A Different Kind of Justice: Dealing with Human Rights Violations
in Transitional Societies, by David Little
In this Ethics & International Affairs essay, David Little grapples with how to handle serious human rights offenders in transitional societies moving from authoritarianism to democracy. Will a system of retributive justice bring the healing and harmony necessary for peace and stability? Or, is "a different kind of justice" required, one explicitly aimed at reconciliation?
Peacemaking and Human Rights, by Cedric Thornberry
As the former Assistant Secretary-General of the UN, Thornberry highlights the importance of human rights in UN peacemaking and peacekeeping missions. He outlines the specific tasks these missions have within the human rights field and argues that such tasks are essential to the legitimacy and continuation of UN peace operations. He also addresses the difficulties governments face when incorporating human rights into peace work and identifies democratic process, the media and non-governmental organizations as critical actors in ameliorating these tensions.
Helping Prevent Violent Conflict, by Development Assistance
Committee, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
This document outlines the guiding principles for the participation of donor nations in conflict prevention and emphasizes the need to ensure peace through security and development. Several recommendations are made to the donor community to encourage the integration of human rights into civil society through peace building initiatives.
Supporting Local Capacities for Handling Violent Conflict: A Role
for International NGOs? by Andy Carl
This article raises important questions for INGOs working in the field of peacemaking. Carl addresses both the strengths and dangers of incorporating local organizations into the prevention and resolution of conflict. While acknowledging the complexities, he argues the need to “invest in agents for constructive change,” specifically referring to independent media, human rights monitors, and community-based peacemakers.
Organizations and Research Centers
CRInfo, the Conflict Resolution
This comprehensive site offers one-stop shopping for all your conflict resolution resource needs. Education training, notification of upcoming events, searchable catalog, and online discussions are augmented by an excellent annotated links section. Especially useful is the “About Conflict Resolution” section with basic information, FAQs, a glossary of terms, and links to educational and training opportunities – a great research tool for newcomers to the field.
An academic institution in association with the University of Ulster and the United Nations University, this Web site not only provides extensive information regarding the Northern Ireland conflict but also supplies in-depth information concerning countless conflicts around the world. The site offers country-specific resources, thematic guides, a long list of peace agreements, a library database to its publications, and an information bank directing you to related journals, academic programs, training resources, NGOs, and more.
This organization’s objective is to provide practical and sustained assistance to people and groups in areas of armed conflict or where there is the potential for violence at the community or national level. Their Web site offers an array of papers with a linking focus on community-based responses to conflict. Also available is an interesting collection of notes from practitioners in the field and a full text link to Accord, their international review of peace processes.
International Crisis Group
The International Crisis Group is a private, multinational organization with staff members on four continents working through field-based analysis and advocacy to prevent and contain conflict. This Web site has numerous online publications documenting conflicts and rights abuses and offers specific policy proposals to government officials, international bodies, and civil society.
Center for the Study of
Violence and Reconciliation
This NGO is dedicated to making a meaningful contribution to peaceful and fundamental transformation in South Africa. The Web site contains 13 years of research and organizing publications among a wide-range of categories including arms control, policing, political violence, development, human rights, and more. Particularly abundant are their publications on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.