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The Eleventh Hour: The Legacy and the Lessons of World War I | 03/24/15
Charles M. Sennott
One hundred years after the First World War, boundaries established after the armistice at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" still shape many of today's conflicts, from ISIS's invasion of Mosul to Boko Haram's kidnapping of schoolgirls. What lessons have we learned from WWI? Just as important, what have we still not learned?
Secularism and Liberalism in the Middle East: Conversation with Ahed Al Hendi (Syria) and Faisal Al-Mutar (Iraq) | 02/20/15
David Keyes, Ahed Al Hendi, Faisal Saeed Al-Mutar
How can the international community help human rights activists on the front lines? David Keyes and two dissidents discuss practical steps individuals can take.
Heirs to Forgotten Kingdoms: Journeys Into the Disappearing Religions of the Middle East | 11/19/14
Despite its reputation for religious intolerance, the Middle East has long sheltered many distinctive faiths. How are groups such as the Mandaeans and Yazidis of Iraq, the Zoroastrians of Iran, and the Copts of Egypt hanging on to their ancient traditions? How can we combat religious hatred?
A Conversation with David Keyes on Advancing Human Rights | 11/14/14
David Keyes, Andrew Nagorski
In the Soviet era, it was difficult to alert the world of what was happening to dissidents, says David Keyes. Today, however, there's an overload of information from YouTube and other sources and the challenge is how to overcome "human rights fatigue." He explains how crowd-sourcing and other means can get the word out.
Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East | 06/23/14
How did the Arab Revolt and Lawrence of Arabia shape the Middle East? And how are Lawrence's actions of a century ago still being felt today?
Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings | 06/01/14
Frederic M. Wehrey
It's tempting to see today's Middle East conflicts as the continuation of centuries-old sectarian divisions, but Frederick Wehrey cautions against it. "Sectarianism is really a local institutional governance phenomenon that needs to be addressed through political reform in the Gulf, through ending discrimination, through greater participation in governance."
Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the Front Lines | 05/13/14
Joel Simon, Jacob Weisberg
Journalists have always faced attacks on their freedom to report stories and often on their physical safety as well. Now they face a new threat: digital surveillance. Electronic spying means that journalists cannot protect their sources, and undermines the public's confidence in the media's ability to operate without government interference.
The Awakening of Muslim Democracy: New Book by Global Ethics Fellow Jocelyne Cesari | 04/24/14
Why and how did Islam become such a political force in so many Muslim-majority countries? Cesari investigates the relationship between modernization, politics, and Islam in Muslim-majority countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Tunisia, and Turkey--countries that were founded by secular rulers and have since undergone secularized politics.
Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East | 04/15/14
What if a group decides democratically that they don't want to be liberal--that they want an "illiberal democracy"? Shadi Hamid argues that repression originally compelled Islamists to moderate their politics. But ironically, democratic openings pushed them back to their original fundamentalism, leaving no space for liberal norms such as women's rights.
The Secret of Political Jiu-Jitsu | 03/05/14
Mladen Joksic, Srdja Popovic
"While oppression may appear to be a display of the government's power, skilled activists know that it's actually a sign of weakness."
2nd Prize High School Category, "Moral Leadership" Essay Contest, 2013 | 01/31/14
"It may be yet another morning in Fairfax, Virginia, but there is yet another massacre happening in Egypt. In Syria. In Somalia. The world is, now more than ever, desperately in need of moral leadership to stop these atrocities from happening."
The Second Arab Awakening and the Battle for Pluralism | 01/28/14
Jordanian diplomat and scholar Marwan Muasher surveys the situation across the Arab world. He sees reasons for optimism in the long run, particularly in Tunisia, and makes a passionate call for pluralism, which he says is essential for democracy and prosperity.
The Future of Transatlantic Security Cooperation after 2014 | 01/07/14
Brian Hensarling, Marco Overhaus, Adam Jarosz, Matthew Kroenig, Zornitsa Stoyanova-Yerburgh, Thomas A. Walsh
2014 may be a turning point for transatlantic security cooperation. This paper identifies the three most relevant "drivers" in this regard: financial and resource constraints, a turn towards a more inward-looking perspective in EU and NATO capitals, and shifting power relations in the international system. The paper concludes with policy recommendations.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 12/19/13
Andrew Exum, James Traub
Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
The Fate of Cultural Property in Wartime: Why it Matters and What Should Be Done | 09/17/13
Jennifer Otterson Mollick
Cultural property protection in conflict is often neglected as people argue that the lives of individuals in warzones are far more important than old buildings, pots, and books. However, it is not a question of prioritizing. We must not dismiss cultural property protection in conflicts as secondary to humanitarian tragedy, but as part of the effort to save humanity.
Egypt Post Morsi: Why There Is No Reason to Hope for a Real Democratic Transition | 07/26/13
"The army is currently using the protests against Morsi to their benefit as they did in 2011 with the protests against Mubarak.... The only way out ... would be the creation of an emergency government of national unity in which all political protagonists would agree to partake," argues Global Ethics Fellow Jocelyne Cesari in the "Huffington Post."
Global Ethics Corner: Who Should Control Egypt's Water? | 06/24/13
As Ethiopia continues construction on the Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, Egyptian officials are worried about their water supply. Does Ethiopia have the right to affect another state's water? Should Egypt use military options if its supply is diminished?
The World Through Arab Eyes: Arab Public Opinion and the Reshaping of the Middle East | 06/10/13
While domestic injustices and the information revolution were key factors, Dr. Telhami argues it's impossible to understand the Arab uprisings without also referring to foreign policy. "The dignity that they sought to restore in these uprisings was not only about their relationship with the rulers, but was about their relationship with the rest of the world."
Dictator Month Kickoff: Laughtivism—How Humor is Transforming Non-Violent Struggle | 06/04/13
Carnegie Council Grants Manager Mladen Joksic's co-authored piece launched Movements.org's dictator appreciation month. An earlier version appeared in "Foreign Policy," titled "Why Dictators Don't Like Jokes."
Why Dictators Don't Like Jokes | 04/09/13
Srdja Popovic, Mladen Joksic
Pro-democracy activists around the world are discovering that humor is one of the most powerful weapons in the fight against authoritarianism.