Bahrain: Tower, 2
Photo by Kevin Iapetus (CC)

Competition for dwindling supplies of oil and gas is producing new alliances, new winners and losers—and possible new solutions.

The Council presents a selection of resources on the scramble for energy.


Petrostate: Putin, Power, and the New Russia
Marshall I. Goldman, Harvard University
Goldman unravels the tangled links between Vladimir Putin, Russia's new elites, the petroleum industry, and Russia's resurgence. (Public Affairs Lecture, June 2008)

Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet: The New Geopolitics of Energy?
Michael T. Klare, The Five Colleges, MA
Diminishing sources of energy may create a new arms race between the U.S. and China. Instead, the two nations must cooperate to find viable alternative fuels. (Public Affairs Lecture, May 2008)

See also by Michael Klare: Blood and Oil and Resource Wars

Inside the Mirage: America's Fragile Partnership with Saudi Arabia
Thomas W. Lippman, Author and Journalist
Lippman traces the history of the U.S.-Saudi relationship and discusses its current state post 9/11. (Public Affairs Lecture, June 2004)

Power Plays: How Energy Fuels World Politics
Edward L. Morse, Expert, International Oil and Gas Commerce
"There are too many forces—too many temptations—to engage in market share wars. Just because we're now in a world of high prices doesn't mean that they will last forever." (Public Affairs Lecture, January 2001)


Energy Security Depends on Where You Live
Alexandra Reihing, Carnegie Council Global Intern
For consumer countries, energy security means reliable sources of supply. For producer states, it means high prices and stability in global markets. (Policy Innovations, September 2007)

Energy Security in the Gulf and the Growing Importance of "the East"
Ambassador Barbara K. Bodine, MIT;
Col. John H. Gill (ret.), National Defense University;
Moderated by John Tirman, MIT
The Persian Gulf States and India have had close ties for millennia; now they have increasingly convergent trade and strategic interests. (Public Affairs Lecture, March 2007)

European Energy Security and the Role of Russia
Gernot Erler, German Minister
As European energy demands continue to grow, Russia maintains its position as the primary source for Europe's energy supplies. Can Europe persuade Russia to guarantee its future energy needs? (Public Affairs Lecture, February 2007)


Four articles derived from a working paper by Leif Wenar, King's College London

1. Property Rights and the Resource Curse?
Consumers in rich countries unknowingly buy stolen goods every day. Raw materials are taken from the poorest people in the world, by stealth and by force. (Articles, Papers, and Reports, February 2008)

2. Might Makes the Right to Sell?
In some cases, profits from national resources go straight to dictators' pockets. Thus the most important international trade reform must be the removal of the "might-makes-right" rule. (Articles, Papers, and Reports, February 2008)

3. Stopping the Flow of Stolen Resources
Oil companies illicitly transport into the U.S. over 600 million barrels of oil each year—over 12 percent of U.S. imports. (Articles, Papers, and Reports, February 2008)

4. A Clean Hands Trust for the People of Sudan
A trust-and-tariff mechanism could be used against countries that insist on buying resources from the worst regimes, with the revenues going to repressed peoples. (Articles, Papers, and Reports, February 2008)

Oil Revenue Sharing for Iraq
Per Kurowski, Petropolitan, Venezuela
Developing a fair system for sharing Iraqi oil revenues will ensure that no one can aspire to be the next Saddam Hussein. (Policy Innovations, September 2008)

Oil, Profits, and Peace: Does Business Have a Role in Peacemaking?
Jill Shankleman, J. Shankleman Limited
How can and should oil and gas companies work with governments to counteract the destabilizing effects of drilling and international pipelines? (Public Affairs Lecture, April 2007)

Free Trade, Fair Trade, and Sustainable Trade: The Case of Resource Extraction
Christian Barry, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Australian National University;
Michael E. Conroy, Program Director for Global Governance, Rockefeller Brothers Fund;
David Dell, President, Sustainable Profitability Group;
Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Visiting Professor, Graduate Program in International Affairs, New School University;
Stephanie T. Kleine-Ahlbrandt, International Affairs Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations;
Andrew Kuper, Managing Director for Strategic Partnerships at Ashoka;
Edward J. Lincoln, Director, Center for Japan-U.S. Business, New York University;
Kamal Malhotra, Senior Adviser on Inclusive Globalisation, UNDP;
Noboru Maruyama, General Secretary, The Uehiro Foundation;
Junji Nakagawa, Professor of International Economic Law, University of Tokyo;
Thomas W. Pogge, Professor of Political Science, Columbia University;
Sanjay G. Reddy, Assistant Professor of Economics, Barnard College;
David Rodin, Director of Research, Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics; Mathias Risse, Associate Professor of Public Policy and Philosophy, Harvard University;
David Shinn, Adjunct Professor, The Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University;
Keith Slack, Senior Policy Advisor, Oxfam America
This conference examines the question of how to balance free and fair trade and applies insights to the case of equitable resource extraction. (Oxford-Uehiro-Carnegie Council Conference, 2006)

Sharing the Riches of the Earth: Democratizing Natural Resource-Led Development
Keith Slack, Oxfam
Developing countries that depend heavily on resource extraction do poorly on a variety of economic indicators, including growth rates, education levels, and income inequality. (Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 18.1, Winter 2004)


From the Council's Policy Innovations Online Magazine

Rising Sun for Electric Cars
Roy Morrison, Southern New Hampshire University
Southern New Hampshire University is experimenting with a parking lot using solar power to charge electric cars and feed renewable energy back into the grid. (Policy Innovations, April 2008)

Cogeneration Can Slash Carbon and Costs
Roy Morrison, Southern New Hampshire University;
Pentti Aalto, energy analyst and consultant
Cogeneration of electricity and heat is one of the most promising means of using existing technologies to increase efficiency, save money, and slash emissions. (Policy Innovations, August 2008)

Return to Trees for New Biofuel
Kyle Valenti, Carnegie Council Global Intern
Cellulosic ethanol, or "treethanol," is a promising new energy source. But anything that requires cutting down trees while purporting to save the environment should attract a reasonable dose of skepticism. (Policy Innovations, June 2007)

Agrofuels Favor Business over Farmers
Laura Carlsen, Center for International Policy
Agrofuels (a.k.a biofuels) have been touted as the solution to the energy crisis. But a closer look reveals that in many ways the rosy future envisioned by agrofuel promoters looks like the worst of the past. (Policy Innovations, September 2007)

Unethical Ethanol Tariff
Adam Dean, Carnegie Council Global Intern
Brazilian ethanol could reduce America's gas consumption and environmental footprint, while also helping poor Brazilian cane farmers. But the high U.S. tariff is discouraging imports. (Policy Innovations, April 2007)