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International treaties, including Conferences of the Parties, have been signed and global warming countermeasures are being proposed all over the world. Resources on this page are drawn from the Uehiro-Carnegie-Oxford Conference, "Global Warming: Environmental Ethics and Its Practice", which took place at Carnegie Council in New York in October 2015, with an international group of participants.
Environmental Values (1991-2002) |
This project consisted of two parts: a track two dialogue between Japanese and American negotiators and their academic advisers, involved with meetings leading up to the 1992 Earth Summit; and an international study examining values and their role in environmental policy-making in China, India, Japan and the United States.
Fighting for our Planet, the Only Home We Have: Earth Day, April 22, 2016 | 04/20/16
Will the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement be effective? Is it human nature to simply not be able to tackle the problem of climate change? How can we come together to fight for our planet? This collection of resources explores all these questions and more.
The Lonely Resistance: Protesting Chinese Resource Exploitation on the Tibetan Plateau | 03/14/16
Dukthen Kyi, Lynn Holland
China has dammed every major river in Tibet with many more dams in the planning stage. This and the pollution of waters through mining have created serious problems for Tibetans and those in neighboring countries. Despite political repression and profound isolation, Tibetans are struggling to make these dire conditions known to the rest of the world.
The Fight Against Climate Change | 02/23/16
"Climate change is happening," writes 15-year-old Dheera Vuppala. "Nine out of ten scientists say it is. The U.S. has to deal with it, so let's take the proper steps to fight it. Limiting industries' carbon emissions, lowering households' use of electricity, and researching and switching to renewable energy forms are only a few of those steps."
Sidelined at the Summit: Indigenous Peoples Ignored in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement | 01/25/16
It is no exaggeration to say that Indigenous Peoples are the frontline defenders in the fight against the forces perpetuating climate change. Yet despite lip-service about their importance, the richer, more powerful countries saw to it that Indigenous Peoples and their voices were largely unseen and unheard at the Paris Conference.
Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers | 11/18/15
Master storyteller, researcher, and traveler Simon Winchester takes us on a fascinating voyage through the Pacific, tying it all together with two ethical questions: Should the Americans and the Chinese have a level playing field? And should we respect the ways of the Pacific ancients?
Riverkeeper, Defending New York's Hudson River | 11/04/15
Riverkeeper fights to protect the Hudson and the drinking water for nine million New Yorkers. Paul Gallay relates three of its success stories, offering lessons for other communities. Whether working on a local level or tackling climate change on a global one, his advice is the same: be realistic, honest, and, above all, creative and courageous.
American Century, Asian Century, or Nobody's Century? | 11/02/15
Joshua Eisenman, Zachary Karabell, Jiyoung Song
Is the American century coming to a close, and if so, what's taking its place? Was there ever an American century to begin with? These questions have been around for at least a decade, but are still under debate. In this lively discussion, three experts with different perspectives give their opinions and forecasts for the future.
Population Ethics in the Time of Global Warming | 10/29/15
One of the most important insights to emerge slowly over the past hundred years is that the actions of the current generation could have profound and far-reaching effects for future generations. Stockholm University's Gustaf Arrhenius discusses some of the moral problems that arise from this line of thinking.
The Psychology and Ethics of the Tragedy of the Commons | 10/29/15
Oxford Uehiro Centre's Julian Savulescu reviews some of the psychological factors that contribute to the Tragedy of the Commons. He discusses some of the interventions that have been explored in Oxford harnessing psychological heuristics to increase cooperation and altruism, and explores the ethics of harnessing these forces to effect more moral behavior.
The TEIKEI Movement and Agricultural Ethics to Come: A Focus on the Paradigm Shift Advocated by People's Food Sovereignty | 10/29/15
Agricultural problems due to climate change, abnormal weather, water depletion, and the collapse of soil have become big problems in all parts of the world. Many are now focusing on ethics and family farming as a way to combat these issues. This paper takes a look at TEKKEI, the Japanese version of the alternative food movement.
Climate Change and Non-Identity | 10/28/15
Questions about how we should respond to climate change raise what Derek Parfit has called the non-identity problem: if we act now, this will also change who comes to exist in the future; if we fail to act, this won't harm future people since their very existence depends on our failure to act. Oxford Uehiro Centre's Guy Kahane outlines this problem and some of the main attempts to solve it.
Ethical Consequences of "Educations" Linked to Sustainability | 10/28/15
While many authors purport the importance of education in transforming values and empowering people to participate in environmental protection, some argue that education commonly reinforces mainstream culture and values, and is inherently embedded in the ideology of oppression. Hijacked by instrumental rationalization and utilitarianism, modern prevalent education seems to transcend values, which promote on-going market ideology rather than make efforts to create an expansive vision for a sustainable future.
Global Intimacy: How Do We Cultivate Care for Our "Place" when the Place is the Planet? | 10/28/15
Developing an understanding of the global implications of our daily actions such as energy and resource use is a challenge for all of us. For educators wishing to address these issues, matters are further complicated by the influence of globalized economies, marketing, media, and politics. University of Edinburgh's Peter Higgins explores these issues.
How to Live in the Anthropocene | 10/28/15
In 1997 a distinguished group of scientists published an influential article in which they concluded that "it is clear that we live on a human-dominated planet." Some scientists propose that we have entered a new geological era, the Anthropocene. NYU’s Dale Jamieson sketches a partial account of how to live in this new era, focusing on "green vitrues."
Is Climate Change One Problem? Culturally Particular Notions of Environmental Harm | 10/28/15
Drawing on research about the role of religious ideas and cultural traditions in addressing climate change, American University's Evan Berry concentrates on differences among concepts about what constitutes "environmental harm." He argues that different societies understand the impacts of climate change according to a complex mixture of universal and particularistic ethical values.
Re-considering the Sense of Responsibility in the Age of Climate Change | 10/28/15
Mitsuyo Toyoda focuses on the phenomena of flooding in Japan as an approach to consider ethical issues concerning climate change. Based on recent cases, she identifies various issues of responsibility involved in them and discusses how ethical issues are broadened after climate change began to be considered as anthropogenic.
Karenna Gore on Faith Communities and the Environment | 10/07/15
Karenna Gore, Stephanie Sy
Karenna Gore, daughter of Al Gore and director of the Center for Earth Ethics, discusses how faith communities (including indigenous peoples) are rallying to combat climate change; what she sees as a shift in consciousness in how we define success; and much more.
A Conversation on Climate Change with Conservation International's M. Sanjayan | 07/24/15
M. Sanjayan, Zach Dorfman
In late June, "Ethics & International Affairs" senior editor Zach Dorfman sat down with M. Sanjayan, senior scientist at Conservation International, at the Aspen Ideas Festival to discuss our climate-changed world, and why--on some days at least--he's hopeful about our environmental future.