses Trump's potential foreign policy approaches to Asia with former State Department official Daniel Markey.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2017
The world is entering a geopolitical recession, i.e. an unwinding of the old global order, says political scientist Ian Bremmer, in his grimmest forecast ever. Topics include the potential challenges from a Trump administration, President Obama's legacy of a more fractured world, human rights in the Middle East, and the fate of liberalism.
- Articles Resulting from Carnegie Council Gender Research Delegation to Tokyo, November 2016
In November 2016, the Asia Dialogues program led a group of 12 Pacific Delegates from seven countries and a diverse set of professional backgrounds to Tokyo to examine moral issues around gender equality in Japanese society. Read articles about the visit, written by delegation members.
- Top 10 Carnegie Council Resources, 2016
In a year that will be remembered as era-defining, Carnegie Council's most popular 2016 podcasts and web resources focused on Asia, Russia, human rights, technology, and the fight against terrorism. Check out this varied list, which gives you an idea of the scope of the Council's work.
- Risks to U.S.-China Relations Under Trump
Where are U.S.-China relations right now and where are they headed? "I don't think we should give up hope in some way forward. But it's very tough, especially given what we know of the personalities of the two leaders involved," says China expert Wasserstrom. Going beyond the headlines, he provides valuable background information and insights.
- Donald Trump. . . . . Commander-in-Chief
Donald Trump is now president-elect. Despite the bitter opposition that occurred throughout the campaign, all Americans should want him to be successful. This is particularly true for his most important role as commander-in-chief, as he must deal with a variety of significant threats.
- Carnegie Council's 2016 Gender Research Delegation to Tokyo, Japan
Twelve delegates from seven countries and diverse professional backgrounds visited Tokyo to examine moral issues around gender equality in Japanese society. They participated in classroom discussions, expert lectures, cultural activities, and site visits, and described the trip as "eye opening" and "life-changing."
- Powerplay: The Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia
Why is there no NATO for Asia? After World War II, why did the United States opt for bilateral relationships with countries like Japan and South Korea? As Georgetown's Victor Cha explains, this was a "powerplay" by the Americans to contend with a "dangerous" and complex East Asia. Does this arrangement still make sense today?
- China, Japan, and America: Three Tigers on One Mountain?
"I don't think you can write about China and Japan without writing also about the United States," says journalist Richard McGregor. How has this complicated and high-stakes relationship evolved under Xi, Abe, and Obama? Is there room on the mountain for three tigers?
- Inside an Apple iPhone Factory in China
What really goes on in an Apple factory in China? In this fascinating conversation, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart talks to Dejian "Ken" Zeng, a grad student who went undercover at an iPhone factory in Shanghai, about 12-hour workdays, his minimalist life in the dorms, and why it's so hard to organize a labor movement in China.
- Major Security Challenges for the Next President
Afghanistan, terrorism, U.S.-Russia relations: Col. McCausland gives an expert analysis of all these security challenges and more. Yet he concludes on a hopeful note: "We need to remember that we are a great country. There are a lot of reasons to be optimistic. We endured in the past and by golly, we're going to endure in the future."
- Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World
In today's connected world--a "cosmopolis" dominated by the "four superpowers" Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon--what we need is to have more but also better free speech, declares Garton Ash. The West, particularly the U.S., should strive to promote global free speech, and we must foster a "robust civility" despite our differences.
- The Philippines, the South China Sea, and the Many Sides of President Duterte
Richard Heydarian, of Manila's De La Salle University, discusses the Philippines' landmark legal victory against China in the South China Sea dispute, and why the Sea is so important. He also examines President Duterte's multiple dimensions, and why he seems to be very popular among Filipinos.
- Sze Ping Lo: Towards a New Environmental Imagination
Sze Ping Lo, CEO of WWF-China, is equal parts activist and intellectual. Now in his early 40s, in a recent conversation Lo looked back on his distinguished 20+ year career as an environmentalist in China and reflected on the experiences and insights that have brought him to his current agenda in the green movement.
- The "Living, Breathing Modern Miracle" of ASEAN
Southeast Asia is the most diverse region on Earth, says Kishore Mahbubani, yet instead of a clash of civilizations, ASEAN is bringing about a fusion of civilizations--something that other regions could learn from. "So Southeast Asia, especially ASEAN, brings a lot of hope to the world. That's why I call it a living, breathing modern miracle."
- Foreign Affairs & U.S. History Materials, Curated for High School Teachers by a Teacher
The new Worksheets & Excerpts section of Carnegie Council's online educational resources includes material useful for comparative government, world history, and U.S. history courses, and is specially designed for high school teachers.
- What the Realities in China Mean for U.S. Policy
A frequent visitor to China, Professor Eisenman is an astute observer of the cataclysmic changes taking place there, from the emptying-out of the countryside to the ubiquitous use of the Wechat app. What's his advice for U.S. policy? Americans should try to understand China better, and be far more realistic and modest in their objectives.
- The Conscious Consumer
Part one of this three-part series on conscious capitalism examines the role of the conscious consumer. In this episode, hear the story of a victim of capitalism at its worst--and how one shopper is helping him tell his story. We also explore if and how consumers can use purchasing power to influence corporations' behavior.
- Higher Education's Role in Japan's Recovery
Japan has been investing in major reforms to improve its higher education system and therefore its economy. The goal is to foster a new class of globally-minded, creative, and entrepreneurial citizens who can compete with the rest of the world and help reverse Japan's downward slide. But how much will these reforms really achieve?
- Japan's Relationship with its Past and Future
Prime Minister Abe is the leading member of the small but powerful group Nippon Kaigi, which wants to turn its back on the international community and return to Japanese traditions. It advocates restoring the emperor to the center of power, eradicating equal rights for women, and revising the Constitution. What are its chances of success?
- Japan's Politics: A Move toward Nationalism or more of the Status Quo?
Was Prime Minister Abe's landslide victory in the July elections a vote of confidence in his ability to jump-start Japan's stagnant economy, or simply a desire for stability? Will he use his majority to revise Japan's constitution? What is the mood of the country today, especially among young people? Find out from Japan scholar Sheila Smith.
- Top 10 Podcasts for the 2015-16 Carnegie Council Program Year
Topics for the top 10 podcasts span the globe, and include Chinese immigrants in New York, India's Constitution, U.S-Russian relations, the future of technology, the teachings of Buddha, and the intricacies of global tax avoidance. Quite a varied collection!
- Move Over, Black Swan: Here Comes the Gray Rhino
Black swans are unforeseeable, but gray rhinos are the looming threats right in front of our noses that we choose to ignore, says policy analyst Michele Wucker. Her top five rhinos right now are: the fragmentation of the EU; liquidity shocks in the financial markets; political instability in the U.S.; climate change; and the Middle East.
- Carnegie Council Asia Dialogues Program Appoints Pacific Delegates for Tokyo Fact-Finding Trip on Gender Issues
In November 2016, Carnegie Council's Asia Dialogues program is leading a week-long fact-finding trip to Tokyo on gender issues. Drawn from a variety of professional, regional, and academic backgrounds, the group of Pacific Delegates has been selected to join this trip, engage in dialogue and research, and publish their findings.
- The Symbiotic Relationship between Western Media and Terrorism
Mass media and terrorism have become ever more intertwined in a mutually beneficial relationship often described as 'symbiotic.' This column examines that dynamic and outlines the need for news organizations to balance the public's right to know against the ability of militants to exploit news coverage to promote their beliefs.
- Threats and Opportunities on the Korean Peninsula
"Simply put, North Korea still needs to go a long way to achieve sophisticated levels of mid- to long-range nuclear missiles," declares Consul General Gheewan Kim. In this in-depth discussion, the panelists explore the current situation on the Korean peninsula, the role of China and the U.S., and opportunities for unification of the North and the South.
