- Ethics and Intervention [Abstract]
| Michael J. Smith | 12/02/1989
The moral complexity surrounding intervention is influenced by a broad spectrum of both ethical and practical assumptions and considerations.
- Imposing a Standard: Covert Action and American Democracy [Abstract]
| Gregory F. Treverton | 12/02/1989
The author urges presidents to abstain from implementing covert operations, which often result in nothing more than domestic and international controversy. Such decisions are the domain of the legitimate agency designated for such purposes, the CIA.
- Covert Intervention as a Moral Problem [Abstract]
| Charles R. Beitz | December 2, 1989
Often manipulative and sometimes anonymous, covert operations raise critical morality concerns in a democratic society. Written in 1989 in light of scandals in the mid-1970s and 1980s such as the Iran-Contra affair, this article poses questions that still need to be addressed today. Free online until December 31, 2014.
- Public Policy, Secret Action [Abstract]
| William E. Colby | 12/02/1989
Exploitation of the executive exercise of covert operations has presented a dilemma, but Colby maintains that even in peacetime a "democratic society must have and respect some secrets."
- The Ethics of Excess and Indian Intervention in South Asia [Abstract]
| Ralph Buultjens | 12/02/1989
India has promoted its power through intervention in neighboring countries under the cloak of morality. The United States, Great Britain, and Russia have nonetheless tacitly endorsed India's role as the policing force in the region. Does this recognition justify India's actions toward its weaker and smaller neighbors?
- Closing the Fairness-Practice Gap [Abstract]
| Robert O. Keohane | 12/02/1989
The author argues that all governments are morally obliged to support international institutions that advocate crosscultural and global public goods to advance the fairness principle.
- Moral Choice and the Iran-Iraq Conflict [Abstract]
| Gary Sick | 12/02/1989
In this analysis of the Iran-Iraq war, Sick asserts that two major naturally wealthy regional powers consciously chose to forego diplomatic means to resolve their disputes.
- Fear and Prejudice in U.S.-Japan Relations [Abstract]
| John W. Dower | 12/02/1989
Dower observes mounting tension in U.S.-Japan relations. He identifies two factors as contributing to mutual fear: differences in capitalism on national and international levels, and stereotypical perceptions based on racial phobias.
- Moral Minimums for Multinationals [Abstract]
| Thomas Donaldson | 12/02/1989
Donaldson argues that major changes are necessary in the decision-making process as well as in the conduct of multinational corporations in order to exercise moral obligations and meet culture-specific needs of host countries.
- Inhibiting Reliance on Biological Weaponry: The Role and Relevance of International Law [Abstract]
| Richard A. Falk | 12/02/1989
The author concludes that the failure of major powers to comply with the rules they themselves set has encouraged emulation by the rest of the world.
- Liberalism, Conservatism, and Americanism [Abstract]
| Seymour Martin Lipset | 12/02/1989
Lipset concludes with an assessment of the current global movement toward classical liberalism: "We are all liberals-even the socialists and communists, " he asserts. . . [and] predicts a return to the state-centric world in the not-so-near future.
- The American Problem [Abstract]
| David P. Calleo | 12/02/1989
The author urges the United States to "become the ally of its allies rather than their managing protector," as it has been historically, leaving Europe to take responsibility for its own security.