The Ethics and Governance of Geoengineering | 12/12/16 The definition of geoengineering is "large-scale human intervention with the Earth in order to change the climate," says Janos Pasztor, and to manage the world's climate responsibly, we may have to consider deploying it someday. If we do, the most important issue will be governance: How do you decide how far to go? When do you start? When do you stop?
Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle over Islam Is Reshaping the World | 11/04/16 Many liberals hope that Islam will follow the same trajectory as Christianity and the West: a reformation and eventually secularization. But we should beware of assuming that all societies will follow the same path, says Shadi Hamid. Indeed, he has come to the reluctant conclusion that Islam will be resistant to secularization for a long time to come.
Karen Greenberg on Terrorism and "Rogue Justice" | 10/06/16 What attracts young people to terrorism? Targeted killings, indefinite detention, mass surveillance--have Americans allowed too much power to be vested in the presidency? How are different governments grappling with the tension between civil rights and security? Security expert Karen Greenberg discusses these difficult questions.
The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence | 09/26/16 From driverless cars to lethal autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence will soon confront societies with new and complex ethical challenges. What's more, by 2034, 47 percent of U.S. jobs, 69 percent of Chinese jobs, and 75 percent of Indian jobs could all be done by machines. How should societies cope and what role should global governance play?
Time to Wake Up | 06/23/16 "The story of our failure on climate change is a story of our failure to understand the truly manipulative and evil effects of money in politics," declares Senator Whitehouse. "It's being deployed right now. You undo Citizens United and we will have a bill in a month."
The Invention of Russia: The Journey from Gorbachev's Freedom to Putin's War | 06/14/16 When the Soviet Union fell 25 years ago, Gorbachev spoke of "living in a new world" where Russia would no longer interfere in other countries' affairs. What happened? In this riveting talk, Russia expert Arkady Ostrovsky analyzes the powerful role of the media, noting that Putin did an extraordinary thing: "he merged security services with the media."
The Next Pandemic: On the Front Lines Against Humankind's Gravest Dangers | 05/31/16 In over 20 years at the CDC, Dr. Ali Khan battled Ebola, SARS, and other deadly diseases. But, as he reveals in this fascinating talk, what really worries him is the effect that political and social factors can have on fighting these outbreaks. With Zika emerging as the newest threat, what can governments--and individuals--do to be better prepared?
Return to Cold War | 05/26/16 Columbia's Robert Legvold argues that the United States and Russia are, indeed, in a new Cold War with plenty of blame for both sides. And despite its economic and military decline, he says that Russia is still the most important nation when it comes to U.S. foreign policy. Can the two states find a way forward?
A Rage for Order: The Middle East in Turmoil, from Tahrir Square to ISIS | 05/13/16 In this memorable conversation, "New York Times" journalists Robert Worth and Roger Cohen discuss Worth's latest book about the Arab Spring and its aftermath. Was its collapse inevitable? Could/should the U.S. have done more, especially regarding Syria? Despite all, Worth concludes the talk on a hopeful note.
New Paradigms for Refugee Camps and for Humanitarian Aid Itself | 04/22/16 Kilian Kleinschmidt describes how he, together with the refugees themselves, transformed the Zaatari refugee camp from what the media called a "hellhole of humanitarian aid" into a lively living space with shops and even fountains. Indeed, the entire aid paradigm needs to be transformed, says Kleinschmidt, and he offers innovative ways to do it.
The Geopolitics of the Iran Deal: Winners and Losers | 04/12/16 In the short term, one of the biggest winners in the Iran deal is China, and the biggest loser is Saudi Arabia. But 10, 15 years from now, we may see that the deal was a seminal factor in reintegrating Iran into the global political economy and strengthening civil society--making the U.S. and Europe the winners and countries like Russia and Syria the losers.
Refugees on Turkey's Borders: Consequences of Chaos in Syria | 03/31/16 Over 4.8 million Syrians have become refugees, mostly in neighboring countries, and this is not the only displacement crisis around the globe, says Kirişci, an expert in Turkish foreign policy and migration studies. This troubling and informative talk raises both practical and ethical issues, not only for Turkey and its neighbors but for the entire world.
Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism | 03/28/16 ISIS consists of three interlocked threats and is quite different from al-Qaeda, says counterterrorism authority David Kilcullen. To come up with a workable strategy going forward, we have to understand exactly what went wrong in the years since 9/11 and admit that everyone bears part of the blame, from "reckless" Bush to "feckless" Obama.
The Industries of the Future | 03/10/16 Driverless cars, designer babies, crypto currencies, cyber warfare, pervasive "sousveillance" that erodes our privacy, often with our consent--what are the upsides and downsides of this brave new world? Alec Ross, who is neither a utopian nor a dystopian, expertly guides us through it.
A Conversation with Sarah Chayes on Corruption and Global Security | 03/04/16 Around the world from Afghanistan to Nigeria, systemic corruption is fueling instability, declares Sarah Chayes in this electrifying conversation. And the United States and other enablers are part of the problem. "If we don't prioritize corruption more—and that means here as well as there—the world is going to become an increasingly dangerous place."
The Refugee/Migrant Crisis | 03/01/16 The migrant/refugee crisis is a defining moral issue for our generation, declares Peter Sutherland, UN special representative on international migration. And proximity should not define responsibility. It's a global responsibility.
In Europe's Shadow: Two Cold Wars and a Thirty-Year Journey Through Romania and Beyond | 02/11/16 "What is Europe? Where is it going in this current crisis?" The answers are all here, from what Kaplan describes as the redivision of Europe into two Cold War halves over Russia's involvement in Ukraine, to the enduring importance of historical imperial borders, to Europe's urgent need for structural economic reform--and much more.
Winter is Coming: Why Vladimir Putin and the Enemies of the Free World Must be Stopped | 01/15/16 Garry Kasparov is an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin's authoritarianism, but he is equally critical of the United States and its allies for their unwillingness to confront Moscow. In this fascinating discussion, he and journalist Robert Kaiser grapple with complex and difficult questions about Russia and the "free world," and what we mean by a moral foreign policy.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016 | 01/07/16 Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist | 12/21/15 From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
The State of the European Union: Challenges for the Future | 12/09/15 Yes, says former EU Commission president José Manuel Barroso, the European Union is facing extraordinary challenges. But the EU also possesses extraordinary resilience and resources. Unlike many, Barroso is very optimistic about its future.
Perspectives from Inside a Tumultuous Middle East: Syria-Iraq-ISIS-Russia and Iran | 11/23/15 The majority of the Arab World seeks justice, accountability, and democracy, says Beirut-based Rami Khouri. What we are dealing with now is bad governance in the region combined with the terrible consequences of continuous foreign military intervention: American, Russian, European, Iranian, Israeli, and inter-Arab.
Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers | 11/18/15 Master storyteller, researcher, and traveler Simon Winchester takes us on a fascinating voyage through the Pacific, tying it all together with two ethical questions: Should the Americans and the Chinese have a level playing field? And should we respect the ways of the Pacific ancients?
Addressing Root Causes of Unrest in Arab Countries | 11/16/15 What's the best way to create stability in the Middle East and North Africa? Get more young people into the workforce, says Ron Bruder, founder of Education for Employment. EFE programs are all run by locals; training is carefully matched to real job opportunities; and for maximum social impact, EFE trains mainly women.
