Toward Understanding Our World's Moral Landscape: Carnegie Council's Centennial Projects on a "Global Ethic" | 08/04/14 As part of its Centennial activities, Carnegie Council launched several projects, including the Global Ethical Dialogues and Thought Leaders Forum, to explore the concept of a "global ethic." Senior Fellow Devin Stewart writes on the highlights from these two projects, including what leading thinkers believe to be the greatest ethical challenges.
How Do You Define Global Ethics? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Jonathan Haidt, Rachel Kleinfeld, Iam Bremmer, Carne Ross, Andrew Nathan, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Michael Walzer, Gillian Tett, and Brent Scowcroft describe their visions of a global ethic. DISCUSS >>
What Are Our Greatest Ethical Challenges? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Ian Bremmer, Carne Ross, Dambisa Moyo, Michael Walzer, Rachel Kleinfeld, Ethan Zuckerman, Kishore Mahbubani, Dan Ariely, Thomas Pogge, and Michael Doyle describe humanity's greatest ethical challenges. DISCUSS >>
What Should Happen this Century? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Dambisa Moyo, Alan Blinder, Kishore Mahbubani, Ethan Zuckerman, Fazle Hasan Abed, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Louise Arbour, Peter Morales, and Jonathan Sacks describe what they would like to see happen in the next 100 years. DISCUSS >>
Is World Peace Possible? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Michael Walzer, Bineta Diop, Rebecca MacKinnon, Thomas Pogge, Gillian Tett, Ethan Zuckerman, Carne Ross, Jay Winter, Peter Morales, Kishore Mahbubani, and Nancy Birdsall answer whether world peace is possible. DISCUSS >>
What Does Moral Leadership Mean? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Gillian Tett, Robert Kaplan, Bineta Diop, Carne Ross, Rachel Kleinfeld, Jay Winter, Jessica Jackley, Lawrence Freedman, and Somaly Mam describe what moral leadership means to them. DISCUSS >>
Who Is Ultimately Accountable? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Ethan Zuckerman, Carne Ross, Chan Heng Chee, Thomas Pogge, Jonathan Sacks, Rachel Kleinfeld, Enrique Penalosa, Brent Scowcroft, and Ian Bremmer describe who is ultimately accountable for the problems of the world. DISCUSS >>
What Is Morally Distinct About Our Era? | 01/01/14 Thought Leaders Michael Walzer, Jonathan Haidt, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Mary Robinson, Jonathan Sacks, Ian Bremmer, Joseph Nye, Kishore Mahbubani, Rebecca MacKinnon, Ethan Zuckerman, Louise Arbour, Andrew Nathan, Robert Kaplan, Brent Scowcroft, and Enrique Penalosa describe what's morally distinct today. DISCUSS >>
Thought Leader: Chan Heng Chee | 11/19/13 "I would like to see a global ethic emerging and accepted by all the communities in the world on women. We have declared long ago that women are equal. We recognize the equality of women. But not many countries really practice that."
Thought Leader: Fazle Hasan Abed | 11/11/13 Fazle Hasan Abed is the founder of BRAC, the world's largest non-governmental development organization, measured by the number of employees and the number of people it has helped. He discusses what he sees as the greatest challenges facing us today: poverty, gender equality, and curbing consumption in order to save the planet.
Thought Leader: Lawrence Freedman | 10/11/13 "There are values that those of us from Western liberal societies hold dear and believe should be universal. But they're not. And that produces the challenges. If they were, then things would be a lot easier."
Thought Leader: Joseph Nye | 08/21/13 "It's worth remembering that in the Cold War, the Berlin Wall fell, not under a barrage of artillery, but under hammers and bulldozers wielded by those whose minds had been changed by the ideas that constitute soft power."
Thought Leader: Brent Scowcroft | 08/07/13 Retired U.S. Air Force lieutenant general Brent Scowcroft discusses the shift away from compromise in the U.S. political system.
Thought Leader: David Cannadine | 07/31/13 "So I suppose, looking forward, what I would hope to see is a greater awareness of the richness of individual identities and less attention given to single, simple, distorted, misleading collective identities."
Thought Leader David Cannadine on International Institutions | 07/31/13 “It may well be that one of the issues that we face now is that those international organizations created in the late 1940s and early 1950s have kind of run their course and that what is most urgent at the moment is to create a new set of international organizations that are fit for the purposes of dealing with the problems that we now face.”
