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Region "North Africa"
The Eleventh Hour: The Legacy and the Lessons of World War I | 03/24/15
Charles M. Sennott
One hundred years after the First World War, boundaries established after the armistice at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" still shape many of today's conflicts, from ISIS's invasion of Mosul to Boko Haram's kidnapping of schoolgirls. What lessons have we learned from WWI? Just as important, what have we still not learned?
Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Timbuktu" | 02/25/15
An extraordinary film, "Timbuktu" chronicles a brief period during the 2012 occupation of the ancient Malian city by the militant Islamic group Ansar Dine. What do these stories tell us about how extremism plays out on the ground, for both the occupied and the occupiers?
Secularism and Liberalism in the Middle East: Conversation with Ahed Al Hendi (Syria) and Faisal Al-Mutar (Iraq) | 02/20/15
David Keyes, Ahed Al Hendi, Faisal Saeed Al-Mutar
How can the international community help human rights activists on the front lines? David Keyes and two dissidents discuss practical steps individuals can take.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015 | 01/15/15
"The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
The Rise of ISIS: Implications for U.S. Strategy, Interests, and Values | 12/17/14
Audrey Kurth Cronin, Michèle Flournoy, Michael T. Flynn, Robert Ford
How did ISIS grow so quickly? What is the best strategy to overcome it and how long will it take? How should the U.S. deal with Syria and Iran? Is this the beginning of a complete restructuring of the Middle East? This in-depth analysis from an expert panel shows that there are no easy answers, and a long struggle lies ahead.
Strategies for Countering Violent Extremists | 12/05/14
Jean-Paul Laborde, Joanne J. Myers
Jean-Paul Laborde, executive director of the UN Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) discusses the role of the UN in countering terrorism worldwide.
Heirs to Forgotten Kingdoms: Journeys Into the Disappearing Religions of the Middle East | 11/19/14
Despite its reputation for religious intolerance, the Middle East has long sheltered many distinctive faiths. How are groups such as the Mandaeans and Yazidis of Iraq, the Zoroastrians of Iran, and the Copts of Egypt hanging on to their ancient traditions? How can we combat religious hatred?
A Conversation with David Keyes on Advancing Human Rights | 11/14/14
David Keyes, Andrew Nagorski
In the Soviet era, it was difficult to alert the world of what was happening to dissidents, says David Keyes. Today, however, there's an overload of information from YouTube and other sources and the challenge is how to overcome "human rights fatigue." He explains how crowd-sourcing and other means can get the word out.
Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings | 06/01/14
Frederic M. Wehrey
It's tempting to see today's Middle East conflicts as the continuation of centuries-old sectarian divisions, but Frederick Wehrey cautions against it. "Sectarianism is really a local institutional governance phenomenon that needs to be addressed through political reform in the Gulf, through ending discrimination, through greater participation in governance."
Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East | 04/15/14
What if a group decides democratically that they don't want to be liberal--that they want an "illiberal democracy"? Shadi Hamid argues that repression originally compelled Islamists to moderate their politics. But ironically, democratic openings pushed them back to their original fundamentalism, leaving no space for liberal norms such as women's rights.
"War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh | 02/28/14
Harold Hongju Koh, James Traub
As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
The Second Arab Awakening and the Battle for Pluralism | 01/28/14
Jordanian diplomat and scholar Marwan Muasher surveys the situation across the Arab world. He sees reasons for optimism in the long run, particularly in Tunisia, and makes a passionate call for pluralism, which he says is essential for democracy and prosperity.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 12/19/13
Andrew Exum, James Traub
Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
Mass Flourishing: How Grassroots Innovation Created Jobs, Challenge, and Change | 10/30/13
"America has strayed pretty far from the pioneer spirit captured by Willa Cather and the movie 'Shane,'" says Nobel Prize-winner Edmund Phelps. What happened? Phelps argues that since the 1960s, there has been a resurgence of certain traditional and anti-modern values. This has resulted in "a new corporatism," which stifles innovation.
Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/07/13
Lawrence Korb, David C. Speedie
How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.
Egypt Post Morsi: Why There Is No Reason to Hope for a Real Democratic Transition | 07/26/13
"The army is currently using the protests against Morsi to their benefit as they did in 2011 with the protests against Mubarak.... The only way out ... would be the creation of an emergency government of national unity in which all political protagonists would agree to partake," argues Global Ethics Fellow Jocelyne Cesari in the "Huffington Post."
Global Ethics Corner: Who Should Control Egypt's Water? | 06/24/13
As Ethiopia continues construction on the Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, Egyptian officials are worried about their water supply. Does Ethiopia have the right to affect another state's water? Should Egypt use military options if its supply is diminished?
Ethics Matter: Jeremy Scahill on the World as a Battlefield | 06/13/13
Jeremy Scahill, Marlene Spoerri
In the name of the "war on terror," the U.S. is conducting covert warfare and targeted killings, and it dismisses the resulting deaths of innocent civilians as "collateral damage." What are the ethical and practical repercussions of these policies? Jeremy Scahill's blistering talk ranges from Iraq to Afghanistan, Yemen, and Somalia.
Thought Leader: Brent Scowcroft | 06/12/13
Brent Scowcroft, Devin T. Stewart, Anna Kiefer
"More and more of the things that countries, nations, governments want to do for their citizens can't be done nationally. They have to reach out to others. So I think we're in a process of the uneasy interaction of these two. That gives me some hope for the future."
The World Through Arab Eyes: Arab Public Opinion and the Reshaping of the Middle East | 06/10/13
While domestic injustices and the information revolution were key factors, Dr. Telhami argues it's impossible to understand the Arab uprisings without also referring to foreign policy. "The dignity that they sought to restore in these uprisings was not only about their relationship with the rulers, but was about their relationship with the rest of the world."