YEAR IN REVIEW: The Most Popular Resources of 2007

January 9, 2008

Carnegie Council - Most Popular Resources of 2007

Human rights, India, globalization, fair trade, and Microsoft's attempt to manipulate Wikipedia—these are just some of the topics that you chose as the most popular resources of 2007. Materials are from the Carnegie Council website and from our online magazine Policy Innovations. They range in date from Shashi Tharoor in November 2007 to a classic speech in 1995 by Zbigniew Brzezinski



1. Global Human Rights Leadership: Who Will Fill the Void Left by the United States?
Kenneth Roth,
Human Rights Watch
With Washington's reputation as a leader on human rights gravely damaged by abuses committed in its "global war on terror," who will fill the vacuum? (Public Affairs Lecture, March 2007)

2. The Elephant, the Tiger, and the Cell Phone: Reflections on India, the Emerging 21st-Century Power
Shashi Tharoor, Author and former UN Official
Diversity, says Tharoor, is the very essence and strength of India, the world's largest democracy. Rather than a melting pot, it is more like an Indian "thali," with each dish separate but combining in the mouth to make a harmonious whole. (Public Affairs Lecture, November 2007)

3. Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, 1776 to the Present
Michael B. Oren, Shalem Center, Jerusalem
"Few Americans know of their very rich, centuries-long legacy in the Middle East," says Oren. "It's a multifaceted heritage of war and statecraft, altruism and beneficence, wild artistic imaginings, and swashbuckling adventure." (Public Affairs Lecture, January 2007)

4. In Spite of the Gods: The Strange Rise of Modern India
Edward Luce, Financial Times, London
Despite problems such as poverty and corruption, India is undergoing an extraordinary transformation, says Luce, emerging as an economic powerhouse and an important geopolitical force. (Public Affairs Lecture, February 2007)

5. The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World
General Sir Rupert Smith, British Army (retired)
The new paradigm is war amongst the people, where the strategic objective is to win hearts and minds, and the battle is for the people's will, rather than the destruction of an opponent's forces. (Public Affairs Lecture, January 2007)


Jorge Tigno, University of the Philippines
Tigno selects and reviews books, reports, and other materials that he considers representative of the human rights discourse in the Philippines. (Article, Human Rights Dialogue, Fall 1996)

2. The New Dimensions of Human Rights
Zbigniew Brzezinski, former National Security Advisor
As part of the Carter administration, which promoted human rights as its foreign policy, Brzezinski admits that this approach was a tactic against the Soviets. Nevertheless, he sees human rights as the inevitable offshoot of democracy, while warning that this could change if we fail to address the potential misuses of biotechnology. (Transcript, Morgenthau Lecture, May 1995)

3. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time
Jeffrey Sachs, Columbia University
Jeffrey Sachs, Director of the New Millennium Project, proposes ways to end extreme poverty all over the world by 2025. (Transcript, Public Affairs lecture, March 2005)

4. The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century
Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times
Globalization, particularly outsourcing, is leveling the playing field around the world, says Friedman, making India a major player. (Audio, Public Affairs Lecture, April 2005)

5. The End of the American Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century
Charles Kupchan, Georgetown University
International relations authority Charles Kupchan argues that America ignores Europe at its own peril. (Transcript, Public Affairs Lecture, February 2003)



1. Global Civil Society Mechanisms for Creating Fairer Trade
Michael Conroy, Colibrí Consulting
Conroy argues that while the multilateral trade regime is not designed for fair, moral, or sustainable trade, global civil society has created mechanisms that are moving trade toward fairer, more sustainable bases. He describes those efforts in the realms of forestry, fisheries, and mining. (December, 2006)

2. The West's Reaction to the 2006 China-Africa Summit
Stephanie T. Kleine-Ahlbrandt, UNHCR
The West reacted with vitriol to Beijing's China-Africa Summit, branding China as a "resource-hungry superpower in the making." But is this fair, given the West's own record in Africa? What options is the West offering China as incentives to change its behavior? (December 2006)

3. Making Globalization Work
Joseph Stiglitz, Columbia University
Stiglitz offers new thinking about the questions that shape the globalization debate, including a plan to restructure the global financial system, ideas for how countries can grow without degrading the environment, and a framework for free and fair global trade. (Public Affairs Program, October 2006)

4. Procedural and Substantive Fairness in Trade Negotiations
Junji Nakagawa, University of Tokyo
Nakagawa argues in favor of greater participation and substantive fairness, including development assistance, for developing countries in trade negotiations. (December, 2006)

5. Institutionalizing Fairness: Making Trade Work for People
Kamal Malhotra, UNDP
Malhotra focuses on trade rules and institutionalizing fairness in the context of the findings of the study he led at the UNDP titled "Making Global Trade Work for People." (December, 2006)


1. Wiki Influence
Diana Constantinescu, Global Intern
This story of how Microsoft asked Rick Jelliffe to modify an article for them reminds us that a community like that of Wikipedia's editors is vulnerable to manipulation by commercial interests—and that information is power. (Briefing, February 2007)

2. Unethical Ethanol Tariff
Adam Dean, Global Intern
Importing Brazilian ethanol made from sugar could reduce America's gasoline consumption and its environmental footprint and would also lead to a higher price for sugar, potentially lifting Brazilian cane farmers out of poverty. But a tariff of 54 cents per gallon is currently distorting the market. (Briefing, April 2007)

3. Chinese Sexual Culture
James Farrer, Sophia University, Tokyo
Devin Stewart interviews sociologist James Farrer about a recent conference in Beijing on sexuality and implications for human rights and civil society in China. (Commentary, July, 2007)

4. Is Ethical Clothing No Sweat?
Rushaine McKenzie, Global Intern
Launched by Irish Rocker Bono, Product RED is a venture designed to raise money for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. RED is part of a new trend in world trade—ethical clothing—with implications for the textile industry in Africa and developing countries around the world. (Briefing, November 2006)

5. The AccountAbility Story
Steve A. Rochlin, AccountAbility North America
AccountAbility's mission is to advance innovations in accountability in order to promote sustainable development. Now in its 11th year, its approach rests on working collaboratively on several levels. It strives to build the definitions and requirements for accountability and sustainable development in the 21st century. (Innovations, December 2006)