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2015 may well be remembered as the Year of the Refugee, so naturally, much of our 2015 Human Rights Day collection concerns this ongoing crisis. These multimedia resources also include an examination of the human rights "project," a framework for assessing international human rights law, resources on women's rights, and a report on a cultural rights conference.   


Agenda for the Future: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
"Our planet is indivisible. There is no longer such a thing as a small, faraway country. No such thing as an acceptable level of discrimination, against any group." This moving speech by UN High Commissioner Al Hussein covers all aspects of the universal principles of human rights, including the current refugee crisis (June 2015, Public Affairs Program, transcript, audio, video, TV show)


The Normative Terrain of the Global Refugee Regime
Alexander Betts, University of Oxford
"The issues of who, why, and how to protect refugees pose a series of normative challenges that can only be addressed by recognizing the dynamic nature of refugee protection today. Old assumptions no longer apply." Don't miss this in-depth examination of the obligations that states have today, both individually and collectively, toward refugees, and the questions going forward. (Winter 2015, Ethics & International Affairs article)


The Refugees and the New War
Michael Ignatieff, Harvard University and Carnegie Council Centennial Chair
In a war against jihadi nihilism, in a world of collapsing states and civil war, a refugee policy that refuses to capitulate to fear belongs at the center of any American and European strategy. (December 2015, New York Review of Books article)

Suchitra Vijayan on the Politics and Rhetoric of the Refugee Crisis
Suchitra Vijayan, Writer, Lawyer, Photographer, Political Analyst
The co-founder of the Resettlement Legal Aid Project in Cairo during the Iraq War, Suchitra Vijayan discusses the refugee crisis from a legal, political, and humanitarian perspective. She details the remarkable empathy needed to work in the field and why the United States and Europe have an ethical responsibility to respond to the situation. (December 2015, Carnegie New Leaders Podcast, audio and transcript)

Beyond Paris: The Refugee Crisis in Europe
David C. Speedie, Amber Kiwan, Carnegie Council
"Closing borders in the West will not only worsen the already unimaginable human rights disaster that asylum seekers are facing, but it will also add fuel to the Eurosceptics' fire as they work to destabilize the European Union. And this is all compounded by the fact that closing borders doesn't work." (November 2015, article)

Why France Should Not Close Its Borders;
Kavitha Rajagopalan, Carnegie Council Global Ethics Fellow
Since September 11, 2001, both the U.S. and Europe have merged anti-terrorism strategies with immigration policy, and with little success. (November 2015, Observer News article)
See also, Migrant Deaths Worldwide by Kavitha Rajagopalan, June 2015 article

The Global Refugee Crisis
Tomáš Halík, Charles University, Prague, in conversation with Ian Buruma, Bard College
How can Christian leaders help Europe cope with the flood of refugees? Renowned Czech theologian Father Tomàš Halik argues that Christianity, especially the Catholic Church, can be an effective mediator between Islam and Europe's secular humanists, as it has many values in common with both. (November 2015, Public Affairs Program, transcript, audio, video)


Book Review: The Endtimes of Human Rights by Stephen Hopgood
Clifford Bob, Duquesne University
Is the Human Rights "project" coming to an end? Hopgood believes it has sold its moral clarity for an alliance with interventionist liberal states. (Spring 2015, Ethics & International Affairs article)

Review Essay: Human Rights Law Without Natural Moral Rights
Rowan Cruft, University of Stirling
In this latest work by one of our leading political and legal philosophers, Allen Buchanan outlines a novel framework for assessing the system of international human rights law—the system that he takes to be the heart of modern human rights practice. The book is brimming with new ideas and insights, with three main claims that have particularly interesting implications. (June 2015, Ethics & International Affairs article)


Boys and Girls Are Born Equal: The Power of Challenging Gender Norms Early in Life
Pranita Achyut, International Center for Research on Women, Delhi
Launched in India and now in schools in Bangladesh and Vietnam as well, the program "Gender Equity Movement in Schools" (GEMS) engages boys and girls in discussions and encourages reflection on gender inequality, giving students the tools to talk about gender inequality outside their classroom and within their own communities. (November 2015, Policy Innovations article)

The Unfinished Sexual Revolution
Anne-Marie Slaughter, New America Foundation
In the United States, the revolution for equality between men and women is stuck halfway. Over the past 50 years, women’s roles have changed dramatically, with almost 60 percent of American women now in the workforce. Men’s roles, however, have barely budged. So at this point, it's time to shift the focus of the movement for women's equality to the role of men. (September 2015, Policy Innovations article, originally posted by Project Syndicate)

Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution
Mona Eltahawy, Author and Activist
The Middle East needs a double revolution—not just a political one, but a social/sexual one as well, says fiery, courageous feminist Mona Eltahawy. It's time to destroy the oppressive patriarchy of "the trifecta:" the state, the street, and the home. But Arab women don't need "rescuing." Misogyny exists everywhere in varying degrees. Fight it at your own, local level. (May 2015, Public Affairs Program, transcript, audio, video, TV show)


Report: Conference on Cultural Rights, Copenhagen, Denmark, November 2015
Helle Porsdam, University of Copenhagen and Carnegie Council Global Ethics Fellow
Can cultural rights become a global discourse for supporting inclusive social and political development, and for fostering intercultural dialogue for the mutual understanding of cultures? And can cultural rights become a prime mover—an enabler and driver for development by providing a much-needed cultural legitimacy for human rights? (November 2015, article)