- Marxism and Morality: Reflections on the Revolutions of 1989 [Abstract]
| Steven Lukes | 12/02/1990
Can the momentous events in Tianamen Square and the revolutionary changes in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe be seen as the inevitable triumph of one political ideology over another? Lukes contends that the Marxist morality failed because it didn't deliver on its promises.
- China's Sprouts of Democracy [Abstract]
| Merle Goldman | 12/02/1990
Why was it not until the mid-1980s that the intellectuals, the "democratic elite" of China, initiated a public dialogue about "inalienable" rights in the Western sense? The reason may lie in the impact of events in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
- Is Democracy an Ethical Standard? [Abstract]
| James Turner Johnson | 12/02/1990
Can history serve to uphold democracy as an ethical standard of governance? The author suggests that the basic and cross-temporal cornerstones of morality, the family and religion, serve as "intermediate" social structures in attaining the central virtues of a moral democracy.
- The Helsinki Accord: A Growth Industry [Abstract]
| William Korey | 12/02/1990
Korey focuses on the U.S. delegation to the Commission on Security and Cooperation (CSCE) in Europe and credits the success of the Helsinki Accord to U.S. adroit negotiation strategies, beginning with the Carter administration.
- Monitoring Human Rights: Problems of Consistency [Abstract]
| Rhoda E. Howard | 12/02/1990
The author highlights the different ways in which countries measure standards of human rights and social justice within their borders and in other countries.