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A Conversation with Robert Quinn on Scholars at Risk | 02/24/17 Scholars at Risk provides temporary teaching positions and advisory services to hundreds of threatened scholars around the world. Quinn describes how its caseload has doubled recently, largely because of Syria and Turkey. He also discusses challenges for U.S. colleges, from fake news, to Trump's immigration policies, to free speech on campuses.
The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics | 02/23/17 How exactly should we define populism? What led to its current resurgence in Europe and the United States, on both the right and the left? And in particular, how can we explain the Trump phenomenon? For answers, don't miss this fascinating discussion with author and journalist John Judis.
Alexander Görlach on Threats to Liberal Democracy | 02/23/17 In this wide-ranging and lively discussion, Alexander Görlach, founder of the debate magazine "The European," tackles the rise of populism and the far right in Europe, Brexit, the results of the U.S. election, the refugee crisis, and more.
Clip of the Month: A Populist in the White House with John B. Judis | 02/22/17 Journalist John B. Judis discusses what it might actually mean to have a populist in the White House. Will President Trump be able to seize the momentum that won him the election or, like Syriza in Greece, will he disappoint his supporters and become, in effect, the "Establishment" that he railed against? Judis also invokes the dark days of 1920s and 1930s and lays out a frightening scenario.
Europe's Last Chance: Why the European States Must Form a More Perfect Union | 02/02/17 To avoid disaster, the EU needs to become a real federation, argues Guy Verhofstadt. "That means a small, real European government controlled by two bodies, a parliament representing the citizens and a senate representing the Member States, with a real budget, with a defense union--with everything that is needed to make the Union more effective."
Clip of the Month: The Geopolitical Recession with Ian Bremmer | 01/18/17 Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart speaks with Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer about his company's top political risk forecast for the coming year and how scenarios, such as conflict over North Korea, could lead to the first great power conflict in years. Bremmer warns that the world has entered a "geopolitical recession," the likes of which we have not seen since World War II. "It's time to worry," concludes Bremmer.
Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist's Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations | 01/18/17 From massive leaps in technology to ever-increasing globalization to the acceleration of climate change, workplace, politics, geopolitics, and ethics are all going through tectonic shifts. Why is this happening? Why was 2007 such a turning point and what's next? Thomas Friedman makes sense of it all, and offers hope going forward.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2017 | 01/10/17 The world is entering a geopolitical recession, i.e. an unwinding of the old global order, says political scientist Ian Bremmer, in his grimmest forecast ever. Topics include the potential challenges from a Trump administration, President Obama's legacy of a more fractured world, human rights in the Middle East, and the fate of liberalism.
GroundTruth's Charles Sennott on the Future of Journalism | 01/06/17 Despite all the challenges, right now is one of the most exciting moments for a new generation to redefine journalism, says Charles Sennott. The core goals of great journalism will never change--being there on the ground, giving voice to the voiceless--but the way we can push stories out through social media is extraordinary.
Women's Rights are Human Rights: Global Challenges to Reproductive Health | 01/05/17 How will the Trump presidency affect women's rights, not only in the U.S. but around the world? Will the Sustainable Development Goals really succeed in improving women's health and reducing gender inequalities? Emotions run high on these issues. How can we find common ground? Don't miss this important discussion.
Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion | 01/04/17 We often think that empathy, our capacity "to feel someone's pain," is the ultimate source of goodness. Nothing could be farther from the truth, argues psychology professor Paul Bloom. Scientific studies show that empathy is a capricious and irrational emotion that can cloud people's judgement and even lead to violence and cruelty.
Clip of the Month: A Beginner's Guide to Geoengineering with Janos Pasztor | 12/14/16 As the impact of climate change becomes more apparent, some are considering the possibilities of geoengineering. This is defined as large-scale human intervention with the Earth in order to change the climate. It can take the form of methods mimicking nature such as planting trees at very large scales, but can also entail much more radical processes, like managing solar radiation. In the coming years, Carnegie Council will be exploring this issue through an initiative led by Janos Pasztor, advisor to the UN secretary-general on climate change. This initiative is neither necessarily for nor against geoengineering. Its objective is to advocate for the development of governance frameworks, as well as for expanded research on such techniques, including their environmental, social, and economic impacts. In this clip, Pasztor gives journalist Stephanie Sy a beginner's introduction to geoengineering and explains one of these astonishing techniques in detail.
Artificial Intelligence: What Everyone Needs to Know | 12/08/16 We're asking the wrong questions about artificial intelligence, says AI expert Jerry Kaplan. Machines are not going to take over the world. They don't have emotions or creativity. They are just able to process large amounts of data and draw logical conclusions. These new technologies will bring tremendous advances--along with new ethical and practical issues.
Perceptions of Muslims and Islam in the U.S. in Light of Trump's Victory | 11/30/16 What will Trump's victory mean for American Muslims? How have attitudes towards them changed over the years? (The answer may surprise you.) How does this moment compare to the "Red Scare" of WWI and after? And how can U.S. Muslims counter any hate that may arise? Don't miss this enlightening discussion.
Clip of the Month: American Muslims and the Trump Administration with Juan Cole | 11/22/16 The election of Donald Trump was a shock to the American political system and, in its wake, many are deeply concerned about what his ascendancy will mean for the civil rights of minority groups. History Professor Juan Cole, an expert on the relationship between the Muslim world and the West, details how talk of a "Muslim ban" on the campaign trail could be turned into policy in the White House, ushering in a new era of Jim Crow-style laws in the United States.
Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle over Islam Is Reshaping the World | 11/09/16 Many liberals hope that Islam will follow the same trajectory as Christianity and the West: a reformation and eventually secularization. But we should beware of assuming that all societies will follow the same path, says Shadi Hamid. Indeed, he has come to the reluctant conclusion that Islam will be resistant to secularization for a long time to come.
Powerplay: The Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia | 11/02/16 Why is there no NATO for Asia? After World War II, why did the United States opt for bilateral relationships with countries like Japan and South Korea? As Georgetown's Victor Cha explains, this was a "powerplay" by the Americans to contend with a "dangerous" and complex East Asia. Does this arrangement still make sense today?
Peacemakers in Action: An In-depth Discussion of Religious Peacebuilding | 10/31/16 Don't miss this remarkable conversation with Joyce Dubensky, CEO of Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding, and one of Tanenbaum's peacemakers, Rev. Bill Lowrey, who spent a decade in South Sudan. They explain the work of Tanenbaum's international network of peacemakers--the people on the ground who never quit.
The Constitution Today: Timeless Lessons for the Issues of Our Era | 10/27/16 BC--before the Constitution--the history of the world was the history of kings, emperors, and tsars. AD--after the document--the world would never be the same again, says Constitutional law scholar Akhil Reed Amar. And the Constitution is particularly important in a fraught presidential election like this one.
Karen Greenberg on Terrorism and "Rogue Justice" | 10/26/16 What attracts young people to terrorism? Targeted killings, indefinite detention, mass surveillance--have Americans allowed too much power to be vested in the presidency? How are different governments grappling with the tension between civil rights and security? Security expert Karen Greenberg discusses these difficult questions.
Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World | 10/21/16 In today's connected world--a "cosmopolis" dominated by the "four superpowers" Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon--what we need is to have more but also better free speech, declares Garton Ash. The West, particularly the U.S., should strive to promote global free speech, and we must foster a "robust civility" despite our differences.
How to Achieve Military Victory and Maintain National and Personal Ethics | 10/20/16 Moshe Yaalon: "Military excellence has handed us an advantage on the battlefield, but this edge can only be maintained if we preserve our ethical superiority. And as the war on terror develops and intensifies, so must our determination to deliver an unequivocal moral response to the challenges it brings."
Clip of the Month: The Significance of the 2016 Election with Akhil Reed Amar | 10/19/16 Yale Law professor Akhil Reed Amar explains why the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election is so important—and it's not just because we have one very unusual candidate. It's because, he says, for the first time since 1864, "all four of the major branches of federal power are up for grabs. We are on a knife's edge."
Major Security Challenges for the Next President | 10/13/16 Afghanistan, terrorism, U.S.-Russia relations: Col. McCausland gives an expert analysis of all these security challenges and more. Yet he concludes on a hopeful note: "We need to remember that we are a great country. There are a lot of reasons to be optimistic. We endured in the past and by golly, we're going to endure in the future."
The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence | 10/06/16 From driverless cars to lethal autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence will soon confront societies with new and complex ethical challenges. What's more, by 2034, 47 percent of U.S. jobs, 69 percent of Chinese jobs, and 75 percent of Indian jobs could all be done by machines. How should societies cope and what role should global governance play?
Kumi Naidoo on Human Rights and the Impact of Climate Change | 10/05/16 Kumi Naidoo's activism began at 15 years old, when he risked his life to protest against apartheid in his native South Africa. The former Greenpeace executive hasn't stopped since. Learn more about this inspiring man and find out why he considers climate change to be the most important human rights issue of our time.
Is Successful Integration Possible? Best Practices from North America and Europe | 09/27/16 How can societies help migrants integrate into the schools, work forces, and cultures of their new communities? In a partnership with the Government of Catalonia, this distinguished panel describes concrete ways that communities can cast aside their fears and create, as Secretary Omoros puts it, "a balance between diversity and integration."
Clip of the Month: Stephen M. Walt on Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton | 09/27/16 Harvard's Stephen M. Walt offers a pointed, at times trenchant, analysis of the consequences of electing a President Clinton or Trump. Of Secretary Clinton, he predicts a domestically focused agenda that would likely preclude foreign policy adventurism. Of a Trump presidency, he warns of a "social science experiment of historic proportions," given a knowledge and experience vacuum.
U.S. Elections & Brexit: Can Liberalism Survive? | 09/15/16 Why are liberal values eroding across the world? Will this continue? Realist Stephen Walt says maybe not, if the U.S. can set a good example at home and engage in less military interventions abroad. But although Nikolas Gvosdev of the U.S. Naval War College wants to be hopeful, he strikes a more pessimistic note.
Time to Wake Up | 06/30/16 "The story of our failure on climate change is a story of our failure to understand the truly manipulative and evil effects of money in politics," declares Senator Whitehouse. "It's being deployed right now. You undo Citizens United and we will have a bill in a month."
Clip of the Month: The Politics of Climate Change with Senator Sheldon Whitehouse | 06/27/16 Each week, Sheldon Whitehouse, the two-term senator from Rhode Island, rises on the Senate floor to alert his colleagues to emergency of climate change and the dangers of doing nothing. With over 135 speeches on the subject already, Sen. Whitehouse has said that as long as the atmosphere continues to warm, ice continues to melt, seas rise and acidify, he promises to talk about climate change. In this clip, Sen. Whitehouse discusses with Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Ted Widmer some of the specific problems that he faces on his quest as he navigates through the worlds of big business, lobbying, and politics.
The Needs of Refugee Women and Children in the Global Humanitarian Crisis | 06/25/16 In this powerful talk, executive director Sarah Costa explains the work of the Women's Refugee Commission, and discusses the current crisis. The numbers are staggering: one in 122 people across the world have been forced to flee, and the majority are women and children. The average length of displacement is 20 years. What can be done to help?
The Invention of Russia: The Journey from Gorbachev’s Freedom to Putin’s War | 06/16/16 When the Soviet Union fell 25 years ago, Gorbachev spoke of "living in a new world" where Russia would no longer interfere in other countries' affairs. What happened? In this riveting talk, Russia expert Arkady Ostrovsky analyzes the powerful role of the media, noting that Putin did an extraordinary thing: "he merged security services with the media."
Panama Papers in Perspective: Tracing Illicit Capital Flows | 06/15/16 In this Institute of Current World Affairs speech on May 20, with the sensational revelations from the "Panama Papers" still emerging, Krishen Mehta, a longtime friend and supporter of Carnegie Council, explained how $30 trillion in illicit capital flows to secret jurisdictions keep poor countries mired in poverty and increase global insecurity for everyone.
The Next Pandemic: On the Front Lines Against Humankind's Gravest Dangers | 06/08/16 In over 20 years at the CDC, Dr. Ali Khan battled Ebola, SARS, and other deadly diseases. But, as he reveals in this fascinating talk, what really worries him is the effect that political and social factors can have on fighting these outbreaks. With Zika emerging as the newest threat, what can governments--and individuals--do to be better prepared?
Return to Cold War | 06/02/16 Columbia's Robert Legvold argues that the United States and Russia are, indeed, in a new Cold War with plenty of blame for both sides. And despite its economic and military decline, he says that Russia is still the most important nation when it comes to U.S. foreign policy. Can the two states find a way forward?
Threats and Opportunities on the Korean Peninsula | 05/26/16 "Simply put, North Korea still needs to go a long way to achieve sophisticated levels of mid- to long-range nuclear missiles," declares Consul General Gheewan Kim. In this in-depth discussion, the panelists explore the current situation on the Korean peninsula, the role of China and the U.S., and opportunities for unification of the North and the South.
Clip of the Month: Working toward Korean Unification with Sue Mi Terry | 05/24/16 Although tensions with North Korea continue to escalate, some, including South Korean President Park, still see the unification of the Korean Peninsula as a real possibility. In this clip, Sue Mi Terry, one of the world's top experts on Korea, discusses the immense challenges and the possible positive impacts of a united Korea, especially in the human rights realm. But first, she says, "Washington's policy can no longer be limited to just de-nuclearization."
A Rage for Order: The Middle East in Turmoil, from Tahrir Square to ISIS | 05/17/16 In this memorable conversation, "New York Times" journalists Robert Worth and Roger Cohen discuss Worth's latest book about the Arab Spring and its aftermath. Was its collapse inevitable? Could/should the U.S. have done more, especially regarding Syria? Despite all, Worth concludes the talk on a hopeful note.
The Last Supper: The Plight of Christians in Arab Lands | 05/04/16 There are 7.5 million Christians in the Middle East, who live under constant threat of death and humiliation. Danish journalist Klaus Wivel (not a Christian himself) asks: What is the story on the ground and why are so few journalists covering it? Why aren't we in the West doing more to defend the human rights of this beleaguered minority?
Islamism: What It Means for the Middle East and the World | 04/28/16 Until the mid-19th century, Islam was the sole basis of both political legitimacy and social identity across the Middle East. Islamists--a term that doesn't exist in Arabic--believe Islam should continue to be the region's primary identity. In opposition are nationalists and secularists who view Islamism as a serious threat. What will be the outcome?
A Conversation with Krista Tippett on Becoming Wise | 04/27/16 What does it mean to be human, and how do we want to live? "We possess intelligence. We possess consciousness. And we have this capacity as human beings to take this further step to become wise, which leavens intelligence and I think has an ability to advance evolution in the direction we want it to go."
Eurasianism and the European Far Right: Book Launch and Update on Events in Europe | 04/26/16 "Eurasianism and the European Far Right" is the culmination of an intensive two-year project spearheaded by the Council's U.S. Global Engagement Program. This expert panel from France, Hungary, and the United States examines the complex spectrum of the European far right and its connections with Russia and with the U.S.
New Paradigms for Refugee Camps and for Humanitarian Aid Itself | 04/22/16 Kilian Kleinschmidt describes how he, together with the refugees themselves, transformed the Zaatari refugee camp from what the media called a "hellhole of humanitarian aid" into a lively living space with shops and even fountains. Indeed, the entire aid paradigm needs to be transformed, says Kleinschmidt, and he offers innovative ways to do it.
Clip of the Month: Tools for Becoming Wise with Krista Tippett | 04/20/16 Award-winning broadcaster and author Krista Tippett discusses how to use "spiritual technologies"—backed up by neuroscience—that are available to all of us in our everyday lives. "We possess intelligence. We possess consciousness," says Tippett in this inspiring clip. "And we have this capacity as human beings to take this further step to become wise, which leavens intelligence and I think has an ability to advance evolution in the direction we want it to go."
The Geopolitics of the Iran Deal: Winners and Losers | 04/15/16 In the short term, one of the biggest winners in the Iran deal is China, and the biggest loser is Saudi Arabia. But 10, 15 years from now, we may see that the deal was a seminal factor in reintegrating Iran into the global political economy and strengthening civil society--making the U.S. and Europe the winners and countries like Russia and Syria the losers.
Refugees on Turkey's Borders: Consequences of Chaos in Syria | 04/07/16 Over 4.8 million Syrians have become refugees, mostly in neighboring countries, and this is not the only displacement crisis around the globe, says Kirişci, an expert in Turkish foreign policy and migration studies. This troubling and informative talk raises both practical and ethical issues, not only for Turkey and its neighbors but for the entire world.
Clip of the Month: "It's All About Corruption" with Sarah Chayes | 03/22/16 "Thieves of State" author Sarah Chayes and Al Jazeera America's Stephanie Sy discuss how corruption is actually a global security issue. The Arab Spring uprisings and the revolution in Ukraine were all about corruption, says Chayes. Unless it's rooted out, the world will become an increasingly dangerous place. And to do so, ethics matter more than ever.
The Industries of the Future | 03/14/16 Driverless cars, designer babies, crypto currencies, cyber warfare, pervasive "sousveillance" that erodes our privacy, often with our consent--what are the upsides and downsides of this brave new world? Alec Ross, who is neither a utopian nor a dystopian, expertly guides us through it.
A Conversation with Sarah Chayes on Corruption and Global Security | 03/09/16 Around the world from Afghanistan to Nigeria, systemic corruption is fueling instability, declares Sarah Chayes in this electrifying conversation. And the United States and other enablers are part of the problem. "If we don't prioritize corruption more—and that means here as well as there—the world is going to become an increasingly dangerous place."
The Refugee/Migrant Crisis | 03/07/16 The migrant/refugee crisis is a defining moral issue for our generation, declares Peter Sutherland, UN special representative on international migration. And proximity should not define responsibility. It's a global responsibility.
Beyond a New Cold War? International Security and the Need for U.S.-Russia Cooperation | 02/26/16 The United States must stop its demonization of President Putin, according to members of this distinguished panel, all with long associations with Russia and all founding members of the American Committee for East-West Accord. Syria, Ukraine, the UN, nuclear weapons: compelling reasons why the United States and Russia must work together.
In Europe's Shadow: Two Cold Wars and a Thirty-Year Journey Through Romania and Beyond | 02/23/16 "What is Europe? Where is it going in this current crisis?" The answers are all here, from what Kaplan describes as the redivision of Europe into two Cold War halves over Russia's involvement in Ukraine, to the enduring importance of historical imperial borders, to Europe's urgent need for structural economic reform--and much more.
Clip of the Month: Robert Kaplan on Europe's New East/West Divide over Ukraine | 02/23/16 Robert Kaplan, author of "In Europe's Shadow: Two Cold Wars and a Thirty-Year Journey Through Romania and Beyond," discusses how Europe is splitting back into Cold War halves, with Ukraine as the central issue. While the West is "obsessed with terrorism," he says, the East is fearful of the Russian threat and "is desperate for American help."
What Went Wrong in the Arab Spring? | 02/19/16 In the early days of the Arab Spring, non-violent civil resistance helped topple authoritarian governments in Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen. Yet these apparent triumphs were followed by disasters. What went wrong? Was the problem rooted in the popular movements themselves, or in their societies? And what's the best way forward now?
The Unprecedented Jihadi Threat in Europe | 01/28/16 "At this very moment, ISIS is recruiting probably 100 people a week from all over the world, including this very country. So it is not a European problem, it is not an Arab issue; it is a global threat and global challenge. That is why I insist on the fact that the threat has to be dealt with at the source, which is basically Syria."
Clip of the Month: U.S. Intervention? The Power of Ideas & Values with Ian Bremmer | 01/28/16 For the last eight years, Carnegie Council has had the good fortune to host Ian Bremmer, president of Eurasia Group, for a conversation of the Top Risks report. In this clip, Bremmer discusses the extent to which Americans should intervene in the Middle East. Does the United States have a responsibility to counter groups like ISIS, given the U.S. decision to invade Iraq in 2003? Or should the country focus on its domestic issues?
Winter is Coming: Why Vladimir Putin and the Enemies of the Free World Must be Stopped | 01/27/16 Garry Kasparov is an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin's authoritarianism, but he is equally critical of the United States and its allies for their unwillingness to confront Moscow. In this fascinating discussion, he and journalist Robert Kaiser grapple with complex and difficult questions about Russia and the "free world," and what we mean by a moral foreign policy.
Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence | 01/15/16 "Artificial intelligence" is a misnomer, says computer scientist Jerry Kaplan. Machines are not intelligent; their programmers are. What we're seeing is a huge acceleration of automation, which will eliminate all kinds of jobs and create all kinds of unimaginable new ones. This will create a great deal of wealth. But the question is who will get that wealth?
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016 | 01/08/16 Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
Clip of the Month: José Manuel Barroso on the Challenges of the Refugee Crisis & Xenophobia | 12/22/15 Europe is facing many challenges these days, but the most formidable one is the refugee crisis, says former European Commission President José Manuel Barroso. In this clip, Barroso urges Europeans (and Americans) to look past "simplistic, populist answers" like closing the borders. He says governments should strive to use "intelligence and information" to fight the extremism that is fueling this crisis and never forget why refugees want to come to Europe in the first place.
Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist | 12/22/15 From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
The State of the European Union: Challenges for the Future | 12/14/15 Yes, says former EU Commission president José Manuel Barroso, the European Union is facing extraordinary challenges. But the EU also possesses extraordinary resilience and resources. Unlike many, Barroso is very optimistic about its future.
Sinai: Egypt's Linchpin, Gaza's Lifeline, Israel's Nightmare | 12/10/15 The Sinai, this crucial land bridge connecting Asia and Africa, has become a haven for transnational crime, fostering arms trafficking, smuggling through the tunnels into Gaza, and Islamic militancy. Courageous Egyptian journalist Mohannad Sabry gives us an inside look at the current situation, both in the Sinai and in Egypt as a whole.
Perspectives from Inside a Tumultuous Middle East: Syria-Iraq-ISIS-Russia and Iran | 11/25/15 The majority of the Arab World seeks justice, accountability, and democracy, says Beirut-based Rami Khouri. What we are dealing with now is bad governance in the region combined with the terrible consequences of continuous foreign military intervention: American, Russian, European, Iranian, Israeli, and inter-Arab.
Clip of the Month: Rami Khouri on Global Values in the Arab World & Saudi Arabia’s Role | 11/23/15 At a time when the rhetoric from and about the Middle East is given to extremes, it's not often that we have the opportunity to listen to a fair, reasonable, and authoritative voice from the region. In this clip, Rami Khouri, senior fellow at the American University of Beirut's Issam Fares Institute, argues that the majority of the Arab World seeks values like justice, accountability, and democracy. He goes on to give a nuanced take on the role of Saudi Arabia and Wahhabi Islam.
Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers | 11/20/15 Master storyteller, researcher, and traveler Simon Winchester takes us on a fascinating voyage through the Pacific, tying it all together with two ethical questions: Should the Americans and the Chinese have a level playing field? And should we respect the ways of the Pacific ancients?
Addressing Root Causes of Unrest in Arab Countries | 11/18/15 What's the best way to create stability in the Middle East and North Africa? Get more young people into the workforce, says Ron Bruder, founder of Education for Employment. EFE programs are all run by locals; training is carefully matched to real job opportunities; and for maximum social impact, EFE trains mainly women.
The Global Refugee Crisis | 11/16/15 How can Christian leaders help Europe cope with the flood of refugees? Renowned Czech theologian Father Tomàš Halik argues that Christianity, especially the Catholic Church, can be an effective mediator between Islam and Europe's secular humanists, as it has many values in common with both.
