- Superpower Ethics: The Rules of the Game [Abstract]
| Stanley Hoffmann | December 02, 1987
International systems have historically come in two forms: those based on the balance of power and those of a revolutionary nature, including systems organized around bipolar competition. Stanley Hoffmann finds the world order of 1987 to contain both these systems and judges it both ambiguous and original. To mark Dr. Hoffmann's death on September 13, 2015, this article is free online for a limited time.
- Superpower Ethics: Western European Dilemmas: Man, State, and History [Abstract]
| Pierre Hassner | 12/02/1987
Hassner reflects upon the profound differences among the European views of the superpowers and the challenge the United States and the Soviet Union face in establishing a common ethics.
- Superpower Ethics: A Third World Perspective [Abstract]
| Ali A. Mazrui | 12/02/1987
In 1987, the philosophies of a U.S. grounded in political liberalism and a Soviet Union grounded in economic redistribution were at odds. Mazrui argues that each superpower's actions ultimately supported the other's philosophy.
- Superpower Ethics: An Introduction [Abstract]
| Joseph S. Nye, Jr. | December 2, 1987
Aristotle's "virtue," Kant's "good intent," and the "good result" of the consequentialists are inadequate to determine right on the superpower playing field. In reference to this insufficiency, Nye sketches the arguments of the subsequent articles on the state of superpower ethics.