Beyond Silicon Valley: Elmira Bayrasli on Innovation in Unlikely Places | 11/11/15 Elmira Bayrasli, founder of "Foreign Policy Interrupted" and author of "Beyond Silicon Valley," is all about shattering stereotypes and bringing disregarded groups to the fore, from talented women who must be encouraged to "raise their hands" to the millions of successful entrepreneurs around the world that we never hear about.
Doomed to Succeed: The U.S.-Israel Relationship from Truman to Obama | 10/19/15 Today, America's ties to Israel are so close that when there are differences, they tend to make the news. But it was not always this way. Ambassador Ross deftly lays out the surprising history of the U.S-Israel relationship. He goes on to answer questions on U.S. policies and the current worrying situation across the Middle East.
ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror | 10/09/15 ISIS is often portrayed as a mysterious force that came out of nowhere. It's nothing of the kind. This grim, unforgettable talk gives us the full, terrifying story, from the initial mistakes made in Iraq to the carnage going on now in Syria. (The TV show made from this talk won a Telly award.)
Pope Francis Among the Wolves: The Inside Story of a Revolution | 10/05/15 Francis is the first pope who wasn't born in a village, says Vatican expert Marco Politi, but in a mega-city with many social-economic levels and faiths. "This explains why when he speaks he doesn't speak only to Catholics, not only to Christians. He speaks beyond religious borders. He speaks to men and women as they are in contemporary society."
NATO in the 21st Century: Addressing New and Urgent Challenges | 10/01/15 NATO is now in its third historical phase, says U.S. Ambassador to NATO Douglas Lute in this informative, useful talk. "There is now a sense that NATO faces maybe not just one threat, a newly aggressive, newly assertive Russia, but also concerns from the Southeast with ISIS and potentially from instability in the South across the Mediterranean as well."
Ethical Leadership: A Conversation with Chuck Hagel | 06/23/15 The one constant in Chuck Hagel's varied and pressure-filled career has been ethical leadership. How have his experiences--in war, the boardroom, Congress, and as secretary of defense--shaped his leadership style?
Agenda for the Future: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights | 06/11/15 "Our planet is indivisible. There is no longer such a thing as a small, faraway country. No such thing as an acceptable level of discrimination, against any group." Don't miss this moving speech by UN High Commissioner Al Hussein, which covers all aspects of the universal principles of human rights, including the current refugee crisis.
A Conversation with Ethan Zuckerman on the Ethics of the Internet | 06/10/15 "We have the capacity to get stories from every part of the globe. The question is, what do we want to pay attention to? The crazy thing that has happened over 20 years of the consumer Internet is that we have told the market that we care about people who look like us, act like us, feel like us, and we don't much care about anybody else."
Ethics in U.S. Foreign Policy: Spymaster Jack Devine on the CIA | 05/29/15 "The thing that attracted me to the Agency was a sense of mission," says 32-year CIA veteran Jack Devine. In this discussion he talks candidly about Allende's fall, Iraq, Iran, Edward Snowden, torture, drones, and more. And when asked if he were young would he join today's post-9/11 CIA, he replies without hesitation: "You betcha!"
The UN's Efforts in International Development: Relevant or Not? | 05/19/15 Which development initiatives really work? Drawing on his personal and professional experience, the UN's David Malone notes that experts' projects often fail and there are many paths to growth--take India and China, for example. The trend now is to move away from grand schemes. What's important are each group's social preferences.
Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution | 05/11/15 The Middle East needs a double revolution--not just a political one, but a social/sexual one as well, says fiery, courageous feminist Mona Eltahawy. It's time to destroy the oppressive patriarchy of "the trifecta:" the state, the street, and the home. But Arab women don't need "rescuing." Misogyny exists everywhere in varying degrees. Fight it at your own, local level.
The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe | 05/01/15 When it comes to medical research using human beings, who decides what's right? How do the U.S. institutional review boards work? What does "informed consent" mean when you need a law degree to understand the consent forms? How are clinical trails conducted overseas? Dr. Klitzman explores these troubling and complex ethical concerns.
Defending our Borders vs. Defending our Liberties: ACLU's Anthony D. Romero | 04/29/15 From the NSA and the kill list, to the failure to close Guantanamo and prosecute those who committed torture, Obama's national security policies are not substantively different from those of George W. Bush, laments Romero. He also discusses 9/11, the history of the ACLU, and the troubling privatization of U.S. prisons.
Blueprint for Revolution: How to Use Rice Pudding, Lego Men, and Other Nonviolent Techniques to Galvanize Communities, Overthrow Dictators, or Simply Change the World | 04/27/15 In the late 1990s, using humor, irony, and imagination, Popovic and his friends toppled Serbian dictator Milošević. They went on to found CANVAS, which now advises activists in more than 15 countries. Popovic explains that nonviolent struggle is a teachable skill, and that nonviolence is not only the most ethical, but the most successful path to revolution.
Juan Cole on Europe's Muslims and More | 04/16/15 In this enlightening conversation, Professor Cole, an expert in relations between the Muslim world and the West, gives an on-the-ground perspective on the Iran nuclear talks and the reaction to them in the Arab world, Muslims in Europe, Yemen, ISIS, and much more.
The Paradox of Liberation | 04/13/15 Many of the successful campaigns for national liberation after World War II were based on democratic and secular ideals. Michael Walzer asks: What went wrong? Why have states such as India, Israel, and Algeria been unable to reproduce their political culture beyond one or two generations?
The Kurdish Spring: A New Map of the Middle East | 03/20/15 In this stirring, information-filled talk on the Kurdish people, David Phillips recounts centuries of abuse and repression against the world's "largest stateless people." But he also illuminates the vitality of today's Kurds, who are "pro-Western and secular" and have proven to be America's most capable regional partners in the fight against ISIS.
Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics | 03/02/15 Medical tourism is big business, involving millions of patients who travel abroad to get health care. Some travel to avoid queues and save money. Others seek services that are illegal in their own country, such as abortions and surrogate pregnancies. As Cohen explains, this growing industry opens a Pandora's box of legal and ethical questions.
Ebola and Other Viral Outbreaks: Providing Health Care to the Global Poor in Times of Crisis | 02/18/15 Why were initial responses to the Ebola outbreak so disastrously inadequate? How can dysfunctional health systems--at all levels--be improved, so that this doesn't happen again? Dr. Klitzman of Columbia University and Dr. Karunakara, former international president of MSF, discuss these issues and more, including why doctors treating Ebola should not be called heroes.
A Conversation with Leon Botstein, President of Bard College and Champion of Liberal Arts Education | 02/09/15 In this wide-ranging and entertaining conversation, Leon Botstein discusses Bard's innovative programs to serve the underserved, which include Bard high schools, prison education programs, and international operations; the marginalization of the humanities; and his refreshing and inclusive approach to classical music.
Flashpoints: The Emerging Crisis in Europe | 02/05/15 "Europe has always been a place of conflict and malice and anger and hatred, between classes and between nations. The question now is, can it be contained? I doubt it very much. The period from 1992 to 2008 was an interregnum, and an unnatural one. Europe is returning to itself, and when Europe gets sick, the world gets sick with it."
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015 | 01/15/15 "The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
Money and American Politics: A Conversation with Lawrence Lessig | 12/22/14 On a crusade against the corrupting influence of money in politics, Lawrence Lessig founded a "super PAC" which raised $10 million to support candidates committed to radical reform of campaign financing. Most of them lost, but Lessig is not daunted. He fights on, convinced that the majority of Americans agree with him and that change will come.