- Reading List and Discussion Questions on Gender and Japan
This 10.5-week Asia Dialogues Program reading list with discussion questions explores current issues relating to gender in Japanese society. Topics include: women in the workplace, equal voice in politics, demographic trends, and gender rights.
- A Filmmaker's Experience on Leaving Japan
Documentary filmmaker and TV journalist Kyoko Gasha discusses her film "Mothers' Way, Daughters' Choice," which is about Japanese women (like she herself) who remade their lives in New York City. She also talks about the difficulties facing working mothers in Japan, especially the long working hours, and how the culture is beginning to change.
- Gender Identity in Japan
Sonja Pei-fen Dale teaches at Tokyo's Hitotsubashi University, where she specializes in LGBT gender issues and identities in Japan. In this fascinating conversation about gender and minorities in Japan today, she discusses the term "X-gender," how LGBT individuals are perceived, the social ideal of the traditional family, and much more.
- Japan Doesn't Want the U.S. to Apologize for Bombing Hiroshima. Here's Why
Apologizing for a wartime act generations ago would be as welcome to Japanese political leaders as a cloud of mosquitoes. Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart and others explain why.
- Political and Cultural Challenges to Gender Parity in Japan
In the Global Gender Gap Report, Japan usually ranks around 100 out of 140 countries, says Mari Miura, a specialist on gender in Japan. The main reasons are economic--a huge gender pay gap; political--underrepresentation of women in politics; and cultural--traditional gender and family roles. But younger generations are trying to change these paradigms.
- Carnegie Council Announces the Appointment of Six Pacific Fellows
Carnegie Council is pleased to announce the appointment of six Pacific Fellows based in Japan, Indonesia, and the Philippines. The fellowship is part of Carnegie Council's new Asia Dialogues program, which seeks to advance ethical inquiry around contentions within Asia and the United States.
- Feminism: The New "F-word" in Japan?
Senior Fellow Devin Stewart speaks with Natsumi Ikoma, the Center for Gender Studies director, International Christian University, Japan, about the state of feminism in Japanese art, literature, and society. Ikoma, a Carnegie Council Pacific Fellow, describes how women are portrayed in Japanese theater and how female writers are changing public debate.
- Carnegie Council Announces Grant from Henry Luce Foundation for Asia Dialogues Program
Carnegie Council's new Asia Dialogues Program and its project "Building Pacific Communities" aims to advance ethical inquiry within Asia and the United States. The goal is to foster moral leadership, mutual learning, and lasting relationships across the Pacific.
- The Lonely Resistance: Protesting Chinese Resource Exploitation on the Tibetan Plateau
China has dammed every major river in Tibet with many more dams in the planning stage. This and the pollution of waters through mining have created serious problems for Tibetans and those in neighboring countries. Despite political repression and profound isolation, Tibetans are struggling to make these dire conditions known to the rest of the world.
- Gender and Sexuality in Japan
Senior Fellow Devin Stewart speaks with sociologist James Farrer (Sophia University, Tokyo) about the changing norms around gender, sexual rights, dating, and marriage in Japan. They also discuss Farrer's advice for researchers interested in Japanese society. Farrer is co-author of "Shanghai Nightscapes: A Nocturnal Biography of A Global City."
- Human Rights in China with Jeffrey Wasserstrom
Senior Fellow Devin Stewart speaks to scholar Jeffrey Wasserstrom, of University of California, Irvine, about the current state of Chinese media, politics, leadership, and human rights. They also discuss the country's anti-corruption campaign, Chinese history, and Wasserstrom's new book "Eight Juxtapositions: China Through Imperfect Analogies."
- Reprivatized Womanhood: Changing Gender Discourse in Contemporary Urban China
Urban Chinese women face mounting challenges in the contemporary era of "reprivatized womanhood." But it was not always that way.
- The "Singapore School" of Asian Values: Down But Not Out?
When the Asian financial crisis of 1997 blunted the so-called "Asian Economic Miracle," critics--many Westerners, but also Asians tired of the tendentious claims of their cultural elites--bid good riddance to the end of "Asian values." Yet the "Singapore school" could well experience a revival in the foreseeable future, albeit in a different form.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016
Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
- Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
Master storyteller, researcher, and traveler Simon Winchester takes us on a fascinating voyage through the Pacific, tying it all together with two ethical questions: Should the Americans and the Chinese have a level playing field? And should we respect the ways of the Pacific ancients?
- The Confucian Vision for a Good Society
James Hsiung gives a clear and compelling explanation of Confucius' views on harmonious human relations and how societies should be run, discussing how his thought differs from Western philosophy. He also explains why and how Confucianism has finally been rehabilitated, after almost a century of ignominy.
- Chinese Immigrant Experiences in New York City
Manhattan's Chinatown is a city within a city; it's very poorly understood by outsiders. This panel of insiders helps change that. Topics include migrant financing, an overview of Chinese migration, the Chinatown gang wars of the 1970s, the "model minority" myth, and today's encroaching gentrification.
- American Century, Asian Century, or Nobody's Century?
Is the American century coming to a close, and if so, what's taking its place? Was there ever an American century to begin with? These questions have been around for at least a decade, but are still under debate. In this lively discussion, three experts with different perspectives give their opinions and forecasts for the future.
- The Ethics of Nuclear Power: Reflections on Carnegie Council Site Visit to Fukushima, Japan
As part of Carnegie Council's Global Ethical Dialogues site visits to eight countries around the world, in June 2015 the Council led a team of researchers, fellows, faculty, and students to conduct interviews in Japan on the ethical implications of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident.
- Namie Township, Fukushima, Japan, Case Study
This case study of ethical decisions, developed by Learning Initiative Inc., is based on archival data at Namie Township, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, from the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear crisis.
- Ethical Leadership: A Conversation with Chuck Hagel
The one constant in Chuck Hagel's varied and pressure-filled career has been ethical leadership. How have his experiences--in war, the boardroom, Congress, and as secretary of defense--shaped his leadership style?
- An Interview with Jim Sleeper on the Future of Liberal Education
Is anything in liberal education nonnegotiable? In this EIA interview, Jim Sleeper, author of "Innocents Abroad: Liberal Educators in Illiberal Societies," published in the journal's summer 2015 issue, talks about how numerous American universities are testing these limits.
- Innocents Abroad? Liberal Educators in Illiberal Societies
Is anything in liberal education nonnegotiable? With numerous expansions abroad, American universities are testing these limits.
- The Strategic Importance of U.S.-China Trade Ties
Everyone worries about the escalation of China's maritime disputes in the South China Sea. But the greatest long-term threat to U.S.-China relations may be something far less vivid, warns analyst Ali Wyne.
- U.S.-China MOOC Cooperation: Toward Educational Advancement
Although MOOCs are booming in China, the country still faces structural and technical challenges. A U.S.-China partnership on MOOCs will offer educational benefits to the large labor force in China and an additional market to expanding MOOCs in the United States.
- Full Planet, Empty Plates
"We are in transition today from an age of surpluses to an age of scarcity," says Lester Brown. The reasons are manifold: population growth; climate change; water scarcity; a substantial part of the U.S. grain harvest being used for fuel; increased demands because of rising affluence; and a glass ceiling for crop yields.
- Carnegie Council Congratulates Sayaka Osakabe on her International Women of Courage Award
Ms. Osakabe has become a national symbol of women's rights in Japan, leading a campaign to combat discrimination against pregnant women. Read more about her and about Devin Stewart's research on the changing role of women in Japan, including an interview with Ms. Osakabe.
- "Why Korean Unification Is Not a Selfish Wish" by Eunice Yoona Lee
"Considering the nature of today's major global issues, regional conflicts like that in Korea must be solved foremost in order for humanity's progress toward world peace, global partnership, and moral integrity to be continued without hindrance--Korea must return to its unified state, not just for the good of its own citizens but for a better future of the world."
