Annotated Resource Links: A Comparative Study of Values in Environmental Policy Making in China, India, Japan, and the U.S.A. (2000)

April 21, 2000

Academic Programs
Nongovernmental Organizations
Governmental Organizations
Online Resources

Academic Programs

The China Project, Harvard University
The Harvard University Center for the Environment's China Project is a multidisciplinary research program on energy use and environment in China and in Sino- American relations. The program explores integrated policy responses to local air pollution problems of immediate concern in China and to greenhouse gas emissions by the world's two leading national sources, the U.S. and China. Phase III of the project includes a multidisciplinary project which examines the ways in which environmental laws and policies are understood, communicated and used by China’s urban population with attention also focused on non-formal types of communication and processing of environmental grievances.

The World Values Survey
The World Values Survey is a worldwide investigation of sociocultural and political change. It has carried out representative national surveys of the basic values and beliefs of publics in more than 65 societies on all six inhabited continents, containing almost 80 percent of the world's population.

The Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment and the Life Sciences
The Consortium builds on the strengths of twelve University centers and programs, establishing the University of Minnesota as a leading institution working on law and values in health, the life sciences, and the environment. The mission of the Consortium is to support work on the legal, ethical, and policy implications of problems in health, environment, and the life sciences in order to advance knowledge, public understanding, and sound policy.

Center for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change
The center seeks to use both the social and the natural sciences to solve global environmental problems. With a wide variety of projects, the center looks at how people make decisions and the consequences of those decisions. They have sponsored several value-based projects including research on public attitudes regarding the environment in China.

The Values Institute
The principal aim of the Values Institute at the University of San Diego is to provide a place where people can come together for the thoughtful discussion of difficult moral issues. They seek to provide such a place for members of the immediate university community (students, faculty, administration, and alumni), for members of the local San Diego community, and for the larger national and international communities of students and scholars. The institute provides courses, lectures, seminars, workshops, and conferences, both on-campus and on the World Wide Web.

Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE)
CSERGE, a project at the University of East Anglia, undertakes policy relevant interdisciplinary research on environmental issues. They are committed to exploring relevant environmental issues for a variety of circumstances and stakeholders, and across different temporal and spatial scales. Research tools include economic analysis, environmental valuation, political and institutional analysis, integrated environmental-economic modelling, risk analysis, multi-stakeholder mediations techniques, life cycle assessment, geographical information systems.

The Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University
This site includes news, many resources, information on legal issues and educational opportunities, and an extensive links section with some excellent bibliographies. This site would take the place of The EcoJustice Network link.

The Environmental Ethics and Public Policy Program
An academic program at Harvard, associated with the Harvard Seminar on Environmental Values. This site has links to the Web sites of the various projects associated with the program and also has support materials for research in environmental ethics.

The Project on Environment, Population, and Security
Associated with the University of Toronto. The project gathers data on causal linkages among population growth, renewable resource scarcities, migration and violent conflict.

University of California, Berkeley Energy and Resources Group
The Energy and Resources Group (ERG) is an interdisciplinary academic unit of the University of California at Berkeley, conducting programs of graduate teaching and research that treat issues of energy, resources, development, and international security as the intersection of technological, economic, environmental, and sociopolitical components.

University of Georgia Environmental Ethics Certificate Program
University of Georgia’s Environmental Ethics academic program includes annual seminars and occasional conferences to unify people from diverse disciplines in discussion and decision-making about environmental problems that involve competing values.

Nongovernmental Organizations

Asia-Pacific Network
Asia-Pacific Network provides independent journalism on social, political, environmental, media and development issues in the Asia-Pacific region.

Center for Science and Environment
CSE is a public interest research and advocacy organization based in India that promotes environmentally sound development strategies. The CSE site contains environmental news pertaining to India and information about CSE campaigns.

The Earth Charter Initiative
A campaign working to create a proclamation of fundamental principles for a sustainable way of life, to promote worldwide dialogue on shared values and global ethics and to seek endorsement by the United Nations and become a statement of UN “soft law”. This Web site contains drafts of the current version of the Charter and links to the forums associated with the campaign.

Council for Research in Values and Philosophy
The goal of the Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (CRVP) is to promote philosophical team research that draws upon the cultural resources of the peoples of the world and applies them for human progress in these times. The CRVP seeks to identify areas related to values and social life, which are in need of research, to bring together the professional competencies in philosophy and related human sciences needed for this research, and to publish the resulting studies.

Economic and Social Research Council
A U.K. funding agency for research and training on social and economic issues. Includes an electronic version of Social Sciences Newsletter.

Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP)
A program at the Woodrow Wilson Center, ECSP serves as an information clearinghouse on the views, activities, and policy initiatives falling under the rubric of 'environment, population, and security.' The program is organized into four categories, including the China Environment Forum. ECSP also published summary reports of the Working Group on Environment in U.S.-China Relations, which examines key environmental issues in China and how they fit into the context of U.S.-China relations. The Web site
also databases the program's two publications: Environmental Change and Security Project Report and China Environment Series.

