- The Slippery Slope to Preventive War [Full Text]
| Neta C. Crawford | 03/03/2003
The character of potential threats becomes extremely important in evaluating the legitimacy of the new preemption doctrine, and thus the assertion that the United States faces rogue enemies who oppose everything about the United States must be carefully evaluated.
- Just War, Not Prevention [Full Text]
| Thomas M. Nichols | 03/02/2003
Neither prevention nor preemption can have any moral standing in the abstract, since it is the circumstances, not the concepts, that inform their qualities as strategies. The question, rather, is whether the decision to engage in a new war against the Iraqi regime is just.
- Striking First: A History of Thankfully Lost Opportunities [Full Text]
| Richard K. Betts | 03/02/2003
Although much of this roundtable focuses on the legal status of preemptive war, international law has rarely, if ever, constrained governments from initiating hostilities.
- Letting the Exception Prove the Rule [Full Text]
| Michael Byers | 03/02/2003
Many of the United States’ allies are reluctant to cooperate with and participate in military actions that cannot be justified under international law - and supportive allies do make the military option easier to pursue.
- Self-Defense in an Imperfect World [Full Text]
| Chris Brown | 03/02/2003
In his address at West Point on June 1, 2002, President George W. Bush appeared to be signaling America’s willingness to regard the mere possession of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by potential enemies as grounds for an anticipatory war.
- Evaluating the Preemptive Use of Force [Full Text]
| Anthony F. Lang, Jr. | 03/02/2003
Under what conditions does the existence of risk and uncertainty about possible threats license the use of military force? What consultative procedures should be required in order to legitimate the preventive or preemptive use of force?