- Reaching for Power: The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World
Professor Yitzhak Nakash presents in great detail the history of the Shi'a branch of Islam, including an analysis of the tenuous political process in post-Saddam Iraq.
- The UN Charter and the Neoconservative Challenge
Preventive war and democracy promotion are the two main prongs of the neocon challenge to traditional UN norms governing the use of force. Farer criticizes the neocon project and offers suggestions for shoring up the UN Charter in the face of new global threats.
- Corporate Warriors: The Privatized Military and Iraq
P. W. Singer examines the Pentagon's policy of contracting private security and logistics firms for tasks ranging from combat to catering in the Iraq War. What are the ethical dilemmas and conflicting incentives of outsourcing a traditional state function to essentially mercenary groups?
- What's Wrong With Preventive War? The Moral and Legal Basis for the Use of Preventive Force [Abstract]
The question of the legitimacy of preventive war has been at the center of the debate about the proper response to terrorism and the legitimacy of the Iraq War.
- Ending Tyranny in Iraq: A Debate
Was the war in Iraq a humanitarian intervention? Yes, argues Tesón. What’s important is that it rid the world of a dictator. No, says Roth, and trying to justify it in humanitarian terms has given intervention a bad name.
- Humanitarian Imperialism: Response to "Ending Tyranny in Iraq" [Full Text]
Tesón's “humanitarian rationales” for the war in Iraq strain the traditional understanding of humanitarian intervention: The first, that the war was fought to overthrow a tyrant. The second, that it was a defense strategy establishing democratic regimes peacefully, but by force if necessary.
- Responsibility to Protect or Trojan Horse? The Crisis in Darfur and Humanitarian Intervention after Iraq [Excerpt]
What does the world’s engagement with the unfolding crisis in Darfur tell us about the impact of the Iraq war on the norm of humanitarian intervention? Is a global consensus about a "responsibility to protect" more or less likely? There are at least three potential answers to these questions.
- Ending Tyranny in Iraq [Full Text]
President George W. Bush surprised many observers in his second inaugural address when he promised to oppose tyranny and oppression, and this in a world not always willing or ready to join in that fight. Humanitarian intervention is again on the forefront of world politics.
- Of Tyrants and Empires: Reply to Terry Nardin [Full Text]
"If being a humanitarian imperialist means advocating that the hegemon use its might to advance freedom, human rights, and democracy, then I am a humanitarian imperialist."
- Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq
After a recent visit to Iraq, Larry Diamond reflects sadly on how we have allowed the situation "to slip into a state of severe insecurity, stalemate, and economic disarray."
- Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco
Originally in favor of going to war, Phillips, a former State Department official, discusses the mistakes made because of the lack of a plan for winning the peace.
- Children at War
The ever-growing number of child soldiers across the globe is one of the world's most under-reported stories. "There are an estimated 300,000 child soldiers right now serving as active combatants," says Singer, "and another half-million who are serving in armed forces not at war."
- Conflict and Order in the New Age of Preventive War
Nichols believes that the norm against preventive military action is rapidly being eroded and that we are headed into an era where preventive war will be an accepted feature of the international system.
- Three Challenges for the Human Rights Movement: Darfur, Abu Ghraib, and the Role of the United Nations
Kenneth Roth, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch, discusses Darfur, Abu Ghraib, and the role of the UN.
- What We Owe Iraq: War and the Ethics of Nation Building
Feldman, a constitutional expert and Arabic-speaker sent to Iraq by the Bush administration, argues that U.S. intervention in Iraq amounts to a moral promise. Unless asked to leave, he believes that we are morally bound to stay until a legitimately elected government can govern effectively.
- The Marsh Arabs of Iraq: The Legacy of Saddam Hussein and an Agenda for Restoration and Justice
While Saddam Hussein's persecution of the Kurds is well known, few are aware that he drained Iraq's southern marshlands as part of a deliberate strategy to destroy the lives of the region's inhabitants, known as the Marsh Arabs. This 2004 panel discusses their plight and what is being done to restore at least part of the marshes.
- Arguing About War (2004)
Walzer rejects the argument that the invasion of Iraq was justified: "It is only massacre or ethnic cleansing or mass enslavement in progress that justifies marching an army into someone else's country. That is what humanitarian intervention is, and that is not what the Iraq war was."
- Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum
"Because of the geographic shifts in the production of oil to areas of instability, growing competition for access to that oil, and the militarization of foreign oil policy, we are risking a very high level of violence emerging. We must move swiftly and systematically to develop a post-petroleum economy."
- Of Paradise and Power: America vs. Europe in the New World Order (With a New Afterword)
The widening military gap between Europe and the United States has an unavoidable effect, says Robert Kagan. "It is a natural human phenomenon that if you have more power, you are more likely to use it. When you have less power, you are less likely to use it, and also less likely to consider it a legitimate activity."
- Fear's Empire: War, Terrorism, and Democracy in an Age of Interdependence
Benjamin Barber urges the United States to curb its militaristic impulses in favor of working for "global comity" within the framework of universal rights and law.