Editor's Note [Full Text]
As we approach our second century, Carnegie Council will remain the home for energetic, rigorous, and creative thinking on the ethics of war. In these pages, we rededicate ourselves to the proposition that the "just war" tradition is an inheritance that requires and rewards constant engagement.
Introduction: Thinking Ethically about the Use of Force [Full Text]
What does it mean to think ethically about the use of force? This beguilingly simple question is difficult to address.
Contemporary Just War Thinking: Which Is Worse, to Have Friends or Critics?
James Turner Johnson
The increasingly widespread and energetic engagement with the idea of just war over the last 50 years of thinking on morality and armed conflict—especially in English-speaking countries—presents a striking contrast to the previous several centuries, going back to the early 1600s, in which thinkers addressing moral issues related to war did so without reference to the just war idea.
Divisions within the Ranks? The Just War Tradition and the Use and Abuse of History
Have the critics of the historical approach to just war theory landed it a knock-out blow, or can it withstand the bricks and bats that have been hurled its way? This article will elucidate four of the most hard-hitting charges levied at the historical approach, and evaluate its continuing utility in light of them.
Just War Thinking as a Social Practice
Given the niche occupied by just war thinking in contemporary policy discourse, it is worth asking several basic questions about the just war vocabulary. What purposes does it (or can it) serve? What is the nature of its authority? How does or ought just war thinking proceed? Or, to put it another way, how does one recognize "good" just war thinking?
From Jus ad Bellum to Jus ad Vim: Recalibrating Our Understanding of the Moral Use of Force
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Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun
Just war scholars often do not differentiate between force and war, but rather talk about bellum justum as if all uses of force implied the same moral challenges. The tendency is therefore to evaluate forces short of war through the lens of jus ad bellum. We question whether this assumption is warranted.