- Foreign Fighters, Homegrown Terrorism, and the Prevention of Violent Extremism
What are the driving forces behind the increase in homegrown terrorism and what can be done to stop it? Ali Soufan and Seamus Hughes, veterans in preventing violent extremism, explain the complexities and challenges of this global threat.
- Let's Be Realistic About the "Military Option" Against Iran
Three dozen retired generals and admirals recently signed a letter supporting the agreement with Iran and declaring it a better option than military action. Why? Because they know that the benefits of such a campaign are doubtful while the costs are certain, says Gulf War veteran Col. Tom Davis, who cogently lays out the pitfalls of using force.
- Iraqi Unity & the Fight Against ISIL with U.S. Army Veteran Asha Castleberry
"The most important thing right now is that the Iraqis have to defeat ISIL, and in order to do that, they have to achieve national unity," says Castleberry, who recently returned from the Middle East. She also discusses the roles of Egypt, Jordan, and the Gulf Cooperation Council in this important and complex mission.
- Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings
It's tempting to see today's Middle East conflicts as the continuation of centuries-old sectarian divisions, but Frederick Wehrey cautions against it. "Sectarianism is really a local institutional governance phenomenon that needs to be addressed through political reform in the Gulf, through ending discrimination, through greater participation in governance."
- Innovating Sovereign Wealth Funds
As we struggle to tackle financial and ecological sustainability, sovereign wealth funds such as in Alaska deserve far greater attention for positive adoption.
- How Wars End: Why We Always Fight the Last Battle
Pax Americana is a good thing, declares Gideon Rose. The problem is that even when the U.S. wins militarily, it often botches dealing with war's aftermath because it fails to define its political objectives.
- Book Review: "The End of the Free Market" by Ian Bremmer
State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.
- The Media Relations Department of Hizbollah Wishes You a Happy Birthday: Unexpected Encounters in the Changing Middle East
Despite all the bloodshed in its recent history, the Middle East is still a place of warmth, humanity, and generous eccentricity. Within the turmoil there are those still pioneering political and social change. Will they continue wrestling with their region's future--on their own terms?
- Spring 2009 Poetry Contest Winners
Policy Innovations is pleased to announce the winners of its Spring 2009 Poetry Contest. The following five submissions, each from a different city, represent the inspiration we had hoped to spark with this contest. Thank you to all who participated!
- A Choice of Enemies: America Confronts the Middle East
Looking back over the last 30 years, historian Sir Lawrence Freedman analyzes the complex politics of the Middle East and shows how America's policy choices in previous crises have led to the current dilemmas
- Reconciling Internal Rights and External Wrongs: The Force of Arms and Ideas in War (Case Study #13)
This case study confronts the question of "American purpose" in light of the Gulf War. Will the U.S. continue to be the world's policeman, and how will it determine what is a violation of its interests and what is not?
- The Kuwait Crisis: Sanctions, Negotiations, and the Decision to Go to War (Case Study #14)
In this first major challenge to the post-Cold War visions of a "New World Order," the U.S. task was to balance the allure of traditional military force and great power diplomacy with attempts to define the concept of common security.