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Process or End Goal: When to Begin Genocide Prevention | 01/05/17
"This discussion ultimately will help the public to understand that preventative actions need to take place if violence is to be thwarted. We can't wait until we are in the midst of a war to resolve conflict."
The Last Supper: The Plight of Christians in Arab Lands | 05/02/16
Klaus Wivel, James Kirchick
There are 7.5 million Christians in the Middle East, who live under constant threat of death and humiliation. Danish journalist Klaus Wivel (not a Christian himself) asks: What is the story on the ground and why are so few journalists covering it? Why aren't we in the West doing more to defend the human rights of this beleaguered minority?
Legacies and Prospects of Joint Criminal Enterprises in Europe | 04/14/16
In March 2016, former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic was convicted of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. Of course, this is a positive step. Yet punishing individuals while preserving the culture and society that allowed them to commit crimes in the first place seems close to pointless.
The Reduction of Mass Atrocity Crimes in Southeast Asia, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), and the Individual Responsibility to Protect (IR2P) | 01/22/16
For a variety of reasons, Southeast Asia has experienced a significant reduction in mass atrocity crimes in the last 30 years. Frank suggests that R2P and the individual responsibility to protect (IR2P, advanced by Edward Luck and Dana Luck), when yoked, can help entrench, sustain, and strengthen norms that help prevent mass atrocity crimes.
Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist | 12/21/15
Ron Haviv, Randall Pinkston
From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
Carnegie Council Celebrates Third Edition of "Ethics and Statecraft: The Moral Dimension of International Affairs," October 2015 | 10/30/15
This collection of essays uses challenging cases from modern history to illuminate the most pressing moral question facing decision-makers today: how to reconcile competing claims of national security, human rights, and the use of force.
Ethics on Film: Discussion of "Schindler's List" | 09/01/15
It's almost impossible to grasp the enormity of the Holocaust, and there's also the danger of regarding it as a one-time occurrence in the distant past. "Schindler's List" is a powerful tool for teaching about the Holocaust, genocide, good and evil, and the question of individual accountability. "What would I have done?" "What am I doing now to stop injustice?"
A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire | 10/02/14
Roméo A. Dallaire, James Traub
In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
Ethical Issues for Today (1996) | 09/18/14
What is the difference between ethics and law? Unlike the law, ethics involves other people, says Elie Wiesel, in this powerful, moving, and wide-ranging talk in 1996. We must be sensitive to the needs of others and constantly ask ourselves if we are doing enough to stand up for victims and care for others, both compatriots and strangers.
War and Reconciliation in the Twentieth-Century Balkans | 09/03/14
What are the remedies for the endless cycles of violence in the Balkans? Croatian historian Ivo Banac examines various solutions that have been tried and found wanting, to some extent, and concludes with another possibility.
Sarajevo Panel Discussion | 09/03/14
Dalija Hasanbegovic, Mustafa Cerić, Ivo Banac, Michael Ignatieff, Adam Roberts, David Rodin, Joel H. Rosenthal, George Rupp
In this wide-ranging conversation, participants from the Sarajevo Symposium discuss the past, present, and future of the former Yugoslav states with a focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina. How can private citizens and governments work together to build a more pluralistic society?
Sarajevo: Perspectives from a Carnegie New Leader | 08/18/14
Conor Moran, a member of the Carnegie Council Centennial delegation, shares some complex thoughts on the city of Sarajevo and the nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 years after World War I and 20 years after the Yugoslav Wars. How can this part of the world move on from its troubled history?
We Have a Plan: From Sarajevo to Baghdad | 06/26/14
Joel H. Rosenthal
How should we mark the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the event that led to WWI? Here in Sarajevo, remembering its tragic history at both the beginning and end of the 20th century, it's clear that passivity in the face of instability is not an answer. But it's equally clear that we should be humble about remedies.
A Conversation with Law Professor and Columnist Rosa Brooks on Obama's Foreign Policy | 06/12/14
Rosa Brooks, James Traub
With an insider's perspective, Rosa Brooks candidly discusses U.S. foreign policy, from Kosovo to Afghanistan, Syria, and Ukraine, along with her views on Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. Would Clinton have made a better president?
Lest We Forget: The 20th Anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide | 04/04/14
As we remember this tragedy when so many innocent Rwandans died, we must examine why genocide occurs, and learn how to prevent such atrocities from happening again. Are we ignoring ongoing genocides today? Are the victims and their families receiving justice? These resources provide a guide not only to the past, but to the present and future.
"Watchers of the Sky": Film Screening & Conversation with Luis Moreno-Ocampo | 04/02/14
Luis Moreno-Ocampo, Eddie Mandhry
What are the challenges facing the International Criminal Court? How can it be more effective? Former ICC prosecutor Moreno-Ocampo explains.
No Ordinary Men: Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Hans von Dohnanyi, Resisters Against Hitler in Church and State | 03/31/14
Elisabeth Sifton, Fritz Stern
Sifton and Stern tell the story of two of the most courageous opponents of the Nazi regime, pastor and theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer and lawyer Hans von Dohnányi. From the earliest days of Nazism, both men perceived the threats, documented them, and plotted to overthrow Hitler. And they paid with their lives.
An Ambassador's Reflections on a Bloodbath | 03/07/14
Thomas Patrick Melady (1927-2014)
Everyone knows of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, when Hutus massacred Tutsis. But few have heard of the 1972 genocide in neighboring Burundi, when Tutsis slaughtered 80,000-210,000 Hutus. U.S. Ambassador Melady was an eyewitness. In this 1974 article, he discusses Burundi and other countries where hostile groups live side by side.
Ethics, Law, and Armed Conflict | 03/05/14
This course examines legal and moral doctrines related to international armed conflict, including the right of states to resort to force and the rules governing the conduct of hostilities.
The Unsung Hero Who Coined the Term "Genocide" | 09/21/13
In this "The New Republic" piece, Centennial Chair Michael Ignatieff recounts the life of Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term "genocide." A Jewish, Polish law scholar who immigrated to the United States in 1941, Lemkin made it his life's project to "save future generations from the genocidal furies that had claimed his own family."