Carnegie Council's Program on U.S. Global Engagement: a Two-Year Retrospective

September 30, 2011

CREDIT: Dennis Doyle, Carnegie Council

The Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs presents a selection of materials from the conference entitled "Carnegie Council's Program on U.S. Global Engagement: a Two-Year Retrospective."

The conference took place at the Pocantico Center of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund from June 1-3, 2011. Organized by the Carnegie Council in cooperation with the U.S. Army War College, the conference served to review and report on two years of program activity, and to generate new ideas and resources among an international group of leading scholars and practitioners from the U.S., Russia, and Europe.

The U.S. Global Engagement program gratefully acknowledges the support for its work from the following: Alfred and Jane Ross Foundation, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Donald M. Kendall, Rockefeller Family & Associates, and Booz & Company.

Keynote Speeches

The Current Status and Prospects for the U.S.-Russia Relationship
Angela Stent,
Georgetown University, Brookings Institution
The U.S.-Russia relationship is never linear and never always smooth sailing, says Stent. What are the achievements of the reset policy and what remains to be achieved? How can we maintain the momentum that we have now in this relationship and not let it slip again?

The Collapse of the Soviet Union: Thoughts on the 20th Anniversary
Jack Matlock, former U.S. Ambassador to the USSR
Jack Matlock explodes some myths that are current in the United States, in Russia, and in Europe about just how and when the Cold War ended and how and when the Soviet Union collapsed.

U.S./Russia Arms Control Update

Arms Control and Proliferation Challenges to the Reset Policy
Stephen J. Blank, Strategic Studies Institute
The United States, Russia, and outside observers all agree on one thing: the fragility of the reset policy. This paper clarifies the reasons for this fragility and the consequences for arms control and future cooperation on nonproliferation issues.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

The Ethics of the Nuclear Security Summit Process
Alexandra I. Toma, Connect U.S. Fund, Fissile Materials Working Group
This paper examines the ethical questions around two intertwined 21st century issues: nuclear terrorism and the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process. Does the process take into account the principles of pluralism, fairness, and rights and responsibilities?

The Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE)

European/Eurasian Security and the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE)
Jeffrey D. McCausland, United States Army War College, Dickinson College, Carnegie Council
What is the role of the CFE Treaty as part of contemporary European security architecture? How has it performed since its signing and what is its current status? What steps must be taken to ensure that this agreement remains relevant and continues its "cornerstone" role?

The Precarious State of Flux of the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE)
Paul Schulte, University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), King's College at the University of London, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
This paper's main predictive theoretical proposition is that, in fact, progress on conventional arms control in Europe will continue to move at a pace dictated by nuclear atmospherics.

European Security and Arms Control
Sergey Rogov, Institute of U.S. and Canadian Studies of the Russian Academy of Science
Although Russia and the West are confronting each other on a number of issues, it is premature to write off their strategic partnership. The New START Treaty establishes stability of the nuclear balance for the next decade. This will help them eventually move to mutual assured security.

U.S./NATO/Soviet Experiences in Afghanistan

The Soviet and U.S. Experiences in Military Intervention in Afghanistan and Current U.S.-Russian Cooperation
Andrew Kuchins, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
This paper examines the similarities and differences in the 1980s Soviet experience in Afghanistan and the current U.S.-led coalition effort, and the mutual interests for Washington and Moscow to avoid the kind of end-game of 1992, when the Najibullah regime fell.

The Arctic Region: Security Issues from Competing Terrorial Claims

Russia's High Ambitions and Ambivalent Activities in the Arctic
Pavel K. Baev, Peace Research Institute, Oslo, Brookings Institute
The Arctic is often seen as a no-mans-land where natural resources are up for grabs. In reality, international cooperation is working well and the regions's wealth has been overestimated. Nonetheless, Russia's ambitions are bound up with the Arctic, and this can lead to tensions.

Cooling Things Down: The Legalization of Arctic Security
Michael Byers, University of British Columbia
Many are concerned about possible struggles over Arctic territory and resources. Yet this paper argues that most Arctic sovereignty disputes have either been resolved or are actively being negotiated. Thus there is no competition for territory or resources, and no prospect of conflict.

Paper and Wrap-up Remarks: Reflection on and Summary of the Conference, and the Future of the U.S./Russia relationship

The Future of U.S.-Russia Relations
Thomas E. Graham, Kissinger Associates, Inc.
Can the United States and Russia finally put their zero-sum competition in Eurasia behind them so that they can concentrate on the common strategic challenges before them, such as how to deal with China and with the former Soviet space?

What Should be the Next Phase in U.S.-Russia Relations?
Thomas E. Graham, Kissinger Associates, Inc; Nikolas K. Gvosdev, United States Naval War College
Reflecting on U.S.-Russia relations, Graham and Gvosdev agree that there is an urgent need to find a common strategic purpose that suits the interests of both the U.S. and Russia.