- Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist
From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
- Beyond Paris: The Refugee Crisis in Europe
"Closing borders in the West will not only worsen the already unimaginable human rights disaster that asylum seekers are facing, but it will also add fuel to the Eurosceptics' fire as they work to destabilize the European Union. And this is all compounded by the fact that closing borders doesn't work."
- Blueprint for Revolution: How to Use Rice Pudding, Lego Men, and Other Nonviolent Techniques to Galvanize Communities, Overthrow Dictators, or Simply Change the World
In the late 1990s, using humor, irony, and imagination, Popovic and his friends toppled Serbian dictator Milošević. They went on to found CANVAS, which now advises activists in more than 15 countries. Popovic explains that nonviolent struggle is a teachable skill, and that nonviolence is not only the most ethical, but the most successful path to revolution.
- The Eleventh Hour: The Legacy and the Lessons of World War I
One hundred years after the First World War, boundaries established after the armistice at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" still shape many of today's conflicts, from ISIS's invasion of Mosul to Boko Haram's kidnapping of schoolgirls. What lessons have we learned from WWI? Just as important, what have we still not learned?
- War and Reconciliation in the Twentieth-Century Balkans
What are the remedies for the endless cycles of violence in the Balkans? Croatian historian Ivo Banac examines various solutions that have been tried and found wanting, to some extent, and concludes with another possibility.
- Sarajevo Panel Discussion
In this wide-ranging conversation, participants from the Sarajevo Symposium discuss the past, present, and future of the former Yugoslav states with a focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina. How can private citizens and governments work together to build a more pluralistic society?
- Sarajevo: Perspectives from a Carnegie New Leader
Conor Moran, a member of the Carnegie Council Centennial delegation, shares some complex thoughts on the city of Sarajevo and the nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 years after World War I and 20 years after the Yugoslav Wars. How can this part of the world move on from its troubled history?
- Helpless Bosnia and Its Women, 20 Years After Ethnic War
Carnegie Council Trustee Barbara Crossette looks at courageous women who have gone from victims of the Bosnian War (1992-1995) to heroines. Yet many foresee a potential worsening of Bosnia's political situation, a bleak prospect all Bosnians, especially Bosnia's women.
- Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War
We should break free of the cliché that World War I was futile, argues Max Hastings. "Germany in 1914, as ruled by the Kaiser and his generals and ministers, represented a malign force whose triumph had to be frustrated."
- Dictator Month Kickoff: Laughtivism—How Humor is Transforming Non-Violent Struggle
Carnegie Council Grants Manager Mladen Joksic's co-authored piece launched Movements.org's dictator appreciation month. An earlier version appeared in "Foreign Policy," titled "Why Dictators Don't Like Jokes."
- Why Dictators Don't Like Jokes
Pro-democracy activists around the world are discovering that humor is one of the most powerful weapons in the fight against authoritarianism.
- Why Dictators Don’t Like Jokes
Grant Manager Mladen Joksic's co-authored piece "Why Dictators Don't Like Jokes" was featured in "Foreign Policy" magazine. The article was picked up by "Slate," "The Sydney Morning Herald," Heraldonline, and iPolitics, and was translated into Vietnamese, Portuguese, and Serbian for various publications.
- Thought Leader: Srdja Popovic
"There are two kinds of countries in this world, the good ones and the bad ones. The good ones I count as the countries where the governments are afraid of their people. The bad ones I count as the countries where people are afraid of their governments."
- Ethics Matter: Srdja Popovic on Creating Successful Nonviolent Movements
Successful nonviolent movements need three things: the cool factor, memorable branding, and humor, says Popovic. He cofounded the Serbian youth movement Otpor!, which played a major role in toppling Milosevic, and his work training activists in Egypt and Tunisia is widely credited for inspiring Arab Spring protesters.
- The Ethics of a Justice Imposed: Ratko Mladic's Arrest and the Costs of Conditionality
For Serbians, material incentives, not a moral imperative, are the main motivation for compliance with the International Criminal Tribunal. Thus Serbia has succeeded in aspects of criminal justice, but has failed to partake in transitional justice--and Mladic's arrest does not change this.
- From Resistance to Revolution and Back Again: What Egyptian Youth Can Learn From Otpor When Its Activists Leave Tahrir Square
Joksic and Spoerri discuss Otpor, the Serbian youth movement that influenced Egypt's youths. In analyzing the sources of Otpor's ultimate collapse after Milosevic's fall, they provide lessons for current and future youth movements throughout the Middle East.
- Global Ethics Corner: The EU and Serbia
Would Serbian admission to the EU prevent another Balkan War? Is promoting Serbian democracy more important than securing justice for 1990s genocides? In pursuing war criminals, is the carrot of EU admission more effective than the stick of EU exclusion?
- Deterrence, Democracy, and the Pursuit of International Justice [Abstract]
Recent indictments of sitting heads of state and rebel leaders engaged in ongoing conflicts are radically altering our conception of international criminal justice. But contrary to the mantra that justice delayed is justice denied, the most promising way to promote justice may be to postpone it.
- Xenophobia Tests National Legitimacy
The connection between xenophobic sentiments and national identity calls into question the legitimacy of nations in an era of increasing migration and multiculturalism.
- Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present
Should civil resistance be seen as potentially replacing violence completely, or as a phenomenon that operates in conjunction with, and as a modification of, power politics?