Thought Leader: Rowan Williams | 07/30/13 "The heart of a global ethic for our time, or a convergent point of global ethical systems, is that twofold sense of recognizing one another's dignity and sharing our resources in justice. That is one of the areas where the religious traditions of the world have a very significant role to play, since they all in their different ways have a strong sense of how human dignity is to be understood and a strong commitment to justice."
Thought Leader: Louise Arbour | 07/24/13 Louise Arbour--former United Nations high commissioner for human rights, and current CEO and president of the International Crisis Group—points out that although she believes human rights to be universal, protecting them still remains a challenge.
Humanity's Four Challenges | 07/18/13 The piece "Humanity's Four Challenges," by Grand Mufti Mustafa Ceric of Bosnia-Herzegovina, was featured in the "Huffington Post." This was co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders series.
Thought Leader: Mary Robinson | 07/17/13 "What strikes me about the world today is that it's a world of 7 billion people who are more connected than ever before, and yet the divides are huge. We see growing inequality both within countries and between countries. I'm not sure that we can continue like this and be socially cohesive."
Capitalism as Our Greatest Hope | 07/16/13 "What I'm hoping is that we as Americans, and people in other countries, too, can think more clearly about capitalism as the engine of growth that lifts people out of poverty," writes social psychologist Jonathan Haidt in this "Huffington Post" article. This series is co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders Forum.
Thought Leader: Bineta Diop | 07/10/13 "For me the first priority is education as part of the opening of people's minds and changing the mindsets. It is giving people access to knowledge. It has to go everywhere."
The New Global Ethic | 07/06/13 "The nation-state is in many ways becoming an antique, because the conditions of humanity have changed," argues Kishore Mahbubani, National University of Singapore. This was co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders series.
Thought Leader: Jonathan Sacks | 07/03/13 "Every single human being, regardless of color, class, or creed, is of infinite worth. That's how I judge everything."
Thought Leader Jonathan Sacks on the World’s Greatest Ethical Challenges | 07/03/13 "The whole moral equation has become incredibly difficult, whether in terms of space or in terms of time. The moral community is now spread out across the world. Consequences are now long-term and not short-term. All in all, we have not yet evolved moralities that can really solve these problems."
Thought Leader: Nancy Birdsall | 06/26/13 “There's something about equality of access to the courts, to police protection, to dignity in your community life, to participation—some of the things that Amartya Sen talked about years ago—that is at the heart of the challenge.”
Thought Leader: Jay Winter | 06/20/13 "One of the things I've seen over my lifetime is a move away from war and from the place of the military in political life. This to me is astonishing and unpredictable."
Thought Leader Jay Winter on Religion, Migration, & Human Rights | 06/20/13 “I think human rights come before anything else, and certainly come before the sovereignty of a nation-state. My view is that, both in Europe and in North America, human rights cannot exist with a regime of close control on migrant communities.”
Thought Leader: Andrew Nathan | 06/13/13 "Each of us can do a little bit, and we have to pick a piece where we feel an interest and think we have a comparative advantage and try to work on that piece."
Thought Leader: Tariq Ramadan | 06/06/13 "The main, essential message of Islam is 'salaam.' It's peace, intimate peace; peace with the universe, with nature, and peace with human beings."
Thought Leader: Peter Morales | 05/30/13 “I want to see a moral and spiritual awakening, and I think it absolutely has to be interfaith. That's a real frontier, moral and spiritual frontier, for humanity.”
Thought Leader: Alan S. Blinder | 05/22/13 "We still view ourselves as the land of opportunity, which, in a sense we are. But the opportunities are not trickling down to the bottom the way they used to."
Thought Leader: Tomas Sedlacek | 05/15/13 "To use the New Testament sort of logic, who is my neighbor? Today that extends not only to your family or your literal neighbors. We know much more about the situations of poor people in China or India or Africa, and so the scope of ethical responsibility today has grown to some global measures."
Three Salient Cultural Disagreements | 05/14/13 "Huffington Post" featured China scholar Andrew Nathan's piece, "Three Salient Cultural Disagreements." This series is co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders Forum.
Cosmopolitanism and Difference | 05/14/13 Philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah's piece, "Cosmopolitanism and Difference," was featured in the "Huffington Post." This was co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders series.
Thought Leader: Jessica Jackley | 05/08/13 "My wish for every human being would be that, out of a sense of gratitude for what they do in their own lives, out of a sense of a desire to be connected to other people in the world, whether it's online or in some other way, they reach out; they reach out beyond themselves."
