- Thought Leader: Mustafa Ceric
"I would advise my dear intellectuals of this age and time and place to give us some good imagination, especially to the young people."
- The Responsibility to Protect: A New International Norm?
What is Responsibility to Protect exactly? Dutch Ambassador Herman Schaper gives an expert talk on how it developed, how it is defined, how it was implemented in Libya, and what are the implications for the future.
- Ethics Matter: Policymaker and Scholar Anne-Marie Slaughter
Anne-Marie Slaughter on the responsibility to protect: "I believe in a values-based foreign policy and looking to cooperate as often as I can. I also think that's basic self-interest. We don't do well when we go in without the support of other nations."
- All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals
David Scheffer was at the forefront of the efforts leading to criminal tribunals for the Balkans, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia. His quest has been to "to discover the right formula, in ever-changing international circumstances, to confront monstrous evil and to do so in the courtroom."
- The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade
In 2010, global military expenditure was roughly $1.6 trillion--that's $235 for every person on earth. This has profound impacts, from the perpetuation of conflict, to the corrosion of democracy, to massive socioeconomic costs.
- Ian Hurd on International Law and Security
"I would disagree with those who suggest international law doesn't really matter. If we look at what states do, they work very hard to marshal legal resources behind their foreign policy choices. They clearly care very much about being seen as following international law."
- Self-Determination and Conflict Resolution: From Kosovo to Sudan
Drawing on the International Court's judgment on the legality of Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence, Arbour examines the pursuit of self-determination in a range of situations, focusing particular attention on the upcoming referendum in Southern Sudan.
- Kicking Bodies and Damning Souls: The Danger of Harming "Innocent" Individuals While Punishing "Delinquent" States [Abstract]
Institutions can be assigned duties, and thus can also be
blamed for failing to discharge them. But how can we respond to this
type of failure? Punishment is a prominent and problematic response to
- Deterrence, Democracy, and the Pursuit of International Justice [Abstract]
Recent indictments of sitting heads of state and rebel leaders engaged in ongoing conflicts are radically altering our conception of international criminal justice. But contrary to the mantra that justice delayed is justice denied, the most promising way to promote justice may be to postpone it.
- The Politics of Punishing Terrorists [Full Text]
Debates about trying and punishing terrorists reveal how the failure to construct a shared normative consensus in international criminal justice continues to bedevil the international community. The only way to achieve this consensus is to engage in the messy business of politics.
- International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans: Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation [Full Text]
Peskin's analysis focuses on "virtual trials": the battles by ad hoc criminal tribunals to secure state cooperation in the enforcement of international law. Concentrating on this under-explored theme, this book is a major contribution to the literature on transitional justice.
- The Uses of History: Reflections on the Fall of Yugoslavia
Distinguished sociologist Kai Erikson described his many journeys to the town of Pakrac, in the former Yugoslavia, beginning during the war in 1992, and the interviews he conducted with current and former residents of the town.
- Aid to the Former Yugoslavia
This report on the Balkans Forum held on Capitol Hill by the Carnegie Council's Conflict Prevention Program includes annotated links to primary source information, special reports, thought-provoking online articles, online debates, and video/audio features on the ethical issues surrounding the question of aid to Serbia and the punishment of Milosevic.
- The Yugoslav Elections: Predicted Scenarios and the U.S. Response
Balkans forum participants discuss Kostunica's surprise victory and the next steps towards democratic consolidation in Serbia.
- U.S. Policy in the Balkans: Priorities for a New Administration
For the last ten years the succession of crises in the Balkans has challenged the international community to devise a long-term policy aimed at resolving and preventing conflict in the region. At the inaugural meeting of the Council's Balkans Forum, keynote speaker Warren Zimmermann exhorted the United States and its European allies to meet that challenge over the coming decade.
- Botching the Balkans: Germany's Recognition of Slovenia and Croatia [Abstract]
The Kohl government sought a policy on the Balkan crisis that would both appeal to the self-conscious pacifist-internationalist strain in German public opinion and avoid direct German and European responsibility for the largely unknown consequences of that policy.
- An Emergency Response System for the International Community: Commentary on The Politics of Rescue [Abstract]
In his response to "The Politics of Rescue," Winston argues that the real dilemma facing the international system is not a question of what form intervention will take, but rather a question of the existence of political will to act on the humanitarian impulse.
- When is it Right to Rescue? A Response to Pasic and Weiss [Abstract]
Arguing that humanitarian agencies cannot always actively pursue political agendas, Mapel argues that in deciding whether there is an obligation to intervene, the nature of the conflict, the costs and risks of intervention, and other factors must all be taken into consideration.
- The Politics of Rescue: Yugoslavia's Wars and the Humanitarian Impulse [Abstract]
Asserting that humanitarian intervention is a highly ambiguous principle, Pasic and Weiss warn of the dangers of politically driven rescues that often force trade-offs between the pursuit of rescue and political order.
- Holding Humanitarianism Hostage: The Politics of Rescue [Abstract]
Destexhe expands upon the discussion begun in " The Politics of Rescue," stating that the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, in choosing a humanitarian route rather than a political one, further enabled ethnic cleansing and prolonged the conflict in the Balkans.