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Topic "afghanistan war"
Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy | 10/15/14
What are the requirements for a liberal democracy? It's not just voting, says Fukuyama. It needs a distinction between public and private interest; rule of law; and accountability. Although the U.S. started off as a weak, corrupt state, it became a liberal democracy. Yet all political systems are subject to decay, and that's what's happening to the U.S. today.
A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire | 10/02/14
Roméo A. Dallaire, James Traub
In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
A Conversation with Law Professor and Columnist Rosa Brooks on Obama's Foreign Policy | 06/12/14
Rosa Brooks, James Traub
With an insider's perspective, Rosa Brooks candidly discusses U.S. foreign policy, from Kosovo to Afghanistan, Syria, and Ukraine, along with her views on Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. Would Clinton have made a better president?
The Invisible Casualties Of America's Longest Wars | 05/06/14
Molly O'Toole, Sylvana Rochet-Belleri
Did you know that one in three U.S. women veterans has been sexually assaulted? In 2013, even with about 85 percent of the assaults going unreported, they occurred at an average of more than 70 per day. Yet only about 35 percent of the reports went to court-martial proceedings.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Sebastian Junger | 03/18/14
Sebastian Junger, James Traub
Journalist Sebastian Junger knows about war from the inside: the horror and pain, the excitement and heightened awareness, and the fierce brotherhood between soldiers. In this moving conversation he talks about his life and work, and ponders on what everyone owes their country, whether they choose to fight or stay home.
"War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh | 02/28/14
Harold Hongju Koh, James Traub
As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
The Future of American Warfighting: Lessons of the Contemporary Battlefield | 02/27/14
Noah Shachtman, Patrick J. Mahaney, Jr., Ben FitzGerald
What are the ethical and legal questions raised by unmanned aerial vehicles, drones, and surveillance? How do they affect combatants, decision-makers, and civilians? An expert panel explores these crucial issues.
The Fog of Peace: The Human Face of Conflict Resolution | 02/25/14
The courageous Gianni Picco played a central role in negotiating the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, met with Saddam Hussein to bring an end to the Iran-Iraq War, and traveled to both Beirut and Tehran to rescue 11 hostages and 91 other prisoners. How did he do it? By treating adversaries as individuals, not just government representatives.
Rules of Engagement: The Legal, Ethical and Moral Challenges of the Long War | 02/13/14
Kenneth Anderson, Charles A. Blanchard, Robert Grenier
Can the drone campaign be legally and morally justified? What are the limits to the president's authority when it comes to targeted killing? Don't miss this discussion with Robert Grenier, former CIA counterterrorism director; Charles Blanchard, former general counsel of the U.S. Air Force; and Kenneth Anderson, professor of law at American University.
The Limits of Partnership: U.S.-Russian Relations in the 21st Century | 02/10/14
Sochi, Snowden, and Syria--these are just a few of the issues complicating the U.S.-Russian relationship, says Georgetown's Angela Stent in this dynamic and informed talk. But, because of Russia's strategic location, nuclear arsenal, and presence in the UN, it's a partnership worth working on.
The Future of Transatlantic Security Cooperation after 2014 | 01/07/14
Brian Hensarling, Marco Overhaus, Adam Jarosz, Matthew Kroenig, Zornitsa Stoyanova-Yerburgh, Thomas A. Walsh
2014 may be a turning point for transatlantic security cooperation. This paper identifies the three most relevant "drivers" in this regard: financial and resource constraints, a turn towards a more inward-looking perspective in EU and NATO capitals, and shifting power relations in the international system. The paper concludes with policy recommendations.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 12/19/13
Andrew Exum, James Traub
Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Dirty Wars" | 12/19/13
"Dirty Wars" chronicles the undeclared shadow wars fought across the globe in the name of American national security--as well as the highly secretive agencies who fight them. How many of our values can we afford to sacrifice in the name of national security? Will the "war on terror" ever end?
Ethics on Film: Discussion of "The Fifth Estate" | 12/03/13
"The Fifth Estate" tells the story of Julian Assange and his Wikileaks organization. Since the story is still ongoing, was it too early to make this film? What are Assange's motives--ethics, self-agrandizement, or both? How accurate is the film? At this point, perhaps only the two main characters know for sure.
The Constitution Project: Task Force Report on Detainee Treatment | 11/27/13
David Gushee, David R. Irvine
In many instances, U.S. forces used interrogation techniques which constitute torture; the nation's most senior officials bear ultimate responsibility; and there is no evidence that torture produced significant information of value. These are the unanimous conclusions of the task force on detainee treatment, as discussed here by two of its members.
Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Iron Man 3" | 10/21/13
So what can a blockbuster movie about a superhero tell us about current American attitudes towards U.S. foreign policy, PTSD, racial stereotypes, the War on Terror, and more? Read on and find out.
Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/07/13
Lawrence Korb, David C. Speedie
How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.
The Road to War: Presidential Commitments Honored and Betrayed | 10/04/13
The last declaration of war authorized by Congress was World War II, yet the U.S. has been entangled in many wars since. Why have presidents been allowed to sidestep Congress for the last 70 years? The U.S. should have an agreed-upon set of guidelines for going to war, says Marvin Kalb. It should not be left up to presidents to decide.
U.S. Policy on Iran and the Middle East: Where Do We Go From Here? | 09/27/13
Gary Sick, David C. Speedie
Are we on the brink of a new era in Iran-U.S. relations? Maybe. Iran expert Gary Sick discusses President Rouhani's UN speech, which took place just before this event, plus previous missed opportunities and the current possibilities of rapprochement. While condemning the regime, he sees an opening for constructive negotiations.
The Ethics of Preventive War: New Book from Global Ethics Fellow Deen Chatterjee | 09/19/13
In this book edited by Deen Chatterjee, 11 leading theorists debate the normative challenges of preventive war through the lens of important public and political issues of war and peace in the 21st century.