Thought Leader: Rachel Kleinfeld | 05/02/13 "We're in an age where every person can have access to global information. If they have access to a cell phone, which most of the world now has access to, they can be a voice for awareness, for ethicality within their community and across the globe."
Is World Peace Possible? Answers to This and other Big Questions from 50 Thought Leaders around the World | 05/02/13 As part of its 2014 Centennial project, Carnegie Council is asking Thought Leaders around the world to answer big moral questions. We just reached the symbolic milestone of 50 interviews, and there will be many more to come.
Thought Leader: Dan Ariely | 04/24/13 "When I think about global morality, the good news is that we're all very similar. The bad news is that, domain-by-domain-specific, we can actually get very bad lessons from society around us about what is acceptable and not acceptable."
Thought Leader: Robert D. Kaplan | 04/18/13 "Will China, after a few unsteady years, resume its growth, leading to China becoming a power on the scale of the United States? Will China come apart? Will it decompose into regions?"
Thought Leader: E. O. Wilson | 04/11/13 "A global ethic, which is absolutely necessary to meet the destructive forces that our intellectual and technological powers have given us to meet and solve the big problems that are promoted by it, depends upon a much more thorough knowledge of what we are."
Thought Leader Srdja Popovic on Leaders and Nonviolent Movements | 04/05/13 "The good news is that you need a little bit of talent to be a leader, but, like in music, like when you are playing a violin, the talent is only part of the deal. You can train people in leadership skills, and leadership skills are transferable."
Thought Leader: Srdja Popovic | 04/05/13 "There are two kinds of countries in this world, the good ones and the bad ones. The good ones I count as the countries where the governments are afraid of their people. The bad ones I count as the countries where people are afraid of their governments."
Thought Leader: Ethan Zuckerman | 04/03/13 "If you start distributing your human rights videos on YouTube, it's really hard for the government to suddenly say, 'We're going to shut down YouTube. We want nothing to do with all of that.' And if they do, they reveal themselves as censors."
Thought Leader: Thomas Pogge | 03/27/13 Yale's Thomas Pogge describes the Health Impact Fund, which creates incentives for the pharmaceutical industry to develop new drugs and then keep prices down so poor people can afford them.
Thought Leader: Hans Küng | 03/19/13 World peace may never be achieved, but the EU shows that peace is possible if everybody cooperates. I insist on the importance of religions: No peace among nations without peace between religions. No peace between religions without a dialogue between religions. No dialogue between religions without shared ethical values and standards.
Thought Leader: Michael Doyle | 03/13/13 "What has changed in the modern world is that we can now see our fellow members of the common human moral universe and we cannot be so blind. We can see the suffering. That's a big change that has taken place in the past couple of centuries."
Thought Leader: Gillian Tett | 03/06/13 "On the most basic level, a global ethic should be a recognition that we simply cannot afford to ignore our neighbors, even if they don't appear to immediately have much connectivity to us."
Thought Leader: Hawa Abdi | 03/05/13 "We are the same people in this world on the same planet, so we have to respect each other, we have to love each other. We have to throw out hate."
Thought Leader: Rebecca MacKinnon | 02/27/13 "I think there's tremendous potential in the technology, but we have to use it responsibly. We need to figure out how we create the right structures that empower and maximize the good and constrain the evil."
Thought Leader: Kishore Mahbubani | 02/22/13 "By 2030, probably more than half the world’s population is going to enjoy middle class living standards. That, in moral and ethical terms, is a remarkably positive development, because the capacity of people to escape the imprisonment of poverty is going to grow dramatically in the next few decades."
Thought Leader: Somaly Mam | 02/15/13 "When the people say, "Somaly, what you do is bad," I always see my good, my peace, a reality. When I see the girls that have been saved when they were six years old, and right now they are in law school and they get married--then I have done a great thing, and I have my peace in my mind."
Thought Leader: Richard Lugar | 02/13/13 "I do approach it in a positive way, that we ought to be thinking about nutrition for every human being, keeping people alive so they have a chance to learn and to be productive."
Thought Leader: Luis Moreno-Ocampo | 02/07/13 "The new world, the 21st century is about global communication and global citizenship. I see this particularly in the young people."
Thought Leader Jonathan Haidt on the Importance of Accountability | 02/06/13 "When we know that we’ll be held accountable, when we know that we’ll be reviewed, we tend to be very careful; we’re on our best behavior. When we’re not, we tend to be lazy, sloppy, and often selfish."
