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Topic "ethnic conflict"
An Ambassador's Reflections on a Bloodbath | 03/07/14
Thomas Patrick Melady (1927-2014)
Everyone knows of the 1984 genocide in Rwanda, when Hutus massacred Tutsis. But few have heard of the 1972 genocide in neighboring Burundi, when Tutsis slaughtered 80,000-210,000 Hutus. U.S. Ambassador Melady was an eyewitness. In this 1974 article, he discusses Burundi and other countries where hostile groups live side by side.
Differing Perspectives on Iran and the Middle East Peace Process: Is there a Crisis in U.S.-Israel Relations? | 02/13/14
Dov Waxman, David C. Speedie
Do the public disagreements between the Obama administration and the Netanyahu government over Iran's nuclear program and the current peace talks with the Palestinians signal a growing rift between the United States and Israel? How strong is the alliance between the countries? What does the future hold for Israel?
The Second Arab Awakening and the Battle for Pluralism | 01/28/14
Jordanian diplomat and scholar Marwan Muasher surveys the situation across the Arab world. He sees reasons for optimism in the long run, particularly in Tunisia, and makes a passionate call for pluralism, which he says is essential for democracy and prosperity.
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel | 11/27/13
Speaking just after the November 23 nuclear deal with Iran, Ari Shavit is skeptical: "The question is: Is it an act of creating the time to wake up and see what's there; or is it a process of deluding ourselves one last time, which will be the very last time?" He also discusses his homeland, Israel--its history, its deep-rooted problems, and its vibrancy.
From War to a Global Ethic | 11/21/13
Joel H. Rosenthal, Michael Ignatieff, Adam Roberts, David Rodin
Is it possible to create a global code of ethics? In this Carnegie Council Centennial Symposium at the Scottish Parliament, the panelists discuss Andrew Carnegie's legacy; what has changed since his time; and Carnegie Council's contribution to the vital task of moving toward a shared international understanding with which to face today's problems.
The Unsung Hero Who Coined the Term "Genocide" | 09/21/13
In this "The New Republic" piece, Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff recounts the life of Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term "genocide." A Jewish, Polish law scholar who immigrated to the United States in 1941, Lemkin made it his life's project to "save future generations from the genocidal furies that had claimed his own family."
Seven Scenarios for the Future of Syria | 09/04/13
"Now that the country has imploded, there is no easy way out." Seth Kaplan outlines possible futures for Syria, followed by a list of recommended international options.
Sir Adam Roberts on "Democracy, Sovereignty and Terror" | 06/25/13
Roberts discusses his book on Sri Lankan statesman Lakshman Kadirgamar, who fought against the terrorism of the Tamil Tigers and was assassinated by them in 2005. Roberts also answers questions about the legacy of colonialism and about his work and thoughts on civil resistance and nonviolence.
Mindsets May Hinder Progress in Myanmar | 06/05/13
Devin T. Stewart
Great excitement surrounds the World Economic Forum meeting in Myanmar this week, an indication of the country's new openness. But while the media has highlighted Myanmar's political, economic, and social challenges, less discussed are the mindsets that underlie them. Stewart's report is based on several years of interviews in Myanmar and the region.
TEN YEARS AFTER: A RETROSPECTIVE ON THE IRAQ WAR | 03/20/13
On the tenth anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, we look back on the ethical debates surrounding the war, and the conflict's tragic results. Millions of Iraqis—along with many others in the Middle East, plus Americans and their European allies—are still struggling with the consequences of March 19, 2003.
Thought Leader: Robert D. Kaplan | 02/27/13
Robert D. Kaplan, Devin T. Stewart, Anna Kiefer
"I see a world driven by a loss of central authority, which creates its on moral problems as a consequence."
Thought Leader: Srdja Popovic | 02/25/13
Srdja Popovic, Devin T. Stewart, Anna Kiefer
"There are two kinds of countries in this world, the good ones and the bad ones. The good ones I count as the countries where the governments are afraid of their people. The bad ones I count as the countries where people are afraid of their governments."
Behind the Headlines--After the Israeli Elections: A New Chapter or More of the Same? | 02/25/13
Why were the recent Israeli elections results so different from expectations? Why were the main issues domestic ones, with little attention paid to Iran or the Palestinian situation? For answers to these questions and more, look to Yoram Peri's expert analysis of the complexities of Israeli politics and concerns.
Public Affairs: China's Search for Security | 02/19/13
Andrew J. Nathan
In this masterly and comprehensive talk, Andrew Nathan looks at the world from Beijing's viewpoint and sees a very challenging environment for China. He identifies four rings of security concerns: inside China's territory; its 24 surrounding countries; six regional systems; and the rest of the world.
Report from the Middle East | 02/14/13
Charles D. Freilich
Chuck Freilich's knowledgeable talk gives us an overview of the primary forces at work today in the Middle East--and some potential outcomes. He also provides an insider's analysis of Israel's politics and prospects.
A Fragile New Burma | 01/17/13
Barbara Crossette, Joanne J. Myers
Back from a recent fact-finding trip to Burma, veteran Asia correspondent Barbara Crossette reports on the complex situation there. People have high hopes for more openness and prosperity, yet there is a total lack of infrastructure, several serious religious ethnic conflicts, and some simmering doubts about the leadership capabilities of icon Aung San Suu Kyi.
Of Africa | 01/14/13
Wole Soyinka, Joanne J. Myers
In this masterful talk, Nobel-Prize winner Wole Soyinka focuses on Nigeria and Mali. Mali must be taken back, he declares. "To permit an enclave of extreme, violent fundamentalism [in Mali] is letting the door wide open to fundamentalist violence, not merely in Nigeria, but throughout West Africa."
Israel and Hamas: Time to Talk? | 12/17/12
Hamas is unlikely to ever become a partner for peace with Israel, but it can be a partner for coexistence, albeit a limited and uneasy coexistence. For Israelis and Palestinians this is surely better than no peace at all, which is, alas, the most likely scenario at present.
Global Ethics Corner: Justice For Some, But Not For All? | 12/17/12
Recent acquittals of Croat and Kosovo-Albanian officials in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia have left some doubting the UN court's impartiality. What implications could this have when it comes to fostering reconciliation in the Balkans?
Losing the Violence Monopoly | 11/28/12
The poisonous cocktail of widespread police and military brutality, increasingly lethal inter-communal ethnic violence in several regions, the anxious countdown to the March 2013 presidential elections, and uncertainty over the implementation of major constitutional reforms has transformed Kenya's security situation from precarious to explosive.