Beyond Silicon Valley: A Conversation with Elmira Bayrasli on Innovation in Unlikely Places | 11/12/15 Elmira Bayrasli, founder of "Foreign Policy Interrupted" and author of "Beyond Silicon Valley," is all about shattering stereotypes and bringing disregarded groups to the fore, from talented women who must be encouraged to "raise their hands" to the millions of successful entrepreneurs around the world that we never hear about.
Riverkeeper, Defending New York's Hudson River | 11/06/15 Riverkeeper fights to protect the Hudson and the drinking water for nine million New Yorkers. Paul Gallay relates three of its success stories, offering lessons for other communities. Whether working on a local level or tackling climate change on a global one, his advice is the same: be realistic, honest, and, above all, creative and courageous.
American Century, Asian Century, or Nobody's Century? | 11/04/15 Is the American century coming to a close, and if so, what's taking its place? Was there ever an American century to begin with? These questions have been around for at least a decade, but are still under debate. In this lively discussion, three experts with different perspectives give their opinions and forecasts for the future.
Secular Ethics: Old/New Shakyamuni, Dalai Lama | 10/28/15 In this lively, learned, and funny talk, leading U.S. expert on Tibetan Buddhism Robert Thurman riffs off the Dalai Lama's secular ethics project, laying out the theory--and science--of karma and why it's important for all of us to learn to be more compassionate and other-directed. After all, it's a form of enlightened self-interest.
Global Ethics Day: Feeding the Planet | 10/22/15 There are roughly 2 billion people who are under-nourished and another 2 billion who are overweight or obese. In other words, about half the world's population is malnourished. How can we feed the world ethically, sustainably, and well? This panel provides some answers, from food aid to producing milk and meat in cell cultures.
Doomed to Succeed: The U.S.-Israel Relationship from Truman to Obama | 10/21/15 Today, America's ties to Israel are so close that when there are differences, they tend to make the news. But it was not always this way. Ambassador Ross deftly lays out the surprising history of the U.S-Israel relationship. He goes on to answer questions on U.S. policies and the current worrying situation across the Middle East.
Clip of the Month: Michael Weiss on the Morality of the American Fight Against ISIS | 10/21/15 Daily Beast senior editor Michael Weiss discusses the complexities of the U.S. fight against ISIS, including how it has fed into a conspiracy theory that Obama wants to "disenfranchise Sunnis," with the help of Iran and Russia.
ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror | 10/16/15 ISIS is often portrayed as a mysterious force that came out of nowhere. It's nothing of the kind. This grim, unforgettable talk gives us the full, terrifying story, from the initial mistakes made in Iraq to the carnage going on now in Syria. (The TV show made from this talk won a Telly award.)
Karenna Gore on Faith Communities and the Environment | 10/09/15 Karenna Gore, daughter of Al Gore and director of the Center for Earth Ethics, discusses how faith communities (including indigenous peoples) are rallying to combat climate change; what she sees as a shift in consciousness in how we define success; and much more.
Pope Francis Among the Wolves: The Inside Story of a Revolution | 10/07/15 Francis is the first pope who wasn't born in a village, says Vatican expert Marco Politi, but in a mega-city with many social-economic levels and faiths. "This explains why when he speaks he doesn't speak only to Catholics, not only to Christians. He speaks beyond religious borders. He speaks to men and women as they are in contemporary society."
NATO in the 21st Century: Addressing New and Urgent Challenges | 10/06/15 NATO is now in its third historical phase, says U.S. Ambassador to NATO Douglas Lute in this informative, useful talk. "There is now a sense that NATO faces maybe not just one threat, a newly aggressive, newly assertive Russia, but also concerns from the Southeast with ISIS and potentially from instability in the South across the Mediterranean as well."
Is the Eurozone Crisis Over? | 09/28/15 Economist Martin Wolf lays out the three enormous problems Europe faces today: relations with Russia; a possible Brexit; and the migration crisis. He goes on to analyze Europe's economic situation, declaring that the 2008 crash resulted in well over a lost decade, and the economic and political repercussions will be felt for many more years to come.
Clip of the Month: Martin Wolf on the Full Extent of the Eurozone Crisis | 09/28/15 Just how bad was the eurozone crisis? "Financial Times" columnist Martin Wolf, one of the world's most respected and incisive economic commentators, says that it was "unbelievably costly in aggregate" and the crisis-hit countries of Italy, Greece, Spain, and Portugal have suffered "at least a lost decade." He also provides an update on where these countries are now and what vulnerabilities remain.
Russia's Soft Power: A Matter for Church and State | 09/17/15 If other countries wish to understand Russia, they need to have a grasp of her values, which provide the moral framework for her policies and world view. In this fascinating discussion, three leading experts on Russia's "soft power" explain the roles of the state and the Russian Orthodox Church and their complex interplay in formulating this framework.
Ukraine and the Future of Reforms | 07/28/15 In May 2015, a time of crisis not only for Ukraine but also for the future of the entire EU, Cloud and Gvosdev went to Lithuania, Poland, Germany, and Belgium and had frank discussions on Ukraine with former and current government officials and think-tank representatives, and with EU officials in Brussels. Here are their findings.
The Republic of Conscience | 07/13/15 According to former U.S. Senator Gary Hart, Congress, the military, and even the Supreme Court have fallen victim to special interests and ignored America's founding principles. What can we do about it? "Get angry," he says, in this enlightening and ultimately hopeful talk.
A Conversation with Ashoka Founder Bill Drayton on Social Entrepreneurship | 06/26/15 For millennia, the world was organized around efficiency and repetition, says Bill Drayton, but now this system is being replaced by a world organized around the opposite principle: change. That has profound implications for every aspect of our lives, including ethics. This is the first generation when everyone must master cognitive empathy-based living.
Ethical Leadership: A Conversation with Chuck Hagel | 06/26/15 The one constant in Chuck Hagel's varied and pressure-filled career has been ethical leadership. How have his experiences--in war, the boardroom, Congress, and as secretary of defense--shaped his leadership style?
Agenda for the Future: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights | 06/22/15 "Our planet is indivisible. There is no longer such a thing as a small, faraway country. No such thing as an acceptable level of discrimination, against any group." Don't miss this moving speech by UN High Commissioner Al Hussein, which covers all aspects of the universal principles of human rights, including the current refugee crisis.
Clip of the Month: Chuck Hagel on Fundamentals of Ethical Leadership | 06/18/15 Successful businessman, two-term United States senator, secretary of defense—in each of these leadership roles Chuck Hagel has consistently adopted and articulated policy decisions based on ethics and principle, rather than political expediency. Here, in response to a midshipman's question about leadership style, he describes the foundations of his approach "from Vietnam all the way to being the top man in the military."
Europe's Muslims: Challenges and Misconceptions | 06/17/15 Months after the "Charlie Hebdo" attacks, questions remain about Europe's Muslims. How strong is the lure of al-Qaeda and ISIS for youth in France or the UK? Why do so many, including those born and raised in affluent European states, feel disconnected from society? For a nuanced analysis of these misunderstood communities, watch this video.
A Conversation with Ethan Zuckerman on the Ethics of the Internet | 06/15/15 "We have the capacity to get stories from every part of the globe. The question is, what do we want to pay attention to? The crazy thing that has happened over 20 years of the consumer Internet is that we have told the market that we care about people who look like us, act like us, feel like us, and we don't much care about anybody else."
A Dangerous Master: How to Keep Technology from Slipping Beyond Our Control | 06/09/15 "Social disruptions, public health and economic crises, environmental damage, and personal tragedies, all made possible by the adoption of new technologies, will increase dramatically over the next 20 years," predicts Wendell Wallach--unless we start now and implement checks and balances that will prove him wrong.
Ethics in U.S. Foreign Policy: Spymaster Jack Devine on the CIA | 06/04/15 "The thing that attracted me to the Agency was a sense of mission," says 32-year CIA veteran Jack Devine. In this discussion he talks candidly about Allende's fall, Iraq, Iran, Edward Snowden, torture, drones, and more. And when asked if he were young would he join today's post-9/11 CIA, he replies without hesitation: "You betcha!"
From Nuclear Deterrence to Disarmament: Evolving Catholic Perspectives | 06/03/15 In this timely and important discussion on nuclear weapons, Des Browne provides the broader policy context; Archbishop Auza presents the Holy See's position over the last 70 years; Father Hehir connects the policy debate and the moral debate; and Professor Love connects the nuclear debate to the wider debate about peacebuilding.
Crisis in Yemen: Instability on the Arabian Peninsula | 05/28/15 In this grim, masterful talk Bernard Haykel explains the complex historical background and current realities of the crisis in Yemen. In doing so, he analyzes key foreign players: the Saudis, now with a new king, whose favorite son is playing a major role; the Iranians and their proxy, Hezbollah; and the Americans, whose policy he describes as "catastrophic."
The UN's Efforts in International Development: Relevant or Not? | 05/26/15 Which development initiatives really work? Drawing on his personal and professional experience, the UN's David Malone notes that experts' projects often fail and there are many paths to growth--take India and China, for example. The trend now is to move away from grand schemes. What's important are each group's social preferences.
Ethics Fellows for the Future: Where is the World Heading? | 05/20/15
Ethics Fellows for the Future (EFFs) are the next generation of scholars, policymakers, and practitioners. They are student mentees of Carnegie Council's worldwide network of Global Ethics Fellows. The Council challenged them to think deeply about the values that should guide international relations for the next twenty years. Here's a taste of the results.
Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution | 05/19/15 The Middle East needs a double revolution--not just a political one, but a social/sexual one as well, says fiery, courageous feminist Mona Eltahawy. It's time to destroy the oppressive patriarchy of "the trifecta:" the state, the street, and the home. But Arab women don't need "rescuing." Misogyny exists everywhere in varying degrees. Fight it at your own, local level.
Full Planet, Empty Plates | 05/12/15 "We are in transition today from an age of surpluses to an age of scarcity," says Lester Brown. The reasons are manifold: population growth; climate change; water scarcity; a substantial part of the U.S. grain harvest being used for fuel; increased demands because of rising affluence; and a glass ceiling for crop yields.
The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe | 05/07/15 When it comes to medical research using human beings, who decides what's right? How do the U.S. institutional review boards work? What does "informed consent" mean when you need a law degree to understand the consent forms? How are clinical trails conducted overseas? Dr. Klitzman explores these troubling and complex ethical concerns.
Clip of the Month: Mona Eltahawy: A Muslim and a Feminist or Islamic Feminism? | 05/06/15 Mona Eltahawy, author of "Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution," says that for change to come for women in the Muslim world, both "secular feminism" and "Islamic feminism" need to be embraced.
Defending our Borders vs. Defending our Liberties: ACLU's Anthony D. Romero | 05/01/15 From the NSA and the kill list, to the failure to close Guantanamo and prosecute those who committed torture, Obama's national security policies are not substantively different from those of George W. Bush, laments Romero. He also discusses 9/11, the history of the ACLU, and the troubling privatization of U.S. prisons.
Blueprint for Revolution: How to Use Rice Pudding, Lego Men, and Other Nonviolent Techniques to Galvanize Communities, Overthrow Dictators, or Simply Change the World | 04/30/15 In the late 1990s, using humor, irony, and imagination, Popovic and his friends toppled Serbian dictator Milošević. They went on to found CANVAS, which now advises activists in more than 15 countries. Popovic explains that nonviolent struggle is a teachable skill, and that nonviolence is not only the most ethical, but the most successful path to revolution.
Are We At War With Islam? | 04/23/15 In Europe, both non-Muslims and Muslims need to honestly confront and contend with the stereotypes, anxieties, and resentments they have about each other, says Professor Cesari in this probing conversation on Muslims in Europe.
Juan Cole on Europe's Muslims and More | 04/20/15 In this enlightening conversation, Professor Cole, an expert in relations between the Muslim world and the West, gives an on-the-ground perspective on the Iran nuclear talks and the reaction to them in the Arab world, Muslims in Europe, Yemen, ISIS, and much more.
The Paradox of Liberation | 04/20/15 Many of the successful campaigns for national liberation after World War II were based on democratic and secular ideals. Michael Walzer asks: What went wrong? Why have states such as India, Israel, and Algeria been unable to reproduce their political culture beyond one or two generations?
P5 + 1 + Iran: Report on the Ongoing Nuclear Talks | 04/15/15 Speaking on the very day of the nuclear framework, Ambassador Mousavian explains why he believes the agreement is positive progress for both sides. And in a candid and forthright discussion with the audience, he explains the Iranian perspective on Israel, the U.S.-Israel relationship, ISIS, and also the workings of the Iranian government.
American Energy Challenges and Global Leadership in the Years Ahead | 04/13/15 Thanks to new technologies for extracting oil and natural gas, such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), the United States is now the biggest producer of energy in the world. What do plummeting energy prices mean for sellers and consumers around the world--and what will be the likely consequences for climate change?
Clip of the Month: Michael Walzer on the Radicalism of Early American Secularism | 04/07/15 Michael Walzer, professor emeritus of the Institute for Advanced Study, tells a story about changes to postal law in the 1800s to illustrate the strictness of American secularism, even among religious citizens and politicians.
The Eleventh Hour: The Legacy and the Lessons of World War I | 03/26/15 One hundred years after the First World War, boundaries established after the armistice at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" still shape many of today's conflicts, from ISIS's invasion of Mosul to Boko Haram's kidnapping of schoolgirls. What lessons have we learned from WWI? Just as important, what have we still not learned?
The Kurdish Spring: A New Map of the Middle East | 03/25/15 In this stirring, information-filled talk on the Kurdish people, David Phillips recounts centuries of abuse and repression against the world's "largest stateless people." But he also illuminates the vitality of today's Kurds, who are "pro-Western and secular" and have proven to be America's most capable regional partners in the fight against ISIS.
Nigeria and the Horror of Boko Haram | 03/12/15 "Like other radical insurgencies, Boko Haram is fueled by poor governance, political marginalization, and its region's deepening impoverishment," says former Ambassador to Nigeria John Campbell. "However, it is also shaped by specifically Nigerian circumstances and factors." This talk helps us understand Boko Haram's roots, ideology, and goals.
The United States, Russia, and Ukraine: Report from Moscow | 03/10/15 Dmitri Trenin, director of Carnegie Endowment's Moscow Center, served in the Soviet and Russian military for two decades and understands both the Russian and U.S. points of view. He warns that U.S.-Russia relations are heading for a new version of the Cold War, and also discusses the Russian economy and its relations with China and other countries.
Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics | 03/06/15 Medical tourism is big business, involving millions of patients who travel abroad to get health care. Some travel to avoid queues and save money. Others seek services that are illegal in their own country, such as abortions and surrogate pregnancies. As Cohen explains, this growing industry opens a Pandora's box of legal and ethical questions.
Ebola and Other Viral Outbreaks: Providing Health Care to the Global Poor in Times of Crisis | 02/24/15 Why were initial responses to the Ebola outbreak so disastrously inadequate? How can dysfunctional health systems--at all levels--be improved, so that this doesn't happen again? Dr. Klitzman of Columbia University and Dr. Karunakara, former international president of MSF, discuss these issues and more, including why doctors treating Ebola should not be called heroes.
Clip of the Month: I. Glenn Cohen on the Ethics of Medical Tourism | 02/24/15 Harvard Law professor Glenn Cohen, the author of "Patients With Passports," details some of the moral considerations to keep in mind about traveling to a foreign country to get an organ transplant, including unexpected post-operative regret from the donor.
A Conversation with Leon Botstein, President of Bard College and Champion of Liberal Arts Education | 02/13/15 In this wide-ranging and entertaining conversation, Leon Botstein discusses Bard's innovative programs to serve the underserved, which include Bard high schools, prison education programs, and international operations; the marginalization of the humanities; and his refreshing and inclusive approach to classical music.
Flashpoints: The Emerging Crisis in Europe | 02/10/15 "Europe has always been a place of conflict and malice and anger and hatred, between classes and between nations. The question now is, can it be contained? I doubt it very much. The period from 1992 to 2008 was an interregnum, and an unnatural one. Europe is returning to itself, and when Europe gets sick, the world gets sick with it."
The Afghan Challenge | 02/04/15 With a new president in charge, can Afghanistan find a way out of decades of conflict and oppression? What will be the effect of the U.S. troop drawdown? UN Ambassador Zahir Tanin and Afghan expert Barnett Rubin discuss Afghanistan's future.
Extreme Political Parties in Greece: Economic and Cultural Factors | 02/03/15
"There has been, in the period of the last 30 years especially, a breakdown of trust, not only between the governed and the government, but also between Greeks, among themselves." Palaiologos, a prominent Greek scholar-journalist, analyzes how Greece went wrong, the rise of extremist parties on both right and left, and what needs to be done.
Clip of the Month: George Friedman on the Essential European Problem | 01/30/15 Stratfor founder and chairman George Friedman says that German reliance on exports and illegal entrepreneurism in Greece and other less affluent European economies, in large part, led to the debt crisis.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015 | 01/22/15 "The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
Unaccountable: A Conversation with Janine Wedel on how Elite Power Brokers have Corrupted the U.S. System | 01/13/15 Anthropologist Janine Wedel exposes America's "new corruption"--the unprecedented ways that many politicians, retired generals, academics, bankers, and physicians exploit their prestige and insider knowledge.
Money and American Politics: A Conversation with Lawrence Lessig | 01/12/15 On a crusade against the corrupting influence of money in politics, Lawrence Lessig founded a "super PAC" which raised $10 million to support candidates committed to radical reform of campaign financing. Most of them lost, but Lessig is not daunted. He fights on, convinced that the majority of Americans agree with him and that change will come.
A Conversation with Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster | 01/08/15 How can U.S. soldiers be trained to maintain ethical and legal standards in today's complex and often brutal environment? How is the Army preparing for current and future conflicts, in terms of military hardware, technology, and even social media? In this wide-ranging talk, Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster discusses these challenges and more.
America in Retreat: The New Isolationism and the Coming Global Disorder | 12/22/14 America is not in decline, but it's certainly in retreat, says Stephens, and this is a mistake. He argues that the United States is the ultimate guarantor of a relatively decent, stable, liberal world order, governed by a sense of rules and the knowledge, both among its friends and adversaries, that it has the will and the wherewithal to ensure its interests.
Citizenship, Identity, and Conflict in South Asia's Borderlands | 12/19/14 The intrepid Suchitra Vijayan is working on a 9,000-mile journey through South Asia, which has taken her to Afghanistan and Pakistan, the disputed territory of Kashmir, and India's borders with Burma and China. What has she learned so far about the effects of borders on human lives?
The Rise of ISIS: Implications for U.S. Strategy, Interests, and Values | 12/19/14 How did ISIS grow so quickly? What is the best strategy to overcome it and how long will it take? How should the U.S. deal with Syria and Iran? Is this the beginning of a complete restructuring of the Middle East? This in-depth analysis from an expert panel shows that there are no easy answers, and a long struggle lies ahead.
Outpost: Life on the Frontlines of American Diplomacy | 12/17/14 Former ambassador Hill has worked on some of the most dangerous and difficult problems in U.S. diplomacy, from the Balkans, to North Korea, to Iraq. In this astute and often funny talk, he gives an inside look at his work as a diplomat, and also discusses the latest crises, from ISIS and Syria, to Ukraine and dealing with Russia.
Clip of the Month: Lt. Gen. Michael T. Flynn on American Values & the Senate Torture Report | 12/09/14 General Michael T. Flynn (Ret.) discusses the Senate’s torture report, commending senators Feinstein and McCain on their respective statements and arguing for the importance of American values.
From "Indispensable Nation" to "Realism-Based Restraint": Reconsidering U.S. Engagement with the World | 12/08/14 Former ambassador Chas Freeman has had a wide breadth of diplomatic experience, from the Middle East to Africa, East Asia, and Europe. In this conversation he eloquently speaks his mind on the negative effects of sanctions, the folly of U.S. unqualified support for Israel, the U.S. strategy and diplomacy deficits, and much more.
A Conversation with David Keyes on Advancing Human Rights | 12/04/14 In the Soviet era, it was difficult to alert the world of what was happening to dissidents, says David Keyes. Today, however, there's an overload of information from YouTube and other sources and the challenge is how to overcome "human rights fatigue." He explains how crowd-sourcing and other means can get the word out.
Michael Ignatieff in Conversation with Paul Holdengräber at the NYPL | 11/20/14 Carnegie Council Centennial Chairman Michael Ignatieff, a Canadian writer, teacher, and former politician, discusses his life, his work, and the Council's Centennial project, Ethics for a Connected World.
Clip of the Month: Chas W. Freeman, Jr. on Wrestling, the Ottoman Sultan, & Fighting ISIS | 11/20/14 Chas Freeman, former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia, says that Arab countries need to provide the moral response to ISIS, or Da'ish. He also compares national security to sports and America to the Ottoman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
A Conversation with Will Kymlicka on the Challenges of Multiculturalism | 11/19/14 From Canada to Europe, how do different societies deal with immigrant groups? How have their policies evolved and where are they headed? What rights should domestic animals have? Will Kymlicka ably shows that the world is going through a rights revolution, demolishing the old hierarchies and gradually becoming more and more inclusive.
Global Ethics and the Point of View of the Universe | 11/18/14 Sidgwick's concept of looking at issues from "the point of view of the universe"--in other words, giving equal weight to everyone's interests, irrespective of who they are, now or in future--can be the basis for a global ethic, says utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer. He goes on to explain what this means for all of us in practical, concrete terms.
A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff | 11/17/14 In this candid and thoughtful conversation, General Dempsey tackles the difficult questions, from ISIS to Ebola to cyber threats. And throughout, he stresses the importance of ethics, education, and service.
Clip of the Month: General Martin Dempsey on ISIS | 11/06/14 General Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, describes how the U.S. Military is fighting ISIS in Syria, amidst the brutal civil war.
If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities | 11/05/14 In the face of the most perilous challenges of our time, from terrorism to climate change, nation-states seem paralyzed. Can cities and the mayors who run them do a better job? The answer is yes, says Benjamin Barber, and in fact they are already doing it.
From Paris to Moscow: Rise of New Far-Right Movements Across Europe | 11/04/14 What effect has the Ukraine crisis had on the rise of ultra-nationalist forces in Russia and what has been the impact on Russia's neighbors? What is the situation among Europe's different far-right movements? Russia/Eurasia/Europe expert Marlene Laruelle has answers to these complex questions and more.
The Shifts and the Shocks: What We've Learned--and Have Still to Learn--From the Financial Crisis | 11/03/14 Why did the 2008 financial crisis occur? What should it teach us about modern economies and economics? Martin Wolf does a masterly job of untangling this complex catastrophe and proposes how we can avoid repeating our past mistakes.
Elite Perceptions of the United States in Europe and Asia | 10/29/14 An interesting new report finds that political and business leaders in Asia value U.S. hard power while Europeans focus on American values. Both, however, view U.S. business and entrepreneurial spirit more positively than the government. What do these attitudes mean for policymakers and civil society?
Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy | 10/22/14 What are the requirements for a liberal democracy? It's not just voting, says Fukuyama. It needs a distinction between public and private interest; rule of law; and accountability. Although the U.S. started off as a weak, corrupt state, it became a liberal democracy. Yet all political systems are subject to decay, and that's what's happening to the U.S. today.
Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention | 10/16/14 Why do international peace interventions often fail to reach their full potential? Based on 15 years of research in conflict zones around the world, Autesserre shows that everyday behavior, such as the expatriates' social habits and actions caused by lack of local knowledge, strongly influence the effectiveness of many peacekeeping operations.
