- Gene Editing Governance & Dr. He Jiankui, with Jeffrey Kahn
Jeffrey Kahn, director of the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute for Bioethics, discusses the many governance issues connected to gene editing. Plus, he gives a first-hand account of an historic conference in Hong Kong last year in which Dr. He Jiankui shared his research on the birth of the world's first germline genetically engineered babies. What's the future of the governance of this emerging technology?
- Gene Editing: Overview, Ethics, & the Near Future, with Robert Klitzman
In the first in a series of podcasts on gene editing, Columbia's Dr. Robert Klitzman provides an overview of the technology, ethical and governance issues, and where it could all go in the near future. Plus he explains why the birth of genetically engineered twins in China last year was a "seismic" event. How could gene editing lead to more inequality? What could be some of unintended consequences?
- Prioritizing the Linkages Between Sustainable Development Goals to Eradicate Child Marriage
"Child marriage is both a cause and consequence of the other societal ills outlined in the UN's Sustainable Development Goals," writes human rights attorney Megan E. Corrado. This connection is especially stark in states like Afghanistan, which face instability due to conflict. What can governments and civil society do to help children in need? What are some grassroots approaches?
- Just Out: "Ethics & International Affairs" Summer 2019 Issue
The highlight of this issue is a roundtable on "Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Global Affairs," with contributions from Heather M. Roff, Steven Livingston and Mathias Risse, Jeffrey D. Sachs, Amandeep Singh Gill, Sara E. Davies, and Patrick Lin and Fritz Allhoff. The contributions consider how artificial intelligence will affect human rights, economic development, international security, global health, and the Arctic frontier in the coming decades.
- Ethics & International Affairs Volume 33.2 (Summer 2019)
This issue features a roundtable on artificial intelligence and the future of global affairs. It also contains essays about the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption; the ethics of the "pluriverse;" diversity and hierarchy in international politics; and much more.
- Josephine Marrocco Wins 2019 Carnegie Council Student Research Conference: Topic, AIDS Crisis in Russia
The winning presentation in this year's Student Research Conference was by Josephine Marrocco of Fordham University in New York. Her presentation "Sex, Drugs and Propaganda: Why AIDS persists in the Russian Federation" examines the use of government propaganda in the context of Russia's AIDS crisis.
- Sex, Drugs, and Propaganda: Why AIDS Persists in the Russian Federation
On May 3, 2019, Josephine Marrocco's presentation on HIV/AIDS in Russia was selected as the winner of the Council's fifth annual Student Research Conference. Afterwards, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart, who organized the conference, conducted this email interview with her about her research.
- Jingjing Zhang: Greening China's Globalization
Born in China, environmental lawyer Jingjing Zhang is working to hold China accountable for the negative impacts of its overseas investment and construction projects, the value of which is close to $2 trillion. Known as the "Erin Brockovich of China," she investigates cases from Africa to Latin America to Southeast Asia, to ensure Chinese companies' compliance with environmental laws and international human rights standards.
- Carnegie Council Presents "The Crack-Up," a Podcast Series about the Pivotal Year of 1919
Created and hosted by historian and Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Ted Widmer, "The Crack-Up" is a special podcast series about the events of 1919, a turbulent year that in many ways shaped the 20th century and the modern world. Widmer is working with The "New York Times" on a series of long features on the legacy of 1919 and these podcasts are designed to complement the articles by interviewing each of the authors.
- The Crack-Up: Teddy Roosevelt's Complicated Legacy, with Patty O'Toole
This podcast is part of "The Crack-Up," a special series about the events of 1919, a year that in many ways shaped the 20th century and the modern world. In this episode, host Ted Widmer speaks with fellow historian Patty O'Toole about her "New York Times" article on Teddy Roosevelt, who died 100 years ago this week. Why was health care reform so important to him? What did he think about nationalism? How would TR fit in with the modern GOP?