A Conversation with Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster | 12/15/14 How can U.S. soldiers be trained to maintain ethical and legal standards in today's complex and often brutal environment? How is the Army preparing for current and future conflicts, in terms of military hardware, technology, and even social media? In this wide-ranging talk, Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster discusses these challenges and more.
America in Retreat: The New Isolationism and the Coming Global Disorder | 12/10/14 America is not in decline, but it's certainly in retreat, says Stephens, and this is a mistake. He argues that the United States is the ultimate guarantor of a relatively decent, stable, liberal world order, governed by a sense of rules and the knowledge, both among its friends and adversaries, that it has the will and the wherewithal to ensure its interests.
Outpost: Life on the Frontlines of American Diplomacy | 12/03/14 Former ambassador Hill has worked on some of the most dangerous and difficult problems in U.S. diplomacy, from the Balkans, to North Korea, to Iraq. In this astute and often funny talk, he gives an inside look at his work as a diplomat, and also discusses the latest crises, from ISIS and Syria, to Ukraine and dealing with Russia.
From "Indispensable Nation" to "Realism-Based Restraint": Reconsidering U.S. Engagement with the World | 11/24/14 Former ambassador Chas Freeman has had a wide breadth of diplomatic experience, from the Middle East to Africa, East Asia, and Europe. In this conversation he eloquently speaks his mind on the negative effects of sanctions, the folly of U.S. unqualified support for Israel, the U.S. strategy and diplomacy deficits, and much more.
A Conversation with David Keyes on Advancing Human Rights | 11/14/14 In the Soviet era, it was difficult to alert the world of what was happening to dissidents, says David Keyes. Today, however, there's an overload of information from YouTube and other sources and the challenge is how to overcome "human rights fatigue." He explains how crowd-sourcing and other means can get the word out.
A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff | 11/07/14 In this candid and thoughtful conversation, General Dempsey tackles the difficult questions, from ISIS to Ebola to cyber threats. And throughout, he stresses the importance of ethics, education, and service.
From Paris to Moscow: The Rise of New Far-Right Movements Across Europe | 10/31/14 What effect has the Ukraine crisis had on the rise of ultra-nationalist forces in Russia and what has been the impact on Russia's neighbors? What is the situation among Europe's different far-right movements? Russia/Eurasia/Europe expert Marlene Laruelle has answers to these complex questions and more.
The Shifts and the Shocks: What We've Learned--and Have Still to Learn--From the Financial Crisis | 10/23/14 Why did the 2008 financial crisis occur? What should it teach us about modern economies and economics? Martin Wolf does a masterly job of untangling this complex catastrophe and proposes how we can avoid repeating our past mistakes.
Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy | 10/15/14 What are the requirements for a liberal democracy? It's not just voting, says Fukuyama. It needs a distinction between public and private interest; rule of law; and accountability. Although the U.S. started off as a weak, corrupt state, it became a liberal democracy. Yet all political systems are subject to decay, and that's what's happening to the U.S. today.
Elite Perceptions of the United States in Europe and Asia | 10/13/14 An interesting new report finds that political and business leaders in Asia value U.S. hard power while Europeans focus on American values. Both, however, view U.S. business and entrepreneurial spirit more positively than the government. What do these attitudes mean for policymakers and civil society?
Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention | 10/06/14 Why do international peace interventions often fail to reach their full potential? Based on 15 years of research in conflict zones around the world, Autesserre shows that everyday behavior, such as the expatriates' social habits and actions caused by lack of local knowledge, strongly influence the effectiveness of many peacekeeping operations.
A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire | 10/02/14 In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
Foreign Fighters in Syria | 09/29/14 How is ISIS structured? Why are young Muslims from many countries going to Syria to join it? What is the nature and extent of the threat and how can it be overcome? Counterintelligence expert Richard Barrett (formerly with MI5, MI6, and the UN) gives an informative, balanced, and perceptive report. Don't miss it.
A Conversation with Law Professor and Columnist Rosa Brooks on Obama's Foreign Policy | 06/12/14 With an insider's perspective, Rosa Brooks candidly discusses U.S. foreign policy, from Kosovo to Afghanistan, Syria, and Ukraine, along with her views on Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. Would Clinton have made a better president?
The Naked Future: What Happens in a World That Anticipates Your Every Move? | 06/09/14 Today we create information in everything that we do, and there is no going back. But instead of seeing this as as a threat, we should seize the opportunity to use it to our advantage, says Patrick Tucker. Big data can improve our lives, offering everything from more informed consumer choices to more accurate and detailed medical data.
A Conversation with Ezekiel Emanuel on Health Care Reform | 05/30/14 A doctor, a former advisor to the Obama administration, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Emanuel has spent a generation advocating on health care reform. In this lively and sometimes heated discussion, he clearly and succinctly explains "Obamacare," why it evolved as it did, and what it will mean for Americans going forward.
Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China | 05/19/14 In Chinese, the word for ambition is "wild heart" and for millennia individual aspirations were looked down on, as the group always came first. How China has changed!
Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the Front Lines | 05/13/14 Journalists have always faced attacks on their freedom to report stories and often on their physical safety as well. Now they face a new threat: digital surveillance. Electronic spying means that journalists cannot protect their sources, and undermines the public's confidence in the media's ability to operate without government interference.
A Conversation with Douglas Rushkoff, Digital Media Expert, Graphic Novelist and Documentarian | 04/30/14 With the advent of new means of interaction from the TV remote to Twitter, the media became a two-way conversation, says Douglas Rushkoff. But who controls, shapes, and benefits most from these interactions--we the users, or big business?
Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East | 04/15/14 What if a group decides democratically that they don't want to be liberal--that they want an "illiberal democracy"? Shadi Hamid argues that repression originally compelled Islamists to moderate their politics. But ironically, democratic openings pushed them back to their original fundamentalism, leaving no space for liberal norms such as women's rights.
Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific | 04/14/14 No wonder the South China Sea is important to China, says Robert Kaplan. It's the Mediterranean of Asia, the center of international commerce, including energy shipments. Plus, if the Chinese control it and thus gain access to the Indian Ocean, China will have a two-ocean navy, transforming it in military terms from a regional power into a world power.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Sebastian Junger | 03/18/14 Journalist Sebastian Junger knows about war from the inside: the horror and pain, the excitement and heightened awareness, and the fierce brotherhood between soldiers. In this moving conversation he talks about his life and work, and ponders on what everyone owes their country, whether they choose to fight or stay home.
The Leading Indicators: A Short History of the Numbers That Rule Our World | 03/16/14 "By relying so heavily on things like GDP, unemployment, and the suite of statistics that grew up in their wake, we are using a really good 1950s set of tools designed to answer questions of global depression, World War II, and 1950s industrial nation-states that made stuff. We're really good at measuring that world, but we're not living in that world."
The Struggle for Iraq's Future: How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy | 03/10/14 In this bleak and revealing talk, Iraqi lawyer Zaid al-Ali provides an insider's analysis of Iraq's many failures of governance, from creating a constitution to providing Iraqis with jobs, electricity, and most of all safety.
The Global War for Internet Governance | 03/04/14 Who controls the Internet? Internet governance is so technically and institutionally complex that it takes place mostly out of public view. But Internet control points do exist, and they affect civil liberties, national security, and global innovation policy. Laura DeNardis explains the inner workings of online governance and discusses its future.