A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire | 10/09/14 In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
Foreign Fighters in Syria | 10/03/14 How is ISIS structured? Why are young Muslims from many countries going to Syria to join it? What is the nature and extent of the threat and how can it be overcome? Counterintelligence expert Richard Barrett (formerly with MI5, MI6, and the UN) gives an informative, balanced, and perceptive report. Don't miss it.
Climate Change and the Future of Humanity | 09/26/14 Climate change is already here. The seas are rising, the glaciers are melting, and the atmosphere is warming. How can we work together to set a different course for humanity?
Clip of the Month: Mary Robinson on Climate Change's Effect on Women & the Poor | 09/16/14 Mary Robinson, former president of Ireland and UN special envoy for climate change, says that environmental problems have an outsized effect on women and the poor and that her foundation is working on their behalf.
Sarajevo Symposium, Closing Remarks | 09/03/14 "We have all got to live with each other. There will be Serbs here in a thousand years, Croats here in a thousand years. We're stuck with each other. We don't have to love each other. This is not a council of brotherhood and unity. We did that. It didn't go so well. It's just a council of deep individual responsibility for ourselves as historical agents in time."
Sarajevo Panel Discussion | 08/27/14 In this wide-ranging conversation, participants from the Sarajevo Symposium discuss the past, present, and future of the former Yugoslav states with a focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina. How can private citizens and governments work together to build a more pluralistic society?
War and Reconciliation in the Twentieth-Century Balkans | 08/19/14 What are the remedies for the endless cycles of violence in the Balkans? Croatian historian Ivo Banac examines various solutions that have been tried and found wanting, to some extent, and concludes with another possibility.
Religion in War and Reconciliation | 07/29/14 "There is a long way to go before religious communities become more of a resource for reducing rather than a source for increasing antagonism. But to move in that direction clearly requires greater understanding at the local level."
Keynote Presentation | 07/22/14 We're still trying to understand what World War I meant. It is a very complex event, one that has echoes into the present, and we've all been thinking recently about parallels between that world and our own world. One of the very important things is not to start by assuming that it was inevitable.
World War to a Global Ethic | 07/15/14 "We come here—100 years to the day from the calamitous events of the summer of 1914—to remember, to take stock, and to recommit to the ideals passed on to us by Andrew Carnegie and others. The Carnegie ideal was simple but audacious: it is indeed realistic and possible to use reason and experience to improve the ways in which we live."
A Conversation with Law Professor and Columnist Rosa Brooks on Obama's Foreign Policy | 06/19/14 With an insider's perspective, Rosa Brooks candidly discusses U.S. foreign policy, from Kosovo to Afghanistan, Syria, and Ukraine, along with her views on Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. Would Clinton have made a better president?
The Naked Future: What Happens in a World That Anticipates Your Every Move? | 06/17/14 Today we create information in everything that we do, and there is no going back. But instead of seeing this as as a threat, we should seize the opportunity to use it to our advantage, says Patrick Tucker. Big data can improve our lives, offering everything from more informed consumer choices to more accurate and detailed medical data.
The Last Empire: The Final Days of the Soviet Union | 06/16/14 Serhii Plokhy presents a bold new interpretation of the Soviet Union's final months, which places Ukraine at the center of the drama. And by providing the historical background for what is happening now, he shows that there are many key points linking 1991 to today.
Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings | 06/10/14 It's tempting to see today's Middle East conflicts as the continuation of centuries-old sectarian divisions, but Frederick Wehrey cautions against it. "Sectarianism is really a local institutional governance phenomenon that needs to be addressed through political reform in the Gulf, through ending discrimination, through greater participation in governance."
Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China | 05/30/14 In Chinese, the word for ambition is "wild heart" and for millennia individual aspirations were looked down on, as the group always came first. How China has changed!
Moral Imagination | 05/28/14 David Bromwich draws upon thinkers such as Burke, Lincoln, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. to show that it is moral imagination which allows us to judge the right and wrong of actions apart from ourselves, to see the needs of strangers as clearly as the needs of friends. Thus it is essential to governing and to the well-being of the state.
Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the Front Lines | 05/27/14 Journalists have always faced attacks on their freedom to report stories and often on their physical safety as well. Now they face a new threat: digital surveillance. Electronic spying means that journalists cannot protect their sources, and undermines the public's confidence in the media's ability to operate without government interference.
The Invisible Casualties Of America's Longest Wars | 05/21/14 Did you know that one in three U.S. women veterans has been sexually assaulted? In 2013, even with about 85 percent of the assaults going unreported, they occurred at an average of more than 70 per day. Yet only about 35 percent of the reports went to court-martial proceedings.
The Rise of the New Far Right in Europe and Implications for European Parliament Elections | 05/15/14 This panel gives an excellent overview of the complexities of the rise of right-wing populism across Europe, focusing in particular on France, the UK, and Hungary. The discussion illuminates the differences and similarities between the movements and shows how in many countries the themes of the radical left have been hijacked by the radical right.
A Conversation with Douglas Rushkoff, Digital Media Expert, Graphic Novelist and Documentarian | 05/09/14 With the advent of new means of interaction from the TV remote to Twitter, the media became a two-way conversation, says Douglas Rushkoff. But who controls, shapes, and benefits most from these interactions--we the users, or big business?
The Evolution of a Corporate Idealist: When Girl Meets Oil | 05/07/14 How can corporations work to prevent human rights violations on their watch, as well as disasters like the BP Deepwater Horizon explosion? Christine Bader discusses her time at BP, where she was part of the invisible army of people inside corporations who are pushing for safer and more responsible practices.
Ukraine and U.S.-Russian Relations | 05/01/14 With balance and objectivity, seasoned Russian policy expert Tom Graham tackles the thorny question of Ukraine and the wider scope of U.S.-Russia relations across the board.
Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East | 04/30/14 What if a group decides democratically that they don't want to be liberal--that they want an "illiberal democracy"? Shadi Hamid argues that repression originally compelled Islamists to moderate their politics. But ironically, democratic openings pushed them back to their original fundamentalism, leaving no space for liberal norms such as women's rights.
Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific | 04/23/14 No wonder the South China Sea is important to China, says Robert Kaplan. It's the Mediterranean of Asia, the center of international commerce, including energy shipments. Plus, if the Chinese control it and thus gain access to the Indian Ocean, China will have a two-ocean navy, transforming it in military terms from a regional power into a world power.
The Story of the Jews: Finding the Words (1000 BCE-1492) | 04/22/14 Never at a loss for words, the inimitable, erudite, and very funny Simon Schama free-associates his way through Jewish history: the Old Testament, Jewish dancing masters in 16th century Italy, Passover recipes, the future of Israel--it's all here, and more.
Conviction, Conflict, Community: A Conversation with George Rupp | 04/17/14 The United States' problem is the presumption of individualism, which is deeply resented and resisted in most of the world, except in some parts of Western Europe. Until we get over that, we are not going to be able to engage with international issues, because we are unaware of how deeply unacceptable our default position is to all those other communities.
No Ordinary Men: Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Hans von Dohnanyi, Resisters Against Hitler in Church and State | 04/11/14 Sifton and Stern tell the story of two of the most courageous opponents of the Nazi regime, pastor and theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer and lawyer Hans von Dohnányi. From the earliest days of Nazism, both men perceived the threats, documented them, and plotted to overthrow Hitler. And they paid with their lives.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Sebastian Junger | 04/08/14 Journalist Sebastian Junger knows about war from the inside: the horror and pain, the excitement and heightened awareness, and the fierce brotherhood between soldiers. In this moving conversation he talks about his life and work, and ponders on what everyone owes their country, whether they choose to fight or stay home.
The Leading Indicators: A Short History of the Numbers That Rule Our World | 03/31/14 "By relying so heavily on things like GDP, unemployment, and the suite of statistics that grew up in their wake, we are using a really good 1950s set of tools designed to answer questions of global depression, World War II, and 1950s industrial nation-states that made stuff. We're really good at measuring that world, but we're not living in that world."
The Struggle for Iraq's Future: How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy | 03/26/14 In this bleak and revealing talk, Iraqi lawyer Zaid al-Ali provides an insider's analysis of Iraq's many failures of governance, from creating a constitution to providing Iraqis with jobs, electricity, and most of all safety.
The Global War for Internet Governance | 03/18/14 Who controls the Internet? Internet governance is so technically and institutionally complex that it takes place mostly out of public view. But Internet control points do exist, and they affect civil liberties, national security, and global innovation policy. Laura DeNardis explains the inner workings of online governance and discusses its future.
"War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh | 03/10/14 As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
The Future of American Warfighting: Lessons of the Contemporary Battlefield | 03/10/14 What are the ethical and legal questions raised by unmanned aerial vehicles, drones, and surveillance? How do they affect combatants, decision-makers, and civilians? An expert panel explores these crucial issues.
By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World | 03/07/14 As China's urban middle class expands, China's government--and private companies--are traveling the globe in pursuit of fuel, ores, water, and farmland. And the government has all kinds of tools to bring to bear, from public diplomacy and backroom deals, to low-cost financing and low-cost labor. How is this quest changing the world, including China itself?
Rules of Engagement: The Legal, Ethical and Moral Challenges of the Long War | 03/03/14 Can the drone campaign be legally and morally justified? What are the limits to the president's authority when it comes to targeted killing? Don't miss this discussion with Robert Grenier, former CIA counterterrorism director; Charles Blanchard, former general counsel of the U.S. Air Force; and Kenneth Anderson, professor of law at American University.
Differing Perspectives on Iran and the Middle East Peace Process: Is there a Crisis in U.S.-Israel Relations? | 02/26/14 Do the public disagreements between the Obama administration and the Netanyahu government over Iran's nuclear program and the current peace talks with the Palestinians signal a growing rift between the United States and Israel? How strong is the alliance between the countries? What does the future hold for Israel?
Mobilize Your People Like Obama: Applying Lessons from the 2012 Campaign to Your Everyday Work | 02/20/14 In 2012, Barack Obama won a hard-fought victory in a campaign driven by advanced community organizing tactics, big data, and technology. In this lively workshop with Obama campaign alum David Osborne, he and the participants explore how lessons from the campaign can lead everyone to inspire their teams to achieve greater results.
The Limits of Partnership: U.S.-Russian Relations in the 21st Century | 02/20/14 Sochi, Snowden, and Syria--these are just a few of the issues complicating the U.S.-Russian relationship, says Georgetown's Angela Stent in this dynamic and informed talk. But, because of Russia's strategic location, nuclear arsenal, and presence in the UN, it's a partnership worth working on.
The Frackers: The Outrageous Inside Story of the New Billionaire Wildcatters | 02/18/14 Thanks to fracking and the unlikely characters who made this revolution happen, the United States is now the biggest energy producer in the world. The fracking bonanza is here to stay, argues Gregory Zuckerman, and the environmental hazards can be overcome. Our best course is to work with the industry to improve safety standards.
Introducing: CARNEGIE COUNCIL | 02/11/14
Want to learn more about Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs? This five-minute video gives a quick introduction to our past, our present, and our ambitions for the future.
The Second Arab Awakening and the Battle for Pluralism | 02/06/14 Jordanian diplomat and scholar Marwan Muasher surveys the situation across the Arab world. He sees reasons for optimism in the long run, particularly in Tunisia, and makes a passionate call for pluralism, which he says is essential for democracy and prosperity.
Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2014 with Ian Bremmer | 01/29/14 So what should we look out for in 2014? "The economic risks are receding. The geopolitical risks are becoming more important," says political risk guru Ian Bremmer. Don't miss this entertaining but fact-filled talk for insights on global affairs, from U.S. foreign policy, to the Middle East, Asia, Russia, Europe, and emerging markets.
The Confidence Trap: A History of Democracy in Crisis from World War I to the Present | 01/10/14 Democracy is petty, trivial, and short-termist, says David Runciman. But having survived world wars and financial shocks over the last 100 years, it's also the most flexible and successful system of government the world has ever seen. These qualities make democracy quite susceptible to crises, but also able to navigate through them.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 01/08/14 Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too Late | 01/02/14 The threat of a nuclear nightmare is still real, says Joe Cirincione. With unsecured stockpiles in Russia, the ever-present threat of terrorists getting hold of a bomb, and the possibility of a nuclear Iran, America and the world need to pay attention to this potentially catastrophic issue.
Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy | 12/20/13 Why did Japan recklessly attack the United States in 1941, launching a war that most of the nation's leaders knew they were almost certain to lose? Why did they go ahead, despite heated internal debates? Get the inside story from a Japanese perspective.
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel | 12/16/13 Speaking just after the November 23 nuclear deal with Iran, Ari Shavit is skeptical: "The question is: Is it an act of creating the time to wake up and see what's there; or is it a process of deluding ourselves one last time, which will be the very last time?" He also discusses his homeland, Israel--its history, its deep-rooted problems, and its vibrancy.
The Constitution Project: Task Force Report on Detainee Treatment | 12/13/13 In many instances, U.S. forces used interrogation techniques which constitute torture; the nation's most senior officials bear ultimate responsibility; and there is no evidence that torture produced significant information of value. These are the unanimous conclusions of the task force on detainee treatment, as discussed here by two of its members.
Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism | 12/03/13 Journalists sorely need more expertise in the topics they report on, such as business, education and geopolitics, says Thomas Patterson, Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press at Harvard. For unless they know their subject area well, they are vulnerable to their sources and their reporting may be skewed or incomplete.
Citizenship Within and Across Nations | 11/15/13 Philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah explores the role of civic honor, and its negative counterpart, shame, in shaping the political behavior of individuals and of nations, and in particular, in shaping the moral dimensions of political behavior.
Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them | 11/14/13
How do human beings make moral decisions? Sometimes we go with our emotions and "think fast" and sometimes we use reason and "think slow." Neuroscientist Joshua Greene's research shows that for problems within small groups, its best to think fast. But for global problems between larger groups, we need to learn to think slow.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Writer Kurt Andersen | 11/13/13 Journalist, novelist, entrepreneur, cultural critic, award-winning radio broadcaster--all of these describe Kurt Andersen. In this lively conversation, he talks about his career (including being fired by "New York" magazine for writing about Wall Street); the lasting effects of the 1960s; American politics today; Edward Snowden; and much more.
Global Ethics Forum TV Series, One-Minute Trailer | 11/12/13
On this weekly half-hour TV show, leading thinkers and policymakers discuss ethics and vital issues in global affairs. Global Ethics Forum Season 5 is currently airing on MHz Worldview and on CUNY TV, New York.
Mass Flourishing: How Grassroots Innovation Created Jobs, Challenge, and Change | 11/12/13 "America has strayed pretty far from the pioneer spirit captured by Willa Cather and the movie 'Shane,'" says Nobel Prize-winner Edmund Phelps. What happened? Phelps argues that since the 1960s, there has been a resurgence of certain traditional and anti-modern values. This has resulted in "a new corporatism," which stifles innovation.
Protecting Women Refusing to be Victims of Violence | 10/30/13 "Our goal is to truly provide justice to incredibly courageous women and girls who have suffered things that make us uncomfortable. They have suffered things that are hard to speak out loud." In this wise, inspiring talk, Miller-Muro tackles uncomfortable ethical questions, such as cultural relativism and our responsibilities towards those in trouble.
Thought Leader: Chan Heng Chee | 10/29/13 Chan Heng Chee, former Singaporean ambassador to the United States and permanent representative to the United Nations, reflects on moral leadership.
Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War | 10/22/13 We should break free of the cliché that World War I was futile, argues Max Hastings. "Germany in 1914, as ruled by the Kaiser and his generals and ministers, represented a malign force whose triumph had to be frustrated."
The Road to War: Presidential Commitments Honored and Betrayed | 10/17/13 The last declaration of war authorized by Congress was World War II, yet the U.S. has been entangled in many wars since. Why have presidents been allowed to sidestep Congress for the last 70 years? The U.S. should have an agreed-upon set of guidelines for going to war, says Marvin Kalb. It should not be left up to presidents to decide.
Strategy: A History | 10/17/13 Creating a successful strategy is not just a question of being cleverer than your opponent. Sir Lawrence Freedman lays out some cardinal rules: think about how you are going to endure; have empathy with those whom you want to work with you, but also those who might oppose you; and be able to form coalitions.
Thought Leader: Lawrence Freedman | 10/11/13 "There are values that those of us from Western liberal societies hold dear and believe should be universal. But they're not. And that produces the challenges. If they were, then things would be a lot easier."
Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/10/13 How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.
Immigration Reform: Truths, Myths, and Politics | 10/10/13 The great wave of illegal immigration to the United States is over, says Edward Schumacher-Matos. Our real challenge now is what to do with those 11–12 million people who are here illegally but who are part of our communities--and this is not only a legal issue but an ethical one.
Year Zero: A History of 1945 | 10/08/13 Ian Buruma makes a compelling case that many of the modern triumphs, such as the European Union, the United Nations, and Japanese pacifism, as well as some of the world's unresolved conflicts in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, all took root in 1945, that fateful year of retribution, revenge, suffering, and healing.
The Ethics of Hacking Back: Cybersecurity and Active Network Defense | 10/07/13 The Internet is "a global free fire zone," yet it is illegal for companies to hack back against cyber attacks--although rumor has it that many are doing so. How much of the responsibility to protect their assets should rest with the private sector and how much with the government? This expert panel explores these difficult legal and ethical questions.
U.S. Policy on Iran and the Middle East: Where Do We Go From Here? | 10/01/13 Are we on the brink of a new era in Iran-U.S. relations? Maybe. Iran expert Gary Sick discusses President Rouhani's UN speech, which took place just before this event, plus previous missed opportunities and the current possibilities of rapprochement. While condemning the regime, he sees an opening for constructive negotiations.
Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God | 09/25/13 Created and armed by Iran, Hezbollah's reach stretches around the world, including inside the United States. Matthew Levitt traces its terrifying activities and discusses how Iran/Hezbollah might retaliate in response to a U.S. strike on Syria.
Ten Billion | 09/18/13 Stephen Emmott's short, bold manifesto asks the world to wake up and recognize that not only are the problems we face increasingly interconnected--including energy, climate, food, and water--but that the connection is us.
Thought Leader: Joseph Nye | 08/14/13 “I would argue a global ethic then has two dimensions, how we treat other and how we treat our common home.”
Thought Leader: Brent Scowcroft | 08/07/13 Retired U.S. Air Force lieutenant general Brent Scowcroft discusses the shift away from compromise in the U.S. political system.
Thought Leader David Cannadine on International Institutions | 07/31/13 “It may well be that one of the issues that we face now is that those international organizations created in the late 1940s and early 1950s have kind of run their course and that what is most urgent at the moment is to create a new set of international organizations that are fit for the purposes of dealing with the problems that we now face.”
Thought Leader: Louise Arbour | 07/24/13 Louise Arbour--former United Nations high commissioner for human rights, and current CEO and president of the International Crisis Group—points out that although she believes human rights to be universal, protecting them still remains a challenge.
Thought Leader: Mary Robinson | 07/17/13 "The only way that we can get implementation is if people in that country, civil society, hold the government accountable, know about their commitments, and then challenge them, write about it. The media is important, taking cases in court is important, but also a wide movement of civil society."
Thought Leader: Bineta Diop | 07/08/13 "For me, leadership is also feminine. I always say that the men who have feminine values are part of the criteria for me to look for in leadership. It is that touch, that caring, giving, solidarity."
Thought Leader Jonathan Sacks on the World’s Greatest Ethical Challenges | 07/03/13 "The whole moral equation has become incredibly difficult, whether in terms of space or in terms of time. The moral community is now spread out across the world. Consequences are now long-term and not short-term. All in all, we have not yet evolved moralities that can really solve these problems."
Global Ethics Corner: Who Should Control Egypt's Water? | 06/24/13
As Ethiopia continues construction on the Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, Egyptian officials are worried about their water supply. Does Ethiopia have the right to affect another state's water? Should Egypt use military options if its supply is diminished?
The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America | 06/20/13 Since the late 1970s, says George Packer, we've been living in a new era. The structures that supported ordinary Americans' ambitions, from government to business to schools, have stopped working on their behalf. Instead, people felt they were on their own. Some have thrived greatly and others have been left behind, with a rising sense of panic.
Ethics Matter: Jeremy Scahill on the World as a Battlefield | 06/20/13 In the name of the "war on terror," the U.S. is conducting covert warfare and targeted killings, and it dismisses the resulting deaths of innocent civilians as "collateral damage." What are the ethical and practical repercussions of these policies? Jeremy Scahill's blistering talk ranges from Iraq to Afghanistan, Yemen, and Somalia.
Thought Leader Jay Winter on Religion, Migration, & Human Rights | 06/20/13 “I think human rights come before anything else, and certainly come before the sovereignty of a nation-state. My view is that, both in Europe and in North America, human rights cannot exist with a regime of close control on migrant communities.”
Joseph Nye: Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era | 06/17/13 Joseph Nye asks: "If the United States starts out the 20th century as a second-tier power and it ends up the 20th century as the world's only superpower, did it matter who was president? Would it all have occurred or turned out the same way anyway, or did individual leaders make a big difference?"
Global Ethics Corner: Weighing Privacy Against National Security | 06/17/13
The recent revelations that the NSA is collecting cell phone and Internet data from millions of Americans has left many asking questions. Is this action necessary for America's national security? Should concerns about consumers' rights to privacy be considered?
The World Through Arab Eyes: Arab Public Opinion and the Reshaping of the Middle East | 06/14/13 While domestic injustices and the information revolution were key factors, Dr. Telhami argues it's impossible to understand the Arab uprisings without also referring to foreign policy. "The dignity that they sought to restore in these uprisings was not only about their relationship with the rulers, but was about their relationship with the rest of the world."
Thought Leader: Andrew Nathan | 06/13/13 Columbia professor Andrew Nathan says that although many human rights-related values are shared across cultures, there are still some important areas of disagreement—religion, the role of women, and political freedom.
Foreign Policy Begins at Home: The Case for Putting America's House in Order | 06/13/13 We have been guilty of overreaching abroad and underachieving at home, says Richard Haass, and these sins are really two sides of the national security coin. After all, "our capacity to act abroad is obviously directly limited and affected by the capacities we have created here at home, whether the capacities are military or economic or human."
Legal Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of National Security | 06/10/13 "In the post-9/11 world, the job of being the senior legal authority for the Department of Defense is the perfect storm collision of law, national security, and politics," says Jeh Johnson. He describes 13-14-hour days working on such thorny issues as "Don't Ask Don't Tell," Guantanamo, and weightiest of all, the conflict with al-Qaeda and its affiliates.
Global Ethics Corner: Are Secret Recordings Ethical? | 06/10/13
Secret recordings have been a headache for some high-profile politicians. Many question the morality of the practice, especially when the media gets involved. Do public officials have a right to privacy? Is the value of these recordings too important to ignore?
A Discussion with Independent Diplomat's Carne Ross | 06/03/13 It's not always easy to do the right thing. "Had I had children, had I been 10 years older, I wouldn't have done it." In a candid talk, Carne Ross describes how he struggled with his conscience for years before leaving the British Foreign Service because of the Iraq War, and what he learned from this experience.
Global Ethics Corner: The Private Sector and Cyber Security | 06/03/13
With U.S. companies losing billions of dollars to intellectual property theft, mostly to China, some are suggesting that corporations fight back. Can the government do more? Is "threat based deterrence" from the private sector the answer?
Thought Leader: Peter Morales | 05/30/13
“I want to see a moral and spiritual awakening, and I think it absolutely has to be interfaith. That's a real frontier, moral and spiritual frontier, for humanity.”