- "Imagining a Better Future: Trust in Our Protectors" by Angela Yoon
"In order to rebuild peace in this century of discord, nations who have or are currently experiencing strife should pursue Security Sector Reform (SSR), with the support and assistance of the international community."
- Abenomics Meets Womenomics
Working women have long struggled to make their way in Japan, even in comparison to their counterparts in other advanced countries. But now many Japanese companies are acting to change that on their own--a shift that could provide a much-needed boost to the country's economy.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015
"The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
- America in Retreat: The New Isolationism and the Coming Global Disorder
America is not in decline, but it's certainly in retreat, says Stephens, and this is a mistake. He argues that the United States is the ultimate guarantor of a relatively decent, stable, liberal world order, governed by a sense of rules and the knowledge, both among its friends and adversaries, that it has the will and the wherewithal to ensure its interests.
- Outpost: Life on the Frontlines of American Diplomacy
Former ambassador Hill has worked on some of the most dangerous and difficult problems in U.S. diplomacy, from the Balkans, to North Korea, to Iraq. In this astute and often funny talk, he gives an inside look at his work as a diplomat, and also discusses the latest crises, from ISIS and Syria, to Ukraine and dealing with Russia.
- From "Indispensable Nation" to "Realism-Based Restraint": Reconsidering U.S. Engagement with the World
Former ambassador Chas Freeman has had a wide breadth of diplomatic experience, from the Middle East to Africa, East Asia, and Europe. In this conversation he eloquently speaks his mind on the negative effects of sanctions, the folly of U.S. unqualified support for Israel, the U.S. strategy and diplomacy deficits, and much more.
- The Shifts and the Shocks: What We've Learned--and Have Still to Learn--From the Financial Crisis
Why did the 2008 financial crisis occur? What should it teach us about modern economies and economics? Martin Wolf does a masterly job of untangling this complex catastrophe and proposes how we can avoid repeating our past mistakes.
- Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy
What are the requirements for a liberal democracy? It's not just voting, says Fukuyama. It needs a distinction between public and private interest; rule of law; and accountability. Although the U.S. started off as a weak, corrupt state, it became a liberal democracy. Yet all political systems are subject to decay, and that's what's happening to the U.S. today.
- Elite Perceptions of the United States in Europe and Asia
An interesting new report finds that political and business leaders in Asia value U.S. hard power while Europeans focus on American values. Both, however, view U.S. business and entrepreneurial spirit more positively than the government. What do these attitudes mean for policymakers and civil society?
- Climate Change and the Future of Humanity
Climate change is already here. The seas are rising, the glaciers are melting, and the atmosphere is warming. How can we work together to set a different course for humanity?
- Japan’s "'76ers" Gain Global Attention: New Liberal Elite Can Change Japan
In this "Nikkei Business" interview, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow discusses his research on Japan's generation known as "76ers"--i.e. those born around 1976. He talked to non-political elites, such as activists, researchers, students, journalists, and CEOs, and found that incremental but very significant changes are underway in Japan.
- Trust and Economic Growth in China
With 30 years of growth under its belt, has China joined the ranks of "developed" economies like the United States and Japan? What are obstacles to China's economic growth? What are its success stories? And how is Hong Kong faring?
- The Participation Gap
"Inequality doesn't result only from differences in income or wealth (the focus of French economist Thomas Piketty). It also has a political dimension, fueled by unequal access to power and the norm that all citizens deserve an equal voice."
- Can Japan Change? Yes, It Can!
It may not be a revolution, but change is happening in Japan in important ways. A more open attitude is emerging toward entrepreneurship, global education, civil society, and women in leadership positions, especially among people in their 30s and 40s.
- Womenomics and Culture Change in Japan
In Japan, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and a new generation of business leaders have launched a cultural shift, with many trying to increase female corporate leadership in order to promote the idea of "womenomics." In looking at Japan's business climate, gender equity in the workplace, and more, can gender quotas for leadership affect social change?
- The Naked Future: What Happens in a World That Anticipates Your Every Move?
Today we create information in everything that we do, and there is no going back. But instead of seeing this as as a threat, we should seize the opportunity to use it to our advantage, says Patrick Tucker. Big data can improve our lives, offering everything from more informed consumer choices to more accurate and detailed medical data.
- Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China
In Chinese, the word for ambition is "wild heart" and for millennia individual aspirations were looked down on, as the group always came first. How China has changed!
- Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the Front Lines
Journalists have always faced attacks on their freedom to report stories and often on their physical safety as well. Now they face a new threat: digital surveillance. Electronic spying means that journalists cannot protect their sources, and undermines the public's confidence in the media's ability to operate without government interference.
- Japan's Change Generation
For the past two decades, Tokyo has been described as stagnant, glacial, and arthritic. But that is only part of the story. Outside the government, a new generation of liberal reformers is bringing about real change.
- Taiwan's Student Sunflower Movement: Interview with Two of its Leaders
In an unprecedented event this Spring, the Sunflower Student Movement occupied Taiwan's Legislative Yuan for over three weeks. The students finally withdrew after the government promised to postpone ratifying the trade agreement with China which originally sparked the protest. Two of its leaders discuss the Movement and Taiwan's future.
- Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific
No wonder the South China Sea is important to China, says Robert Kaplan. It's the Mediterranean of Asia, the center of international commerce, including energy shipments. Plus, if the Chinese control it and thus gain access to the Indian Ocean, China will have a two-ocean navy, transforming it in military terms from a regional power into a world power.
- Iran's Nuclear Program: Status and Prospects for the P5+1 Negotiations
Discussions among the Iran and the P5 countries and Germany on the Iranian nuclear energy program are ongoing in Vienna. William O. Beeman, professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Minnesota, who has written extensively on these issues, discusses the current state of affairs and possible outcomes.
- The Ethics of Avoiding Conflict with China
Is there a policy prescription that can avoid turning predictions of a Sino-American clash into a self-fulfilling prophecy?
- "War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh
As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
- By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World
As China's urban middle class expands, China's government--and private companies--are traveling the globe in pursuit of fuel, ores, water, and farmland. And the government has all kinds of tools to bring to bear, from public diplomacy and backroom deals, to low-cost financing and low-cost labor. How is this quest changing the world, including China itself?
- The Frackers: The Outrageous Inside Story of the New Billionaire Wildcatters
Thanks to fracking and the unlikely characters who made this revolution happen, the United States is now the biggest energy producer in the world. The fracking bonanza is here to stay, argues Gregory Zuckerman, and the environmental hazards can be overcome. Our best course is to work with the industry to improve safety standards.
- Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2014 with Ian Bremmer
So what should we look out for in 2014? "The economic risks are receding. The geopolitical risks are becoming more important," says political risk guru Ian Bremmer. Don't miss this entertaining but fact-filled talk for insights on global affairs, from U.S. foreign policy, to the Middle East, Asia, Russia, Europe, and emerging markets.
- Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too Late
The threat of a nuclear nightmare is still real, says Joe Cirincione. With unsecured stockpiles in Russia, the ever-present threat of terrorists getting hold of a bomb, and the possibility of a nuclear Iran, America and the world need to pay attention to this potentially catastrophic issue.
- Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy
Why did Japan recklessly attack the United States in 1941, launching a war that most of the nation's leaders knew they were almost certain to lose? Why did they go ahead, despite heated internal debates? Get the inside story from a Japanese perspective.
- Symposium at the Scottish Parliament: From War to a Global Ethic
Is it possible to create a global code of ethics? In this Carnegie Council Centennial Symposium at the Scottish Parliament, the panelists discuss Andrew Carnegie's legacy; what has changed since his time; and Carnegie Council's contribution to the vital task of moving toward a shared international understanding with which to face today's problems.
- Thought Leader: Chan Heng Chee
"Globally, have we reached a point where we accept that genocide is not acceptable? I think we have. But what to do about it is something different. I'm not sure that, while we know what we have to do, the wherewithal is there, the resources are there, the will is there to deal with some of the larger egregious behavior in the world."
