- Josephine Marrocco Wins 2019 Carnegie Council Student Research Conference: Topic, AIDS Crisis in Russia
The winning presentation in this year's Student Research Conference was by Josephine Marrocco of Fordham University in New York. Her presentation "Sex, Drugs and Propaganda: Why AIDS persists in the Russian Federation" examines the use of government propaganda in the context of Russia's AIDS crisis.
- Sex, Drugs, and Propaganda: Why AIDS Persists in the Russian Federation
On May 3, 2019, Josephine Marrocco's presentation on HIV/AIDS in Russia was selected as the winner of the Council's fifth annual Student Research Conference. Afterwards, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart, who organized the conference, conducted this email interview with her about her research.
- Women's Rights are Human Rights: Global Challenges to Reproductive Health
How will the Trump presidency affect women's rights, not only in the U.S. but around the world? Will the Sustainable Development Goals really succeed in improving women's health and reducing gender inequalities? Emotions run high on these issues. How can we find common ground? Don't miss this important discussion.
- The Next Pandemic: On the Front Lines Against Humankind's Gravest Dangers
In over 20 years at the CDC, Dr. Ali Khan battled Ebola, SARS, and other deadly diseases. But, as he reveals in this fascinating talk, what really worries him is the effect that political and social factors can have on fighting these outbreaks. With Zika emerging as the newest threat, what can governments--and individuals--do to be better prepared?
- Measures for Nigeria to Reach the Objective "Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient, and Sustainable" in the Next 15 Years
"I have always seen my dear country as the proverbial elephant up a tree: I do not understand how come it got there, but I sense it's surely going to fall," writes Nigerian student Agbeyo Temitope. Nevertheless, he believes the Sustainable Development Goals are achievable in Nigeria. His first concerns are eliminating terrorism and disease.
- Ebola and Other Viral Outbreaks: Providing Health Care to the Global Poor in Times of Crisis
Why were initial responses to the Ebola outbreak so disastrously inadequate? How can dysfunctional health systems--at all levels--be improved, so that this doesn't happen again? Dr. Klitzman of Columbia University and Dr. Karunakara, former international president of MSF, discuss these issues and more, including why doctors treating Ebola should not be called heroes.
- Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Fire in the Blood"
With the tagline "Medicine, Monopoly, Malice," this powerful documentary tells how Western drug companies fought to keep discounted AIDS medications from reaching HIV-positive citizens of the developing world.
- The Intersection of Global Health and Business
How can global health be improved? PepsiCo executive Derek Yach speaks about the positive changes corporations are making, and Professor Yanzhong Huang discusses China's health care challenges.
- Global Ethics Corner: HIV Prevention and Behavior Change in Africa: Are Western-Imported Methods Working?
Are Western-imported methods for fighting HIV/AIDS working in Sub-Saharan Africa? Some critics argue that campaigns more aligned with traditional African values could be more effective in fighting the disease than Western campaigns focused on abstinence and safe sex.
- UN Population Fund Report
Now that the population has reached seven billion, most of the focus is on the numbers. In this report, however, Crossette explores individual stories around the world to shed light on such issues as aging populations, migration, and the desire of women for family planning.
- Reflections from Moscow
After a recent visit to Moscow, David Speedie casts a sympathetic eye on Russia's contradictions and societal stresses--with particular focus on its heroin and HIV/AIDS crisis. Russia now has the third-highest heroin abuse rate per capita in the world, behind only Afghanistan and Iran.
- Ethics in Business: Interview with Karl Hofmann on Private Sector Tools in Promoting Global Health
"We strongly believe that markets can be made to work for the poor in ways that far surpass the ability of the public sector and other interventions to really have the impact that we need at scale," says PSI President Karl Hoffman.
- Interview with Susan Aryeetey on Women in Ghana
Susan Aryeetey discusses her work empowering women in Ghana. She has a background in journalism and communications, and has spent the last eight years at Ghana's International Federation of Women Lawyers, or FIDA.
- Common Health Policy Interests and the Shaping of Global Pharmaceutical Policies [Abstract]
The division of interests in key health policy areas are not necessarily between rich and poor countries, but between pharmaceutical industry interests and health policy interests on the one hand, and national industrial and trade policy interests and public health policies on the other.
- More Money, Less Cure: Why Global Health Assistance Needs Restructuring [Full Text]
Is more money for global health always good news? No, argues Esser, who suggests that many of the problems that plague decision-making in global health assistance lie not in the global South but in the North, where the monetary flows originate and where most policies are conceived.
- Michael Selgelid on Infectious Diseases
Can we infringe individual rights to promote public health? Should, say, people be allowed to decide for themselves when they are too infectious to get on a plane?
- Fiona Robinson on the Ethics of Care
Care is not only a moral issue, but also a feminist one, says Robinson, noting that two-thirds of care around the world is done by women, for little or no pay. She also discusses the evolving concept of human security.
- The United Nations and Gender: Has Anything Gone Right?
The UN's record on women's issues has been abysmal, declares Stephen Lewis, particularly in dealing with HIV/AIDS. In order to give 52 percent of the world's population the representation they deserve, it's time to create a special UN Women's Agency.
- Health as a Human Right: Rights, Roles, and Responsibilities
The international community has begun to consider the "highest attainable standard of health" as a fundamental component of the human rights agenda, alongside related issues of poverty and adequate access to water and sanitation.
- The Politics of PEPFAR: The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief [Full Text]
In his January 2003 State of the Union Address, President Bush called for the U.S to commit $15 billion over five years to address the international HIV/AIDS epidemic. For several reasons, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) caught many people by surprise. The surprise quickly was followed by excitement, tempered by skepticism.