When God Talks Back: Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship with God | 05/29/13 What does it mean to have frequent conversations with God, as so many evangelicals say they do? Anthropologist Tanya Luhrmann spent over 10 years as an active member of evangelical churches in different parts of the U.S., and uses her personal experiences, interviews, and scientific training to report on the evangelical faith.
Global Ethics Corner: Why Does the EU Care About Olive Oil? | 05/28/13
A proposed EU ban on the use of dipping bowls and refillable glass bottles of olive oil in restaurants has people asking questions. Is this more useless meddling from the EU bureaucracy? Could the ban help struggling olive oil-producing states? Is there more to this story?
Thought Leader: Alan S. Blinder | 05/22/13 Princeton economist Alan Blinder argues that economic progress and democracy go hand in hand.
Evangelical Catholicism: Deep Reform in the 21st Century | 05/22/13 In this in-depth, erudite talk, George Weigel discusses the historic shift taking place in the Catholic church; the character of the new mode of Catholicism that is coming into being; his personal impressions of the new pope; and the flourishing church in Africa.
Global Ethics Corner: Who Does Everest Belong To? | 05/20/13
A fight on Mt. Everest between Nepalese Sherpas and European climbers has again raised questions about tourism and the world's tallest mountain. Should the Sherpas, who live and work on the mountain, control access to the peak? Should the tourists have any say?
Global Ethics Corner: Food for Peace? | 05/13/13
Food for Peace, which ships American farm products to developing nations, has long been criticized for crowding out local agriculture. Now, to the dismay of the U.S. farming and shipping industries, President Obama is proposing sending nations cash grants. Is "Cash for Peace" a better idea?
Thought Leader: Jessica Jackley | 05/08/13 "My wish for every human being would be that, out of a sense of gratitude for what they do in their own lives, out of a sense of a desire to be connected to other people in the world, whether it's online or in some other way, they reach out; they reach out beyond themselves."
The Undivided Past: Humanity Beyond Our Differences | 05/06/13 "A divided past is only part of the human story. It may be the one that makes the headlines, but, arguably, it's not the only one and it's probably not the most important one either," says David Cannadine. "Human relations are extremely messy. They are not primarily Manichean at all, but they are about blending, borrowing, interacting, and interconnecting."
Global Ethics Corner: Should Childhood Vaccinations Be Mandatory? | 05/06/13
Childhood vaccination programs have been met with skepticism and hostility in the U.S. Some oppose them on religious grounds, while others worry about preservatives. Do governments have a right to make sure children are immunized against contagious diseases?
Thought Leader: Rachel Kleinfeld | 05/02/13 "There are people who have less of that makeup and who are much more likely to see 'yes, and . . . ' solutions, 'both of us together in the same common humanity' solutions, who don't draw the same distinctions between groups all the time."
Global Ethics Corner: Was the Boston Lockdown Justified? | 04/29/13
As authorities searched for one of the Boston Marathon bombers, the city of Boston and its suburbs were put on lockdown. Was this action justified? Does this set a dangerous precedent or should we trust the government to exercise emergency powers judiciously?
The New American Militarism: How Americans Are Seduced by War (2013) | 04/26/13 Andrew Bacevich argues that militarism now permeates U.S. society. These attitudes emerged in the decades after the Vietnam War, and are at odds both with U.S. interests and with its founding traditions.
Thought Leader: Dan Ariely | 04/24/13 "When I think about global morality, the good news is that we're all very similar. The bad news is that, domain-by-domain-specific, we can actually get very bad lessons from society around us about what is acceptable and not acceptable."
To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism | 04/22/13 Very soon, "smart" technologies and "big data" will allow us to make sophisticated interventions in everyday life. Technology will create incentives to get more people to do the right thing. But how will this affect society, once political and moral dilemmas are recast as uncontroversial and easily manageable matters of technological efficiency?
Global Ethics Corner: What’s Going on in Guantanamo Bay? | 04/22/13
With over half of the detainees on a hunger strike, tensions are worse than ever at Guantanamo Bay. Is it finally time for the United States to close this detention camp? Or does it still serve a purpose in the country's ongoing wars?
Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles | 04/19/13
Which countries will be the next big thing? Most follow a four-point cycle, says Sharma: "You have economic crisis. They carry out economic reforms. After they carry out economic reforms, some sort of boom takes place. Then complacency sets in, and then you get back to having a crisis." So beware! Economic development is extremely hard to sustain.
Thought Leader: Robert D. Kaplan | 04/18/13 "Will China, after a few unsteady years, resume its growth, leading to China becoming a power on the scale of the United States? Will China come apart? Will it decompose into regions?"
Global Ethics Corner: Kenyan Election Controversy | 04/15/13
After a controversial election, Kenya has inaugurated Uhuru Kenyatta, who has been indicted by the ICC for crimes against humanity, as its new president. Should Kenya, a hub for the aid community and an important Western ally, face repercussions?
Investing in an Independent Scotland | 04/11/13
In an eloquent speech, First Minister Salmond, leader of the government in Scotland, makes the case for an independent Scotland. In addition to compelling economic reasons, he argues that clearly, "the best people to take decisions about Scotland are the people who choose to live and work in Scotland."
Global Ethics Corner: When Banks Fail, Who Should Pay? | 04/08/13
Cyprus is the latest European state to need a bailout from the Troika of the EU, the IMF, and the ECB. But this time, individual depositors are being asked to pick up part of the tab. Should taxpayers have to bear the burden if banks fail?
Thought Leader Srdja Popovic on Leaders and Nonviolent Movements | 04/05/13
"The good news is that you need a little bit of talent to be a leader, but, like in music, like when you are playing a violin, the talent is only part of the deal. You can train people in leadership skills, and leadership skills are transferable."
Thought Leader: Ethan Zuckerman | 04/03/13 "If you start distributing your human rights videos on YouTube, it's really hard for the government to suddenly say, 'We're going to shut down YouTube. We want nothing to do with all of that.' And if they do, they reveal themselves as censors."
Global Ethics Corner: Are We Good Because of God? | 04/01/13
A new book claiming that bonobos can feel empathy suggests that morality may be biological. If this is the case, what purpose does religion serve? Is it still a useful tool for moral guidance or can we get all our answers from science?
Thought Leader: Thomas Pogge | 03/27/13 Yale's Thomas Pogge describes the Health Impact Fund, which creates incentives for the pharmaceutical industry to develop new drugs and then keep prices down so poor people can afford them.
The Measure of Civilization: How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations | 03/27/13 Ian Morris demonstrates that social development can be measured across thousands of years. Based on past trends, what can we expect in the future? For one thing, the pace of change has accelerated. Morris predicts that the 21st century is going to be a "race between shifts in the balance of power, a transformation of humanity, and catastrophe."
Global Ethics Corner: Who Benefits Most From Wearable Computers? | 03/25/13
Apple and Google will, reportedly, both soon be selling computers that you can wear. But will the trove of details that these devices will be able to collect be an invasion of privacy? Do advertisers stand to gain more from this technology than consumers?
Public Affairs: Everybody Matters: My Life Giving Voice | 03/19/13 In this inspiring talk about her extraordinary life so far, Mary Robinson tells us of her early years and how she became president of Ireland, even though the odds were 100-1; her work as a champion of human rights, especially those of women; and about her current work as president of the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice.
Global Ethics Corner: Will China Finally Turn on North Korea? | 03/18/13
A recent nuclear test and renewed threats from North Korea has led to new sanctions from the UN Security Council. Does this mean that China's patience with North Korea has finally run out? Or will humanitarian and geopolitical concerns keep the two allied?
Thought Leader: Michael Doyle | 03/13/13 "He’s not just a constitution designer. He’s certainly not a political scientist. For him, this philosophic exercise, the real purpose of it was to provide the moral grounds for which statesmen should strive to attain peace, because it was hypothetically possible."
Doing Capitalism in the Innovation Economy: Markets, Speculation and the State | 03/12/13 Economic growth is driven by successive processes of trial and error: research and invention and then experiments in exploiting the new economic space opened by innovation. Today, however, with the state frozen as an economic actor and access to public equity markets only open to a minority, the innovation economy is stalled. Warburg Pincus's William Janeway discusses how to get this vital economic sector moving again.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation on Bioethics with NASA's Paul Root Wolpe | 03/11/13 In this eye-opening conversation, renowned bioethicist Dr. Wolpe grapples with the ethical issues raised by advances in biotechnology and neuroscience, including "brain fingerprinting" and eventual mind-reading.
Global Ethics Corner: What Will Be Hugo Chávez’s Legacy? | 03/11/13
The world's eyes are on Venezuela as Hugo Chavez's death leaves many questions. Will he be remembered as a champion of the poor or will his legacy be stained by Venezuela's high crime rates? Was he a repressive tyrant or a victim of American propaganda?
Global Ethics Corner: Is it Time to Arm the Syrian Rebels? | 03/04/13
With the Syrian civil war about to turn two years old and the death toll approaching 70,000, some are saying it is time for the U.S. or the UN to intervene. Could arming the anti-Assad rebels bring an end to the war? Or would it bring greater instability to the region?
Behind the Headlines--After the Israeli Elections: A New Chapter or More of the Same? | 02/28/13 Why were the recent Israeli elections results so different from expectations? Why were the main issues domestic ones, with little attention paid to Iran or the Palestinian situation? For answers to these questions and more, look to Yoram Peri's expert analysis of the complexities of Israeli politics and concerns.
Thought Leader: Rebecca MacKinnon | 02/27/13 "I think there's tremendous potential in the technology, but we have to use it responsibly. We need to figure out how we create the right structures that empower and maximize the good and constrain the evil."
China's Search for Security | 02/25/13 In this masterly and comprehensive talk, Andrew Nathan looks at the world from Beijing's viewpoint and sees a very challenging environment for China. He identifies four rings of security concerns: inside China's territory; its 24 surrounding countries; six regional systems; and the rest of the world.
Global Ethics Corner: Is Multilateralism Dead? | 02/25/13
For years, large global organizations, like the G-20 or the UN, have failed to cooperate on major international challenges, like climate change. Is "mini-lateralism," in which a few major world powers work together to tackle these problems, a viable and ethical alternative?
Report from the Middle East | 02/22/13 Chuck Freilich's knowledgeable talk gives us an overview of the primary forces at work today in the Middle East--and some potential outcomes. He also provides an insider's analysis of Israel's politics and prospects.
Thought Leader: Kishore Mahbubani | 02/22/13 "By 2030, probably more than half the world’s population is going to enjoy middle class living standards. That, in moral and ethical terms, is a remarkably positive development, because the capacity of people to escape the imprisonment of poverty is going to grow dramatically in the next few decades."
Global Ethics Corner: Is al-Qaeda Making a Comeback? | 02/19/13
President Obama called al-Qaeda a "shadow of its former self," but the organization is making inroads in Mali and Algeria and some say it is as dangerous as ever. How much of a threat is al-Qaeda? Has the terrorist group made a comeback?
The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate | 02/11/13 With a breadth and depth of knowledge spanning not only current geopolitics but centuries of history, Robert Kaplan shows us the crucial importance of geography in shaping our destinies. Geography still matters, and always will.
Going to Tehran: Prospects for U.S.-Iranian Engagement | 02/11/13 Americans' view of Iran as an illegitimate system in imminent danger of overthrow is wrongheaded, wishful thinking, say the Leveretts. The U.S. needs to come to terms with the Islamic Republic of Iran, not as a favor to Iran, but to save its own position in the Middle East and avert another war. Nixon went to China. Obama needs to go to Iran.
Global Ethics Corner: Does Iceland Offer a Better Path to Economic Recovery? | 02/11/13
When Iceland was hit hard in the 2008 financial crisis, it responded by doing everything Western economic theorists told it not to. It has made an impressive recovery, but financial problems remain. Should other countries follow Iceland's unorthodox model?
Thought Leader: Luis Moreno-Ocampo | 02/07/13 "The new world, the 21st century is about global communication and global citizenship. I see this particularly in the young people."
Global Ethics Corner: Is the Arab Spring Over? | 02/04/13
The hope that existed at the beginning Arab Spring has been marred by violence and conflict in Syria, Libya, Egypt, and elsewhere. Have we entered the Arab Winter? If so, how long will this phase last?
Michael Walzer: Who is Responsible for the World's Ethical Challenges? | 02/01/13 "The greatest responsibilities fall on the people with the most power to act. But if we live in democracies, then we are the people who choose the people with the most power to act."
Five Myths About Nuclear Weapons | 01/30/13 What if everything we believe about nuclear weapons is wrong? "Reexamine the facts and you'll see that the arguments for nuclear weapons aren't powerful; they're preposterous. They are an unpersuasive collection of wishful thinking held together by nothing more than fear and rationalization."
Global Ethics Corner: Will the European Endowment for Democracy Really Work? | 01/28/13
The European Union has faced criticism in recent years for not doing enough to promote democratic values abroad. With the formation of the European Endowment for Democracy, this could be changing. Will this initiative really work?
Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2013 with Ian Bremmer | 01/23/13 "There are three big things happening right now in the world: China rising, Middle East exploding, Europe muddling through. Those are the things that truly matter, in the sense that they have potentially very different kinds of trajectories and outcomes depending on where they go."
Global Ethics Corner: Should Scholarly Research Be Free For All? | 01/22/13
Facing prosecution for illegally downloading millions of academic articles, Internet activist Aaron Swartz recently committed suicide. Should Swartz have been facing jail time? Should scholarly research be available for free?
A Fragile New Burma | 01/17/13 Back from a recent fact-finding trip to Burma, veteran Asia correspondent Barbara Crossette reports on the complex situation there. People have high hopes for more openness and prosperity, yet there is a total lack of infrastructure, several serious religious ethnic conflicts, and some simmering doubts about the leadership capabilities of icon Aung San Suu Kyi.
Thought Leader: Enrique Penalosa | 01/16/13 "I believe nation-states will become weaker and weaker, and the faster they disappear, the better, because they create hatreds and they create inequality and they create environmental degradation."
Global Ethics Corner: Sexual Violence in India: From Punishment to Deterrence | 01/14/13
A brutal gang rape on a New Delhi bus has sparked global outrage and national soul-searching in India. Many are calling for the death penalty for the rapists, but is this the answer? What can India do to prevent rape in the short and long term?
Ambassador Seyed Hossein Mousavian: Prospects for U.S.-Iran Relations | 01/11/13 Iran and the U.S. have a long list of common interests, including Afghanistan, stability in Iraq, and fighting drug trafficking. A good way to start creating trust between the two nations would be to cooperate on these issues, instead of always focusing on divisive ones like nuclear capability.
Global Ethics Corner: Not Enough Fish in the Sea? | 01/07/13
Marine fish stocks are dangerously low, but this hasn't stopped China from sending its fishing fleets to distant waters, sometimes illegally. Could China's insatiable appetite for seafood be a threat to the world's fisheries? Is there more we should be worried about?
Global Ethics Corner: Are Women Second Class Citizens in the U.S. Military? | 12/21/12
Despite making valuable contributions to the U.S. military since the Civil War, women are still technically excluded from direct ground combat roles. Is this policy outdated? Would troop morale and performance suffer if changes were made immediately?
Why Tolerate Religion? | 12/19/12 Why do Western democracies single out religion for preferential treatment? For example, why can a Sikh boy carry a dagger to school while other children cannot? Is this morally and legally justifiable?
Talibanistan: Negotiating the Borders Between Terror, Politics, and Religion | 12/19/12 "Talibanistan" is the nickname for the embattled territory from Kandahar in Afghanistan to Pakistan's Northwest Frontier Province and Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Two experts explode some of the myths about Afghanistan and discuss the U.S. presence there, both past and future.
Ethics Matter: Srdja Popovic on Creating Successful Nonviolent Movements | 12/18/12 Successful nonviolent movements need three things: the cool factor, memorable branding, and humor, says Popovic. He cofounded the Serbian youth movement Otpor!, which played a major role in toppling Milosevic, and his work training activists in Egypt and Tunisia is widely credited for inspiring Arab Spring protesters.
Global Ethics Corner: Justice For Some, But Not For All? | 12/17/12
Recent acquittals of Croat and Kosovo-Albanian officials in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia have left some doubting the UN court's impartiality. What implications could this have when it comes to fostering reconciliation in the Balkans?
Global Ethics Corner: Which Separatist Movements Will Succeed? | 12/10/12
From Spain to Scotland to even the United States, separatist movements are making headlines. Do any of these have a chance to succeed? Or all they just for show?
On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines--and Future | 12/06/12 Drawing on over 30 years of experience of reporting on Saudi Arabia, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Karen Elliott House takes us behind the scenes in this secretive Kingdom--a country ruled by a coterie of princes with an average age of 77, where 60 percent of the population is under the age of 20.
Ethics Matter: Dan Ariely on the Hidden Forces that Shape our Decisions | 12/04/12 Why do smart people cheat? Why do we eat more than we should or text while driving? In this funny and insightful talk, behavioral economist Dan Ariely explores the hidden factors that shape our most puzzling decisions and shows how emotions, peer pressure, and sheer irrationalism dictate our behavior.
Global Ethics Corner: FARC Comes to the Table | 12/03/12
After decades of violence, rebel group FARC is negotiating with the Colombian government. The group has unsuccessfully petitioned the American government, though, to release a FARC leader, incarcerated in the U.S., to take part in the talks. Should the U.S. release the prisoner in a gesture of good faith?
America in the 21st Century: A View from America | 11/30/12 "Why is it that the political system today seems so gridlocked? Why is the issue of brinkmanship in America so incredibly debilitating and so very real? Is there something which has always been the case in U.S. history or is there something else going on today which is fueling this problem and making this age of brinkmanship so pernicious?"
Innovation and Leadership in 21st Century Media | 11/30/12 So you want to be an innovator and a leader: How can you make your internship/job application stand out? How can you use social media to develop your own leadership skills and to mentor others? Get some tips and out-of-the-box ideas from this hands-on discussion with Doug Mitchell.
Human Rights Watch: Promoting Ethical Behavior When It's Contested | 11/29/12 It's the job of Human Rights Watch to shine a spotlight on human rights abuses worldwide, including in the U.S., says its executive director Ken Roth. We speak not for the public conscience, but to it, "and if we have hit that conscience accurately, it’s reflected in shame, and governments then have to respond to that."
Exit the Colonel: The Hidden History of the Libyan Revolution | 11/27/12 The real story of the Libyan Revolution began not with the Arab Spring, but in 2003, when anti-Qaddafi sanctions were lifted. Former U.S. diplomat Ethan Chorin was posted to Libya in 2004 and was in Benghazi when Ambassador Stevens was killed. He gives an insider's perspective on this complex tale.
Global Ethics Corner: Is It Too Soon to Normalize Relations with Burma? | 11/26/12
As Burma begins to reform its government, the U.S. has been quick to begin normalizing relations with the Asian state. Are geostrategic considerations overshadowing lingering questions about human rights as U.S. foreign policy pivots toward Asia?
Why and How the Euro Zone Crisis Will Be Solved | 11/19/12 Danish economist Jacob Funk Kirkegaard offers a contrarian take on the euro zone crisis. While he notes that there are political problems within the European Union, he argues that the crisis is an opportunity from which Europe will emerge more integrated and resilient.
Global Ethics Corner: Should Adultery be Illegal for Military Personnel? | 11/19/12
Although he was allegedly retired from the military when the affair took place, the scandal surrounding David Petraeus highlights the different ethical standard that members of the armed services are held to. Should adultery be deemed illegal for military personnel?
Thought Leader: Carne Ross | 11/14/12 "At the heart of this form of anarchist theory, which is what this is, is a belief that true self-determination, self-realization of the self, can only be fulfilled without authority."
Thought Leader: Dambisa Moyo | 11/13/12 "Moral leadership to me is about selflessness. But in a world of personal aggrandizement and short-term-ism, I do fear that we'll see less moral leadership and perhaps more of what we don't want."
Global Ethics Corner: How Should the Media Cover Natural Disasters? | 11/12/12
As Superstorm Sandy made clear, natural disasters can wreak havoc on rich and poor countries, alike. However, the Western media's coverage often tilts away from the developing world. Is this a problem? What can individuals do to change this?
Thought Leader: Kwame Anthony Appiah | 11/07/12 "The more our societies are in conversation, the more likely it is, when it comes to having to make the hard decisions that are involved in discussions where you have to settle something, the more likely we are to be able to do it."
Syria: The Fall of the House of Assad | 11/07/12 David W. Lesch has traveled to Syria repeatedly since 1989 and met President Bashar al-Assad several times in the mid-2000s. He discusses the conflict in the influential Middle Eastern nation, why an American intervention is a dangerous idea, and why Assad has cracked down so absolutely.
Global Ethics Corner: Should U.S. Elections be Reformed? | 11/05/12
(This was originally posted on April 23, 2010.) Is it time to reform the U.S. electoral structure? Should more views be represented? Do narrow interests have too much power? What do you think?
Global Ethics Corner: Should the UN Condemn the Death Penalty? | 10/31/12
Is the UN right to condemn the death penalty--even if it abides by international law? Or should it stay within the confines of existing human rights legislation, and leave the advocacy of legislative changes to others? What do you think?
Public Affairs: America in the 21st Century: A View from Asia | 10/26/12 The good, the bad, and the ugly: distinguished Singaporean Kishore Mahbubani politely but firmly tells Americans how Asians see them, and warns, "the world that is coming is a world outside your comfort zones."
Ethics Matter: Environmentalist Bill McKibben on Climate Change | 10/26/12 It's wrong to say Americans are addicted to fossil fuel. The addicts are oil and gas company executives, who won't give up their profits. Until we put a price on carbon that reflects the damage it does in the atmosphere, we’ll continue to have this catastrophic market failure and moral failure.
Is the World Becoming More Peaceful? | 10/24/12 In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
Thought Leader: Juan Somavia | 10/23/12 "We may have globalization, we have more interconnectedness, lots of things are happening, more trade. But what's the moral compass? You have the feeling that the compass is 'If you can get away with it, it's all right. If you are not found out, okay.'"
Global Ethics Corner: Anti-Gay Legislation: What Can Be Done? | 10/22/12
Anti-gay legislation is garnering support in Ukraine and many other countries are backtracking on equal rights for homosexuals. Is there anything international institutions can do to stop sovereign nations from passing anti-gay laws? Is condemnation enough?
From the Ruins of Empire: The Intellectuals Who Remade Asia | 10/16/12 Pankaj Mishra explores the little-known history of the first generation of Asian intellectuals, such as China's Liang Qichao and the Persian political activist al-Afghani, and discusses how their ideas influenced Asia's postcolonial state-building programs.
Global Ethics Corner: The Future of Stem Cell Research: Has Science Gone Too Far? | 10/15/12
Now that scientists are able to create fertile mammal eggs using stem cells, many people are asking some tough ethical questions. Has science gone too far this time? How can we manage the benefits of stem cell research, against the potential moral pitfalls?
The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion | 10/10/12 "Haidt is one of the smartest and most creative psychologists alive, and his newest book, "The Righteous Mind," is a tour de force--a brave, brilliant and eloquent exploration of the most important issues of our time. It will challenge the way you think about liberals and conservatives, atheism and religion, good and evil."--Paul Bloom, Yale University.
Global Ethics Corner: Is the Special Status of Diplomatic Missions a Thing of the Past? | 10/09/12
Under rules codified at the 1961 Vienna Convention, diplomatic missions are generally considered inviolable. But with the murder of Libya Ambassador Chris Stevens in mind, is this special status changing? How can the Vienna Convention be upheld?