- Citizenship Within and Across Nations
Philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah explores the role of civic honor, and its negative counterpart, shame, in shaping the political behavior of individuals and of nations, and in particular, in shaping the moral dimensions of political behavior.
- Year Zero: A History of 1945
Ian Buruma makes a compelling case that many of the modern triumphs, such as the European Union, the United Nations, and Japanese pacifism, as well as some of the world's unresolved conflicts in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, all took root in 1945, that fateful year of retribution, revenge, suffering, and healing.
- Remilitarizing Japan
Senior fellow Devin Stewart appeared on Huffington Post Live to discuss whether increased militarism in Japan warrants concern for the future. This topic has gotten more attention recently, in light of renowned filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki's "The Wind Rises," which details Japanese military history.
- Now That Abe Won Control of the Government, the True Test of Abenomics Begins
In this piece for "Quartz," senior program director Devin Stewart discusses Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, and his economic reforms known as "Abenomics." Can Abenomics work in the long run? And is nationalism also on Abe's agenda? This piece was also published in the "Huffington Post."
- Now That Abe Won Control of the Government, the True Test of Abenomics Begins
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, his ruling Liberal Democrat Party, and his "Abenomics" economic revitalization platform won solid victories in Japan's recent upper house elections. But with skeptics and financial problems lurking, the future remains unclear. Can Abenomics work in the long run? And is nationalism also on Abe's agenda?
- Foreign Policy Begins at Home: The Case for Putting America's House in Order
We have been guilty of overreaching abroad and underachieving at home, says Richard Haass, and these sins are really two sides of the national security coin. After all, "our capacity to act abroad is obviously directly limited and affected by the capacities we have created here at home, whether the capacities are military or economic or human."
- Essay on Ethics of Cybersecurity Wins Trans-Pacific Contest: Co-Authors from China (Stanford U) and U.S. (Oxford U)
What is the greatest ethical challenge facing U.S.-Asia relations? In this unique contest, we challenged American and East Asian students to submit a joint essay or video to answer this question. Responses included the threat of cyber-war, sweatshops, human rights, censorship, neo-imperialism, and climate change.
- The U.S., China, and Cybersecurity: The Ethical Underpinnings of a Controversial Geopolitical Issue
Though commonly conceptualized as a strategic geopolitical issue, cybersecurity's underpinnings are comprised by a series of fundamental ethical considerations. Addressing these will provide a better framework for easing bilateral tensions and promoting cooperation than surface-level tit-for-tat negotiations and public naming and shaming.
- Human Trafficking Around the World: Hidden in Plain Sight
Victims of trafficking are both young and old, male and female. They can be found working in factories, fields, brothels, private homes, and innumerable other settings. They may be hidden behind walls or seen in plain view. How can trafficking be stopped?
- Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles
Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
- Book Review: "China and Africa: A Century of Engagement"
Now more than ever, the world is influenced and affected by all things Chinese, especially its relationships with developing countries. And there is much to learn through studying the country's dealings with Africa, which are of great enormity and complexity. This book is, therefore, an important resource for anyone concerned with international relations.
- Thought Leader: Robert D. Kaplan
"I see a world driven by a loss of central authority, which creates its on moral problems as a consequence."
- Public Affairs: China's Search for Security
In this masterly and comprehensive talk, Andrew Nathan looks at the world from Beijing's viewpoint and sees a very challenging environment for China. He identifies four rings of security concerns: inside China's territory; its 24 surrounding countries; six regional systems; and the rest of the world.
- The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World
As more people become prosperous and interstate conflicts diminish, there is a convergence between East and West, says Kishore Mahbubani. Now we have to change our mindset accordingly and act as one united world on issues such as climate change. One important step is to reform the UN.
- The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
With a breadth and depth of knowledge spanning not only current geopolitics but centuries of history, Robert Kaplan shows us the crucial importance of geography in shaping our destinies. Geography still matters, and always will.
- Five Myths About Nuclear Weapons
What if everything we believe about nuclear weapons is wrong? "Reexamine the facts and you'll see that the arguments for nuclear weapons aren't powerful; they're preposterous. They are an unpersuasive collection of wishful thinking held together by nothing more than fear and rationalization."
- Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2013 with Ian Bremmer
"There are three big things happening right now in the world: China rising, Middle East exploding, Europe muddling through. Those are the things that truly matter, in the sense that they have potentially very different kinds of trajectories and outcomes depending on where they go."
- Thought Leader: Richard Lugar
"I do approach it in a positive way, that we ought to be thinking about nutrition for every human being, keeping people alive so they have a chance to learn and to be productive."
- Will 2013 Launch the Asian Century? Don’t Count on It
If an Asian Century means one in which Asian culture and politics dominate the globe, it won't be coming any time soon. Instead, for many decades to come, Asians will likely seek to increase their freedom and equality to accompany their growing prosperity--the universal values that define the American Century.
- Japan's Corporate Culture: Sleepwalking to Oblivion?
Japan's corporate culture is in serious trouble, declare our two speakers. It's "sleepwalking to oblivion," says Michael Woodford, former Olympus CEO turned whistleblower. And according to journalist Michael Zielenziger, the Olympus scandal is an example of larger problems facing Japan's economy.
- The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics
In the Cold War, the path to nuclear war always led through Moscow and Washington. In the second nuclear age the triggers to nuclear war are in Tel Aviv, Islamabad, Pyongyang, and in the future possibly Tehran, and possibly in other places too, because you can start a nuclear war even if you don't have nuclear weapons.
- America in the 21st Century: A View from America
"Why is it that the political system today seems so gridlocked? Why is the issue of brinkmanship in America so incredibly debilitating and so very real? Is there something which has always been the case in U.S. history or is there something else going on today which is fueling this problem and making this age of brinkmanship so pernicious?"
- Public Affairs: America in the 21st Century: A View from Asia
The good, the bad, and the ugly: distinguished Singaporean Kishore Mahbubani politely but firmly tells Americans how Asians see them, and warns, "the world that is coming is a world outside your comfort zones."
- Is the World Becoming More Peaceful?
In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
- From the Ruins of Empire: The Intellectuals Who Remade Asia
Pankaj Mishra explores the little-known history of the first generation of Asian intellectuals, such as China's Liang Qichao and the Persian political activist al-Afghani, and discusses how their ideas influenced Asia's postcolonial state-building programs.
- Restless Empire: China and the World Since 1750
In this astute analysis, Westad explains China's international relations over the last 250 years from a Chinese perspective, providing valuable insights into its current and future course.
- Thought Leader: Victor Cha
"Technology creates all this open space that needs to be filled. And if you leave space to be filled, people fill it by saying things that don't make a whole lot of sense and so there's less accountability in today's day and age and less care is put into what is said publicly."
- Thought Leader: Emily Lau
"I hope that world leaders will really sit down and think about the circumstances of those people who have been suffering for many years. Why can't we all try to sort it out and give them something better to look forward to?"
- Thought Leader: Nobuo Tanaka
"It is amazing that more than 2 billion people do not have access to electricity. All people equally have a right to have a very healthy and comfortable life. Access to energy, access to electricity, is a very important part of the issue that we have to tackle."
- Home Alone?
What is it like to be liberal in East Asia? Is liberalism a specifically Western ideology, or does it embody universal norms? The old dispute is a matter of pressing concern in East Asia, where political leaders repeatedly denounce liberal values for various purposes--from suppressing dissenters to pursuing popular support.
- The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future
Policy expert and scholar Victor Cha lifts the curtain on North Korea, one of the world's most isolated, poorly-understood, and dangerous nations, and explains why he believes that the level of risk has escalated since Kim Jong-il's death.
