Dambisa Moyo is an international economist who writes on the macroeconomy and global affairs.
Dambisa Moyo on
We are living in one of the most exciting and interesting periods in history in pretty much every aspect of life. Whether it's politics, economics, demographic change, there are significant transformations occurring. The population of the world has skyrocketed. The number one and number two largest economies in the world, the United States and China, have very, very different models of political infrastructure.
My greatest concern right now is our ability to continue to deliver economic growth in a sustainable way. It's about continuing to put a meaningful dent in poverty. Issues around income inequality, concerns about resource constraints and scarcity, and how these things may play out in terms of our ability to continue to deliver economic performance and improvement in people's livelihoods.
Ethics and the idea of global ethics, it sounds appealing on paper, but I can see how it would be very difficult to get people around the table. Many different aspects of life today, issues around economic approaches and political approaches, tend to be very different. The need for political infrastructure, for example, to be a prerequisite for economic growth is something that is debated and not agreed upon, even with all the data and information that we have.
What are the issues that have caused war and moved us away from peace, if you look back at history? I would say that they are broadly twofold. One is commodities, scarcity of resources. Number two is differences in ideological perspective. In identifying these two pillars or sources of conflict, you could argue that we can therefore find a solution that's very permanent and where everyone participates that could actually move us away from conflict and towards an ideal of world peace.
I fear that the political process in many different institutions has been corrupted with different agendas, personalized agendas, being prioritized over the important things that should be a priority for humanity. So moral leadership to me is about selflessness. But in a world of personal aggrandizement and short-term-ism, I do fear that we'll see less moral leadership and perhaps more of what we don't want.