Balancing Security and Civil Liberties in the Post-9/11 Era | 10/05/12
How do you balance security and civil rights when protecting New York City, America's most enduring terrorist target? NY Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly discusses the controversial "stop and frisk" law, the role of technology and police stationed overseas, and publicly announces the expansion of video recording of post-arrest statements.
Ethics Matter: Dambisa Moyo on How Aid to Africa is Harmful | 10/05/12 Aid has failed to create economic growth, says Moyo, and allows governments to evade their responsibilities. So when people say that aid provides essential services, they're missing the point. Except when disaster strikes, governments should be responsible for their citizens, not the international community.
Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan and Afghanistan | 10/04/12 Courageous journalist Ahmed Rashid discusses the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan as the U.S. approaches its scheduled withdrawal in 2014. He goes on to analyze the deepening crisis in Pakistan, which he considers to be even worse.
Restless Empire: China and the World Since 1750 | 09/27/12 In this astute analysis, Westad explains China's international relations over the last 250 years from a Chinese perspective, providing valuable insights into its current and future course.
America in the 21st Century: A View from the Arab World | 09/27/12 The key is still the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Muasher. "The U.S. is not going to be able to regain its credibility in the region if it tells the Arab public that 'If you are Egyptians or Tunisians or Syrians or Libyans yearning for freedom, we are with you, but if you are Palestinians yearning for freedom, it's complicated.'"
Global Ethics Corner: Can Trust Be Restored? | 09/24/12
With a U.S.-made anti-Islam film angering many in the Muslim world, some are wondering if there is an unbridgeable divide between the two cultures. Is Islam compatible with free speech and democracy? Can trust between the U.S. and Muslim communities be restored?
Global Ethics Corner: Can We Know Too Much About Osama bin Laden's Death? | 09/14/12
With the publishing of "No Easy Day," a tell-all from a retired Navy SEAL about the raid that killed bin Laden, questions are being asked about how much the public needs to know. Should free speech be limited when it comes to national security matters?
The Power of Safety: How Safe Habits Triggered Responsibility at Alcoa | 09/14/12 Business ethics professor and former Alcoa VP Bill O'Rourke shows how making safety a top priority transformed Alcoa across the board, in every aspect of its business. In this interactive session, he works through specific cases to demonstrate its impact.
Global Ethics Corner: South Africa: The Impossible Dream? | 09/07/12
It's been about 20 years since South Africa emerged from apartheid, but a recent series of violent confrontations between police and striking mine workers have exposed the bitter divisions of the "rainbow nation." Can South Africa remain a peaceful and prosperous example for Africa?
Global Ethics Corner: Are Grand Bargains Overrated? | 08/31/12
With the crisis in Syria escalating, many analysts think a lasting resolution will be found in an internationally negotiated comprehensive settlement. Is a grand bargain possible in Syria? Is this idea overrated, in any case?
Global Ethics Corner: Are Party Conventions Necessary? | 08/24/12
Do the presidential nominating conventions still serve a purpose in American politics? Do these events need to be reformed or scaled down? Or should they be scrapped altogether?
Declining Fish Stocks | 08/17/12
Three-quarters of the world's fish stocks are in distress and many fisheries could collapse by midcentury. Should we ban industrial fishing or regulate it for sustainable output? Can farmed fish make up the difference? Furthermore, who will police the oceans? What do you think?
Global Ethics Corner: Is Censorship Ever Justified? | 08/10/12
From jailing bloggers in Ethiopia to legislating religion-neutral clothing in France, censorship takes many forms. Is censorship ever warranted, even if it's used to promote tolerance? Or should the American model, in which the First Amendment reigns, be the world's standard?
Global Ethics Corner: Are the Olympics Worth It? | 08/03/12
The London Olympics are unfolding as Britain endures a severe recession. With a $17 billion price tag, are the Olympics worth it for a nation going through financial difficulties? Or does the glory of the games and the temporary economic boost make them a wise investment?
Global Ethics Corner: Do Stricter Gun Controls Reduce Gun-Related Violence? | 07/27/12
The gun control debate in the United States has been revived in the wake of the Aurora massacre. With thousands of firearm-related homicides each year in the U.S., should it be harder to buy a gun? Or is gun ownership a core liberty that defines the American way of life?
Global Ethics Corner: Prosecuting Pirates: Enforcing the Rule of Law at Sea | 07/20/12
With Somali piracy surging over the last four years, the UN is calling for travel and financial sanctions on senior pirate leaders. Is this an effective way to punish the ringleaders or could it make piracy more violent? Should the focus, instead, be on the underlying problems in Somalia?
Global Ethics Corner: Should America Stop Selling Weapons to Human Rights Violators? | 07/13/12
A recent report showed that the American arms industry made billions last year selling to states with questionable human rights records. Should a global treaty be enacted mandating greater transparency on international arms sales? Should Americans stop selling to these countries altogether?
Beyond the Checkbook: New Models for Corporate Philanthropy | 07/11/12 This workshop features representatives from Citi Foundation, Thomson Reuters Foundation, Liquidnet for Good, and the UN Population Fund. Together with businesspeople and Carnegie New Leaders, they discuss new trends and challenges in modern philanthropy.
Thought Leader: Anne-Marie Slaughter | 07/11/12 "There are things we can't do, even with all the power of the United States. But then we shouldn't hide from it. We shouldn't turn away and pretend that something else is happening."
Global Ethics Corner: How Should Domestic Drones Be Regulated? | 07/06/12
Americans are used to hearing about drones being used in Pakistan and Yemen, but they are increasingly being deployed domestically. With organizations from NASA to community colleges flying unmanned aerial vehicles in the U.S., what is the best way to regulate this technology?
The Arab Spring: Unfinished Business | 07/05/12 What should we make of Egypt's new president? What should the United States do in Syria? What is the future of the Palestine-Israel conflict? International Crisis Group's Robert Malley tries to make sense of a confusing time in the Middle East and North Africa.
Global Rules, Local Rulers | 07/05/12
Carnegie UK Trust staff open up a fascinating discussion with the Carnegie Council audience on their research into the relationship between advocacy groups, citizens, and international organizations that regulate trade, markets, and consumer policy.
Global Ethics Corner: Patriotism: Unquestioned Commitment or Dangerous Justification? | 06/29/12
Can you acknowledge dissenters as patriots? Can you dissent and still sing the national anthem wholeheartedly? Can you live in a middle ground?
How Much is Enough?: Money and the Good Life | 06/27/12 Our obsession with amassing ever more wealth is actually robbing us of the good life, argue Robert and Edward Skidelsky. They identify seven basic needs that together make up the good life and lay out some radical social proposals to achieve them.
The Leaderless Revolution: How Ordinary People Will Take Power and Change Politics in the 21st Century | 06/26/12
Countries the world over are suffering from a deficit of democracy, says Carne Ross, and it's not enough just to protest and/or tinker with the existing system. Radical change is needed. We, the people, must take on the burden of governing ourselves.
What Does It Mean to Prevent Genocide? | 06/26/12
It's essential to understand that genocide is a process, not an event, says Tibi Galis from the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation. It doesn't just happen out of the blue. So there are chances to step in and change the course of this process.
Global Ethics Corner: The ICC Turns 10: Is International Justice Both Just and Effective? | 06/22/12
The International Criminal Court turns 10 in July after a tumultuous first decade. With only a handful of rulings handed down, critics say the ICC is not efficient and beholden to Western ideals. Is it possible for international justice to be fair and effective?
Global Ethics Corner: The Ethics of Cyber Warfare | 06/15/12
An influential Russian engineer recently called for an international ban on cyber weapons, saying that they could have unforeseen consequences, but many American analysts disagree. Are these weapons dangerous or are they a cheaper and more ethical alternative to traditional warfare?
The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future | 06/14/12 Policy expert and scholar Victor Cha lifts the curtain on North Korea, one of the world's most isolated, poorly-understood, and dangerous nations, and explains why he believes that the level of risk has escalated since Kim Jong-il's death.
Arkady Murashev on "Reforming" the Moscow Police Force (1991-92) | 06/11/12 Active in Russian politics since the early days of Perestroika, Arkady Murashev discusses his part in bringing down the Soviet Union and and working towards a new form of government.
Global Ethics Corner: The Ethics of "Citizens United": Does Corporate Cash Threaten Democracy? | 06/08/12
Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker recently won his recall election and many are saying this is due, in part, to the "Citizens United" decision, which gave corporations and unions free reign to spend on elections. Does the influx of corporate cash make elections less fair or more free?
Every Nation for Itself: Winners and Losers in a G-Zero World | 06/08/12 What's a G-zero world? It's when no one takes a global leadership role, when no one is willing to, and no one is capable of doing it--and that's the world we're living in now, according to political scientist Ian Bremmer. So what does this mean for both now and the future?
Thought Leader: Ian Bremmer | 06/06/12 "When we talk about international affairs, you can be as 'Realpolitik' as you want, but you're talking about people, you're not talking about assets. You're talking about living, feeling, breathing beings."
Exit Interview | 06/04/12 Overall, former president of ABC News David Westin is optimistic about the future of journalism. But it's increasingly up to us, the public, to weigh news reporting, to ask ourselves questions about it, and to reward good journalism with our time and attention.
Global Ethics Corner: Is a "Kill List" of Terrorists Ethical? | 06/01/12
After a recent "New York Times" story on Obama's "kill list" of terrorists, many are questioning the president's counterterrorism strategy. Is it ethical for President Obama to be selecting targets? Should the United States be doing more to keep civilians from becoming collateral damage?
Pax Ethnica: Where and How Diversity Succeeds | 05/31/12 The headlines are full of stories of deep-simmering hatreds and ethnic strife. How about some good news for a change? Historians Meyer and Brysac explore places where diversity is actually working, from Kerala to Queens. What can we learn from these "oases of civility"?
Global Ethics Corner: What Does Chen Guangcheng's Arrival in the U.S. Mean for Human Rights in China? | 05/25/12
With Chen Guangcheng now in the United States on a student visa, a diplomatic nightmare has been averted for the Obama administration. But this compromise has left some human rights advocates disappointed. What effect, if any, will Chen's arrival have on human rights in China?
Global Ethics Corner: Should Universities be Giving so Many Ph.D.'s? | 05/18/12
A Ph.D. used to be a ticket to a comfortable career in academia. But, in recent years, increasing numbers of Ph.D.'s have had trouble finding jobs or are earning less than minimum wage with no benefits. Are universities responsible for matching supply and demand in the Ph.D. job market?
America in the 21st Century: A View from Europe | 05/17/12 It's likely that the U.S. will cease to be the world's largest economic power by not later than the 2020s, predicts Martin Wolf. However--depending on its policy choices--it will probably remain a center of world innovation in research, technology, and business.
Public Affairs: Private Empire: ExxonMobil and American Power | 05/16/12 ExxonMobil is rather like France, says Steve Coll. It's mostly aligned with the U.S; it's sometimes opposed, but a lot of the time it's just busy keeping track of its own separate system and really doesn't want to be entangled in U.S. power unless it serves ExxonMobil interests.
Global Ethics Corner: Vigilante Justice: Have Libyans' Demands for Retribution Gone Too Far? | 05/11/12
Libya's civil war is over, but many victims of the Qaddafi regime are still violently meting out justice to their former oppressors. Will this just lead to a vicious cycle of abuse in the North African state? How can Libya balance the victims' needs with the perpetrators' basic human rights?
Ethics Matter: Dov Seidman, a Moral Philosopher in a Suit | 05/11/12 Leadership is going from being command-and-control to connect-and-collaborate; from inspecting for trust to giving it away; and from discussing success towards significance: "If we make a difference for our consumers, our people, and the world, success will find us."
Planet Money Tells the Story of Sovereign Debt | 05/09/12 How can you explain the European debt crisis so that ordinary Americans can understand--and what's more, care? Through interviews and story-telling techniques, these two NPR reporters show us that it's actually a long-drawn-out love story.
Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan, and Afghanistan | 05/08/12 Courageous journalist Ahmed Rashid discusses the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan as the U.S. approaches its scheduled withdrawal in 2014. He goes on to analyze the deepening crisis in Pakistan, which he considers to be even worse.
Global Ethics Corner: When Are Drones Strikes Ethical? | 05/04/12
President Obama's top counterterrorism adviser recently defended drone strikes, saying they are legal, wise, and moral. But, citing international law, many critics question this approach, especially in a non-combat zone like Pakistan. Is it ethically problematic to rely on drone strikes?
Heaven on Earth: A Journey Through Shari'a Law from the Deserts of Ancient Arabia to the Streets of the Modern Muslim World | 05/02/12 In the wake of the terrorist attacks and wars of the last decade, for many non-Muslims "shari'a" has become both a loaded word and an all-encompassing explanation. But the history and practice of shari'a is actually complex and varied, as Sadakat Kadri discovers.
Global Ethics Corner: A Warrior Ethic: Can Military Ethics be Taught? | 04/27/12
After the recent highly publicized stories of American military members desecrating the remains of Taliban soldiers, many in the U.S. armed forces are learning about the ethics of war through workshops. Will these lessons work? Can warfare morality be learned in a classroom?
Global Ethics Corner: Is the World Bank Outdated? | 04/20/12
With the election of another American to head the World Bank, some are questioning the institution's legitimacy and role in the world. Since once-impoverished nations are driving world economic growth, should the developing world have a greater say in the bank's governance?
No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn | 04/18/12 How do we manage a world where no one power is dominant, and emerging powers have their own views about how to organize political, social, and commercial life?
The "How" of Business Ethics in the Financial Sector | 04/13/12 With his public resignation letter, Goldman Sachs executive Greg Smith lamented "the decline in the firm's moral fiber." How can financial managers strengthen the ethical backbones of their organizations? What can a junior-level employee do to influence the firm's direction?
Global Ethics Corner: Do Super-Maximum Security Prisons Constitute Cruel and Unusual Punishment? | 04/13/12
A surprise ruling from the European Court of Human Rights could send five terror suspects to a super-maximum security prison in the United States. Is keeping inmates in solitary confinement for years a form of torture? Or is Supermax a necessary tool to combat global terror?
Finance and the Good Society | 04/11/12 Despite the financial industry's bad reputation in the wake of the financial crisis, finance could be one of the most powerful tools we have for solving our common problems. How can we harness it for the greater good? Robert Shiller has some groundbreaking ideas.
The Race for What's Left: The Global Scramble for the World's Last Resources | 04/10/12 As we run out of resources, the human race is at a pivotal point. We have two options: We can continue along the same path, leading to much of the planet becoming uninhabitable. Or we can create an alternative future where we use resources in a much more sustainable and frugal way.
Global Ethics Corner: Daisey and Foxconn: Is Exaggeration Acceptable When Raising Awareness? | 04/05/12
Mike Daisey has admitted to fabricating parts of his story on Foxconn for "This American Life." But, perhaps partly due to the attention his story received, the Chinese factory is undergoing a labor audit and plans to raise wages. Is it ever ethical to lie for a larger truth?
Ethics Matter: Mary Ellen Iskenderian, CEO of Women's World Banking | 04/04/12 CEO of Women's World Banking Iskenderian explains why investing in women makes so much sense. She also tackles the recent critiques of microfinance and discusses how it is evolving.
Iran: A Diplomatic Solution | 04/04/12 In this knowledgeable and detailed talk, Ambassador Pickering cuts through the current hysteria about Iran, stressing that we still have time for diplomacy. In fact it may finally be the right moment for both sides to engage in constructive talks.
The Responsibility to Protect: A New International Norm? | 04/04/12 What is Responsibility to Protect exactly? Dutch Ambassador Herman Schaper gives an expert talk on how it developed, how it is defined, how it was implemented in Libya, and what are the implications for the future.
Power, Inc.: The Epic Rivalry Between Big Business and Government--and the Reckoning That Lies Ahead | 04/02/12 David Rothkopf issues a wake-up call to Americans: We have to drop our knee-jerk, partisan attitudes and ask, "What will produce the kind of society that we want to have?" We also have to stop assuming that U.S. capitalism and U.S. views will be dominant in the future.
Global Ethics Corner: Health Care in America: Should all Americans have a Right to Affordable Care? | 03/30/12
With the Supreme Court set to make a decision, the Affordable Care Act is a major source of debate in the United States. Do all Americans have the right to affordable health care? Or does the individual mandate, which requires that all Americans buy insurance, go too far?
The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations | 03/29/12
According to Michael Ross, it's no coincidence that major oil-producing countries have less democracy, fewer opportunities for women, more frequent civil wars, and more volatile economic growth than the rest of the world.
Global Ethics Corner: Ethics in Banking: Is There Hope for Wall Street? | 03/23/12
The very public resignation of Goldman Sachs executive Greg Smith is the low point in a bad year for Wall Street. With the Occupy movement and a rumored recruiting crisis in mind, is there any hope left for Wall Street? Can the banks rebound and find a way to be ethical?
Global Ethics Corner: "Kony 2012": The Power of Simplicity or the Perils of Oversimplification? | 03/16/12
Invisible Children's Kony 2012 campaign has reached critical mass and turned Joseph Kony into a household name. But does the organization's simplified message misinform the public and whitewash the evils of the Ugandan government? Will it all be worth it if Kony is arrested?
The Emergency State: America's Pursuit of Absolute National Security at All Costs | 03/09/12 David Unger argues that because of national security fears, the U.S. has bypassed its Constitution, creating an "emergency state." The result is excessive military spending, a series of unconstitutional wars, and skewed global trade policies. He also tackles Europe's economic crisis.
Global Ethics Corner: Scotland Steps Up: Will it Become Independent? | 03/09/12
With a recent resurgence of nationalism, Scottish independence is once again a topic of discussion. Do Scotland's vast oil reserves make this a realistic possibility? Or would reliance on a single resource cause the new country to struggle economically after breaking away from the U.K.?
Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America | 03/06/12 Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Gabriel Marcia Marquez, Octavio Paz, and many more: Krauze discusses Latin America's intellectual, literary, and political figures who were inspired by revolutionary ideas, and hopes that his book will be "a requiem for the Latin American passionate revolution."
DarkMarket: Cyberthieves, Cybercops, and You | 03/05/12 If you use a computer or a credit card, watch out! Governments, companies, and individuals are losing billions of dollars a year fighting an ever-morphing, often invisible, and often supersmart new breed of criminal: the hacker.
Ethics Matter: Policymaker and Scholar Anne-Marie Slaughter | 03/02/12 Anne-Marie Slaughter on the responsibility to protect: "I believe in a values-based foreign policy and looking to cooperate as often as I can. I also think that's basic self-interest. We don't do well when we go in without the support of other nations."
Global Ethics Corner: A Force for Good or Evil? Google Maps and Border Wars | 03/02/12
Border disputes have been around for thousands of years, but in the age of Google Maps, they are taking on another dimension. Does Google bear any responsibility if a conflict arises because of borders it has drawn? Or should we all realize that these maps are just for "entertainment"?
Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China | 02/28/12 Deng Xiaoping was one of the most important leaders of the 20th century. Scholar Ezra Vogel discusses Deng's life, focusing on his work in opening up China to other countries. Vogel also grapples with the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, which was carried out on Deng's orders.
Responsible Oversight: How Boards can Promote Profitable and Ethical Organizations | 02/28/12
In this in-depth discussion, participants examine two case-studies, one for-profit and one non-profit organization: Kimberly-Clark (parent company of Kleenex and Huggies, among other brands), and iMentor, a youth-mentoring program that helps students graduate from high school.
Global Ethics Corner: China on the Rise: Is China's Political Model Superior? | 02/24/12
With economic malaise and political stalemates commonplace across the U.S. and Europe, some are beginning to look to China for answers. Is democracy, with its check and balances, still the best form of governance? Or could the West learn a few things from the "China model"?
Global Ethics Corner: Should the International Community Intervene in Syria? | 02/17/12
It's been almost a year since demonstrations started in Syria and the government crackdown gets bloodier every day. With sanctions not producing results, is it time for a military intervention? Or do conditions on the ground and possible civilian deaths make this option too risky?
All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals | 02/10/12 David Scheffer was at the forefront of the efforts leading to criminal tribunals for the Balkans, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia. His quest has been to "to discover the right formula, in ever-changing international circumstances, to confront monstrous evil and to do so in the courtroom."
Currency Wars: The Making of the Next Global Crisis | 02/10/12 We are already in Currency War III, says Rickards, who sees four possible outcomes--none of them good--that he calls "the four horsemen of the dollar apocalypse." Here's a tip: keep your eye on gold.
Global Ethics Corner: The Cuban Embargo Turns 50: Time to Rethink U.S. Policy? | 02/10/12
As the Cuban embargo reaches a milestone, a majority of Americans think it's time for a change. Many argue that the communist stronghold is no longer a threat and the sanctions only serve to hurt the Cuban people. Is it time to lift the embargo or should Obama maintain the status quo?
Public Parts: How Sharing in the Digital Age Improves the Way We Work and Live | 02/07/12 Well-known blogger Jeff Jarvis celebrates what he calls the "emerging age of publicness," arguing that anything we have to fear in this new networked world is overwhelmingly outweighed by all the good that will come from it.
Ethics Matter: Philosopher Thomas Pogge, Crusader for Global Justice | 02/07/12 In this fascinating conversation, Thomas Pogge explains how growing up in post-war Germany awakened him to injustice. He lays out his plan for reforming the pharmaceutical industry, and much more.
Global Ethics Corner: The Arab Spring Turns One Year Old: What Next? | 02/03/12
As the Arab Spring celebrates its one-year anniversary, the West is cautiously awaiting the next step. Will democracy flourish in the Middle East and North Africa? Or will authoritarianism and fundamental Islam be the basis for the new governments born from the revolutions of 2011?
A Single Roll of the Dice: Obama's Diplomacy with Iran | 01/27/12 Trita Parsi recounts the previously unknown story of American and Iranian negotiations during Obama's early years as president, and the real reasons for their current stalemate. Contrary to prevailing opinion, Parsi contends that diplomacy has not been fully tried.
Global Ethics Corner: Made in the USA: The Return of American Manufacturing | 01/27/12
President Obama's plan for a manufacturing revival has seen bipartisan support, but some economists are asking serious questions. Will more Americans on assembly lines stifle innovation? And can the U.S. compete with the lower wages and willing workers found overseas?
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2012 with Ian Bremmer | 01/25/12 What are the biggest political risks in 2012, and the associated ethical decisions? Political risk guru Ian Bremmer discusses his annual list, and his conclusions may surprise you.
Global Ethics Corner: NATO and Turkey: Should Human Rights Be Sacrificed for a Missile Defense System? | 01/20/12
As NATO's missile defense system goes live in Turkey, questions have been raised about the nation's human rights record. Should NATO condemn Turkey's recent crackdowns on free speech and the media? Or does the country's geostrategic importance trump these concerns?
Making our Democracy Work: A Judge's View | 01/17/12 The nine unelected justices of the U.S. Supreme Court have the power to strike down laws enacted by elected representatives. Why does the public accept the Court's decisions as legitimate, even when the decisions are highly unpopular? How does the Court help make democracy work?
Global Ethics Corner: Primaries and Democracy: Debating the Costs and Benefits of Primary Elections | 01/12/12
With primary season starting up, the Republican candidates are traveling around the nation, making stump speeches, kissing babies, and spending millions. Is this staple of American politics a showcase for democracy? Or does it just exacerbate ideological polarization in the U.S.?
Global Ethics Corner: North Korea: Engage, Ignore, or Confront? | 01/06/12
With the recent death of Kim Jong-il, the United States is once again wondering what to do about North Korea. Is engagement with the nation's new leader, Kim Jong-un, the answer? Or should the U.S. isolate the rogue state and continue to ignore its threats?
