Search Results For:
Topic "collective security"
Timothy Garton Ash |
Timothy Garton Ash is Isaiah Berlin Professorial Fellow Professor of European Studies and honorary chair, St Antony's College European Studies Centre, University of Oxford.
Ethics in a Violent World (2005-2006) |
Focusing on the institutions regulating war and peace, this initiative engages scholars, policymakers, and concerned citizens through major public lectures, policy briefings, and journal articles.
Measuring Positive and Negative Peace with the Global Peace Index | 09/21/16
If you're running a business you need metrics to succeed, and it's the same with peace, says Steve Killelea, founder of the Global Peace Index. The Index provides empirical ways to measure both "negative peace"--the absence of violence and fear of violence--and "positive peace"-- attitudes, institutions, and structures which create and sustain peace.
Interview with Robert Sparrow on Autonomous Weapon Systems and Respect in Warfare | 08/16/16
Robert Sparrow, Adam Read-Brown
Professor Sparrow works on ethical issues raised by new technologies. Here he discusses Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS), often referred to as "killer robots." Unlike drones, which are remotely operated by humans, with AWS the robot itself determines who should live or die. What are the ethical arguments for and against these killing machines?
Japan's Relationship with its Past and Future | 07/26/16
Alexis Dudden, Devin T. Stewart
Prime Minister Abe is the leading member of the small but powerful group Nippon Kaigi, which wants to turn its back on the international community and return to Japanese traditions. It advocates restoring the emperor to the center of power, eradicating equal rights for women, and revising the Constitution. What are its chances of success?
Japan's Politics: A Move toward Nationalism or more of the Status Quo? | 07/14/16
Sheila A. Smith, Devin T. Stewart
Was Prime Minister Abe's landslide victory in the July elections a vote of confidence in his ability to jump-start Japan's stagnant economy, or simply a desire for stability? Will he use his majority to revise Japan's constitution? What is the mood of the country today, especially among young people? Find out from Japan scholar Sheila Smith.
A World History of Political Violence | 06/30/16
Rachel Kleinfeld, Devin T. Stewart
Rachel Kleinfeld discusses with Devin Stewart her research--which took her to five continents over the past three years--and forthcoming book on how violence is perpetuated and curtailed in societies around the world. Kleinfeld discusses the role of political power, corruption, law enforcement, leadership, and grassroots movements.
The July NATO Warsaw Summit: How Will NATO Adapt to a New Security Environment? | 06/17/16
Bartlomiej E. Nowak, Artur Kluz
Today NATO must protect itself from Russian threats on its Eastern borders and ISIS to the South, plus terrorism and cyber attacks, while also managing the flow of migration and patrolling the seas. Therefore the upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw is of paramount importance.
The Progressive's Paradox | 06/15/16
Can left-wing ideologies ever co-exist comfortably with military intervention? U.S. foreign policy over the past two decades has failed to align squarely with the two major domestic political parties—is the liberal/conservative distinction here a myth?
Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism | 03/28/16
David Kilcullen, David Shipley
ISIS consists of three interlocked threats and is quite different from al-Qaeda, says counterterrorism authority David Kilcullen. To come up with a workable strategy going forward, we have to understand exactly what went wrong in the years since 9/11 and admit that everyone bears part of the blame, from "reckless" Bush to "feckless" Obama.
What Went Wrong in the Arab Spring? | 02/15/16
Adam Roberts, Rashid Khalidi
In the early days of the Arab Spring, non-violent civil resistance helped topple authoritarian governments in Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen. Yet these apparent triumphs were followed by disasters. What went wrong? Was the problem rooted in the popular movements themselves, or in their societies? And what's the best way forward now?
The Unprecedented Jihadi Threat in Europe | 01/25/16
"At this very moment, ISIS is recruiting probably 100 people a week from all over the world, including this very country. So it is not a European problem, it is not an Arab issue; it is a global threat and global challenge. That is why I insist on the fact that the threat has to be dealt with at the source, which is basically Syria."
Violence All Around | 12/15/15
John Sifton, Joanne J. Myers
What is terrorism, and how is it different from other violence? How does technology affect rates of violence? How and when can nonviolence be effective? John Sifton of Human Rights Watch reflects on these issues and more, including the intersection between nonviolence and Christian Realism, as exemplified by his grandfather, Reinhold Niebuhr.
Sinai: Egypt's Linchpin, Gaza's Lifeline, Israel's Nightmare | 12/04/15
Mohannad Sabry, Joanne J. Myers
The Sinai, this crucial land bridge connecting Asia and Africa, has become a haven for transnational crime, fostering arms trafficking, smuggling through the tunnels into Gaza, and Islamic militancy. Courageous Egyptian journalist Mohannad Sabry gives us an inside look at the current situation, both in the Sinai and in Egypt as a whole.
Afghanistan and Pakistan: The Re-emergence of the Taliban and the Arrival of ISIS | 12/01/15
Ahmed Rashid, Barnett Rubin, Joanne J. Myers
Ahmed Rashid and Barnett Rubin dissect the complicated situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan--a region of many competing terrorist groups--and also comment on ISIS in the Middle East and Europe. ISIS is actually a war within Islam, declares Rashid, and the West's main task should be to help mobilize and unite the Muslim world to fight it.
Why France Should Not Close Its Borders | 11/16/15
Since September 11, 2001, both the U.S. and Europe have merged anti-terrorism strategies with immigration policy, and with little success.
Clip of the Month: Michael Weiss on the Morality of the American Fight Against ISIS | 10/21/15
Daily Beast senior editor Michael Weiss discusses the complexities of the U.S. fight against ISIS, including how it has fed into a conspiracy theory that Obama wants to "disenfranchise Sunnis," with the help of Iran and Russia.
ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror | 10/09/15
Michael Weiss, Joanne J. Myers
ISIS is often portrayed as a mysterious force that came out of nowhere. It's nothing of the kind. This grim, unforgettable talk gives us the full, terrifying story, from the initial mistakes made in Iraq to the carnage going on now in Syria. (The TV show made from this talk won a Telly award.)
NATO in the 21st Century: Addressing New and Urgent Challenges | 10/01/15
Douglas E. Lute, Joanne J. Myers
NATO is now in its third historical phase, says U.S. Ambassador to NATO Douglas Lute in this informative, useful talk. "There is now a sense that NATO faces maybe not just one threat, a newly aggressive, newly assertive Russia, but also concerns from the Southeast with ISIS and potentially from instability in the South across the Mediterranean as well."
Compromise and Rotten Compromises: A Reflection on the Iran Deal | 08/20/15
Joel H. Rosenthal
Ultimately, will the Iran nuclear deal be a good compromise or a rotten one? For an ethicist, one question lingers. Why did the American-led negotiators de-link the nuclear issue from every other issue? If the agreement enables Iran to pursue its most malign policies by other means, the deal may prove rotten after all.