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Allen Buchanan |
Allen Buchanan is the James B. Duke Professor of Philosophy, and investigator, Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University.
Jingo Unchained: What World War I Wrought | 04/17/14
When we think about the centenary of World War I in 2014, we should consider first and foremost what it has meant for the life of our republic, and how the corrosive actions of a few can have enormously outsized consequences for the rest of us. One hundred years later, we are still fighting for or against Woodrow Wilson's war.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Sebastian Junger | 03/18/14
Sebastian Junger, James Traub
Journalist Sebastian Junger knows about war from the inside: the horror and pain, the excitement and heightened awareness, and the fierce brotherhood between soldiers. In this moving conversation he talks about his life and work, and ponders on what everyone owes their country, whether they choose to fight or stay home.
Taking Effective and Practical Steps Regarding Ukraine | 03/11/14
M. Thomas Davis, Jeffrey D. McCausland
Putin's ultimate goal is to avoid having a Ukraine that is a Western outpost on his border. He needs to be shown that the policies he is now pursuing, if aggressively continued, will result in the very outcome he wants to avoid. The U.S. and its allies must take steps that create conditions and provide time for him to seriously think about it.
The Struggle for Iraq's Future: How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy | 03/10/14
In this bleak and revealing talk, Iraqi lawyer Zaid al-Ali provides an insider's analysis of Iraq's many failures of governance, from creating a constitution to providing Iraqis with jobs, electricity, and most of all safety.
Ethics, Law, and Armed Conflict | 03/05/14
This course examines legal and moral doctrines related to international armed conflict, including the right of states to resort to force and the rules governing the conduct of hostilities.
"War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh | 02/28/14
Harold Hongju Koh, James Traub
As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
Crisis in Ukraine: The View from Beyond Kiev | 02/24/14
Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie
This is the third in a series of Security Bulletins on the crisis in Ukraine, and here Dr. Nicolai N. Petro gives us a view from beyond Kiev, from Odessa in the country's South. He explains the various political factions and warns about the danger of right-wing nationalism--not overnight, perhaps, but over the long term.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 12/19/13
Andrew Exum, James Traub
Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Dirty Wars" | 12/19/13
"Dirty Wars" chronicles the undeclared shadow wars fought across the globe in the name of American national security--as well as the highly secretive agencies who fight them. How many of our values can we afford to sacrifice in the name of national security? Will the "war on terror" ever end?
The Constitution Project: Task Force Report on Detainee Treatment | 11/27/13
David Gushee, David R. Irvine
In many instances, U.S. forces used interrogation techniques which constitute torture; the nation's most senior officials bear ultimate responsibility; and there is no evidence that torture produced significant information of value. These are the unanimous conclusions of the task force on detainee treatment, as discussed here by two of its members.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Online Activist Ricken Patel | 11/22/13
Ricken Patel, James Traub
A brilliant student, Ricken Patel could have had a stellar career in any field he wished. Instead he chose to live among the poor in some of the world's most dangerous places, and ultimately founded Avaaz, a successful activist organization with more than 30 million members. Learn more about Patel and Avaaz in this remarkable interview.
No Ordinary Men: New Book by Former Carnegie Council Trustee Elisabeth Sifton and Historian Fritz Stern | 11/13/13
Very few Germans took the risk of actively opposing Hitler's tyranny and terror, and fewer still did so to protect the sanctity of law and faith. In "No Ordinary Men," Elisabeth Sifton and Fritz Stern focus on two remarkable, courageous men who did: Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Hans von Dohnanyi.
Citizenship Within and Across Nations | 11/12/13
Kwame Anthony Appiah
Philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah explores the role of civic honor, and its negative counterpart, shame, in shaping the political behavior of individuals and of nations, and in particular, in shaping the moral dimensions of political behavior.
Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/07/13
Lawrence Korb, David C. Speedie
How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.
The Road to War: Presidential Commitments Honored and Betrayed | 10/04/13
The last declaration of war authorized by Congress was World War II, yet the U.S. has been entangled in many wars since. Why have presidents been allowed to sidestep Congress for the last 70 years? The U.S. should have an agreed-upon set of guidelines for going to war, says Marvin Kalb. It should not be left up to presidents to decide.
Syria and the Just Use of Force Short of War | 09/25/13
The Obama administration has spoken of punishing the Assad regime, of deterring future attacks, of reinforcing the norm against chemical weapons use, and of diminishing the regime's military capabilities. Consistently, these threats have been framed in the language of force short of war. How do we judge if such an action is morally justified?
The Ethics of Preventive War: New Book from Global Ethics Fellow Deen Chatterjee | 09/19/13
In this book edited by Deen Chatterjee, 11 leading theorists debate the normative challenges of preventive war through the lens of important public and political issues of war and peace in the 21st century.
Deciding When to Use Force for Humane Reasons | 09/19/13
Following Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff's op-ed in the "New York Times" on what he terms "the duty to protect" civilians in Syria, the "Times" published two letters responding to his article. Both authors take issue with Ignatieff's assertion that military action can legitimately be carried out without approval from the United Nations.
"Kant and the End of War: A Critique of Just War Theory" by Howard Williams; and "Kant and Cosmopolitanism: The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship" by Pauline Kleingeld | 09/18/13
These new books, by two of the foremost contemporary scholars of Kant's political philosophy, deal extensively with the theme of international peace.