The Dictator's Handbook: Why Bad Behavior Is Almost Always Good Politics | 01/05/12 Cynics or realists? Just follow five rules and you can be a successful dictator, say Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith--at least until old age or sickness catch up with you. They go on to argue that these precepts apply to all systems of governance, including U.S. democracy.
Justice for Hedgehogs | 01/05/12 "The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing." Ronald Dworkin argues for one big thing: the unity of value. He asserts that value is what makes sense of how we act as individuals, how we relate to others, and how we construct our lives.
Unpaid Internships: Is Free Labor Fair Labor? | 12/30/11
Unpaid internships are a valuable and sometimes necessary experience for college students and recent graduates, especially in light of the global financial crisis. But is this really a fair labor practice and does it just give an unfair advantage to more well-off job-seekers?
Global Ethics Corner: Jobs: Computers versus Humans | 12/23/11
Could the slow job growth rate of the Great Recession be attributed to new technologies replacing human labor and intelligence? Is artificial intelligence likely or desirable in a post-industrial society?
Disruptive Management: Fostering Transparency, Dialogue, and Innovation in Today's Business Climate | 12/21/11 Technological innovation and the spread of social media have created a bevy of new considerations for companies, such as learning how to engage in meaningful dialogue with their stakeholders--including their employees.
Global Ethics Corner: Was Durban Doomed? | 12/16/11
With the 17th annual global climate change talks foundering in Durban, little hope is left for a worldwide initiative designed to combat global warming. Will local efforts be enough or does this latest setback truly doom a future of sustainability and worldwide cooperation?
Ethics Matter: Economist and Development Expert Jeffrey Sachs | 12/09/11 Jeffrey Sachs discusses America's economic and moral crisis; development aid; the Occupy Wall Street movement; and the mobilization of youth around the world, fighting for the basic principles of freedom, justice, and equality.
Global Ethics Corner: Occupy Moscow | 12/09/11
With Vladimir Putin's party receiving a rebuke in the December 4th parliamentary elections, Russia is at a crossroads. With alleged voter fraud and massive protests as a backdrop, could this be the start of a new, more democratic era in Moscow or will Putin prevail?
Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius | 12/09/11 Looking back at the truly revolutionary rise in global living standards over the last 150 years, what have we learned about economic policies? There are clear lessons about what works and what doesn't, says Sylvia Nasar, author of "A Beautiful Mind."
The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution | 12/08/11 How did human beings succeed in creating the ideal of strong, accountable governments that adhere to the rule of law? Francis Fukuyama provides a sweeping account of how today's basic political institutions developed.
Confronting Corruption and Ethics in Emerging Markets | 12/08/11 Is it possible to grow a company to $1 billion in revenue in Russia without giving a single bribe? In this interactive workshop with high-level professionals, Alcoa's Bill O'Rourke shares how he navigated the murky ethical conundrums that that come with leadership of a global business.
Does the Elephant Dance?: Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy | 12/08/11 Former Canadian High Commissioner to India David Malone gives a comprehensive survey of contemporary Indian foreign policy. He begins by focusing on India's geography, history, and capability, and covers relations with the U.S., China, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh to Wall Street | 12/08/11 Why pretend that economics is value free? It's a product of our civilization and riddled with moral judgements, says Sedlacek. By separating economics from ethics we have created a zombie, a monster without a soul. The two have to be put back together.
The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade | 12/07/11 In 2010, global military expenditure was roughly $1.6 trillion--that's $235 for every person on earth. This has profound impacts, from the perpetuation of conflict, to the corrosion of democracy, to massive socioeconomic costs.
They Fight Like Soldiers, They Die Like Children: The Global Quest to Eradicate the Use of Child Soldiers | 12/06/11 Child soldiers are a weapons system that is effective, cheap, and complete. How do we counter that? How do we make the use of children a liability? How do we stop people from reverting to using children as the primary weapons system of a conflict?
Anatol Lieven on Pakistan | 12/06/11 Pakistan expert Anatol Lieven unravels Pakistan's troubled and complex relationships with the U.S., Afghanistan, the Taliban, and its own army--and adds a special note on what bin Laden's death means for U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Ethics Matter: Microfinance Pioneer Susan Davis | 12/06/11 Microfinance started as a movement for social justice and women's equality and gave birth to an industry, says Davis. This gave rise to scale, efficiency, and large numbers of people being served--over 150 million of the world's poorest households.
Giving Voice To Values: How To Speak Your Mind When You Know What's Right | 12/06/11 Through experiential exercises that act as rehearsals, we can learn to how to act on our values in real-life situations, says Mary Gentile. She shares a ground-breaking new approach that prepares professionals to respond to ethical challenges in the workplace.
Philip Howard on Civility in Everyday Life | 12/06/11 Philip Howard argues that an excess of government regulations and the law has corroded the institutions of authority in our society, with many deleterious effects, and one of the victims of that is our sense of ethics and civility.
The Good Book: A Humanist Bible | 12/06/11 Philosopher A.C. Grayling has created a non-religious Bible that draws from the wealth of secular literature and philosophy in both Western and Eastern traditions. Whatever your beliefs, you will find food for thought in this wise and witty talk.
I Shall Not Hate: A Gaza Doctor's Journey on the Road to Peace and Human Dignity | 12/06/11 Born in a Palestinian refugee camp, Dr. Abuelaish has devoted his life to medicine and to reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians, even though his three daughters and a niece were killed by Israeli shelling. His personal doctrine is that hate is the wrong response to war. What's needed is communication, compassion, and understanding.
The Fear: Robert Mugabe and the Martyrdom of Zimbabwe | 12/06/11 Author and journalist Peter Godwin was born and raised in Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia). In this gripping talk he untangles his country's complex and tragic history, and shows us the arc of President Mugabe's brutal career.
Behind the Headlines: Pakistan | 12/06/11 With its mix of militants, nuclear weapons, and chronic domestic unrest, Pakistan's problems have implications for the entire world. Prize-winning author and journalist Ahmed Rashid gives a chilling account of the situation in his homeland.
Beyond Good Intentions: The Promise and Peril of Citizen Engagement with Foreign Policy | 12/06/11 What were the accomplishments and failures of the U.S. grassroots movements that responded to the humanitarian crisis in Darfur and how do these lessons apply to grassroots movements in general?
Ethics Matter: Political Scientist Joseph S. Nye, Jr. | 12/06/11 Joseph Nye discusses the sources of his ideas, his major concepts such as soft power, the impact of these concepts, and his thoughts on the information revolution.
George F. Kennan: An American Life | 12/02/11 George Kennan was one of the great men of the 20th century, says John Lewis Gaddis. And he was great in multiple dimensions: as the grand strategist of the Cold War; as a historian; and as author of one of the greatest of American diaries.
Global Ethics Corner: Goodbye Euro? | 12/02/11
The euro was once thought to be a symbol of peace and prosperity in post-World War II Europe. As the sovereign debt crisis continues, are we watching the end of this currency and, more ominously, a unified Europe?
Re-Imagining a Global Ethic | 12/01/11 "A global ethic makes it possible for us to agree to disagree about ultimate questions, provided we have the philosophical clarity that comes from that process of adversarial justification," says Ignatieff in this thoughtful and challenging talk.
International Reporting and the Brave New World of New Journalism | 12/01/11 Veteran journalist Barbara Crossette discusses how international reporting has changed dramatically over the last few decades: new dangers, new competitors, and new ethical and professional challenges.
The Darwin Economy: Liberty, Competition, and the Common Good | 12/01/11 Should economic policies be guided less by economist Adam Smith and more by naturalist Charles Darwin? Robert Frank thinks so, and has some provocative tax reform proposals.
Towards a More Robust Public Policy Environment in the Middle East | 11/28/11 Dr. Alterman describes the principal challenges for the Arab Middle East states as "developing human capital and strengthening public policy environments." In aspiring to these, he calls for patience and long-haul commitment, even restraint, from Western donor sources.
Global Ethics Corner: HIV Prevention and Behavior Change in Africa: Are Western-Imported Methods Working? | 11/25/11
Are Western-imported methods for fighting HIV/AIDS working in Sub-Saharan Africa? Some critics argue that campaigns more aligned with traditional African values could be more effective in fighting the disease than Western campaigns focused on abstinence and safe sex.
Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism | 11/22/11
"It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."
But Will the Planet Notice?: How Smart Economics Can Save the World | 11/18/11 You recycle? You turn down plastic and paper? Good. But none of that will save the tuna or stop global warming. If you want to make the planet notice, follow the economics, says Gernot Wagner.
Global Ethics Corner: Privacy and Responsibility on the Internet: Who Should Control your Identity on the Web? | 11/18/11
Who should control your Internet identity? In an age when bills are paid via PayPal, relationships are forged over Facebook, and revolutions are fueled by Twitter, these questions take on great prominence. How we answer them may define the Internet for years to come.
Global Ethics Corner: Debt and Democracy: Why Shouldn't Greeks Vote on Their Financial Future? | 11/11/11
The Greek tragedy unfolding over the European debt deal raises some important questions about the bounds between debt and democracy: Why shouldn't Greeks--or any citizenry for that matter--get to vote on the economic fate of their country?
Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order | 11/08/11 The U.S. may no longer be a unipolar power, but the world order it helped create is alive and well. The rise of other nations and the deepening of economic and security interdependence have resulted from the success and expansion of the postwar liberal order, not its breakdown.
Global Ethics Corner: How Should the U.S. Handle Islamic Terrorists? | 11/04/11
The fact that Guantanamo remains open, although the number of prisoners has been greatly reduced, shows how difficult it is to handle Islamic militants. Meanwhile, targeted killings have increased. Are we killing our high-profile enemies to avoid sending them to military prison?
The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century | 11/01/11 George Friedman, founder and CEO of Strategic Forecasting, Inc., asks: What's in store during this new century? Which nations will gain and lose power? How will new technologies change the way we live? He has some predictions that may surprise you.
America the Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime, and Warfare | 11/01/11 From the personal to the corporate to the national, our data is constantly at risk, says Joel Brenner. But it's like gravity; there's not much we can do about it. We just have to learn to live with the situation, stay alert, and limit potential damage.
Global Ethics Corner: Child Soldiers and Counter-Terrorism: Should the U.S. Aid Countries that Recruit Child Soldiers? | 10/28/11
Child soldiers and foreign aid raise an important ethical dilemma: Should allies that use child soldiers receive U.S. military aid, even if it compromises our opposition to the practice? When--if ever--should concerns about security trump concerns for human rights?
Ethics Matter: Conversation with Moral Philosopher Peter Singer | 10/25/11 Utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer lives up to his beliefs, giving away 25-30 percent of his income to alleviate absolute poverty, and defending animal rights--or as he puts it, "extending equality beyond the species boundary." Here are his thoughts on these topics and more.
Global Ethics Corner: Iran and the United States: Is Military Conflict Inevitable? | 10/21/11
Recent allegations of an Iranian assassination plot in the United States have once again raised doubts about the effectiveness of sanctions. As confidence in a diplomatic solution wanes, can U.S. officials avoid military intervention without looking soft on Iran?
The Unraveling: Pakistan in the Age of Jihad | 10/14/11 U.S. Foreign Service officer John Schmidt explains how the complex, dangerous relationship between the leaders of Pakistan and various jihadist groups came about, and how it all began to unravel after 9/11.
Global Ethics Corner: Occupy Wall Street: Does Rising Income Inequality Threaten American Democracy? | 10/14/11
Does rising income inequality pose a threat to American democracy? This question has long been taboo in American politics. Yet as "Occupy Wall Street" spreads across the United States, the political consequences of income inequality are grabbing headlines as never before.
Global Ethics Corner: Space Junk | 10/07/11
According to NASA, over 135 million pieces of man-made metal debris orbit the Earth. While the space race may be over, someone's got to do the cleaning up. But who?
Yahoo! and YouTube: Balancing Human Rights and Business | 10/03/11 How do companies such as Yahoo! and YouTube decide on whether disturbing material should be banned from their sites? What are the free speech and human rights issues involved? What guidelines do they use? This fascinating workshop discusses specific cases.
Ethics Matter: Economist and Foreign Aid Specialist William Easterly | 10/03/11 The best system for discovering new approaches is not to have one planner at the top trying to decide what are going to be the successful innovations, says Bill Easterly. It's to have lots and lots of people at the bottom experimenting and finding their own innovations.
Global Ethics Corner: Blocking the Bid: Is the U.S. right to veto Palestinian Membership to the UN? | 09/30/11
As the UN Security Council weighs the Palestinian bid, is the U.S. right to oppose UN membership? Would Palestinian membership to the UN threaten future peace or could it provide a foundation for future negotiations?
Jackson-Vanik: Time for Reconsideration? | 09/27/11 The Jackson-Vanik amendment has been imposed on Russia for 37 years. Is it time for repeal? This event is in cooperation with EastWest Institute.
Global Ethics Corner: China's Aircraft Carrier: Who Rules the Waves? | 09/23/11
Is a far-reaching Chinese navy a threat to American naval superiority or to the West? Is China simply a major power, peacefully rising and pursuing its natural national interests? Perhaps, ruling the waves doesn’t have the same importance in the 21st century? What do you think?
Decision Points: The American Dream in the Balance | 09/20/11 Led by Sam Speedie, who stepped up immediately after 9/11 and went into public service, this group of under-40s Carnegie New Leaders discuss how to move the country forward and help other young people to make a difference, whether in government, business, or the non-profit sector.
Global Ethics Corner: Genocide Denial in Rwanda: Dealing with the Past or Subverting Democracy? | 09/16/11
Do laws that make it a crime to deny the existence of genocide help to lessen the chances of renewed conflict? Or, do they stifle freedom of speech--and risk eliminating political dissent? These are the questions currently debated in Rwanda.
That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back | 09/15/11 What can America do as it faces four major challenges--globalization, the revolution in information technology, chronic deficits, and its energy consumption?
Global Ethics Corner: Ten Years After 9/11: What Have We Learned? | 09/09/11
As we take stock of the decade since 9/11, the lessons we have learned are still unclear. Ten years on, analysts impart contentious lessons that may even be irreconcilable. As you reflect on the past decade, what did you learn from 9/11?
Global Ethics Corner: The Keystone XL Oil Pipeline and the National Interest | 09/02/11
A proposed Canadian pipeline would transport bitumen from the tar sands of Alberta to refineries on the Gulf Coast, crossing the border. Is Keystone XL in the national interest? Is secure access to oil worth the climate change consequences?
The Evolution of God | 08/31/11 Robert Wright's astute analysis uses game theory: a religion that sees itself in a zero-sum relationship with outsiders will prove exclusionist and violent, while a religion that sees itself in a non-zero-sum relationship will adjust its theology accordingly. What does this mean for the future?
Global Ethics Corner: Libya After Qaddafi: Redefining our Responsibilities | 08/26/11
As Libya prepares for its future, do NATO member states have a moral responsibility to protect peace and stability? Or should Libya's future be of its own making? What do you think?
Henry Kaufman on Civility in the Financial Sector | 08/24/11 What is the underlying source of the current financial turmoil? It is not lack of technological knowledge about how to structure and to trade securities. It stems mainly from behavioral and ethical shortcomings, from regulatory failures, and from historical amnesia, says Henry Kaufman.
Global Ethics Corner: In America, Does Pluralist Democracy Still Work? | 08/19/11
Has pluralism in America emphasized private interest over public good? Does the market for ideas need more supervision, or should the market rule?
What is Happening to News: The Information Explosion and the Crisis in Journalism | 08/17/11 Drawing on neuroscience, Jack Fuller explains why the information overload of contemporary life makes us dramatically more receptive to sensational news, while rendering the objective voice of standard journalism ineffective.
Global Ethics Corner: The Debt Crisis: Are Politicians the Problem? | 08/12/11
Instead of taking a leadership role, U.S. politicians merely "kicked the can down the road" to resolve the debt ceiling crisis, kicking off a U.S. credit rating downgrade and a global stock market meltdown. Should the U.S. government be given more or less authority in light of recent events?
Education for Employment Foundation: New Opportunities for Middle East Youth | 08/10/11 Carnegie Council's David Speedie and Ronald Bruder, founder of the Education for Employment Foundation, discuss the Foundation's work in providing job training for at-risk youth in Arab Muslim countries, and also the impact of the Arab Spring.
Global Ethics Corner: Cyberwar Strategy: Defensive or Offensive? | 08/05/11
Governments and corporations are under serious and growing threat from cyber attacks. Which do you favor: a strategy that seeks out hackers and punishes them at the risk of waging an undeclared cyberwar, or a more defensive strategy, as adopted by today’s Pentagon?
The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World | 08/03/11 In the next 20 years, 75 to 80 percent of the world's population will have the same standard of living as today's advanced countries. What will this extraordinary set of pressures on natural resources and the environment mean for the planet?
Global Ethics Corner: Norway: When Belief Justifies Murder | 07/29/11
The power of belief is terrifying. Do you believe anything strongly enough to take a life without the sanction of authorities? Can any belief justify the killing of innocents? Where do you stand between belief and action?
Global Ethics Corner: Privacy, Ethics, and "News of the World" | 07/22/11
Outrage over "News of the World's" use of phone hacking raises the question: when is hacking acceptable? Phone surveillance is a common tool for national security. Where do you draw the line?
Charles Osgood on Civility in the Media | 07/20/11 In every sector of American society, civility has declined, according to recent polls--from vicious political rhetoric to attacks in the blogosphere and lack of personal decency. How can the media play a positive role in restoring civility?
Global Ethics Corner: The Challenge of Population Growth | 07/15/11
World population may hit 10.1 billion by the year 2100. Are population issues individual choices or are they fundamental concerns of public policy? How aggressively should policy intervene?
Higher Education in the Middle East: America's Legacy | 07/13/11 For generations, American universities have been educating students in the Middle East. President of Lebanese American University Joseph Jabbra makes an impassioned case for the American values that students absorb in these institutions, such as tolerance, philanthropy, and service.
The World Ahead: Conflict or Cooperation? | 07/06/11 After the Cold War, Fukuyama, Huntington, and Mearsheimer each presented a bold vision of what the driving forces of world politics would be. Yet all have proved to be out of step with recent U.S. foreign policy. Is there a fourth vision for the world ahead?
Global Ethics Corner: Congress, the President, and Libya | 07/01/11
Should the president be supported by the legislative branch when making difficult foreign policy decisions requiring the use of force? How does this apply to Libya?
One Nation Under Surveillance: A New Social Contract to Defend Freedom Without Sacrificing Liberty | 06/29/11 The boundaries between public and private are crumbling fast, often with the active or passive consent of those whose privacy is breached. What limits, if any, should be placed on a government's efforts to spy on its citizens in the name of national security?
Global Ethics Corner: "To Kill a Mockingbird" and Justice | 06/24/11
In "To Kill a Mockingbird" an innocent man is wrongfully sentenced. The author argues that all we can do in the face of injustice is try, accept, and move on. Should we trust always trust institutions? When the system fails is it enough to have fought, or should we go on to fight again?
The End of Arrogance: America in the Global Competition of Ideas | 06/22/11 Free market capitalism, Western culture, democracy—the ideas that shaped 20th century world politics and underpinned U.S. foreign policy—have lost a good deal of their strength. Authority is now more contested and power more diffused. How should the U.S. meet these challenges?
Global Ethics Corner: Libya and the Responsibility to Protect | 06/17/11
The intervention in Libya is the first major action authorized by the Security Council under the "responsibility to protect." Should we take military steps when leaders attack their own people? Or does this violate the state's right to self-determination?
Global Ethics Corner: Is There A 'Third Way' to Engage China? | 06/10/11
The Chinese economy and defense budget have grown at an enormous rate over the past five years. Do you think that this will lead to global confrontation? Or will China have a "peaceful rise"? Could there be a third way that blends competition and cooperation?
How Wars End: Why We Always Fight the Last Battle | 06/08/11 Pax Americana is a good thing, declares Gideon Rose. The problem is that even when the U.S. wins militarily, it often botches dealing with war's aftermath because it fails to define its political objectives.
The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom | 06/07/11 Amid the euphoria about the power of the Internet and social media, Morozov sounds a note of caution. He reminds us that these tools can also entrench dictators, threaten dissidents, and make it harder--not easier--to promote democracy.
Global Ethics Corner: Southern Sudan: Would You Declare War? | 06/03/11
Within weeks of independence for Southern Sudan, the Northern Sudanese Army annexed the disputed town of Abyei. Should Southern Sudan respond militarily, risking a larger war? Or should they move ahead with independence on July 9 as planned?
The Unfinished Global Revolution: The Pursuit of a New International Politics | 06/01/11 Is the world ready to embrace more powerful international institutions and the values needed to underpin a truly globalist agenda--the rule of law, human rights, and opportunity for all?
Global Ethics Corner: Taiwan: Is there a Statute of Limitation on Corruption? | 05/27/11
Can corruption be legitimized by common usage, legal process, or subsequent legislation? Should old crimes go unpunished by legislative amnesty? Or is it more important simply to correct the abuse and move forward?
How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance | 05/25/11 We're living in a multi-polar, multi-civilizational world, says Parag Khanna, and the old rules no longer apply. Increasingly, states, international organizations, NGOs, and corporations must work in partnerships and find ways to strengthen mutual accountability.
Global Ethics Corner: Training SEAL Team 6: The Point of the Sword | 05/20/11
Could SEAL Team 6 have captured bin Laden alive? Should training for elite military forces prioritize thoughtfulness at the risk of indecision?
Rise of the Rest IV: Critical Regions in Crisis | 05/19/11 Optimistic and bleak by turns, a panel of experts analyzes the dilemmas facing the rising and existing powers--from protests across the Middle East, to the earthquake and nuclear disaster in Japan, to rising food and oil prices across the world.
The Future of Power | 05/18/11 "In the information age, the mark of a great power is not just whose army wins, but also whose story wins," says Joseph Nye. This talk includes his thoughts on China, Egypt, Afghanistan, Iran, and more.
Obama's Foreign Policy: What Matters and What Doesn't for America's Future? | 05/17/11 Elections and campaigns are about options. Governing is about constraints. For Obama--and every president--what happens when foreign policy options meet foreign policy constraints?
Global Ethics Corner: Bin Laden's Death | 05/13/11
Osama bin Laden was killed in Pakistan in a mission by U.S. Navy SEALS. Should the U.S. have captured him alive and put him on trial? Was the U.S. justified in entering Pakistan without the consent of their government?
The Next Decade: Where We've Been...and Where We're Going | 05/11/11 The challenge of the next decade is not American power, says George Friedman. It is the preservation of the republic through a management of the international system that faces the fact that, intended or not, we're an empire. So long as we refuse to face that, we can't be effective.
Global Ethics Corner: When Government Changes the Rules: Taiwan's Feed-in-Tariff | 05/06/11
Taiwan requires electric utilities to purchase renewable energy, subsidized by the government. Recently when solar rates went down, the government changed the contract terms, saving on the amount of government funding but causing solar investors to make less profit. Was this justified?
Global Ethics Corner: Disaster, Decline, or Rebirth: A Japanese Fish Story | 04/29/11
Japan's recent tsunami and nuclear disaster have devastated its fishing industry. Fish are at the heart of Japanese culture, yet worldwide stocks of wild fish are in drastic descent. Should there be a push to revive this occupation or should Japan be trying to grow new industries?
Global Ethics Corner: The Power of Economic Models | 04/22/11
Economic models were the basis for crucial practical decisions that led to the 2008-09 financial crisis. Yet government bailouts remain controversial because free market advocates see intervention as wrong. Do you agree with the need to manage markets? Or should the economy be guided only be the "invisible hand"?