- Prakash Sethi on Apple's Labor Standards
Does Apple's number one status mean that it has special responsibilities for the labor practices of its Chinese manufacturers? And to what extent is one company, even one as dominant as Apple, capable of affecting labor standards in China's vast economy, not to mention the rest of Asia?
- No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn
How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
- Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China
Deng Xiaoping was one of the most important leaders of the 20th century. Scholar Ezra Vogel discusses Deng's life, focusing on his work in opening up China to other countries. Vogel also grapples with the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, which was carried out on Deng's orders.
- North Korea: The World's Principal Violator of Responsibility to Protect
The 2005 UN World Summit made a landmark commitment to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. Has North Korea violated this norm to the degree that intervention is warranted? The answer is an unequivocal yes.
- Global Ethics Corner: North Korea: Engage, Ignore, or Confront?
With the recent death of Kim Jong-il, the United States is once again wondering what to do about North Korea. Is engagement with the nation's new leader, Kim Jong-un, the answer? Or should the U.S. isolate the rogue state and continue to ignore its threats?
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
Looking back at the truly revolutionary rise in global living standards over the last 150 years, what have we learned about economic policies? There are clear lessons about what works and what doesn't, says Sylvia Nasar, author of "A Beautiful Mind."
- What Should be the Next Phase in U.S.-Russia Relations?
Reflecting on U.S.-Russia relations, Thomas Graham and Nikolas Gvosdev agree that there is an urgent need to find a common strategic purpose that suits the interests of both the U.S. and Russia.
- Global Ethics Corner: Is There A 'Third Way' to Engage China?
The Chinese economy and defense budget have grown at an enormous rate over the past five years. Do you think that this will lead to global confrontation? Or will China have a "peaceful rise"? Could there be a third way that blends competition and cooperation?
- Global Ethics Corner: When Government Changes the Rules: Taiwan's Feed-in-Tariff
Taiwan requires electric utilities to purchase renewable energy, subsidized by the government. Recently when solar rates went down, the government changed the contract terms, saving on the amount of government funding but causing solar investors to make less profit. Was this justified?
- Global Ethics Corner: Disaster, Decline, or Rebirth: A Japanese Fish Story
Japan's recent tsunami and nuclear disaster have devastated its fishing industry. Fish are at the heart of Japanese culture, yet worldwide stocks of wild fish are in drastic descent. Should there be a push to revive this occupation or should Japan be trying to grow new industries?
- The Future of Power
"In the information age, the mark of a great power is not just whose army wins, but also whose story wins," says Joseph Nye. This talk includes his thoughts on China, Egypt, Afghanistan, Iran, and more.
- How Wars End: Why We Always Fight the Last Battle
Pax Americana is a good thing, declares Gideon Rose. The problem is that even when the U.S. wins militarily, it often botches dealing with war's aftermath because it fails to define its political objectives.
- Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power
Robert D. Kaplan declares that the Indian Ocean area will be the true nexus of world power and conflict in the coming years and it is here that U.S. foreign policy must concentrate if America is to remain dominant in an ever-changing world.
- Global Ethics Corner: China and the U.S.: Trade Wars or Mutual Advantage
China undervalues its currency and pursues an export-led growth model, resulting in the loss of U.S. jobs. Confrontation on this issue is dangerous, yet doing nothing is potentially disastrous for the U.S. economy. How would you respond to China's growing power?
- The Ethical Implications of Sea-Level Rise Due to Climate Change [Abstract]
Does humanity have a moral obligation toward the estimated millions of individuals who will be displaced from their homes over the course of this century primarily due to sea-level rise as the earth's climate warms? What form should these actions take?
- "Tokyo Vice" and Japanese Morality: Devin Stewart Interviews Jake Adelstein
Three years in a Zen temple taught Jake Adelstein the core virtues of Japanese society, such as reciprocity, and the police beat at Tokyo newspaper "Yomiuri Shimbun" showed him its vices--the far-reaching powers of the "Yakuza," Japan's organized criminal underworld.
- China's State Capitalism Poses Ethical Challenges
In China, robust growth is a good thing, as long as it doesn't undermine the leadership's monopoly hold on political power. The Chinese leadership will respect labor rights when necessary and ignore them when possible.
- Taiwan: Building Partnerships for Asia-Pacific Economic Integration
Since 2008, Taiwan has quietly pursued new political and economic initiatives with China, and the likelihood of conflict across the Taiwan Strait has diminished. What are the implications for East Asian economic integration and for Taiwan-U.S. relations?
- The Two Koreas: Despite Nukes and Succession Issues, It's Status Quo
With a flurry of news about escalating tensions between North and South Korea, it might seem that the game has completely changed. But for Koreans on both sides, exactly what, if anything, what has changed?
- Global Ethics Corner: Google and State Capitalism?
Does the state capitalism model present a challenge to free market political systems? Is Google's confrontation with China a taste of the future? What do you think?
- Beyond the NPT
Doctors Roald Sagdeev and Frank von Hippel have collaborated for decades on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation between the U.S. and the USSR. They discuss their work and their insights for the future arms control agenda.
- Global Ethics Corner: Chinese Currency and Ethics
When China loosens the peg of its currency to the dollar, the U.S. will benefit--but it may hurt labor in China. While the looser Chinese currency is fairer to trading partners, it conflicts with protection of Chinese citizens' interests. How would you balance the two concerns?
- Obama Did Not "Take Down" Hatoyama
Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart explains why Obama should not be blamed for the recent resignation of Japanese prime minister, Yukio Hatoyama.
- The Betrayal of American Prosperity: Free Market Delusions, America's Decline, and How We Must Compete in the Post-Dollar Era
Clyde Prestowitz argues that the U.S. is rapidly losing the basis of its wealth and power, as well as its freedom of action and independence. If we do not make dramatic changes quickly, we will confront a painful, permanent slide in our standard of living.
- Is There a "China Model"? Devin Stewart Interviews Leo Horn-Phathanothai
China has no alternative economic model, says Horn. Its keystone is pragmatism and ad hoc experimentation, combined with the clever exploitation of luck and the fostering of innovation from the ground up. He also discusses China's role in Africa.
- The End of the Free Market: Who Wins the War Between States and Corporations?
Ian Bremmer demonstrates the growing challenge that state capitalism will pose for the entire global economy, and what free market nations must do to protect their economies as this new system gains popularity.
- "The End of the Free Market:" Devin Stewart Interviews Ian Bremmer
In a discussion about his latest book, Ian Bremmer analyzes the troubled relationship between the U.S. and China, and the rise of what he calls "state capitalism"--where the state is the principal actor and there is an absence of the rule of law.
- Book Review: "The End of the Free Market" by Ian Bremmer
State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.
- The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities Are Reshaping the World
Ben Wildavsky shows how international competition for the brightest minds is transforming the world of higher education, and why this revolution should be welcomed, not feared.
- China in the 21st Century: Devin Stewart Interviews Jeffrey Wasserstrom
In this lively discussion, topics include China's diversity, its "net nanny" approach to the internet, and why China and the U.S. are more alike than we may think.
- Rise of the Rest
The Council's "Rise of the Rest" project focuses not on decline of existing powers but on the emergence of others. The U.S. should accept these developments for what they are, recognize the interests of others, and see opportunity for burden sharing rather than threat to primacy.
- Obama's Internet Initiative and Social Reform in the U.S. and Japan
In this Japan Society event, a panel of experts explore the evolving role of information and communication technologies in reforming politics, business, and society in the United States and Japan.
- Darrel Moellendorf on the Climate Change Negotiations in Copenhagen
Darrel Moellendorf (author of "Treaty Norms and Climate Change Mitigation") discusses what happened in Copenhagen and what it means for future negotiations on climate change.
- Toyota and the End of Japan
Toyota's fall from grace caps a 20-year economic malaise that is infecting the popular culture, manifesting itself in a preference for staying home, avoiding risk.
- Is Japan Giving Up?