"War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh | 02/28/14 As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World | 02/18/14 As China's urban middle class expands, China's government--and private companies--are traveling the globe in pursuit of fuel, ores, water, and farmland. And the government has all kinds of tools to bring to bear, from public diplomacy and backroom deals, to low-cost financing and low-cost labor. How is this quest changing the world, including China itself?
The Second Arab Awakening and the Battle for Pluralism | 01/28/14 Jordanian diplomat and scholar Marwan Muasher surveys the situation across the Arab world. He sees reasons for optimism in the long run, particularly in Tunisia, and makes a passionate call for pluralism, which he says is essential for democracy and prosperity.
Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2014 with Ian Bremmer | 01/22/14 So what should we look out for in 2014? "The economic risks are receding. The geopolitical risks are becoming more important," says political risk guru Ian Bremmer. Don't miss this entertaining but fact-filled talk for insights on global affairs, from U.S. foreign policy, to the Middle East, Asia, Russia, Europe, and emerging markets.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 12/19/13 Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too Late | 12/17/13 The threat of a nuclear nightmare is still real, says Joe Cirincione. With unsecured stockpiles in Russia, the ever-present threat of terrorists getting hold of a bomb, and the possibility of a nuclear Iran, America and the world need to pay attention to this potentially catastrophic issue.
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel | 11/27/13 Speaking just after the November 23 nuclear deal with Iran, Ari Shavit is skeptical: "The question is: Is it an act of creating the time to wake up and see what's there; or is it a process of deluding ourselves one last time, which will be the very last time?" He also discusses his homeland, Israel--its history, its deep-rooted problems, and its vibrancy.
Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism | 11/26/13 Journalists sorely need more expertise in the topics they report on, such as business, education and geopolitics, says Thomas Patterson, Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press at Harvard. For unless they know their subject area well, they are vulnerable to their sources and their reporting may be skewed or incomplete.
Check out Carnegie Council's Global Ethics Forum TV Series, Available on TV and Online | 11/13/13 Looking for thought-provoking programming on current affairs? Watch "Global Ethics Forum," a weekly half-hour TV series featuring the world's top policymakers and scholars.
Citizenship Within and Across Nations | 11/12/13 Philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah explores the role of civic honor, and its negative counterpart, shame, in shaping the political behavior of individuals and of nations, and in particular, in shaping the moral dimensions of political behavior.
Global Ethics Forum TV Series, One-Minute Trailer | 11/12/13 On this weekly half-hour TV show, leading thinkers and policymakers discuss ethics and vital issues in global affairs. Global Ethics Forum Season 5 is currently airing on MHz Worldview and on CUNY TV, New York.
Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them | 11/06/13 How do human beings make moral decisions? Sometimes we go with our emotions and "think fast" and sometimes we use reason and "think slow." Neuroscientist Joshua Greene's research shows that for problems within small groups, its best to think fast. But for global problems between larger groups, we need to learn to think slow.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Writer Kurt Andersen | 11/05/13 Journalist, novelist, entrepreneur, cultural critic, award-winning radio broadcaster--all of these describe Kurt Andersen. In this lively conversation, he talks about his career (including being fired by "New York" magazine for writing about Wall Street); the lasting effects of the 1960s; American politics today; Edward Snowden; and much more.
The Men Who United the States | 10/24/13 Simon Winchester tells of the men--some famous, but most of them forgotten--who united America. They did it through geological surveys and maps, canals, railways, highways, telegraph, and radio, and their stories are both fascinating and surprising.
Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War | 10/09/13 We should break free of the cliché that World War I was futile, argues Max Hastings. "Germany in 1914, as ruled by the Kaiser and his generals and ministers, represented a malign force whose triumph had to be frustrated."
Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/07/13 How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.
The Road to War: Presidential Commitments Honored and Betrayed | 10/04/13 The last declaration of war authorized by Congress was World War II, yet the U.S. has been entangled in many wars since. Why have presidents been allowed to sidestep Congress for the last 70 years? The U.S. should have an agreed-upon set of guidelines for going to war, says Marvin Kalb. It should not be left up to presidents to decide.
U.S. Policy on Iran and the Middle East: Where Do We Go From Here? | 09/27/13 Are we on the brink of a new era in Iran-U.S. relations? Maybe. Iran expert Gary Sick discusses President Rouhani's UN speech, which took place just before this event, plus previous missed opportunities and the current possibilities of rapprochement. While condemning the regime, he sees an opening for constructive negotiations.
Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God | 09/23/13 Created and armed by Iran, Hezbollah's reach stretches around the world, including inside the United States. Matthew Levitt traces its terrifying activities and discusses how Iran/Hezbollah might retaliate in response to a U.S. strike on Syria.
Ethics Matter: Jeremy Scahill on the World as a Battlefield | 06/13/13 In the name of the "war on terror," the U.S. is conducting covert warfare and targeted killings, and it dismisses the resulting deaths of innocent civilians as "collateral damage." What are the ethical and practical repercussions of these policies? Jeremy Scahill's blistering talk ranges from Iraq to Afghanistan, Yemen, and Somalia.
Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era | 06/11/13 Joseph Nye asks: "If the United States starts out the 20th century as a second-tier power and it ends up the 20th century as the world's only superpower, did it matter who was president? Would it all have occurred or turned out the same way anyway, or did individual leaders make a big difference?"
Foreign Policy Begins at Home: The Case for Putting America's House in Order | 06/06/13 We have been guilty of overreaching abroad and underachieving at home, says Richard Haass, and these sins are really two sides of the national security coin. After all, "our capacity to act abroad is obviously directly limited and affected by the capacities we have created here at home, whether the capacities are military or economic or human."
Carnegie New Leaders: A Discussion with Independent Diplomat's Carne Ross | 05/29/13 It's not always easy to do the right thing. "Had I had children, had I been 10 years older, I wouldn't have done it." In a candid talk, Carne Ross describes how he struggled with his conscience for years before leaving the British Foreign Service because of the Iraq War, and what he learned from this experience.
When God Talks Back: Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship with God | 05/20/13 What does it mean to have frequent conversations with God, as so many evangelicals say they do? Anthropologist Tanya Luhrmann spent over 10 years as an active member of evangelical churches in different parts of the U.S., and uses her personal experiences, interviews, and scientific training to report on the evangelical faith.
The New American Militarism: How Americans Are Seduced by War (2013) | 04/17/13 Andrew Bacevich argues that militarism now permeates U.S. society. These attitudes emerged in the decades after the Vietnam War, and are at odds both with U.S. interests and with its founding traditions.
To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism | 04/16/13 Very soon, "smart" technologies and "big data" will allow us to make sophisticated interventions in everyday life. Technology will create incentives to get more people to do the right thing. But how will this affect society, once political and moral dilemmas are recast as uncontroversial and easily manageable matters of technological efficiency?
Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles | 04/15/13 Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
Investing in an Independent Scotland | 04/10/13 In an eloquent speech, First Minister Salmond, leader of the government in Scotland, makes the case for an independent Scotland. In addition to compelling economic reasons, he argues that clearly, "the best people to take decisions about Scotland are the people who choose to live and work in Scotland."
