- On Moral Equivalency and Cold War History [Abstract]
| John Lewis Gaddis | December 4, 1996
"National History Standards" and the Smithsonian's abortive effort to mount a 50th anniversary exhibit on the decision to drop the atomic bomb suggest that historians need to rethink some of their academic approaches to this subject, wrote John Lewis Gaddis in 1996. Free online till December 31, 2014.
- Governing Anarchy: A Research Agenda for the Study of Security Communities [Abstract]
| Emanuel Adler, Michael N. Barnett | 12/04/1996
Adler and Barnett demonstrate how changes occurring in international politics create the nostalgia of security communities, a concept made prominent by Karl Deutsch nearly forty years ago.
- International Peacemaking and Peacekeeping: The Morality of Multilateral Measures [Abstract]
| Charles W. Kegley, Jr. | 12/04/1996
Kegley argues that the greatest obstacle to the creation of a mechanism for multilateral peacekeeping is an absence of a moral consensus in a world where the nature of rapidly changing threats to global peace make it difficult to share a common vision.
- Intervention and Collective Self-Determination [Abstract]
| Jeff McMahan | 12/04/1996
McMahan challenges the assumption that respect for self-determination requires an almost exceptionless doctrine of nonintervention by first defining the notions of "intervention" and "self-determination," and then analyzing Walzer's doctrine of nonintervention.
- Notes on the Just War Theory: Whose Justice, Which Wars? [Abstract]
| Robert J. Myers | 12/04/1996
Dr. Myers challenges the legitimacy of the traditional concept of the "just war," revived during the Vietnam War and with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars in 1977.
- America and the World: Isolationism Resurgent? [Abstract]
| Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. | 12/04/1996
The U.S. rejected isolationism during the standoff with the Soviet Union during the Cold War because of the perceived direct threat to U.S. security. Schlesinger argues that we must now both reexamine the Wilsonian doctrine of collective security and focus on preventive diplomacy.
- The Case for Collective Human Rights: The Reality of Group Suffering [Abstract]
| William F. Felice | 12/04/1996
Felice argues that individual human rights, which have proven to be of enormous value in the twentieth century, must be extended to communities ranging from the family unit to the entire human community.
- Just War Principles and Economic Sanctions [Abstract]
| Albert C. Pierce | 12/04/1996
Pierce challenges the argument that economic sanctions are always morally preferable to the use of military force. He argues that such sanctions inflict suffering and physical harm on noncombatants and that small-scale military operations are sometimes preferable.
- The New Dimensions of Human Rights [Abstract]
| Zbigniew Brzezinski | 12/04/1996
Brzezinski predicts that the interface between ethics and science will be the new frontier of politics, and it will place on the shoulders of democratic leaders and those concerned with human rights, the obligation to be at least part-time scientists and philosophers.