Just as the success of Toyota Motor was a symbol of Japan's confidence on the world stage in the 1980s, the automobile company's recent troubles are symptomatic of a nation withdrawing from the world, writes Devin Stewart.
- Global Jobs Update: Assessing the Quality and Pace of Recovery
A panel of experts from the International Labour Organization, business, academia, and the EU discuss the actions taken to address this multi-faceted crisis, and give suggestions for further ways to generate jobs.
- Good Neighbors? The Shanghai Cooperation Organization
The West has largely dismissed the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as some kind of empty anti-U.S., anti-NATO rhetorical flourish, writes David Speedie. Yet in fact its expanded role and reach are demonstrable, impressive, and likely to continue.
- Superfusion: How China and America Became One Economy and Why the World's Prosperity Depends on It
In a witty and astute talk, Karabell describes and explains what he calls 'superfusion'--how the economies and capital flows of China and the U.S. became inextricably entwined to the point where neither can survive without the other.
- A Question of Values: Google in China, Chinese Products, and Civil Society
Harney (author of "The China Price") and Stewart discuss the human and environmental costs of China's cheap prices; Google in China; fake and dangerous Chinese products; U.S.-China relations; and the latest trends in Japan.
- From Newsweek On Air: Daniel Gross and Devin Stewart Discuss Google in China
Daniel Gross and Devin Stewart discuss Google's threat to pull out of China because of censorship and email hacking incidents. Posted with kind permission from Newsweek On Air.
- East Asian Security and Democracy: The Place of Taiwan
Taiwan has transformed itself into a prosperous, vibrant democracy, and recently tensions between Taiwan and China have lessened. As the balance of power between the U.S. and China shifts, what is the future for Taiwan, and what role will it play in the region?
- Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration
John Isaacs discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.
- Sustainable Branding: A U.S.-Japan Corporate Dialogue
See the highlights from this panel discussion on sustainable branding, with participants from the U.S. and Japan. They address customer engagement, supply chain management, investor relations, and the impact of the economic crisis.
- The Predictioneer's Game: Using the Logic of Brazen Self-Interest to See and Shape the Future
Iran, Iraq, Israel, and North Korea--all are rational players, acting in their own self-interest as they perceive it, and with game theory we can predict what they and other players will do next.
- Think Again: Japan's Revolutionary Election
Don't believe the hype about Japan's new ruling party and the supposed revolution it is launching, say Paul Scalise and Devin Stewart. As the new government completes its first month in office, all signs point to more of the same old stagnation in Tokyo.
- Japan: The Power of Efficiency
Japan's energy intensity has improved by 37 percent since 1973, and its oil dependency has dropped by 30 points, making it one of the largest, most energy-efficient economies in the world.
- Afghanistan and Japan: Joel Rosenthal on Public Television
What impact will the recent elections in Afghanistan and Japan have on U.S. interests? Joel Rosenthal is interviewed on Worldfocus, along with Carol Giacomo of The New York Times editorial board.
- Dealing with Dictators: North Korea
Should you ever deal with dictators? Two American journalists held hostage in North Korea were released as a result of Bill Clinton's recent meeting with Kim Jong-il. Did the positive outcome justify lending credibility to one of the world's worst regimes?
- Global Ethics Corner: Why Is Health Care So Difficult?
Why can't the U.S. negotiate a domestic solution to health care? Individuals are certainly responsible for their health. A wealthy society can also be responsible for its members. Is health care a primary right, or a personal responsibility?
- North Korea: What Next?
There are no good options in negotiations with North Korea, says Bush's top advisor on North Korean affairs, Victor Cha. It's always a choice between a bad option and a worse option.
- On the 20th Anniversary of the Tiananmen Demonstrations: Human Rights Needs for a New China
What has changed in China since 1989, and what are Chinese looking for from their government today? Health and safety issues are paramount for many, especially for their children.
- Devin Stewart Interviews Kazumasa Iwata
Kazumasa Iwata, head of the Japanese Cabinet Office's Economic and Social Research Institute, discusses moving towards a low-carbon society, Japan's response to the financial crisis, and in terms of the U.S.-Japan relationship, the growing threat of trade protectionism.
- Reverse China Hedge
Several factors might explain China's multifaceted approach toward the United States, including economic woes, uncertainty about how the financial crisis will play out, and an overall more intertwined relationship between China and the world.
- Political Futures Feb 09 Segment 5: China and U.S. Foreign Policy Making (3:53 mins)
Are the US and China truly co-dependent, as many claim? What is the future of the US-China relationship, both economically and politically? What are the most problematic issues?
- Global Ethics Corner: The Great Firewall of China
Should foreign companies fudge a commitment to free speech to gain early market access? Is some information better than none, or is censorship a black and white issue?
- The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century
George Friedman, founder and CEO of Strategic Forecasting, Inc., asks: What's in store during this new century? Which nations will gain and lose power? How will new technologies change the way we live? He has some predictions that may surprise you.
- China Rediscovers Ethics in Foreign Policy
As the Chinese gradually rediscover the need to introduce ethical considerations into their foreign policy, what will those considerations be?
- Devin Stewart Interviews Chong-Pin Lin
Dr. Lin discusses Taiwan's current political crisis; relations with China; climate change; the future of democracy in East Asia; what Obama's presidency may mean for the region; and the surprising "detente" between China and Japan.
- The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World
Does the symbiotic relationship between China and America--"Chimerica" as Niall Ferguson calls it--give reason to hope that America's present economic situation will turn out to be not a crash, but a correction?
- How East Asians View Democracy
Nathan and Chu report on surveys in five new democracies (Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Mongolia), one established one (Japan), and two nondemocracies (China and Hong Kong).
- The Rise of the Rest II: How the Ascent of Russia and China Affects Global Business and Security
From economic growth to cultural exports, the global distribution of power is shifting from "the West" to the rest of the world. This panel addresses the effects of this emerging new reality.
- "Hikikomori" and Japan's Role in the World
Michael Zielenziger discusses Japan's hikikomori, bright young people who opt to live as shut-ins because they don't fit in a society of high conformity and low entrepreneurship.
- The Economic and Strategic Rise of China and India: Asian Realignments after the 1997 Financial Crisis
David Denoon argues that although China's rise has received much attention, much less has been given to the relative decline of the Pacific Rim states or the rapid rise of India's economic and strategic position.
- Twilight War: The Folly of U.S. Space Dominance
Except for the U.S. and Israel, every nation favors a treaty to prevent the weaponization of space. China has been pushing the U.S. on this since 1999. What are we waiting for?
- Olympic Mettle: Business, Civil Society, and Politics During the Beijing Games
An expert panel discusses the ethics of engagement with China in the context of the Olympics. What lasting positive or negative effects, if any, will the games have on China?
- New Media and Chinese Nationalism
Journalist Thomas Crampton looks at how Chinese nationalism is being expressed in new digital media, including what he calls "user-generated propaganda" on YouTube and anti-foreigner sentiments in online video games.
- Empire of Lies: The Truth About China in the Twenty-First Century
"There are not six million Tibetans in China," says Guy Sorman. "There are one billion." If the many Chinese who are not beneficiaries of economic development could express themselves, they would say the same things as the Tibetans.
- Damming Public Opinion: The Risks of China's Economic Diplomacy in Cambodia
From Africa to Southeast Asia, China's economic diplomacy carries risks. A case in point is Cambodia, where many believe that China's projects are harming the country, both physically and in the realm of human rights and democracy.
- Subprime: Is the United States Repeating Japan's Experience?
Economist and Japan expert Edward Lincoln discusses the similarities and significant differences between the Japanese experience and the current U.S. subprime crisis.
- Update on the Korean Peninsula
Economist and North Korea expert Marcus Noland discusses scenarios for North Korea’s nuclear disarmament, maintaining that the DPRK is becoming increasingly vulnerable to outside pressure.