- The Northern Ireland We Want--the Opportunities
In this session of the International Seminar on Wellbeing in Northern Ireland, economist Neil Gibson of Ernst & Young, Katrina Godfrey, Department of Infrastructure, Northern Ireland, and Deirdre Garvey of The Wheel, discuss how to achieve a better Northern Ireland for all.
- From Enemies to Partners: Vietnam, the U.S., & Agent Orange, with Charles R. Bailey
The Vietnam War ended over 40 years ago, but the U.S. and Vietnam are still coming to terms with the legacy of the toxic herbicide Agent Orange. Yet there is some good news: The cleanup is continuing and the U.S. Congress is committed. Bailey, who led Agent Orange programs at the Ford Foundation and the Aspen Institute, shares the inspiring story of the cooperation between former enemies, across multiple U.S. presidential administrations.
- The Rohingya Crisis in Bangladesh, with BRAC's Muhammad Musa
Muhammad Musa is executive director of BRAC, which is working with the one million Rohingya refugees living in camps in Bangladesh. He describes the problems there, including growing tensions with the host community and the threat of the coming monsoon season, which may bring floods and landslides. He looks forward to the day when the Rohingya can go home to Myanmar, but this can only occur with the help of the international community.
- Carnegie Council Announces Winners of Annual Student Research Conference, May 2018
This year, the Council received 32 applications from 12 universities around the New York City area and East Coast. Out of the 32 applications, nine projects, including one group project, were selected to present at the conference. Two winners were selected: an individual presentation by Patrick Hickey on nutrition and health in Brazil and the group presentation by five West Point cadets on cyber-warfare.
- Poverty Reduction & Social Welfare in China, with Qin Gao
Professor Qin Gao, director of Columbia's China Center for Social Policy, explains the workings of the Chinese "Dibao" (limited income guarantee) system. "Dibao is doing relatively better than many other similar programs in developing countries," says Gao, yet it has limitations and some negative aspects. She also discusses Xi Jinping's ambitious goal to eradicate poverty by 2020, and the benefits of a Universal Basic Income (UBI) system.
- The Living Legacy of WWI: Chemical Weapons from the Great War to Syria, with Zach Dorfman
"What you stopped seeing after World War I was great power conflict involving chemical weapons, and what you started seeing was asymmetric conflicts or regional conflicts that involved chemical weapons. That actually disturbed me even more because what I started realizing was that as time went on the weaker you were, the more likely that another state would use chemical weapons against you or your people."
- The Living Legacy of WWI: The Politics & Medicine of Treating Post-Traumatic Stress, with Tanisha Fazal
Although it has been written about for centuries, post-traumatic stress was not officially recognized as a medical condition until the 1980s. However World War I "was really a turning point in terms of acknowledging and starting to identify and treat what we call today post-traumatic stress," says Tanisha Fazal of the University of Minnesota, whose project on treating PTS will make the connection between World War I and current times.
- The Origins of Happiness, with Richard Layard
Today we can accurately measure happiness and we know much more about its causes, says Professor Layard. It turns out that getting richer is often not enough for real happiness. So now, instead of just looking at GDP, many policymakers around the world are focusing on how to raise the level of people's satisfaction with their lives, including their mental and physical health, for example.
- Gandhi's Satyagraha & Social Change, with Sujata Gadkar-Wilcox
Satyagraha, one of Gandhi's most influential teachings, stresses "passive resistance" in the face of injustice. Qunnipiac's Gadkar-Wilcox saw a powerful example of this in regards to a debate in India over sanitary napkins and she also sees it as Florida high school students push legislators for stricter gun control. Why is this tactic or "disposition" so effective?
- It's Better than It Looks: Reasons for Optimism in an Age of Fear, with Gregg Easterbrook
Today, many feel paralyzed by the constant stream of bad news. Yet as Gregg Easterbrook shows, statistics on crime, poverty, and longevity prove that things are actually getting better, both in the United States and most of the world. So why do we see the world in such a negative light? Is it a coincidence that this trend started in 2004, the same year that Facebook was created?