- Introduction to Humanitarian Aid and Intervention: The Challenges of Integration
The idea of humanitarian assistance—delivering medicine, food, and other supplies to relieve suffering and save lives—appears to be a simple one. But there is a debate among humanitarian organizations, official donors, governments, and the UN about the operational approach.
- Informing the Integration Debate with Recent Experience [Full Text]
| Larry Minear | 09/24/2004
The overriding challenge faced by policy-makers in the post–Cold War era is not, as many would have us believe, the achievement of integration of humanitarian action into the prevailing politico-military context. It is rather the protection of its independence.
- Improving the U.S. Government's Humanitarian Response [Full Text]
| Anita Menghetti, Jeff Drumtra | 09/24/2004
The Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) was created in 1964 to provide emergency nonfood humanitarian assistance in response to international crises and disasters, in order to save lives and alleviate human suffering and to reduce the economic impact of those disasters.
- The Value of Integration: A U.S. Perspective [Full Text]
| Arthur E. Dewey | 09/24/2004
The integration of humanitarian action into intervention operations, and particularly the inclusion of a military component, carries risks—but none so great as to be worth sacrificing integration on the altar of humanitarian purity.
- Understanding Integration from Rwanda to Iraq [Full Text]
| Joanna Macrae | 09/24/2004
In 1994, in the refugee camps of Goma, Zaire, there was widespread manipulation of aid resources by armed groups implicated in the genocide in Rwanda. This experience highlighted a wider concern that, rather than doing good, emergency aid can fuel violence.
- An Elusive Quest: Integration in the response to the Afghan Crisis [Full Text]
| Antonio Donini | 09/24/2004
In the UN humanitarian response in Afghanistan post–September 11 we see a dangerous level of contraction that compromises the application of its basic principles for the sake of pursuing nationbuilding activities in the service of political agendas.
- Upholding Humanitarian Principles in an Effective Integrated Response [Full Text]
| Joel R. Charny | 09/24/2004
The integration of political, military, and humanitarian action in responding to complex emergencies offers a compelling promise of resolving long-term problems and thereby providing peace and stability to an entire population.
- Humanitarianism Sacrificed: Integration's False Promise [Full Text]
| Nicolas de Torrenté | 09/24/2004
In recent years there have been concerted efforts to ensure that the different components of the international response to crisis-affected countries are integrated in pursuit of a stated goal of comprehensive, durable, and just resolution of conflict.