- American Religious NGOs in North Korea: A Paradoxical Relationship [Full Text]
Despite North Korea's antipathy to outside religious influence, it is primarily American NGOs with financial backing from religious organizations that have maintained development and exchange programs with the regime.
- Hu's on First?
China has greatly stepped up its diplomatic, trade, and aid efforts in Southeast Asia, write Josh Kurlantzick and Devin Stewart. But it still has a lot of hurdles to overcome before it can claim to be a trusted regional leader.
- Hog Pilots, Blue Water Grunts: The American Military in the Air, at Sea, and on the Ground
The Pacific is no longer an American lake, says Robert Kaplan, and with the rise of China and India, we should accept that we are moving once again towards a multipolar world.
- Engaging "Evil:" Searching for an Ethical Approach Toward North Korea
The temptation to focus on regime change as the solution to all the problems posed by Pyongyang is strong. But attempts to overthrow the regime or squeeze it into submission risk doing more evil than good for ordinary North Koreans.
- Managing Japan-US-China Relations: A Japanese Perspective
Ambassador Koji Watanabe of the Japan Center for International Exchange (JCIE) discusses the dynamics of the trilateral Japan-US-China relationship, which is emerging as a key force shaping the stability and governance of Asia.
- Devin Stewart Interviews Jack Marr on China
Jack Marr, Adjunct Professor at New York University's Shanghai Center and long-time China observer, comments on some of the ethical implications of China's economic rise.
- Next Year in Beijing?
When will China publicly acknowledge what really happened on June 4, 1989? Just as in Taiwan, change in China must surely come from within. But the rest of the world has a role to play also, and the Beijing Games provide an opportunity to do so.
- Famine in North Korea: Markets, Aid, and Reform
According to Marcus Noland and Stephan Haggard, North Korea's famine was a result of the state's failure to adequately address food distribution and production issues; and although famine conditions have eased, North Korea still remaines "food insecure."
- China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail its Peaceful Rise
The more developed and prosperous China becomes, the more threatened its leaders feel. What are the internal issues that create this insecurity?
- Central versus Local
More than any other countries on Earth, says Timothy Savage, China and the United States hold the key to whether humanity can put the brakes on its greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the dire consequences of global warming. Tension has been growing in both countries between local and central government approaches to climate change.
- Nixon and Mao: The Week that Changed the World
How did this momentous meeting between two leaders lay the foundations for today's complex and difficult relationship between the United States and China?
- Ethics Be Dammed? China's Water Projects
While the World Bank has greatly reduced its loans for large dams, the Chinese are going full-speed ahead with a spate of dam projects, both at home and in Africa. But the ill effects may outweigh the benefits.
- Environmental Treaties: Inconvenience or Opportunity?
The Kyoto Protocol took effect on February 16, 2005, as the first legally binding environmental treaty committed to reducing greenhouse emissions. But the United States, the world's largest polluter, continues to boycott the agreement. Parties to the convention recently started debating how the system will be extended after it expires in 2012. President Bush has said he does not intend to submit the treaty for ratification because of the exemptions granted to developing countries such as China, the world's second biggest emitter of atmospheric carbon.
- The West's Reaction to the 2006 China-Africa Summit
The West reacted with vitriol to Beijing's China-Africa Summit, branding China as a "resource-hungry superpower in the making." But is this fair, given the West's own record in Africa, and what options is the West offering China as incentives to change its behavior?
- Human Rights Issues and the Africa-China Economic Relationship
David Shinn describes the background, perceived values, and current diplomatic and human rights issues surrounding the growing economic relationships between China and African nations.
- Joseph Cirincione Interviewed by Jeffrey McCausland
Joseph Cirincione discusses the tricky mix of force, sanctions, threats, incentives, and diplomacy required to deal with the growing nuclear threats from Iran and North Korea.
- Nuclear Proliferation: A Delicate Balance Between Force and Diplomacy
Joseph Cirincione says that we are at a nuclear tipping point, and the policy decisions the United States makes over the next 3-5 years will decide whether or not we launch another great wave of nuclear proliferation.
- North Korea's Nuclear Detonation and Northeast Asian Politics
Are the major powers prepared to live with a nuclear North Korea if the detonation acts as a check on U.S. power? How will events move forward—and what precedents are being set for how the Iranian crisis may also be resolved?
- China's New-Rich and Global Responsibility
China's authorities have recently come under fire from foreign governments and human rights groups for Chinese business practices in other countries. Eisenman and Stewart delve into the foreign policy issues arising from China's new-found wealth.
- Can Cultural Values Save the Environment?
Drawing from the book "Forging Environmentalism," which focuses on China, India, the United States, and Japan, a panel of experts discusses the social and cultural values that people bring to bear on environmental problems.
- Devin Stewart Interviews Ian Bremmer
"The J Curve is the nonlinear relationship between openness and stability," says Ian Bremmer, and it is important to recognise that a sudden increase of openness in closed societies such as North Korea and Cuba can lead to instability in the short-term.
- Chinese Ambitions and the Future of Asia
American attention is focused on the "war on terror." But 20 years from now we may look back and realise that the rise of China and the new Asian dynamics that resulted were actually far more significant, says Kurt Campbell.
- Three Billion New Capitalists: The Great Shift of Wealth and Power to the East
Economist Clyde Prestowitz believes that the United States is sliding toward economic decline under globalization, arguing that these trends are creating not only increased economic strength in Asia, but also geopolitical power.
- A Chinese Lesson On Cultural Rights
Xiaorong Li argues that while the Chinese Government may claim to protect the cultural rights of its people, its record suggests otherwise, and represents a failure to recognize the indivisibility of human rights.
- Cultural Rights And Intellectual Property Debates
Drawing upon the case of the appropriation of the music of Taiwan's Ami people by the band Enigma, Rosemary Coombe explores how best to protect the rights of cultural minorities amid debates about the ownership of intellectual property.
- SPECIAL REPORT: The Challenge of North Korea
This special report presents a collection of statements on the ethical aspects of the foreign policy challenges presented by North Korea, with links to full-length texts where available.
- The New Chinese Empire: And What It Means for the United States
Our interests with China are peace, prosperity, and mutual exchange between two great countries and civilizations with openness for business, for students, for the professions. It is also in our interests that there be political liberalization, but it is not America’s business to bring this about.
- Challenges for the U.S.--Threats and Opportunities on the Korean Peninsula
Donald Gregg sees North Korea’s recent confessions to kidnapping Japanese citizens and reviving its nuclear program as “evidence that Kim Jong Il is trying to remove some of the obstacles of the past.” Gregg, who favors U.S.-North Korea dialogue, said he fears that a “perfect storm” is brewing on the Korean peninsula.
- The North Korean Food Crisis
Hazel Smith has been working and visiting North Korea for over a decade, one of the few foreigners to have first-hand knowledge of the situation there. In fact, she notes that even Koreans living in Pyongyang have no idea of the extent of famine and terrible conditions in the rest of the country.
- Bad Elements: Chinese Rebels from Los Angeles to Beijing
The Chinese government sees itself as the caretaker of the entire "cosmic order" in China and views democracy as a destabilizing force that would cause widespread suffering and chaos, says Ian Buruma. He explains why this view is a myth that will ultimately backfire on the Chinese Communist Party.
- Should States Apologize?
According to Chinese President Jiang Zemin, the United States owed China an official apology (baoqian) for sending out a spy plane that collided with a Chinese fighter, resulting in the pilot's death. Should states apologize?
- Interview with Yukiko Kada, Japan Team Leader of the Environmental Values Project
"In this project, the Japan team has tried to shed light on values in Japanese society as they relate to nature, life, pollution, and economic development. We've done this by conducting field interviews with people interested in or affected by pollution in Minamata, Niigata, Nagara River, and Lake Biwa."
- The Housing Issue: Parallels in the United States and East Asia
Shyama Venkateswar examines the American and Asian perspective on what were some of the barriers to adequate housing for citizens on both sides of the Pacific.