Negotiating with Evil: When to Talk to Terrorists | 04/20/11 When, how, and under what conditions should governments talk to terrorists? Can opening a dialogue bring conflicts to a faster resolution?
Global Ethics Corner: Assisting Political Parties in the Middle East | 04/15/11
In the aftermath of popular uprisings in the Middle East, Western aid-donors are confronted by a difficult dilemma. Should they work with anti-democratic or politically extreme domestic groups? Is excluding some parties in the name of democracy justified?
The U.S. Navy's New Energy Revolution | 04/13/11 Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus is working to chart a new course for the Navy and Marine Corps, that by 2020 will dramatically reduce the Navy's consumption of fossil fuels. He also prepared the long-term recovery plan for the Gulf of Mexico in the aftermath of the oil spill.
Global Ethics Corner: Lustration: Purging Civil Servants in New Democracies | 04/08/11
In transitions from authoritarian rule to democracy, systems must decide who to exclude from public office. What do you do with those who, without being guilty, cannot be called innocent? Is it undemocratic to ban them from holding government positions?
Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power | 04/06/11 Robert D. Kaplan declares that the Indian Ocean area will be the true nexus of world power and conflict in the coming years and it is here that U.S. foreign policy must concentrate if America is to remain dominant in an ever-changing world.
Global Ethics Corner: The Impact of Dependence on Oil | 04/01/11
Oil is cost-efficient as a primary energy source--in the short term. Long-term, however, oil poses economic risks and damages the environment. Should we allow markets to determine energy sources or implement energy policies to invest in alternatives?
The Lost Peace: Leadership in a Time of Horror and Hope, 1945-1953 | 03/30/11 In a striking reinterpretation of the postwar years, Robert Dallek examines what drove leaders around the globe—Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, Mao, de Gaulle, and Truman—to rely on traditional power politics, and the lessons we can draw from their mistakes.
Global Ethics Corner: Nuclear Power's Future | 03/25/11
Due to the high demand of energy, competitive costs, and environmental concerns, nuclear power seemed like a reasonable option. The earthquake and tsunami in Japan have since raised serious concerns about its safety. Is nuclear power worth the risk?
Facts are Subversive: Political Writing from a Decade without a Name | 03/22/11 Looking back over the last decade, Timothy Garton Ash catalogues the challenges facing the EU--the economy, a united foreign policy, the integration of Muslims--and concludes that despite its problems the union has taken important steps forward.
Global Ethics Corner: Health Dollars and Polio | 03/18/11
Bill Gates is spending one billion dollars in two years to eradicate polio. Although a deadly and crippling disease, it is extremely hard to end and there were only 1,000 cases reported last year. Is Gates' pledge a misallocation of global health resources?
Can Obama Please Both Arabs and Israelis? What the Polls and History Tell Us | 03/16/11 Despite Obama's rhetoric, most Arabs still see America through the prism of pain of the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Telhami, and a majority of Arabs and Israelis no longer believe peace is possible. Both the Arabs and the Israelis need to put public opinion aside and build an agreement.
Global Ethics Corner: Turkey, Islam, and Democracy | 03/11/11
Turkey's democracy has been extolled as a model in the Middle East, but has also been belittled for its creeping authoritarianism. Does Turkey offer hope to those states making a democratic transformation in the Arab world? Or is its system under threat?
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2011 | 03/09/11 In this lively discussion, economist Daniel Altman, political scientist/risk expert Ian Bremmer, and economic and political analyst Zachary Karabell present what each sees as the top risks for this year—-and well beyond.
Global Ethics Corner: Defeating Piracy | 03/04/11
In March 2011, there were over 50 vessels and 800 people held hostage by Somali pirates. What should be the response to these captures? Should a third party attack, negotiate, seek legal remedies, or continue to make the best of a terrible situation?
The Politics of Happiness: What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being | 03/02/11 How can governments use the latest research on well-being to improve the quality of life for all their citizens? What role can government policy play in creating individual happiness?
Global Ethics Corner: America on a Global Ethics Thermometer: Image and Reality | 02/25/11
How well do the institutions of government live up to the expectations of their people? What has America got right? What should it change? How do other countries measure up?
How the Economy Works: Confidence, Crashes and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies | 02/23/11 We need to synthesize the idea that a free-market economy is a self-correcting mechanism and the Keynesian principle that capitalism needs some guidance, says UCLA economist Roger Farmer. The goal is to correct the excesses without stifling entrepreneurship and instituting central planning.
John Exnicios on Training USSR Dissidents | 02/16/11 David Speedie interviews John Exnicios, former vice president of the Krieble Institute. Exnicios played a lead role in training Russian dissidents in the last years of the Soviet Union.
Global Ethics Corner: IDs, Personal Privacy, and India | 02/11/11
The Indian government plans to give all 1.2 billion Indians a fingerprint ID. Are you in favor of a national biometric ID to prevent identity theft and facilitate commerce? Or are you concerned about the privacy implications? In any case, are universal IDs only a matter of time?
Global Ethics Corner: Egypt: Democracy or Demography? | 02/04/11
Two waves are overwhelming Egypt and possibly the Middle East: democracy and demography. Can a youthful imperative for rapid change amplify or diminish the growth of democracy? Can a populist revolution contain the seeds of an authoritarian regime?
Putting Middle East Youth to Work: Partnering with Business to Turn a Youth Tsunami into an Asset | 02/02/11 Founder and CEO Ron Bruder and VP Jasmine Nahhas di Florio introduce Education for Employment Foundation, an NGO that creates employment opportunities for youth in the Middle East and North Africa. Five programs are underway: Egypt, Jordan, West Bank/Gaza, Morocco, and Yemen.
AMEXICA: War Along the Borderline | 01/28/11 In a horrific account, Ed Vulliamy describes the ultraviolent, nihilistic narco-traficante culture of the Mexican-American border, a land of drug addicts and cartels.
Global Ethics Corner: Tunisia: The Jasmine Revolution and Western Foreign Policy | 01/27/11
In Tunisia, the Jasmine Revolution showed the vulnerability of unpopular and anti-democratic regimes. Should the West support authoritarian regimes to contain political Islam? Should it watch popular passions erect potentially anti-democratic governments? Is there a third alternative?
Global Ethics Corner: 2011 Top Risks and Ethical Decisions | 01/21/11
The annual announcement from the Eurasia Group of top global risks is here. Do you agree with their choice of fundamental issues for 2011?
Hero: The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia | 01/19/11 Michael Korda reveals the extraordinary man behind the myth of Lawrence of Arabia. He discusses T. E. Lawrence's contradictory nature, a born leader who was utterly fearless but remained shy and modest; and a scholar who also invented guerrilla warfare.
Global Ethics Corner: Populism, Protectionism, and China | 01/14/11
Chinese policies tilt the field and undermine free trade, according to journalist David Leonhardt. Should the U.S. use sanctions more aggressively to enforce free trade principles and to protect domestic production? Or are the negative economic consequences too risky?
Exorbitant Privilege: The Rise and Fall of the Dollar and the Future of the International Monetary System | 01/13/11
Barry Eichengreen argues that while the dollar is bound to lose its singular status, the coming changes will be neither sudden nor dire.
Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories | 01/12/11 Master raconteur Simon Winchester tells a series of gripping and little-known tales of the Atlantic, the ocean he calls "the inland sea of modern civilization."
Global Ethics Corner: Diplomats and Commercial Sales | 01/07/11
Wikileaks cables reveal that U.S. diplomats are "a big part of the sales force." Is diplomacy diminished or conflicts harder to resolve if diplomats are aggressive commercial partisans? Or are diplomats promoting products a crucial part of 21st century international affairs?
Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War | 01/05/11 It is time to examine the Washington consensus on national security and why it must change, says Professor Bacevich--and to acknowledge that fixing Afghanistan should not take precedence over fixing Detroit.
Leading by Example | 12/22/10
Global Ethics Corner: International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors | 12/17/10
Should non-state armed groups be excluded from the formal realm of international humanitarian law? Should they be held to the same standards as states during warfare? What is the proper mechanism for enforcing the rules of war without lending non-state actors legitimacy?
What Technology Wants | 12/15/10 In a brand-new view of technology, co-founder of "Wired" magazine Kevin Kelly suggests that it is not just a jumble of wires and metal. He argues that technology is actually a living, evolving organism that has its own unconscious needs and tendencies.
Global Ethics Corner: WikiLeaks: Trust or Transparency? | 12/10/10
U.S. diplomatic cables exposed through WikiLeaks raise several questions about transparency and trust. Should governments employ secrecy in diplomacy? Without transparency, are democracy and diplomacy compatible?
The Tenth Parallel: Dispatches from the Fault Line between Christianity and Islam | 12/08/10 More than half of the world's Muslims and Christians live along the tenth parallel in Africa or in Asia. How do these two great intersecting faiths interact?
Global Ethics Corner: Interests or Values: The West and Israel | 12/03/10
Western support of Israel demonstrates a clash of interests and values. Israel is a key U.S. ally, yet its policies towards Gaza and the West Bank are repeatedly marked with human rights violations. Can there be a middle ground in foreign policy where interests and values meet?
One Nation Under Contract: The Outsourcing of American Power and the Future of Foreign Policy | 12/01/10 Allison Stanger shows how contractors became an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, often in scandalous ways, but maintains that the problem is not contractors, but the absence of good government. Outsourcing done right is, in fact, indispensable to U.S. interests today.
Global Ethics Corner: Ethics and Humanitarian Intervention | 11/26/10
The UN Charter states that human rights is the responsibility of international society. It also prohibits forceful interference against the territorial integrity and political independence of any state. Which takes precedence in humanitarian crises, sovereignty or human rights?
Sustainable Societies | 11/24/10 What will it take to build sustainable societies? The panel includes Sartaz Ahmed of Booz and Company on building sustainable cities; Larry Burns (formerly of GM) on clean vehicles; and architect Joan Krevlin on green buildings.
Global Ethics Corner: WTO and the Washington vs. Beijing Consensus | 11/19/10
With the rise in power of emerging markets and developing economies should the architecture of global economics change to reflect their market approaches? Should the U.S. direct reforms, or should China and other developing markets take leadership?
Eco Innovations: Small Sparks, Big Impact | 11/17/10 How do sustainable innovations make it to market? Three very different inventors talk about their creative process, how their inventions have had a social impact, and what a more sustainable society might look like.
Global Ethics Corner: Handpicking Successors and the Brazilian Elections | 11/12/10
Brazil's President Lula da Silva handpicked Dilma Rousseff as his successor, even though she has never held political office. How important is continuity in governments? Is handpicking a successor acceptable in order to win an election or to direct a government? What do you think?
Global Ethics Corner: The EU and Serbia | 11/05/10
Would Serbian admission to the EU prevent another Balkan War? Is promoting Serbian democracy more important than securing justice for 1990s genocides? In pursuing war criminals, is the carrot of EU admission more effective than the stick of EU exclusion?
Facing the Crises of our Time: The United Nations and the United States in the 21st Century | 11/03/10 "The UN can do better and it can do more, and when the U.S. is fully committed the chance of success is always greater. The UN is imperfect but indispensable. Our challenge is to build upon its strengths and address its weaknesses in the most constructive way."
Global Ethics Corner: Neo-liberalism and Welfare | 10/29/10
Do markets promote the greatest good for the greatest number? What do you think? Should long-term economic growth, promised by a free market, be prioritized over concerns about inequality? How do you balance a society's need both to create wealth and insure welfare?
Captive: My Time as a Prisoner of the Taliban | 10/27/10 Journalist Jere Van Dyk tells of his decades-long involvement with Afghanistan, and gives a harrowing account of his 2008 kidnapping and imprisonment by the Taliban in the no-man's land between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Global Ethics Corner: Can Moral Injury Be a Wound of War? | 10/22/10
Moral injury is a new concept to describe the harm done to combatants traumatized by war. Is this concept confined to combatants alone, or is moral injury to soldiers simply a more extreme extension of the moral issues faced by everyone?
The Frugal Superpower: America's Global Leadership in a Cash-Strapped Era | 10/20/10 Michael Mandelbaum says that in this age of soaring deficits, the era marked by an expansive U.S. foreign policy is coming to an end. He recommends a new policy, centered on a reduction in the nation's dependence on foreign oil.
Global Ethics Corner: Politics and Civility | 10/15/10
Civility has fled the 24/7 news cycle. Public life need not be this way. Why do we tolerate, even gorge, on this lack of civility? How do you handle public debate? Do you paint opposing views as demonic?
Grand Strategies: Literature, Statecraft, and World Order | 10/13/10 Reading classical literature teaches us that there are seldom clear answers to real-life dilemmas, says Charles Hill. It gives us the breadth of knowledge to realize that a multitude of factors need to be taken into account.
Global Ethics Corner: Geoengineering | 10/08/10
Global warming makes it impossible to limit environmentalism to one country. Should geoengineering be regulated multilaterally before rogue countries experiment with our collective future? Or does the problem demand research and action now, despite the risks?
Self-Determination and Conflict Resolution: From Kosovo to Sudan | 10/06/10 Drawing on the International Court's judgment on the legality of Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence, Arbour examines the pursuit of self-determination in a range of situations, focusing particular attention on the upcoming referendum in Southern Sudan.
Global Ethics Corner: China and the U.S.: Trade Wars or Mutual Advantage | 10/01/10
China undervalues its currency and pursues an export-led growth model, resulting in the loss of U.S. jobs. Confrontation on this issue is dangerous, yet doing nothing is potentially disastrous for the U.S. economy. How would you respond to China's growing power?
Ethics for a 21st Century Army: Creating a Code of Professional Military Ethics | 09/29/10 Major Chris Case (West Point) and David Rodin (Oxford University): What are the basic principles that should guide professional soldiers in the 21st century?
Global Ethics Corner: Deepwater Drilling and Fossil Fuels | 09/24/10
Offshore oil spills have devastating consequences, yet storm-drain runoff from leaky cars and gas stations can be just as bad. Do the risks of deepwater drilling outweigh the rewards? Could efficiency and innovations on land meet our energy demands without further drilling?
The Betrayal of American Prosperity: Free Market Delusions, America's Decline, and How We Must Compete in the Post-Dollar Era | 09/22/10 Clyde Prestowitz argues that the U.S. is rapidly losing the basis of its wealth and power, as well as its freedom of action and independence. If we do not make dramatic changes quickly, we will confront a painful, permanent slide in our standard of living.
Global Ethics Corner: Extinction | 09/17/10
What should be the balance between preservation and consumption? Should there be a global ethic for protecting endangered species? If so, how should it be enforced?
Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction | 09/15/10 After wars end, what steps should countries take to consolidate peace? Graciana del Castillo identifies five premises that are necessary for war economies to transition into sustainable and productive markets.
Global Ethics Corner: The Sustainability of Cities | 09/03/10
Half the world now lives in cities, and they are growing. Are megacities an opportunity or a threat?
Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy | 09/01/10 Raghuram Rajan traces the deepening fault lines in a world overly dependent on the indebted U.S. consumer to power global economic growth, and where the U.S. has growing inequality and a thin social safety net. If these flaws are not fixed, we should be prepared for an even more serious financial crisis.
Global Ethics Corner: Aircraft Carriers and Anti-Ship Missiles | 08/27/10
Have aircraft carriers lost their place as core naval assets for projecting force? Does the carrier's symbolic role and massive armament still sustain its central mission? For instance, would you risk U.S. carriers in a conflict across the Taiwan Strait?
Reset: Iran, Turkey, and America's Future | 08/25/10 Stephen Kinzer argues that the United States needs to rethink its alliances in the Middle East and focus on strategic relationships with Iran and Turkey rather than Israel and Saudi Arabia.
Global Ethics Corner: Enjoying, Managing, or Restoring Trout | 08/20/10
Should national parks introduce non-native species for recreational purposes, or focus on preserving the parks' natural state?
Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization | 08/18/10 Everything hinges on water; it is essential to life and to civilization. Will there be enough fresh water for 9 billion of us by 2050? In this talk, journalist Steven Solomon discusses the impending global water crisis.
Global Ethics Corner: A Mosque at Ground Zero | 08/13/10
The proposed building of an Islamic community center two blocks from 9/11’s Ground Zero has become a contentious issue. Would building the center promote the American virtues of religious freedom and speech? Or would it be counterproductive and insensitive, even if the intent is pure?
Five to Rule Them All: The UN Security Council and the Making of the Modern World | 08/12/10 What has been, is, and should be the role of the UN Security Council? Bosco chronicles its history--its successes and its failures—and concludes with some positive suggestions for the future.
Global Ethics Corner: Smartphones: From Popular Product to Ethical Dilemma | 08/06/10
Smartphones rely on coltan, much of which is mined in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Given that the Congo represents one of the worst illustrations of modern mineral exploitation, what will you do?
Michael Doyle on Nonintervention and the Responsibility to Protect | 08/04/10 What circumstances justify overriding sovereignty? Michael Doyle discusses the difficult questions surrounding nonintervention and the "unanimous revolution" of 2005, which led to the new norm known as the Responsibility to Protect.
Global Ethics Corner: Secrecy in Foreign Policy | 07/30/10
Is secrecy in foreign policy an unfortunate yet necessary way to maintain national security? Or does the lack of transparency in state decisions undermine democracy?
Bomb Power: The Modern Presidency and the National Security State | 07/28/10 Garry Wills traces how the atomic bomb transformed our nation down to its deepest constitutional roots, defined the presidency, and redefined the government as a national security state.
Global Ethics Corner: Security in America | 07/23/10
The growth in national security measures since 9/11 is striking. Is this level of government investment worthwhile? Can there ever be too much security?
Beyond the NPT | 07/21/10 Doctors Roald Sagdeev and Frank von Hippel have collaborated for decades on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation between the U.S. and the USSR. They discuss their work and their insights for the future arms control agenda.
Global Ethics Corner: Who Dies in Afghanistan: Soldiers, Civilians, or the Mission? | 07/16/10 How do you choose missions to fight a war effectively, while minimizing civilian deaths and meeting the obligation to your soldiers?
Soviet Fates and Lost Alternatives: From Stalinism to the New Cold War | 07/14/10 Washington has squandered the opportunity for a fundamentally new U.S.-Russian relationship after the Cold War, says Stephen Cohen.
Global Ethics Corner: Mexico: Violence and Democracy | 07/09/10
Must governments meet violence with an authoritarian response? In the recent Mexican election, citizens could demand a crackdown on druglords at the price of personal freedoms, or continue to participate at the risk of their safety. Mexicans chose the latter. What would you do?
Superfusion: How China and America Became One Economy and Why the World's Prosperity Depends on It | 07/07/10 In a witty and astute talk, Karabell describes and explains what he calls 'superfusion'--how the economies and capital flows of China and the U.S. became inextricably entwined to the point where neither can survive without the other.
Global Ethics Corner: Google and State Capitalism? | 07/02/10
Does the state capitalism model present a challenge to free market political systems? Is Google's confrontation with China a taste of the future? What do you think?
The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity | 06/30/10 What, asks Oxford economist Paul Collier, are realistic and sustainable solutions to correcting the mismanagement of the natural world? Can an international standard be established to resolve the complex issues of unchecked profiteering on the one hand and environmental romanticism on the other?
Global Ethics Corner: Chinese Currency and Ethics | 06/28/10
When China loosens the peg of its currency to the dollar, the U.S. will benefit--but it may hurt labor in China. While the looser Chinese currency is fairer to trading partners, it conflicts with protection of Chinese citizens' interests. How would you balance the two concerns?
Future Leaders and Global Business Values: The IBM Worldwide Student Survey | 06/18/10 How do the views of today's students and CEOs differ with regard to business on a shared planet? IBM engages with the Council's Carnegie New Leaders and the Workshops for Ethics in Business program to understand these emerging perspectives.
Global Ethics Corner: Rwandan Health Care: A Model for the West? | 06/18/10
In Rwanda, 92 percent of citizens have government-mandated health insurance, collectively owned by the policy-holders themselves. Does organizing health care based on this mutual ethical obligation make sense for other countries? What do you think?
Top Risks and the Ethical Decisions for 2010 | 06/16/10 What's next? Using Eurasia Group's Top Risks as a starting point for identifying the major global challenges in 2010, the panelists identify what they see on the horizon and discuss the ethical issues involved.
Global Ethics Corner: Targeting Enemies in War: Is a "Kill List" Justified? | 06/11/10
Governments have a moral responsibility to protect their citizens. How far does that extend? Is a "kill list" justified?
Faith and Power: Religion and Politics in the Middle East | 06/09/10 Bernard Lewis is one of the world's foremost Western scholars on Islam. In this eloquent talk he shares some of his knowledge, and explains how the different world views held by Christians and Muslims can lead to misunderstanding.
Global Ethics Corner: Development Aid | 06/04/10
Should the U.S. be helping developing countries when it has its own dramatic domestic problems?
After START--What Next? David Speedie Interviews Jayantha Dhanapala | 06/02/10 Jayantha Dhanapala, former under-secretary-general for Disarmament Affairs at the UN, gives his views on "getting to zero" on nuclear weapons.
Global Ethics Corner: After the War on Terror | 05/28/10
Will the next dominant international conflict be between state capitalism and free market capitalism? Will it supplant the war on terror? What do you think?
A Mosque in Munich: Nazis, the CIA, and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in the West | 05/27/10 What do Nazis, the CIA, and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in the West have in common? Journalist Ian Johnson tells the untold story of a group of ex-Soviet Muslims who defected to Germany during World War II has a lesson for today: beware of using religion as a tool.
Global Ethics Corner: Global Fertility and U.S. Politics | 05/21/10
How do we meet the massive global issue of fertility without being mired in the abortion debate?
Eclipse of the Sunnis: Power, Exile, and Upheaval in the Middle East | 05/19/10 1.9 million Sunni Muslims have been forced into exile following the Iraq War, says Deborah Amos. What impact is this having on these people's lives, on Iraq, and on the region's delicate balance of power?
Global Ethics Corner: Are We Born Good? | 05/14/10
Are babies born with the morality they need or do they learn it from society? Is morality a biological trait that builds communities through enlightened self-interest, or does it come from a spiritual being? What do you think?
Interesting Times: Writings from a Turbulent Decade | 05/12/10 George Packer discusses some of his essays from the period of September 11, 2001 to November 4, 2008; the luxury of being able to write long, in-depth articles for "The New Yorker" magazine; and the uncertain future of print journalism.
Global Ethics Corner: The U.S.: Shedding Hegemony with Grace | 05/07/10
Should the U.S. shed some global ambitions and responsibilities? Or, is America's global role simply too important, both to the U.S. and the world? What do you think?
Open Primaries: William Vocke Interviews Abel Maldonado, Lieutenant Governor of California | 05/05/10 Under the current system, California has a deadlocked, polarized legislature that can't get anything done, says Lt. Gov. Maldonado. The solution is to create an open primary system. California voters will vote on this proposal in June.
Global Ethics Corner: British Elections: To Represent or to Govern? | 04/30/10
Should election results accurately reflect public opinion or should elections promote effective governance?
Freedom for Sale: Why the World Is Trading Democracy for Security | 04/29/10 From Russia and China to the U.S. and the U.K., many seemingly dissimilar countries have an "unwritten pact," under which, consciously or not, the population trades some of their democratic rights for better living standards and political stability.
Global Ethics Corner: Should American Elections be Reformed? | 04/23/10
Is it time to reform the U.S. electoral structure? Should more views be represented? Do narrow interests have too much power? What do you think?
