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Artificial Intelligence: What Everyone Needs to Know | 12/05/16
Jerry Kaplan, Joanne J. Myers
We're asking the wrong questions about artificial intelligence, says AI expert Jerry Kaplan. Machines are not going to take over the world. They don't have emotions or creativity. They are just able to process large amounts of data and draw logical conclusions. These new technologies will bring tremendous advances--along with new ethical and practical issues.
Briefing Paper on Climate Engineering | 10/28/16
Janos Pasztor, Simon Nicholson, David Morrow
Climate engineering is defined as large-scale, deliberate intervention in the Earth system to counteract climate change. Two major sets of techniques are usually included: those that could remove significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and those that might offset the amount of incoming solar radiation in order to cool the planet.
Inside an Apple iPhone Factory in China | 10/19/16
Dejian "Ken" Zeng, Devin T. Stewart
What really goes on in an Apple factory in China? In this fascinating conversation, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart talks to Dejian "Ken" Zeng, a grad student who went undercover at an iPhone factory in Shanghai, about 12-hour workdays, his minimalist life in the dorms, and why it's so hard to organize a labor movement in China.
"Ethics & International Affairs" Explores the Ethics of Autonomous Weapon Systems (aka Killer Robots) | 10/03/16
Technological advances in recent years have spurred increasing debate surrounding Autonomous Weapon Systems, including whether and how these weapons should be used, and how they may be properly governed. "Ethics & International Affairs" is committed to furthering this debate and presents a collection of recent work on the topic.
Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World | 09/30/16
Timothy Garton Ash
In today's connected world--a "cosmopolis" dominated by the "four superpowers" Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon--what we need is to have more but also better free speech, declares Garton Ash. The West, particularly the U.S., should strive to promote global free speech, and we must foster a "robust civility" despite our differences.
The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence | 09/26/16
Wendell Wallach, Stephanie Sy
From driverless cars to lethal autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence will soon confront societies with new and complex ethical challenges. What's more, by 2034, 47 percent of U.S. jobs, 69 percent of Chinese jobs, and 75 percent of Indian jobs could all be done by machines. How should societies cope and what role should global governance play?
Free for a Limited Time! "Ethics & International Affairs" Fall 2016 Issue | 09/15/16
This issue includes essays on the bottom-up architecture of the Paris climate change agreement, the history of recognition, and Swedish feminist foreign policy; features on self-interest and the distant vulnerable, and on the use of public reason in international courts; and much more.
Table of Contents, Volume 30.3 (Fall 2016) | 09/14/16
This issue includes essays by Nicholas Chan on the bottom-up architecture of the Paris climate change agreement, Jens Bartelson on the history of recognition, and Karin Aggestam and Annika Bergman-Rosamond on Swedish feminist foreign policy; features by Luke Glanville on self-interest and the distant vulnerable, and by Silje Aambø Langvatn on the use of public reason in international courts; a review essay by James K. Galbraith on ethics and inequality; a response by Ryan Jenkins and Duncan Purves to Robert Sparrow's article on autonomous weapon systems (EIA 30.1), with a rejoinder by Robert Sparrow; and book reviews by Michael C. Williams and Jonathan Morduch.
Interview with Robert Sparrow on Autonomous Weapon Systems and Respect in Warfare | 08/16/16
Robert Sparrow, Adam Read-Brown
Professor Sparrow works on ethical issues raised by new technologies. Here he discusses Autonomous Weapon Systems (AWS), often referred to as "killer robots." Unlike drones, which are remotely operated by humans, with AWS the robot itself determines who should live or die. What are the ethical arguments for and against these killing machines?
Top 10 Podcasts for the 2015-16 Carnegie Council Program Year | 07/12/16
Topics for the top 10 podcasts span the globe, and include Chinese immigrants in New York, India's Constitution, U.S-Russian relations, the future of technology, the teachings of Buddha, and the intricacies of global tax avoidance. Quite a varied collection!