- Conversing with Straw Men While Ignoring Dictators: A Reply to Roger Ames [Abstract]
Donnelly asserts that Ames has misrepresented his arguments, creating a straw man from Ames's own preconceived notion of the Western liberal tradition while ignoring the substantive debates.
- Continuing the Conversation on Chinese Human Rights [Abstract]
Discussing the history of universal human rights and Confucian values, Ames asserts that a growing dialogue between China and the United States would benefit China in terms of political and individual rights and the United States in terms of a greater sense of civic virtue.
- Seeking to End Discrimination Through Dowa Education
Non-Japanese are treated as second-class citizens, the indigenous Ainu was forced to assimilate, and gender inequality still exists. Dowa (liberation) education, aims at persuading those who discriminate to stop voluntarily.
- Awarding Korean Companies for Social Responsibility
KEJI rewards companies after being evaluated for their ethical performance as large Korean corporations in hopes that, as Chun Byung-Hwa points out, can be used to carry out more effective lobbying and reform movements.
- Popular Demands for Village Elections in Rural China
Amidst popular demands for election in rural China, Lianjiang Li reports on the struggles and reality of democratic promotion in rural villages along with the spread of local autonomy, or lack thereof.
- Promoting Local Autonomy in Korea
Kim Dong-Ik retraces the problems local autonomy has had in Korea as well has it's recent revival and development. The Citizen’s Coalition for Economic Justice (CCEJ) has been at the forefront of this effort.
- Introduction: Innovative Human Rights Strategies in East Asia
This issue of Dialogue highlights some of the inspirational approaches and continuing structural challenges to human rights implementation in East Asia.
- Bringing Justice to an Unjustified Past in Korea
With the recent verdicts against two former presidents accused of human rights abuses and corruption, Korea now appears as a harbinger of democracy and justice for its neighboring Asian nations.
- Introduction: Transitional Justice in East Asia and its Impact on Human Rights
Authors comment on their country's experience of transitional justice, as well as shed light on the prospects for transitional justice should reform or a regime change occur in their country.
Discussed are "A Preliminary Investigation on the Right to Work of the Disabled;" "Proposal for an Educational System for Indigenous Peoples in Taiwan;" "Political Tolerance in Taiwan;" "On the Fundamental Principles and Contradictions of the Post-Modernist Theory of Human Rights;" Special Reports on the Case of Su Chien-ho; and Awakening.
- Introduction: The Human Rights Discourse in East Asia: Reports from the Region
We asked intellectuals and activists from throughout Asia, many of whom have been involved in the Carnegie Council's Human Rights Initiative, to select writings from their countries that they consider representative of the current human rights discourse there.
Xia and Hecht discuss Contemporary Human Rights, Origins of the Human Rights Concept; Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China; Survey of Capital Punishment; Toward the Age of Rights: Research on the Development of Chinese Citizens Rights; and "Human Rights and the Legal System in China."
Publications examined are Between Japan and the Far East—Internationalization in History and Civilization; Human Rights and Multicultural Society; Textbook on International Human Rights Law; Commentary on the Convention on the Rights of the Child; and ODA and Environment/Human Rights.
- SOUTH KOREA
Articles examined are "Issues Concerning Foreign Workers in Korea;" "Police Attitudes Toward Battered Women;" "The Rights of the Child in the Republic of Korea;""Status Report on the Human Rights Situation in Prisons, 1995;" and "Human Rights Suffocated by the Logic of National Security."
- Post-Deng China: Justice with Chinese Characteristics
Ping Yu analyzes post-Deng Xiaoping China and how it has dealt with justice. Yu also touches on Japan's execution of justice with regards to "comfort women."
- What Asians Think About the West's Response to the Human Rights Debate
New-found national pride pits Asian countries against a "decadent West." Constant pressure to observe human rights obligations, often applied with threats of economic sanctions, is regarded by many as a slap in the Asian face, an attempt by the West to hold the East ransom.
- The Task for Asians: To Discover their Own Political Morality for Human Rights
The search for a coherent political morality within the Pacific Rim countries is not a contest between Asians and Westerners, but a soul-searching exercise for Asians themselves: to develop social, political, and philosophical norms that best capture their values.
- Thinking About Human Rights and Asian Values
To see the conflict over human rights as a battle between Western liberalism and Asian reluctance distracts attention from the central issues: In the battle over the role of human rights and freedoms, the primary parties are Asians of different interests and convictions.
- A Brief History of the Modern Human Rights Discourse in China
Given the logic of communist ideology—that the working people are the masters in society—human rights did not make much sense. After all, the logic went, from whom do you want rights?
- International Human Rights and Asian Commitment
After the 1993 Bangkok Regional Preparatory Meeting, human rights were no longer dismissed as a tool of foreign oppression but were promoted as a means of asserting Asian distinctiveness from Western-dominated norms of social and political order.
- On Social and Economic Rights
Linking social and economic rights to political rights is essential for human rights to genuinely fulfill the holistic vision of the UDHR, but only western Europe has been able to realize the delicate balance of socialism, capitalism, and democracy.
- About the Human Rights Initiative
With a better understanding of the aspirations of the people within individual countries, this project seeks to develop a blueprint for human rights and civil society and a more effective means of transnational implementation of human rights norms in East Asia.
- The Language of Human Rights in East Asia
Human rights are widely advocated for their instrumental worth, but this strategy may change. Political and civil rights may eventually be championed for their own worth after a certain amount of material well-being has been achieved.
- Human Rights in the Post-Cold War Era: The cases of North Korea, China, and Burma
With continuing human rights violations and protests against mostly Western governments accused of meddling in other country's internal affairs, international debate suggests that while human rights may have agreed upon in form, they have not been accepted in substance.
- The Republic of Korea's Role in the Emerging Debate
While only a few years ago, Korea was alarming the international human rights community with egregious human rights violations toward its citizens, in 1993 it emerged in international fora as a solid advocate of universality.
- What Can and Should the International Community Do to Promote Human Rights?
In opening a discussion of human rights, countries must consider cultural and security contexts. The key to an effective human rights policy is to distinguish between punitive approaches and constructive measures: a punitive approach isolates; a constructive approach includes.
- Refining Definitions of Human Rights
There is agreement in the West that human rights are absolute, but diverse opinion about the place of human rights in foreign affairs. What is the best path toward improving human rights? How does political liberalization affect economic development?
- The Politics and Ethics of Global Environmental Leadership
At this second U.S.-Japan Task Force seminar, delegates and observers of UNCED explored the underlying ethical concerns at Rio, points of convergence relating to the normative content of policy options, and prospects for U.S.-Japan cooperation.
- Whose Environmental Standards? Clarifying the Issues of Our Common Future
At this first meeting of the U.S.-Japan Task Force on the Environment, 34 international environment specialists, political scientists, U.S.-Japan policy analysts, and business leaders addressed the concerns of those who believe that U.S.-Japan cooperation on the environment is key to resolving many of today's environmental crises.
- The Other China: Hunger Part I - The Three Red Flags of Death
Up to to 43 million people died in China's famine of 1959-61, but few knew about it until decades later. Yet the information was there. From 1965-75, the Londons interviewed Chinese refugees and reported on the real story. It's hard to comprehend millions of deaths. These vivid and distressing interview excerpts bring it home.
- The Year that was 1963
"Nineteen sixty-three has proved a turbulent and a humbling year....The deaths of two men did most to remind us sharply of the kind of world we live in and the values we hold most dear. Both Pope John XXIII and John F. Kennedy emphasized the use of reason and the necessity for peace, and the need for reason in the pursuit of peace."
- China Policy for Dummies
Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart reviews "The Beijing Consenus" for "Current History." This book from Stefan Halper, publishedin 2010, argues an established truism: that China's model of state capitalism is finding favor with authoritarians in the developing world.