East Asian Security and Democracy: The Place of Taiwan | 04/21/10 Taiwan has transformed itself into a prosperous, vibrant democracy, and recently tensions between Taiwan and China have lessened. As the balance of power between the U.S. and China shifts, what is the future for Taiwan, and what role will it play in the region?
Global Ethics Corner: The Irony of Nuclear Weapons? | 04/16/10
This short video on ethics asks: Are nuclear weapons a necessary evil? Is it better to live in a world with nuclear deterrence or one that is free of nuclear threats? What do you think?
Taming the Gods: Religion and Democracy on Three Continents | 04/15/10 Focusing on Muslims in Europe, Ian Buruma argues that religions (including Islam) and liberal democracies are compatible, despite many peoples' fears. Democracy allows space for religion as long as believers obey their society's laws.
Global Ethics Corner: Sports, NCAA Basketball, and Money | 04/09/10
Is the role of the NCAA to help students succeed through sports, or to garner money for educational institutions? With the high drop-out rate of NCAA basketball players, should the organization change its rules to encourage student athletes to complete their undergraduate degrees?
Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What it Will Mean for Our World | 04/07/10 The real key to bringing economic and political change to the Muslim world is capitalism, says Vali Nasr. Entrepreneurial middle classes the world over have a stake in the system and are more interested in economic success than religious extremism.
Global Ethics Corner: Do Good Guys Really Finish Last? | 04/01/10
Benefits from altruism include approval, enhanced image, and neural stimulation--feeling good. Yet if you act selfishly you will have more resources, and your individual behavior is unlikely to break down society. Everyone has to choose. What will you do?
Future Challenges: The UN and the UNA. David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Miller | 03/29/10 President and CEO of the UN Association of the USA, Ambassador Miller discusses the U.S. role in the world and the power of grass roots commitment. Citizens can change policy by reminding leaders of their obligations on issues such as climate change.
Global Ethics Corner: Markets: The Invisible Hand or Fairness? | 03/26/10
What do you think maximizes individual benefits in the marketplace? Is it cut throat competition or altruistic norms of fairness and trust? Can you have both?
Global Jobs Update, Part Two | 03/24/10 A panel of experts from the International Labour Organization, business, academia, and the EU discuss the actions taken to address this multi-faceted crisis, and give suggestions for further ways to generate jobs.
Global Ethics Corner: The Ethics and Effectiveness of Basic Income Grants | 03/19/10
Can basic income grants work for those living in extreme poverty? Or are grants discouraging people from taking individual responsibility?
Global Jobs Update, Part One | 03/17/10 A panel of experts from the International Labour Organization, business, academia, and the EU discuss the actions taken to address this multi-faceted crisis, and give suggestions for further ways to generate jobs.
Global Ethics Corner: Greece, Goldman, and Financial Transparency? | 03/12/10
This short video on ethics asks: Is Goldman Sachs responsible for the current financial crisis in Greece? Or should Greek politicians who knew of Goldman's practices be blamed for the state of their economy?
Global Ethics Corner: Televising the Olympics: Where Is the Sport? | 03/05/10
Does the quest for high television ratings deter Olympic sportscasters from focusing on strategies and techniques of sports? Should Olympic coverage focus more on the game than on athletes' personal stories?
Uninhibited, Robust, and Wide-Open: A Free Press for a New Century | 03/03/10 Now that U.S. news outlets can instantaneously disseminate information across the world and foreign media have immediate access to the American market, what does press freedom really mean?
Is Public Diplomacy Beneficial for all Participants? | 02/26/10
One goal of public diplomacy is to create allies inside other states through education programs or cultural exchanges. Should this be viewed as enriching individuals, or as a sly attempt to manipulate another country's domestic politics?
The Next Hundred Million: America in 2050 | 02/24/10 How will the enormous projected growth of the U.S. population in the next four decades change the face of America? Will it make the U.S. weaker, or even more diverse and competitive?
Why Is the Energy Debate So Contentious? | 02/19/10
How do we balance the short-term interests at stake in the energy debate with our long-term needs? This short video on ethics asks: Why are energy and climate choices painted as opposites?
David Speedie Interviews Baroness Shirley Williams: A View from the United Kingdom on Transatlantic Relations | 02/17/10 In a wide-ranging conversation, Baroness Williams discusses the Obama administration's foreign policy; the situation in Afghanistan and in Iran; U.S. and British politics, including voter representation and corruption; and her work on nuclear disarmament.
Do You Agree or Resign? | 02/13/10
Can you hold to ethical standards and serve a government that makes mistakes? Does becoming a diplomat mean, "my country right or wrong"?
Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security--From World War II to the War on Terrorism | 02/10/10 According to historian Julian Zelizer, partisan fighting has always shaped American foreign policy, and the issue of national security has always been part of our domestic conflicts
Do People Matter in U.S. Foreign Policy? | 02/05/10
Is U.S. foreign policy determined by individual policy-makers and core values, or by external threats and domestic pressures?
Red Cloud at Dawn: Truman, Stalin, and the End of the Atomic Monopoly | 02/03/10 How does a state make a nuclear bomb? How does it hide its weapons program? How do other states detect nuclear proliferation? Gordin addresses important questions about how we think about nuclear weapons past and present.
In America, Does Pluralist Democracy Still Work? | 01/29/10
Has pluralism in America emphasized private interest over public good? Does the market for ideas need more supervision, or should the market rule?
Power Rules: How Common Sense Can Rescue American Foreign Policy | 01/27/10 How can America build partnerships and coalitions to solve today's global problems? Will the nation continue to dominate world affairs, or are we fast approaching a "post-America" era?
God and Obama | 01/22/10
For President Obama, what is the relation between religion and politics?
Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity | 01/20/10 Rwanda, Bosnia, Cambodia, Darfur, Congo, and more--since World War II, genocide has caused more deaths than all wars put together. Goldhagen analyzes how and why genocides start and proposes steps the international community can take to stop them.
Is the American Dream Dead? | 01/15/10
America's global future seems in doubt with a frozen political process, mountains of debt, stagnant exports, global military commitments, and less secure friendships. Is the American Dream dead?
The Science of War: Defense Budgeting, Military Technology, Logistics, and Combat Outcomes | 01/13/10 Michael O'Hanlon explains how military modeling and planning are done, taking as examples Desert Storm, the Iraq War, and the decisions to be made now about Afghanistan.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2010 | 01/08/10
The Eurasia Group identified ten top global risks for business this year, which should be understood not just as political and economic, but also as the basic choices they highlight. What do you think the fundamental issues are for 2010?
On Compromise and Rotten Compromises | 01/06/10 Compromise can be a political virtue, especially for the sake of peace. When is political compromise acceptable, and when is it fundamentally rotten? What if a rotten compromise is politically necessary? Are there moral limits to acceptable compromise, and what are those limits?
How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities | 12/23/09 The market's failure was not simply a result of greed, mass myopia, or government failure, says John Cassidy, although these were all contributing factors. "I ultimately see this crisis as a crisis of ideas, and misapplied ideas."
The Cost of Climate Change | 12/18/09
This short clip on ethics asks: Is climate change a common public burden, or should individuals make their own choices? Globally do modernized countries have an obligation to developing countries?
Russia and U.S.-Russia Relations: David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Pickering | 12/16/09 Ambassador Thomas Pickering discusses Russia's role in the unfolding events in Iran and other potential areas of cooperation between Russia and the United States, including missile defense and NATO enlargement.
Am I My Brothers' Keeper? | 12/11/09
This short video on ethics asks: Are we responsible for the well-being of children around the globe, millions of whom die every year from preventable causes? Or does charity begin at home?
Democracy and Waging War | 12/04/09
In a difficult and protracted war democracies may accept a draw due to a lack of public support. If you were caught between bowing to public opinion and taking bold positions that may alienate the electorate, which would you choose?
Serving on a Nonprofit Board: Opportunities, Qualifications, and Expectations (Edited Highlights) | 12/02/09 Joining a nonprofit board of directors is a tremendous opportunity to help an organization advance a mission that is important to you. Learn who nonprofit boards are looking for, what is expected of board members, and how people and boards connect.
America: Example or Moral Champion? | 11/27/09
What is the U.S. role in the world? There are two extremes. Being an example, or employing forceful U.S. engagement and being a moral champion. Neither pole will or should prevail, but which might best drive America's interests?
Can You Ever Earn Too Much? | 11/20/09
Within society there seems to be a general public disdain for excess and a private commitment to excess. Should there be formal or informal standards for compensation? Can you ever earn too much?
Your Income, Your Liberty, and Your Equality? | 11/13/09
Inequality in America has been accelerating rapidly since the 1980s. But capping income levels could put liberty and competitiveness at risk. This short video on ethics asks: What is the right balance between liberty and equality?
Afghanistan Briefing | 11/11/09 "Afghanistan makes Iraq look easy," says U.S. Army Colonel (Ret.) Senior Fellow Dr. McCausland. His comprehensive and evenhanded briefing analyzes the situation on the ground and the possible consequences of sending more troops.
Paying Others to Fight Our Battles | 11/06/09
Private contractors bring important skills to tasks outside the capability or mission of military personnel, but they are not accountable to the government or American people. Is this political cover valuable? What about the hidden costs?
Sustainable Branding: A U.S.-Japan Corporate Dialogue | 11/04/09 See the highlights from this panel discussion on sustainable branding, with participants from the U.S. and Japan. They address customer engagement, supply chain management, investor relations, and the impact of the economic crisis.
Emerging Challenges in a Network World | 11/03/09 In an increasingly interconnected world, soft power and engagement with all the world's players will become increasingly important--and that includes talking to Hamas and the Taliban, says Ancram.
Global Ethics Corner: When You Cross a Line | 10/30/09
When balancing life's complex tensions, how do you know when you've crossed a line?
Inside the Kingdom: Kings, Clerics, Modernists, Terrorists, and the Struggle for Saudi Arabia | 10/28/09
After spending years in the Kingdom talking to people in all walks of life, Robert Lacey gives us a modern history of the Saudis in their own words, revealing a people attempting to reconcile life under religious law with the demands of a rapidly changing world.
Troops in Afghanistan and Fighting Foreign Wars | 10/23/09
When war is a foreign insurgency, balancing human risks and possibility of success is a fundamental ethical dilemma for leaders. What do you think should happen in Afghanistan?
The Predictioneer's Game: Using the Logic of Brazen Self-Interest to See and Shape the Future | 10/15/09 Iran, Iraq, Israel, and North Korea--all are rational players, acting in their own self-interest as they perceive it, and with game theory we can predict what they and other players will do next.
When Your Island Sinks | 10/09/09
By 2050 some estimate that climate change will displace 150 million people, but the displaced won't qualify as refugees under international law. What should be done about relocation?
Crude World: The Violent Twilight of Oil | 10/07/09 From Ecuador to Nigeria, in most oil-producing countries oil has not brought any benefits to the poor and has often damaged people's health and ruined the environment, says Peter Maass. As for Iraq, although the war was not "all about oil," oil certainly played an important role.
This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly | 10/07/09 Financial crises are not random events, say Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff. Looking at the the data on boom and bust cycles that have occurred over the past 800 years, a clear pattern emerges. Why can't we learn from history?
Whose Art Is It? | 10/02/09
Should cultural treasures, acquired under dubious circumstances, be returned to their places of origin?
Losing the News: The Future of the News That Feeds Democracy | 09/30/09 "Internet culture values speed over accuracy, edge over fairness and balance, and above all, entertainment value above importance and significance. We can be overfed but undernourished in terms of news, and that's what's happening as newspapers scramble to stay in business."
Oceans, Garbage, and Food | 09/25/09
Can we regulate international space like the oceans? Pollution and illegal or unregulated fishing plague international waters. How can the problem be managed to maintain the health and beauty of our seas?
U.S.-Iran Relations After the Iranian Election | 09/23/09 How should the United States proceed in its relations with Iran during this turbulent time—and beyond? Should we launch direct, high-level talks between a U.S. envoy and a significant player, or continue on the same course?
Climate Protectionism and Competitiveness | 09/18/09
The global circulation of goods is a major source of both prosperity and carbon emissions. This short audio on ethics asks: Can trade be regulated to maximize development and reduce environmental harm?
Who Pays for Global Warming? | 09/16/09
This short clip on ethics asks: Who pays to stop global warming? How to allocate emissions allowances? If people are entitled to an equal share of the world's resources, should national allowances be allocated on a per capita basis? How about the billionaire in India who pollutes more than a poor person in urban Paris?
Restoring Trust in the Global Financial System | 09/09/09 This Workshop for Ethics in Business panel analyzes the growing lack of trust in the financial system and how it threatens to keep the global economy in the doldrums. What are the ways to best restore that trust?
Forest Preservation | 09/04/09
How do we put value on the forests as an indispensable element of our survival? Can we balance market mechanisms with regulations and consumption with sustainability?
Ecological Intervention | 08/28/09
Do states have a responsibility to protect the planet? If so, who would decide when environmental protection is a legitimate reason to interfere in the affairs of another state?
Prospects for U.S.-Russia Relations | 08/26/09 Russian Ambassador H.E. Mr. Kislyak's comprehensive talk includes his thoughts on U.S.-Russia relations, nuclear proliferation, and Russia today. He also gives us the Russian perspective on the conflict with Georgia.
Global Migration: Open the Doors or Build the Walls? | 08/21/09
Do immigrants help or hurt America? Closed borders cut off the world's best and brightest, while open borders may invite the world's desperate, criminal, and crazy. Should we err on the side of opening doors or building walls?
Dealing with Dictators: North Korea | 08/14/09
Should you ever deal with dictators? Two American journalists held hostage in North Korea were released as a result of Bill Clinton's recent meeting with Kim Jong-il. Did the positive outcome justify lending credibility to one of the world's worst regimes?
A Conversation with David Hamburg: The Commitment to Prevention | 08/12/09 David Speedie interviews David Hamburg on the prevention agenda of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and its legacy of preventing interstate conflict, genocide, and threats to global health.
The Garden, Veggies, and Ethics | 08/07/09
If you don't know the roots under a farmers' market or a colleague's produce, should you trust the food you get from them? How does the joy of growing and giving fresh vegetables weigh against potential soil hazards? Does even a carrot require an ethical choice?
The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution | 08/05/09 As Castro finally leaves the stage and a new president arrives in Washington, both the Cuban system and U.S.-Cuba relations could be on the brink of a new era. What will happen next?
Markets or Regulations, Is That the Question? | 07/31/09
Should government supplement markets to increase the public good? Should it regulate markets to protect the public good? How much is too much regulation?
North Korea: What Next? | 07/29/09 There are no good options in negotiations with North Korea, says Bush's top advisor on North Korean affairs, Victor Cha. It's always a choice between a bad option and a worse option.
The Missing Ingredient: Applied Ethics | 07/24/09
Policies are often debated along three dimensions: effectiveness, efficiency, and expediency. In place of a fourth dimension—applied ethics—we usually find sensationalism and polarization. Can public discourse rise above shouting?
EIA Interview: Alex Bellamy on the Responsibility to Protect | 07/22/09 "This is just the beginning of the road for R2P," says Bellamy. "There are a lot of skeptics...but it is a principle that has commanded the support of 192 governments, and that creates a tremendous political impetus."
Self-determination and Ethnic Cleansing | 07/17/09
Modern self-determination and the concept of nationality are closely linked, and have frequently led to instances of ethnic cleansing. Can nationalism and multi-ethnic societies co-exist? Must self-determination imply ethnic cleansing?
Forced to Labor: The Cost of Coercion | 07/15/09 The Carnegie Council and the International Labour Organization (ILO) present a unique look at modern slavery from the personal, policy, and enforcement perspectives, to shed light on an insidious practice that has become part of today's labor markets.
Military Intervention and Democracy? | 07/10/09
Is it ever ethical to violate a democratic constitution? If the rationale for military intervention is to save democracy, does that make it legitimate?
Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation | 07/08/09 Nandan Nilekani argues that India's recent economic boom has triggered tremendous social, political, and cultural change. He discusses India's challenges and advantages, such as its current "demographic dividend"--a large population of working age.
Why Is Health Care So Difficult? | 07/03/09
Why can't the U.S. negotiate a domestic solution to health care? Individuals are certainly responsible for their health. A wealthy society can also be responsible for its members. Is health care a primary right, or a personal responsibility?
Pillars of Ethics | 07/01/09 Carnegie Council president Joel Rosenthal discusses three pillars of ethics--pluralism, rights and responsibilities, and fairness--with Council staff members Madeleine Lynn and William Vocke.
France and Burqas | 06/26/09
French President Nicolas Sarkozy recently declared that burqas are not welcome in France. To some, the burqa represents the suppression of women. Yet many Muslim women embrace it. Should states have control over what people wear?
Jeffrey McCausland Interviews Thomas Ricks | 06/24/09 Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Jeffrey McCausland talks to Thomas Ricks about his latest book, "The Gamble: General Petraeus and the American Military Adventure in Iraq, 2006-2008."
When Are Elections Legitimate? | 06/19/09
When are elections legitimate? What about Iran? Elections assume that losers accept results. Because many disagree, can they overturn an election? Should we believe authorities that declare elections valid?
EIA Interview: Simon Dalby on Environmental Security | 06/17/09 "Peace-building is literally about building now," says Dalby. "It's about constructing buildings that don't need large quantities of energy, both because of climate change and so that they are not dependent on supplies from the other side of the planet."
Pillars of Choice: Fairness | 06/12/09
Fairness is a universal concept, but its application depends on time and place. The three pillars of ethical choice—pluralism, rights and responsibilities, and fairness—are thus codependent, and balancing them demands dialogue among people.
Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet | 06/10/09 Economist Jeffrey Sachs focuses on the financial crisis, both in the U.S. and worldwide. He concludes that we should look at it as a wakeup call that we were not on a sustainable path, and as an opportunity to invest in the future.
Pillars of Choice: Rights and Responsibilities | 06/05/09
Balancing rights and responsibilities is one of the pillars supporting ethical choice. How far do our rights extend? Do responsibilities diminish our entitlements?
Pillars of Choice: Pluralism | 05/29/09
How do we celebrate differences without falling into the trap of cultural relativism?
How Do We Know When We've Been Bad? | 05/22/09
To become ethical, must behavior be grounded in a religious faith or other system of belief? How do we judge the behavior of states and people?
Is the Free Market Central to America's Future? | 05/15/09
New York is no longer viewed as the financial capital of the world, or even of the United States. Given the recent government intervention in states' economies, will the free-market model be able to compete?
The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: Wilsonianism in the Twenty-First Century | 05/14/09 Was George W. Bush the true heir of Woodrow Wilson, the architect of liberal internationalism? Was the Iraq War a result of liberal ideas about America's right to promote democracy abroad? Anne-Marie Slaughter begs to differ.
The Health Legacy of Nuclear Test Veterans | 05/08/09
Participants in Britain's nuclear weapons testing program argued recently that health was damaged by radiation. Who is responsible? Should compensation be a legal matter or a moral one?
Ethical Issues in U.S.-Asia Policy: Devin Stewart Interviews Chong-Pin Lin | 05/06/09 Dr. Lin discusses Taiwan's current political crisis; relations with China; climate change; the future of democracy in East Asia; what Obama's presidency may mean for the region; and the surprising "detente" between China and Japan.
Jumping Parties: Principles or Pragmatism? | 05/01/09
Senator Specter is now a Democrat. Was his decision to switch parties principled, pragmatic, or just expedient?
A Special Appeal from Senior Fellow William Vocke | 05/01/09 Last year we filmed over 70 events and made them freely available in various formats on our website, on iTunes, and on YouTube. But reaching out digitally is expensive. Please give a donation today by going to cceia.org. Thank you.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2009 | 04/29/09 What dangers are lurking for 2009? Taking Eurasia Group's list of Top Risks as a starting point, this lively discussion examines the ethical aspects of these issues.
For Torture, Who Should We Prosecute? | 04/24/09
Torture is wrong. So who is culpable? The point people? The memo writers? The overseers? No one? Everyone?
International Aid: Does Help Hurt? | 04/17/09
According to Dambisa Moyo, large foreign aid flows to Africa disenfranchise Africans and prop up corrupt African leaders. If we follow Moyo's advice and cut off aid, what happens to the millions whose survival depends on it?
The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World | 04/15/09 Does the symbiotic relationship between China and America--"Chimerica" as Niall Ferguson calls it--give reason to hope that America's present economic situation will turn out to be not a crash, but a correction?
A Conversation with Ezekiel Emanuel on Health Care Reform | A doctor, a former advisor to the Obama administration, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Emanuel has spent a generation advocating on health care reform. In this lively and sometimes heated discussion, he clearly and succinctly explains "Obamacare," why it evolved as it did, and what it will mean for Americans going forward.
Heirs to Forgotten Kingdoms: Journeys Into the Disappearing Religions of the Middle East | Despite its reputation for religious intolerance, the Middle East has long sheltered many distinctive faiths. How are groups such as the Mandaeans and Yazidis of Iraq, the Zoroastrians of Iran, and the Copts of Egypt hanging on to their ancient traditions? How can we combat religious hatred?
Legal and Moral International Norms Since 1914 | "What lessons has humankind learned from the events of 1914 in Sarajevo? And are there further lessons that we should have learned, but didn't? Have our legal and moral norms changed (hopefully for the better) in the years since?"
The Financial Crisis, the Response, and the Work Ahead | Alan S. Blinder, Princeton professor, "Wall Street Journal" columnist, and former vice chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, explains how the worst economic crisis in postwar American history happened, what the government did to fight it, and what we can do from here.
The Ethics and Governance of Geoengineering | The definition of geoengineering is "large-scale human intervention with the Earth in order to change the climate," says Janos Pasztor, and to manage the world's climate responsibly, we may have to consider deploying it someday. If we do, the most important issue will be governance: How do you decide how far to go? When do you start? When do you stop?
How to Prevent Another Great Recession | First, there will definitely be another recession, says Ay. As long as people make free economic decisions, they will make mistakes. But it's important to understand the fundamental reasons behind the recent subprime crisis. She goes on to discuss financial regulation, loan securitization, and the pitfalls of encouraging home ownership.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Online Activist Ricken Patel | A brilliant student, Ricken Patel could have had a stellar career in any field he wished. Instead he chose to live among the poor in some of the world's most dangerous places, and ultimately founded Avaaz, a successful activist organization with more than 30 million members. Learn more about Patel and Avaaz in this remarkable interview.
Now I Know Who My Comrades Are: Voices from the Internet Underground | Authoritarian governments try to isolate individuals from one another, but in the age of social media this is impossible to do. Online, people discover that they are not alone. As one blogger put it, "Now I know who my comrades are." The question is, what's next?
The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World | As more people become prosperous and interstate conflicts diminish, there is a convergence between East and West, says Kishore Mahbubani. Now we have to change our mindset accordingly and act as one united world on issues such as climate change. One important step is to reform the UN.
Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East | How did the Arab Revolt and Lawrence of Arabia shape the Middle East? And how are Lawrence's actions of a century ago still being felt today?
The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics | In the Cold War, the path to nuclear war always led through Moscow and Washington. In the second nuclear age the triggers to nuclear war are in Tel Aviv, Islamabad, Pyongyang, and in the future possibly Tehran, and possibly in other places too, because you can start a nuclear war even if you don't have nuclear weapons.
Afghanistan and Pakistan: The Re-emergence of the Taliban and the Arrival of ISIS | Ahmed Rashid and Barnett Rubin dissect the complicated situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan--a region of many competing terrorist groups--and also comment on ISIS in the Middle East and Europe. ISIS is actually a war within Islam, declares Rashid, and the West's main task should be to help mobilize and unite the Muslim world to fight it.