- The United Nations at 75: Looking Back to Look Forward, Episode 1, with David M. Malone
In the first episode of this new podcast series marking the 75th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations, host Margaret Karns, professor emerita at the University of Dayton, speaks with David M. Malone, rector of United Nations University, about the Security Council, the Sustainable Development Goals, peacekeeping, and more. How can the UN continue to evolve along with the changing nature of international relations?
- The Ethics of Non-Cooperation: COVID Vaccine Questions
The search for a COVID-19 vaccine is another example of how the pandemic has increased competition among nations, writes Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev. Will the Trump administration proceed with its "transactional mindset" if the U.S. is the first to develop a vaccine? Will China and Canada be able to work together despite ideological differences?
- Human Security is National Security: After the Event
U.S. Naval War College's Professor Derek S. Reveron took part in a Carnegie Council webinar on human security and national security, moderated by Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev. This post follows up on some queries that were posed during the discussion.
- TIGRE: The Missing Link? Operationalizing the Democratic Community Narrative
Does the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as renewed concerns about overdependence on China, create an opening for the United States to move forward on decoupling from autocracies and reorienting both security and economic ties to allies who share similar values? Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev shares his thoughts.
- AI in the Arctic: Future Opportunities & Ethical Concerns, with Fritz Allhoff
How can artificial intelligence improve food security, medicine, and infrastructure in Arctic communities? What are some logistical, ethical, and governance challenges? Western Michigan's Professor Fritz Allhoff details the future of technology in this extreme environment, which is being made more accessible because of climate change. Plus he shares his thoughts on some open philosophical questions surrounding AI.
- The Model International Mobility Convention, with Michael Doyle
In this timely talk, SIPA's Professor Michael Doyle details the Model International Mobility Convention, a "hypothetical ideal convention" developed to define a "comprehensive and coherent" set of regulations for the movement of people across borders. Why was it so important to account for tourists alongside refugees and migrant workers? How does this document represent a "realistic utopia"?
- Ethics in Business: In Their Own Words, with IFAC's Kevin Dancey
Kevin Dancey, CEO at the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), speaks about the role of ethics in accounting. He discusses his organization's diversity, how accounting can help to solve environmental issues, and how technology is changing his industry.
- China's Political Influence on Democracies, with Sarah Cook & Isaac Stone Fish
China is radically expanding its strategy to wield influence in the domestic politics of other countries. This information campaign is designed partly to bolster China's power but also to undermine the space for rights and democracy in other states, and to potentially support pro-China authoritarian leaders. Don't miss this in-depth discussion that details how this is happening worldwide, what it means for the future, and what we can do about it.
- Human Rights, Liberalism, & Ordinary Virtues, with Michael Ignatieff
Central European University's President Michael Ignatieff is a human rights scholar, an educator, a former politician, and, as he tells us, the son of a refugee. He discusses what he calls "the ordinary virtues," such as patience and tolerance; the status of human rights today and the dilemmas of migration; the essential critera for true democracy; and the ideal curriculum. His advice to students: Learn to think for yourself.
- Toward a Human-Centric Approach to Cybersecurity, with Ronald Deibert
Discussions around cybersecurity often focus on the security and sovereignty of states, not individuals, says Professor Ronald Deibert, founder and director of University of Toronto's Citizen Lab. If you start from a "human-centric perspective," it could lead to policies focusing on peace, prosperity, and human rights. How can we work toward this approach?
- Restoring Trust: How Can the American Public Regain its Confidence in its National Security Apparatus?
There is a huge divide in the way Americans assess U.S. foreign policy. Take for example, the June G7 meeting, which ended in a clash between Trump and some of America's closest allies: Some say it was a disaster; others say Trump did the right thing. Where do we go from here to restore trust in expertise and government? Don't miss this fascinating conversation with two leading commentators, Colin Dueck and Kori Schake.
- Experts, Ethics and the International System
Carnegie Council senior fellow Nikolas Gvosdev highlights how Americans support continued engagement in the world to harness American power for their own prosperity and security, and also to do good in the world. The reality, for many, is that current U.S. foreign policy seems to do neither.
- HATE: Why We Should Resist It with Free Speech, Not Censorship, with Nadine Strossen
Nadine Strossen gives a rousing, detailed, and convincing defense of free speech as it is laid out in the First Amendment. "American law really is nuanced and makes a great deal of common sense," she says and while censorship of 'hate speech' in other countries is certainly well-intended, in practice the laws have proven to do more harm than good.
- Golden Visas, Dreamers, & Ethics in Immigration, with Ayelet Shachar
There is a global surge in "golden visas" for the super-rich, who often have "no connection to the country other than a wire transfer, the ability to press a button, and pass a significant sum of money across borders," says Ayelet Shachar. Countries offering these include the U.S., the UK, and Malta. Yet in the U.S. the "dreamers," who grew up in America, are being denied citizenship. Do we really believe these visas are fair?
- Vanishing Frontiers: The Forces Driving Mexico and the U.S. Together, with Andrew Selee
"Mexico is very present in our daily lives, sometimes even in ways we don't realize," says Andrew Selee. Did you know, for example, that some of America's most famous baked goods, such as Sara Lee, are owned by a Mexican company and made in Pennsylvania? From manufacturing and trade to film, food, and sports, plus the large number of Americans with Mexican heritage, the economies and cultures of Mexico and the U.S. are woven tightly together.
- The Living Legacy of WWI: The Legacy of American Press Censorship in World War I, with Charles Sorrie
The popular memory of WWI today was basically engineered through propaganda and censorship during the war itself, says Charles Sorrie. Those involved in any war need convincing reasons why they are fighting. "There needs to be almost some sort of slogan. The one that was developed at that time, that America was fighting mostly for democracy or for freedom, is one that is still used today in popular history and in popular culture."
- Anti-Pluralism: The Populist Threat to Liberal Democracy, with William A. Galston
Some unpleasant truths for liberals, from William Galston: The rise of anti-pluralist populist movements is caused by a combination of economic factors and migration; we need to take these concerns seriously, instead of feeling morally superior. In the U.S., this will require reintegrating our economy so that small towns and rural areas thrive again; breaking through government gridlock; and purging the "poison" of our immigration policies.
- Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2018 with Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer
Probably the most dangerous geopolitical environment in decades-China, AI, Trump, end of Pax Americana--yes, it's very bad. But all these challenges energize political scientist Ian Bremmer to do his best work! Don't miss this great talk.
- A Climate of Impunity? The Problem of Sexual Abuse by UN Peacekeeping Forces, with Justice Marie Deschamps
Over two years after the release of a report on sexual exploitation and abuse by international peacekeeping forces in the Central African Republic, chaired by Marie Deschamps, has anything changed? Not much, says Deschamps in this shocking interview. The report's recommendations have not been implemented and there is still a "climate of impunity" for abusers, even though the first allegations against UN forces date back to the 1980s.
- The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World
To mark Carnegie Council's Centennial, Michael Ignatieff and team set out to discover what moral values people hold in common across nations. What he found was that while universal human rights may be the language of states and liberal elites, what resonate with most people are "ordinary virtues" practiced on a person-to-person basis, such as tolerance and forgiveness. He concludes that liberals most focus on strengthening these ordinary virtues.