Ethics Matter: Zainab Salbi on Women, War, and Self-Empowerment | 04/09/13 In this fascinating conversation, Zainab Salbi discusses her personal journey from growing up in Saddam Hussein's Iraq to becoming a global champion of women's rights. She also focuses on the realities of women's lives across the Middle East and proposes constructive ways to change negatives to positives.
Public Affairs: Everybody Matters: My Life Giving Voice | 03/15/13 In this inspiring talk about her extraordinary life so far, Mary Robinson tells us of her early years and how she became president of Ireland, even though the odds were 100-1; her work as a champion of human rights, especially those of women; and about her current work as president of the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation on Bioethics with NASA's Paul Root Wolpe | 03/08/13 In this eye-opening conversation, renowned bioethicist Dr. Wolpe grapples with the ethical issues raised by advances in biotechnology and neuroscience, including "brain fingerprinting" and eventual mind-reading.
Public Affairs: China's Search for Security | 02/19/13 In this masterly and comprehensive talk, Andrew Nathan looks at the world from Beijing's viewpoint and sees a very challenging environment for China. He identifies four rings of security concerns: inside China's territory; its 24 surrounding countries; six regional systems; and the rest of the world.
The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate | 01/31/13 With a breadth and depth of knowledge spanning not only current geopolitics but centuries of history, Robert Kaplan shows us the crucial importance of geography in shaping our destinies. Geography still matters, and always will.
Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2013 with Ian Bremmer | 01/18/13 "There are three big things happening right now in the world: China rising, Middle East exploding, Europe muddling through. Those are the things that truly matter, in the sense that they have potentially very different kinds of trajectories and outcomes depending on where they go."
Prospects for U.S.-Iran Relations | 01/03/13 Iran and the U.S. have a long list of common interests, including Afghanistan, stability in Iraq, and fighting drug trafficking. A good way to start creating trust between the two nations would be to cooperate on these issues, instead of always focusing on divisive ones like nuclear capability.
The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics | 12/14/12 In the Cold War, the path to nuclear war always led through Moscow and Washington. In the second nuclear age the triggers to nuclear war are in Tel Aviv, Islamabad, Pyongyang, and in the future possibly Tehran, and possibly in other places too, because you can start a nuclear war even if you don't have nuclear weapons.
Why Tolerate Religion? | 12/13/12 Why do Western democracies single out religion for preferential treatment? For example, why can a Sikh boy carry a dagger to school while other children cannot? Is this morally and legally justifiable?
Ethics Matter: Srdja Popovic on Creating Successful Nonviolent Movements | 12/11/12 Successful nonviolent movements need three things: the cool factor, memorable branding, and humor, says Popovic. He cofounded the Serbian youth movement Otpor!, which played a major role in toppling Milosevic, and his work training activists in Egypt and Tunisia is widely credited for inspiring Arab Spring protesters.
Ethics Matter: Dan Ariely on the Hidden Forces that Shape our Decisions | 11/20/12 Why do smart people cheat? Why do we eat more than we should or text while driving? In this funny and insightful talk, behavioral economist Dan Ariely explores the hidden factors that shape our most puzzling decisions and shows how emotions, peer pressure, and sheer irrationalism dictate our behavior.
America in the 21st Century: A View from America | 11/19/12 "Why is it that the political system today seems so gridlocked? Why is the issue of brinkmanship in America so incredibly debilitating and so very real? Is there something which has always been the case in U.S. history or is there something else going on today which is fueling this problem and making this age of brinkmanship so pernicious?"
Public Affairs: America in the 21st Century: A View from Asia | 10/16/12 The good, the bad, and the ugly: distinguished Singaporean Kishore Mahbubani politely but firmly tells Americans how Asians see them, and warns, "the world that is coming is a world outside your comfort zones."
Ethics Matter: Environmentalist Bill McKibben on Climate Change | 10/15/12 It's wrong to say Americans are addicted to fossil fuel. The addicts are oil and gas company executives, who won't give up their profits. Until we put a price on carbon that reflects the damage it does in the atmosphere, we’ll continue to have this catastrophic market failure and moral failure.
Is the World Becoming More Peaceful? | 10/05/12 In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
Ethics Matter: Dambisa Moyo on How Aid to Africa is Harmful | 09/24/12 Aid has failed to create economic growth, says Moyo, and allows governments to evade their responsibilities. So when people say that aid provides essential services, they're missing the point. Except when disaster strikes, governments should be responsible for their citizens, not the international community.
America in the 21st Century: A View from the Arab World | 09/17/12 The key is still the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Muasher. "The U.S. is not going to be able to regain its credibility in the region if it tells the Arab public that 'If you are Egyptians or Tunisians or Syrians or Libyans yearning for freedom, we are with you, but if you are Palestinians yearning for freedom, it's complicated.'"
Every Nation for Itself: Winners and Losers in a G-Zero World | 06/07/12 What's a G-zero world? It's when no one takes a global leadership role, when no one is willing to, and no one is capable of doing it--and that's the world we're living in now, according to political scientist Ian Bremmer. So what does this mean for both now and the future?
Exit Interview | 05/29/12 Overall, former president of ABC News David Westin is optimistic about the future of journalism. But it's increasingly up to us, the public, to weigh news reporting, to ask ourselves questions about it, and to reward good journalism with our time and attention.
Pax Ethnica: Where and How Diversity Succeeds | 05/18/12 The headlines are full of stories of deep-simmering hatreds and ethnic strife. How about some good news for a change? Historians Meyer and Brysac explore places where diversity is actually working, from Kerala to Queens. What can we learn from these "oases of civility"?
America in the 21st Century: A View from Europe | 05/14/12 It's likely that the U.S. will cease to be the world's largest economic power by not later than the 2020s, predicts Martin Wolf. However--depending on its policy choices--it will probably remain a center of world innovation in research, technology, and business.
Public Affairs: Private Empire: ExxonMobil and American Power | 05/09/12 ExxonMobil is rather like France, says Steve Coll. It's mostly aligned with the U.S; it's sometimes opposed, but a lot of the time it's just busy keeping track of its own separate system and really doesn't want to be entangled in U.S. power unless it serves ExxonMobil interests.
Ethics Matter: Dov Seidman, a Moral Philosopher in a Suit | 05/08/12 Leadership is going from being command-and-control to connect-and-collaborate; from inspecting for trust to giving it away; and from discussing success towards significance: "If we make a difference for our consumers, our people, and the world, success will find us."
Planet Money Tells the Story of Sovereign Debt | 04/24/12 How can you explain the European debt crisis so that ordinary Americans can understand--and what's more, care? Through interviews and story-telling techniques, these two NPR reporters show us that it's actually a long-drawn-out love story.
Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan, and Afghanistan | 04/24/12 Courageous journalist Ahmed Rashid discusses the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan as the U.S. approaches its scheduled withdrawal in 2014. He goes on to analyze the deepening crisis in Pakistan, which he considers to be even worse.
No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn | 04/09/12 How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
The "How" of Business Ethics in the Financial Sector | 04/04/12 With his public resignation letter, Goldman Sachs executive Greg Smith lamented "the decline in the firm's moral fiber." How can financial managers strengthen the ethical backbones of their organizations? What can a junior-level employee do to influence the firm's direction?
Ethics Matter: Mary Ellen Iskenderian, CEO of Women's World Banking | 03/21/12 CEO of Women's World Banking Iskenderian explains why investing in women makes so much sense. She also tackles the recent critiques of microfinance and discusses how it is evolving.