The Symbiotic Relationship between Western Media and Terrorism | 05/24/16
Javier Delgado Rivera
Mass media and terrorism have become ever more intertwined in a mutually beneficial relationship often described as 'symbiotic.' This column examines that dynamic and outlines the need for news organizations to balance the public's right to know against the ability of militants to exploit news coverage to promote their beliefs.
Ourania S. Yancopoulos' Presentation on Gender Equality at UN Wins Council's Student Research Conference | 05/16/16
Ms. Yancopoulos' presentation was titled "Gender Equality—and the Lack Thereof—in International Politics: An Evaluation of Gender Balance in the Leadership of the United Nations Secretariat." Other presentation topics included robotic warfare, the ethics of civil resistance, and the portrayal of Muslims in the U.S. media.
New Paradigms for Refugee Camps and for Humanitarian Aid Itself | 04/22/16
Kilian Kleinschmidt, Stephanie Sy
Kilian Kleinschmidt describes how he, together with the refugees themselves, transformed the Zaatari refugee camp from what the media called a "hellhole of humanitarian aid" into a lively living space with shops and even fountains. Indeed, the entire aid paradigm needs to be transformed, says Kleinschmidt, and he offers innovative ways to do it.
In Search of a Global Ethic | 04/21/16
Devin T. Stewart
Research in 25 cities in eight countries on five continents shows that norms across cultures may not be so different after all.
A Conversation with Krista Tippett on Becoming Wise | 04/15/16
Krista Tippett, Stephanie Sy
What does it mean to be human, and how do we want to live? "We possess intelligence. We possess consciousness. And we have this capacity as human beings to take this further step to become wise, which leavens intelligence and I think has an ability to advance evolution in the direction we want it to go."
"Ethics & International Affairs" Celebrates its 30th Anniversary | 03/15/16
As "Ethics & International Affairs" journal celebrates its 30th anniversary, it is more committed than ever to encouraging reflection, advancing scholarship, fostering respectful debate, and offering deep analysis of the values and ideals that animate global affairs.
Table of Contents, Volume 30.1 (Spring 2016) | 03/14/16
This issue includes an essay by Amitai Etzioni on how to define national sovereignty through rights and responsibilities; a roundtable on the relationship between Hans Morgenthau and America, with contributions by Cornelia Navari, Felix Rösch, Hartmut Behr, Christoph Frei, Richard Ned Lebow, and Douglas B. Klusmeyer; features by Patti Tamara Lenard on revocation of citizenship in democracies and by Robert Sparrow on the case against autonomous weapons; a response by Helen Frowe to Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun's article on "jus ad vim" (EIA 27.1), with a rejoinder by Daniel Brunstetter; and book reviews by Robert Howse and Jeffrey Mankoff.
Free for a Limited Time! "Ethics & International Affairs" Spring 2016 Issue | 03/11/16
This issue includes: Amitai Etzioni on national sovereignty; a roundtable on the relationship between Hans Morgenthau and America; Patti Tamara Lenard on revocation of citizenship in democracies; Robert Sparrow on the case against autonomous weapons; an exchange between Helen Frowe and Daniel Brunstetter on "jus ad vim;" and book reviews.
The Industries of the Future | 03/10/16
Alec Ross, Joanne J. Myers
Driverless cars, designer babies, crypto currencies, cyber warfare, pervasive "sousveillance" that erodes our privacy, often with our consent--what are the upsides and downsides of this brave new world? Alec Ross, who is neither a utopian nor a dystopian, expertly guides us through it.
Better Transportation for a Better City | 02/23/16
Did you know that the longest traffic jam ever recorded--192 miles--occurred in São Paulo? "Not only would an expansion of the subway system increase the safety and sustainability of the city, but it would improve the city's inclusiveness by addressing social inequality," argues 16-year-old Jack Conway, a São Paulo resident for the past four years.