Environmental Defense Fund
A not-for-profit environmental advocacy group with four goals: stabilizing Earth's climate; safeguarding the world's oceans; protecting human health; and defending and restoring biodiversity. The site hosts environmental news and facts. One of their projects in China works with local municipalities and the central government to combat acid rain in rural areas by developing demonstration emissions trading programs. This new initiative builds on two earlier projects in the industrial cities of Benxi and Nantong.

Greening of Industry Network
The Greening of Industry Network conducts and promotes research useful toward ensuring that the activities of industry--including business, labor, consumers and government--are consistent with building a sustainable future. Through an agenda of linked conferences, publications and communications begun in 1991, the Network seeks to stimulate research and dialogue between researchers, policy makers, and other stakeholders.

International Human Dimensions Program
An international, non-governmental, interdisciplinary science program promoting and coordinating research aimed at describing, analyzing and understanding the human dimensions of global environmental change. At the 2001 IHDP Open Meeting the CCEIA environment project presented a panel entitled ‘Cross National Comparison of Values in Environmental Policy Making’

International Institute for Sustainable Development
A non-profit organization that advances policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic instruments, climate change, measurement and indicators, and natural resource management to encourage sustainable development. At the community level, IISD has focused on achieving a deeper understanding of community processes and livelihoods systems, particularly in developing countries. Research includes: ‘Skownan First Nation Community Values Project: Integrating Aboriginal values into land use and resource management’.

World Resources Institute
Provides information and proposals for policy and institutional change to foster environmentally sound, socially equitable development. The Web site provides general environmental news, regional resources, and online resources.

Governmental Organizations

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
The site’s section on the environmental programs of the OECD provide data, analysis and policy recommendations to support implementation of the four Shared Goals for Action which environment ministers of OECD countries agreed upon in 1998. Site includes a compendia of environmental information and links to environmental information systems by country


The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership
Based on a review of its programs to date and an analysis of evolving needs and opportunities for collaboration and intellectual exchange, the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership (CGP) has shifted their priorities towards support of policy relevant research and dialogue that promotes sustainable development. They have established the following priority areas for CGP funding for sustainable development: environmental governance, impact of new technology on sustainable development, and economic globalization and sustainable development.

National Center for Environmental Research
Provides news of recent grant awards, guidance for prospective applicants and recent recipients, links to NCER research centers and graduate fellowships. Recently, the NCER sponsored the ‘Decision-Making and Valuation for Environmental Policy Workshop’, which brought together previous award recipients to discuss valuing environmental quality and improving environmental decision making.

National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation is an independent U.S. government agency responsible for promoting science and engineering through programs that invest over $3.3 billion per year in almost 20,000 research and education projects in science and engineering.

Economic and Social Research Council
Move from NGO section to Funding section: A U.K. funding agency for research and training on social and economic issues. Includes an electronic version of Social Sciences Newsletter.


Environmental Ethics
A forum for diverse interests and attitudes, this journal seeks to bring together the nonprofessional environmental philosophy tradition with professional interest in the subject.

Environment and Behavior
Published bimonthly, Environment and Behavior publishes current research and theories as they develop. Environment and Behavior analyzes and records the influence of environment on individuals, groups and institutions.

Environmental Values
Concerned with the basis and justification of environmental policy, Environmental Values aims to bring together contributions from philosophy, law, economics and other disciplines that relate to the present and future environment and to clarify the relationship between practical policy issues and more fundamental underlying principles or assumptions.

Ethics and the Environment
A scholarly journal, Ethics and the Environment is a collaboration of philosophers, ecologists, and environmentalists. The journal provides an interdisciplinary forum for theoretical and practical articles, discussions, reviews, comments, and book reviews in the broad area encompassed by environmental ethics. Topics encompass conceptual approaches in ethical theory and ecological philosophy.

Human Ecology
An interdisciplinary journal that publishes papers concerned with the complex and varied systems of interaction between people and their environment. Contributions examine the roles of social, cultural, and psychological factors in the maintenance or disruption of ecosystems and investigate the effects of population density on health, social organization, and environmental quality.

Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning
An international journal that provides a forum for the critical analysis of environmental policy and planning.

Journal of Political Ecology
JPE is a peer-reviewed journal that encourages research into the linkages between political economy and human environmental impacts. Work is presented in traditional areas - monetary theory, fiscal policy, labor economics, planning and development, international trade and finance, industrial organization - as well as in such interdisciplinary fields as the history of economic thought and social economics.

Online Resources

Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library
A global collaborative project that provides access in bibliographic and hypertext forms to networked scholarly documents, resources, and information systems relevant to Asian Studies.

International Society for Environmental Ethics
A bibliography covering environmental ethics.