Power, Inc.: The Epic Rivalry Between Big Business and Government--and the Reckoning That Lies Ahead | 03/19/12 David Rothkopf issues a wake-up call to Americans: We have to drop our knee-jerk, partisan attitudes and ask, "What will produce the kind of society that we want to have?" We also have to stop assuming that U.S. capitalism and U.S. views will be dominant in the future.
Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America | 02/29/12 Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Gabriel Marcia Marquez, Octavio Paz, and many more: Krauze discusses Latin America's intellectual, literary, and political figures who were inspired by revolutionary ideas, and hopes that his book will be "a requiem for the Latin American passionate revolution."
Ethics Matter: Policymaker and Scholar Anne-Marie Slaughter | 02/22/12 Anne-Marie Slaughter on the responsibility to protect: "I believe in a values-based foreign policy and looking to cooperate as often as I can. I also think that's basic self-interest. We don't do well when we go in without the support of other nations."
Currency Wars: The Making of the Next Global Crisis | 02/01/12 We are already in Currency War III, says Rickards, who sees four possible outcomes--none of them good--that he calls "the four horsemen of the dollar apocalypse." Here's a tip: keep your eye on gold.
Ethics Matter: Philosopher Thomas Pogge, Crusader for Global Justice | 01/31/12 In this fascinating conversation, Thomas Pogge explains how growing up in post-war Germany awakened him to injustice. He lays out his plan for reforming the pharmaceutical industry, and much more.
Public Parts: How Sharing in the Digital Age Improves the Way We Work and Live | 01/30/12 Well-known blogger Jeff Jarvis celebrates what he calls the "emerging age of publicness," arguing that anything we have to fear in this new networked world is overwhelmingly outweighed by all the good that will come from it.
A Single Roll of the Dice: Obama's Diplomacy with Iran | 01/18/12 Trita Parsi recounts the previously unknown story of American and Iranian negotiations during Obama's early years as president, and the real reasons for their current stalemate. Contrary to prevailing opinion, Parsi contends that diplomacy has not been fully tried.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2012 with Ian Bremmer | 01/17/12 What are the biggest political risks in 2012, and the associated ethical decisions? Political risk guru Ian Bremmer discusses his annual list, and his conclusions may surprise you.
Confronting Corruption and Ethics in Emerging Markets | 12/08/11 Is it possible to grow a company to $1 billion in revenue in Russia without giving a single bribe? In this interactive workshop with high-level professionals, Alcoa's Bill O'Rourke shares how he navigated the murky ethical conundrums that come with leadership of a global business.
Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh to Wall Street | 12/08/11 Why pretend that economics is value free? It's a product of our civilization and riddled with moral judgements, says Sedlacek. By separating economics from ethics we have created a zombie, a monster without a soul. The two have to be put back together.
The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution | 12/08/11 How did human beings succeed in creating the ideal of strong, accountable governments that adhere to the rule of law? Francis Fukuyama provides a sweeping account of how today's basic political institutions developed.
Philip Howard on Civility in Everyday Life | 12/06/11 Philip Howard argues that an excess of government regulations and the law has corroded the institutions of authority in our society, with many deleterious effects, and one of the victims of that is our sense of ethics and civility.
Anatol Lieven on Pakistan | 12/06/11 Pakistan expert Anatol Lieven unravels Pakistan's troubled and complex relationships with the U.S., Afghanistan, the Taliban, and its own army--and adds this special note on what bin Laden's death means for U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Ethics Matter: Microfinance Pioneer Susan Davis | 12/06/11 Microfinance started as a movement for social justice and women's equality and gave birth to an industry, says Davis. This gave rise to scale, efficiency, and large numbers of people being served--over 150 million of the world's poorest households.
Giving Voice To Values: How To Speak Your Mind When You Know What's Right | 12/06/11 Through experiential exercises that act as rehearsals, we can learn to how to act on our values in real-life situations, says Mary Gentile. She shares a ground-breaking new approach that prepares professionals to respond to ethical challenges in the workplace.
The Fear: Robert Mugabe and the Martyrdom of Zimbabwe | 12/06/11 Author and journalist Peter Godwin was born and raised in Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia). In this gripping talk he untangles his country's complex and tragic history, and shows us the arc of President Mugabe's brutal career.
I Shall Not Hate: A Gaza Doctor's Journey on the Road to Peace and Human Dignity | 12/06/11 Born in a Palestinian refugee camp, Dr. Abuelaish has devoted his life to medicine and to reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians, even though his three daughters and a niece were killed by Israeli shelling. His personal doctrine is that hate is the wrong response to war. What's needed is communication, compassion, and understanding.
Beyond Good Intentions: The Promise and Peril of Citizen Engagement with Foreign Policy | 12/06/11 What were the accomplishments and failures of the U.S. grassroots movements that responded to the humanitarian crisis in Darfur, and how do these lessons apply to grassroots movements in general?
Behind the Headlines: Pakistan | 12/06/11 With its mix of militants, nuclear weapons, and chronic domestic unrest, Pakistan's problems have implications for the entire world. Prize-winning author and journalist Ahmed Rashid gives a chilling account of the situation in his homeland.
The Good Book: A Humanist Bible | 12/06/11 Philosopher A.C. Grayling has created a non-religious Bible that draws from the wealth of secular literature and philosophy in both Western and Eastern traditions. Whatever your beliefs, you will find food for thought in this wise and witty talk.
Ethics Matter: Political Scientist Joseph S. Nye, Jr. | 12/06/11 Joseph Nye discusses the sources of his ideas, his major concepts such as soft power, the impact of these concepts, and his thoughts on the information revolution.
Ethics Matter: Economist and Development Expert Jeffrey Sachs | 12/05/11 Jeffrey Sachs discusses America's economic and moral crisis; development aid; the Occupy Wall Street movement; and the mobilization of youth around the world, fighting for the basic principles of freedom, justice, and equality.
The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade | 11/29/11 In 2010, global military expenditure was roughly $1.6 trillion--that's $235 for every person on earth. This has profound impacts, from the perpetuation of conflict, to the corrosion of democracy, to massive socioeconomic costs.
Re-Imagining a Global Ethic | 11/21/11 "A global ethic makes it possible for us to agree to disagree about ultimate questions, provided we have the philosophical clarity that comes from that process of adversarial justification," says Ignatieff in this thoughtful and challenging talk.
Towards a More Robust Public Policy Environment in the Middle East | 11/15/11 Dr. Alterman describes the principal challenges for the Arab Middle East states as "developing human capital and strengthening public policy environments." In aspiring to these, he calls for patience and long-haul commitment, even restraint, from Western donor sources.
Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism | 11/02/11 "It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."
America the Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime, and Warfare | 10/18/11 From the personal to the corporate to the national, our data is constantly at risk, says Joel Brenner. But it's like gravity; there's not much we can do about it. We just have to learn to live with the situation, stay alert, and limit potential damage.
Ethics Matter: Conversation with Moral Philosopher Peter Singer | 10/13/11 Utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer lives up to his beliefs, giving away 25-30 percent of his income to alleviate absolute poverty, and defending animal rights--or as he puts it, "extending equality beyond the species boundary." Here are his thoughts on these topics and more.
Ethics Matter: Economist and Foreign Aid Specialist William Easterly | 10/03/11 The best system for discovering new approaches is not to have one planner at the top trying to decide what are going to be the successful innovations, says Bill Easterly. It's to have lots and lots of people at the bottom experimenting and finding their own innovations.