Thought Leader: Jonathan Haidt | 02/06/13 "My general view is that left and right are like yin and yang. I think it's great to have one side that's calling attention to global issues and one side that's wary of the solutions."
Michael Walzer: Who is Responsible for the World's Ethical Challenges? | 02/01/13 "The greatest responsibilities fall on the people with the most power to act. But if we live in democracies, then we are the people who choose the people with the most power to act."
Thought Leader: Michael Walzer | 01/23/13 "Where is the political space within which you can organize and mobilize for greater equality across the globe? That's a question I don't have an answer to, but I think it is a central question for those of us who set a high value on human equality."
A World Without a Moral Guidepost? | 01/17/13 Political scientist Ian Bremmer's piece, "A World Without a Moral Guidepost," was featured in the "Huffington Post." This series is co-produced by Carnegie Council as part of our Centennial Thought Leaders Forum.
Thought Leader: Enrique Penalosa | 01/16/13 "The wealthy have a responsibility to have a certain degree of austerity, to show that they are admired and respected, not because they have material wealth, but because of their contribution to society."
Thought Leader: Ahmed Rashid | 01/09/13 "Violence is linked to a continued intolerance of minorities. In many countries in many parts of the world, this is something we inherited from the 20th century."
Thought Leader: Steve Coll | 12/19/12 "I do believe there is a global ethic. It has to do with the dignity of individuals, the right to security and liberty, both. I do believe that the human condition in its social setting is universal enough to give rise to global rights and global ethics."
Thought Leader: Pankaj Ghemawat | 12/13/12 "What I have in mind with rooted cosmopolitanism and distance sensitivity is something that's much, much more practical and to my mind achievable."
Thought Leader: Mary Ellen Iskenderian | 11/28/12 "I'm a huge believer in role models. I think that pretty much any woman who gets up and puts herself out there, whether she wants to be or not, is a role model."
Thought Leader: Carne Ross | 11/14/12 "At the heart of this form of anarchist theory, which is what this is, is a belief that true self-determination, self-realization of the self, can only be fulfilled without authority."
Thought Leader: Dambisa Moyo | 11/13/12 "Moral leadership to me is about selflessness. But in a world of personal aggrandizement and short-term-ism, I do fear that we'll see less moral leadership and perhaps more of what we don't want."
Thought Leader: Kwame Anthony Appiah | 11/07/12 "The more our societies are in conversation, the more likely it is, when it comes to having to make the hard decisions that are involved in discussions where you have to settle something, the more likely we are to be able to do it."
Thought Leader: Juan Somavia | 10/23/12 "We may have globalization, we have more interconnectedness, lots of things are happening, more trade. But what's the moral compass? You have the feeling that the compass is 'If you can get away with it, it's all right. If you are not found out, okay.'"
Thought Leader: Anne-Marie Slaughter | 10/03/12 "There are things we can't do, even with all the power of the United States. But then we shouldn't hide from it. We shouldn't turn away and pretend that something else is happening."
Thought Leader: David Shinn | 09/05/12 "What is important is to keep the global ethics debate alive in as many arenas as possible so that an increasing circle of individuals and opinion leaders can increase their common agreement."
Thought Leader: Syd Mead | 09/05/12 "Morality is character. It's the ability to analyze and see how you fit into the overall social hierarchy. So the morality to me is just a sort of sensitivity to what is essentially fair."
Thought Leader: Victor Cha | 09/05/12 "Technology creates all this open space that needs to be filled. And if you leave space to be filled, people fill it by saying things that don't make a whole lot of sense and so there's less accountability in today's day and age and less care is put into what is said publicly."
Thought Leader: Ian Bremmer | 09/05/12 "When we talk about international affairs, you can be as 'Realpolitik' as you want, but you're talking about people, you're not talking about assets. You're talking about living, feeling, breathing beings."
Thought Leader: Emily Lau | 09/05/12 "I hope that world leaders will really sit down and think about the circumstances of those people who have been suffering for many years. Why can't we all try to sort it out and give them something better to look forward to?"
Thought Leader: Parag Khanna | 09/05/12 "The best global governance is local governance. It is not a punch line; it is a rule of thumb."
Thought Leader: Mustafa Ceric | 09/05/12 "I would advise my dear intellectuals of this age and time and place to give us some good imagination, especially to the young people."
Thought Leader: Nobuo Tanaka | 09/05/12 "It is amazing that more than 2 billion people do not have access to electricity. All people equally have a right to have a very healthy and comfortable life. Access to energy, access to electricity, is a very important part of the issue that we have to tackle."