- Drawing the Line on Opprobrious Violence [Abstract]
| Augustus Richard Norton | 12/02/1990
Deliberate and indiscriminate targeting of civilians, most particularly in a non-war environment, is an unjustifiable form of violence that can be defeated most effectively through multilateral efforts, according to Norton.
- Early Advocates of Lasting World Peace: Utopians or Realists? [Abstract]
| Sissela Bok | 12/02/1990
Realist thinkers who once rejected the moral claims of the possibility of a lasting world peace now take the position that the goal of attaining it is clearly worth striving for, "however utopian it seemed when first advocated."
- Debt and Wrong-Way Resource Flows in Costa Rica [Abstract]
| Sheldon Annis | 12/02/1990
External debt, poverty, and the use of natural resources are inextricably linked. Annis argues that the direction in which a country's economic resources are transferred—from poor to rich, or rich to poor—also sets the pattern for the flow of natural resources.
- Peace Studies: Social Movement or Intellectual Discipline? [Abstract]
| Kenneth W. Thompson | 12/02/1990
The author cites prominent academicians currently examining this trend and presents the case for accepting grass-roots social activism as a crucial link to the closed world of policy-making elites.
- International Ethics and the Environmental Crisis [Abstract]
| Robert E. Goodin | 12/02/1990
Goodin outlines specific ways to overcome the crisis through international means, requiring each nation to reduce its own hazardous production, and enjoining a collective effort to confront the challenge of global environmental deterioration.
- Moral Standards Under Pressure: The Israeli Army and the 'Intifada' [Abstract]
| Max Singer | 12/02/1990
The PLO practice of hiding behind civilians has produced severe tests for the Israeli Defense Force (IDF). Have Israeli soldiers abandoned their moral obligations in war during the time of Intifada?