Yahoo! and YouTube: Balancing Human Rights and Business | 09/27/11 How do companies such as Yahoo! and YouTube decide on whether disturbing material should be banned from their sites? What are the free speech and human rights issues involved? What guidelines do they use? This fascinating workshop discusses specific cases.
Does the Elephant Dance?: Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy | 09/18/11 Former Canadian High Commissioner to India David Malone gives a comprehensive survey of contemporary Indian foreign policy. He begins by focusing on India's geography, history, and capability, and covers relations with the U.S., China, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back | 09/14/11 What can America do as it faces four major challenges--globalization, the revolution in information technology, chronic deficits, and its energy consumption?
The Evolution of God | 08/31/11 Robert Wright's astute analysis uses game theory: a religion that sees itself in a zero-sum relationship with outsiders will prove exclusionist and violent, while a religion that sees itself in a non-zero-sum relationship will adjust its theology accordingly. What does this mean for the future?
In the Plex: How Google Thinks, Works, and Shapes Our Lives | 07/05/11 For two years, Levy was given an opportunity to observe Google's operations, development, culture, and advertising model from within the infrastructure, with full managerial cooperation. What did he find?
The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom | 06/07/11 Amid the euphoria about the power of the Internet and social media, Morozov sounds a note of caution. He reminds us that these tools can also entrench dictators, threaten dissidents, and make it harder--not easier--to promote democracy.
WAR | 06/03/11 In this thoughtful and very personal talk, Junger ponders what attracts young men to war, the difference between friendship and brotherhood, the question of when nations should intervene, and lastly, the issue of his own mortality.
They Fight Like Soldiers, They Die Like Children: The Global Quest to Eradicate the Use of Child Soldiers | 06/03/11 Child soldiers are a weapons system that is effective, cheap, and complete. How do we counter that? How do we make the use of children a liability? How do we stop people from reverting to using children as the primary weapons system of a conflict?
The Unfinished Global Revolution: The Pursuit of a New International Politics | 06/01/11 Is the world ready to embrace more powerful international institutions and the values needed to underpin a truly globalist agenda—the rule of law, human rights, and opportunity for all?
How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance | 05/25/11 We're living in a multi-polar, multi-civilizational world, says Parag Khanna, and the old rules no longer apply. Increasingly, states, international organizations, NGOs, and corporations must work in partnerships and find ways to strengthen mutual accountability.
The Future of Power | 05/18/11 "In the information age, the mark of a great power is not just whose army wins, but also whose story wins," says Joseph Nye. This talk includes his thoughts on China, Egypt, Afghanistan, Iran, and more.
The Next Decade: Where We've Been...and Where We're Going | 05/11/11 The challenge of the next decade is not American power, says George Friedman. It is the preservation of the republic through a management of the international system that faces the fact that, intended or not, we're an empire. So long as we refuse to face that, we can't be effective.
Beirut, Damascus, Tehran, and Tel Aviv: The Moment of Reckoning is Near | 04/27/11 As powerful regional forces confront each other over the 2005 assassination of former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafik Hariri, a day of reckoning is inevitable. Will there be a compromise or will the struggle be settled on the battlefield of Lebanon, Syria, Iran, or Israel?
Negotiating with Evil: When to Talk to Terrorists | 04/20/11 When, how, and under what conditions should governments talk to terrorists? Can opening a dialogue bring conflicts to a faster resolution?
The U.S. Navy's New Energy Revolution | 04/13/11 Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus is working to chart a new course for the Navy and Marine Corps, that by 2020 will dramatically reduce the Navy's consumption of fossil fuels. He also prepared the long-term recovery plan for the Gulf of Mexico in the aftermath of the oil spill.
Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power | 04/06/11 Robert D. Kaplan declares that the Indian Ocean area will be the true nexus of world power and conflict in the coming years and it is here that U.S. foreign policy must concentrate if America is to remain dominant in an ever-changing world.
The Lost Peace: Leadership in a Time of Horror and Hope, 1945-1953 | 03/30/11 In a striking reinterpretation of the postwar years, Robert Dallek examines what drove leaders around the globe--Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, Mao, de Gaulle, and Truman--to rely on traditional power politics, and points out the lessons we can draw from their mistakes.
Facts are Subversive: Political Writing from a Decade without a Name | 03/22/11 Looking back over the last decade, Timothy Garton Ash catalogues the challenges facing the EU--the economy, a united foreign policy, the integration of Muslims--and concludes that despite its problems the union has taken important steps forward.
Can Obama Please Both Arabs and Israelis? What the Polls and History Tell Us | 03/16/11 Despite Obama's rhetoric, most Arabs still see America through the prism of pain of the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Telhami, and a majority of Arabs and Israelis no longer believe peace is possible. Both the Arabs and the Israelis need to put public opinion aside and build an agreement.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2011 | 03/09/11 In this lively discussion, economist Daniel Altman, political scientist/risk expert Ian Bremmer, and economic and political analyst Zachary Karabell present what each sees as the top risks for this year--and well beyond.
The Politics of Happiness: What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being | 03/02/11 How can governments use the latest research on well-being to improve the quality of life for all their citizens? What role can government policy play in creating individual happiness?
How the Economy Works: Confidence, Crashes and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies | 02/23/11 We need to synthesize the idea that a free-market economy self-corrects and the Keynesian principle that capitalism needs some guidance, says economist Roger Farmer. The goal is to correct the excesses without stifling entrepreneurship and instituting central planning.
Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War | 01/05/11 It is the time to examine the Washington consensus on national security and why it must change, says Professor Bacevich--and to acknowledge that fixing Afghanistan should not take precedence over fixing Detroit.
Eco Innovations: Small Sparks, Big Impact | 11/17/10 How do sustainable innovations make it to market? Three very different inventors talk about their creative process, how their inventions have had a social impact, and what a more sustainable society might look like.
Ethics for a 21st Century Army: Creating a Code of Professional Military Ethics | 09/29/10 What are the basic principles that should guide professional soldiers in the 21st century?
The Betrayal of American Prosperity: Free Market Delusions, America's Decline, and How We Must Compete in the Post-Dollar Era | 09/22/10 Clyde Prestowitz argues that the U.S. is rapidly losing the basis of its wealth and power, as well as its freedom of action and independence. If we do not make dramatic changes quickly, we will confront a painful, permanent slide in our standard of living.
Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction | 09/15/10 After wars end, what steps should countries take to consolidate peace? Graciana del Castillo identifies five premises that are necessary for war economies to transition into sustainable and productive markets.
Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy | 09/01/10 Raghuram Rajan traces the deepening fault lines in a world overly dependent on the indebted U.S. consumer to power global economic growth, and where the U.S. has growing inequality and a thin social safety net. If these flaws are not fixed, we should be prepared for an even more serious financial crisis.
Reset: Iran, Turkey, and America's Future | 08/25/10 Stephen Kinzer argues that the United States needs to rethink its alliances in the Middle East and focus on strategic relationships with Iran and Turkey rather than Israel and Saudi Arabia.
Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization | 08/18/10 Everything hinges on water; it is essential to life and to civilization. Will there be enough fresh water for 9 billion of us by 2050? In this talk, journalist Steven Solomon discusses the impending global water crisis.
