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Region "Sub-Saharan Africa"
Islamism: What It Means for the Middle East and the World | 04/25/16
Tarek Osman, Lisa Anderson
Until the mid-19th century, Islam was the sole basis of both political legitimacy and social identity across the Middle East. Islamists--a term that doesn't exist in Arabic--believe Islam should continue to be the region's primary identity. In opposition are nationalists and secularists who view Islamism as a serious threat. What will be the outcome?
New Paradigms for Refugee Camps and for Humanitarian Aid Itself | 04/22/16
Kilian Kleinschmidt, Stephanie Sy
Kilian Kleinschmidt describes how he, together with the refugees themselves, transformed the Zaatari refugee camp from what the media called a "hellhole of humanitarian aid" into a lively living space with shops and even fountains. Indeed, the entire aid paradigm needs to be transformed, says Kleinschmidt, and he offers innovative ways to do it.
The Geopolitics of the Iran Deal: Winners and Losers | 04/12/16
In the short term, one of the biggest winners in the Iran deal is China, and the biggest loser is Saudi Arabia. But 10, 15 years from now, we may see that the deal was a seminal factor in reintegrating Iran into the global political economy and strengthening civil society--making the U.S. and Europe the winners and countries like Russia and Syria the losers.
Fifth Instagram Take-Over: "The Jungle" Migrant Camp, Calais | 04/04/16
For its fifth Instagram take-over by photographers from around the world, Carnegie Council presents photos by Rob Pinney. For the past six months he has focused on the unfolding crisis in "The Jungle"—the migrant encampment outside Calais, France, which has become a temporary dwelling spot for migrants waiting to enter other parts of Europe.
Refugees on Turkey's Borders: Consequences of Chaos in Syria | 03/31/16
Over 4.8 million Syrians have become refugees, mostly in neighboring countries, and this is not the only displacement crisis around the globe, says Kirişci, an expert in Turkish foreign policy and migration studies. This troubling and informative talk raises both practical and ethical issues, not only for Turkey and its neighbors but for the entire world.
Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism | 03/28/16
David Kilcullen, David Shipley
ISIS consists of three interlocked threats and is quite different from al-Qaeda, says counterterrorism authority David Kilcullen. To come up with a workable strategy going forward, we have to understand exactly what went wrong in the years since 9/11 and admit that everyone bears part of the blame, from "reckless" Bush to "feckless" Obama.
Fourth Instagram Take-Over: Migrants, Greek-Macedonian (FYROM) Border | 03/10/16
For its fourth Instagram take-over by photographers from around the world, Carnegie Council presents Rena Effendi's moving photos of migrants along the Greek-Macedonian (FYROM) border. Effendi grew up in Azerbaijan and living through her country's path to independence during the chaotic '90s has strongly influenced her work.
A Conversation with Sarah Chayes on Corruption and Global Security | 03/04/16
Sarah Chayes, Stephanie Sy
Around the world from Afghanistan to Nigeria, systemic corruption is fueling instability, declares Sarah Chayes in this electrifying conversation. And the United States and other enablers are part of the problem. "If we don't prioritize corruption more—and that means here as well as there—the world is going to become an increasingly dangerous place."
The Refugee/Migrant Crisis | 03/01/16
Peter Sutherland, David Donoghue
The migrant/refugee crisis is a defining moral issue for our generation, declares Peter Sutherland, UN special representative on international migration. And proximity should not define responsibility. It's a global responsibility.
Measures for Nigeria to Reach the Objective "Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient, and Sustainable" in the Next 15 Years | 02/23/16
"I have always seen my dear country as the proverbial elephant up a tree: I do not understand how come it got there, but I sense it's surely going to fall," writes Nigerian student Agbeyo Temitope. Nevertheless, he believes the Sustainable Development Goals are achievable in Nigeria. His first concerns are eliminating terrorism and disease.
What Went Wrong in the Arab Spring? | 02/15/16
Adam Roberts, Rashid Khalidi
In the early days of the Arab Spring, non-violent civil resistance helped topple authoritarian governments in Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen. Yet these apparent triumphs were followed by disasters. What went wrong? Was the problem rooted in the popular movements themselves, or in their societies? And what's the best way forward now?
Can Wars Ever be Just or Are Wars Merely Justifiable?: The Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo | 02/05/16
From the standpoint of ethics of war, the conflict in the eastern region of the DRC would be deemed to be justifiable because it fills the criteria of war for a just reason and of legitimate war. On the other hand, in this ethical context as well we find ourselves not able to attribute any just qualities to the act of war, because war needs to preserve its independent identity.
Values and the Ethics of International Order | 01/28/16
At a time when U.S. primacy is in doubt, when many are concerned that China might become a global political power, when the threat of radical Islam goes hand in hand with anti-Western attitudes, the question of the right repertoire of values, along with the legitimacy and ethics of the international order, could not be more important.
International Holocaust Memorial Day, January 27: What We Can Still Learn | 01/26/16
Holocaust survivor Gene Klein: "On Holocaust Memorial Day we remember the suffering, death and destruction of the camps. This year I also ask you to make a human connection to today's refugees. When you see them on your television or in your community, try to walk in their shoes."
The Unprecedented Jihadi Threat in Europe | 01/25/16
"At this very moment, ISIS is recruiting probably 100 people a week from all over the world, including this very country. So it is not a European problem, it is not an Arab issue; it is a global threat and global challenge. That is why I insist on the fact that the threat has to be dealt with at the source, which is basically Syria."
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016 | 01/07/16
Ian Bremmer, Devin T. Stewart
Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist | 12/21/15
Ron Haviv, Randall Pinkston
From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
Will China Promote Autocracy along its New Silk Road? | 12/14/15
Mark Chou, Octavia Bryant
China's ambitious "One Belt One Road" project is planned to span across Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. It's estimated that it will affect the lives of 4.4 billion people and generate $2.1 trillion in gross production. Is this the beginning of a sinocentric "New Asian Order"--and would that be such a bad thing?
Sinai: Egypt's Linchpin, Gaza's Lifeline, Israel's Nightmare | 12/04/15
Mohannad Sabry, Joanne J. Myers
The Sinai, this crucial land bridge connecting Asia and Africa, has become a haven for transnational crime, fostering arms trafficking, smuggling through the tunnels into Gaza, and Islamic militancy. Courageous Egyptian journalist Mohannad Sabry gives us an inside look at the current situation, both in the Sinai and in Egypt as a whole.
Suchitra Vijayan on the Politics and Rhetoric of the Refugee Crisis | 12/03/15
Suchitra Vijayan, Alex Woodson
The co-founder of the Resettlement Legal Aid Project in Cairo during the Iraq War, Suchitra Vijayan discusses the refugee crisis from a legal, political, and humanitarian point of view. She details the remarkable empathy needed to work in the field and why the United States and Europe have an ethical responsibility to respond to the situation.