Michael Doyle on Nonintervention and the Responsibility to Protect | 08/04/10 What circumstances justify overriding sovereignty? Michael Doyle discusses the difficult questions surrounding nonintervention and the "unanimous revolution" of 2005, which led to the new norm known as the Responsibility to Protect.
Bomb Power: The Modern Presidency and the National Security State | 07/28/10 Garry Wills traces how the atomic bomb transformed our nation down to its deepest constitutional roots, defined the presidency, and redefined the government as a national security state.
Superfusion: How China and America Became One Economy and Why the World's Prosperity Depends on It | 07/07/10 In a witty and astute talk, Zachary Karabell describes and explains what he calls 'superfusion'--how the economies and capital flows of China and the U.S. became inextricably entwined to the point where neither can survive without the other.
Top Risks and the Ethical Decisions for 2010 | 06/16/10 What's next? Using Eurasia Group's Top Risks as a starting point for identifying the major global challenges in 2010, the panelists identify what they see on the horizon and discuss the ethical issues involved.
Eclipse of the Sunnis: Power, Exile, and Upheaval in the Middle East | 05/19/10 1.9 million Sunni Muslims have been forced into exile following the Iraq War, says Deborah Amos. What impact is this having on these people's lives, on Iraq, and on the region's delicate balance of power?
Interesting Times: Writings from a Turbulent Decade | 05/12/10 George Packer discusses some of his essays from the period of September 11, 2001 to November 4, 2008; the luxury of being able to write long, in-depth articles for "The New Yorker" magazine; and the uncertain future of print journalism.
East Asian Security and Democracy: The Place of Taiwan | 04/21/10 Taiwan has transformed itself into a prosperous, vibrant democracy, and recently tensions between Taiwan and China have lessened. As the balance of power between the U.S. and China shifts, what is the future for Taiwan, and what role will it play in the region?
Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What it Will Mean for Our World | 04/07/10 The real key to bringing economic and political change to the Muslim world is capitalism, says Vali Nasr. Entrepreneurial middle classes the world over have a stake in the system and are more interested in economic success than religious extremism.
Future Challenges: The UN and the UNA. David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Miller | 03/29/10 President and CEO of the UN Association of the USA, Ambassador Miller discusses the U.S. role in the world and the power of grass roots commitment. Citizens can change policy by reminding leaders of their obligations on issues such as climate change.
David Speedie Interviews Baroness Shirley Williams: A View from the United Kingdom on Transatlantic Relations | 02/17/10 In a wide-ranging conversation, Baroness Williams discusses the Obama administration's foreign policy; the situation in Afghanistan and in Iran; U.S. and British politics, including voter representation and corruption; and her work on nuclear disarmament.
Power Rules: How Common Sense Can Rescue American Foreign Policy | 01/27/10 How can America build partnerships and coalitions to solve today's global problems? Will the nation continue to dominate world affairs, or are we fast approaching a "post-America" era?
Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity | 01/20/10 Rwanda, Bosnia, Cambodia, Darfur, Congo, and more--since World War II, genocide has caused more deaths than all wars put together. Goldhagen analyzes how and why genocides start and proposes steps the international community can take to stop them.
The Science of War: Defense Budgeting, Military Technology, Logistics, and Combat Outcomes | 01/13/10 Michael O'Hanlon explains how military modeling and planning are done, taking as examples Desert Storm, the Iraq War, and the decisions to be made now about Afghanistan.
Russia and U.S.-Russia Relations: David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Pickering | 12/16/09 Ambassador Thomas Pickering discusses Russia's role in the unfolding events in Iran and other potential areas of cooperation between Russia and the United States, including missile defense and NATO enlargement.
U.S.-Iran Relations After the Iranian Election | 09/23/09 How should the United States proceed in its relations with Iran during this turbulent time—and beyond? Should we launch direct, high-level talks between a U.S. envoy and a significant player, or continue on the same course?
Prospects for U.S.-Russia Relations | 08/26/09 Russian Ambassador H.E. Mr. Kislyak's comprehensive talk includes his thoughts on U.S.-Russia relations, nuclear proliferation, and Russia today. He also gives us the Russian perspective on the conflict with Georgia.
A Conversation with David Hamburg: The Commitment to Prevention | 08/12/09 David Speedie interviews David Hamburg on the prevention agenda of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and its legacy of preventing interstate conflict, genocide, and threats to global health.
North Korea: What Next? | 07/29/09 There are no good options in negotiations with North Korea, says Bush's top advisor on North Korean affairs, Victor Cha. It's always a choice between a bad option and a worse one.
Forced to Labor: The Cost of Coercion | 07/15/09 The Carnegie Council and the International Labour Organization (ILO) present a unique look at modern slavery from the personal, policy, and enforcement perspectives, to shed light on an insidious practice that has become part of today's labor markets.
Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation | 07/08/09 Nandan Nilekani argues that India's recent economic boom has triggered tremendous social, political, and cultural change. He discusses India's challenges and advantages, such as its current "demographic dividend"--a large population of working age.
Pillars of Ethics | 07/01/09 Carnegie Council president Joel Rosenthal discusses three pillars of ethics--pluralism, rights and responsibilities, and fairness--with Council staff members Madeleine Lynn and William Vocke.
EIA Interview: Simon Dalby on Environmental Security | 06/17/09 "Peace-building is literally about building now," says Dalby. "It's about constructing buildings that don't need large quantities of energy, both because of climate change and so that they are not dependent on supplies from the other side of the planet."
Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet | 06/10/09 Economist Jeffrey Sachs focuses on the financial crisis, both in the U.S. and worldwide. He concludes that we should look at it as a wakeup call that we were not on a sustainable path, and as an opportunity to invest in the future.
Green Jobs | 06/03/09 A panel including Peter Poschen, International Labour Organization and Michael Renner, Worldwatch Institute, discusses the new report "Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-Carbon World."
The Powers to Lead | 05/27/09 What qualities make a leader succeed in business or in politics? Joseph Nye contends that modern leadership requires "smart power," which is a judicious situational balance of hard power and soft power.
The Rise of the Rest II: How the Ascent of Russia and China Affects Global Business and Security | 05/20/09 From economic growth to cultural exports, the global distribution of power is shifting from "the West" to the rest of the world. This panel addresses the effects of this emerging new reality, many of which are already underway.
The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: Wilsonianism in the Twenty-First Century | 05/14/09 Was George W. Bush the true heir of Woodrow Wilson, the architect of liberal internationalism? Was the Iraq War a result of liberal ideas about America's right to promote democracy abroad?
Ethical Issues in U.S.-Asia Policy: Devin Stewart Interviews Chong-Pin Lin | 05/06/09 Dr. Lin discusses Taiwan's political situation; relations with China; climate change; the future of democracy in East Asia; what Obama's presidency may mean for the region; and the surprising "detente" between China and Japan.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2009 | 04/29/09 What dangers are lurking for 2009? Taking Eurasia Group's list of Top Risks as a starting point, this lively discussion examines the ethical aspects of these issues.
Iran and the United States: David Speedie Interviews Gary Sick | 04/22/09 The Bush administration has been toying with the idea of talking to Iran for the last two years. With the arrival of Obama, now the question is not "should we," but how do we go about doing it?
The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World | 04/15/09 Does the symbiotic relationship between China and America--"Chimerica" as Niall Ferguson calls it--give reason to hope that America's present economic situation will turn out to be not a crash, but a correction?